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Gross National Product

Volume 958: debated on Tuesday 14 November 1978

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asked the Chancellor of the Exchequer, from information available to him, what percentage of the gross national product and funds in total is now being spent on research and development; of this, how much is public expenditure and how much private expenditure; how this has changed over the

ESTIMATED EXPENDITURE ON SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT IN THE UNITED KINGDOM*
Total
In value termsAs proportion of GNP§Public sector†Private sector‡
As proportion of total expenditure║
£ millionPer cent.Per centPer cent.
1975–762,1512·25842
1972–731,3132·35545
1968–699982·65446
1964–657712·65842
* Excluding research in the social sciences and humanities.
† Central and local government and public corporations.
‡ Including funding from overseas.
§ At factor cost.
║ By source of funds.
Preliminary figures from the OECD international survey of the resources devoted to R and D in 1975, on the basis of expenditure on scientific R and D as a proportion of gross domestic product at market prices are: United Kingdom, 2·1 per cent.; EEC countries as a whole, 1·8 per cent. USA, 2·3 per cent.