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Written Answers

Volume 237: debated on Tuesday 25 March 1930

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Written Answers

Unemployment

Tottenham

asked the Lord Privy Seal how many applications have been received by his Department from Tottenham; and how many have been acceded to and the total 'amount of money involved?

No formal application for grant has been received from the Tottenham Urban District Council by the Unemployment Grants Committee, but they are in communication with the council in regard to a scheme that is under contemplation. The council are also in consultation with the Ministry of Transport in regard to two road schemes.

Lea Valley Drainage

asked the Lord Privy Seal if he has received an application with regard to the Lea Valley drainage scheme; and what his intentions are towards this work?

No formal application for grant has yet been made to the Unemployment Grants Committee in respect of this scheme, but I am in consultation with the various authorities concerned.

Artificial Silk Industry

asked the Lord Privy Seal if his attention has been called to the increase in unemployment in the artificial silk industry, of which mention is made in the Ministry of Labour Gazette for March; and whether he has any proposals to mitigate it?

I would refer the hon. and gallant Member to the reply given to-day to a similar question relating to the motor vehicle manufacturing trade.

Statistics

asked the Minister of Labour what are the percentages of registered unemployed persons whose normal occupations are concerned with production, clerical work and distribution, respectively?

I regret that the three classes in question are not separately distinguished in the available statistics of employment and unemployment.

asked the Minister of Labour how many cotton operatives are employed in the manufacture of textiles for motor tyres?

As was stated in the reply to the hon. and gallant Member on 10th December last, separate statistics in respect of these workers are not available.

Motor-Cycle Industry (Wages)

asked the Minister of Labour if she will supply complete quarterly average figures of wages for the years 192.4 to 1929, inclusive, in the motor-cycle industry?

I regret that statistics of average wages in this section of the engineering industry are not available for the years 1924–1929.

Royal Navy

Rosters

asked the First Lord of the admiralty whether general request No. 52, of the 1924 Inter-Port Welfare Conference has been approved by Admiralty Fleet Order, 1,411, of 7th June, 1929; whether sea service and foreign service have been introduced in addition to home service; and, if so, when it is proposed to compile the new rosters and draft ratings from them?

The answer to the first part of the question is in the negative. If the second part of the question refers to rosters for sea service and foreign service the answer is in the negative, and the third part of the question does not arise.

Branch.1929.1930
Commissioned Officers from Warrant rank.Warrant Officers.Commissioned Officers from Warrant rank.Warrant Officers.
Royal Navy—
Gunner295108295116
Gunner (T)2168321583
Boatswain85248524
Senior Mates, P.C.S.22
Officer for photographic duties11
Signal Boatswain 19191919
Telegraphist29392939
Regulating21039
Shipwright94259424
Ordnance10201020
Electrical31243124
Engineer144290141301
Mechanician115115
Wardmaster413413
Writer10311031
Supply15401540
Cookery6565
Schoolmasters4112941129
(Senior Masters)(Senior Masters)
65
(Commissioned officers from warrant rank(Commissioned officers from warrant rank
Keeper and Steward of Royal Cabin11
Shore Signal Service127107
Shore Wireless Service1517
Royal Marines
Sergeants Major4655
Superintending Clerks2956
R.M. Gunners14414*4
School masters3737
Bandmasters, etc., Royal Naval School of Music.1138
* Will reduce to 10 during year.
NOTE.—As the numbers asked for are numbers borne on the strength, Officers last to Dominions, etc., are excluded, as they are supernumerary to establishment, and are also not included in Vote A.

Warrant Officers

asked the First Lord of the Admiralty how many warrant officers and commissioned officers from warrant rank in each branch of the Navy were borne on the strength in 1929 and will be borne in 1930?

The numbers of warrant officers and commissioned officers from warrant rank borne on the strength in the various branches of the Royal Navy and Royal Marines on 15th March, 1930, the latest date available for the financial year 1929, and the numbers estimated for the financial year 1930, are as follow:

Wages, Chatham Dockyard

asked the First Lord of the Admiralty what were the amounts paid in wages in Chatham Dockyard during the years 1924, 1925, 1926, 1927, 1928 and 1929?

The amounts paid in wages at Chatham Dockyard during the years mentioned in the question are as follow:

£
19241,297,228
19251,387,854
19261,390,842
19271,277,243
19281,179,872
1929 (estimated)1,188,500

Agriculture

Oats

asked the Minister of Agriculture what was the estimated quantity of home-produced oats in each of the years 1927, 1928 and 1929; and what percentage this formed of the imported quantities?

The following statement shows the relation of home-production and imports of oats to the total supply for the years 1927, 1928 and 1929. The figures relate to the United Kingdom:

1927.1928.1929.
Thousands of Tons.
Home Production2,2402,4242,564
Imports295372353
Total of above2,5352,7962,917
Per cent.Per cent.Per cent.
Home Production88·486·787·9
Imports …11·613·312·1
Total …100·0100·0100·0

asked the Minister of Agriculture what were the quantities of oats imported into this country during the years 1927, 1928 and 1929, which were directly or indirectly receiving a subsidy, or where the natural market price was lowered by Government assistance?

The only country in which the export of oats was stimulated by Government action during the years 1927, 1928 and 1929, and from which imports were received in this country during those years was Germany. Imports of oats from Germany amounted to 151,294 cwt. in 1927; 1,148,317 cwt. in 1928; and 2,488,557 cwt. in 1929.

Credits

asked the Minister of Agriculture the number of applications made under the terms of the Agricultural Credits Act, 1928, to the Agricultural Mortgage Corporation for land purchase and to the Agricultural Mortgage Corporation for improvements, respectively; the number of these applications approved and the sums of money involved in each class; the number and amount of short-term charges on farming stock and assets registered at the Land Registry under Part II of the 1928 Act; and the financial terms of the loans in all classes?

Applications for loans under Part I of the Agricultural Credits Act, 1928, received by the Agricultural Mortgage Corporation up to the close of business on Tuesday, 18th March, 1930, were as follow:

£
Loans on Mortgage (2,533)9,072,912
Improvement Loans (99)113,832
£9,186,744
These applications have been dealt with as follow:

Loans completed.
£
Loans on Mortgage (1,333)4,054,630
Improvement Loans (20)8,770
£4,063,400
In addition, the following have been approved by the directors of the Corporation subject to satisfactory completion of the formalities:

£
Loans on Mortgage (339)1,377,160
Improvement Loans (15)19,650
£1,396,810

I have no information as to what proportion of the mortgage loans were required for the purchase of land or for the repayment of existing loans. I am sending to my hon. Friend a copy of a circular issued by the Corporation setting out the terms on which long-term loans may be granted under Part I of the Act. The number of agricultural charges created under Part II of the Act from 1st October, 1928, up to and including Saturday, 22nd March, 1930, was 2,052, standing in the names of 2,444 farmers. The financial terms upon which a bank may lend to a farmer on the security of an agricultural charge under Part II of the Act are matters for arrangement between the bank and the borrower.

Potatoes (Import)

asked the Minister of Agriculture what quantities and values of Algerian-grown potatoes have been imported into this country from the 1st January, 1930, to the present time, or the latest date that he can give; and the quantities and value in 1927, 1928, and 1929 for the corresponding period?

It is not possible to distinguish imports of potatoes according to country of origin. The following statement, however, shows the quantities and declared value of the imports of potatoes into the United Kingdom direct from Algeria during the two months of January and February of each of the years 1927 to 1930:

Year.January to February.
Quantity.Declared Value.
Cwts.£
19275,3597,012
19288,55615,405
19296,7698,031
19305,5375,768

asked the Minister of Agriculture if there are any international agreements in existence which would prevent the Government, if they so desired, prohibiting the importation of foreign potatoes; and, if so, if he will give the wording of such agreements, the date of the signature, and the date on which they expire?

Such a prohibition would be in conflict with the provisions of the International Convention for the abolition of Import and Export prohibitions and restrictions. The text of this instrument has been issued as a White Paper (Command 3502), and the hon. Member will find in that document information as to the various relevant dates. It would also conflict with the provisions of Article 10 of the Anglo-German Treaty of Commerce and Clause 3 of the Protocol thereto. The text of the Treaty and Protocol, which were signed on 2nd December, 1924, and can now be terminated by either party at any time at 12 months' notice, will be found in Command 2520. So long as either of these engagements remains in force no similar prohibition could be enforced against any other of the numerous countries, which are entitled to most-favoured nation treatment in respect of prohibitions of importation, by virtue of the treaties in force with the countries concerned.

Government Policy

asked the Chancellor of the Exchequer if, in view of the agricultural depression involving land going out of cultivation and farm workers losing their employment, he will consider, in framing his financial proposals for the coming year, what financial assistance the industry may need, especially bearing in mind the recommendation of the agricultural conference, now sitting, that steps should be taken to assure to the farmer a remunerative price for his cereals?

I do not know what assistance the hon. Member has in mind, but I can hold out no prospect of food taxes or subsidies.

Potato Diseases

asked the Minister of Agriculture if any cases of mosaic or other leaf-potato diseases have been found in this country during the last three years; and, if so, what steps he has taken to prevent the importation of such diseases in foreign supplies?

The answer to the first part of the question is in the affirmative; mosaic and other virus diseases of the potato have been present in this country for well over a century. I am advised that the risk of increased loss of crop due to those diseases through the importation of foreign potatoes is negligible.

Post Office

Wireless Telephony

asked the Postmaster-General when and upon what occasion the views of Signor Marconi on wireless telephony were submitted to two independent experts; and what was the nature of the Report of those experts?

The hon. Member will find copies of the Report of the experts, together with the questions submitted to them, in the White Paper published yesterday.

Telephone Exchanges (Visit, Members Of Parliament)

asked the Postmaster-General whether he will make arrangements for Members of Parliament, who wish to do so, to see the operation of a telephone exchange?

I shall be pleased to do this. The nearest manual exchange to the House of Commons is Victoria Exchange, and I have made arrangements that any Member of Parliament who wishes to see the exchange shall be shown round. The busiest hours when the exchange can be seen at full operation are between 10 a.m. and 12 noon, and between 3 and 4 p.m. It will be convenient if Members would send a telephone message in advance to the supervisor, but this is not essential. I may add that the Telephone Directory contains a. cordial invitation to every subscriber to visit his own exchange.

Aviation

West Indies And British Guiana

asked the Under-Secretary of State for Air what steps have been taken to carry out the Report of the 1927 Committee on Civil Air Transport in the West Indies and British Guiana; what steps are still in contemplation; and whether any foreign enterprise is functioning there or in British Honduras?

The Report to which the hon. and gallant Member refers dealt only with the question of opportunities for civil aviation in the West Indies and it rested with private enterprise to come forward with proposals for making use of such opportunities as the Committee considered to exist. Certain proposals to this end have been made but have not matured owing to financial difficulties. My Noble Friend is anxious to further the establishment of British civil air services in this region by all possible means, so far as financial limitations permit. As regards the action taken for this purpose by the Air Ministry, I would refer to my remarks during the course of the Air Estimates Debate on the 18th March [FOFFICIAL REPORT, Columns 1999 and 2022–3]. The answer to the last part of the question is in the affirmative; the American aircraft in question traverse the West Indies and British Guiana in the course of air services between the United States and South America, and one of the companies operates also over British Honduras.

Civil Aircraft (Statistics)

asked the Under-Secretary of State for Air the number of civil aircraft registered in Great Britain and Northern Ireland as at the last convenient date; and the number which have been granted certificates of airworthiness?

The number of civil aircraft registered in Great Britain and Northern Ireland on 28th February last was 646; of these 443 held current certificates of airworthiness.

India

Returned Emigrants, South Africa

asked the Secretary of State for India whether any provision is made by the Government of India for the financial assistance of Indian repatriates from South Africa to aid these repatriates to a settled life on their arrival in India?

No provision is made by the Government of India for the grant of financial assistance to returned Indian emigrants from South Africa. The grant of such aid was not contemplated under paragraph 5 of Part I of the Cape Town Agreement, nor can it be considered necessary in view of the substantial bonus which returning emigrants receive under the scheme of assisted emigration from the Union Government. The special officer at Madras gives assistance on application in matters of finding employment and of the banking of moneys brought back by emigrants from South Africa.

Central Medical Research Institute

asked the Secretary of State for India what is the present position in respect of the proposal of the Government of India to remove the Indian Central Medical Research Institute to Dehra Dun?

I am sending my hon. and gallant Friend a copy of a debate in the Indian Legislative Assembly on 8th February, from which he will see that the decision to locate the institute at Dehra Dun is to be reconsidered.

Broadcasting

asked the Secretary of State for India particulars in respect of the arrangements made by the Government of India for the taking over and development of broadcasting in India?

I can add little at present to the answer given to the hon. and gallant Member for Chelmsford (Colonel Howard-Bury) on 3rd March, as the Government of India's intentions are necessarily provisional at this stage. They are applying to the Legislative Assembly for funds to cover the expenditure involved in acquiring property and continuing broadcasting during the current year, amounting to Rs.3,00,000 for purchase of assets and Rs.30,000 for other expenses. Provision has also been made in the Budget for a net estimated loss of Rs.1,41,000 during 1930–31.

Trades Union Act

asked the Secretary of State for India if he has received an answer to his inquiry of the Government of India as to the extent to which freedom of association obtains in Indian territories under ruling princes; and whether, since the enactment of the Indian Trades Union Act in British India, similar legislation has been adopted in any of the Indian States?

Naval And Military Pensions And Grants

Seven Years' Limit

asked the Minister of Pensions how many applications for the reconsideration of pension: cases have been received by his Department since the announcement of the Government's policy with regard to the seven years' limit; how the number of these applications compares with the number received during the similar period 12 months previously; and what proportion of the recent applications have been acceded to?

With regard to the first and last parts of the question, I would refer the hon. and gallant Member to the reply which I gave yesterday to the hon. and gallant Member for Carnarvon (Major Owen) of which I am sending him a copy. With regard to the second part. of the question, comparable figures for any preceding period for this class of case are not available, but the number of cases dealt with is now, 1 believe, substantially higher than before.

Medical Treatment Allowances

asked the Minister of Pensions whether, in the case of a man who is separated from his wife and children and a magistrate's order for maintenance has been made against him, he will consider granting treatment allowances in respect of the separated wife and children of a pensioner who is undergoing a course of treatment?

Allowances during a course of medical treatment are not ordinarily payable to a man in respect of members of his family not in fact being maintained by him in his own home. Consideration is, however, given to any exceptional case where a man is in consequence of treatment unable without assistance to continue support which he was otherwise giving to such persons.

Trade And Commerce

Import And Export Prohibitions

asked the President of the Board of Trade whether, in view of the increased public interest in the policy of controlled imports and the desirability of having all facts relating to it in a simple form, he will reconsider his decision not to publish a White Paper setting forth the foreign obligations entered into by this country restricting their rights to control their own imports?

I am afraid I am still of opinion that I should not be justified in incurring the expense which would be involved in preparing and publishing such a White Paper. I may add that the International Convention on Import and Export Prohibitions referred to in my previous reply to the hon. Member on this subject has now been published in the Treaty Series (Cmd. 3502).

Electric Lamps (Price)

asked the President of the Board of Trade whether he is aware of the high cost of electric lamps and its detrimental effect upon rural electrification in this country as compared with other foreign countries; and if he is prepared to take steps to inquire into the causes?

Whilst any reduction in the price of electrical apparatus generally would no doubt be of assistance to rural electrification, I have no reason to suppose that the present price of electric lamps is such as to constitute by itself any serious obstacle to that process. Should, however, the, hon. Member have any evidence to that effect, I should be happy to consider it.

Musical Instruments

asked the President of the Board of Trade if he will supply complete quarterly average figures of production and prices, for the years 1924 to 1929, inclusive, of musical instruments?

Education (School-Leaving Age)

asked the President of the Board of Education whether any decision has been made as to the date upon which the raising of the school age will come into operation in England and Wades; and, if so, whether he is now in a position to state the date?

The Bill which my right hon. Friend has introduced provides for the raising of the school-leaving age as from 1st April, 1931.

Imperial Economic Conference

asked the Prime Minister if he can now make any definite statement as to the convocation this year of the Imperial Economic Conference; and what steps are being taken to prepare the agenda for this year if such a meeting is to be held?

The question whether there should be an Imperial Economic Conference separate from the Imperial Conference has been considered in consultation with His Majesty's Governments in the Dominions. It has been generally agreed that it would be more advantageous to organise the discussions on the basis of a single Conference, as in 1926, though the economic subjects would, of course, be kept together as a separate section of the agenda. As I have previously announced, the Conference will meet on 30th September; its agenda is now under discussion between the Governments.

House Of Commons (Refresh-Ment Department)

asked the hon. Member for Gorton, as Chairman of the Kitchen Committee, if the table linen used in the House of Commons is of British manufacture?

asked the hon. Member for the Gorton Division, as Chairman of the Kitchen Committee, if his attention has been drawn to the fact that some of the tablecloths in the House of Commons were made in Czechoslovakia; and, having regard to the condition of the cotton and allied trades in this country, will he take steps in future to see that purchases of such requirements be made of British productions?

My attention has been drawn to the statement that some of the tablecloths in the House of Commons were made in Czechoslovakia. I can assure the hon. Member that the Kitchen Committee have for many years purchased their table linen, etc., either direct or through the agents of a well-known firm of linen manufacturers in Belfast, and in all good faith have assumed that the goods supplied were of British manufacture.

Scotland

Housing (Slates)

asked the Secretary of State for Scotland how long the Department of Agriculture has persisted in refusing slates for the houses erected or subvented by them in Scotland, and insists instead that they should use asbestos slates made abroad; and whether he is aware that this practice has resulted it heavy loss to the slate quarries and those employed therein?

The hon. and learned Member is under a misapprehension. So far as I am aware, no foreign-made slates are used in these cases. The Department does not debar landholders from using Scottish or Welsh slates, but in the Highlands and Islands the Department's assistance is restricted to the cost of supplying British-made asbestos slates, which are cheaper and of equal durability.

Marriage Laws

asked the Secretary of State for Scotland whether his attention has been called to a marriage at Gretna, on 26th February, of two London persons neither of whom had any qualifying residence in Scotland, although one claimed to have such by having temporarily resided in Berwick-on-Tweed; and whether, in view of the consequences 4 such pseudo marriages, he proposes to take any steps to protect English persons, and more particularly English girls, from the activity of those trading in the conduct of such marriages at Gretna and elsewhere in Scotland?

My attention had not previously been called to the case referred to, but I have since seen a newspaper report of it. Recent legislation such as the Workmen's Compensation Acts and the various insurance and pensions Acts render it desirable that the fact of marriage should be definitely ascertainable, and I am inclined to think that public opinion in Scotland may turn in favour of some amendment of our existing marriage laws. The matter is receiving my attention.

Land Drainage

asked the Secretary of State for Scotland what has been the total expenditure to date out of national and local public funds, respectively, in connection with land drainage?

Since 1921 the Department of Agriculture for Scotland have administered schemes under which grants have been given to applicants in aid of expenditure on the drainage of agricultural land. The total amount of grants paid to date in respect of works approved by the Department is £165,495. The balance of the expenditure borne by applicants themselves in respect of the same works is estimated at £254,000. No information is available in regard to expenditure on land drainage met from local public funds.

Beet-Sugar Subsidy

asked the Secretary of State for Scotland what has been the total amount of the beet-sugar subsidy paid in Scotland to date?

The total amount of subsidy paid in Scotland to date in terms of the British Sugar (Subsidy) Act, 1925, is £276,493.

Small Holdings

asked the Secretary of State for Scotland what is the amount of the expenditure incurred since 1918 out of moneys voted by Parliament in establishing and enlarging small holdings in Scotland; what proportion of that expenditure is not recoverable either in rents payable or by debt redemption or otherwise; and what is the area and the number of small holdings that have been established or enlargely, respectively?

The total amount of expenditure incurred in establishing and enlarging small holdings in Scotland in the period 1st April. 1919, to 31st December, 1929, was £4,193,369, of which £732,659 may be regarded as irrecoverable. The number of small holdings and enlargements formed in the same period was 2,447 and 1,319 respectively, the total area involved being 476,443 acres.

School-Leaving Age

asked the Secretary of State for Scotland what additional accommodation will be needed if the school-leaving age is raised on 1st April, 1931; how many additional teachers will be required; and what it is estimated the total cost will be, including the proposed maintenance allowances?

The additional number of children for whom accommodation will be needed is estimated at 50,000; the number of additional teachers that will be required at 2,000. The total additional annual expenditure involved, including loan charges on capital expenditure, teachers' salaries, other expenses of maintenance and maintenance allowances is estimated at £1,500,000. The Noble Lady will understand that these estimates are only provisional. The additional requirements will depend not only upon the number of children added to the school rolls but also upon modifications in school organisation which are still being carefully considered by the education authorities.

Coal Industry

Anthracite Coal (Canada)

asked the Secretary for Mines whether his attention has been called to the fact that recently a large order for anthracite coal has been placed by a Canadian firm with Russia, and that the reason given for this is that the Welsh supplies cannot keep pace with the demand; whether he is satisfied that the maximum possible rate of production of anthracite coal in Great Britain has been attained; and, if not, what are the difficulties standing in the way of such increased rate?

I have seen the reports in the Press to the effect that larger orders have been placed from Canada for supplies of Russian anthracite, and I have also seen in the Press the denial on behalf of Amalgamated Anthracite Collieries, Ltd., of the suggestion that this was due to a failure during last year on the part of Welsh exporters of anthracite to fulfil their orders. I am assured by the principal producers of anthracite coal in this country that they fully appreciate the present position in the Canadian market, and that all necessary steps are being taken to see that production keeps pace with the demand.

Veterinary Surgeons

asked the Secretary for Mines at how many collieries qualified veterinary surgeons are regularly employed; and what steps his Department has taken in recent years to induce colliery companies who are remiss in this matter to engage qualified veterinary surgeons, particularly where a large number of pit ponies or horses are employed underground?

I regret that the information asked for in the first part of the question is not available. With regard to the second part, it is the invariable practice of His Majesty's inspectors to urge upon colliery managements the desirability of properly qualified veterinary supervision in eases where horses are employed to any considerable extent; and although no precise statistics are available, I have good reason to believe that this advice is being followed in the vast majority of cases.

British Army

Colonial Allowance, Sudan

asked the Secretary of State for War on what grounds a reduction has been made in the Colonial allowances for officers and men serving in the Sudan; and whether the cost of living in the Sudan and comparative figures for Egypt, Iraq, Aden, etc., were taken into consideration before this decision was reached?

The rates of Colonial allowance recently fixed for the Sudan were based on a comparison between the cost-of-living at home and the cost-of-living in the Sudan as shown by information furnished by the local military authorities. The rates will be reviewed in July next.

Royal Arsenal (Explosives Work, Youths)

asked the Financial Secretary to the War Office the number of youths below the age of 18 employed in the explosives section of the Royal Arsenal at Woolwich?

Approximately 150 male employés under 18 years of age are engaged at War Department establishments at the Royal Arsenal, on explosives work, but included in this number are various employés engaged on such work as the weighing, gauging and packing of completed small arms cartridges.

Royal Air Force (Colonial Allowance, Sudan)

asked the Under-Secretary of State for Air on what grounds a reduction has been made in the Colonial allowance for officers and men serving in the Sudan; and whether the cost of living in the Sudan and comparative figures for Egypt, Iraq, Aden, etc., were taken into consideration before this decision was reached?

The rates, which are subject to periodical revision, were reduced on the basis of a comparison of the cost-of-living in the Sudan with the cost-of-living in this country.

Naturalisation (Simplified Procedure)

asked the Home Secretary whether he proposes to make changes in the procedure with a view to facilitating the naturalisation of aliens?

I hope shortly to introduce a simplified procedure as to applications for naturalisation. There will, of course, be no relaxation of the strict inquiry which is made in all cases before a certificate is granted; and I do not intend to ask Parliament to alter the statutory provisions in this matter.

Inland Revenue Department (Staff, Overtime)

asked the Financial Secretary to the Treasury the number of hours of paid overtime performed by the established clerical staff of the taxes branch of the Inland Revenue and the P-class and temporary staff, respectively, and the cost in each case, for the year ended 31st December, 1929; and the num- ber of hours of unpaid overtime recorded as having been worked by the taxes established clerical staff for the same period?

The following statement gives the information desired:

YEAR 1929.
No. of Hours.Cost.
Paid Overtime—£
Established Staff272,98631,884
"P" Class and Temporary Staff.167,40215,142
Unpaid Overtime—
Eastablished Staff130,531

Building Societies (Advances)

asked the Financial Secretary to the Treasury the amount that has been advanced on mortgage by building societies for the 12 months ended to the last convenient date; and are there any statistics which will show the average amount of interest charged on this money?

The Chief Registrar of Friendly Societies tells me that the latest information available relating to the total amount advanced on mortgage by building societies over a period of 12 months is contained in his Report for the year 1929, Part 5, Section II, pp. 76–77. The figure given is £58,664,684 and this relates approximately to the year 1928. No information is available as to the rate of interest charged on advances made.

Armaments

asked the Chancellor of the Exchequer if he can arrange to publish a memorandum showing the total expenditure on armed forts, other than expenditure on pensions and other non-effective services, by all the principal Powers for 1913 and each of the last six years?

As regards recent years, the hon. Member will find very full information in successive issues of the League of Nations Armaments Year Book. For 1913 certain particulars are to be found in the publication "Public Finance" issued by the League in 1920 for the International Financial Conference at Brussels.

Conversion Loan

asked the Chancellor of the Exchequer whether he can make any statement as to the issue of a new Conversion Loan?

Brewing Concerns (Estimated Profits)

asked the Chancellor of the Exchequer the profits of brewing concerns for the accounting years ended in the Income Tax year of 1928-29, including in addition to brewing profits any profits arising from the carrying on of any trade ancillary to the main business?

I am sending my hon. Friend a copy of the reply which I gave to the Noble Lady the Member for the Sutton Division of Plymouth (Viscountess Astor) on 20th March.

Taxation (United Kingdom, Germany And United States)

asked the Chancellor of the Exchequer what is the average taxation per head in sterling, for the latest year for which particulars are available, in the United Kingdom, Germany and the United States respectively, including the taxation levied in the German States and the States of the American Union?

The following table gives the information for which the right hon. Gentleman asks:

Taxation per head.
United Kingdom.Germany.States of America.
£s.d.£s.d.£s.d.
National, 1920–301515795669
States, 1926–27.*233276
151591288143
* Latest date for which official information appears to be available.