asked the Secretary of State for the Environment whether he is satisfied with the procedures for ensuring that premises producing or using manufacturing processes that are potentially dangerous should be well separated from schools, hospitals and residential areas.
Local planning authorities have adequate powers of control over the siting of new development. They have been advised to take into account safety factors when considering planning applications for development of a potentially hazardous nature or for residential or other development in the vicinity of hazardous plant; and, in appropriate cases, to seek the advice of Her Majesty's Factory Inspectorate, now part of the Health and Safety Executive. If a local planning authority is concerned about existing hazardous uses it can, if it considers it expedient, impose suitable planning conditions on the use or require it to cease. In those circumstances, a liability for compensation may arise.The Health and Safety at Work etc. Act 1974 contains enabling powers for the licensing of industrial premises of a potentially hazardous nature. Regulations under the Act could provide for safety distances or enable them to be imposed in the licence. Controls of this kind must, however, await the recommendations of the expert committee on major industrial hazards which, as my right hon. Friend the Secretary of State for Employment indicated in reply to a Question on 4th November 1974—[Vol. 880, c.
road; and what proportion of this traffic is heavy goods vehicles.
The most recent traffic counts taken on these roads, in August 1974, gave the following figures:has been set up by the Health and Safety Commission.