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India

Volume 309: debated on Monday 24 February 1936

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Mr S C Bose

1.

asked. the Under-Secretary of State for India under what conditions was Mr. Subhas Chandra Bose, a detenu in Bengal, permitted to leave India; and how has he been permitted to visit Ireland?

As my hon. Friend will be aware, Mr. Bose was permitted to leave India in order to receive particular medical treatment. The territorial validity of his passport was framed accordingly. The question of his admission to the Irish Free State is one for the Free State authorities.

Does the hon. Member think that any harm will come from Mr. Bose's visit to Ireland?

Can the Under-Secretary say whether he obtained medical treatment in Dublin?

Civil Service

2.

asked the Under-Secretary of State for India whether, in view of the unsatisfactory state of recruitment of British candidates for the Indian Civil Service in 1935, as reported by the Civil Service Commission, he proposes to take any action to restore the proportion of British to Indian recruits to the 50–50 ratio fixed in 1924?

Yes, Sir. My Noble Friend hopes to be in a position very shortly to make an announcement of the measures to be taken to restore the 50–50 ratio as soon as Part III of the Government of India Act, 1935, comes into force. If present expectations are fulfilled, it should be possible to make a beginning in 1937.

3.

asked the Under-Secretary of State for India whether he will bring up to date the numbers of British and Indian members, respectively, in the All-India Services, as compared with the last published Return which showed the composition of those services on 1st January, 1933?

I am circulating a statement showing the composition of the All-India Services on 1st January, 1935. Figures for 1st January, 1936, are not yet available.

Following is the statement:

Statement showing the composition of the All-India Services on 1st. January, 1935.
Service.Europeans.Indians.
Indian Civil Service (including incumbents of listed posts).756544
Indian Police495170
Indian Agricultural Service.3928
Indian Educational Service (Men's Branch)7564
Indian Educational Service(Women's Branch).113
Indian Forest Service18889
Indian Medical Service (Civil).205100
Indian Service of Engineers.268273
Indian Veterinary Service161
Total2,0531,272

China (Tientsin-Pukow Railway)

4.

asked the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs what has become of the special reserve fund which the Chinese Government set up for the purpose of paying in monthly instalments to meet the arrears due to the bondholders in the Tientsin-Pukow Railway; and whether payments into this fund are still being made?

I understand that the special reserve fund has been used for the service of the original and supplementary loan issues. So far payments have been made on coupons which were eleven years in arrear. Payments continue to be made into the fund, but in December last were 20 months behind the agreed schedule.

League Of Nations

6 and 21.

asked the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (1) whether His Majesty's Government or the League accept the position that any country unwilling to co-operate, or judged an aggressor, should indefinitely remain a member of the League without being subject to any penalty for default;

(2) whether any proposals have yet been under consideration to remove from the League those nations which are not prepared to keep the peace of the League or to co-operate in its preservation?

The point raised by the right hon. and gallant Gentleman is covered by Article 16 (4) of the Covenant, which provides that any member of the League which has violated any Covenant of the League may be declared to be no longer a member of the League by a vote of the Council concurred in by the representatives of all the other members of the League represented thereon.

British Trawlers (Norwegian Gun-Boats)

5.

asked the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs whether he is aware that three British trawlers, "Esquimaux," "Arkwright," and "Bunsen" have been molested by Norwegian gun-boats on the high seas outside of the red line; and whether, in view of the agreement come to between His Majesty's Government and the Norwegian Government, His Majesty's Government propose to take steps either to secure enforcement of the agreement or, alternatively, to afford protection to British vessels on the high seas?

I have seen copies of the statements by the skippers of these three trawlers in which they complained that Norwegian gun-boats have interfered with their fishery operations outside the "red line," which is the provisional limit observed in practice by British trawlers and by the Norwegian authorities since 1925. His Majesty's Minister at Oslo has been instructed to ask for information from the Norwegian Government regarding these incidents and to add that if the "red line" were not to be adhered to, a new situation would arise rendering it difficult to continue the negotiations at present in progress for a general settlement of the whole controversy.

Can the right hon. Gentleman say whether fishery cruisers are working in those waters?

Manchurian-Mongolian Frontier

7 and 8.

asked the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (1) whether he will make a statement with regard to the situation on the Manchukuo-Mongolian Frontier;

(2) whether he has any information regarding the incident on 12th February, when Japanese-Manchukuo troops were bombed at Olohodoka, in the territory of the Mongolian People's Republic?

There have during the past year been a number of skirmishes between small bodies of Mongol and Japanese-Manchurian troops along the border between Manchuria and Outer Mongolia. The details of the particular incidents referred to are still obscure, but I understand that neither the Soviet Government nor the Japanese Government are disposed to attach any undue importance to it, and that proposals have been put forward with the object of reducing the risk of further similar incidents.

Can the right hon. Gentleman say whether the Mongolian People's Republic is part of the Republic of China that has been stolen by the Soviet?