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Written Answers

Volume 320: debated on Monday 22 February 1937

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Written Answers

Unemployment

Special Areas (Population)

asked the Minister of Labour whether he will give the total population of the different areas which have been specially affected by industrial depression, as referred to in the Special Areas (Development and Improvement) Act, 1934, and also, as nearly as possible, the total number of insured workers and the number of unemployed in each of the different areas?

, pursuant to his reply (OFFICIAL REPORT, 29th January, 1937; cols. 1202–3, Vol. 319), supplied the following statement:Statistics of employment and unemployment among insured persons are not available for local authority areas. In the following table the figures relative to the total population in the areas named in the First Schedule to the Special Areas (Development and Improvement) Act, 1934, are in most cases those given in the relevant reports of the Registrars-General in respect of mid-1935.For persons insured under the Unemployment Insurance Acts statistics can be given only in respect of Employment Exchanges, and the areas served by these offices are not co-terminous with local authority areas. For the purpose of the table, however, Employment Exchanges have been arranged so as to indicate as nearly as possible the position in the Special Areas mainly served by them, and in some cases grouping of both Special Areas and Employment Exchanges has been necessary for this purpose.The extent to which differences occur between the local authority areas and the areas served by particular exchanges, or groups of exchanges, varies as between one area and another, and it is necessary to bear this in mind in making comparisons between the figures for total population and those in respect of insured persons.

Areas named in First Schedule to Special Areas (Development and Improvement) Act, 1934.Employment Exchanges which mainly serve the areas named in the first column.
Name.Estimated total population at mid-1935.Name.Approximate number of unemployment books of insured persons, aged 14–64 (excluding agricultural workers) exchanged at Employment Exchanges named—July, 1936.Number of insured persons aged 14–64 (exclusive of agricultural workers) recorded as unemployed 25th January 1937.

ENGLAND.

County Durham.

Sunderland C.B.; Durham M.B.; the urban districts of Barnard Castle; Ben-fieldside; Consett; Lead-gate; Bishop Auckland; Tow Law; Brandon and Byshottles; Chester-le-Street; Crook; Stanhope; Willington; Spennymoor; Hetton; Houghton-le-Spring; Seaham Harbour; Washington; Felling; Bllaydon; Whickham; Ryton; Shildon; Annfield Plain; Stanley; Tanfield; and the rural districts of Auckland; Barnard Castle; Chester-le-Street; Durham; Easington; Hough-ton-le-Spring; Lanchester; Sunderland; Weardale; Sedgefield; South Shields.916,907Bishop Auckland; Crook; Spennymoor; Cockfield; Shildon; Consett; Stanley; Durham; Chester-le-Street; Stanhope; Birtley; Washington Station; Houghton-le-Spring; Wingate; Haswell; Barnard Castle; Gainford; Middleton-in-Teesdale; Seaham Harbour; Horden; Pallion; Southwick-on-Wear; Sunderland; Sedgefield; Felling; East Boldon; Blaydon; Dunston;267,07053,813
The following Juvenile Employment Bureaux- Bishop Auckland; Black-hill; Blaydon; Chester-le-Street; Crook; Dur-ham; Easington; Houghton-le-Spring; N.E. District; S.E. District; Spennymoor; Stanley.
West Hartlepool C.B.; Hartlepool M.B.; Hartle pool R.D.92,923West Hartlepool; Hartlepool.25,7507,178
Gateshead C.B.121,200Gateshead28,5509,164
South Shields C.B.112,000South Shields32,75010,210
Jarrow M.B.; Hebburn U.D.53,350Jarrow and Hebburn17,9406,066

Northumberland.

Newcastle-upon-Tyne C.B.; Tynemouth C.B.; Wallsend M.B.; Longbenton U.D.419,430Newcastle; Elswick; Heaton; Walker; Wall-send; North Shields; Willington Quay; Shire-moor; Newcastle Juvenile Employment Bureau; Tynemouth Juvenile Employment Bureau.169,59030,086
Newburn U.D.19,120Newburn5,4101,033
Haltwhistle R.D.; Alston with Garrigill R.D. (Cumberland)10,670Haltwhistle; Alston2,000735

Cumberland.

Whitehaven M.B.; Workington M.B.; Ennerdale R.D.78,920Whitehaven; Cleat or Moor; Workington; Harrington.23,9608,097
Cockermouth U.D.; Cocker-mouth R.D.; Wigton R.D.44,227Cockermouth; Aspatria; Wigton; Silloth.4,6801,732
Maryport U.D.11,920Maryport3,4901,604
Millom R.D.12,000Millom1,920420

Areas named in First Schedule to Special Areas (Development and Improvement) Act, 1934.Employment Exchanges which mainly serve the areas named in the first column.
Name.Estimated total population at mid-1935.Name.Approximate number of unemployment books of insured persons, aged 14–64 (excluding agricultural workers) exchanged at Employment Exchanges named—July, 1936.Number of insured persons aged 14–64 (exclusive of agricultural workers) recorded as unemployed at 25th January, 1937.

Wales.

Monmouthshire.

Abercarn U.D.19,710Newbridge8,8001,412
Abertillery U.D.30,070Abertillery7,1702,150
Bedwellty U.D.; Mynyddislwyn U.D.; Rhymney U.D.; Risca U.D.; Gelligaer U.D. (Glamorgan); St. Mellons R.D.129,970Pontlottyn; Bargoed; Blackwood and Risca.29,6407,695
Blaenavon U.D.10,620Blaenavon3,5801,005
Ebbw Vale U.D.30,190Ebbw Vale10,1001,732
Nantyglo and Blaina U.D.12,550Blaina2,8301,308
Pontypool U.D. (including Abersychan and Panteg); Pontypool R.D.47,543Pontypool and Usk14,6203,868
Tredegar U.D.22,120Tredegar7,5801,833
Cwmbran U.D. (formerly Llantarnam and Llanfrechfa Upper).11,340Pontnewydd2,8801,132

Glamorganshire.

Merthyr Tydfil C.B.; Vaynor and Penderyn R.D. (Brecknockshire).72,677Merthyr Tydfil; Dowlais; Treharris and Merthyr Juvenile Employment Bureau.20,49010,098
Port Talbot U.D.40,540Port Talbot14,1503,139
Abardare U.D.46,210Aberdare13,3404,171
Bridgend U.D.; Penybont R.D.39,040Bridgend and Aberkenfig6,9101,794
Caerphilly U.D.; Cardiff R.D.; Bedwas and Machen U.D. (Monmouthshire).73,412Caerphilly and Taffs Well11,7003,324
Glyncorrwg U.D.10,040Cymmer3,880574
Maesteg U.D.23,770Maesteg6,6402,411
Mountain Ash U.D.36,700Mountain Ash9,6402,495
Ogmore and Garw U.D.25,800Ogmore Vale and Pontycymmer.6,0001,552
Pontypridd U.D.41,240Pontypridd12,7105,175
Rhondda U.D.134,600Ferndale; Porth; Tonypandy and Treorchy.41,79015,367
Llantrisant and Llantwit Fardre R.D.; Cowbridge R.D.35,950Tonyrefail; Pontyclun and Llantwit-Major.7,7901,864
Neath R.D.40,450Resolven7,280471

Brecknockshire.

Brynmawr U.D.; Crickhowell R.D.13,846Brynmawr and Crickhowell.3,0801,792

Pembrokeshire.

Pembroke M.B.12,250Pembroke Dock2,7301,395
Scotland.
County of Dumbarton153,516Alexandria; Dumbarton; Bowling; Helensburgh; Clydebank and Kirkintilloch.46,1907,537

Areas named in First Schedule to Special Areas (Development and Improvement) Act, 1934.Employment Exchanges which mainly serve the areas named in the first column.
Name.Estimated total population at mid-1935.Name.Approximate number of unemployment books of insured persons, aged 14–64 (excluding agricultural workers) exchanged at Employment Exchanges named—July, 1936.Number of insured persons aged 14–64 (exclusive of agricultura workers) recorded as unemployed at 25 th January, 1937.

Scotland—continued.
County of Lanark (excluding city of Glasgow).506,466Airdrie; Cambuslang; Carluke; Coatbridge; Rutherglen; Hamilton; Lanark; Larkhall; Lesmahagow; Motherwell; Shotts; Uddingston; Wishaw; East Kilbride and Strathaven.135,28028,703
County of Renfrew301,704Barrhead; Greenock; Johnstone; Paisley; Port Glasgow and Renfrew.98,25014,791
The Parishes of Ardrossan; Beith; Dairy; Dreghorn; Dunlop; Fenwick; Galston; Irvine; Kilbirnie; Kilmarnock; Kilmaurs; Kilwinning; Loudoun; Riccarton; Stevenston and Stewarton in the County of Ayr.136,696*Ardrossan; Dairy; Irvine; Kilbirnie; Kilmarnock; Kilwinning; New Milns; Stevenston and Stewarton. 51,0707,985
†The Parishes of Bathgate; Ecclesmachan; Kirkliston; Livingston; Linlithgow; Torphichen; Uphall and Whitburn, within the County of West Lothian, so far as situated South of the London and North Eastern Railway Line from Linlithgow to Ratho.63,327*Bathgate; Broxburn and Linlithgow.16,9202,613
The Parishes of Kirknewton; Mid Calder and West Calder within the County of Midlothian.12,520*East Calder and West Calder.4,680735
It is not possible to give figures for the area which includes the Parishes of Falkirk; Grangemouth; Muiravonside and Slamannan within the County of Stirling so far as situated South of the London and North Eastern Railway Line from Castlecary to Linlithgow.

* These figures relate to 1931. Estimates of population in parishes are not available for any later date.

† The figure in the second column relates to the whole of the parishes in question, a separate figure for the part defined as a Special Area is not available.

Wales

asked the Minister of Labour whether he will give the amount of money paid from the Unemployment Insurance Fund and by the Unemployment Assistance Board to persons in Wales for each year from 1921 to date; and will he give the figures for Glamorgan, Monmouth, and Carmarthen, separately?

I am having this information extracted and will circulate it in the OFFICIAL REPORT as soon as possible.

asked the Minister of Labour whether he can give any information as to the progress of the South Wales trading estate at Treforest; and what new industries have been, or are about to be, started on this estate or elsewhere in South Wales?

In reply to the first part of question, I have at present nothing to add to the answer which I gave to my hon. Friend the Member for the Eastern Division of Cardiff on the 9th February, and of which I am sending my hon. and gallant Friend a copy. Prospective tenants are normally insistent that their inquiries should be treated as confidential and my hon. Friend will readily appreciate that it is impossible to disclose details of cases in which negotiations are still proceeding. I have received information of seven new industries which have been established in the Special Areas in South Wales in the last 18 months or so, and of four new works which are about to be set up.

Hours Of Work

asked the Minister of Labour whether he will state the number of firms which have in operation a five-day week and a working week of 45 hours or less?

The available information on this subject is given on pages 82–85 of the report of the Chief Inspector of Factories for the year 1934 (Cmd. 4931). The report for the year 1935 indicates that there was little change in the position during that year.

Gold (Transmission To New York)

asked the Chancellor of the Exchequer what is now the approximate cost of transmitting gold from London to New York, including freight, insurance, loss of interest during transit, and any other incidental matters?

I understand that the cost of transmitting gold from London to New York is normally about eight shillings per cent. at the present time.

Crown Lands (Sale)

asked the Chancellor of the Exchequer what Government lands have been sold during the previous three years; and what is the average price per acre for which these lands have been sold?

Apart from the particulars of sales given in the annual reports presented to Parliament by the Commissioners of Crown Lands, the information asked for is not available at the Treasury and could not be obtained from the various Departments concerned without the expenditure of a disproportionate amount of time and trouble.

Barley Imports (Duty)

asked the Chancellor of the Exchequer what was the total amount, for each year, of the duty paid on foreign barley for grinding, separate from that used for malting, imported into this country?

It is not possible to give details showing proportionate amounts representing the duty paid on imported barley used for particular purposes.

Industrial Assurance Acts

asked the Chancellor of the Exchequer whether he can yet add anything to the statement of the Financial Secretary to the Treasury on 29th March, 1934, as to the introduction of legislation amending the Industrial Assurance Acts?

I am afraid that it is unlikely that time will be found for legislation on this subject in the present Session.

Royal Air Force (Petrol Consumption)

asked the Under-Secretary of State for Air whether he can state the quantity and cost of petrol used in vehicles and aeroplanes of the Royal Air Force on home service in 1920 and 1936, respectively?

I have been asked to reply. It would not be in the public interest to give the precise information requested. The estimated annual expenditure on petrol is shown in the Air Estimates.

Aviation (Flying Accidents)

asked the Under-Secretary of State for Air whether he is aware that many recent disasters to civilian aeroplanes have arisen as a result of the uncertain weather conditions in the British Isles; whether, before attempting to develop regular passenger and transport services, the Air Ministry will see to it that some form of safe directional control combined with fog landing has been installed and additional control from the ground to prevent collisions; and whether, in view of the large amount of public money which is being spent by municipal authorities in providing aerodromes, at the instigation of the Air Ministry, immediate action will be taken with a view to clarifying the whole situation?

I have been asked to reply. As my hon. and gallant Friend is no doubt aware, the report of the May-bury Committee is at present under close consideration by my Noble Friend. The Committee has recommended, inter alia, that all radio facilities and a comprehensive air traffic control organisation adequate to ensure the safety and regularity of air communication at all times in the United Kingdom should be provided, maintained and operated by the Government. In the event of the recommendations of the Committee being accepted in principle by His Majesty's Government, the institution of an organisation of traffic control to ensure safety and regularity will no doubt be given early and careful attention.

Transport

River Severn Bridge

asked the Minister of Transport if his attention has been called to the widespread dissatisfaction expressed by a number of public representatives of all parties in South Wales regarding the delay in proceeding with the erection of a bridge over the River Severn; and will he now state the Government's intentions on this matter?

The hon. Gentleman will be aware that a Select Committee of the House of Commons recently rejected this proposal, to which the Government offered a 75 per cent. grant. He will also be aware of the answer which I gave on the 5th November last.

Electrified Railways (Fatalities)

asked the Minister of Transport how many deaths from electrocution occurred on the lines of electrified railways in 1936 to civilians, to children, and to people employed on the lines, respectively?

Two railway employés, 12 children and two other persons of whom 12 were trespassers, lost their lives in this way. Of the two railway employés one was killed through contact with an overhead conductor cable.

Empire Settlement (Statistics)

asked the Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs what numbers of emigrants from this country were admitted into each self-governing Dominion, respectively, during 1936, to the latest convenient date; and the numbers of returning emigrants from the same during the like period?

The numbers of British subjects who were recorded in the passenger lists furnished to the Board of Trade as leaving permanent residence (by which is understood residence for a year or more) in the United Kingdom to take up permanent residence in the under-mentioned Dominions in the calendar year 1936, and the numbers of such persons who were recorded as leaving permanent residence in those countries to take up permanent residence in the United Kingdom in the same period are as follow:

Emigrants from the United Kingdom (British subjects only).Immigrants into the United Kingdom (British subjects only).
British North America.2,28110,107
Australia4,0965,362
New Zealand1,4621,966
South Africa (Union, Southern Rhodesia, etc.).5,0103,594
Total 12 months, 1936.12,84921,029

British Army (Vehicles And Petrol)

asked the Secretary of State for War the number of vehicles in use by the various branches of the Army on Home service for the carriage of goods, stores, and equipment, as from 1st January, in 1920 and 1926, respectively; and what was the approximate quantity and cost of petrol used in each case?

I regret that the information as to the quantity and cost of petrol is unobtainable, while that regarding the vehicles is not available and could only be obtained with a disproportionate amount of time and labour.

Milk Marketing Board

asked the Minister of Agriculture how many wholesale producers, and how many retail producers are connected with the Milk Marketing Board?

I am informed by the Milk Marketing Board that at present approximately 87,000 registered producers hold wholesale contracts and 65,000 hold retail licences; of these, about 22,000 hold both a wholesale contract and a retail licence.

Scotland (Distress, Sutherlandshire)

asked the Secretary of State for Scotland whether he is aware that since September, 1935, grave distress has been caused through the evictions of families from the Loch Assynt estate, Sutherlandshire; and what steps he proposes to take to secure employment and alternative accommodation for the members of the families so evicted?

I am not aware of any evictions of families from the neighbourhood of Loch Assynt, Sutherland.

Post Office (Vehicles And Petrol)

asked the Postmaster-General whether he will state the respective number of motor vehicles in the service of the Post Office for the carriage of mails and parcels as in 1920 and 1936, respectively; and what was the approximate quantity and cost of petrol used in respect of them in each case?

The earliest period for which detailed records of Departmental vehicles used for the carriage of mails and parcels are available is the financial year 1921–2. Information for this year and for 1935–6 is as follows:—

  • Vehicles in service 31st March, 1922–170.
  • Vehicles in service 31st March, 1936–5,911.
  • Petrol consumption year ended 31st March, 1922–74,400 gallons.
  • Petrol consumption year ended 31st March, 1936–4,167,800 gallons.
Fluctuations in the price of petrol render a money comparison misleading.

The Coronation

asked the Secretary of State for the Colonies whether any, and what, official arrangements are being made for the entertainment of and the provision of private hospitality for visitors to London from the respective Colonies and overseas dependencies for the Coronation?

I would refer my hon. and learned Friend to the reply given by the Prime Minister on the 17th February to a question on this subject by the hon. Member for East Dorset (Mr. Hall-Caine).