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Special Areas (Population)

Volume 320: debated on Monday 22 February 1937

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asked the Minister of Labour whether he will give the total population of the different areas which have been specially affected by industrial depression, as referred to in the Special Areas (Development and Improvement) Act, 1934, and also, as nearly as possible, the total number of insured workers and the number of unemployed in each of the different areas?

, pursuant to his reply (OFFICIAL REPORT, 29th January, 1937; cols. 1202–3, Vol. 319), supplied the following statement:Statistics of employment and unemployment among insured persons are not available for local authority areas. In the following table the figures relative to the total population in the areas named in the First Schedule to the Special Areas (Development and Improvement) Act, 1934, are in most cases those given in the relevant reports of the Registrars-General in respect of mid-1935.For persons insured under the Unemployment Insurance Acts statistics can be given only in respect of Employment Exchanges, and the areas served by these offices are not co-terminous with local authority areas. For the purpose of the table, however, Employment Exchanges have been arranged so as to indicate as nearly as possible the position in the Special Areas mainly served by them, and in some cases grouping of both Special Areas and Employment Exchanges has been necessary for this purpose.The extent to which differences occur between the local authority areas and the areas served by particular exchanges, or groups of exchanges, varies as between one area and another, and it is necessary to bear this in mind in making comparisons between the figures for total population and those in respect of insured persons.

Areas named in First Schedule to Special Areas (Development and Improvement) Act, 1934.Employment Exchanges which mainly serve the areas named in the first column.
Name.Estimated total population at mid-1935.Name.Approximate number of unemployment books of insured persons, aged 14–64 (excluding agricultural workers) exchanged at Employment Exchanges named—July, 1936.Number of insured persons aged 14–64 (exclusive of agricultural workers) recorded as unemployed 25th January 1937.

ENGLAND.

County Durham.

Sunderland C.B.; Durham M.B.; the urban districts of Barnard Castle; Ben-fieldside; Consett; Lead-gate; Bishop Auckland; Tow Law; Brandon and Byshottles; Chester-le-Street; Crook; Stanhope; Willington; Spennymoor; Hetton; Houghton-le-Spring; Seaham Harbour; Washington; Felling; Bllaydon; Whickham; Ryton; Shildon; Annfield Plain; Stanley; Tanfield; and the rural districts of Auckland; Barnard Castle; Chester-le-Street; Durham; Easington; Hough-ton-le-Spring; Lanchester; Sunderland; Weardale; Sedgefield; South Shields.916,907Bishop Auckland; Crook; Spennymoor; Cockfield; Shildon; Consett; Stanley; Durham; Chester-le-Street; Stanhope; Birtley; Washington Station; Houghton-le-Spring; Wingate; Haswell; Barnard Castle; Gainford; Middleton-in-Teesdale; Seaham Harbour; Horden; Pallion; Southwick-on-Wear; Sunderland; Sedgefield; Felling; East Boldon; Blaydon; Dunston;267,07053,813
The following Juvenile Employment Bureaux- Bishop Auckland; Black-hill; Blaydon; Chester-le-Street; Crook; Dur-ham; Easington; Houghton-le-Spring; N.E. District; S.E. District; Spennymoor; Stanley.
West Hartlepool C.B.; Hartlepool M.B.; Hartle pool R.D.92,923West Hartlepool; Hartlepool.25,7507,178
Gateshead C.B.121,200Gateshead28,5509,164
South Shields C.B.112,000South Shields32,75010,210
Jarrow M.B.; Hebburn U.D.53,350Jarrow and Hebburn17,9406,066

Northumberland.

Newcastle-upon-Tyne C.B.; Tynemouth C.B.; Wallsend M.B.; Longbenton U.D.419,430Newcastle; Elswick; Heaton; Walker; Wall-send; North Shields; Willington Quay; Shire-moor; Newcastle Juvenile Employment Bureau; Tynemouth Juvenile Employment Bureau.169,59030,086
Newburn U.D.19,120Newburn5,4101,033
Haltwhistle R.D.; Alston with Garrigill R.D. (Cumberland)10,670Haltwhistle; Alston2,000735

Cumberland.

Whitehaven M.B.; Workington M.B.; Ennerdale R.D.78,920Whitehaven; Cleat or Moor; Workington; Harrington.23,9608,097
Cockermouth U.D.; Cocker-mouth R.D.; Wigton R.D.44,227Cockermouth; Aspatria; Wigton; Silloth.4,6801,732
Maryport U.D.11,920Maryport3,4901,604
Millom R.D.12,000Millom1,920420

Areas named in First Schedule to Special Areas (Development and Improvement) Act, 1934.Employment Exchanges which mainly serve the areas named in the first column.
Name.Estimated total population at mid-1935.Name.Approximate number of unemployment books of insured persons, aged 14–64 (excluding agricultural workers) exchanged at Employment Exchanges named—July, 1936.Number of insured persons aged 14–64 (exclusive of agricultural workers) recorded as unemployed at 25th January, 1937.

Wales.

Monmouthshire.

Abercarn U.D.19,710Newbridge8,8001,412
Abertillery U.D.30,070Abertillery7,1702,150
Bedwellty U.D.; Mynyddislwyn U.D.; Rhymney U.D.; Risca U.D.; Gelligaer U.D. (Glamorgan); St. Mellons R.D.129,970Pontlottyn; Bargoed; Blackwood and Risca.29,6407,695
Blaenavon U.D.10,620Blaenavon3,5801,005
Ebbw Vale U.D.30,190Ebbw Vale10,1001,732
Nantyglo and Blaina U.D.12,550Blaina2,8301,308
Pontypool U.D. (including Abersychan and Panteg); Pontypool R.D.47,543Pontypool and Usk14,6203,868
Tredegar U.D.22,120Tredegar7,5801,833
Cwmbran U.D. (formerly Llantarnam and Llanfrechfa Upper).11,340Pontnewydd2,8801,132

Glamorganshire.

Merthyr Tydfil C.B.; Vaynor and Penderyn R.D. (Brecknockshire).72,677Merthyr Tydfil; Dowlais; Treharris and Merthyr Juvenile Employment Bureau.20,49010,098
Port Talbot U.D.40,540Port Talbot14,1503,139
Abardare U.D.46,210Aberdare13,3404,171
Bridgend U.D.; Penybont R.D.39,040Bridgend and Aberkenfig6,9101,794
Caerphilly U.D.; Cardiff R.D.; Bedwas and Machen U.D. (Monmouthshire).73,412Caerphilly and Taffs Well11,7003,324
Glyncorrwg U.D.10,040Cymmer3,880574
Maesteg U.D.23,770Maesteg6,6402,411
Mountain Ash U.D.36,700Mountain Ash9,6402,495
Ogmore and Garw U.D.25,800Ogmore Vale and Pontycymmer.6,0001,552
Pontypridd U.D.41,240Pontypridd12,7105,175
Rhondda U.D.134,600Ferndale; Porth; Tonypandy and Treorchy.41,79015,367
Llantrisant and Llantwit Fardre R.D.; Cowbridge R.D.35,950Tonyrefail; Pontyclun and Llantwit-Major.7,7901,864
Neath R.D.40,450Resolven7,280471

Brecknockshire.

Brynmawr U.D.; Crickhowell R.D.13,846Brynmawr and Crickhowell.3,0801,792

Pembrokeshire.

Pembroke M.B.12,250Pembroke Dock2,7301,395
Scotland.
County of Dumbarton153,516Alexandria; Dumbarton; Bowling; Helensburgh; Clydebank and Kirkintilloch.46,1907,537

Areas named in First Schedule to Special Areas (Development and Improvement) Act, 1934.Employment Exchanges which mainly serve the areas named in the first column.
Name.Estimated total population at mid-1935.Name.Approximate number of unemployment books of insured persons, aged 14–64 (excluding agricultural workers) exchanged at Employment Exchanges named—July, 1936.Number of insured persons aged 14–64 (exclusive of agricultura workers) recorded as unemployed at 25 th January, 1937.

Scotland—continued.
County of Lanark (excluding city of Glasgow).506,466Airdrie; Cambuslang; Carluke; Coatbridge; Rutherglen; Hamilton; Lanark; Larkhall; Lesmahagow; Motherwell; Shotts; Uddingston; Wishaw; East Kilbride and Strathaven.135,28028,703
County of Renfrew301,704Barrhead; Greenock; Johnstone; Paisley; Port Glasgow and Renfrew.98,25014,791
The Parishes of Ardrossan; Beith; Dairy; Dreghorn; Dunlop; Fenwick; Galston; Irvine; Kilbirnie; Kilmarnock; Kilmaurs; Kilwinning; Loudoun; Riccarton; Stevenston and Stewarton in the County of Ayr.136,696*Ardrossan; Dairy; Irvine; Kilbirnie; Kilmarnock; Kilwinning; New Milns; Stevenston and Stewarton. 51,0707,985
†The Parishes of Bathgate; Ecclesmachan; Kirkliston; Livingston; Linlithgow; Torphichen; Uphall and Whitburn, within the County of West Lothian, so far as situated South of the London and North Eastern Railway Line from Linlithgow to Ratho.63,327*Bathgate; Broxburn and Linlithgow.16,9202,613
The Parishes of Kirknewton; Mid Calder and West Calder within the County of Midlothian.12,520*East Calder and West Calder.4,680735
It is not possible to give figures for the area which includes the Parishes of Falkirk; Grangemouth; Muiravonside and Slamannan within the County of Stirling so far as situated South of the London and North Eastern Railway Line from Castlecary to Linlithgow.

* These figures relate to 1931. Estimates of population in parishes are not available for any later date.

† The figure in the second column relates to the whole of the parishes in question, a separate figure for the part defined as a Special Area is not available.