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Written Answers

Volume 437: debated on Thursday 22 May 1947

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Written Answers To Questions

Thursday, 22nd May, 1947


Emergency Training (Ex-Service Personnel)


asked the Minister of Education how many training centres for ex-Service men and women are at present in operation under the Further Education and Training Scheme; and whether, in view of the large number of ex-Service personnel waiting for training, steps are being taken to establish more training centres.

Awards under this Scheme made by my Department are tenable not at training centres, but at universities, technical colleges and similar institutions and I am not aware of any large number awaiting training. If the hon. and gallant Member will send me further information, I will consider the matter.


asked the Minister of Education whether the waiting period for applicants accepted for the Emergency Training Scheme for Teachers runs from the date of application by the individual concerned or some other date; and whether the same rule obtains for applicants from the Armed Forces who have not been released at the date of application.

The waiting period for candidates who apply while still in the Forces starts from the date of Class A release. For other candidates it starts from date of application.

Occasional Holidays

asked the Minister of Education whether he is aware that some local authorities granted a holiday on May Day; that these holidays have on occasion been granted by the application of a political party; and whether he will issue a directive to authorities directing them not to grant a school holiday on days which have political associations.

The answer to the first part of the Question is in the affirmative: to the second and third parts in the negative. The fixing of occasional holidays during term time is a matter for the local education and school authorities.

Prosecuting Counsel (Instructions)


asked the Attorney-General, whether any particular instructions are issued to counsel prosecuting on behalf of Government departments to press for prison or any other specific sentences; and if he will give an assurance that the long-standing tradition of the Bar touching the duties of prosecuting will be respected.

I am not aware of any case in which counsel prosecuting on behalf of a Government Department has been given instructions that are not in accordance with the well-established traditions of the Bar in these matters, and I hope that members of both branches of the profession will bring any such cases to my attention.

Trade And Commerce

Confectioners' Machinery (Exports)


asked the President of the Board of Trade what is the value of exported machinery suitable for the manufacture of confectionery to hard currency countries and to sterling countries, respectively.

The total value of exports of bakers' and confectioners' machinery (including machinery for sweet making) in January and February, 1947, was £127,000 of which about £30,000 went to hard currency countries, £78,000 to the sterling area and £19,000 to other countries.

Passengers' Purchases "Queen Elizabeth"


asked the President of the Board of Trade whether he intends to extend the ban preventing British subjects from purchasing goods on British ships as is done on the "Queen Elizabeth."

There is no ban preventing British subjects from purchasing goods on the "Queen Elizabeth," though there are restrictions on the cashing of certain forms of cheques.

Rowing Boats (Export Licences)


asked the President of the Board of Trade whether it is the policy for rowing eights to be built for export to foreigners; and what the number of such boats exported in the last 12 months and their price.

Yes. I understand from my noble Friend, the First Lord of the Admiralty, that the number of licences issued by his Department for the building of these craft for export in the year ended 30th April, 1947, was 81. I regret I have no information as to the number exported nor of the prices obtained.

Timber Mill, Marks Tey (Building Licence)


asked the President of the Board of Trade whether he is aware that Messrs. W. A. Moore and Company, of Marks Tey, Essex, asked his Department in January to sponsor an application for a building licence for a new timber mill which is urgently needed; that they were informed on 10th April, by his regional office, that the application had been approved by headquarters and would be considered by the regional committee and, on 5th May, that the project had been approved by them and the papers forwarded to London for the approval of headquarters; and what the present position is, in view of the necessity for getting this construction carried out before next winter.

As my hon. Friend has already been informed, the delay in this case, which I regret, was due to the illness of both inspectors of the local Timber Control Office. A recommendation for the issue of a licence was sent to the Ministry of Works on 13th May.

Scotch Whisky (Supplies)


asked the President of the Board of Trade whether he is aware that the decision to increase exports of Scotch whisky from this country and to reduce the supplies available for consumption in this country will result in there being insufficient supplies for the increased tourist traffic which is being stimulated by his Department; and whether action will be taken to rectify this matter before tourist traffic begins to develop.

I am aware that the agreement reached with the Scotch Whisky Association to increase exports of Scotch whisky will reduce the supplies available at home, and I am informed the Association are endeavouring to secure the most equitable distribution possible of these supplies. It would be administratively impracticable to make special provisions for tourists in this case


asked the President of the Board of Trade whether he is aware of the inadequate dollar return resulting from the shipment of Scotch whisky direct to the U.S.A. at only £3 per case, whereas, if a proportion of this whisky was sent to Bermuda for consumption by Americans in that island, it would produce a far greater dollar return; avid whether steps will be taken to divert part of the whisky exports in this way.

There would be no means of ensuring that whisky diverted to Bermuda from U.S.A. or other hard currency destinations would be consumed exclusively by Americans.

Dollar Sales

asked the President of the Board of Trade what the total of sales made to the U.S. Army PX Department in Europe is at the moment; and what hopes he has of expanding it.

Sales to the United States Army PX Department in Europe already paid for now total approximately 900,000 dollars and orders in hand are over 200,000 dollars. I am fully aware of the value of this source of dollar earnings and my Department is maintaining close contact with the London Procurement Officer of the PX Department to whom we are giving all the assistance we can in obtaining supplies from this country. Our prospects of expanding this trade depend mainly on the availability of goods.

National Softwood Brokers, Limited (Functions)

asked the President of the Board of Trade what are the detailed functions of the National Softwood Brokers, Limited; what remuneration is now paid for such services and on what basis this has been determined; and whether allocation of softwood to merchants is made by the company or by Timber Control.

The main functions of the National Softwood Brokers Limited are:

  • (a) to handle in trust for the Timber Control all imported softwood until its disposal to merchants,
  • (b) to act as del credere selling agents to merchants for the Control,
  • (c) to arrange storage for goods not sold ex ship, and
  • (d) to make necessary disbursements and collect sales, proceeds, etc., on behalf of the Control.
  • The current remuneration is at the rate of £177,000 a year for expenses (based on ascertained expenses during the previous year) and management plus
    Material.Government or Administration.Provision for review of prices.Date of expiry.Remarks
    CottonNigeriaPrice fixed on estimate of world prices over period and not subject to review.Disposal of 1948 crop.For purchase of exportable surplus.
    FlaxCanada, Australia and New Zealand.Subject to agreement annually and in case of Australia and New Zealand to sharing profit or loss in proportion to value of flax taken (except for 1946 crop.)Disposal of 1946 crop.Covers production from an agreed acreage.
    Hemp (Sisal)British East Africa.Subject to review annually or at any time for special reasonsDisposal of production up to 31st Dec. 1947Agreement for purchase of exportable surplus is with producers negotiated through Government.
    HidesBritish East and West African Governments.Subject to review by agreement periodically in light of world price.6 months' notice on either side.Covers all supplies of suitable hides
    GoatskinsBritish East and West African Governments.Subject to review by agreement periodically in light of world price.3 months' notice on either side.Covers fixed proportion of exportable surplus
    PyrethrumBritish East African Govt.Subject to annual review.Disposal of 1947 crop.Agreement with Pyrethrum Board negotiated through Government for exportable surplus.
    MolassesU.S. Government (Recon Fin. Corp.).Subject to review it appreciable increase in level of prices of U.S. goods imported into Cuba.Disposal of 1947 crop.Covers allocated share in Cuban production.

    del credere expenses which will depend on turnover. Allocations of softwood to merchants are made by the Timber Control, and the Company is responsible for the detailed arrangements necessary to implement the allocations made by the Control.

    Raw Materials (Long-Term Contracts)

    asked the President of the Board of Trade if he will give a list of the long-term contracts for raw materials which have been made with other Governments or Colonial administrations; and indicate in each case what provision there is for the reduction or review of the rates during the term and the dates when each contract expires.

    Venezuelan Cocoa (Imports)

    asked the President of the Board of Trade if he is aware that the imports of raw cocoa from Venezuela throughout the whole of 1946, with the exception of December, totalled 627 cwts.; that for the month of December the figure increased to 9,642 cwts., but has dropped to an average of 474 cwts. per month this year; what is the explanation for the December figure; and whether it is expected that the present monthly rate will be increased to correspond with it.

    I am informed by my right hon. Friend the Minister of Food that imports of this commodity are of a seasonal character, which accounts for the high December figure. He does not consider it would be in the public interest to make any statement about his intentions regarding future purchases.

    Coal Industry

    Miners' Inducements


    asked the Minister of Fuel and Power if he will state in detail the various inducements offered to miners, married and single, to give a full week's work and to encourage young men to enter the industry.

    I am unable to give the hon. Member a detailed reply, as terms and conditions in the industry are determined by some thousands of collective agreements in force between the National Coal Board and representative workers' organisations. Among the inducements are national ownership of the industry and recognition of the miner's proper status. The improved conditions of work and of general living through the five-day week with bonus, the guaranteed wage, annual and statutory holidays with pay, extra food, better welfare facilities and opportunities for promotion are additional inducements. Finally, there are improved relations between managements and men through new conciliation and consultative machinery.



    asked the Minister of Fuel and Power whether he is aware of the dissatisfaction existing among persons, especially young married couples living with relatives, who are refused coal rations by fuel officers; and if he will give instructions for this practice to be discontinued.

    As I informed the hon. Member for Chislehurst (Mr. G. Wallace) on 5th December last, the shortage of supplies makes it impossible to grant a separate registration to every sub-tenant. The existing instructions provide for subtenants to be treated as sympathetically as the situation allows.

    Allocations (Churches)


    asked the Minister of Fuel and Power if he is aware that the allocation of fuel to churches is quite inadequate; and if he will have the allocations revised to give the churches at least an equal allocation with places of entertainment.


    asked the Minister of Fuel and Power what are the present arrangements in force in regard to allocations of fuel to places of worship; and if, when the claims of industry and of domestic and priority users such as hospitals have been met, he will ensure that the claims of places of worship are given not less than equal priority to those of places of entertainment.


    asked the Minister of Fuel and Power if he is aware that the allocation of fuel to churches in North-East Scotland, particularly Aberdeen, is insufficient; and if he will direct an increase in the allocations to sacred edifices of all denominations in those areas.

    Supplies of fuel for places of worship are met from the general allocations of the merchants with whom these institutions are registered. If supplies are short next winter any assistance that the situation permits will be given to places of worship experiencing difficulty, if they will bring the matter to the notice of the local fuel overseer. No preference has been shown at any time to place; of entertainment.

    Average Weekly Earnings

    asked the Minister of Fuel and Power what were the average wages of miners for the last available week; and what were the lowest and highest amounts recorded in that week.

    Statistics in regard to earnings in the coal mining industry are collected on a monthly and not a weekly basis. In the month of November, 1946, the latest month for which figures are available, average weekly cash earnings amounted to 126s. 9d. The information asked for in the last part of the Question is not available and could not be obtained without a special inquiry which would involve a disproportionate amount of work.



    asked the Prime Minister whether the Government intend to make any special arrangements for the celebration of V J-Day.

    Electricity Supplies

    Bankside Power Station (Oil Burning)


    asked the Minister of Fuel and Power by how much, and by what percentage, the cost of using oil in the completed new power station on Bankside will exceed the cost of using coal, on the basis of present prices.

    On the basis of oil at £6 per ton and coal at £2 10s. a ton, the additional cost is estimated to be between £400,000 and £500,000 per annum, thus increasing the cost of electricity generated by about one-third.

    New Power Stations (Sites)

    asked the Minister of Fuel and Power whether his attention has been drawn to the fact of power being generated close to the coalmines has been successfully operated in New Zealand for a considerable time; if he has considered carrying power by means of the high-tension grid system to London and elsewhere; and if he will try this cheaper and more convenient method of providing power for London than the proposed new power station.

    The answer to the first part is, "No." I understand that the principal source of supply of electricity in New Zealand is water power. The question of generation at coalfields in Great Britain has, however, by no means been overlooked and as regards the second part of the Question, I would refer the hon. and gallant Member to my reply to my hon. Friend the Member for East Willesden (Mr. Orbach) on 27th February. On the last part I am advised that it is more economical at present to transport coal to London and the South Coast by sea than it would be to transmit electrical energy from the coalfields supplying these areas.

    National Finance

    Visiting Americans (Sterling Purchases)

    asked the Chancellor of the Exchequer whether he will permit tourists from U.S.A. who are in possession of accumulated sterling savings already lodged in this country during previous residence here and invested in response to wartime appeals in British war stock to draw upon those balances.

    No; I normally expect visiting Americans to buy the sterling they need with dollars.

    High Court Judges (Salary)


    asked the Chancellor of the Exchequer why the Government declined to recommend an increased salary for High Court Judges.

    His Majesty's Government do not consider the present salary inadequate, especially having regard to the value of pension rights.

    Tobacco Duty (Old Age Pensioners)

    asked the Chancellor of the Exchequer if, when considering a scheme for the supply of tobacco and cigarettes to old age pensioners, he will also include disabled ex-Service men and women in hospital.

    Burma (Financial Agreement)

    asked the Chancellor of the Exchequer whether he will publish the terms of the Financial Agreement recently reached with the Government of Burma.

    Yes. The text is as follows:FINANCIAL AGREEMENT BETWEEN HIS MAJESTY'S GOVERNMENT IN THE UNITED KINGDOM AND THE GOVERNMENT OF BURMA.1. The Government of Burma recognise the vital importance of fostering general confidence in Burma's willingness and capacity to restore her economic and financial position, and with this object in view they have intimated their decision to take immediate and firm measures to increase revenues, to effect reductions in Government expenditure, and to withdraw surplus purchasing power from circulation, in particular by stimulating savings among the general public.2. His Majesty's Government agree to increase their contribution towards the deficit on Burma's Ordinary Budget for 1946–47 to an amount not exceeding 12 million (16 crores). Any unspent balance on the grant of £2.5 million (3.3 crores) previously promised in aid of the Frontier Areas Budget for 1946–47 will also be available for this purpose.3. His Majesty's Government take note of the statement of the Government of Burma that the Government of Burma will not be capable of making any further contribution to defence beyond the 335 lakhs already included in the Budget.The Government of Burma maintain the view that in principle the estimated cost of maintaining troops in Burma, including the cost of supplies and services required by these troops, on a peace-time basis, to meet the peace-time requirements of Burma, is an appropriate charge on Burma revenues, without prejudice to

  • (a) the eventual decision as to the strength and composition of the Burma Army;
  • (b) a decision on the figures of cost now being calculated by Burma Command;
  • (c) the statement on capacity to pay quoted above;
  • and they agree accordingly to furnish His Majesty's Government as soon as possible with a reply to the Burma Office letter of 22nd February, 1947, setting out their counter proposals in detail on this basis and including their views on paragraph 6 of that letter.

    4. His Majesty's Government agree to make advances to Burma towards the net expenditure in 1946–47 on Projects (including public utilities, etc.) within a ceiling of £18,375.000 (24.5 crores).

    5. The Government of Burma agree to pay over to His Majesty's Government the proceeds from the sale of Civil Affairs Service (Burma) stores which are not lend-lease equipment bought from the United States of America. They also agree that on the liquidation of any of the Projects the proceeds of the sale of their capital assets shall be paid over in reduction of outstanding loans after deducting the cost of liquidation. It is further agreed that there shall be the fullest exchange of information relating to the Projects between the two Governments, and that the liquidator shall furnish to His Majesty's Government any information which they may require relating to the disposal of the assets.

    6. It is agreed between the two Governments that the possibility of converting part of the interest-free loan into a grant, referred to in paragraph 5 of Annex B to the London Agreement, shall remain open for further consideration in the light of future developments in the general economic and financial situation.

    Signed on behalf of His Majesty's Government in the United Kingdom:

    J. I. C. CROMBIE.

    Signed on behalf of the Government of Burma:



    30th April, 1947.

    Aliens (Deportation Order)


    asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department why Mr. F. Wengel, who was born in Poland, served in the French Army from 1914 to 1919 and lived in this country for many years, is not permitted to earn his living; why he is now detained in Brixton Prison; and what action he proposes to take in respect of this man.

    My hon. Friend appears to have been misinformed. This man was, when at liberty, allowed to earn his living in any employment approved by the Ministry of Labour and in fact was recently convicted of failing to report a change of employment. He was also convicted of a breach of a special order requiring him to report his movements. These are not his only convictions. He is now detained under Article 12 (4) of the Aliens Order pending the enforcement of a deportation order and I propose to have him sent out of the country as soon as a passage has been arranged

    Greyhound Racing Restrictions


    asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department whether he will relax the restrictions on greyhourd racing during summer evenings when no artificial lighting is required.

    I can only relax these restrictions in any area where I am satisfied that, having regard to its situation or other local circumstances, the relaxation is unlikely to lead to any substantial interference with industrial production.

    Corporal Punishment (Children)


    asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department whether his attention has been called to a recent case of a woman who was convicted of ill-treating her daughter, aged 11 years, by caning; and whether, in view of the frequency of these cases, he will take steps to prevent such cruelty to children by prohibiting the corporal punishment of children by parents or guardians.

    My attention has been called to this prosecution, which was brought under the existing law. I do not regard my hon. Friend's suggestion for amending the law as desirable.

    Sentenced Soldier (Correspondence)


    asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department why 14497347 Fusilier P. Morris, now serving a sentence as 148 P. Morris, Dart-moor Prison, was refused permission to correspond with his Member of Parliament whilst under detention at Wormwood Scrubs.

    In view of the ample facilities which are given to prisoners to make representations to the Secretary of State on matters connected with their trial, conviction or prison treatment, it is a rule that prisoners are not permitted to make such representations to judges, public authorities or Departments or Members of Parliament. It was in accordance with this rule that Fusilier P. Morris was refused permission to write to the hon. Member.

    Civil Defence Despatch Riders


    asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department for what reason despatch riders in the C.D. service are treated as temporary civil servants and, therefore, are not entitled to a war gratuity.

    Despatch riders or motorcyclist messengers in the Civil Defence Messenger Service were not treated as temporary civil servants. If, however, the hon. Member is referring to those despatch riders who were in the direct employ of the Ministry of Home Security they were temporary civil servants, not members of a Civil Defence Service, and, as such, were not entitled to Civil Defence gratuities.



    asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department if he will protect children and birds against injury from catapults by taking steps to make their use illegal.

    I do not think it would be practicable to single out for prohibition this particular method of discharging missiles.

    Remand Home Accommodation, Cardiff


    asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department whether he is aware of the need for a girls' remand home in Cardiff; and what steps are being taken to meet this need.

    The Cardiff Town Council, as the responsible authority, have under immediate consideration, in consultation with the justices, plans for providing alternative remand home accommodation for girls, in place of the small home at Tonypandy which is now used. I am in touch with the local authority about this.

    Murder Case (Press Reports)


    asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department to what extent the details and pictures in the de Antiquis murder case appearing in the newspapers were supplied by the police; and whether these methods of publicity in crime detection had his approval.

    New Scotland Yard kept in close touch with representatives of the Press at all stages of the investigation in order to secure the co-operation of the public in their investigations but only one photograph—that of a woman who was believed to have associated with a man whom the police were anxious to trace—was issued to the Press. I do not think that there is any ground for criticisng the action taken by the police.

    Public Health

    Mass Radiography


    asked the Minister of Health when the Bucks County Council will be supplied with a mass radiography unit for service in the county, and especially in the growing industrial area of Slough.

    Mass radiography is being extended, as quickly as resources allow, on a considered plan. This will not allow a separate unit to be based in every county, but it should bring every area, including Buckinghamshire, within the operational range of a unit.


    asked the Minister of Health how many cases of smallpox were notified, and in how many of these was diagnosis confirmed in 1942, 1943, 1944, 1945, 1946 and to the present date of 1947.

    It is not possible to give figures on a comparable basis for each of the years mentioned. This is partly because a change in the, manner of keeping departmental records of smallpox was made in 1946, and partly because it is difficult to relate the number of confirmed cases to the number of cases formally notified to the Registrar-General.

    Year.England and WalesScotlandNorthern IrelandUnited Kingdom Total.

    Male Mental Patients

    asked the Minister of Health the total number of male patients of working age in mental hospitals and similar institutions of all types in June, 1946, or at the nearest convenient date.

    The number of cases thus notified, for example, excludes those which occur in isolation hospitals, to which the requirement about notifications to the Registrar-General are inapplicable; and other cases escape notification because they may not be identified till after they have recovered. Records are now kept, however, of a11 cases coming to the notice of the Ministry's medical officers as believed to be cases of smallpox, as distinct from cases formal notified to the Registrar-General as such. The available figures, therefore, for the years 1942 to 1945, relate only to form 11 notifications recorded by the Registrar-General.

    The following information is given n the basis of the above explanation:

    Cases notified to R.G.Diagnosis subsequently confirmed.
    Cases reported to Ministry
    1947 (to 7th May)5137

    Illegitimate Births

    asked the Minister of Health the number of illegitimate births in the United Kingdom for 1933, 1938, 1943, 1945 and 1946, respectively.

    The numbers of illegitimate live births registered in these years were as follow:

    On 1st January, 1946, the total number of male patients between 16 and 64 in mental hospitals and similar institutions under the Lunacy and Mental Treatment Acts was 46,556. The number of male mental patients in this age group in public assistance institutions or general hospitals was about 3,500, but precise statistics are not available In mental deficiency institutions the number of male patients over the age of 16 was 24,641.

    Whooping Cough (Vaccine Tests)


    asked the Minister of Health whether his attention has been called to the experiments on 600 babies in London and Manchester by injecting them with different varieties of vaccine; what are the exact contents of each of these vaccines and how is each obtained; what evidence is there that any of them have any effect on maintaining the normal health of the baby; who authorised these experiments; and what compensation will be paid to the children or their parents in the event of undesirable consequences.

    Yes, Sir. This is an investigation conducted under the aegis of the Medical Research Council, in association with my medical advisers, into the value of certain vaccines in preventing whooping cough. Trials in the United States suggest that these vaccines give protection against the disease and thus help to maintain the normal health of infants. This valuable test is being carried out with the voluntary agreement of the parents, and under strictly controlled conditions. There is no reason to fear any ill effects. I am sending my hon. Friend the scientific details he asks for.


    Rent Tribunals (Powers)


    asked the Minister of Health whether his attention has been called to certain observations of the Lord Chief Justice on limitations of the powers of rent tribunals; and if he will issue instructions to make clear the precise scope of their powers under the Furnished Houses (Rent Control) Act. 1946

    Yes, Sir. I have under consideration the question of communicating with the rent tribunals in this matter.



    asked the Minister of Health if he is aware that the Lydd Borough Council, Kent, recently refused to allocate any proportion of the houses proposed to be built under its programme to agricultural workers, and whether, in view of the fact that Lydd is the centre of an agricultural district, he wilt bring suitable pressure to bear which will rectify this anomaly.

    Rents, London

    asked the Minister of Health if he is aware of the exorbitant rents and premiums being charged for houses and flats in the London area which do not come within the Rent Restrictions Act; and if he will now take steps to deal with it.

    No special representations have been made to me on this matter recently. Legislation, of which there is no early prospect, would be required to amend the existing law, and I should point out that the Ridley Committee, who examined the question of rent control very fully, recommend in their report, published in 1945 (Cmd. 6621), that the existing limits of rateable value within which the Acts apply should remain unchanged.

    Rural Areas (Subsidy)

    asked the Minister of Health if he will consider paying the special subsidy of £25 for all houses erected in rural districts if the rate to be charged for the houses is in excess of an average rate for working-class dwellings in the district of 6s., the general rate exceeds 17s. 6d. and the amount borne by the rural district council exceeds 6d. in respect of all statutory contributions from the general rate to the Housing Revenue Account.

    The conditions governing grant of the subsidy in question for houses not intended for agricultural workers are laid down in Section 3 of the Housing (Financial and Miscellaneous Provisions) Act, 1946. It is not clear from the case stated by the hon. Member whether these conditions are fulfilled. The test so far as rents are concerned is not the figure proposed for the new houses, but the relation between the average rent in the district and the average in rural districts generally.

    Local Authority Members (Payments)


    asked the Minister of Health when the report of the Committee on Expenses of Members of Local Authorities, presided over by Lord Lindsay of Birker, will be published; and what action is to be taken on the recommendations.

    The report has been published and copies are available in the Vote Office today. The Government accept the recommendation of the majority of the committee that local authorities should make provision for payments to members, in suitable cases and subject to proper safeguards, in respect of travelling expenses, loss of remunerative time and, where appropriate, subsistence. They are looking into the detailed provisions required, and will take steps to obtain the necessary legislation as soon as Parliamentary time permits.

    European Coal Organisation


    asked the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs what plans are in being for the liquidation of the European Coal Organisation; and when this is likely to take place.

    At the first session of the Economic Commission for Europe held at the beginning of May a resolution was unanimously adopted recommending that the activities of the European Coal Organisation should be terminated not later than the end of 1947, and that, simultaneously with its termination, the functions of the organisation should be transferred to the Economic Commission for Europe.

    Russian Delegation (Film)


    asked the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs whether the recent film taken to illustrate the visit of the Soviet Members of Parliament to this country has been approved by his Department; and what steps will be taken to improve its range and colour before it is generally released.

    I regret that this film did not come up to expectations owing to the difficulties encountered in its production. The weather throughout the Delegation's visit was so bad that the outdoor scenes were inevitably somewhat drab. Moreover, the scope of the operations w limited because it was not possible to photograph certain scenes—for example those within the precincts of this House and in the Guildhall. The film was originally accepted as being as good a record of the visit as could be expected in the circumstances, but it is now being reexamined in the hope that means may be found of effecting some improvements.

    Greece (Political Internees)


    asked the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs what instructions have been given to His Majesty's Government's representatives on the Balkan Commission at Geneva with regard to the proposal of the U.S. representatives that the Greek Government be recommended to grant a broader amnesty to political internees under international supervision.

    As my right hon. Friend the Minister of State informed my hon. Friend the Member for Luton (Mr. Warbey) on 14th May, His Majesty's Government have grave doubts whether it falls within the terms of the United Nations Balkan Commission to make a recommendation on this subject, and the United Kingdom Representative on the Commission was instructed to bear this view in mind in discussing any proposals that might be put forward on the subject.

    Polish Soldiers, Italy

    asked the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs whether he is aware that British Headquarters in Italy have issued an order that all Polish soldiers in Italy are to be demobilised by 1st May and sent to the Displaced Persons camp in Italy; that the effect of this order will be that persons so treated will receive no further pay, no identity cards and suffer living conditions which involve inadequate housing accommodation and food reduced to a standard of 1,200 calories; that threats have been made that they will be sent back to concentration camps in Poland, in breach of the undertaking given by His Majesty's Government that soldiers belonging to General Anders' army shall not be sent back to Poland against their will; and whether he will rectify this position.

    I presume the hon. Member is referring to certain members of the Polish armed forces who married Italian wives and who have been demobilised in Italy in order that where possible those who did not wish to return to Poland should be enabled to settle there. Their demobilisation has been effected in agreement with the Italian Government who have agreed to the residence in Italy, subject to the usual conditions affecting foreigners, of those Poles with Italian wives who have obtained permanent employment there. Many of the remainder, however, wish to emigrate from Italy. The Italian Government is prepared to allow them to remain temporarily in Italy while arrangements are made for their settlement or emigration.

    The Intergovernmental Committee on Refugees has undertaken to maintain, on behalf and at the expense of His Majesty's Government, any of such persons in need of accommodation and support pending the completion of arrangements for emigration, which are in active preparation. Their daily ration amounts to 2,200 calories, not counting fresh fruit and vegetables. They are being treated on substantially the same basis as the Poles who are being settled here or overseas through the Polish Resettlement Corps. I am not aware that any threats have been made to send these men back to Poland.

    Strike, Bilbao (British Interests)

    asked the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs to what extent British interests in Spain were affected by the recent strike in Bilbao and other parts of the Basque country; and what reports he has received from His Majesty's representatives in Spain.

    From reports received from His Majesty's Chargé d'Affairs at Madrid it appears that three firms in which there are British interests were affected by the strike in the Bilbao district. None of these firms have appealed for assistance to His Majesty's Chargé d'Affairs or to His Majesty's Consul at Bilbao.

    British Information Services, Usa

    asked the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs what action is being taken to improve British information services in the U.S.A.; and whether he is satisfied that the present services are adequate to counter the extensive anti-British campaign now being organised in that country by extremist Jewish organisations.

    British Information Services in the U.S.A. are constantly under review, and my right hon. Friend is satisfied that they are well equipped to supply reliable information on Palestine as well as on other matters of public interest.

    Ministry Of Works

    Panelled Doors (Timber)


    asked the Minister of Works whether he is aware of the difficulties being placed in the way of doormakers in the Isle of Wight as regards the supply of raw materials; and whether, in view of the fact that it is economically preferable for the timber to be sent to the Isle of Wight for doormaking rather than to have the complete doors transported there, he will give instructions for the present system to be discontinued.

    The grade of timber especially suited to the mass production of panelled doors, is in very short supply, and I have asked the industry to advise me how to ensure its most economical use.

    Cement Shortage


    asked the Minister of Works whether he is aware of the shortage of cement in Dorset; that at least one contractor in Weymouth received no cement last week; that there is no assurance of supplies in the near future; and what action he is taking to remedy the situation.

    Yes, Sir. There is a general shortage of cement due to the restriction of fuel supplies. Supplies, however, will, I hope, increase rapidly in June and meanwhile we are arranging for the distribution as fairly as possible and according to priorities laid down by the Government.

    School Building (Labour And Materials)


    asked the Minister of Works the percentage of building labour and material which he estimates would have to be diverted from the house and factory building programme to satisfy the needs of the Ministry of Education in raising the school-leaving age.

    As a rough estimate I would put the figure at about 1 per cent. but it would probably be somewhat higher for certain materials including steel and timber.

    Unemployment Pay (Dismissed Workers)


    asked the Minister of National Insurance why unemployment insurance benefit has been disallowed to five employees of Messrs. Adrema, Limited, East Acton, who were dismissed by their employers for distributing in their own time a handbill, a copy of which has been sent to him, adjacent to the firm's goods at the British Industries Fair, drawing attention to the existence of a trade dispute at the firm's factory; and if he will arrange for the payment of unemployment insurance benefit in these cases.

    Benefit has been disallowed by the insurance officer in one of these cases and the others are still under examination. My right hon. Friend has no power to interfere with the decisions of the insurance officer but as my hon. Friend no doubt knows, there is a right of appeal to the Court of Referees and, in certain circumstances, to the Umpire.

    Old Age Pensions


    asked the Minister of National Insurance if he will investigate the long delay in the payment of the increased old age pension to Mrs. Yeulett, 52, Albert Road, Braintree, Essex, No. 45554298, and expedite payment.

    Yes, Sir. Inquiries into this case are in hand and I will write to my hon. Friend as soon as possible.

    asked the Minister of National Insurance when a decision will be reached on the application of a pension of 26s. a week, made in November, 1946, by Mrs. G. Jenner, 30, Letchworth Street, Tooting, S.W.17, pension No. 52524287.

    Inquiries into this case are in hand and I will write to the hon. Member as soon as possible.

    Food Supplies

    New Ration Books, Salfords


    asked the Minister of Food whether he will arrange for the opening next month of a temporary office for the issue of ration books at Salfords, Surrey, so as to save residents in that area having to travel to Horley and back for this purpose.

    Arrangements have already been made for the opening of a temporary office at the Parish Hall, Salfords, on 5th July, for the issue of new ration books. Posters announcing this are in print and will be issued in a few days.

    Skimmed Milk (Plastics)


    asked the Minister of Food what quantities of milk were used in the making of plastics in each of the years 1939 to 1946 inclusive; and what is the weekly amount now processed in this way.

    Some six to eight million gallons of skimmed milk were used in 1938 in the manufacture of casein for plastics. I have no precise information of the quantities used in 1939. No milk has been used for plastics since the early days of 1940.

    Condemned Food, Faversham

    asked the Minister of Food whether his attention has been drawn to the considerable quantity of foodstuffs condemned as unfit for human consumption in the borough of Faversham during April; and if he will take steps to ensure that this waste of food does not recur.

    I am advised that during three months ended 31st March, 217 lb. of carcase meat, 19 stones of fish,2½ tons of cereal products, and 1,900 tins of various canned foodstuffs were condemned by the health authority for the borough of Faversham—about 2½ ounces per head of the population. All possible steps are taken to avoid waste of food, but some loss of foodstuffs in the course of distribution is quite unavoidable.

    Railway Service, Lowestoft


    asked the Minister of Transport whether he is aware that the train leaving Lowestoft at 6.10 p.m. on Sundays is invariably crowded to capacity at Beccles; and, as it has to pick up passengers at all intermediate stations to Ipswich, causing grave discomfort in tightly packed corridors, if he will arrange immediately for additional coaches to be put on.

    Yes Sir. This service was improved from 11th May by the provision of additional coaches on the Yarmouth to Liverpool Street train with which it connects.

    Ministry Of Supply

    Factory, Drigg (Atomic Energy)


    asked the Minister of Supply if it has now been decided to establish an atomic power station at Drigg, Cumberland.

    No; the possible use of the former explosives factory at Drigg for a purpose connected with atomic energy is at present under technical examination, but no decision has yet been reached.

    Ordnance Factories

    asked the Minister of Supply to what extent Royal Ordnance factories have suffered reductions in supplies of steel in various forms; and on what basis have these reductions been made.

    The Royal Ordnance factories receive authorisations to acquire steel from those who place orders with them and are therefore in exactly the same position as industry in general.

    asked the Minister of Supply what percentage of solid fuel has been allocated to Royal Ordnance factories during the period of restriction.

    The Royal Ordnance factories are subject to the same allocation scheme as industry in general.

    asked the Minister of Supply the present cost of the aluminium houses manufactured at royal ordnance factories.

    asked the Minister of Supply what has been the total value of civilian goods produced in the last 12 months by Royal Ordnance factories in the following categories: components and fittings for houses, clothing, components for locomotives and railway wagons, mining machinery, hosiery machinery, woodworking machinery, concrete sections for houses, and concrete railway sleepers.

    asked the Minister of Supply if he will give a list of existing Royal Ordnance factories, specifying which of them are now engaged on manufacturing civilian goods.

    The following is a list of existing Royal Ordnance factories: Birtley, Bishopton, Blackburn, Bridgwater, Cardiff, Chorley, Dalmuir, Drigg, Enfield, Fazakerley, Glascoed, Irvine, Leeds, Maltby, Nottingham, Patricroft, Pembrey Poole, Radway Green, Swynnerton, Wigan, Woolwich. There is some civil work at all of them.

    Raw Materials

    asked the Minister of Supply if he will give a list of the long-term contracts for raw materials which have been made with other Governments or Colonial administrations and indicate in each case what provision there is for the reduction or review of the rates during the term and the dates when each contract expires.

    Armaments And Warlike Stores

    asked the Minister of Supply the value of armament orders now out from his Department, guns, tanks, machine guns, rifles, instruments, etc.; the percentage of orders allocated to private contractors; and the number of industrial workers engaged on armament manufacture by private contractors, the War Office, his Department and the Admiralty, respectively.

    All the information concerning production of armaments and warlike stores that can be made public is contained in the Estimates of the Service Departments and the Ministry of Supply. In the Statement relating to Defence, presented to Parliament by the Minister of Defence in February, 1947 (Cmd. 7042), the number of industrial workers engaged on production for the Services during the current year was estimated to be approximately 450,000. It would be undesirable to publish any breakdown of this figure

    Armed Forces (Dependants' Allowance)


    asked the Minister of Defence if he is aware that those who are called up for compulsory service in the Armed Forces and who have previously been supporting their widowed mothers receive no dependants' allowances on joining up; and if he will remedy this hardship.

    Men who are now called up for compulsory service in the Forces are, as previously, eligible for dependants' allowance for certain dependent relatives, including widowed members, under the scheme which was in operation during the late war, subject, of course, to the prescribed conditions of entitlement being fulfilled

    Germany (War Crimes Trials)


    asked the Secretary of State for War, now that leading German industrialists are being charged by the U.S. and British authorities as criminals for assisting the Nazi war machine, whether any works managers, foremen, coal miners, engineers, agricultural workers, mechanics and other artisans who assisted the Nazis are similarly to be tried; at what level of responsibility these charges are to stop: and when.

    The Royal Warrant for the trial of war criminals provides for the trial of persons who are alleged to have committed acts in violation of the laws and usages of war. It is not the intention of the British military authorities to try industrialists as such has war criminals unless there is evidence that they have committed offences against the laws and usages of war. In the British zone of Germany under Control Council and Military Government legislation proceedings may, however, be taken by reason of membership of the Nazi Party under the denazification procedure or of membership of an organisation declared criminal by the International Military Tribunal, or for crimes against humanity. It is intended to complete the trials of members of criminal organisations by the end of this year and denazification proceedings in the course of this summer.

    British Army

    Vehicles, Easton Park

    asked the Secretary of State for War the number of 15-cwt., 3-ton and other vehicles at present parked at 21 VRD, Easton Park, Essex; how many of these are surplus; and what arrangements have been made for their disposal.

    Approximately 11,000, of which 950 are 15 cwt. and 1,800 are 3 tons. 400 are in course of disposal as surplus to the Army's requirements and the balance of 10,600 is earmarked to contribute to the maintenance of the Regular Army at home and overseas, and the requirements of the Territorial Army.

    Importation Of Dogs

    asked the Secretary of State for War whether he is aware of the large number of men serving abroad who are under the impression that they can bring their dogs back to England without subjecting them to quarantine provided they are inoculated; and whether steps will be taken to inform all Army personnel overseas that no such arrangements exist in this country and that they are wasting their money if they have their animals inoculated.

    The regulations regarding the importation of dogs into the United Kingdom are explicit, and provide for a minimum quarantine period of six months. They are fully explained in Army Council Instructions for the benefit of Army personnel, and there is no justification for any assumption that inoculation will be accepted as an alternative to quarantine.

    Royal Navy (Compassionate Leave)


    asked the Parliamentary Secretary to the Admiralty whether, in view of the fact that his mother is very ill and that he is in Group 60, he will arrange for the immediate return by air to this country of C/ JX541679 A.B. N. Wilmot.

    Compassionate leave to visit parents who are ill is granted only if the man is needed at home and if no other brother or sister is available. I understand that Wilmot's father and four brothers are at home and in the circumstances I regret that it is not possible to grant compassionate leave. The hon. Member will understand that the number of cases of serious illness of parents is large; and that if compassionate leave were extended to cover every such case, considerable difficulties would arise both in the manning of the Fleet and in finding passages. I have, however, ascertained that Wilmot's term of service abroad is nearing its end and his commanding officer, who is aware of the mother's illness, will arrange for his return home as soon as it is due.

    Turks Islands (Salt Industry)

    asked the Secretary of State for the Colonies to what extent the economy of the Turks and Caicos islands depends on the production and sale of salt; what action is taken by his Department to ensure that the maximum use is made of salt purchased from public funds; and what is the approximate total loss to the British taxpayer resulting from purchases made since 1942.

    The chief occupation of the people of the Turks Islands is the production of salt which, before the war, 'made up three-quarters of tie Dependency's exports. During the war, export was impossible and His Majesty's Government, therefore, gave 'financial assistance to the island and took over the salt produced. Since the war, shipping difficulties have hampered the export of this salt; but under a contract recently concluded a considerable quantity is being sold to the Supreme Commander, Allied Powers, in Japan. Since 1942, His Majesty's Government have paid out (37,000 in support of the Turks Island salt industry. Until the disposal of the salt is completed, it will not be possible to say how much of this sum will be recovered.

    Gibraltarian Evacuees, Northern Ireland

    asked the Secretary of of State for the Colonies how many Gibraltarian evacuees are now living in Northern Ireland; what is the estimated number that will remain in January, 1948; and what advantage is being taken of the new scheme to enable Gibraltarians to find work in England.

    There are at present 1635 Gibraltarian evacuees in Northern Ireland. It is not possible to forecast the situation in January, 1948, which will depend on several incalculable factors, including progress under the scheme referred to in the third part of the Question. I understand that since that scheme was launched on 1st May over 8o applications have been received and that they are continuing to come in.

    Colonial Bag Industries

    asked the Secretary of State for the Colonies whether, after further scientific and technical inquiry and in view of the world shortage, it is possible to develop locally in the Colonial Empire small factories for the manufacture of gunny or other bags from local resources.

    There are already two factories of the type mentioned in operation in the Colonial Empire, one in Mauritius, using Mauritius fibre to make sugar bags and the other in Kenya, using sisal to manufacture bags for use in the coffee and maize industries. A considerable amount of bag and cordage making is also undertaken in the Colonies in the form of cottage industries. I am in correspondence with the acting Governor of Mauritius regarding the improvement of the Mauritius industry. In Kenya it has been found that sisal bags develop holes when pierced by the hooks used during transport and also have a tendency to slip when stacked in warehouses. It is however hoped to overcome these defects in the course of research. Coconut fibre or coir is at present the only other possible source for production of bags. It is used for this purpose in Puerto Rico. I am watching developments there with interest, in the hope that it may be possible to extend the industry to British Colonial territories, including Jamaica and Trinidad, where coir is at present extracted for the production of mattress fibre and rope and twine. But the concentrations of coconut cultivation may not be sufficiently large in the British West Indian Colonies for running costs in a local bag making industry to be competitive.


    Rice Ration

    asked the Secretary of State for the Colonies whether he will make a statement on the cut in the rice ration in British Malaya.

    The rice supply position has deteriorated rapidly in recent months. For a variety of reasons the exportable surplus of the main ricegrowing countries in South-East Asia during the first six months of 1947 is now estimated to be only about 62 per cent. of the total on which distribution programmes for that period had been agreed by the International. Emergency Food Council. Malaya has been able, by careful management, to maintain the rice ration at 4½ oz. per head per diem and even to increase it to 6 oz. per head in February. In view of the shortages I have referred to, the ration had to be reduced again to 4½ oz. from 18th May. The flour ration is being increased to compensate for the cut in rice. I cannot say how things will go in the next few months, but there is expected to be a lean period before the next crop is harvested at the end of the year.

    Asiatic Civil Servants (Back Pay)

    asked the Secretary of State for the Colonies if he is aware of the dissatisfaction felt by the Junior Civil Service Association of Malaya regarding the offer made to them of back pay during the period of the Japanese occupation; and what steps he proposes to take regarding the representations on the subject which have been made to him.

    I replied on this matter to the hon. Members for South Croydon (Mr. Rees-Williams), and North Hammersmith (Mr. Pritt), on 5th and 19th March. I have nothing to add to those replies.

    Burma Frontier Areas

    asked the Under-Secretary of State for Burma whether he is now in a position to make a statement on the work of the Frontier Areas Committee of Enquiry.

    Henderson: His Majesty's Government and the Government of Burma are much indebted to my hon. and gallant Friend the Member for South Croydon (Mr. Rees-Williams) for his work as chairman of this committee. The report of the committee, which has already been accepted by the Government of Burma, has now been received and studied by His Majesty's Government, who have signified their approval of the committee's recommendations for the association of the Frontier peoples with the working out of the new constitution of Burma, subject to such elaboration as may be found necessary to give full elect to certain specific recommendations for protecting the position of the Frontier peoples in the Constituent Assembly in regard to matters of direct interest to them. Arrangements are being made for the publication of the Report as a White Paper shortly after the Whitsun Recess.

    Postal Deliveries, Leicester

    asked the Postmaster-General whether he is aware that the afternoon postal delivery in Leicester is shortly to be eliminated and there are to be only two postal deliveries at 7 a.m. and 11 a.m., respectively; and whether, in view of the fact that this arrangement will cause inconvenience to the business community, arrangements will be made to provide at least one morning and one afternoon delivery.

    The number of postal deliveries in Leicester, as in all other provincial towns, is being reduced to two in order to set free manpower for production. If the second delivery were made in the afternoon instead of the forenoon it would not be possible to effect so great a saving of manpower. The additional letters which would be delivered in the afternoon instead of the forenoon would not, I am afraid, justify me in meeting the wishes of my hon. Friend.


    Machinery (Steel Allocations)

    asked the Minister of Agriculture whether he will grant a higher priority to the release of agricultural implements which are at present in short supply.

    I understand that the hon. Member has in mind the allocation of raw materials for the manufacture of agricultural implements. The question of steel allocations is being kept constantly under review by the Government, and although the position must remain acute for some time to come, I am hopeful that the quantity available for the manufacture of agricultural machinery and implements will be increased as soon as the general position permits.

    Disaster Fund

    asked the Minister of Agriculture the total subscribed to date to the Agricultural Disaster Fund; and what is to be the basis of its distribution.

    Approximately 300,000, including Exchequer contributions, has so far been subscribed to the Agricultural Disaster Fund. In addition to public subscriptions, farmers are being invited to contribute· to the fund by means of voluntary deductions from payments due to them for the sale of their produce from central organisations. Payments from the fund will be restricted to farmers who have suffered serious direct loss during the present season

  • (a) of crops or live or dead stock, caused by the exceptional major floods: or
  • (b) of livestock, other than mountain ponies, caused by the exceptionally heavy frosts and snowfalls
  • It is intended that every farmer shall receive from the Fund roughly the same proportion of the amount of his loss This proportion will be the same as that between the total amount in the Fund and the total amount of the accepted applications.

    Netherlands-Indonesian Agreement

    pursuant to his statement [OFFICIAL REPORT, 16th May, 1947; Vol. 437, c. 1967], circulated the text of the Netherlands-Indonesian Agreement as follows:

    Netherlands-Indonesian Agreement

    (Concluded at Cheribon (Linggadjati); Initialled at Batavia on 15th November, 1946; Signed at Batavia on 25th March, 1947.)

    The Netherlands Government, represented by the Commission General, and the Government of the Republic of Indonesia, represented by the Indonesian delegation, moved by the sincere desire to ensure the good relations between the peoples of the Netherlands and Indonesia in new forms of voluntary co-operation, which offer the best guarantee for a sound and strong development of both countries in the future and which make it possible to give a new foundation to the relationship between the two peoples;

    agree as follows and will submit this agreement at the shortest possible notice to the approval of the respective Parliaments:


    The Netherlands Government recognises the Government of the Republic of Indonesia as exercising the de facto authority over Java, Madura and Sumatra. The areas occupied by the Allied or Netherlands forces shall be included gradually, through mutual co-operation, in the republican territory. To this end the necessary measures shall at once be taken in order that this inclusion shall be completed, at the latest, on the date mentioned in article 12.

    Article 2

    The Netherlands Government and the Government of the republic shall co-operate in the rapid formation of a sovereign, democratic State on a federal base, to be called the United States of Indonesia.

    Article 3

    The United States of Indonesia shall comprise the entire territory of the Netherlands-Indies, with the proviso, however, that in case the population of any territory, after due consultation with the other territories, should decide by democratic process that they are not or not yet willing to join the United States of Indonesia, there can be established a special relationship for such a territory to the States and to the Kingdom of the Netherlands.

    Article 4

    Component parts of the United States of Indonesia shall be the republic, Borneo and the Great East, without prejudice to the right of the population of any territory to decide by democratic process that its position in the United States of Indonesia shall be arranged otherwise.

    Without derogating from the provisions in article 3 and in the first paragraph of this article, the United States of Indonesia may make a special arrangement concerning the territory of their capital.

    Article 5

    The constitution of the United States of Indonesia shall be determined by a constituent assembly, composed of democratically nominated representatives of the republic and of the other future partners of the United States, to which the following paragraph of this article shall apply.

    Both parties shall consult each other on the method of participation in this constituent assembly by the republic, by the territories not under the authority of the republic and by the groups of the population not or insufficiently represented, with 'due observance of the responsibility of the Netherlands Government and of the Government of the republic respectively.

    Article 6

    To promote the joint interests of the Netherlands and Indonesia, the Netherlands Government and the Government of the republic shall co-operate in the establishment of a Netherlands-Indonesian Union, by which the Kingdom of the Netherlands, comprising the Netherlands, the Netherlands-Indies, Surinam and Curacao, shall be converted into the said union, consisting, on the one hand, -of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, comprising the Netherlands, Surinam and Curacao, and on the other hand, the United States of Indonesia.

    The foregoing paragraph does not exclude the possibility of a further arrangement of the relations between the Netherlands. Surinam and Curacao.

    Article 7

    (1) The Netherlands-Indonesian Union shall have its own organs to promote the joint interests of the Kingdom of the Netherlands and the United States of Indonesia.

    (2) These organs shall be formed by the Governments of the Kingdom of the Netherlands and the United States of Indonesia and, if necessary by the Parliaments of those countries.

    (3) As joint interests shall be considered cooperation on foreign relations, defence and, as far as necessary, finance, as well as subjects of an economic or a cultural nature

    Article 8

    The King (Queen) of the Netherlands shall be at the head of the Netherlands-Indonesian Union. The decrees and resolutions concerning the joint interests shall be issued by the organs of the Union in the King's (Queen's) name.

    Article 9

    In order to promote the interests of the United States of Indonesia in the Netherlands and of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in Indonesia, High Commissioners shall be appointed by the respective Governments.

    Article 10

    The Statute of the Netherlands-Indonesian Union shall furthermore contain provisions regarding:

  • (a) The safeguarding of the rights of both parties towards one another and the guarantees for the fulfilment of their mutual obligations;
  • (b) the mutual exercise of civic rights by Netherlands and Indonesian citizens;
  • (c) a regulation containing provisions in case no agreement can be reached by the organs of the Union;
  • (d) a regulation of the manner and the conditions of the assistance to be given by the services of the Kingdom of the Netherlands to the United States of Indonesia, as long as the services of the latter are not or insufficiently organised;
  • (e) the safeguarding in both parts of the Union of the fundamental human rights and liberties, referred to in the Charter of the United Nations Organisation.
  • Article Ii

    (1) The Statute of the Union shall be dratted by a conference of representatives of the Kingdom of the Netherlands and of the future United States of Indonesia.

    (2) The Statute shall come into effect after approval by the respective Parliaments.

    Article 12

    The Netherlands Government and the Government of the republic shall endeavour to establish the United States of Indonesia and the Netherlands-Indonesian Union before 1st January. 1949

    Article 13

    The Netherlands Government shall forthwith take the necessary steps in order to obtain the admission of the United States of Indonesia as a member of the United Nations Organisation, immediately after the formation of the Netherlands-Indonesian Union.

    Article 14

    The Government of the republic recognises the claims of all non-Indonesians to the restoration of their rights and restitution of their goods, as far as they are exercised or to be found in the territory over which it exercises de facto authority. A joint commission will be set up to effect this restoration and restitution.

    Article 15

    In order to reform the Government of the Indies in such a way that its composition and procedure shall conform as closely as possible to the recognition of the republic and to the projected constitutional structure, the Netherlands Government, pending the realisa- tion of the United States of Indonesia and of the Netherlands-Indonesian Union, shall forthwith initiate the necessary legal measures to adjust the constitutional and the international position of the Kingdom of the Netherlands to the new situation.

    Article 16

    Directly after the conclusion of this agreement both parties shall proceed to reduce their armed forces. They will consult together concerning the extent and the rate of this reduction and their co-operation in military matters.

    Article 17

    (1) For the co-operation between the Netherlands Government and the Government of the republic contemplated in this agreement, an organisation shall be called into existence, con- sisting of delegations to be appointed by each of the two Governments, with a joint secretariat.

    (2) The Netherlands Government and the Government of the republic shall settle by arbitration any dispute, which might arise from this agreement and which cannot be solved by joint consultation in a conference between those delegations. In that case a chairman of another nationality with a deciding vote shall be appointed by agreement between the delegations, or if such an agreement cannot be reached, by the President of the Inter national Court of Justice.

    Final Clause

    This agreement shall be drawn up in the Netherlands and the Indonesian languages. Both texts shall have equal authority.