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Written Answers

Volume 345: debated on Friday 31 March 1939

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Written Answers


Sugar (Home Production And Imports)

asked the Minister of Agriculture what was the total output of sugar grown in England in each of the last two years for which figures are available; what was the return per cwt. that the factory received for this sugar, including value of the subsidy and of the remission of the excise on it; what was the tonnage of sugar imported for each of the same two years; and what was the value per cwt. of this in each of these years?

The amount of sugar produced from beet grown in Great Britain in the years 1936–37 and 1937–38 was as follows:

The sugar produced from Scottish beet cannot be distinguished, but forms only a small percentage of the whole.The return per cwt. to the British Sugar Corporation for this sugar, together with the Exchequer assistance thereon paid under the Sugar Industry (Reorganization) Act, 1936, was as follows:
White Sugar:
Average Price Duty Paid184.4192.2
Exchequer Assistance49.429.7
Raw Sugar:
Average Price Ex Duty102.7114.9
Exchequer Assistance49.629.9
The white sugar was sold with the duty paid at the preferential rate of 4s. 7d. per cwt. The value of the raw sugar is ex duty, but the price paid takes into account the preferential rate of duty to be paid on the sugar.
Quantity cwt.Average Value per cwt, ex dutyQuantity.Average Value per cwt. ex duty.
Raw Sugar:
Total Raw Sugar43,686,99871·345,532,163810·9
Refined Sugar (inducing Sugar candy):
All Countries691,48577·0803,31186·7
(i) All figures are for the year April to March.
(2) Most of the imported raw sugar is of a polarisation of about 96 degrees, whilst nearly all the raw sugar produced from home-grown beet is of a polarisation exceeding 98 degrees.
(3) The average rate of Exchequer assistance paid on raw sugar in 1936–37 and again in 1937–38 was slightly higher than the corresponding average for white sugar, owing to the fact that the bulk of the raw sugar was produced in weeks when the effective rate of assistance was higher owing to a lower average raw sugar price.
(4) The differences between the values (ex duty) of Dominion, Colonial and Foreign sugar are largely accounted for by the preferential rates of duty on Empire sugar.

Wheat (Home Production And Imports)

asked the Minister of Agriculture what percentage of our national requirements of wheat were home-grown and what percentage were imported in 1937 and in 1938, respectively?

It is estimated that both in the year ended 31st August, 1937, and in the following year 23 per cent. of the total wheat supplies available in the United Kingdom were home-produced and 77 per cent. were imported.

Poultry Industry

asked the Minister of Agriculture whether he can now state when the Government intend to implement the recommendations of the Poultry Commission?

It is the intention to introduce during the present Session the necessary legislation to give effect to the Government's proposals for the poultry industry already announced, including the proposals arising out of the recommendations of the Poultry Technical Committee. A Bill is in course of pre-

Imports of sugar and average value per cwt. (ex duty) for the corresponding periods were as follow:

paration for this purpose, but I am not at present in a position to say precisely when the Bill will be ready for introduction.

Herring Industry

asked the Minister of Agriculture when Norway succeeded Great Britain as the leading sea-fishing nation in Europe; whether he is aware that the loss of this position by Great Britain is principally due to the neglect of the deep-sea herring fisheries; whether the Norwegian Government has subsidised directly or indirectly the development of the Norwegian deep-sea herring fisheries; and whether he proposes to adapt similar methods to the herring fisheries of the United Kingdom?

While I do not accept some of the suggestions in my hon. Friend's question, it is true that since 1927 Norwegian landings of fish have, except in 1931 and 1934, slightly exceeded British landings in weight (though not in value) and that in some years this position would not have arisen had British landings of herrings continued at their former level.

The Norwegian Government are, at the present time, devoting considerable sums to the assistance of their fishing industry, but the information at my disposal suggests that only a minor portion of these sums goes in aid of the herring fishery. So far as financial assistance to the British herring industry is concerned, the policy of the Government is embodied in the Herring Industry Acts, 1935 and 1938.

Vaccination Deaths

asked the Minister of Health how many death certificates were received in 1938 on which death was attributed wholly or in part to vaccination or vaccinia; what were the ages of the persons to whom these death certificates refer; and which of them will be recorded as deaths from vaccinia?

Eight such certificates were received in 1938, the ages being respectively 1 month, 14 years, 16 years, 1 month, 5 months, 5 months, 4 weeks and 4 months. In the first four of these the death was classified to vaccinia.

Cancer (Medical Advisory Committee)

asked the Minister of Health, whether he is yet in a position to state the names of the members of his medical advisory committee and also the names of the members of the sub-committee which is to advise him on general principles in regard to the treatment of cancer and to consider any questions referred to them by him?

The Medical Advisory Committee is now constituted as follows:

  • Sir Comyns Berkeley, M.D., F.R.C.P., F.R.C.S., F.R.C.O.G.
  • Sir Henry Brackenbury, M.D.
  • The Rt. Hon. the Viscount Dawson of Penn, G.C.V.O., K.C.B., M.D., F.R.C.P.
  • The Lord Horder, G.C.V.O., M.D., F.R.C.P.
  • Robert Hutchison, Esq., M.D., P.R.C.P.
  • Sir E. Kaye Le Fleming, M.D.
  • Hugh Lett, Esq., C.B.E., M.B., P.R.C.S.
  • Sir Ewen Maclean, M.D., F.R.C.P., F.R.C.O.G.
  • Sir Edward Mellanby, K.C.B., M.D., F.R.C.P., F.R.S., K.H.P.
  • Sir Frederick Menzies, K.B.E., M.D., F.R.C.P., K.H.P.
  • Professor W. Fletcher Shaw, M.D., P.R.C.O.G.
The Committee meets under the Chairmanship of Sir Arthur MacNalty, the Chief Medical Officer of the Ministry.I am pleased to be able to announce that invitations to serve on the Cancer Sub-Committee of this Committee, which is to advise me on general principles in regard to the treatment of cancer and to consider any questions referred by me to it, have been accepted by the following:

  • Sir Farquhar Buzzard, Bt, K.C.V.O., M.D., F.R.C.P.
  • R. Veitch Clark, Esq., M.B., B.Ch., D.P.H.
  • Ivor J. Davies, Esq., M.D., F.R.C.P.
  • M. Donaldson, Esq., F.R.C.S., F.R.C.O.G.
  • Miss Mary Gilmour, M.B., Ch.B.
  • Sir Charles Gordon-Watson, K.B.E., C.M.G., F.R.C.S.
  • D. G. Greenfield, Esq., M.D., F.R.C.S.
  • R. Hilton, Esq., M.D:, F.R.C.P.
  • Professor R. E. Kelly, C.B., M.D., F.R.C.S.
  • Professor E. L. Kennaway, M.D., F.R.C.P., F.R.S.
  • Sir Frederick Menzies, K.B.E., M.D., F.R.C.P., K.H.P.
  • J. Ralston Paterson, Esq., M.C., M.D., F.R.C.S.Ed.
  • Professor J. A. Ryle, M.D., F.R.C.P.
  • Professor W. Fletcher Shaw, M.D., P.R.C.O.G.
  • H. S. Souttar, Esq., C.B.E., D.M.,F.R.C.S.
  • G. F. Stebbing, Esq., M.B., B.S.,F.R.C.S.
  • Professor M. Stewart, M.B., F.R.C.P.
  • Sir Cuthbert Wallace, Bt., K.C.M.G., C.B., F.R.C.S.
  • Miss Constance Wood, M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P.

Sir Arthur MacNalty will also act as Chairman of the Cancer Sub-Committee.

Advertisement Hoardings And Posters

asked the Chancellor of the Exchequer whether he can give an estimate of the yield which would be obtained from a special stamp, issuable through post offices, to be affixed to posters or advertisement hoardings amounting to 1d. per square yard, renewable every three months, the minimum stamp to be 1d. where posters were less than one square yard in area or exhibited for less than three months?

I regret that I have no information which would enable me to furnish the estimate desired.


Special Areas Act Amendment (Scotland)

asked the Secretary of State for Scotland whether he has considered representations from the county council of Stirling calling for amending legislation to the Special Areas Act whereby the benefits of that Act may be made available to all districts in Scotland proving need and excessive unemployment and not, as at present, limited to districts known as special areas; and what steps he is prepared to take to ensure that the benefits of the Special Areas Act be available in districts which show excessive unemployment and extreme poverty?

I have carefully considered the representations referred to. While the Special Areas Acts have meanwhile been continued for a further period by the Expiring Laws Continuance Act, 1938, and it is not proposed to amend them, I would remind the hon. Member that it is proposed to introduce legislation for the purpose of making loan facilities more readily available for new industrial undertakings in areas of heavy unemployment.

Instructional Centres (Workmen's Compensation)

asked the Minister of Labour, whether men working in vocational and instructional training centres who receive injuries arising out of, and in the course of, such employment are covered by any special scheme such as that approved by the Treasury for men working in Government dockyards; and, if so, whether he will furnish a copy of that scheme?

Instructors and other industrial staff employed at the Ministry's Vocational and Instructional Centres are dealt with under the normal provisions of the Workmen's Compensation Acts and not under a special scheme of compensation. In the case of men in training who meet with accidents in the course of their training, ex gratia payments are made which compare favourably with the amounts which would be payable if the principles governing payments under the Workmen's Compensation Acts were applied.