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Written Answers

Volume 436: debated on Wednesday 30 April 1947

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Written Answers To Questions

Wednesday, 30th April, 1947

Germany

Tuberculosis, Berlin

13.

asked the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs whether he will give details of the incidence of, and the death rate from, tuberculosis in Berlin; and what reports he has received on the outbreak of pellagra due to nutritional shortage in the U.S. zone of Germany.

The average monthly number of cases of all forms of tuberculosis reported in the first quarter of 1947 was 1,696; deaths in this period averaged 696 monthly. I have no information about any outbreak of pellagra in the United States zone of Germany.

Soldier's Family (Travel Documents)

asked the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs if he is aware that the application of Private C. E. Davis to bring his wife and child from Germany to this country has now been under consideration for six months; and if he will take steps to expedite this matter, in view of the fact that they are of British nationality.

Yes, Sir. This case was brought to my right hon. Friend's attention on 18th January, when His Majesty's Consul-General at Hamburg was asked for a report. The Consul-General reported on 12th March that he was in a position to provide Mrs. Davis with travel documents for her journey to this country with her two children as soon as Private Davis has made the necessary arrangements.

Russian-Born British Wives

14.

asked the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs what further representations have been made concerning the Soviet wives of British subjects so that they may be able to come to Great Britain; and whether these reprsentations have met with success, or what further steps he proposes to take.

There have been no further developments. His Majesty's Government expect to hear in due course the result of the approach which was made by my right hon. Friend the Minister of State to Monsieur Kuznetsov earlier this month.

Japan

British Properties (Inspection)

20.

asked the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs if he is aware that no British official in Japan has the right to enter and inspect the property of British subjects in that country; and what is the explanation of the denial of this right by the U.S. authorities.

It is the responsibility of the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers to protect all United Nations property in Japan, and the right to enter and inspect such property is consequently vested exclusively in him. In cases where inspection of British property is desired, General MacArthur arranges, through his Civil Property Custodian Section, for full reports to 'be furnished to His Majesty's Government for the information of the British interests concerned. The United Kingdom Liaison Mission in Tokyo maintain close contact with the Custodian and British officials participate, when necessary, in the inspection of British properties.

British Democratic Institutions (Publicity)

22.

asked the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs what steps he is taking to see that knowledge of the history of the British Commonwealth of Nations and its democratic institutions is made known to the Japanese, thereby fulfilling the desire expressed by the United Nations Study Committee recently set up in Japan.

Our Information Officer in Tokyo is well supplied with publicity material dealing with the history of the British Commonwealth and its democratic institutions. Books and periodicals are placed in the Central Library and Reading Room in Tokyo. Feature articles and photographs in considerable numbers are distributed through the occupation authorities to the Press and magazines in Japan. A series of representative works on this subject, especially selected for the purpose of translation, are now being sent out for publication by the Japanese.

World Recovery (Uk Contributions)

23.

asked the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs the total economic and financial contributions to world recovery made by the United Kingdom Government since the end of the late war through U.N.R.R.A. and other international organisations.

The United Kingdom contributed altogether£155 million to U.N.R.R.A.: it is not possible to separate contributions made before the end of the war from those made after it. I would point out, however, that this sum represents only a part of the United Kingdom's total financial contribution to world recovery, for much of this contribution was made not through international organisations, but in direct grants and loans to foreign countries and colonial territories which had suffered as a result of the war. It must be borne in mind that credits not immediately repayable impose, while they are outstanding, the same strain on the United Kingdom's balance of payments as outright grants of similar amounts would impose. The following is a statement of the United Kingdom's total contributions to world recovery in grants and credits. These amount altogether to about£750 million.

POST-LIBERATION FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE FROM THE UNITED KINGDOM
(Figures in£ million)
(a) Non-recoverable expenditure
U.N.R.R.A. contributions155
U.K. share of non-recoverable cost of Combined Civil Affairs supplies (Military Relief38
Malta30
Greece (maintenance and initial equipment of Armed Forces)29
Greece (surpluses)2.5
Italy (estimated value of surpluses after allowing for payments from Italy in respect of this and other U.K. claims under the Financial Agreements of r7th April, 7947) 55
Austria (supplies to British zone before U.N.R.R.A. undertook supply responsibility in April, 2946)10
Austria (estimated non-recoverable portion of£8½ million post-U.N.R,R.A. assistance to Austria)6
Austria (surplus machine tools)0.1
Hungary (surplus machine tools)0.2
Total (round figures)325

(Figures in£ million)
(b) Repayable Loans and Credits
U.K. share of recoverable cost of Combined Civil Affairs supplies (Military Relief)62
Burma (Grants to 31.3.47)30
France (Under Financial Agreements)100
Netherlands (Government Loan and estimated value subject to adjustment, of

Military equipment and surpluses

60
Czechoslovakia (credit for commercial purposes 5
Austria (estimated recoverable portion of post-U.N.R.R.A. assistance,

including raw material credit)

4
Hungary (wool credit)0.5
Total (round figures)275
(c) German.
Approximate total cost to 31.3.47 of assistance to German economy (excluding

occupation costs)

140
Total (a), (b) and (c)740

Ex-Internees (Shanghai)

asked the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs if he is aware that eight ex-internees sailed on s.s "Samjack" from Shanghai on 8th October but owing to a mishap to the ship, they have only just arrived in Britain; and whether he will give instructions that these internees shall have the same rights as regards clothing coupons, free medical treatment, etc., as if they had arrived at the proper time.

The special circumstances have been taken into account and provision will be made for the eight persons concerned. Applications for medical treatment, it required, should be received at the Ministry of Health by 31st May next. Applications for clothing coupons will be considered on their merits, if received at the Board of Trade, 91, Victoria Street, S.W.I, by the same date

Italy (Yugoslavs)

asked the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs the number of displaced persons in Italy of Yugoslav origin; the number which have been classified as war criminals; and the number still to be screened.

As regards the first part of the Question, I would refer my hon. Friend to the reply which was given on 23rd April to a similar question from the hon. and gallant Member for Lewes (Major Beamish). No Yugoslavs in Italy have been classified as war criminals. Seventy-seven have been classified as traitors and quislings by the British and United States Governments, and 22 of them have been apprehended and surrendered. Approximately one-third of the British-held Yugoslavs have been screened in Italy and the rest are being dealt with in Germany. It is hoped that British and United States teams will soon start screening Allied Commission Camps. The screening of persons who are at large in Italy is not a British or Allied responsibility.

Bulgarian Elections (Reports)

asked the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (1) what figures concerning the beatings-up and killings during the Bulgarian elections were given by the acting head of the British Political Mission in Sofia;(2) when is the investigation of all official and unofficial reports concerning the Bulgarian elections expected to be concluded; and if the preliminary estimate that 95 organisers were arrested, 102 people beaten up, 45 meetings broken up and 16 opposition members killed, has yet been substantiated by that investigation.

As I informed my hon. Friend on 31st March, the official and unofficial reports received concerning the Bulgarian elections have been examined and compared by His Majesty's Government, whose conclusion is that the Bulgarian elections were accompanied by a considerable degree of terrorism directed against supporters of the opposition parties. It was not, of course, practicable for British representatives to conduct detailed investigations into every report of beatings up and killings such as would enable His Majesty's Government to establish with certainty precise and exhaustive final figures, but they have no reason to suppose that the figures quoted by my hon. Friend are not approximately correct.

asked the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs if the daily newspaper "Svoboden Narod" was one of the unofficial sources of reports concerning the Bulgarian elections.

All the Bulgarian daily press contained reports on the elections, which were carefully studied.

Malta

Emigration (Deposit)

29.

asked the Secretary of State for the Colonies what is the legal authority, and by whom is it exercised, requiring a British subject in Malta who desires to leave the Colony to pay a deposit of£10.

I understand that this practice, which was introduced as an administrative measure in 1931, is no longer being insisted upon. The responsible authority has been the Malta Emigration Department.

Colonial Empire

Oil Palm Production

32.

asked the Secretary of State for the Colonies in view of the world shortage of vegetable fats, if he will consider favourably encouraging production of West African oil palms in the Cameroons, British Guiana and British Honduras.

The West African Oilseeds Mission, whose report is being published today, recommend increased production of palm oil and palm kernels in the Cameroons. The Board of the Cameroons Development Corporation will be considering this recommendation. They are fully conscious of the shortage of vegetable fats. Attempts have been made to establish oil palms in British Guiana at intervals since 1913, but without success. Renewed experiments were made just before the war. The indications continue unpromising, but it is too early to pronounce finally on the agricultural possibilities. According to my information, no attempts have been made to establish oil palms in British Honduras and I am in consultation with the Governor as to the possibility of experiments.

Malaya

Tin Industry (Rehabilitation Loans)

41.

asked the Secretary of State for the Colonies what loans have been made in Malaya for the rehabilitation of the tin mines; and how the loans have been allocated.

The Government of the Malayan Union are making rehabilitation loans to the tin industry for approved programmes of repair. The loans will be a first charge on the repaired asset and will be set off against any compensation payable for war damage. Any balance remaining after the set off will, in the case of dredges, be repayable in equal instalments over a period of 15 years, or less at the option of the Company, with interest at the rate of 3 per cent. accruing from the date of the loan. The repayment period in the case of hydraulic, gravel pump, open cast and lode mines will depend on the circumstances of the individual case but will not exceed 10 years. Repayment of capital and payment of interest will not begin until a decision has been reached on claims for compensation or on the 1st January, 1950, whichever is the earlier. The companies or persons receiving loans will be required to adopt all reasonable measures for ensuring the highest degree of efficiency in their operations and they will also be required to provide fair conditions of employment.The following table shows the applications for loans and loans approved to date:

Total sums applied for (in Straits dollars) and Loans approved to date and either drawn or available to draw (in Straits dollars).
European mines$46,882,550$27,120,298
Chines mines$24,278,234$8,119,800
Total$71,160,784$35,240,098

Wearing Of Uniform

42.

asked the Secretary of State for the Colonies, if Malays, Chinese or Indians in Malaya who wear jungle-green battle dress which they may have purchased from surplus stock will be allowed to wear this since the regulation was passed on 10th March, 1947, prohibiting the wearing of uniforms.

Under the Public Order Ordinance, 1947, the Governor may prohibit the wearing in public of any uniform or distinctive dress which signifies association with any political organisation or object. I will invite the Governor's comments on the case mentioned by my hon. Friend, and communicate with him on receipt of the reply.

Food Cultivation

43.

asked the Secretary of State for the Colonies what response there has been to the intention that the rubber plantations should plant I per cent. of their acreage with rice and/ or vegetables.

I assume that the hon. Member is referring to the Malayan Union where proprietors of country land or more than 100 acres in extent may be required to cultivate with food crops not less than 2 per cent. of their total acreage. By the end of 1946, 35,000 acres, or 1.75 per cent. of the land in question had been so cultivated.

Proposed Constitution

44.

asked the Secretary of State for the Colonies when the Cheese-man Committee Report is expected; and what action on its findings will be taken.

As indicated in my reply to my hon. Friend the Member for Newport (Mr. Peter Freeman) on 23rd April, the Report of the Cheese-man Consultative Committee has been published and a copy has been placed in the Library of the House. I have not yet received the Governor's recommendations upon it.

Mauritius

Petitions

64.

asked the Secretary of State for the Colonies whether he has considered the petitions of Mr. Lewis Gerald and C. S. M. Saydraouten, of Mauritius; and what answers he has given them.

Yes, Sir. Mr. Gerald addressed a number of petitions to my predecessor and myself by way of appeal from the decision of the courts in Mauritius, and he was informed that we had no power to intervene. Mr. Saydraouten appealed against dismissal from the Police Force. As he has now been reinstated he has been told that I do not propose to take any further action in the matter.

Railway Employees' Complaints

65.

asked the Secretary of State for the Colonies whether he will take steps to inquire into the grievances of employees of the Government railway administration in Mauritius; and whether he is aware that the trade union concerned has made representations without results.

I have been in communication with the Governor of Mauritius, and he informs me that all cases of alleged grievance or injustice have been investigated and that no genuine grievance or instance of victimisation has been disclosed. The complaints in question refer to the posting or promotion of certain individuals. The Mauritius Government's Trade Union Adviser is giving the matter close attention, and a Central Committee has been set up to deal with representations from the Railway Union.

Colonial Office (Shorthand Typists)

66.

asked the Secretary of State for the Colonies whether he is aware that typists and shorthand typists from an outside agency are being employed in his Department; what is their rate of remuneration, including tax, free allowances, and the regulations to which they are conditioned; what additional fee or commission is being paid to the agency; what are the rates of pay and conditions of employment of established and temporary shorthand typists employed directly by his Department on comparable work in the same office; and what steps he is taking to secure for the members of the typing grades directly employed by his Department the same rates and conditions as are enjoyed by those who work under the private agency.

It has been necessary in the Colonial Office to employ for short periods at various times a few shorthand typists and typists from an agency in order to meet special pressure of work or to minimise the delay in urgent work. I am obtaining the information my hon. Friend asks for and will send it to him, but I understand that the charges by the Agency are higher than the wages paid for comparable work in the Civil Service. The question of pay and conditions in the Civil Service is not one for my Department.

Illegal Jewish Immigrants (Cyprus And Palestine)

68.

asked the Secretary of State for the Colonies how many illegal Jewish immigrants are now under guard in Cyprus and Palestine, respectively.

The number of illegal immigrants now in the camps in Cyprus is 14,434· One thousand, eight hundred and forty are held in Palestine, of whom 1,375 are awaiting release under the monthly quota, 346 are women and children rescued from Sirena in December, 1946, and 119 are in hospital.

Economic Situation (Developments)

45.

the Prime Minister if, in view of the deterioration which has been brought about by the fuel breakdown, he will issue a new White Paper dealing with our economic objectives for the year.

No, Sir, I do not think it would be advantageous to issue a new White Paper, but I can assure the hon. Member that we shall continue, as we are doing, to keep the House and the country fully informed of current developments in the economic situation.

Food Supplies

Imported Canned Goods

48.

asked the Minister of Food if he will arrange for open general licences to operate between this country and Belgium, so that canned goods importers can import adequate supplies of Belgian canned vegetables and other canned foods from Belgium at reasonable prices.

Some canned goods are under open general licence. I should like to buy foodstuffs from Belgium, as from other sources. Some canned vegetables are being bought from Belgium; normally we produce nearly all that we need of this commodity.

asked the Minister of Food what quantities, during the last year to the nearest available date, of U.S. canned oysters, Norwegian canned shrimps, dressed crab and similar commodities have been imported; and, in view of the food position in Britain, if he will cease importing these non-essentials in favour of more essential foodstuffs.

All these imports have been made privately under open general licence. Twelve cwt. of canned oysters came from the United States, and 76 tons of dressed crab and similar varieties from Norway, down to 28th February, the latest date for which figures are available. The exclusion of the imports would not, of course, enable us to get more basic foodstuffs.

Convictions

asked the Minister of Food how many cases his enforcement officers have brought before the courts during the past year to the latest available date; and in how many cases have convictions been secured.

During the twelve months ended 31st January, 1947, 23,864 charges were laid again 9,898 people, and convictions were obtained on 22.481, or 94.2 per cent.. of these charges.

Canteen Supplies

asked the Minister of Food the amount of rationed goods per head consumed in canteens; and how do these figures compare with the amount of rationed goods per head issued to the housewife.

We do not know the amount of rationed goods consumed per head in canteens since these foods are allocated on the basis of the number and type of meals served, and not on the number of people who use the canteen.

Stored Foods (Distribution)

asked the Minister of Food what quantities of tinned foods stored at his Department's depots in Wolverhampton at Broad Street and Friar Street have had to be condemned owing to failure to issue them before the safety line indicated had been reached; and what steps are being taken to see that such food is issued before expiry date thus avoiding waste of food and loss of public money.

The only foodstuffs condemned at my Department's depots at Broad Street and Friar Street, Wolverhampton, during the last six months have been seven cases of canned milk and one tin of canned potatoes. All possible steps are taken to ensure that foodstuffs in Ministry depots are distributed within the life of the goods, and the canned milk and canned potatoes had not been in store with my Department for an abnormal period.

Points Foods, Holiday Areas

asked the Minister of Food on what basis unrationed foods and foods on points are allocated to Brighton; whether he is aware that 105.000 visitors entered Brighton by rail alone over Easter; and what steps he is taking to ensure that adequate supplies will be available at the Whitsun and summer holiday periods in view of the anticipated influx of visitors.

I do not control distribution of unrationed foods and I am unable to direct additional supplies to holiday resorts. But I am asking all primary distributors and wholesalers to adjust distribution to meet the needs of the holiday areas and I hope in this respect to receive the same co-operation as I did in the 1945 and 1946 seasons. I do not make any special allocation of points foods to Brighton or other holiday towns, but retailers in those towns have already been given loans of points credits to enable them to buy supplies to meet the holiday demands. I am satisfied that this procedure will ensure adequate supplies of points foods for Whitsun and the summer holiday periods.

Royal Navy

Officer Recruitment (Special Entry Schemes)

69.

asked the Parliamentary Secretary to the Admiralty whether it is proposed to publish the reports of the several committees engaged on the various aspects of officer recruitment during 1946; and whether he will give an indication as to the future of the Dartmouth and Special Entry schemes.

No, Sir. Those committees were appointed to advise the Board of Admiralty on naval problems and It would be contrary to the usual policy to publish their reports. As regards the second part of the Question, I would refer my hon. and gallant Friend to my statement in the recent Debate on the Navy Estimates when I said that I hoped to be able to announce the changes to be made in the Dartmouth and Special Entry Schemes in about eight weeks' time.

Dockyard Workers (Establishment)

70.

asked the Parliamentary Secretary to the Admiralty what alterations are contemplated in the rules regarding establishment in His Majesty's dockyards.

The whole question of the establishment of workpeople in Government establishments is at present under discussion between the official and trade union sides of the Joint Co-ordinating Committee for Government industrial establishments and I am afraid that I cannot anticipate the conclusions of that Committee.

Rosyth

71.

asked the Parliamentary Secretary to the Admiralty if he has considered the letter from the Town Clerk of the burgh of Culross, a copy of which has been sent to him by the hon. Member for West Fife, supporting a resolution passed by the Dunfermline Town Council demanding the retention of the Rosyth Naval Dockyard; and if he has any further statement to make on this matter.

Yes, Sir, but I have nothing to add to the reply which I gave to my hon. Friend on 2nd April last.

Overseas Service (Wives)

72.

asked the Parliamentary Secretary to the Admiralty how many wives of naval ratings have now joined their husbands abroad; and what percentage this number represents of those who have made application for passages.

Excluding those who have joined their husbands under the special arrangements applying to B.A.O.R., 253 wives of naval ratings have sailed to join their husbands abroad. Approximately 10 are still on passage. This figure repre- sents 83 per cent. of the total number of applications received at the Admiralty from Commanders-in-Chief. No information is available at the Admiralty, however, as to the total number of applications which have been considered by Commanders-in-Chief abroad or which are in transit.

Pensionable Engagements

73.

asked the Parliamentary Secretary to the Admiralty the numbers of upper-deck petty officers and ordnance artificers who have signed on to complete time for pension during the quarter ended 25th March, 1947; and in each case what percentage this represents of those eligible to do so.

The number of upperdeck petty officers who have been reported as re-engaging to complete time for pension during the quarter ending 25th March, 1947, is 74; the total number of artificers is 11, but separate figures for ordnance artificers are not available. Many reports are still in transit, and complete figures will not be available for some time. Reports received up to date show that of the upper-deck petty officers whose first engagement terminated during the quarter, 19 per cent. have re-engaged, but these reports are also incomplete.

Stores Depot, Almondbank (Discharge)

74.

asked the Parliamentary Secretary to the Admiralty on what basis selection was made of the men to be discharged as redundant in the Naval Stores Depot, Almondbank, Perthshire, in March, 1947; to what extent the basis of selection was influenced by trade union preferences; and why, of the 17 men discharged, 14 were ex-Servicemen.

The basis on which men were selected for discharge on redundancy at the Royal Naval Stores Depot, Almondbank, in March, 1947, was in accordance with an agreement between the trade union and official sides of the Admiralty Industrial Council, which regulates the procedure in such circumstances at all Admiralty Establishments. Under this agreement, efficiency, length of service and the completion of an Admiralty apprenticeship are all taken into consideration; no special preference is given to trade unionists. At Almondbank, the number selected for discharge included such a high proportion of ex-Servicemen because they were junior in length of service and either had no claim to reinstatement in Admiralty employment or had already been reinstated for the statutory period.

Duty-Free Tobacco

75.

asked the Parliamentary Secretary to the Admiralty what arrangements he will make for securing that the sale of duty-free tobacco and cigarettes in His Majesty's ships conforms with the Government's fiscal policy to reduce consumption of U.S. tobacco.

The privilege of duty-free tobacco and cigarettes is not restricted to naval personnel in His Majesty's ships, but applies also to the mercantile marine and civilians travelling in merchant ships. The Admiralty have not hitherto contemplated any measures of the kind suggested, but would be willing to join with the authorities interested in examining the problem if they so wish.

Cruises (Members Of Parliament)

76.

asked the Parliamentary Secretary to the Admiralty whether he will provide facilities for hon. Members desiring to do so to go to sea in His Majesty's ships for short periods during the Summer Recess or at other convenient times.

I should be glad to make arrangements, if hon. Members wish it, for a visit to the Home Fleet to be organised to coincide with a short operational cruise. I am bound to point out, however, that during the early part of the Summer Recess many men are on leave and ships are kept in port, while later ships of the Home Fleet usually leave home ports for somewhat extended cruises.

U-Boat Sinkings

77.

asked the Parliamentary Secretary to the Admiralty whether all the German submarines agreed to be sunk have already been sunk; or whether any of those that are to be sunk remain in the hands of any of the Allies.

It was agreed at Potsdam that the German U-boat fleet should be sunk, except for 30 U-boats which should be equally divided between the U.K., U.S.A. and U.S.S.R. The Royal Navy and United States Navy fulfilled their obligation in the matter by the appointed date, 15th February, 1946. The Soviet Government stated last December that they had been unable to do so, but have since given an undertaking that they will do so by August this year.

"Warspite" (Personnel)

78.

asked the Parliamentary Secretary to the Admiralty whether there were any naval personnel on board the "Warspite" during her recent voyage under tow.

No, Sir; at the time in question the "Warspite" was entirely out of Admiralty hands, and there were no naval personnel on board.

Shipbuilding Advisory Committee (Personnel)

asked the Parliamentary Secretary to the Admiralty upon what principles membership of the Shipbuilding Advisory Committee is granted to representatives or nominees of trade unions and professional associations; and whether his attention has been drawn to the rejection, without reason given, of an application by the Institution of Professional Civil Servants for representation on this Committee.

The approved composition of the Shipbuilding Advisory Committee was stated in the reply given by my right hon. Friend the Minister for Transport to my hon. Friend the Member for Everton (Mr. Kirby) on 27th June, 1946. The three unions represented are those of the employees of the shipbuilding and shipowning industries respectively. The Institution of Professional Civil Servants, in reply to a request for representation in December last, were informed that the Admiralty saw no sufficient reason for altering the approved constitution of the Committee. This is still the Admiralty's view.

Burma (British Civil Servants)

89.

asked the Under-Secretary of State for Burma whether he is in a position to make a statement concerning the future status of British civil servants in Burma.

I presume that the hon. Member is referring to the conditions of service of European officers who continue to serve in Burma after the transfer of power. As regards officers under the control of the Secretary of State, I would refer the hon. Member to the statement made this afternoon by the Prime Minister. The conditions of service of officers not under the control of the Secretary of State have for some years been determined by the Government of Burma on their own responsibility and the future terms of service for such officers will be for negotiation between them and the Government of Burma.

Herring (Supplies To Germany)

93.

asked the Secretary of State for Scotland whether we are going to continue sending fresh fish and cured herring to the British zone in Germany during the remainder of this year; and what number of barrels of cured herring is contemplated.

An offer made by the Herring Industry Board on behalf of the British herring industry to supply at least 20,000 tons of fresh and 25,000 tons of cured herring from the British 1947 catch is at present under consideration by the joint Anglo-American authority in Germany which is responsible for the procurement of food for the combined British and American zones. The joint authority have at present no requirement for white fish from this country but it is hoped that arrangements may be made later in the year.

Bankside Power Station (Smoke)

96.

asked the Minister of Fuel and Power what special steps will be taken to prevent oil smoke from the new Bankside power station interfering with the view of St. Paul's.

In giving their consent to the erection of the new stations, the Electricity Commissioners will stipulate that it should use the most efficient methods for eliminating smoke. The details of this requirement will be settled in agreement with my right hon. Friends the Ministers of Health and Works. Moreover, any emission of black smoke would be subject to the smoke nuisance provisions in the Public Health (London) Act, 1936, and smoke by-laws made by the London County Council.

Coal Industry (Five-Day Week)

97.

asked the Minister of Fuel and Power whether the Government will take steps, in consultation with the National Coal Board and the National Union of Mineworkers, to ensure that where a sufficient number of miners in a pit volunteer to work more than the five consecutive shifts stipulated in the five-day week agreement, they are enabled to do so, specially rewarded for doing so and suitably thanked for their patriotism in the national emergency.

The agreement on the five-day week was reached after negotiation between the National Coal Board and the National Union of Mineworkers. If any substantial body of miners wished to work more than five consecutive shifts each week it would be for them to approach their union in the first instance. It would be ultimately for the National Coal Board to decide after consultation with the National Union of Mineworkers whether, with the cycle of operation adjusted to five day working, this is practicable or desirable in the interests of production.

British Broadcasting Corporation

Gramophone Records

80.

asked the Postmaster-General what financial arrangements the B.B.C. make with the gramophone companies in respect of the extensive playing of gramophone records

I have no information to add to that given to my hon. Friend by the Assistant Postmaster-General on 2nd April, 1947.

Radio Station, White Horse Hill

87.

asked the Postmaster-General whether he realises the indignation which the proposal to erect a television station on White Horse Hill, in Berkshire, has caused among all who love England's beauty and respect her history; and whether he will assure the House that he will not proceed with it.

85.

asked tht Postmaster General if he will make a statement regarding the proposed construction of a high radio mast and some buildings on, or in the neighbourhood of, the White Horse Hill, south of Uffington, on the Berkshire Downs; and, as the early British and Roman camps on the summit of this hill, together with Wayland the Smith's site, are preserved as national historical monuments, if he will undertake that no disfiguring structures will be permitted near the Ridgeway, which is a public right of way reserved for persons walking or riding and closed to all forms of motor traffic.

The proposed radio station near White Horse Hill is one of three small relay stations required in connection with research into the transmission of television signals by radio from London to Bristol and Cardiff. This research is being undertaken by the Post Office at the request of the Television Advisory Committee. All these relay stations have to be on high ground with unobstructed radio paths between them. The county planning authorities have been consulted as to the two sites needed in the Berkshire Downs area and these are located as far from the summit of the hill as technical considerations permit. One site is about a quarter of a mile south of the Ridgeway and the other about a mile and a half north-east of Wayland the Smith's Cave. The masts which will in fact be ordinary telegraph poles will not be more than 30 feet high and the small building on each site not more than about 15 feet high. Trees will be planted around each site. The hon. Members will, I hope, agree that everything possible is being done to avoid injury to the amenities of the Ridgeway.

"English Marginal Notes"

asked the Postmaster-General if he will give a list of the names of all those who have broadcast in the "English Marginal Notes" series of broadcasts and the number of broadcasts which each broadcaster has made since 15th November, 1946.

The names of those who have broadcast in the "English Marginal Notes" series since the 15th November, 1946, and the number of broadcasts which each has made since that date, are as follow: A Bullock, 1, Lady Violet Bonham Carter, 1, R. H. S Crossman, M.P., 1, C. Dilke, 3, R. Ehrenzweig, 1, Dingle Foot, 1, Lindley Fraser, 1, P. C. Gordon Walker, M.P., 3, G. Gretton, 1, K. Naumann, 1, R. V. Ogilvie, 5, E. Schuetz, 1, K. P. Schulz, 1, W. M. Vane, M.P., 1, D. Walker Smith. M.P., 1.

Post Office

Trade Union Recognition

81.

asked the Postmaster-General why he has decided to recognise only the Civil Service Clerical Association in his negotiations with Post Office clerks; and why he has withdrawn recognition from the National Association of Women Civil Servants and the Association of Ex-Service Civil Servants.

My predecessor reached this decision because the great majority of the organised clerical staff in the Post Office were members of the Civil Service Clerical Association and not of the other associations.

Sub-Postmasters

83.

asked the Postmaster-General if he is satisfied that the remuneration of village postmasters and postmistresses is adequate, having regard to the present cost of living and to the additional duties which they have to undertake as a result of recent legislation and administrative action.

The basis of remuneration of sub-postmasters and sub-postmistresses has recently been revised in agreement with the National Federation of Sub Postmasters, and I am satisfied that the settlement reached should provide equitable payment for the services rendered.

Lost Letters And Parcels

84.

asked the Postmaster-General whether his information indicates an increase in non-delivery of private letters through the post.

I presume the hon. Member refers to loss of letters in the post. While no figures are available with regard to unregistered letters, the indication is that loses of registered letters have declined from the wartime peak.

asked the Postmaster-General the total number of letters and parcels lost during 1946; and what percentage of these was registered.

I regret that the information for which the hon. Member asks is not available.

Mails, Jamaica

86.

asked the Postmaster-General by what route ordinary mails are sent to Jamaica.

Surface mails for Jamaica are despatched by the all sea route or via New York when that route offers an earlier arrival in Jamaica. There have been 20 outlets this year to date.

Polish Camp, Great Livermere

asked the Postmaster-General if a temporary post office can be installed in the Polish camp at Great Livermere, near Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolk, in order to relieve congestion in the parcels despatch department of the office in Bury St. Edmunds.

The postal business transacted by the Polish personnel in the camp at Great Livermere hardly warrants the provision of a post office there, and even if one were established I should still expect the bulk of the camp parcels to be posted at the Bury St. Edmunds head post office. I am endeavouring to arrange for Polish personnel visiting Bury St. Edmunds to post their parcels and registered letters at a subsidiary office and I hope this will be effective in providing the desired relief at the head office counter.

Savings Bank Books (Checking)

asked the Postmaster-General why savings bank books must now be sent to headquarters for checking after each page is completed.

It is desirable to check savings bank books against the central ledgers at reasonably frequent intervals. The frequency depends upon the manpower available and the internal rules are necessarily subject to variation.

Surplus

asked the Postmaster-General whether in view of the surplus disclosed by the financial statement in excess of the£12,500,000 a year provided for in the Bridgman Committee Report, he will now state whether it is the Government's intention in future to adhere to the Bridgman Committee Report.

Under Section 63 of the Finance Act, 1940, the enactments relating to the Post Office Fund cease to have effect until Parliament otherwise determines. I do not think that it is desirable to resume these arrangements until the revenues and expenditure of the Post Office have become more stable.

Airfields, Suffolk

88.

asked the Secretary of State for Air when it is proposed to demolish the huts and buildings at Tuddenham and Rattlesden aerodromes, Suffolk, to enable this land to be returned for use in agriculture.

Tuddenham airfield is still needed by the R.A.F. and none of the huts and buildings can yet be given up. Rattlesden airfield is no longer needed by the R.A.F. but the buildings are at present used by other Government Departments and I cannot say when they will be released. At both airfields, however, as much of the land as possible is already being farmed.

Polish Camp, Thetford

asked the Secretary of State for Air how many Polish troops are now located on the aerodrome near Thetford; what work they are doing; and what is the weekly cost of their maintenance.

There are at present 985 Poles at the Polish Resettlement Station near Thetford. Six hundred and ninety-seven are members of the Polish Resettlement Corps and are being taught English and receiving other training to fit them for resettlement. Most of the rest are awaiting repatriation to Poland. The weekly cost of maintenance, including pay, is approximately£5,800.

Motor Vessel "Behar" (Sinking)

90.

asked the Minister of Transport if he is aware that Chief Engineer Joseph N. Craig, a Merchant Navy officer of Aberdeen, and other members of the crew of the British merchant vessel, m.v. "Behar," were killed while in Japanese hands at Batavia in March, 1944; what were the circumstances in which this tragedy occurred; where the dead are buried; and what provision has been made for their dependants.

The "Behar" was sunk by a Japanese cruiser in March, 1944. Three of the crew were killed by shellfire, and the survivors taken on board the Japanese vessel. After some days some were landed in Batavia but 69, including Engineer-officer Craig, were detained on board, and executed by the Japanese on the night of 18th March, 1944. The vessel was not in harbour at the time, and it is probable the bodies were committed to the sea. Those responsible for this appalling crime are now in custody and will be shortly brought to trial. The dependants of those who lost their lives have been awarded allowances under the Mercantile Marine War Pensions Schemes.

Road Maintenance Arrears

91.

asked the Minister of Transport why he has reversed his former policy of encouraging local highway authorities to try to overtake accumulated arrears of maintenance; whether he is aware that any further delay will greatly increase the ultimate cost in labour, materials and money; and why he failed to consult the authorities affected before deciding to require them to cut their estimates for 1947–48 to 70 per cent. of their authorised expenditure in 1946–47 on Class I and II roads and to 40 per cent. of the said expenditure on Class III roads.

It is still my view that arrears of highway maintenance due to the war should be made good as quickly as practicable, but it has been necessary to inform many county councils that grants will not be available towards the full amount of their estimates for the maintenance of classified roads in the current financial year because the anticipated Grant in Aid of the Road Fund is insufficient to allow of so generous a provision.

92.

asked the Minister of Transport whether he will give an assurance that the Warwick County Council will be permitted to overtake in 1947–48 any arrears of road maintenance for which labour and materials are available.

The amount of road maintenance to be undertaken is within the competence of the county council but I cannot hold out hope of a larger grant from the Road Fund than has already been indicated.

Foreign Workers (Naturalisation)

94.

asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department the policy of His Majesty's Government towards the question of granting, in due course, British nationality to foreign volunteer workers in the United Kingdom.

If the hon. Member is referring to aliens now being admitted to this country for work, this question will not arise until they can comply with the statutory qualifications for naturalisation, that is five years residence in the United Kingdom or Crown Service and an intention to continue to reside in the United Kingdom or Dominions.

Great Britain And Northern Ireland (Travel Formalities)

95.

asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department whether, in view of the active part which Great Britain is playing in the movement for improving word-wide travel facilites, he will now make arrangements to abolish altogether all formalities with regard to travel between Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

So far as concerns persons normally resident in Great Britain or Northern Ireland the only requirement is that they shall carry travel identity cards—which can be obtained without any fee—or passports, to enable them to be distinguished at sight from other passengers and passed through the control without delay.

Atomic Research (Animals)

asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department whether he is satisfied that research with animals on the effects of atomic energy radiations at the Didcot Research Station is to be conducted on premises registered under the Cruelty to Animals Act, 1876.

No experiments on animals will be carried out at this station unless and until it is registered under the Act of 1876.

International Bank

98.

asked the Chancellor of the Exchequer whether the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development is now ready to begin operations; whether any applications have so far been made to it for loans; and what has been the response to such applications.

Yes, Sir; at least eight applications have been lodged and are being studied. So far as I know no firm commitments have yet been undertaken.

German Prisoners (Accommodation)

asked the Minister of Works how many German prisoners of war, working on housing sites, are now living in tented camps; and if it is his intention to continue to keep them so accommodated.

There is one tented camp in which 18 German prisoners of war, working on housing sites in London, are now living. The reply to the second part of the Question is in the negative.

Ministry Of Supply

Loss Of "Warspite"

99.

asked the Minister of Supply on whom the financial loss resulting from the wreck of the "Warspite" falls; and if it is proposed to hold an inquiry into the circumstances which led to the disaster.

The "Warspite" was sold by the Ministry of Supply to Metal Industries, Limited, on whom the loss will fall, except to the extent that it may be covered by insurance. As regards the second part of the Question, I understand that my right hon. Friend the Minister of, Transport is holding a preliminary inquiry.

Metals (Bulk Purchasing)

asked the Minister of Supply how long he intends to continue the existing policy of bulk purchase in the metal market; and when he will be in a position to state when this market will be freed.

I regret that I cannot at present say when bulk purchasing of metals will be brought to an end.

Agriculture

Personal Case

asked the Minister of Agriculture if he will inquire into the case, of which he has received particulars, where an owner of a nursery was ejected from his holding in the spring of 1941 and, although still cultivating six acres of land for food production, the Agricultural Executive Committee requested the local office of the Ministry of Labour to reclassify and direct him to work of national importance; and what action he will take in this matter.

Inquiries are being made into the case in question in consultation with the Ministry of Labour, and I will write to the hon. Member as soon as possible.

Footpath, Ennerdale

asked the Minister of Agriculture what is the purpose of the alterations now being made to the rough cart track and public footpath running up Ennerdale through land occupied by the Forestry Commission; what is the need for the road surface to be of tarmac, or for the width of the road, augmented by passing places, to exceed eight feet; and whether he will give an assurance that the road will not become a public motor road and that recognition will be given to the need for preserving the natural beauty of this secluded national park area.

The purpose of the alterations is to make the track suitable for vehicles for forest fire-fighting and transport of forest produce. The surface will be earth-bound, not tarmac, and the width, excluding passing bays, will be nine feet, which is the minimum consistent with the purpose of the alterations. I can assure my hon. Friend that there is no intention to make a public motor road and that due regard will be had to the amenities. Full discussions have already been held with the Ministry of Town and Country Planning, local authorities, and other interested bodies.

War Pension Recipients

asked the Minister of Pensions how many persons are in receipt of war disability pensions from the first and second wars, respectively, in the various percentage qualifications.

The approximate numbers of persons in receipt of disability pensions or weekly allowances in the various percentage groups are as follow:

Degree of Disablement.War 1914War 1939
NumberNumber
10022,00030,600
902,400500
8011,5007,400
7018,00010,900
6028,30014,700
5043,90022,600
4043,80039,600
3070,00093,800
20105,000124,500
Less than 2012,00060,700
TOTALS356,900405,300

Education Training Awards

asked the Minister of Education why he is refusing to assist ex-Servicemen, who are trained qualified teachers and who paid their own fees and maintained themselves whilst at training colleges, to read for degrees and so become better qualified teachers; why they are now being informed that it is unlikely that they will be eligible for awards under the Further Education and Training Scheme; and if he will review their position.

It is a condition of an Award under the Further Education and Training Scheme that an applicant shall have been unable, as the result of his war service, to start training for a career, or have suffered interruption of his training. Teachers who before their war service had completed their training at a training college are qualified teachers; they would normally have been assisted from public funds to obtain this training and in the usual way would not have been assisted also to take a full-time degree course. Awards, therefore, are ordinarily made under the scheme only where a qualified teacher shows that he was in fact definitely prevented by his war service from taking a full-time course at a university.

Pneumoconiosis (Boiler Scalers)

asked the Minister of National Insurance if he will consider providing a special scheme whereby people employed as boiler scalers will be included in the regulations providing benefit under the Industrial Injuries Act if they contract pneumoconiosis by virtue of their employment, including in such a scheme any man who has already contracted such a disease under these circumstances.

The hon. Member will no doubt have received my letter of 24th April in which I explained that the question of including this occupation in regulations under the Industrial Injuries Act providing benefit for pneumoconiosis will be considered. I should add that there would not be power to apply the regulations retrospectively so as to include men who have given up the employment before the appointed day for the commencement of the new scheme.

Civil Aviation

Airways Terminal (Telephone Delays)

asked the Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Civil Aviation if he is aware of the long delays experienced in making telephone contact with Airways Terminal in London; that, after making contact with the Terminal, further delays take place before the caller is put into touch with the department required; that combined delays up to one hour are harmful to British prestige and good business; and if he will take immediate steps to improve the telephone services and the internal administration of Airways Terminals.

Airways Terminal is the property of the British Overseas Airways Corporation. My noble Friend is not responsible for its internal administration which is, of course, a matter for the Corporation. I understand, however, that substantial additions have recently been made to the service, and that the facilities will be further augmented when a new underground cable has been laid by the G.P.O.

Statistics (Publication)

asked the Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Civil Aviation (1) the figures of passengers, mail and freight carried each month during the past 12 months by all the United Kingdom internal airline companies, by routes and companies, separately;(2) the figures of passengers, mail and freight carried by B.S.A.A.C. each way for each of the last 12 months between the United Kingdom and Lisbon, Dakar, Natal, Rio de Janiero, Montevideo, Buenos Aires, Azores, Bermuda, Nassau, Kingston, Caracas, Port of Spain, Lima and Santiago.(3) the figures of passengers, mail and freight carried by B.E.A.C., each way, month by month, since 1st August, 1946, between the United Kingdom and Amsterdam, Bordeaux, Madrid, Brussels, Paris, Gibraltar, Lisbon, Prague, Frankfurt, Vienna, Hamburg, Berlin, Marseilles, Rome, Athens, Istanbul, Ankara, Gothenburg, Stockholm, Helsinki, Stavanger, Oslo and Copenhagen;(4) the figures of passengers, mail and freight carried by B.O.A.C. during each of the last 12 months, each way, between the United Kingdom and Egypt, Palestine, Iraq, India, Burma, Siam, Malaya, Netherlands East Indies, Australia, Hong Kong and New Zealand; between the United Kingdom and Sudan, East Africa, North and South Rhodesia, South Africa; between the United Kingdom and. France. Portugal, North Africa, the Gambia Sierre Leone, and Nigeria; and between the United Kingdom and Canada and the United Kingdom and the U.S.A.

Statistics of this kind are not normally made available by airline operators. As my predecessor indicated to a committee of the House during the passage of the Civil Aviation Bill, it would riot be in the public interest to require the Corporations to disclose more information than is published by competing airlines. The annual reports of the three Corporations will of course give very full information about their activities. Consideration is also being given to the question of the regular publication of suitable statistics of civil air traffic.

Trade And Commerce

Dutch Re-Exports

asked the President of the Board of Trade (1) how many medicine bottles exported to Belgium have been re-imported into this country at an increased price;(2) what quantity of pots and pans exported to Holland have been re-imported into this country at an increased price.

The quantities of goods re-imported into this country are not separately recorded, but I am sending the right hon. Gentleman a letter giving the best information we have available.

Paper ("Jewish Standard")

asked the President of the Board of Trade the allocation of newsprint made to the "Jewish Standard"; and whether, as this journal has consistently encouraged the activities of the terrorists in Palestine, as in the issue submitted, he will consider the transference of that newsprint to supplying school text books.

Newsprint is licensed to this publication under the normal arrangements applying to all newspapers. I am not prepared to use the control of paper to exercise any censorship over the Press. Newsprint would not in any case be suitable for school text books.

Cups And Saucers

asked the President dent of the Board of Trade if he is-aware that retailers are only selling saucers to purchasers providing they buy cups or mugs to go with them; and whether he will take steps to prevent this condition of sale in these instances.

Yes, Sir, I am aware of the practice referred to and if, as is usual, it is the trader's normal practice not to sell cups and saucers separately he is quite entitled, under Section 9 of the Goods and Services (Price Control) Act, 1941, to refuse to do so. If my hon. Friend will let me have particulars of any case where it is unlikely that the trader can so justify his action,I will ask the local price regulation committee to investigate.

Cotton Industry Scheme

asked the President of the Board of Trade whether his proposals for the improvement of the cotton-spinning trade have now been accepted by the employers and the employees; and, if so, when will the scheme come into force.

I have received from the organisations representing employers and operatives in the cotton industry assurances of co-operation which enable me to put the scheme into effect as from 1st May. Further details are contained in the following copy of a letter I have sent to the Chairman of the Cotton Board:28th

April, 1947.

My dear STREAT,

I have now received from the representative organisations of the cotton employers and operatives their replies to the proposals I put before them in Manchester on 3rd December last. These proposals were directed in the first place to the spinning section and envisaged a co-operative effort by all concerned—employers, operatives and Government—tó bring it thoroughly up to date and to establish it on a sound footing for the future. It may be helpful if I recapitulate the principal features of the scheme. So far as the industry itself was concerned the main lines of action were to be:

  • (a) the grouping of mills into manœuverable units,
  • (b) the extensive re-equipment and modernisation of mills within a reasonably short period of time,
  • (c) the introduction of two-shift working as and when the mills were progressively modernised,
  • (d) the acceptance and encouragement of new methods of labour deployment and utilisation by both sides of the industry,
  • and the Government offered, as their share in the joint effort, to make a grant of 25 per cent. of the cost of the mechanical re-equipment of grouped mills. The first stage of the scheme would cover the re-equipment of mills containing one-third of the capacity of each group, when this stage was under way a second third would be dealt with, after which the position would be reviewed. In order to qualify for assistance groups would require to control a minimum of about 500,000 (mule equivalent) spindles but this figure might be relaxed somewhat in exceptional cases. Orders for machinery would have to be placed not later than two years from the scheme's coming into operation and a target date of five years would be set for the completion of deliveries.

    The scheme, as I have emphasised from the first, must be regarded as a whole. It cannot succeed without the support of the leaders, and of the rank and file, of both sides of the industry. Moreover, it has always been our intention that the Cotton Board, and in due course its successor body, should play a large part in the development of the scheme, both as regards its day-to-day running and as regards any adjustments to suit changing circumstances. The task of the Cotton Board would be impossible unless it were assured of the co-operation of the principal sectional organisations. These organisations have considered the scheme with the utmost care and with full realisation of the grave responsibility, not only to their members but also to the nation, which rested upon them. There were various features of the scheme which were unwelcome to one side or the other, but the Federation of Master Cotton Spinners' Associations have now assured me of their willingness to assist the Cotton Board by advice and cooperation in connection with the scheme, and a Special Delegate Conference of the United Textile Factory Workers' Association have formally endorsed a recommendation of their Legislative Council pledging their full cooperation to the implementation of the scheme. The Card Room Amalgamation, after expressing their willingness to assist in connection with re-equipment, state that in so far as shift work is concerned, they will not actively oppose, nor will they recommend the members to accept, the system, so that the workers will have the freedom to decide for themselves when the issue arises.

    In view of these assurances the Government feel justified in putting the scheme into operation from 1st May, 1947.

    The Cotton Board have undertaken to advise the Board of Trade in regard to applications for assistance under the scheme and it will therefore be appropriate that applications should be addressed in the first place to the Cotton Board. You will no doubt be informing the firms concerned very shortly as to the manner in which applications should be made, but meanwhile the following paragraphs may help to clarify some of the issues that will arise:

  • (a) the Government grant will be payable in respect of equipment but not buildings. Final decisions on what classes of equipment can rank for subsidy in modernisation schemes put forward by groups must depend upon the detailed examination of the schemes, but it is the intention that equipment of the kinds set out in the annex to this letter comprised in such modernisation schemes shall qualify. It is, as you will appreciate, difficult to lay down in advance precise rules which take account of all possible cases that may be raised and this list will be subject to such modification as may prove to be desirable in the light of experience,
  • (b) If necessary, special steps will be taken to assist grouped firms to obtain the cotton spinning (and preparatory) machinery for the carrying-out of approved modernisation schemes put forward under these general arrangements. It should be noted that this promise of preferential treatment for approved schemes applies to spinning (including preparatory) machinery: it will probably not be possible to extend it to other forms of equipment,
  • (c) applications for the Government grant must be examined from two points of view, first, can the applicants be regarded as a satisfactory group for the present purpose, and secondly, can their plans be acceptable as adequate for the effective modernisation of their mills. I fully approve the intention you have expressed in discussion with me of requiring applicants in the first place to produce satisfactory evidence that they represent groups which are qualified to participate in, and carry out their share of, the general scheme. In this connection the Cotton Board will, of course, take into account any special considerations that may appear to warrant some relaxation of the rule regarding the minimum size of groups in order to advise the Board of Trade on the point. After applicants have been registered as qualified groups they will be asked to indicate which of the properties under their control are first to be modernised. (I should make it quite clear that the plan for modernising one-third of each group as a first stage means fully modernising complete units not the partial modernisation of a greater number of units.) They will then be asked to submit detailed schedules of their modernisation plans with estimates of costs, in order that the Cotton Board may advise us on whether the plans can be accepted as embodying satisfactory modernisation. When the plans have been accepted, payment of the subsidy will be made on presentation of the receipted invoices from the suppliers.
  • As has already been announced, the scheme is being extended to cover deliveries made since V.J. Day (16th August, 1945). Qualified groups wishing to avail themselves of this must in the first place nominate mills to be included in their one-third for modernisation and submit details of their modernisation arrangements for approval.

    (d) The Chancellor of the Exchequer announced in Parliament on 15th April his intention of reducing to half the standard rate the Income Tax charged when, as a result of the formation of approved amalgamations, machinery or plant is sold for more than its written-down value. The procedure for dealing with applications for approval, for the purpose of obtaining this concession, will be assimilated as far as possible to the procedure outlined above.

    The above is no more than the general outline of the main essentials of the procedure to he followed. You will be able to fill in many more of the details when you communicate with those concerned. None of the plans can be made too rigid at this stage, and we, like you, will try to retain a sufficient degree of flexibility, especially in the early stages when practical experience may indicate how the administration of the scheme can be improved. Difficulties and unforeseen problems will undoubtedly arise but I am convinced that with the goodwill and assistance we have been promised by the industry we shall be able rapidly to overcome them.

    The time has now come to put our proposals into effect. The Government are offering a degree of participation in the joint effort such as we have offered and can offer to no other Industry. We shall wholeheartedly carry out our share of the partnership. I appeal to all in the industry, employers, managers and operatives alike, to do their part with equal enthusiasm. Lancashire's pre-eminence in the cotton field was based initially upon the superiority of her equipment, the skill of her workers and the enterprise of her industrialists. The output of the industry must be increased. It cannot be increased by relying on pre-war methods and pre-war plant but only by the use of the best machinery, the best management and the best operational conditions in a way which encourages maximum production. I know that the sterling qualities of the people of Lancashire still persist and properly applied, can once more enable us to overcome our difficulties.

    Yours sincerely,

    (Signed) R. STAFFORD CRIPPS

    Sir Raymond Streat, C.B.E.,

    The Cotton Board,

    Midland Bank Building,

    Spring Gardens,

    Manchester, 2.

    Annex

    Classes of machinery, etc., which will rank for subsidy when forming part of approved modernisation schemes:

  • (a) Textile machinery (preparatory machinery, spinning frames, etc.) of the classes normally used in the cotton spinning mills.
  • (b) Ancillaries to the above (e.g., larger cans, bobbins, etc.).
  • (c) Power plant and equipment (including electric motors for individual or batch drive from purchased electricity).
  • (d) Air-conditioning equipment.
  • (e) Dust extraction equipment.
  • (f) Lighting equipment.
  • (g) Mechanical conveyors.