Skip to main content

Written Answers

Volume 645: debated on Monday 24 July 1961

The text on this page has been created from Hansard archive content, it may contain typographical errors.

Written Answers To Questions

Monday, 24th July, 1961

Ministry Of Aviation

Air Transport Licensing Board (Applications)

15.

asked the Minister of Aviation what decision has been made by the Licensing Board on the applications of British United Airways, Cunard Eagle Airways, Tradairs and Overseas Aviation for networks of services in parallel with the British Overseas Airways Corporation and British European Airways.

The Air Transport Licensing Board is an independent body, and any inquiries about its decisions, which are published, should be addressed to the Board.

Departmental Staff

asked the Minister of Aviation how many personal secretaries, shorthand typists and machine operators were employed in his Department in May, 1959, and May, 1961.

Precise figures are not available for the dates mentioned. The nearest dates for which the information is recorded are 1st April, 1959, and 1st April, 1961. The numbers on these dates were:

1st April 1959 (Ministry of Supply)1st April, 1961 (Ministry of Aviation)
Clerical Officer/Secretaries276249
Shorthand Typists503353
Machine Operators (including Senior Machine Operators and Machine Assistants)307155
Late in 1959 and during 1960 certain functions were transferred from the Ministry of Supply to the War Office and from the Ministry of Transport and Civil Aviation to the Ministry of Aviation. The figures quoted should therefore be read in conjunction with those for the War Office and the Ministry of Transport.

Gatwick Airport (Runway Facilities)

asked the Minister of Aviation when it is proposed to lengthen the present runway at Gatwick Airport, or to build a new runway, so that fully-loaded jet aircraft can take off and land.

I would refer my hon. and learned Friend to the reply I have given today to the hon. Member for Macclesfield (Sir A. V. Harvey).

Hospitals

New Hospital, Lindley

25.

asked the Minister of Health whether he is now able to state when the new hospital at Lindley, Huddersfield, will be completed; and what progress has been made.

Work is in progress on the first phase, which should be completed next year. Working drawings are being prepared for the second phase.

Physiotherapists

30.

asked the Minister of Health if he is aware of the shortage of chartered physiotherapists in hospitals; and what steps he is taking to overcome such shortage.

I would refer the hon. Member to my reply to the hon. Member for Huddersfield, East (Mr. J. P. W. Mallalieu) on 17th July.

Boards Of Governors And Hospital Management Committees (Staff)

asked the Minister of Health how many personal secretaries, typists and machine operators were employed by boards of governors and hospital management committees in May, 1959, and May, 1961.

Prior to 1959 these categories of staff were not separately graded and during that year re-grading was in progress. The numbers at 30th June, 1960, were as follows:

Whole-timePart-time
Personal Secretaries2,872168
Typists, including Shorthand Typists5,627859
Machine Operators52417
The figures for 30th June, 1961, are not yet available.

Road Casualties, Cornwall

asked the Minister of Health how many road casualty patients were treated at Cornish hospitals in 1959 and 1960, respectively; how many beds had to be provided for them; how many bed occupancy days were involved; and to what extent provision had to be made for visitors to the county.

St Lawrence's Mental Hospital, Cornwall

asked the Minister of Health what building projects have been approved for St. Lawrence's Mental Hospital, Cornwall; and when work is likely to begin.

I expect to be able shortly to authorise the preparation of working drawings for a new laundry, staff social club, staff houses, fire station, stores and offices, mortuary and postmortem room, workshops, administration block, nurses' training unit, female stall hostel, occupational therapy department and patients' social club, an extension to the boiler house and improved engineering services. I am also considering a proposal to provide a comprehensive out-patient department.

Ministry Of Health

Drugs, National Formulary

27.

asked the Minister of Health whether he has now been able to collect sufficient evidence of the savings to be made on the national drug bill by the more widespread use of drugs from the national formulary to make an estimate of the total annual saving to the Exchequer; and if he will make a statement.

Departmental Staff

asked the Minister of Health how many personal secretaries, typists and machine operators were employed in his Department in May, 1959; and how many were employed in May, 1961.

On the 1st May, 1959, there were (a) 104 personal secretaries, (b) 219 typists, including shorthand typists and (c) 13 machine operators employed in the Ministry of Health.The comparable figures for 1st May, 1961, are (

a) 125, ( b) 248 and ( c) 18.

Mental Patients (Hostels And Training Centres)

asked the Minister of Health how many hostels and training centres for the mentally sick were under construction by local health authorities at the latest available date; and how many places will be provided by such hostels.

Mental Patients (Hostels)

asked the Minister of Health whether he will break down the figures to show the distribution by counties of the 81 hostels for the mentally sick included in the local authority building programme of 1960–61; and if he will give figures showing the number of patients catered for by these hostels.

The hostels originally included in the local authorities' programmes for 1960–61 were as follows:

Counties (including County Boroughs)Number of Hostels
Berkshire1
Buckinghamshire2
Cheshire
Birkenhead1
Wallasey1
Cornwall1
Derbyshire3
Derby2
Devon2
Dorset1
Durham1
Darlington1
Sunderland1
Essex2
Gloucestershire1
Hampshire1
Bournemouth1
Southampton2
Herefordshire1
Hertfordshire2
Kent3
Lancashire3
Blackpool2
Bolton1
Bury1
Liverpool1
Manchester3
Salford2
Southport1
Warrington1
Leicestershire2
Lincolnshire (The parts of Lindsey)1
Middlesex1

Counties (including County Boroughs)

Number of Hostels

Norfolk1
Great Yarmouth1
Northamptonshire1
Nottinghamshire1
Oxfordshire1
Oxford1
Soke of Peterborough1
Staffordshire6
Smethwick1
West Bromwich1
East Suffolk1
Ipswich1
Surrey1
East Sussex
Brighton1
Hastings2
Warwickshire
Coventry1
Wiltshire2
Yorkshire (East Riding)1
Kingston-upon-Hull2
Yorkshire (West Riding)
Bradford1
Huddersfield1
Leeds1
Sheffield1
York1

These hostels were intended to provide for a total of about 2,650 mentally disordered persons.

Cuba (Mr Topham)

48.

asked the Lord Privy Seal what further progress has been made with the claim for compensation for Mr. Topham since this was discussed with the Cuban representatives in this country.

Pending the appointment of a new Cuban Ambassador in London this matter has been pursued by Her Majesty's Ambassador in Havana who raised it with the Cuban Foreign Minister on 9th February and again on 8th July.

Baltic (Compensation Claims)

49.

asked the Lord Privy Seal what progress has been made concerning the claims of Baltic bondholders; and what is now the final date for the registration of all Baltic claims.

One thousand and twenty-nine claims in respect of Baltic bonds have been registered up to 6th July.No final date for the registration of claims has been fixed, but it is in the interests of all claimants that any outstanding claims should be submitted to the Foreign Compensation Commission without further delay so that they may be included in the negotiations.On 22nd June Her Majesty's Ambassador in Moscow was informed by the Soviet Government that they were prepared in principle to open negotiations in the last quarter of this year on the claims on both sides which have arisen since 1939. Our claims include those in respect of the Baltic bonds.

Under-Developed Countries (Voluntary Workers)

52.

asked the Lord Privy Seal if he will instruct Her Majesty's Government's delegate at the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations to support the use of voluntary workers to assist in the operations and programmes of the United Nations in the under-developed countries.

We support, in principle, the use of volunteer workers by the United Nations and its Agencies in the under-developed countries and on 21st July the United Kingdom delegate said so in the Economic and Social Council.

Berlin

55.

asked the Lord Privy Seal whether Her Majesty's Government will consider the use of United Nations machinery for the pacific settlement of disputes in connection with the Berlin problem; and to what extent it is their policy to participate in a 52-power conference on the Berlin problem.

Her Majesty's Government are considering, in consultation with their allies, all possible methods of settling the Berlin problem. On the second point, it has always been Her Majesty's Government's policy that once an all-German government had been formed a conference of this nature should take place with a view to concluding a peace treaty with that government.

56.

asked the Lord Privy Seal what recent protests have been made to the Soviet authorities about the repeated violations by the East German authorities of the Four-Power agreement on the status of Berlin; and what replies have been made by them.

On 13th February the three commandants protested at the denial by the East Berlin authorities of entry into East Berlin of West German church leaders. In reply the Soviet commandant disclaimed responsibility. On 1st May the three commandants made a public protest against the military parade held the same day in East Berlin.

Congo

58.

asked the Lord Privy Seal what recent reports he has received through the United Nations of violent incidents in the State of Katanga involving United Nations troops; and whether he will make a statement.

I assume my hon. Friend is referring to the recent clash between United Nations and Congolese troops at Niemba in the northern part of the Province of Katanga. We have not received any detailed report, but it appears that this regrettable incident occurred when firing broke out as a result of a Congolese attempt to remove a road block erected by the United Nations troops.

Foreign Ministers (Discussions)

59.

asked the Lord Privy Seal what proposals on Berlin and Germany will be put forward by the Foreign Secretary at the meeting of Western Foreign Ministers in early August.

The Foreign Ministers' discussions will be confidential, and I cannot therefore say what proposals my noble Friend the Foreign Secretary will put forward.

Algerian Refugees

61.

asked the Lord Privy Seal whether, in calculating the British contribution to the United Nations High Commissioner's needs for the Algerian refugees in Morocco and Tunisia, he has taken into consideration the contributions of other member States made in kind as well as those made in cash; and if Her Majesty's Government will promise an amount that shall be a mini- mum in addition to the reservation of 10 per cent. as a reasonable sum.

No; the announcement of Her Majesty's Government's response to the appeal of the High Commissioner was made after the latter had reported that requirements in kind for 1961 were expected to be fully met. As Her Majesty's Government has offered to contribute 10 per cent. of the total cash donations by the other member Governments of the High Commissioner's Executive Committee, I do not think it necessary to specify a minimum sum in addition.

Council Of Europe (Recommendations)

asked the Lord Privy Seal what action is being taken by the representative of Her Majesty's Government on the Committee of Ministers in pursuance of Council of Europe Recommendation No. 274 concerning road safety conventions and agreements.

At the last meeting of Ministers' Deputies which began on 3rd July, the United Kingdom representative agreed that a document summarising the position of each member State on all the Conventions and Agreements enumerated in this Recommendation should be prepared for transmission to the Assembly.

asked the Lord Privy Seal what action is being taken by the representative of Her Majesty's Government on the Committee of Ministers in pursuance of Council of Europe Recommendation No. 275 concerning a European highway code.

The United Kingdom permanent representative to the Council of Europe has agreed with other members of the Committee of Ministers' Deputies that this recommendation should be transmitted for opinion to the European Conference of Ministers of Transport.

India (Nagaland)

asked the Lord Privy Seal if he will instruct Her Majesty's Government's representative on the Security Council to raise the question of the continuation of the struggle between the people of Nagaland and the Indian Government, in view of the threat to world peace inherent in the situation, and with a view to obtaining a peaceful and satisfactory settlement.

No. This is an internal matter for the Government of India. Her Majesty's Government do not consider that any threat to world peace is involved and I see no grounds for intervention.

Employment

Trade Union Elections

65.

asked the Minister of Labour if he will now introduce legislation to enable him to supervise the election of officials to trade union posts.

I have at present nothing to add to the reply I gave to my hon. Friend the Member for Aylesbury (Sir S. Summers) on 19th July.

School Leavers (Apprenticeships)

66.

asked the Minister of Labour what proportion of boys leaving school in the northern region during 1960 took up apprenticeships; how this compares with 1957; and what are the respective figures for the whole country.

In northern region, 40·1 per cent. in 1960 compared with 42·2 per cent. in 1957. For Great Britain the figures were 36 per cent, in 1960 and 36·6 per cent. in 1957. The higher percentages in 1957 relate to a smaller number of school leavers. In 1960, when the percentages were only marginally less, there were more school leavers and a substantial increase in the numbers getting apprenticeships.

Employment Exchanges (Raf Recruiting Visits)

67.

asked the Minister of Labour how many employment exchanges there are in Great Britain; and how many will be visited by Royal Air Force personnel for recruiting purposes.

There are 1,017 local offices of the Ministry in Great Britain. R.A.F. personnel make local arrangements to visit our offices to discuss careers in the Service with those who are interested. I cannot say how many visits of this kind will be made in the future.

Boac Employees (Dispute)

68.

asked the Minister of Labour whether he has yet been approached with a view to a settlement of the strike among employees of British Overseas Airways Corporation; and what action he proposes to take.

This strike ended on Thursday, 20th July, when work was resumed on the basis of an agreement on the National Joint Council for Civil Air Transport. My officers were in touch with the Corporation and the trade unions concerned throughout the dispute and took part in the meetings which led to the agreement.

Group Industrial Health Schemes

asked the Minister of Labour what progress has been made towards the development of further group industrial health services with the assistance of the Nuffield Foundation grant announced by his predecessor last year.

In consultation with the Nuffield Foundation, it was decided to select two towns in older industrial areas where the prospects of establishing groups industrial health services seemed favourable. After a careful survey of potentially suitable centres, discussions were undertaken in Rochdale and Dundee by representatives of the Nuffield Foundation and of my Ministry with representative groups of local industrialists to ascertain whether sufficient support for a scheme would be assured. At Rochdale a number of the employers consulted have decided in principle to take action to bring a group industrial health scheme into being there, and have formed a promotional committee to design a scheme suited to local circumstances. At Dundee, where discussions were initiated more recently, the possibility of launching a scheme is still being explored, but the prospects appear to be promising.

Agriculture, Fisheries And Food

Ditching Scheme, Onneley

69.

asked the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food when was the last occasion on which officers of his Department visited Onneley, near Crewe, in connection with the proposed land drainage scheme, for which his Department has offered a grant; and what was the nature of their report to his Department.

My drainage officer visited Onneley in May to discuss with one of the farmers details of other ditch improvements and learned when there that the people concerned in the joint ditching scheme which the hon. Member has in mind were still not all in agreement.

Flood Warning, East Coast

70.

asked the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food if he will state the reasons why an amber flood warning was issued for the East Coast on Tuesday 4th July, the tide for which the warning was intended, the coast points intended as limits for the warning, and the reasons why the warning was passed to Hull where it became a false alarm.

The offical flood warning system does not operate during the summer months but the officer on duty used his discretion in issuing a warning on 4th July for the area East Norfolk to Thanet, because indications were that danger levels might be reached. The warning was related to predicted high water at Lowestoft, 1.34 p.m. and Harwich 3.59 p.m. No warning was issued for the division covering Hull.

River Hull

71.

asked the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food if he will state the heights above Ordnance Datum, Newlyn, of the flood prevention banks and wharves of the River Humber, inside the Hull City boundary, from the River Humber to Sutton Bridge on the River Hull, and above Sutton Bridge, respectively; and what steps the Hull and East Yorkshire River Board is to take to obtain one flood prevention water level for the whole of the River Hull.

I am having inquiries made about the height of the flood prevention banks on the River Humber within the city boundary and will write to the hon. Member.The height of wharves on the River Hull from the River Humber to Sutton Bridge is in general that laid down in the Hull Corporation Act of 1925. Above Sutton Bridge, the level of the embankment is 15·00 feet above Ordnance datum Newlyn.The river board will, I understand, consider whether there should be a new level when the Corporation's report on the survey in available.

Pensions And National Insurance

Occupational Deafness

73.

asked the Minister of Pensions and National Insurance whether he will now prescribe industrial deafness on the schedule to the National Insurance (Industrial Injuries) Act.

No. I would refer the hon. Member to the reply given by my hon. Friend the Joint Parliamentary Secretary, to the hon. Member for East Ham, North (Mr. Prentice) on 16th June.

National Assistance

74.

asked the Minister of Pensions and National Insurance, how the present National Assistance scale rate for husband and wife, both of whom are blind persons, compares in terms of 1948 prices with the same scale rate as at 5th July, 1948.

The rate now in force is equivalent, calculated back in terms of prices in July, 1948, as requested by the hon. Member, to 78s. 4d., which compares with a rate of 65s. in force at that time.

75.

asked the Minister of Pensions and National Insurance how the present value of the National Assistance scale rate for a husband and wife, one of whom is a blind person, compares in terms of 1948 prices with the same scale in July, 1948.

The rate now in force is equivalent, calculated back in terms of prices in July, 1948, as requested by the hon. Member, to 69s. 2d., which compares with a rate of 55s. in force at that time.

76.

asked the Minister of Pensions and National Insurance how the present value of the National Assistance scale rate for a husband and wife compares in terms of 1948 prices with the same scale rate in July, 1948.

The rate now in force is equivalent, calculated back in terms of prices in July, 1948, as requested by the hon. Member, to 55s. 4d., which compares with a rate of 40s. in force at that time.

Departmental Staff

asked the Minister of Pensions and National Insurance how many personal secretaries, shorthand-typists and machine operators were employed in his Department in May, 1959 and May, 1961.

Following is the information:

Employed on
1st May, 19591st May, 1961
Personal Secretaries7981
Shorthand-typists501490
Machine Operators350695

Social Security (Reciprocal Arrangements)

asked the Minister of Pensions and National Insurance in view of the free medical and dental treatment which is available in the United Kingdom to Russian visitors if he will negotiate reciprocal arrangements for British visitors to the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.

It is our policy to make agreements of this kind whenever suitable opportunities and occasions arise. I have for some time had under study the question whether there are any fields of social security in which reciprocal arrangements could usefully be developed as between this country and the Soviet Union.

Home Department

Noise

78.

asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department if he will introduce legislation to enable the police to prosecute the owner or tenant of private premises from which undue noise emanates.

Local authorities already have certain powers to deal with this matter and I think that before considering their amendment we should await the Report of the Interdepartmental Committee on the Problem of Noise appointed last year by my noble Friend the Minister for Science.

Fire Prevention Campaign

asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department if he will give details of the assistance to be given by his Department in the arrangements for the fire prevention week sponsored by the Fire Protection Association and the Royal Society for the Prevention of Accidents, beginning on 30th October this year.

I have, in conjunction with my right hon. Friends the Secretary of State for Scotland and Minister of Labour, welcomed this campaign in a message drawing attention to the serious destruction of life and property caused by fires and the need for a much wider realisation of the value of fire prevention. I am arranging for fire authorities to be supplied with films and other publicity material suitable for use in conjunction with the campaign, and for the preparation of a short film designed for showing on television.

asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department whether he has considered the Annual Report of the Fire Protection Association for 1960 which refers to three fires in which nearly fifty people died and five fires which cost nearly £9,000,000, a copy of which has been sent to him by the hon. Member for Belfast, West; and, in view of Government support for the national fire prevention campaign, sponsored by the Association, whether he will also urge local authorities to support this campaign.

I am aware of the contents of the report to which my hon. Friend refers. In answer to the second part of the Question, I understand that the sponsors of the national fire prevention campaign have already written to local fire authorities asking for their support. I have no doubt that the authorities will welcome the objects of this campaign and give whatever help in it they properly can.

British Army

Bounties (Taxation)

79.

asked the Secretary of State for War whether it is proposed that the special £200 bounty should be tax-free.

That is the intention. Legislation will be introduced in due course. Tax will not be charged on the bounty paid in the meantime.

Kenya

Mr Jomo Kenyatta

asked the Secretary of State for the Colonies whether the statement of the Governor of Kenya on 10th May, 1960, regarding the unsuitability of Jomo Kenyatta as a future African leader, was made with his authority.

The statement of 10th May was made with my authority, but my hon. Friend will recall that it was concerned with the security considerations bearing on the question of Kenyatta's release as estimated by the Governor at that time.

Tanganyika

Portuguese Consulate, Dar-Es-Salaam

77.

asked the Secretary of State for the Colonies what reply he has returned to the representations made to him by Mr. Julius Nyerere, calling for the closure of the Portuguese consulate in Dar-es-Salaam.

I have received such representations from Mr. Nyerere, and they are being considered.

Education

Pupil-Teacher Ratios

asked the Minister of Education what were the pupil-teacher ratios for the age-groups 5–10, 12–15 and 16–19 years, in maintained and independent schools, respectively, at the latest available date.

The pupil-teacher ratios in January, 1960, in maintained schools were 29·2 for juniors and 20·8 for seniors. The estimated figures for independent schools were 14·2 and 14 respectively. Separate figures for the age groups 12–15 and 16–19 are not available, because the division of secondary school teachers' time between different age-groups of children is not known.

Business Studies (Higher National Diploma)

asked the Minister of Education whether he is now in a position to announce the Government's proposals for the national recognition of advanced sandwich courses in business studies at colleges of commerce and technical colleges.

After consultation with the National Advisory Council on Education for Industry and Commerce, I have decided to establish an award to be known as the Higher National Diploma in Business Studies. This diploma, which will be introduced in September, 1962, will be given for the successful completion of an approved advanced sandwich course lasting three years or an equivalent full-time course. The joint committee concerned hopes to announce details by the end of this year; these will include provision for awarding the diploma to students who have already embarked on an appropriate course and who reach the required standard.The National Advisory Council on Education for Industry and Commerce will later consider the desirability of creating a further award in respect of courses broadly equivalent in length and standard to courses leading to the Diploma in Technology.

Ministry Of Power

Departmental Staff

asked the Minister of Power how many personal secretaries, shorthand-typists, and machine operators were employed in his Department in May, 1959, and in May, 1961.

The numbers employed were as follows:

1st May, 19591st May, 1961
Personal Secretaries80+1 part-time82
Shorthand-typists66+3 part-time53+3 part-time
Machine Operators44
150+4 part-time139+3 part-time

Trade And Commerce

Exports (Preferences)

asked the President of the Board of Trade what preferences are given to United Kingdom products by the following countries of the Commonwealth, namely, Ghana, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Tanganyika, Uganda, Kenya, Nyasaland and Northern and Southern Rhodesia.

No preferences are given in Ghana, Nigeria, Tanganyika, Uganda and Kenya. In Sierra Leone and the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland we are accorded preferences over a wide range of our exports.

Imports (Tariffs)

asked the President of the Board of Trade (1) if he will reduce the import tariff of 20 per cent. on steam rail locomotives and tenders;(2) if he will reduce the import tariff of 20 per cent. on cycles not motorised;(3) if he will reduce the import tariff of 30 per cent. on cars;(4) if he will reduce the tax import tariff of 33⅓ per cent. on pipe cleaners.

No. Tariff reductions are normally made only as the result of international agreements in which we secure compensating concessions or after full-scale inquiry into applications from organisations representative of United Kingdom users.

Transport

Driving Tests, Gidea Park

asked the Minister of Transport the number of people who took a driving test in each week, during the past twelve months, at the Gidea Park driving test centre; and the number of weekly passes for the same period.

National Finance

Earnings And Income Tax

asked the Chancellor of the Exchequer if he will state the average earnings in 1939 plus 25 per cent., and what was the Income Tax which a married man paid on this sum; and if he will state the average earnings now plus 25 per cent., the taxable amount of this, and the average rate of tax per £ on this taxable amount.

There was no earnings inquiry in 1939. The nearest earnings inquiries were made in October, 1938, and July, 1940, which gave £3 9s. and £4 9s. for the average weekly earnings of males over 21 in all industries. If the increase between these two dates took place evenly over the period the figure for October, 1939, would have been £4 1s. and a 25 per cent. increase gives £5 1s. 3d. or £263 a year; the Income Tax for a married man on this would have been 1s. 4d. a week.The latest available comparable figure is £14 10s. 8d. in October, 1960, and a 25 per cent. increase gives £18 3s. 4d. or £945 a year. After deducting the allowances for earned income for a married person and for National Insurance contributions this gives a taxable income of £477 on which the Income Tax is £129 6s. 9d. or an average rate of tax per £ of 5s. 5d.

Surtax

asked the Chancellor of the Exchequer what is the rise in the rate of Surtax from 1939–40 to 1960–61 in

RATES OF SURTAX PER £ OF INCOME
Slice of income1939–401960–6;Rise since 1939–40
AmountPer cent.
££s.d.s.d.s.d.
2,000–2,5002020NilNil
2,500–3,0002326311
3,000–4,000333638
4,000–5,000434636
5,000–6,0005056610
6,000–8,0005966913
8,000–10,000707667
10,000–12,000838633
12,000–15,00083961315
15,000–20,000901001011
Over 20,0009610065

Retail Price Index

asked the Chancellor of the Exchequer if he will state the estimated increase in the Retail Price Index which would result directly from the imposition of the 10 per cent. surcharge in revenue duties provided for in Section 9 of the Finance Act, 1961.

Overseas Military Expenditure

asked the Chancellor of the Exchequer if he will state for 1st January to 30th June, and 1st July to 31st December, respectively, for 1958, 1959 and 1960, and for the latest avail-

shillings and pence per £, and as a percentage.

The following is the Answer:able period for 1961, the total net military expenditure abroad.

The following table shows the United Kingdom's net military expenditure abroad:

£ million
1958
first half55
second half74
1959
first half62
second half70
1960
first half87
second half89
In the first quarter of 1961, the United Kingdom's net military expenditure abroad on the same basis is estimated at £50 million.