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Pensions (Payment Abroad)

Volume 982: debated on Monday 31 March 1980

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asked the Secretary of State for Social Services when he anticipates announcing the outcome of his discussions with the Canadian Government on the possibility of a social security arrangement to make possible the payment of United Kingdom retirement pensions to former United Kingdom residents now living in Canada and qualified to receive such retirement pensions.

United Kingdom retirement pensions are already payable to former United Kingdom residents now living in Canada and qualified to receive such pensions. They are, however, held at the rates payable on departure from the United Kingdom or when entitlement first arises, if later.Any reciprocal agreement aimed at raising such pensions to the rates currently payable in the United Kingdom would require additional United Kingdom expenditure of over £14 million a year. No financial provision for this amount can be made in view of the present need to contain public expenditure.

asked the Secretary of State for Social Services whether he is able to give an estimate of the extra annual cost of paying retirement and widow's pension at the current rate to former United Kingdom residents living abroad who currently receive the rate payable when they left the United Kingdom or when they first became entitled when living abroad.

asked the Secretary of State for Social Services whether he will list by

CountryRetirement pensions in payment at 31 December 1979Widows pensions in payment at 31 December 1979
Albania2
Algeria1
Andorra392
Antigua541
Argentina1009
Australia63,1153,393
Bahamas685
Bahrein104
Bangladesh (see footnote)15858
Barbados29517
Belize71
Bolivia3
Botswana151
Brazil1089
Brunei71
Bulgaria6
Burma41
Cameroon2
Canada25,9901,440
Cayman Islands192
Chile262
China3
Colombia131
Cook Islands31
Costa Rica2
Czechoslovakia211
Dominica, Commonwealth of1073
Dominican Republic13
East Germany91
Ecuador5
Egypt18
El Salvador1
Ethiopia3
Falkland Islands and Dependencies8
Fiji113
Finland85
Gabon1
Gambia51
Ghana233
Gilbert Islands1
Greece30158
Grenada11012
Guadelupe (includes French Guiana, Martinique and Reunion Island)3
Guatemala3
Guyana947
Hong Kong13227
Hungary936
Iceland52
India (see footnote)29669
Indonesia51
Iran21
Iraq2
Ivory Coast3

country the number of former United Kingdom residents entitled to retirement and widow's pensions which are still paid at the rate prevailing when they left the United Kingdom or when they first became entitled when living abroad.

The information requested for Great Britain is given in the table below. I regret that corresponding details of Northern Ireland pensioners living outside the United Kingdom, totalling about 2,900, are not available.

Country

Retirement pensions in payment at 31 December 1979

Widows pensions in payment at 31 December 1979

Japan239
Jordan4
Kenya22519
Kuwait32
Lebanon152
Lesotho5
Liberia8
Libyan Arab Republic33
Macao1
Malawi336
Malaya293
Mauritius372
Mexico375
Monaco1235
Montserrat1173
Morocco364
Mozambique1
Nepal6
Netherlands Antilles32
New Zealand17,766669
Nigeria6122
Norfolk Island191
Norway4212
Oman4
Pakistan (see footnote)347530
Panama21
Papua New Guinea192
Paraguay1
People's Democratic Republic of Yemen112
Peru212
Philippines10
Poland2,53272
Puerto Rico2
Qatar22
Rhodesia2,468182
Romania171
Sabah1
St. Helena and Dependencies21
St. Kits-Nevis-Anguilla1324
St. Lucia1186
St. Vincent1004
Sarawak2
Saudi Arabia1421
Senegal12
Seychelles221
Sharjah
Sierra Leone273
Singapore373
Solomon Islands4
Somalia8111
South Africa9,083515
South Korea3
South West Africa or Namibia132
Sri Lanka635
Sudan51
Swaziland201
Sweden386
Syria1
Taiwan4
Tanzania292
Thailand24
Tonga1
Trinidad and Tobago14714
Tunisia91
Tuvalu1
Uganda13
United Arab Emirates54
USSR50451
Uruguay10
Venezuela223

Country

Retirement pensions in payment at 31 December 1979

Widows pensions in payment at 31 December 1979

Virgin Islands (British)131
Western Samoa3
Yemen Arab Republic608
Zaire11
Zambia638
Totals (see footnote)126,0807,388

Note: There are an additional 4,200 pensions payable to pensioners in Bangladesh, India and Pakistan which are not included in the figures above.

asked the Secretary of State for Social Services whether he will list in the Official Report the countries with whom the United Kingdom has special arrangements for the payment of retirement and widow's pensions to former United Kingdom residents entitled to receive these, indicating in which countries the full current United Kingdom rate of benefit is payable and those where some lesser amount is paid.

The information requested is as follows:

(a) Countries in which United Kingdom retirement and widows' pensions are paid at the rates current in the United Kingdom:
Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Denmark, France, Federal Republic of Germany, Gibraltar, Guernsey, Irish Republic, Isle of Man, Israel, Italy, Jersey, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Sark, Spain, Switzerland, Turkey, Yugoslavia.
(b) Countries in which some United Kingdom retirement and widows pensions are paid at rates lower than the rates current in the United Kingdom:
Bermuda, Jamaica, Portugal, United States of America.

asked the Secretary of State for Social Services how long United Kingdom nationals who have retired to live in other member States of the European Economic Community have received pension upratings on the same basis as British pensioners living in Great Britain and Northern Ireland; under what arrangements, bilateral or European Economic Community, these upratings are paid; in which other countries United Kingdom nationals in receipt of United Kingdom pensions may also receive United Kingdom upratings; and whether there are any negotiations in hand, and with what countries, which may result in similar arrangements regarding upratings applying where at the moment they do not.

United Kingdom pensioners in other member States of the European Community have been able to receive payment on the same basis as pensioners in the United Kingdom since 1 April 1973 under Community regulations. Broadly similar arrangements existed prior to that date, under bilateral agreements, for pensioners in all those countries except Denmark, from the dates listed below:

Country of residenceDate from which arrangements applied
Belgium1 June 1958
Fiance1 May 1958
Germany1 August 1961
Irish Republic4 April 1966
Italy1 May 1953
Luxembourg1 April 1955
Netherlands1 June 1955
The Community regulations will apply to Greece, with whom there is no bilateral agreement, with effect from 1 January 1981.United Kingdom pensioners may also receive United Kingdom upratings in Austria, Bermuda, Cyprus, Gibraltar, Guernsey, the Isle of Man, Israel, Jamaica, Jersey, Malta, Portugal, Sark, Spain, Switzerland, Turkey, the United States of America and Yugoslavia. An agreement with Finland has been signed, but not yet ratified, which will permit United Kingdom upratings to pensioners in that country.Discussions about possible reciprocity on social security, which could include the payment of United Kingdom uprating increases to United Kingdom pensioners in those countries, are being held or are likely to take place soon with Barbados, Iceland, Mauritius, Norway and Sweden.