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Expenditure

Volume 974: debated on Monday 26 November 1979

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asked the Chancellor of the Exchequer if he will publish a table showing the latest figures for annual expenditure on public services of all categories, including defence, incurred in England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, respectively.

The tables below show figures of identifiable public expenditure on the main functional programmes in England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. Figures are presented for the past five years in pounds million, as a percentage of total United Kingdom identifiable expenditure, in pounds per head and the latter as a percentage of United Kingdom identifiable expenditure per head.The term "identifiable expenditure" refers to expenditure which can be identified from official records as having been incurred in a particular country. In the case of Scotland and Wales it has a wider coverage than expenditure within the responsibility of the Secretaries of State and in the case of Northern Ireland it has a slightly wider coverage than the Northern Ireland programme in the public expenditure survey. It excludes debt interest and expenditure on defence, overseas aid and other overseas services which is incurred on behalf of the United Kingdom as a whole. Total identifiable public expenditure represents about 75 per cent. of total public expenditure.The extent to which expenditure can be identified may vary from year to year and between countries, particularly for services administered on an England and Wales basis. The figures in the tables also reflect other differences in administrative arrangements; for example, current expenditure on sewerage by regional water authorities is treated as a trading expense in England and Wales and excluded from public expenditure: but in Scotland it is local authority rate fund expenditure and so is included in other environmental services as public expenditure. Total Government net lending to nationalised industries is allocated to countries, industry by industry, pro rata to the industries' identifiable capital investment, and the amounts attributed to each country fluctuate from year to year because of the variability both of the aggregate lending figures and of the incidence of expenditure on large capital projects in particular countries.The estimates below were compiled during the late summer of 1979. They use the terms and classifications of the public expenditure White Paper "The Government's Expenditure Plans 1979–80 to 1982–83" Cmnd. 7439, published in January 1979 and, for earlier years, may therefore differ slightly from those given in answers previously. The public expenditure totals on which the estimates are based correspond broadly to those of the Treasury analysis of public expenditure, published as a supplementary table in the September issue of "Financial Statistics", and they do not take account of a small amount of later information on expenditure, particularly for 1978–79, included in the White Paper "The Government's Expenditure Plans, 1980–81" (Cmnd. 7746).

IDENTIFIABLE PUBLIC EXPENDITURE
1974–75
£ million

As a percentage of United Kingdom identifiable expenditure

England

Scotland

Wales

Northern Ireland

United Kingdom

England

Scotland

Wales

Northern Ireland

Agriculture, fisheries, food and forestry889181811011,252711468
Trade, Industry, energy and employment9192481061461,4196518710
Government lending to nationalised industries†518781861675761239
Roads and transport1,52421694501,884811153
Housing3,575445173864,279841042
Other environmental services1,687246130502,112801262
Law, order and protective services968109481131,23878949
Education and libraries, science and arts4,7236502891665,829811153
Health and personal social services3,9335222371474,838811153
Social security5,8206693892197,09582953
Other public services396483214490811073
Common services28824111633885735
Total25,2403,4341,6081,16831,450801154
£ per head*

As a percentage of United Kingdom identifiable expenditure per head

Agriculture, fisheries, food and forestry193529652286154131290
Trade, Industry, energy and employment204839942578187152371
Government lending to nationalised industries†1115739129312454325
Roads and transport33413432349712310195
Housing77956356771011128273
Other environmental services36474732389612512585
Law, order and protective services2121177322959478332
Education and libraries, science and arts10212510510810498120101103
Health and personal social services851008695879811699110
Social security12512814114112799101111112
Other public services99129997103132102
Common services6541061027564166
Total54465858375556297117104134

1975–76
£ million

As a percentage of United Kingdom identifiable expenditure

England

Scotland

Wales

Northern Ireland

United Kingdom

England

Scotland

Wales

Northern Ireland

Agriculture, fisheries, food and forestry1,091193851031,472741367
Trade, Industry, energy and employment1,2553861441981,9836319710
Government lending to nationalised industries†5536210038754738135
Roads and transport1,793260122662,241801253
Housing3,7175371941154,563811243
Other environmental services2,145340157772,719791263
Law, order and protective services1,285149661511,65178949
Education and libraries, science and arts5,9858063692287,389811153
Health and personal social services5,2197073202066,452811153
Social security7,9519005222899,66382953
Other public services570658919743779123
Common services40935161547586733
Total31,9754,4402,1841,50640,105801154
£ per head*

As a percentage of United Kingdom identifiable expenditure per head

Agriculture, fisheries, food and forestry243731672689141117255
Trade, Industry, energy and employment2774521293576209147362
Government lending to nationalised industries†12123625138889267184
Roads and transport395044434097125110106
Housing80103707582981268692
Other environmental services466557504995134117103
Law, order and protective services2829249830949781333
Education and libraries, science and arts12915513414813298117101112
Health and personal social services11313611613411597118100116
Social security17117318918817399100109109
Other public services1213321213929524192
Common services9761081047867120
Total68985378998071796119110137

1976–77
£ million

As a percentage of United Kingdom identifiable expenditure

England

Scotland

Wales

Northern Ireland

United Kingdom

England

Scotland

Ireland

Northern Kingdom

Agriculture, fisheries, food and forestry673184741181,0496418711
Trade, Industry, energy and employment1,5134431811752,311651988
Government lending to nationalised industries†-14118552-3........
Roads and transport1,816285146742,321781263
Housing4,1025472091765,035811143
Other environmental services2,194350158792,781791363
Law, order and protective services1,483168741711,89678949
Education and libraries, science and arts6,7579064192628,344811153
Health and personal social services5,9487963602407,344811153
Social security9,3891,10063834711,473821063
Other public services65173782282479993
Common services45537201152487742
Total34,8404,8902,4421,72743,899791164
£ per head*

As a percentage of United Kingdom identifiable expenditure per head

Agriculture, fisheries, food and forestry153527761977188142406
Trade, Industry, energy and employment3385651144179205157275
Government lending to nationalised industries†-33134........
Roads and transport395553484294132127115
Housing8810576114909811784127
Other environmental services476757515095135115103
Law, order and protective services32322711134949679328
Education and libraries, science and arts14617415117014998117101114
Health and personal social services1281531301561319811699119
Social security20221123022620599103112110
Other public services1414281415959519098
Common services107779104777779
Total7519408821,23278696120112143

1977–78
£ million

As a percentage of United Kingdom identifiable expenditure

England

Scotland

Wales

Northern Ireland

United Kingdom

England

Scotland

Wales

Northern Ireland

Agriculture, fisheries, food and forestry574168781419606017815
Trade, Industry, energy and employment1,2453542201982,01862181110
Government lending to nationalised industries†6551160293052117529
Roads and transport1,729307143872,266761464
Housing3,9295721911714,863811244
Other environmental services2,340344166872,937801263
Law, order and protective services1,583177771792,01679949
Education and libraries, science and arts7,0849684402988,790811153
Health and personal social services6,5458904052708,109811153
Social security11,2171,32378542413,749821063
Other public services703875823871811073
Common services4403725450787751
Total37,4555,2782,7481,91147,392791164
£ per head*

As a percentage of United Kingdom identifiable expenditure per head

England

Scotland

Wales

Northern Ireland

United Kingdom

England

Scotland

Wales

Northern Ireland

Agriculture, fisheries, food and forestry123228921772188164533
Trade, Industry, energy and employment2768791293675189220358
Government lending to nationalised industries†11058195........
Roads and transport375952574192146127140
Housing8511069111879712679128
Other environmental services506660575396126114108
Law, order and protective services34342811736959477323
Education and libraries, science and arts15318615919415797118101123
Health and personal social services14117114617514597118101121
Social security24225528427624698103115112
Other public services15172115169710713594
Common services979391047910032
Total8081,0169931,24384995120117147

1978–79
£ million

As a percentage of United Kingdom identifiable expenditure

England

Scotland

Wales

Northern Ireland

United Kingdom

England

Scotland

Wales

Northern Ireland

Agriculture, fisheries, food and forestry519166601468905819716
Trade, Industry, energy and employment1,5483872512462,43264161010
Government lending to nationalised industries†681193352073354517
Roads and transport1,9023371611042,503761364
Housing4,2156182001895,222811244
Other environmental services2,689394153973,333811253
Law, order and protective services1,842205892072,34379949
Education and libraries, science and arts7,7701,0614883449,664801154
Health and personal social services7,4831,0284683169,295811153
Social security13,3301,54493452116,33082963
Other public services743956325926801073
Common services47145251855984853
Total42,5795,8922,9862,24753,804791164

1978–79
£ per head*

As a percentage of United Kingdom identifiable expenditure per head

England

Scotland

Wales

Northern Ireland

United Kingdom

England

Scotland

Wales

Northern Ireland

Agriculture, fisheries, food and forestry113222951670201136595
Trade, Industry, energy and employment3375911604477172208368
Government lending to nationalised industries†1234234........
Roads and transport416558674593145130150
Housing9111972123949712877131
Other environmental services58765563609712792106
Law, order and protective services40403213542959476321
Education and libraries, science and arts16820517622317397118102129
Health and personal social services16119916920516697119102123
Social security28829833733929298102115116
Other public services16182316179611113899
Common services109912101008792116
Total9191,1381,0791,46096296118112152
Figures are independently rounded and may not sum to totals.

* Population estimates used in calculating figures of expenditure per head (thousands):

England

Scotland

Wales

Northern Ireland

United Kingdom

1974–7546,4005,2172,7591,54755,922
1975–7646,3915,2062,7661,53755,900
1976–7746,3745,2052,7691,53855,886
1977–7846,3515,1962,7681,53755,852
1978–7946,3495,1792,7681,53955,836
† Government lending to nationalised industries is allocated to country, industry by industry, pro rata to the industries identifiable to investment. It is not meaningful to express the 1976–77 figures as percentages of the very small United Kingdom figure.

asked the Chancellor of the Exchequer, pursuant to his answer of 15 November, what particular economic developments he was referring to in his assessment of their impact on nationalised industries' shortfall.

asked the Chancellor of the Exchequer how much of the planned £3·5 billion reduction in public expenditure will be accounted for by the reduction in the purchase of goods and services from the private sector; and how this will be distributed between the various industries.

Cmnd. 7746 indicated the Government's intention to stabilise public spending for the time being. There is no planned reduction in total public expenditure. It is not for me to speculate on what additional orders various industries might have gained if the unrealistic plans of the previous Government were implemented.