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Written Answers

Volume 721: debated on Monday 22 November 1965

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Written Answers To Questions

Monday, 22nd November, 1965

Pensions And National Insurance

Redundancy Payments Scheme (Contributions)

12.

asked the Minister of Pensions and National Insurance what increases of contributions are to come into effect on 29th November; and what action has been taken to give full publicity to them.

Presumably the hon. Member is referring to the fact that from 6th December employers' contributions to the Redundancy Fund as provided by the Redundancy Payments Act, will be collected with flat-rate National Insurance contributions. These will be 5d. a week for each man employed over the age of 18, and 2d. for each woman. No contribution will be paid by the employee.The Ministry of Labour has issued one million copies of a booklet giving details about the Redundancy Payments Scheme, and my Department is distributing three million copies of a leaflet and 180,000 posters about the new rates of contributions. Advertisements about the rates are currently appearing in the national and provincial Press.

Family Allowances (Personal Case, Oldham)

13.

asked the Minister of Pensions and National Insurance why an Oldham family, unable to marry, have been deprived of family allowance for one child on the ground that they are regarded by her as two economic families.

As my hon. Friend the Joint Parliamentary Secretary has explained to my hon. Friend, the situation in this case derives from fundamental principles of the Family Allowances Act, including, particularly, the provision that children living with a parent are in his or her family. These provisions will naturally be examined in the course of the review of social security benefits, but any departure from them would clearly have far reaching implications which I should have to study very carefully before I could undertake to propose any change in the, present law.

Industrial Injuries Fund (Value)

14.

asked the Minister of Pensions and National Insurance what was the value of the investments comprising the Industrial Injuries Fund at the latest convenient date for computation; and what was the cost of such investments at the date of purchase.

As at 31st March, 1965 about £282 million and £326 million respectively.

Old-Age Non-Pensioners

15.

asked the Minister of Pensions and National Insurance what proposals the Government have to remedy the position of the old-age non-pensioners; and how many such persons are estimated by her Department to be now living in the United Kingdom.

asked the Minister of Pensions and National Insurance what steps she will take to improve the position of old-age non-pensioners; and if she will make a statement.

I estimate that there are about 435,000 persons in the United Kingdom, including about 35,000 in Northern Ireland, who are over pensionable age and are not eligible for a pension from my Department. A large number of these are in receipt of National Assistance, or a non-contributory old-age pension, supplemented in some cases by National Assistance, and the scale rates of National Assistance were increased substantially earlier this year. I have recently taken further special action to try to ensure that all old people who are in need and entitled to help from the National Assistance Board know of their rights and avail themselves of them.

asked the Minister of Pensions and National Insurance what is her estimate of the annual cost of granting retirement pensions at the present standard rate to all persons in Wales who are in the category of non-pensioners; and what would be the approximate consequential saving in National Assistance grants.

I would refer the hon. Member to the replies which I gave to him earlier this afternoon on this matter.

asked the Minister of Pensions and National Insurance, how many elderly persons were in the category of non-pensioners at the latest convenient date; and how many elderly persons were in that category five years ago.

At 30th June, 1965 and 30th June, 1960 about 400,000 and about 725,000 people respectively in Great Britain were over pensionable age and were not eligible for any pension from my Department.

War Disability Pensioners (Death)

asked the Minister of Pensions and National Insurance, what notice is taken, in assessing a widow's claim to a war widow's pension, of the cause or attributable causes of death as shown on her husband's death certificate.

asked the Minister of Pensions and National Insurance, whether the findings of an autopsy override the cause or causes of death shown on a death certificate issued before the autopsy took place in determining whether the widow of a person previously in receipt of a war disability pension is entitled to a war widow's pension.

The whole of the relevant evidence is carefully considered, including the causes of death shown on the death certificate and any post-mortem findings. No one kind of evidence automatically overrides all the rest.

asked the Minister of Pensions and National Insurance, on what grounds an autopsy is ordered by her Department once a death certificate has been issued on a person previously in receipt of a war disability pension.

Industrial Injuries Scheme (Self-Employed Persons)

asked the Minister of Pensions and National Insurance if she will take steps to make provision for self-employed persons to obtain benefit under the Industrial Injuries Scheme.

Ministry Of Health

Fluoridation

23.

asked the Minister of Health which public health authorities have decided to add fluoride to water supplies; which have decided not to; and which have decided to provide fluoride in other forms to parents wishing thus to protect their children's teeth.

With permission, I will circulate in the OFFICIAL REPORT lists of the authorities based on the latest information available to me. I have not authorised local health authorities to provide fluoride other than in water supplies.Following is the information:

1. Local health authorities who have resolved in support of fluoridation
County Councils
Bedfordshire.Rutland.
Buckinghamshire.Shropshire.
Cheshire.Staffordshire.
Cumberland.Suffolk West.
Derbyshire.Surrey.
Durham.Warwickshire.
Essex.Worcestershire.
Hampshire.Yorkshire North Riding.
Hunts. and Peterborough.Yorkshire West Riding.
Isle of Wight.
Leicestershire.Anglesey.
Lincs. (Kesteven).Breconshire.
Lincs. (Lindsey).Denbighshire.
Northamptonshire.Flintshire.
Northumberland.Glamorgan.
Nottinghamshire.Monmouthshire.
Oxfordshire.Radnorshire.
County Borough Councils
Barrow-in-Furness.Rotherham.
Birmingham.Salford.
Blackpool.Sheffield.
Bolton.Smethwick.
Bootle.Solihull.
Burton-on-Trent.Southampton.
Coventry.Southport.
Derby.South Shields.
Dewsbury.Stockport.
Dudley.Stoke on Trent.
Gateshead.Wakefield.
Gloucester.Wallasey.
Huddersfield.Walsall.
Leicester.Warrington.
Luton.West Bromwich.
Oldham.Wigan.
Preston.Wolverhampton.
Reading.Merthyr Tydfil.
Rochdale.
London Boroughs
Bexley.Kingston-upon-Thames.
Bromley.Redbridge.
Croydon.City of Westminster.
Ealing.Greenwich.
Islington.

Councils exercising delegated health and welfare functions
Chesterfield Borough.Nuneaton Borough.
Oldbury Borough.
Easington Rural District.Scunthorpe Borough.
Gillingham Borough.Stretford Borough.
Sutton Coldfield Borough.
Huyton-with-Roby Urban District.Woking Urban District.
Keighley Borough.

2. Local health authorities who have resolved against fluoridation

This list includes authorities who reached a decision a year or more ago and are known to be reconsidering the matter.

County Councils

Berkshire.Lincs. (Holland).
Cornwall.Norfolk.
Dorset.Somerset.
GloucestershireWestmorland.
Herefordshire.Merioneth.
Kent.

County Boroughs

Bath.Lincoln.
Birkenhead.Liverpool.
Bournemouth.Manchester.
Brighton.Middlesbrough.
Bristol.Northampton.
Bury.Norwich.
Carlisle.Nottingham.
Chester.Oxford.
Darlington.Plymouth.
Doncaster.Portsmouth.
Eastbourne.Sunderland.
Exeter.St. Helens.
Great Yarmouth.Worcester.
Grimsby.Cardiff.
Halifax.Newport.

Councils exercising delegated health and welfare functions

Basildon Urban District.Poole Borough.
Stockton-on-Tees Borough.
Gosport Borough.
Havant and Water-loo Urban District.Swindon Borough.
Worthing Borough.
Middleton Borough.Rhondda Borough.
Newcastle-under-Lyme Borough.

Dialysing Systems

29.

asked the Minister of Health what steps he is taking to increase supplies of the machinery known as artificial kidney machines, in view of the demand for the form of treatment called dialysis.

I am continuing to give financial support to evaluation of new dialysing systems both for use in hospitals and in the home. My officers are also closely in touch with British firms developing equipment of this specialised nature.

Artificial Limbs

22.

asked the Minister of Health what is the number of patients requiring artificial limbs; and what is the average period they have to wait before being supplied.

About 4,600 patients a year require artificial limbs for the first time. The waiting period varies widely according to clinical and other factors and an average would not be meaningful.

Immigrants And Visitors (Medical Examinations)

32.

asked the Minister of Health if he will investigate the effectiveness of medical examinations on immigrants and visitors known or believed to be suffering from active leprosy.

I am aware that cases have sometimes been missed, as in addition to having an incubation period of up to five years, leprosy may be difficult to recognise, particularly in its early stages. If, however, any immigrant or visitor were suspected of having the disease, a full medical examination would be carried out.

Nurseries And Child-Minders

asked the Minister of Health what proportion of the children provided for in 1964 by day nurseries, registered private nurseries and registered child-minders, respectively, was between the ages of two and five; and what was the number of children in each category.

At the end of 1964 local authority day nurseries provided for 21,532 children and registered private day nurseries for 38,144. The remaining information is not available.

asked the Minister of Health what was the number of children provided for by the 2,994 child-minders who were registered in 1964; and to what extent the number of children per registered child-minder in 1964 was different from the number of children per childminder in 1958.

2,206 registered minders looked after 18,016 children in 1962 compared with 1,138 and 8,981 respectively in 1958. Later figures are not available.

Fatal Accidents In The Home

asked the Minister of Health how many fatal accidents in the home there were in each year from 1961 to 1965, inclusive.

The information is as follows:

DEATHS FROM ACCIDENTS IN THE HOME (*I.C.D. Nos. E.870-E.936)—ENGLAND AND WALES
19611962196319641965 (First six months only)
5,8116,5046,9446,2303,337
* International Classification of Diseases.

Doctors In General Practice

asked the Minister of Health what was the number of doctors in general practice in each of the past five years; and what is the number or estimated number for each quarter of the present year.

Following is the information:

Principals Providing Full General Medical Services, England and Wales
1st July, 196019,914
1st October, 196120,175
1st October, 196220,312
1st October, 196320,335
1st October, 196420,232
1st January, 196520,194
1st April, 196520,190
1st July, 196520,144
1st October, 196520,014
(provisional)
Note.These figures exclude a few doctors—13 in 1965—who practise mainly in Scotland.

Greater London Boroughs (General Practitioner Representation)

asked the Minister of Health how many of the boroughs in the Greater London area have general practitioner representation either as representative or observer on the local health committee; and which boroughs have so far failed to take such action.

Hospitals

Student Nurses

asked the Minister of Health what proportion of student nurses who enrolled in each of the last five years left before completing their training; what proportion of each annual figure left to get married; and what steps are taken to ascertain the other reasons for leaving training.

Figures are not available in the form requested but the following table shows for each of the last five years the number of those admitted to the Index of Student Nurses, which is kept by the General Nursing Council for England and Wales, and the number withdrawn from it before completion of training. The Council ask nurse training schools to inform them of the reason when a student nurse gives up training.

Year ended 31st MarchAdmissions to the IndexWithdrawals from Index before completion of trainingNumbers giving marriage as the reason for giving up training, as a percentage of all those giving up training
(1)(2)(3)(4)
196120,5739,0811,485
(16·3 per cent)
196221,3338,4261,261
(15·0 per cent)
196321,9788,0691,168
(14·5 per cent)
196419,6488,1391,168
(14·4 per cent)
196520,7708,9231,149
(12?9 per cent)

Hospital Building Programme

asked the Minister of Health what is the present extent of the hospital building programme; and how much of it has been curtailed or postponed.

I would ask the hon. Member to await the completion of my review of the Hospital Plan. There has been no reduction in the total amount of money expected to be available for hospital building and in the current year £5 million more has been provided than was included in the plans of the previous administration. A number of schemes in the original Plan will be postponed because of changes in estimated cost.

Industrial Training Act, 1964 (Medical Laboratory Technicians)

asked the Minister of Health if hospital management committees will qualify for grants under his regulations under the Industrial Training Act, 1964 in respect of medical laboratory technicians released for Higher National Diploma sandwich courses.

Hospital authorities are not within the scope of the Act, but the present training arrangements, which include provision for day release, will be reviewed when the Medical Laboratory Technicians Registration Board have considered proposals on the content of training, examination requirements and examination certificates which I understand are under consideration by the Institute of Medical Laboratory Technology.

Paymaster-General (Letter)

35.

asked the Paymaster-General, what reply he sent to the letter from Miss Florence Cotterell when she sought his advice, in his Ministerial capacity, about pensions for elderly retired teachers.

Ministry Of Labour

National Youth Employment Council (Working Party Report)

37.

asked the Minister of Labour, when he will publish the report of the working party set up by Lady Albemarle's National Youth Employment Council.

My right hon. Friend has given authority for the report to be printed and he hopes it will be published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office before the Christmas recess.

Remploy Workers (Incomes)

asked the Minister of Labour, what is the average net wage of severely disabled persons employed by Remploy Limited; what proportion and number of such persons receive, in addition to a wage, any disablement benefit; what proportion and number of such persons receive a smaller net income than they would do if they were totally disabled and in receipt of disablement or sickness benefit as appropriate; what proportion and number of such people receive a smaller net income than they would do if they were solely dependent upon the National Assistance Board; and whether he is satisfied with existing arrangements for ensuring that persons employed by Remploy Limited receive a minimum income at least equal to the National Assistance Board's prescribed scale.

The average wage of Remploy's severely disabled employees is £10 15s. 0d. for men and £7 15s. 0d. for women. Information is not available as to what these figures would be net of Income Tax and National Insurance contributions or about how many are in receipt of any disablement benefit or whether any would be better off on National Assistance or sickness benefit. The wages and conditions of Remploy's severely disabled workers are the subject of negotiation between the company and the unions concerned.

Public Building And Works

Industrialised Building (Cost)

49.

asked the Minister of Public Building and Works, what sum the Directorate-General of Research and Development is at present spending to promote industrialised building; and what is the current difference in cost between a house built by industrial methods and one built by traditional methods.

Work on the development of industrialised building forms only a part of the total activity of my Directorate-General of Research and Development, and a separate figure for the cost of this work is not available.On average, flats built by industrialised methods are slightly cheaper, and two-storey houses slightly dearer, than traditional building.

Horse Guards Parade (Car Parking Permits)

50.

asked the Minister of Public Building and Works by what criteria permits are issued to certain people to park their cars on the Horse Guards Parade.

Permits are issued to Government Departments in the Whitehall area and to the Houses of Parliament for those people who have a special need to use a car for their work. This was the practice of the former Administration.

asked the Minister of Public Building and Works if he will publish a full list of the names of those persons, together with a list of their Departments, who are holders of permits to park their cars in that part of the Horse Guards Parade indicated as being reserved for the Prime Minister.

asked the Minister of Public Building and Works how many permits are issued to persons to park their cars on the Horse Guards Parade; and whether he will circulate a list in the OFFICIAL REPORT of the names of these persons and their present place of employment.

At present, 539 permits are issued for parking on 333 spaces. They are issued mainly to Government Departments in the Whitehall area who allocate them as necessary to officials who have a special need to use a car for their work, and to visitors. The actual users vary from day to day. I am not prepared to circulate a list of permit holders.

Post Office

Regional Stamp Designs

asked the Postmaster-General if, when considering stamp designs in the regional series, he will consider the issue of a stamp for Sussex.

I shall bear in mind the possibility of showing a Sussex scene in one of the pictorial stamps I shall be issuing.

"Post Early For Christmas" Campaign

asked the Postmaster-General, in which newspapers and periodicals the official advertisements for the 1965 Post Early for Christmas cam- paign will be placed; and what will be the total cost of such advertising.

We are advertising in about 950 newspapers and periodicals, including selected national papers, at a cost of approximately £15,000. I am sending my hon. Friend a complete list.

Telephone Service

Telephone Users' Association, South Of Scotland

51.

asked the Postmaster-General, what relations he has established with the Telephone Users' Association in the south of Scotland.

None. But if the right hon. Gentleman has any specific proposals to make, my right hon. Friend would be glad to consider them.

Scotland

Rents (Smallholders)

52.

asked the Secretary of State for Scotland, on what basis he decided the general increase in rents which he is requiring of smallholders; and if he will state the highest percentage increase agreed with his Department during the last 12 months.

The rents were out of line with current values and a general revision was put in hand two years ago. Increases were necessary not only to maintain some relativity with agricultural rents generally, but also to keep pace with the costs of upkeep and to encourage the proper use of land. The highest percentage increase agreed with the Department during the last 12 months was 227 per cent, which represented a rise in the rent of a six acre holding from £8 11s. 2d. to £28.

Exported Potatoes (Health Certificate)

asked the Secretary of State for Scotland whether he will take steps to bring the health certificate issued by his Department in respect of potatoes exported from Scotland into line with that issued by the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food in respect of potatoes exported from England.

There is no difference between the Scottish and English certificates in respect of plant health standards, but the wording differs slightly in the provision disclaiming financial liability. This has caused no difficulty in the past, but recently gave rise to a misunderstanding in one country which hitherto had regularly accepted the certificate. A small change is being made in the wording of the Scottish provision which will in effect bring the Scottish and English provisions into line.

Local Authority Projects (Deferment)

asked the Secretary of State for Scotland if he will name the individual capital spending projects by local authorities which have been reported to his Department as being deferred in response to his circular drawing attention to the Chancellor's statement of 27th July; and what is the total sum involved in such projects.

As the Under-Secretary of State informed the hon. Member for Perth and East Perthshire (Mr. MacArthur) on 17th November, local authorities are not required to report all projects which they have decided to defer. To list those projects which happen to have been reported as deferred would call for a good deal of work, having regard to the number of services affected. I do not think that this would be justified when the information provided about deferment would necessarily still be incomplete. From all the cases that have come to my notice I am satisfied that local authorities have co-operated responsibly in slowing down expenditure on non-essential capital projects.

Local Authority Representatives (Loss Of Earnings Allowance)

asked the Secretary of State for Scotland what proposals he has to increase the loss of earnings allowance to members of local authorities as present rates have declined in purchasing power and in relation to increases in other incomes.

No increase is proposed immediately but the matter will be reviewed next year.

A8 Experimental System

asked the Secretary of State for Scotland what conclusion he has come to as a result of the experimental alternating two-lane and one-lane system on the A.8 between Bangour Hospital and the Broxburn Road; and if he will make a statement.

This experimental system of carriageway markings has been in operation only since June, and although it appears to be working well, I cannot yet be sure of its success. I expect to receive an interim report on its operation from my agent authority and the police early next month.

Monkland Canal, Coatbridge

asked the Secretary of State for Scotland what date he has approved for starting the next phase of the removal of the Monkland Canal, Coatbridge; what is the estimated cost of the project and the amount of the Government grant; and when the work will be completed.

I approved on 18th November a scheme for filling in a further section of the canal, at a net cost provisionally estimated at £175,000. Grant arrangements will be the same as for the earlier phase of the work, but the amount of grant cannot be determined until more precise costs are available. The timing of the work is a matter for the town council and their consultants.

Road Programme

asked the Secretary of State for Scotland, whether his new roads programme includes improvements to the A.1 road between Edinburgh and Berwick-on-Tweed and, in particular, whether by-pass roads at Dunbar and Tranent are included.

My right hon. Friend hopes to include in the road programme up to 1970 not only the Renton diversion scheme, which has been deferred under the Government's economy measures, but also a series of improvements to the Dunbar by-pass. He cannot, however, fit into that programme up to 1970 the bypass of Tranent.

Doctors In General Practice

asked the Secretary of State for Scotland, what was the number of doctors in general practice in each of the past five years; and what is the number or estimated number for each quarter of the present year.

NUMBER OF DOCTORS PROVIDING GENERAL MEDICAL SERVICES IN SCOTLAND
Principals providing unrestricted medical servicesPrincipals acting as assistantsPrincipals with "Limited Lists" e.g. services solely to staffs of hospitals or other institutionsTotal number of principalsAssistants (other than trained assistants and assistants who are also principals)Trainee Assistants
1st July, 19602,6288292,66518861
1st July, 19612,6549262,68917659
1st July, 19622,6632272,69215567
1st July, 19632,6663282,69713157
1st July, 19642,6621262,68911745
1st January, 19652,6523252,68010945
1st April, 19652,6432252,67011644
1st July, 19652,6252242,65110550
1st October, 19652,6112252,6389246

Local Government

Premises, Redhill (Appeals)

53.

asked the Minister of Housing and Local Government when an appeal was received by his Department from Messrs. Skinner and Rose of Reigate, Redhill and Horley, acting on behalf of the Reigate sea cadets, concerning the use of premises at Shenley, Hooley Lane, Redhill; and why no decision has yet been reached.

Two appeals concerning these premises were received on 18th October. The planning authority have been asked whether they are willing to have the appeals decided on the basis of written representations; if not, a local inquiry will be arranged as soon as possible.

Ministry Of Transport

Road Fatalities

asked the Minister of Transport, how many fatalities arising from road accidents there were in each year from 1961 to 1965, inclusive.

The figures are as follows:

YearFatalities
19616908
19626709
19636922
19647820
Jan. to Sept. 19645451
Jan. to Sept. 19655700

asked the Minister of Transport, how many fatalities arising from road accidents on designated motorways there were in each year from 1961 to 1965, inclusive.

The information is not readily available for 1961. The figures for 1962 to 1965, with related mileage figures, are as follows:

Fatalities*Mileage*
196233123 (April, 1962)
196348200 (April, 1963)
196498292 (April, 1964)
1965 (January to August)71345 (April, 1965)
* Includes figures for "A" roads built to motorway standards, except for 1962.

Concessionary Fares (Pensioners)

54.

asked the Minister of Transport, whether he will consult privately-owned transport undertakings with a view to introducing legislation to obtain concessionary fares for pensioners.

No. In our view, it must be left to the transport undertakings concerned to decide how far they can give concessionary fares.

Ministry Of Power

Retirement Pensioners (Fuel Requirements)

55.

asked the Minister of Power, if he will introduce legislation so as to provide for free issues of household coal for retirement pensioners in the winter months.

No. The Government's policy is to ensure through the National Insurance and National Assistance schemes that retirement pensioners and those receiving National Assistance have sufficient resources to meet their needs, including fuel requirements.

Gas And Electricity (Tariff Charges)

asked the Minister of Power if he will issue a general direction to the gas and electricity boards to make appropriate reductions in tariff charges to consumers during periods of reduced pressure of gas supply and electricity voltage.

No, in times of reduced pressure the consumer is charged for no more energy than he has received.

Electricity And Gas Plant (Planning And Construction)

asked the Minister of Power what are the minimum planning and construction periods for plants for the generation of electricity and the manufacture of town gas.

For the construction of the larger plants, about five years and two years respectively. This does not include the lengthy periods often required for selecting and acquiring sites and obtaining statutory consents before construction can be started.Gas turbine generating sets can be constructed in about two and a half years and butane/air plant to supplement town gas supplies can be provided in about a year, but such supplies are in small units and are expensive to operate.

Agriculture, Fisheries And Food

Corned Beef (Reprocessing For Pet Food)

asked the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food whether he will specify the methods of heat treatment applied under his regulations to suspected corned beef when it is reprocessed for pet food; in particular, whether heat is applied before the cans are opened or afterwards; and if he will give an assurance that the meat is not handled before it has been heat processed.

The choice of method of processing would be for the individual pet food manufacturer. The normal process of manufacture of such meat for pet food involves heating it to a temperature sufficiently high to remove any risk.

Wise Committee On Smallholdings

asked the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food whether he has yet received the report of the Wise Committee on Smallholdings; and when he will make a statement on it.

Ministry Of Defence

Armed Forces Pensioners

asked the Secretary of State for Defence what is the total number of Armed Forces pensioners who retired prior to 1956; what will be the total cost of the increased benefits they will receive under the proposed Pensions (Increase) Bill; and what would be the cost of bringing all who retired before 1956 up to the proposed new rates for 1956.

Including widows and dependants, and assuming that the proposed increases are effective from 1st January, 1966, the figures are: about 150,000, about £4·4 million a year, and about £62·6 million a year.

Leave Warrants

asked the Secretary of State for Defence if he will state the number of leave warrants issued to members of Her Majesty's Forces for travel between Great Britain and Northern Ireland during the last convenient year and the numbers of such warrants for each quarter of such year, respectively.

I regret this information is not available. To obtain it would involve checking some hundreds of thousands of travel warrants.

Education And Science

Junior Schools (Pupil/Teacher Ratio)

asked the Secretary of State for Education and Science what is the children/teacher ratio in junior schools in Heywood; how this compares with Lancashire and with the country; and if he will supply the same information for Crompton, Royton, Milnrow, Littleborough, Wardle and Whitworth.

The available information is contained in the table below:

PUPILS PER TEACHER IN PRIMARY SCHOOLS JANUARY, 1965
Pupils per full-time teacherPupils per teacher (including the full-time equivalent for part-time teachers)
England and Wales29·7N/A
Lancashire Local Education Authority30·3N/A
Heywood29·228·0
Crompton31·930·7
Royton32·231·0
Milnrow24·224·1
Littleborough26·425·8
Wardle28·728·7
Whitworth25·925·6

Common Cold (Research)

asked the Secretary of State for Education and Science when he expects results from the collaboration of the Medical Research Council and pharmaceutical firms in research into the preparation of a vaccine against the common cold.

The Council's Common Cold Research Unit is continuing its collaborative studies but the preparation of a vaccine against the common cold presents a particularly difficult research problem and progress is likely to be slow. An account of the present position of research on the common cold, including the feasibility of vaccination against such infection, is contained in the Report of the Medical Research Council, 1963–65 (Cmnd. 2787).

Junior Schools (Shortage Of Teachers)

asked the Secretary of State for Education and Science how it is proposed to deal with the shortage of teachers in junior schools in Heywood.

These schools, in common with primary schools in many other areas, are experiencing staffing difficulties because of their rapidly rising pupil numbers, but their staffing standards are up to the national average and slightly better than the average for Lancashire as a whole. The responsibility for their staffing rests with the Lancashire local education authority. The Government's part is to increase the size of the national teacher force through the expansion of the universities and colleges of education, and to ensure through the quota system that Lancashire receives its fair share. The authority are also taking energetic steps to draw upon their own local resources by persuading married women teachers to return to the schools.

Research Projects

asked the Secretary of State for Education and Science, what action he is taking to ensure that the results of the research projects financed by his Department are made available in suitable form to schools and colleges of education.

I have arranged that, starting in January, the Department will publish through H.M.S.O. a new quarterly journal "Trends in Education". One of the purposes of this journal will be to help in explaining the findings of educational research projects for the benefit of practising teachers and those in training in the colleges. The journal will also interpret the now very extensive range of statistics published by the Department. H.M. Inspectors will be among the regular contributors, discussing some of the latest developments in teaching practice. I hope this publication, besides drawing attention to educational developments as such, will act as a forum for new ideas and views and as another point of contact between the Department and those professionally engaged in education as teachers and administrators.

National Finance

Developing Countries (Private Investment)

asked the Chancellor of the Exchequer what was the estimated total of British private investment in developing countries during the period 16th October, 1964 to 15th October, 1965.

Figures for this period are not available. My hon. Friend gave an estimate for the year 1964 in an Answer to the hon. Member for Haltemprice (Mr. Wall) on 22nd July.

Non-Industrial Civil Servants

asked the Chancellor of the Exchequer to what extent the Civil Service has been expanded since the present Government took office; and at what cost.

Excluding the Post Office there were 7,900 more non-industrial civil servants on 1st October, 1965, than on 1st October, 1964. Their pay in a full year cannot be assessed precisely, but is estimated at under £5 million.

Public Service Pensioners

asked the Chancellor of the Exchequer what is the total number of public service pensioners who retired prior to 1st April, 1957; what will be the total cost of the increased benefits they will receive under the proposed Pensions (Increase) Bill; and what would be the cost of bringing all who retired before 1956 up to the proposed new rates for 1956.

420,000; £16½ million; £11 million. The figure of 420,000 relates to those retired before 31st December, 1956, since those who retired between that date and 1st April, 1957, would gain nothing from being put on to 1956 rates.

Remploy Workers (Post-War Credits)

asked the Chancellor of the Exchequer what action he has taken, or will take, to ensure that severely disabled persons employed by Remploy Limited can receive prompt repayment of their post-war credits.

Persons who are within a number of hardship categories can claim repayment of their post-war credits, but I am afraid that employment by Remploy Ltd. is not of itself enough to entitle the holder of a credit to claim.

Public Service Pensioners

asked the Chancellor of the Exchequer, when he will introduce the Government's proposals for increas- ing public service pensions for pensioners who retired from the public services prior to 1960.

The Pensions (Increase) Bill was given its Second Reading on 18th November.

Economic Affairs

National Board For Prices And Incomes

asked the First Secretary of State and Secretary of State for Economic Affairs, what action he has taken or is contemplating as a result of the National Board for Prices and Incomes' Report on the soaps and detergents industries.

Immediately following the publication of the Report my right hon. Friend held meetings with the principal manufacturers concerned who on the day of publication had announced their general acceptance of the main recommendations of the Report. Further discussions are continuing on implementation of the recommendations.

asked the First Secretary of State and Secretary of State for Economic Affairs, what action he has taken or is contemplating as a result of the National Board for Prices and Incomes' Report on the road haulage industries.

Immediately following the publication of the Report, my right hon. Friend met representatives of the industry to discuss the Board's findings. I am glad to say that the Road Haulage Association has subsequently accepted the Board's principal recommendation that the practice of recommending general increases in rates by the Association should be abandoned. My right hon. Friend the Minister of Labour has held discussions with representatives of the unions and employers about questions relating to productivity in the industry and in particular the scope for revising running schedules. The Board's recommendations relating to terminal and handling costs are being examined by the appropriate Economic Development Committees.

asked the First Secretary of State and Secretary of State for Economic Affairs what action he has taken or is contemplating as a result of the National Board for Prices and Incomes' Report on the printing industry.

My right hon. Friend met representatives of both sides of the industry on 17th September when they agreed to give urgent consideration to the recommendations contained in the Report, particularly the question of broadening the terms of reference of the Joint Manpower Committee and the appointment of an independent chairman. Since then he has made a further approach with the object of securing an early decision in this matter.

asked the First Secretary of State and Secretary of State for Economic Affairs what action he has taken or is contemplating as a result of the National Board for Prices and Incomes' Report on the bread and flour industries.

Immediately following the publication of the Report my right hon. Friend arranged meetings with representatives of both sides of the baking industry to discuss the Board's findings. At a meeting on 6th September the representatives of the main bakery firms accepted that the price of the standard loaf should not be increased for the time being, subject to reexamination in three months' time. Further discussions are taking place on the various recommendations of the Report.

Special Operations Executive In France (Book)

asked the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs what consideration he gave, when taking a decision to publish an official book on the activities of the Special Operations Executive in France, to its effect in nullifying the guarantees of secrecy given by officers and officials.

As my right hon. Friend the Prime Minister informed the hon. Gentleman in a recent letter, the decision to publish this book was reached by the previous Government and endorsed by the present one only after the most careful consideration. I am satisfied that publication of the book will not involve any breach of faith or understanding with former members of Special Operations Executive. Although the Government have the right to authorise the publication of any information from official records which they think appropriate, those members of Special Operations Executive who bore a significant responsibility for the direction of the French Section's activities and who are mentioned by name have been consulted to ensure that they have no objection.

Home Department

Experiments On Animals

asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department (1) at how many premises in England and Wales experiments involving vivisection of dogs, cats or horses were carried out in the 12 months to the latest convenient date; at how many premises less than 10 acts of vivisection on dogs, cats or horses were carried out; at how many more than 50 were carried out; at how many more than 100 were carried out; and how many visits were paid by his inspectors to the premises falling into each of these three categories;(2) how many premises in England and Wales are licensed for vivisection; at how many such premises less than 50 acts of vivisection, over 150 acts, and over 500 acts, respectively, were carried out in the 12 months to the latest convenient date; and how many visits were paid by his inspectors to the premises falling into each of these three categories.

I regret that this information is not available. Information is collected from each person licensed under the Cruelty to Animals Act, 1876 about the numbers of experiments he has performed under the Act in the calendar year, and this includes details of the numbers of experiments on cats, dogs and horses. The totals in 1964 were 14,036 on cats, 13,169 on dogs and 281 on horses. Some licensees are authorised to perform experiments in more than one registered place, but they are not required to report the numbers performed at each place. From the returns available, therefore, it is not possible to classify registered places according to the numbers of experiments performed therein.

During 1964 there were at one time or another 575 places registered under the Act, but some of these comprise a number of separate laboratories and animal houses. For the reason given above it is not possible to classify laboratories according to the number of experiments of particular kinds performed there. The inspectors paid 2,170 visits to registered places during 1964.

Holloway Prison (Prisoners Held On Remand)

asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department if he will circulate in the OFFICIAL REPORT, without publishing their names, a list of the prisoners under the age of 21 years held on remand in Holloway Prison either for trial or sentence, setting out their ages, the dates since when they have been in custody and brief details of the charges against them.

On 16th November there were 40 prisoners under the age of 21 held on remand in Holloway Prison, either for trial or sentence. The following table gives the particulars asked for.

Date of committalAgeDetails of charges
24.9.6519*Taking and driving away without consent.
25.9.6520Housebreaking and larceny, obtaining cash from Postmaster General by forged instrument.
25.9.6519Unlawful possession of drugs. Breach of Probation.
15.10.6519Unauthorised possession of drugs.
16.10.6518Larceny of cash as a servant.
19.10.6518Larceny of purse and contents.
21.10.6517Larceny from shops.
22.10.6518Housebreaking and larceny.
23.10.6520Larceny in dwelling-house.
25.10.6519Larceny in dwelling-house. Larceny from shop.
26.10.6518Larceny from shop.
2.11.6520Burglary.
3.11.6517Larceny in dwelling-house.
3.11.6517Larceny from shop.
4.11.6519Making false statement to procure passport.
4.11.6518Obtaining cash by forged instrument.
4.11.6519*Failed to surrender to bail on charge of attempted housebreaking.
6.11.6518Possessing offensive weapons.
8.11.6518Larceny from dwelling-house.
8.11.6518Larceny from dwelling-house.
8.11.6518Possessing dangerous drugs.
8.11.6516Larceny from dwelling-house.

Date of committal

Age

Details of charges

9.11.6519Failing to comply with conditions of probation order.
9.11.6519Larceny.
9.11.6520Shopbreaking and entering, larceny.
10.11.6519Wandering abroad.
11.11.6518Assault occasioning actual bodily harm.
11.11.6520Offences against the Aliens Order.
11.11.6519Soliciting.
11.11.6520Larceny.
11.11.6519Larceny.
11.11.6518Possessing housebreaking implements.
12.11.6519Larceny.
13.11.6518Breach of Probation.
13.11.6519Larceny.
13.11.6520Larceny from shop.
15.11.6517Breach of Probation.
15.11.6519Larceny from dwelling-house.
15.11.6519Drunk and disorderly.
15.11.6517Possessing an offensive weapon.

* Also serving sentence.

War Disability Pensioners (Death)

asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department what is the practice regarding the reference of the case to a coroner when a person in receipt of a 70 per cent. war disability pension dies in hospital.

There is no requirement in law for the death of a person in receipt of a war disability pension to be reported to the coroner. Section 3 of the Coroners Act, 1887, requires a coroner to make an investigation when a death is reported to him and there is reasonable cause to suspect that the death was a violent one or was unnatural or was a sudden death the cause of which is unknown. Whether in a particular case the death of a person in receipt of a war disability pension comes within those categories will depend on the individual circumstances.

Board Of Trade

British Television Programmes (Overseas Earnings)

asked the President of the Board of Trade how much was earned in foreign exchange from the export of British television programmes during 1963 and 1964.

Overseas earnings were about £1·6 million and £2·0 million in 1963 and 1964 respectively.

Apples (Import Quota)

asked the President of the Board of Trade whether he will extend the quota period, July to December, for apples imported under licence to embrace the months of January and February.

I would refer the hon. Member to the Answer which my right hon. Friend gave on 17th November to a similar Question by the hon. Member for Leominster (Sir Clive Bossom).