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Volume 414: debated on Wednesday 17 October 1945

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Mixed Courts


asked the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs what progress was made in recent conversations toward ending the emergency jurisdiction of the military tribunals set up by the Egyptian Government and toward restoring the exclusive jurisdiction of the mixed courts to try British subjects in Egypt for all offences punishable by law in accordance with the Treaty of Montreux.

The military tribunals set up by the Egyptian Government under martial law have been abolished. Civilians of British nationality will, in future, only be subject in penal matters to the jurisdiction of the Mixed Courts.

British Schools


asked the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs in view of the need to develop pro-British feeling in Egypt, what steps are contemplated to increase the number of English schools there, and to see that the teaching staff of the existing ones are mainly British.

There are more than a dozen British schools in Egypt, which between them have over 3,500 British, Egyptian and other pupils. My right hon. Friend expects to receive further recommendations from His Majesty's Ambassa- dor in Cairo very shortly, but at present his desire is that existing schools shall be properly provided for before new schools are founded. The teaching staff of the existing schools are mainly British, and in spite of the present difficulties of recruitment more British teachers have recently gone out.

While thanking the right hon. Gentleman for his reply, may I ask him whether he is aware that the general opinion of British residents in that particular area desirous of having their children educated under a system commensurate with the English curriculum is such that they are sending their children to this island to be taught rather than to these schools?

Can the right hon. Gentleman say how many of these are boys' schools and how many are girls' schools?

In view of the shortage of teachers in this country, are the Government still releasing teachers to go to Egypt?

Is it the intention of His Majesty's Government, when these representations for increased schools are received, to supply them to the best of their ability?