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Naval And Military Pensions And Grants
30 October 1918
Volume 110

Retired And Emergency Naval Officers (Bonus)

16.

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asked the First Lord of the Admiralty whether the 25 per cent. bonus on the full pay earned by retired officers and Emergency List officers is a definite grant in lieu of pension which is suspended and cannot be increased by time served during the War and a definite grant on re-employment in time of war?

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The 25 per cent. bonus referred to, plus full pay, is paid to retired officers and officers on the Emergency List re-employed. So far as the retired officers are concerned, it is a payment in lieu of counting service for further pension during re-employment.

17 and 18.

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asked the First Lord of the Admiralty (1) whether he is aware that retired and emergency officers employed in departments outside the Admiralty—namely, transport officers, port convoy officers, shipping intelligence officers, officers in charge of D.A.M.S., and commodores of convoys—are receiving consolidated pay plus the 25 per cent. bonus; if he can see his way to give similar treatment to retired and emergency officers employed in departments inside the Admiralty, and to make the rectification retrospective; (2) whether he can say, in view of the provisions of the Orders in Council regarding the employment of retired officers in time of war, dated 8th March, 1895, and 12th November, 1900, 16th May, 1904, 5th March, 1910, 5th July, 1911, 3rd February, 1915, and 15th February, 1916, and in view of the provisions of the Orders in Council regarding the employment of emergency officers in time of war, dated 13th May, 1901, and 11th February, 1913, why retired and emergency officers employed at the Admiralty are debarred from receiving the consolidated rate of pay of their rank and in addition the 25 per cent. bonus on their full pay, less allowances, as provided for by these Orders in Council?

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As regards retired and emergency officers recalled to employment at the Admiralty, they receive pay and allowances plus bonus, or consolidated pay where the same is more to their advantage. As regards retired and emergency officers specified in question No. 17, they get consolidated pay plus 25 per cent. bonus. This was decided upon after careful consideration.

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Is not the right hon. Gentleman aware that men now employed in provincial towns are getting the consolidated rate of pay, plus the bonus, and not in London, where it costs a great deal more to live than in provincial towns.

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The hon. Member is right in the points of Question 17. The officers therein specified are getting consolidated pay plus bonus. Those who are recalled for service at the Admiralty receive pay and allowances, plus bonus, or consolidated pay. The matter was decided after very careful consideration, and I cannot carry the matter beyond that.

Medal Recipients (Gratuities)

77.

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asked the Financial Secretary to the War Office whether there is any reason why a gratuity or an addition of 6d. a day to pension should be given to recipients of the Distinguished Conduct Medal, Meritorious Service Medal, and Military Cross while the same is denied to recipients of the Military Medal; and whether he will in consequence consider the desirability of giving a bonus to those military medalists who have won a bar to their medal for a second act of bravery in this War?

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The Military Medal was instituted with a view to providing a form of decoration in recognition of bravery in the field which did not reach the standard of the Distinguished Conduct Medal, and so did not call for the addition of the gratuity and extra pension which the latter carries.

78.

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asked the Financial Secretary to the War Office whether, in view of the fact that 6d. a day is added to the pension of a recipient of the Distinguished Conduct Medal who is discharged to pension, he will consider the grant of a like sum for life to distinguished conduct medalists who are not discharged to pension in lieu of the gratuity of £20 which is awarded them instead?

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This matter has been carefully examined, and it is considered undesirable to multiply small pensions of 6d. a day where there is no other pension to which they would form an addition.

Kit Renewal

72.

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asked the Under-Secretary of State for War whether, in view of the difficulties which officers living on their pay experience in replacing articles of kit when they become worn out after many months on active service, he will consider the possibility of giving an additional outfit allowance of £15 per annum to all officers who have served three years and over during the present War?

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Renewal of kit was one of the necessary expenses taken into account when the present scale of pay for officers was fixed by the War Cabinet.

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Will the right hon. Gentleman take into consideration the still further increase in the price of kits since the last arrangements were made?

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Arrangements have been made by which articles of uniform and so forth can be purchased at fixed maximum prices.

Royal Navy

Engineer Officers (Pay)

19.

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asked the Secretary to the Admiralty if he is now in a position to make a statement as regards the kept-on engineer officers of the Royal Navy and their pay?

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I can only repeat that this question is still under consideration.

Coast Watchers

25.

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asked the Secretary to the Admiralty whether he can state the approximate percentage of the civilian coast watchers employed under the Admiralty who have never served in the Navy or Army or in the Mercantile Marine during the present War; and whether he will consider the advisability of replacing them by discharged men of all Services who are fitted for work of this nature?

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It is not possible in the time to complete the inquiries which are necessary in order to furnish a reply to my hon. and gallant Friend's question. If he will repeat his question one day next week, I shall be in a position to answer him.

German Government

Legation, Berne

26.

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asked the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs if he is aware that the German Legation at Berne, which in pre-war days consisted of a staff fewer than fifty in number, now exceeds 1,200 persons; if he has any official information showing that this Legation has become the headquarters of the German system of espionage throughout the world; and if he will make representations to the Swiss Government as to whether Swiss consent has been obtained for so great an increase?

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The staff of the German Legation at Berne has been very considerably augmented. I am unaware of the exact numbers of its present staff, but I doubt if they are as high as is suggested. The answer to the second part of the question is in the negative, and I am afraid that it would be impossible to comply with the final suggestion.

Constitutional Changes

27.

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asked the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs if he is in a position to explain the constitutional effect of the changes in the system of government in Germany referred to in the reply of the German Government to President Wilson's Note; whether the powers of the Bundesrat as a legislative body and as the supreme administrative board have been in any way modified; whether the Secretaries of State and other heads of executive departments have gained any responsible authority or remain answerable to the Imperial Chancellor alone and liable to be dismissed by him at will; and whether the expression War Cabinet now appearing in reports of German political movements implies the existence of an executive Government with collective responsibility to the Legislature, similar in constitutional status to that assigned by modern usage to the Cabinet in the United Kingdom, France, and Italy?

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I fear that I could not within the limits of a reply to a question explain the constitutional effect of the changes now being made in the Government of Germany. As far as I know, there is no evidence that the powers of the Bundesrat have been in any way modified. With regard to the third part of the question, it does not appear that there is any proposal to alter the position of Secretaries of State in Germany. They remain, as I understand, subordinate to the Imperial Chancellor, and are appointed by the Emperor on his recommendation. They are also, I suppose, liable to be dismissed by the Emperor, who will presumably exercise this power on the recommendation of the Imperial Chancellor, although this does not seem to be specifically provided for. The last part of the question is, therefore, presumably in the negative.

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Will representations be made to the German Government that the powers of the Bundesrat should be regulated under the terms of the Parliament Act?

Roumania (British Subjects' Property)

28.

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asked the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs whether he is aware that a considerable quantity of property owned by British subjects in Roumania was destroyed on the direct instructions of British officers; whether, in consequence, some of the owners thereof have been reduced from affluent circumstances to the verge of poverty; and whether, considering that the loss of such commerce must eventually be made good, the Government will now make reparation to the owners of the property, either in payment in full or by a payment on account, instead of waiting until after the cessation of hostilities?

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I presume that this question refers to the destruction of oil property in Roumania at the end of 1916 for the purpose of preventing its being utilised by the enemy for military purposes. This destruction was effected by the direction of the Roumanian Government, and was carried out under the supervision of Roumanian, French, and British officers. Any claim for compensation must therefore be, in the first place, one against the Roumanian Government, and no question of any payment being made by His Majesty's Government can be considered until the matter has been adjusted in consultation with the Roumanian and the other Governments concerned. I would point out that even if the destruction had not taken place the British owners could have received no income from their properties so long as these remained in the hands of the enemy.

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As the property to which I refer was destroyed on the express instructions of His Majesty's Government, will the matter be reconsidered?

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I will consider any additional facts which my hon. Friend may bring before me, but I do not think that it is accurate to say that anything was done by British officers except as agents of the Roumanian Government.

Russia

Mr B Chrysin (Deportation)

29.

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asked the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs whether he is aware that a Russian gentleman, Mr. B. Chrysin, deported with Mr. Litvinoff on 26th September, is in London; and whether his return is in connection with any political object favoured by the Foreign Office?

141.

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asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department whether he is aware that Mr. B. Chrysin, who was deported from this country on 26th September, is now in London and writing letters from his address in the city; by what means and with whose permission was Mr. Chrysin allowed to return; and what action he proposes to take?

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My right hon. Friend has asked me to reply to question No. 29, and I will answer at the same time question No. 141. I regret that, in answering the hon. Member's question on the 17th instant, I was mistaken in saying that Chrysin had left this country. This was the information given me, but it proves to be incorrect. There has been some confusion in the case owing to the illness of the officer concerned, but the matter will be investigated.

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Will the right hon. Gentleman apologise to Mr. Chrysin, who carries on business in the city in the co-operative movement, and can now have it put to him that the Home Secretary has said that he has been deported when he has never been deported; and will the right hon. Gentleman say who is the official who is responsible?

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I am having the matter investigated.

Ceylon

30.

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asked the Secretary of State for the Colonies whether a cablegram has been received from the Ceylon Reform League and the Ceylon National Association informing the Government of the disappointment caused in Ceylon by the announcement of the Government that the time was inopportune for the discussion of reforms in Ceylon; whether there are any and, if so, what reasons why the same consideration should not be given to the demands of the people of Ceylon for responsible government as the Government is now giving to similar demands from the neighbouring people of India; whether any and, if so, what reply has been given to the Reform League and National Association; and whether he will call for and publish a Report of the Governor of Ceylon upon the steps necessary for introducing into Ceylon a measure of responsible government similar to that proposed by the Secretry of State for India?

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Telegrams have been received from the Ceylon Reform League and National Association. I have asked the Governor to inform these and other bodies in Ceylon who have approached me that I will carefully consider their views, but that I am not prepared to form any definite conclusions until the time is more opportune for examining all the proposals which have been submitted. I have no doubt I shall be furnished with the Governor's views in due course.

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Can the right hon. Gentleman say when he is likely to have the Governor's Report?

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I do not know.

31.

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asked the Secretary of State for the Colonies how many persons condemned by court-martial for offences during the Ceylon riots of June, 1915, are still in prison?

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I have no recent Return giving the desired information. The bulk of the prisoners were released in 1916, and the sentences of those remaining have been carefully reviewed.

32.

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asked the Secretary of State for the Colonies whether he has received a memorial from Ceylon denying that all the cases of illegal shooting alleged to have taken place during the riots have been investigated, and containing sworn affidavits going to show that the eye-witnesses of the shootings and the relatives of the persons shot have never been examined, and that the inquiry was confined to calling for a report from the officers accused of illegal action; and whether, in these circumstances, he will order a full public inquiry into all these cases?

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I have received no such memorial, and I have nothing to add to the answers previously given on the subject of the proposals for a further inquiry.

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Are we to understand that the Government entirely declines to clear up this old question?

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I have said that I have nothing to add.

Australia (British Imports)

33.

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asked the Secretary of State for the Colonies what is now the average Import Duty on British manufactured goods imported into the Commonwealth of Australia; to what extent, if any, these duties have been raised since 1st August, 1914; and whether any other of the self-governing Dominions have similarly increased Import Duties on British manufactures?

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My right hon. Friend has asked me to reply to this question. A calculation made by the statistical authorities of the Commonwealth shows that the average incidence of the tariff of 1914 (which came into operation after the outbreak of war) amounted to about 16¾ per cent. ad valorem on imports of all descriptions from the United Kingdom, as compared with about 14¼ per cent. in the case of the previous tariff. There has been a general increase of rates of duty in Canada, and one on important classes of goods in South Africa. In New Zealand and Newfoundland a few articles only have been subjected to higher rates.

Mombasa

35.

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asked the Secretary of State for the Colonies whether he will state why the segregating of Indians in a special part of Mombasa was not submitted to the India Office before it was carried out; whether he is aware that Indian opinion in the Colony is disturbed by this new departure; whether any further extensions of a colour-bar policy are intended; whether Indians have representation on the Legislative Council of the Colony; and whether he is aware that Indian troops have taken a leading part in defending the Colony from the Germans?

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The responsibility for the administration of the East Africa Protectorate rests and must remain with the Secretary of State for the Colonies. I have had representations from Indian Associations in the Protectorate on the matter referred to, but I can give no pledge that further steps will not be taken if necessitated by the sanitary considerations, which have governed the measures already adopted. I am, of course, fully aware of the part taken by Indian troops in the campaign.

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Does that mean that the Colonial Office declines to consult the India Office on matters concerning the welfare of our Indian fellow subjects?

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I have nothing to add to the answer.

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If the hon. and gallant Gentleman knows better than the Colonial Office, he need not put the question.

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I asked whether the Colonial Office in this matter had consulted the India Office?

36.

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asked the Secretary of State for the Colonies whether there is need for Indian residences in Mombasa; and, if so, whether any land will be sold to Indians as it has been to Europeans?

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In answer to the first part of the question, I have no information. As regards the second part of the question, I have no doubt that if this is so, and if land is available For the purpose, the answer will be in the affirmatve.

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May I take it that the Indian population of Mombasa have made representations to the Colonial Office that they want land as well as the white settlers, and that land will be provided for them?

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I stated the hypothesis in perfectly correct terms, and I think the answer is complete.

Wound Distinction

38.

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asked the Under-Secretary of State for War whether, in view of the fact that men wounded in former wars may now receive the same concessions in respect to military service, and the same rates, of pension as men wounded in the present War, he will also grant them the gold stripe, as given to men who have been wounded since 4th August, 1914?

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The wound distinction was introduced to meet the peculiar circumstances connected with the present War, and it is not proposed to extend the conditions of award so as to include men wounded in previous wars.

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Can the right hon. Gentleman say what are the peculiar circumstances of this war, and why men wounded in the South African and former wars should not be given the gold stripe as well as the men wounded in this War?

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This War is a very prolonged one, and it was thought at one time in the House that there was a great distinction between the man serving at home and the man who has come home wounded after serving abroad in this War.

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Why should not men who have been wounded in former wars have a like distinction?

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Questions should not be made the subject of debate. It precludes the later questions from being asked.

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This is my third question.

Military Service

Thirteen Years' Service

39.

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asked the Under-Secretary of State for War whether, in view of the fact that, under the Military Service Act of May, 1916, men could claim their discharge if they had thirteen years' service to their credit and had reached the age limit of forty-one under that Act, he will now extend a similar concession to men who have reached the age of fifty-one and have also thirteen years' service to their credit?

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I regret that in existing circumstances it is not possible to adopt my hon. and gallant Friend's suggestion. The question suggests an amendment to the Military Service (No. 2) Act, 1918, and should, therefore, be addressed to the Minister of National Service.

Recruits Under Nineteen

44.

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asked the Under-Secretary of State for War whether he is aware that a draft of lads under nineteen was sent overseas from the Gordon Highlanders early in September and, in spite of the undertaking given by him on 7th August, in the same month were sent into the firing line?

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Inquiries are already being made, and I will let my hon. Friend know the result as soon as possible.

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Would it not be the greatest hardship to lads of nineteen to peremptorily forbid their entering the firing line, in view of the fact that they have displayed the greatest gallantry during the War?

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I have already said that I regard the conduct and attitude of these young fellows when perforce they were sent abroad in March last as simply magnificent.

Conscription (Ireland)

53.

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asked the Prime Minister if he will have the calling up of men of over forty-five suspended until the necessity of conscripting the young men of Ireland shall arise?

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I regret that I can add nothing to the previous replies on this subject.

Re-Enlistment (Rank)

64.

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asked the Under-Secretary of State for War whether he can now state what decision has been come to with respect to the restoration to their former rank, irrespective of their medical category, of warrant officers and non-commissioned officers recalled to the Colours under the last Military Service Act?

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Generally speaking, ex-warrant officers and ex-non-commissioned officers on re-enlistment are given the substantive rank which they held at the time of their discharge from the Army. There are, however, certain exceptions, which are explained fully in the instructions which have been issued on the subject, and of which I am sending copies to my hon. and gallant Friend.

Class W (Reserve)

76.

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asked the Under-Secretary of State for War whether a man transferred to Class W of the Reserve is considered to be a civilian or a soldier?

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A Reservist in Class W cannot strictly speaking be called either a soldier or a civilian, but while permitted to remain in reserve he is not subject to military discipline. He is, however, liable at any time to be recalled to the Colours for service as a soldier.

Royal Army Medical Corps

40.

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asked the Under-Secretary of State for War if, having regard to the fact that women doctors serving in military hospitals discharge similar duties and receive the same pay as men doctors and are entitled to wear the Royal Army Medical Corps badge, he will take steps to rectify the anomaly of their being refused even honorary commissions or to wear badges of rank which would be helpful to them in maintaining discipline; and if he can arrange that they obtain equivalent relief from Income Tax as is granted to men doctors under the Service rate?

70.

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asked the Under-Secretary of State for War if he is aware that duly qualified women doctors, attached to the Royal Army Medical Corps and performing the same work as Royal Army Medical Corps officers, are not granted commissions or the badge of rank; and will he consider favourably an alteration in these Regulations?

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I am sorry that I cannot give a definite reply to-day, but I can assure my hon. Friends that the question is at this moment receiving every possible consideration.

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Can the right hon. Gentleman say when he will be able to reply, as this matter is greatly pressing?

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I quite agree that the matter is pressing, and I hope to be able to give a reply next Wednesday.

22Nd Cheshire Regiment

41, 42 and 43.

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asked the Under-Secretary of State for War (1) whether the 22nd Cheshire Regiment (4th Reserve Battalion. Territorial Force, was sent from Oswestry to Kinmel because there was a proposal that German prisoners should occupy their hutments at Oswestry; why the battalion was moved before a definite decision to use such hutments for prisoners was made; whether such hutments have been occupied since the battalion left; (2) whether the 4th Reserve Battalion Cheshire Regiment, Territorial Force, have recently gone into billets at Whitstable because their canvas camp has been in an exposed place and has been blown down; whether this involves the expenditure of large sums for billeting money; whether there are no public buildings suitable for training in bad weather; why this Reserve battalion cannot be placed at Kinmel, where there are plenty of empty hutments, etc.; (3) whether the 4th Reserve Battalion, Territorial Force, of the Cheshire Regiment, having been first moved from Oswestry to Kinmel, were in July, for no ostensible reason, moved to Tankerton Camp, Whitstable, and put under canvas; and whether he will explain why this course was adopted, as the cost of transporting recruits from Cheshire to Whitstable is at least three times that of taking them to Kinmel, and the cost of home warrants to the country similarly great, as well as the cost of men joining up from Lancashire and Cheshire hospitals and command depots?

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The battalion referred to was moved in accordance with the measures necessary for the defence of the country. The camp at Tankerton was blown down under exceptional climatic conditions, and the battalion was placed in winter quarters a few days in anticipation of the normal moves of troops which had been arranged. The accommodation at Kinmel has already been allotted, and is not available.

As regards question No. 41, my hon. Friend is under a misapprehension. The hutments at Oswestry occupied by the battalion had been allotted previously for prisoners of war, and a certain amount of barbed wire had been put up in order to make the camp suitable for their reception at any time. The hutments were occupied by prisoners of war as soon as the special arrangements necessary were completed, and have since been continuously occupied by them.

Dominion Premiers

45.

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asked the Prime Minister whether Mr. W. M. Hughes is still a guest of the Government?

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I have been asked to reply to this question. The answer is in the affirmative.

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May I ask whether the business of the Dominion Premiers is not already finished, and whether, in these circumstances, their expenses could not be paid by the party organisations? [HON MEMBERS: "Order, order!"]

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Notice must be given of that question. The question on the Paper has had a complete answer. Questions must not be used for the purpose of initiating debates.

Enemy Aliens

47.

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asked the Prime Minister whether he will consider the advisability of appointing a second Committee, similar to that presided over by Mr. Justice Sankey, so that the cases of internment or repatriation of enemy aliens may be dealt with more expeditiously?

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I do not think this desirable. The Committee have great experience, and are making good progress. I do not think it would conduce to expedition to hand over part of the work to another Committee.

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How many cases have been dealt with, and how many remain to be dealt with?

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I cannot answer that without notice. I will inquire if the hon. Gentleman puts down a question.

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Does the right hon. Gentleman think that anyone else will be before the Committee?

48.

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asked the Prime Minister whether, in view of the possibility of a General Election in the near future, he will introduce legislation to prevent anyone of enemy alien birth, whether naturalised or unnaturalised, having the right to sit in Parliament or on municipal and local councils?

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I would refer the hon. Member to the answer given by my right hon. Friend the Leader of the House to the hon. and learned Member for the Ealing Division last Thursday.

49.

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asked the Prime Minister whether, in view of the possibility of a General Election in the near future, he will appoint additional Committees, similar to that presided over by Mr. Justice Atkin, so that the certificates of naturalisation granted to aliens can be reviewed without further delay, and so prevent all those who are proved to be undesirable from exercising the franchise at the forthcoming General Election?

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This Committee is making good progress with its work, and I do not think it necessary to appoint an additional Committee.

Peace Conference

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asked the Prime Minister whether he can state who will represent Ireland at the Peace Conference?

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It is impossible to say now who will be the delegates of the British Empire at the Peace Conference.

Reconstruction

Munitions (Employment)

51.

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asked the Prime Minister if, in view of the possibility of an early peace, he is now in a position to make any statement as to the arrangements which have been made to wind up contracts for the manufacture of munitions and to find employment for the workpeople engaged thereon?

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I cannot add anything to the previous replies which have been given on this subject.

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As this is a matter of great importance, may I ask when the light hon. Gentleman thinks he can make a statement?

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I cannot say.

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As a large number of people may be thrown out of employment at short notice, can the right hon. Gentleman say what steps are being taken to avoid that?

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My hon. Friend may be quite sure that the matter is being very carefully considered.

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Will the right hon. Gentleman make representations to the War Cabinet that an opportunity should be given to the House to discuss this matter before the General Election?

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I will convey that to my right hon. Friend.

Imperial Conference (Migration Resolutions)

54.

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asked the Prime Minister whether legislation will be required to carry into effect the Resolutions on migration between India and the Dominions which were passed at the Imperial Conference; and, if so, whether it is proposed to introduce such legislation during the present Session?

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I think that no Imperial legislation will be required, and that the necessary steps can be taken in India.

Miss Sylvia Pankhurst

55.

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asked the Prime Minister whether it is by his orders or authority that Miss Sylvia Pankhurst had been summoned to appear on 28th October at Ronishaw, Derbyshire, for a speech advocating Socialism delivered on 28th September; and whether the Government has taken any decision to suppress the advocacy of Socialist opinions?

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Miss Sylvia Pankhurst was prosecuted by the Director of Public Prosecutions, and was convicted of an offence against the Defence of the Realm Regulations. The answer to the latter part of the question is in the negative.

Influenza Epidemic

Belfast Prison

57.

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asked the Prime Minister what steps, if any, the Government have taken to prevent the influenza epidemic spreading; if he is aware that over 100 political prisoners are now suffering from this illness in Belfast Prison; that they have not sufficient hospital accommodation or nurses to cope with the outbreak; that their food is insufficient and of a poor quality, being tea and dry bread; and if he will state what steps the Government propose to take to deal with the matter?

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Dr. MacCormack, the medical member of the Prisons Board specially visited Belfast Prison in reference to the influenza epidemic. He reports that there are now under medical treatment for influenza 111 prisoners committed under the Defence of the Realm Regulations and fourteen officers of the prison. There is no foundation for the allegiation that the food is insufficient or of poor quality, or that the medical or nursing arrangements are unsatisfactory.

Special treatment and diet are afforded to each patient, and the medical officer to the prison has authority to engage additional medical assistance and trained nursing staff, and to order any extra articles of food or medicines that may be deemed necessary. The prison medical officer has already called to his assistance Dr. Tweedie, of Belfast, and Professor McKisack, M.D., as consultant. There is no reason to think that the prisoners are not receiving all proper care and medical treatment.

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Have some of these prisoners been transferred or will any be transferred to hospitals in other institutions where they can be better attended to?

Ministerial Statements

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asked the President of the Local Government Board whether, in view of the continued spread of influenza, he will state to the House how many medical advisers there are attached to the Local Government Board; whether they are all at present engaged in giving their whole time to preventive measures dealing with the epidemic; whether, in view of the grave results arising from the spread of the disease, he considers the staff wants strengthening; and whether he does not think it advisable to issue broadcast advice as to what steps can be taken by the public to prevent the spread of infection?

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The staff of the medical department of the Local Government Board consists of a medical officer and four assistant medical officers, together with twenty medical inspectors.

A memorandum of instruction as to the preventive measures available, which was prepared by the medical officer, has been issued to every sanitary district in England and Wales and the sanitary authorities, under the advice of their medical officers of health, are urging the adoption of the preventive measures in their several districts. In the invaded towns information as to the precautions available has been distributed broadcast by means of leaflets, posters, and Press notices. In many of these areas day schools and Sunday schools have been closed, and the public have been advised to avoid crowded assemblies. In some instances voluntary arrangements have been made for excluding children from cinema performances, and also for increasing the time between performances, so as to allow the air in the building to be thoroughly changed.

The medical staff of the Board are devoting all such time as is necessary to this epidemic, and will continue to do so. I do not at present consider that the staff needs enlargement in consequence of the epidemic.

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Does the right hon. Gentleman know that in many areas there is great uncertainty amongst the public as to the best steps they have to take, and would it not be well to issue some general advice which can be publicly posted and wisely distributed?

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That is precisely what we have done, but we think that that general advice will be much more likely to percolate through the medical officers of health acting through the various sanitary authorities. I am quite ready to make further inquiries as to how far that is being done, and to urge upon the medical officers of health and every sanitary authority to give whatever public notice they can by various means appealing to the public to obey, as far as practicable, the injunctions laid down.

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Is it a fact that a sure preventative against influenza is cocoa taken three times a day?

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May I ask the President of the Local Government Board whether the medical officer of his Board has conferred on this subject with the medical officer of the Board of Education, having regard to the number of children affected by this disease?

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A Conference has been sitting at the Local Government Board during the last few days to which the Medical Officer of Health of the Board of Education has been contributing his very wide experience and knowledge, and other experts are engaged in attending that conference to confer one with another to see what best can be done.

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Can the right hon. Gentleman tell the House whether there are many of the sanitary districts, to which circulars have been issued, which are without the services of a medical officer of health at the present time?

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I could not give the right hon. Gentleman any accurate statistics. There is a shortage of doctors in every direction, and medical officers, no doubt, to a certain extent have been depleted by military calls upon them. I will also make inquiries on that point.

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Having made those inquiries, will the right hon. Gentleman see that in sanitary districts where there is not a medical officer of health, the instructions which he has given shall be applied by some other competent person?

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I will see that whoever is acting as deputy shall be equally apprised, that it is our desire that that information shall be widely disseminated.

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May I ask whether consideration is being given as to the desirability of prohibiting public meetings?

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asked the President of the Board of Education whether, in view of the continued spread of influenza, he will state what is the view of the Medical Department of the Board regarding the advisability of closing schools at the first appearance of influenza in the school; and whether he thinks it desirable to issue some general advice as to what steps can be taken to prevent the spread of infection through the association of so many children?

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The closure of schools, or the exclusion from school of children suffering from infectious diseases, including influenza, is a matter which rests with the local education authorities or the governors of the schools concerned. Appropriate directions, issued by the Board of Education in conjunction with the Local Government Board, for the prevention of the spread of infectious diseases occurring among children attending public elementary schools have long been in the hands of all local education authorities and school medical officers. The wisdom or propriety of closure or other action is obviously dependent on the local conditions of the case, upon which it is, of course, impossible for the Board to pronounce. Among such conditions is the degree of prevalence and severity of the disease, as well as the home or other alternative circumstances of the children thus excluded from school. The case of each school must be determined on its merits. It is, of course, essential that all children suffering from catarrhal symptoms, feverishness, or other illness, should at the present juncture be at once excluded, and in many cases it will be found advisable to close the whole school, or at least departments or classes in the school. As a rule school closure is more effective in rural districts than in towns. Playgrounds should not remain open when schools are closed. As regards the second part of my hon. Friend's question, I have not up to the present thought it necessary to issue any general advice of the nature suggested by him. It is obviously impracticable to consider school children separately from other sections of the population which are not within the province of the Board of Education.

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Is the right hon. Gentleman aware that the result of closing schools is that children run about the streets to play, and are more liable to contract the disease than if they are in warm buildings?

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That is one of the considerations to which allusion is made.

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asked the Under-Secretary of State to the Air Ministry whether a serious epidemic of influenza and septic pneumonia broke out at the Royal Air Force Camp at Blandford, Dorsetshire, in the week ending 19th October; whether the epidemic increased in virulence during the week ending 26th October; whether many hundreds of cases occurred last week and many deaths every day, mostly of very young lads; whether the medical arrangements have been utterly inadequate to deal with the epidemic; whether there has been and still is a grave insufficiency of doctors and nurses; whether the sick men are lying on very dirty straw mattresses, and whether there is an utter lack of necessaries and comforts of every description, and especially a great dearth of utensils, crockery, bedding, and blankets; whether there has been any organisation of local supplies and local assistance; whether the Dorsetshire Red Cross have been called upon to give help; whether all last week, when the epidemic was at its height, hundreds of fresh men and young lads were arriving daily in this infected camp; whether fresh men are still being sent to the camp, and what steps are now being taken to deal with the situation?

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The prevailing influenza epidemic reached Blandford Camp on 21st September, and has continued to the present date. The number of cases increased in the week ending 26th October, during which 252 cases were reported; of these 198 were sent to hospital. The number of deaths since 21st September is fifty-nine. The average daily strength of the camp is about 15,000. Since the epidemic started five additional doctors and nineteen additional nurses have been sent to deal with the situation. The hospital accommodation has been materially extended, and recourse has been had to semi-official agencies. My information does not bear out the suggestion that sick men are allowed to lie on dirty straw mattresses, and everything possible is being done to provide necessaries and comforts. For administrative reasons, independent of the epidemic, the drafting of recruits to the camp has been stopped for a period of one week.

Food Supplies

Subsidies

58.

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asked the Chancellor of the Exchequer whether the extension of the system of subsidy now applied to bread is in contemplation in reference to any other articles of food; and, if so, whether the financial consideration involved will be referred before final decision to the Select Committee on National Expenditure?

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The answer to the first part of the question is in the negative; the second part does not, therefore, arise.

Pigs

80.

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asked the President of the Board of Agriculture if he will state whether any arrangements have been made or will be made to compensate cottagers who were induced to buy young pigs for rearing and who in many instances are now obliged to abandon them on account of the necessary food not being forthcoming?

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No undertaking has been given that supplies of concentrated feeding-stuffs would continue to be available for pigs. The Board's encouragement of pig-keeping was confined to urging the fullest utilisation of waste, green food, and other materials which do not involve a draft upon the limited supplies of imported foods. I cannot agree with the hon. Baronet that any question of compensation for pig owners really arises.

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Has the hon. Gentleman not stated that these cottagers can rear these pigs without some form of concentrated pig-food, irrespective of refuse?

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Yes; I think it is quite possible. I am doing it myself.

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Did not the hon. Gentleman invite cottagers to rear pigs, and will he not now provide food to keep the pigs?

Workmen's Compensation Act

59.

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asked the Chancellor of the Exchequer if his attention has been drawn to the amount paid under the Workmen's Compensation Act; if he is aware that the amounts for accidents and deaths are the same as were paid in pre-war days; and if he will take into consideration the reduction in the purchasing power of the sovereign, which is estimated to be 75 per cent., and have the amounts awarded under the Workmen's Compensation Act increased accordingly?

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I would refer the hon. Member to the answer which I gave to the hon. Member for South-West Ham on this subject on Wednesday last.

Banking Profits

60.

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asked the Chancellor of the Exchequer whether the Government, in view of the business of banking being a monopoly and in order to circumvent the danger of a money trust, will consider the desirability of limiting the profits to 5 per cent. on the paid up capital of banks; and whether the Government, in view of the money assistance given to Germany before the War, will call upon the great bank amalgamations to discount no German bills for some years after the War?

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I do not think it is possible to take either of the steps suggested.

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Can the hon. Gentleman explain why it is not possible when similar steps are taken with regard to other interests?

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It would take a longer reply than could be given in answer to a question.

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Will the hon. Gentleman send me a written reply?

National Debt

61.

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asked the Chancellor of the Exchequer whether he will state the total amount of the National Debt on the latest available date?

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The deadweight National Debt outstanding on the 30th September was approximately £6,875,000,000.

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Does that include floating Debt? Will the hon. Gentleman let us have the information?

Officers' Decoration (Territorial Force)

62.

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asked the Under-Secretary of State for War whether, in view of the recent decision of the Army Council to allow non-commissioned officers and men of the force to count their war service as double in reckoning the number of years necessary to serve to qualify for the efficiency medal, while a similar concession is denied to the officers in reckoning the number of years necessary to serve to qualify for the Terri- torial decoration, he will consider putting the officers on the same footing as the men as regards counting war service?

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It has been decided that war service shall count double in reckoning the number of years service necessary to qualify for the Territorial Force Officers' Decoration, and the necessary instructions are in preparation.

Soldiers' Leave

63.

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asked the Under-Secretary of State for War if he will say who is responsible for the granting of leave to soldiers; if he is aware that soldiers in Irish regiments are not receiving the same treatment as soldiers in English and Welsh regiments; if he is aware that soldiers in these regiments have received two and three leaves to one granted to those in Irish regiments; if he is aware that many Irish soldiers have not received a leave since the outbreak of war; and if he will take steps to see that Irish soldiers with good conduct shall receive a leave at or before Christmas this year?

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As I have already informed my hon. Friend on previous occasions, there is no truth in the suggestion that Irish soldiers are treated less favourably in the matter of leave than their comrades from other parts of the United Kingdom. As regards the arrangements for the granting of leave generally. I would refer him to the several replies which I have given recently to questions on the subject.

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May I ask the right hon. Gentleman whether he drew the attention of the hon. Member who put this question down to the fact that false statements of this kind are calculated to cause great discontent in the Service, and did he ask him to withdraw it?

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The hon. Member put this question down several times. It is not my duty to point this out to him.

General Election

Position Of Soldiers

66.

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asked the Under-Secretary of State for War if he can say what the position of Service officers, who are serving in their own districts and are presidents or chairmen of political associations, will be during an election; if they will be allowed to act in their political capacity without Service restrictions; and if they will be given leave for the period of the election?

68.

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asked the Under-Secretary of State for War whether he can state, in view of a General Election, if soldiers who happen to be home on leave and in khaki during the time of the election, will be allowed to canvass voters in favour of any candidate, or attend and address meetings of any kind in the interest of any candidates, or will they be prohibited under Army Regulations to take part in an election?

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The War Cabinet decided some time ago that Regulation 451 should be vigorously enforced. Candidates, however, prospective and adopted, are having special leave facilities granted to them for the election. The same applies to duly accredited agents.

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Does that mean that those officers who are chairmen of organisations will not be allowed to act?

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Not as chairmen.

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Can the right hon. Gentleman answer my question as to whether soldiers on leave will be allowed to take any part in the election?

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I answered both questions together.

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Do I understand the right hon. Gentleman to say that leave has already been granted to Members of Parliament and other candidates for the next election?

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What I have said is that I have made arrangements that candidates likely to be adopted in the immediate future will be allowed, if in the United Kingdom or in France, special leave to appear before associations. When a candidate has been adopted he will be allowed eight clear days' leave before the issue of the writ, and in all he will receive about 28 days' leave so as to make arrangements and hear the declaration of the poll.

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Does that refer to Members of Parliament like the hon. and gallant Member for Stoke-on-Trent (Colonel John Ward) who is in Siberia, and would require more than 28 days' notice to get home?

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That of course is an exceptional case. It is a very difficult problem, and I had to consider exceptional cases, and the general cases. I tried to make a rule which, I understood would be acceptable to the various parties. With regard to the exception mentioned of the hon. and gallant Member for Stoke-on-Trent, I am quite certain that whether he is absent or present he will be elected.

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Does the answer mean that no officer at home on leave, who is not a candidate or an agent, may speak at the General Election?

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Certainly.

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But does the rule apply to privates as well as to officers?

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Certainly.

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What length of leave is to be given to agents?

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The arrangement which I have sanctioned is as follows—that agents will be given their leave at the same time as candidates, namely, eight clear days before the issue of the writ, and they will be allowed six weeks beyond the declaration of the poll, because I am informed—indeed, I know it to be the case—that a great many matters, monetary and otherwise, have to be cleared up after the election.

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Will persons so allowed leave be allowed their pay during leave?

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I cannot say that. That raises a very difficult question. The question must be faced by my right hon. Friend and colleague the Financial Secretary, whether leave is to be granted with pay or without pay, and that particular side of the question has yet to be considered by the Army Council.

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Are we going to have an election?

Baghdad Hospitals (Beer)

67.

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asked the Under-Secretary of State for War whether he is aware that the hospitals in Bagdad are entirely without a supply of beer, so that the patients when ordered such by the medical officer are quite unable to obtain it, whereas the messes of the officers of regiments stationed there have beer, wine, and spirits on their tables in abundance; and, if so, will he see that orders are sent out for more equal distribution?

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I have telegraphed for information, and will communicate with my hon. Friend as soon as possible.

Skittles Inn, Letchworth

69.

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asked the Under-Secretary of State for War whether an unlicensed house known as the Skittles Inn, Letchworth, has recently been commandeered by the Army Council; whether he can, consistently with the public interest, say for what purpose these premises are required; whether they are the only premises in the nature of a public house in Letchworth, and are much used for meals and for meetings of friendly societies and trade unions, and so forth; and whether his attention has been called to the protests that have been made in Letchworth against the taking of these premises, seeing that there are no other premises available in Letchworth for the purposes hitherto served by the Skittles Inn, and that a number of licensed houses within a few miles radius have not been interfered with?

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This inn was taken over by the War Office at the request of the Aeronautical Supplies Department, to provide accommodation for certain workpeople which it had been found impossible to obtain otherwise. Various protests against the taking over of the inn have been received, and are at present being considered.

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Is the right hon. Gentleman aware that the inhabitants state that other accommodation is available?

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All these relevant facts will be taken into consideration now.

Special Distinction (1914 Service)

71.

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asked the Under-Secretary of State for War whether any steps have been taken to provide a special decoration for those who joined the Regular Army or the Territorial Force after the outbreak of hostilities and before the 1st January, 1915; and, if not, whether it is the intention of the Government to provide these men with any special distinction?

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This point will be borne in mind in considering the grant of medals for the present War, but I can make no promise in regard to the matter.

Courts-Martial (Copy Of Proceedings)

73.

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asked the Under-Secretary of State for War if a soldier who has been tried by district court-martial for overstaying his leave is entitled under King's Regulations to a copy of the proceedings of the court-martial and to the return of a medical certificate he has produced as evidence in his defence if he applies for them?

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A soldier who has been tried by district court-martial is entitled on demand, at any time within three years after confirmation of the finding and sentence, to obtain a copy of the proceedings from the Judge Advocate-General, on payment for the same at the prescribed rate A medical certificate produced by him in evidence would be returned on application after the proceedings have been reviewed.

Baku Evacuation

74.

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asked the Under-Secretary of State for War whether he is aware that the official communication sent to the Press on 20th September charged the Armenians in Baku with having negotiated to hand over the town to our enemies; whether the negotiations in question were, in fact, entered into by the advice of General Dunsterville; and, if so, how the original statement came to be made without that vital qualification?

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The report that appeared in the Press on the 20th September made no charge, but was confined to a statement of facts as known at the time. In an extract of his dispatch received subsequently, General Dunsterville stated that he had advised the Armenians to negotiate with the Turks when he realised that the fall of the town was imminent.

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Is the right hon. Gentleman aware that this report as a whole very clearly did convey imputations against the Armenians?

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I do not think so, and I cannot at the moment add anything to the answer I have given.

Regimental Paymasters

79.

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asked the Financial Secretary to the War Office if he is aware that soldiers on active service have reason to complain that regimental paymasters are inconsiderate in regard to the lack of simplicity and legibility of their communications to wives and dependants as well as in regard to unnecessary repetitions of requests for information, as, for instance, the regimental paymaster, Royal Army Medical Corps, Woking, who recently inquired of a soldier's wife what relation her children were to her husband, and if she was drawing any other allowance in respect to any other soldier, although during the three years' service of the soldier in question the marriage certificate and all the children's birth certificates had previously been sent to the paymaster for inspection on more than one occasion; if he will make inquiries into these matters; and, particularly, if he will ensure that regimental paymasters cease to communicate with soldiers' wives and dependants by means of pencilled letters instead of by means of letters plainly written in ink or typewritten?

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I have no reason to think that regimental paymasters are inconsiderate in their communications to soldiers' wives, though there may be individual failures in isolated instances. If the hon. Member will give me the name of the soldier's wife referred to, I will have the matter inquired into and let him know the result. It would be quite impossible to provide typists and machines to cope with all the correspondence in pay offices. Pencil is used instead of ink, as it allows of the necessary carbon copies being made for retention in the offices.

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May I ask the right hon. Gentleman whether a pencil is used in communicating with officers and officers' relatives?

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I think so. The pencil is used very generally throughout the Army.

Munitions

Woodworkers Strike

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asked the Minister of Munitions whether the whole of the wood-workers employed at the munition works in the Birkenhead and Liverpool district are on strike, and, if so, will he state the cause of the strike, and what steps he is taking in the matter.

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A number of wood-workers in the Liverpool district are on strike against the introduction of a system of payment by results at a national factory in that area. This system was introduced at the request of the men in the factory. Negotiations were taking place between the Ministry and the National Aircraft Committee, but certain of the men in the district in works other than the factory in question ceased work whilst the negotiations were proceeding. It is hoped that work will be immediately resumed, but, if not, the Government will take such action as the circumstances require.

Bill Presented

Licensed Stockbrokers (Ireland) Bill,

"to make provision with respect to the rate of brokerage or commission fees of Licensed Stockbrokers in Ireland on dealings in Government stocks or securities," presented by the ATTORNEY-GENERAL FOR IRELAND; to be read a second time To-morrow, and to be printed. [Bill 101.]

Emergency Legislation

Ordered, That Mr. Mooney and Mr. Brady be discharged from the Select Committee.

Ordered, That Mr. Boland and Mr. Scanlan be added to the Committee.—[ Colonel Sanders.]