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Written Answers

Volume 982: debated on Tuesday 1 April 1980

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Written Answers To Questions

Tuesday 1 April 1980

Education And Science

Overseas Students (Fees)

asked the Secretary of State for Education and Science if he will now make a statement about the fee arrangements for students from European Economic Community countries.

It is intended that from 1 September 1980 students from other countries of the European Community shall pay fees at the level charged to home students. In 1978–79 there were nearly 3,000 students from these countries studying in the United Kingdom educational establishments. It is estimated that if the same number of students were on courses in 1980–81 it would cost about £2 million extra in the financial year 1980–81 rising to £5 million by 1983–84. In the case of maintained institutions allowance was made for an appropriate share of this in the RSG settlement announced on 16 November 1979. Similar allowance was made in the Estimates for university expenditure presented to Parliament on 26 March 1980 and an appropriate adjustment to the grants announced on 27 March will be made. Full details of the operation of this scheme will be sent to educational establishments shortly.

asked the Secretary of State for Education and Science if he will set out in the Official Report the definition of a new "course" for the purposes of charging full cost fees to existing overseas students; and whether any flexibility will be allowed in the case of foundation and other courses with organic links to subsequent ones.

A course for this purpose would be a period of organised study complete in itself so that the student may leave on completion without necessarily going on to another.

asked the Secretary of State for Education and Science if he will set out in the Official Report those European Economic Community ferring to other items of non-institutional directives, regulations and other ordin- ances, on which he is basing his new rules about the fee arrangements for European Economic Community students.

Apart from article 12 of EC Regulation 1612/68 concerning the children of migrant workers, there are as yet no Community directives, regulations or other ordinances relevant to tuition fee arrangements.

asked the Secretary of State for Education and Science how many of his recently announced new postgraduate bursaries for overseas students of high academic potential will be awarded in polytechnics.

I refer the hon. Member to my answer on 22 January to the hon. Member for Bedwellty (Mr. Kinnock).—[Vol. 977, c. 112.]

Expenditure (Leicestershire)

asked the Secretary of State for Education and Science what representations he has received from Leicestershire regarding the effects of cuts in education expenditure; and how many were for and how many against his policies.

Of the 33 letters I have received from organisations and individuals in Leicestershire, two expressed support for the Government's expenditure policies and the remainder were opposed to them.

Local Education Authorities (Non-Educational Expenditure)

asked the Secretary of State for Education and Science, how much of the educational budget of local education authorities goes on non-educational expenditure, including (a) school transport, (b) school meals and (c) other items.

In 1978–79 the figures for England and Wales were, in round figures, 2 per cent. on school transport, 6 per cent. on school meals and milk, and 7 per cent. on other items of non-educational expenditure, these being taken for the purpose of this question as re-expenditure.

Microelectronics

asked the Secretary of State for Education and Science (1) pursuant to his reply to the hon. Member for Wolverhampton, North-East on 17 March, if he will list in the Official Report those universities, polytechnics and colleges of higher education currently running initial and in-service training courses for teachers which deal with aspects of microelectronics; what aspects are dealt with in each case; and if he will give more details of the subjects and courses covered;(2) if he will list in the

Official Report those in-service courses for teachers which are organised by Her Majesty's Inspectors, and those programmes which have been arranged regionally with support from his Department, dealing with aspects

Course

Planned number of places

Applications to date

The use of microcomputers in schools6042
Recent developments in the teaching of sixth form physics3041
School science and microelectronics6056
Technology in school science—ways and means606
Developments in Business Education*120132
Course for teachers of computer operations*30–4025
The role of computers in management education*405

*Intended primarily for teachers in further education establishments.

The following regional courses have been organised with support from my

Location

Course

Planned number of places

Number of teachers attending

University of WarwickThe use of programmable calculators and micro-computers in science training1620
University of LeicesterMicrocomputers in secondary schools3030
University of SouthamptonThe educational implications of microprocessors2540
University of DurhamComputer education2526
University of NewcastleMicroelectronics in education6041

In the previous year two regional courses were attended by a total of 142 teachers. Information about regional courses proposed for the academic year 1980–81 is not yet available.

Student Unions

asked the Secretary of State for Education and Science when he proposes to announce his proposed changes in the financing of student unions.

I refer the hon. Member to the statement my right hon. and learned Friend made in a written reply to my

of microelectronics; and what further courses are planned and where;

(3) how many places there are in initial and in-service training courses for teachers dealing with aspects of microelectronics; how many there were in each of the preceding three years; how many applications have been made by teachers to go on these courses in the years concerned; and how many applications have been received so far in the current year.

My right hon. and learned Friend does not control the content of teacher training courses and detailed information is not collected centrally about the constituent elements of initial and in-service courses at individual institutions. In the programme organised by Her Majesty's Inspectorate the following short courses planned for 1980 will deal with aspects of microelectronics:Department in 1979–80:hon. Friend the Member for Wokingham (Mr. van Straubenzee) on 5 February.—[Vol. 978 c.

139.]

Employment

Health And Safety At Work

asked the Secretary of State for Employment (1) if he will take steps to prevent a decline in health and safety standards at work following cutbacks in financial support for the Health and Safety Executive; and if he will make a statement;(2) what steps he has taken to ensure that the Health and Safety Inspectorate's emphasis on inspecting larger companies will not lead to neglect of the safety requirements in smaller companies; and if he will make a statement.

Job Centre (Bootle)

55.

asked the Secretary of State for Employment if he will visit the Bootle jobcentre.

Unemployed Persons

asked the Secretary of State for Employment, further to his reply dated 19 February on the level of unemployment in 1980–81, what is his assessment of the means by which an increase in productivity could lead to a reduction in unemployment.

Increased productivity would help to make United Kingdom goods more competitive in home and overseas markets, so attracting orders and leading to an expansion of output and employment.

Training Opportunity Programme Courses

asked the Secretary of State for Employment if he will make a statement about the contribution to employability made by preparatory training opportunity programme courses.

I am informed by the MSC that TOPS preparatory courses, which are intended to supplement the provision made by the education service for adult basic education, are designed to meet the needs of unemployed adults who need language, literacy or numeracy skills to assist their search for employment or further training. These courses make a valuable contribution to improving the employment prospects of those who can benefit from this.

asked the Secretary of State for Employment if he will publish the planned reduction in the number of preparatory training opportunity programmes training places in each region of the United Kingdom and the total.

May Bank Holiday

asked the Secretary of State for Employment whether, in order to dissociate the United Kingdom from May Day celebrations, and to strengthen national unity, he will ensure that the bank holiday on the Monday immediately following 1 May is designated in official documents as United Kingdom Day.

South Crofty Tin Mine

asked the Secretary of State for Employment (1) what is considered the safety level for the concentration of radium emanation; and on how many occasions this level has been exceeded in the South Crofty tin mine;(2) how many workers were found to be suffering from cancer who worked at the South Crofty tin mine in 1979 and for each of the preceding three years; and the current year;(3) if he is satisfied that conditions at South Crofty tin mine are safe to work in; and if he will make a statement.

Redundancy Payments

asked the Secretary of State for Employment (1) what has been the total cost of redundancy payments in each of the last five years; what it is in the current year; and what are the estimates for 1980–81 and 1981–82;(2) what was the average amount paid to individuals in respect of redundancy payments in each of the last five years; and what it will be in the current year;(3) whether the statistics kept concerning redundancy payments show what proportion of such payments is made to people who, having left their jobs, go immediately into retirement.

Energy

National Oil Account

asked the Secretary of State for Energy whether he intends to make a further transfer of funds from the National Oil Account to the Consolidated Fund, as provided for in section 40(3) of the Petroleum and Submarine Pipelines Act 1975.

With Treasury agreement, I made a transfer yesterday of £800 million from the National Oil Account to the Consolidated Fund.

North Sea Gas

asked the Secretary of State for Energy whether he will reshape the gas distribution monopoly by making available to industrial consortia in selected areas of the United Kingdom a limited number of undeveloped gas fields in the North Sea to be linked by independently-operated trunk and distribution systems.

The possible supply to any such consortium of gas from an undeveloped gas field would be a matter for discussion between it and the holders of the relevant production licence. The Secretary of State's consent would be needed under the Energy Act to the supply.

North Sea Oil (Participation Agreements)

asked the Secretary of State for Energy if he will renegotiate participation agreements to enable companies which have become short of crude oil through the Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries policies to have greater access to their own oil which is currently being made available up to a substantial percentage to the British National Oil Corporation.

I refer my hon. Friend to the reply I gave him on 24 January 1980.—[Vol. 977, c. 325–26.]

Household Fuel Costs

asked the Secretary of State for Energy what is the estimated percentage of the expenditure of households on fuel, light and power; and how this compares with five years ago.

Information on average household expenditure on various items is published annually in the "Family Expenditure Survey" report by the Department of Employment. The latest report relates to 1978 and shows that the average domestic expenditure on fuel, light and power accounted for 5·9 per cent. of the total average household expenditure in the United Kingdom. The corresponding figure for 1973 was 5·5 per cent.

Coal Mines (Derbyshire And Nottinghamshire)

asked the Secretary of State for Energy how many coal mines are planned to close in 1983 in Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire, respectively; and if he will make a statement.

Underwater Electrical Equipment

asked the Secretary of State for Energy what progress is being made in the formation of a working code of practice for the use of underwater electrical equipment.

A working party under the chairmanship of an official of my Department is currently drawing up a code. This is expected to be ready by early next year.In the meantime, my Department recommends adherence to the guidelines contained in the report "Underwater Electrical Safety—Guidance on Protection Against Shock", published last year by the Construction Industries Research and Information Association (CIRIA).My Department co-operated in the preparation of this report and fully endorses its recommendations.

Prime Minister (Engagements)

Q4.

asked the Prime Minister if she will list her official engagements for Tuesday 1 April.

Q6.

asked the Prime Minister if she will list her official engagements for Tuesday 1 April.

Q7.

asked the Prime Minister if she will list her official engagements for 1 April.

Q8.

asked the Prime Minister if she will list her official engagements for 1 April.

Q9.

asked the Prime Minister if she will list her official engagements for 1 April.

Q10.

asked the Prime Minister if she will list her official engagements for 1 April.

Q11.

asked the Prime Minister if she will list her official engagements for Tuesday 1 April.

Q12.

asked the Prime Minister if she will list her official engagements for 1 April.

Q13.

asked the Prime Minister if she will list her official engagements for Tuesday 1 April.

Q14.

asked the Prime Minister if she will list her official engagements for 1 April.

Q15.

asked the Prime Minister if she will list her official engagements for Tuesday 1 April.

Q16.

asked the Prime Minister if she will list her official engagements for Tuesday 1 April.

Q17.

asked the Prime Minister if she will state her official engagements for Tuesday 1 April.

Q19.

asked the Prime Minister if she will list her official engagements for 1 April.

Q20.

asked the Prime Minister if she will list her official engagements for 1 April.

Q21.

asked the Prime Minister if she will list her official engagements for Tuesday 1 April.

Q22.

asked the Prime Minister if she will state her public engagements for 1 April.

Q24.

asked the Prime Minister if she will list her official engagements for Tuesday 1 April.

Q25.

asked the Prime Minister whether she will list her official engagements for 1 April.

Q27.

asked the Prime Minister if she will list her official engagements for Tuesday 1 April.

Q29.

asked the Prime Minister if she will list her official engagements for Tuesday 1 April.

Q30.

asked the Prime Minister if she will list her official engagements for Tuesday 1 April.

Q32.

asked the Prime Minister if she will list her official engagements for Tuesday 1 April.

Q33.

asked the Prime Minister if she will list her official engagements for Tuesday 1 April.

Q34.

asked the Prime Minister if she will list her official engagements for 1 April.

Q35.

asked the Prime Minister if she will list her official engagements for Tuesday 1 April.

Q38.

asked the Prime Minister if she will list her official engagements for 1 April.

Q39.

asked the Prime Minister if she will list her official engagements for 1 April.

Q40.

asked the Prime Minister if she will list her official engagements for Tuesday 1 April.

Q42.

asked the Prime Minister if she will list her official engagements for 1 April.

Q45.

asked the Prime Minister if she will list her official engagements for 1 April.

Q47.

asked the Prime Minister if she will list her official engagements for 1 April.

asked the Prime Minister if she will list her official engagements for Tuesday 1 April.

I refer my hon. Friends and the hon. Members to the reply which I gave earlier today to the hon. Member for Caernarvon (Mr. Wigley.)

Advanced Passenger Train

Q5.

asked the Prime Minister what proposals have been received by Her Majesty's Government for investment in the advanced passenger train.

The construction of the prototype advanced passenger train was approved in 1974. I understand that the Railways Board expects to submit proposals soon for the construction of a fleet of APTs.

Tuc

Q18.

asked the Prime Minister when she next expects to meet the Trades Union Congress.

Q41.

asked the Prime Minister when next she expects to meet the general council of the Trades Union Congress.

Confederation Of British Wool Textiles

Q26.

asked the Prime Minister what consideration she has given to the memorandum submitted to her by the Confederation of British Wool Textiles; and if she will make a statement amplifying her views on the subject matter therein.

The Government have given very serious consideration to the problems of the wool textile industry. I fully understand these problems, and have great sympathy with the wool tex- tile industry in its present difficulties. However, I do not believe that the industry's proposals for more extensive controls on imports would help solve our economic difficulties.

Poverty Trap

Q46.

asked the Prime Minister whether she is satisfied with the co-ordination between the Department of Education and Science and the Department of Health and Social Security in relation to Government administrative measures to reduce the poverty trap.

Yes: the two Departments are in close touch about these matters.

European Community (Heads Of Government Meeting)

Q44.

asked the Prime Minister if she will make a statement concerning the European Economic Community Heads of Government meeting.

The Italian Presidency is seeking agreement on new dates for the postponed European Council. I am pressing for it to be held as soon as possible and expect an announcement shortly. I shall report the outcome to the House on my return.

Overseas Students

Q48.

asked the Prime Minister if she is satisfied with the co-ordination between the Department of Education and Science, the Overseas Development Administration and the Home Office over arrangements for overseas students.

Channel Tunnel

asked the Prime Minister whether the Government's decision to approve the Channel tunnel is intended to pave the way at the next European Economic Community summit for including a European Economic Community contribution as an offset to the £1·3 billion which is owed to the United Kingdom by the European Economic Community in 1980; if so, whether she estimates that the net benefit to the United Kingdom of such a tunnel would be greater than the United Kingdom's normal contribution; and, if so, by how much.

There has been no decision to approve a Channel tunnel, but my right hon. Friend the Minister for Transport has said that he will consider commercially sound proposals financed by private risk capital. His announcement had no connection with the issue of our contribution to the Community budget.

Nuclear Power Stations (Torness And Heysham)

asked the Prime Minister if she will make a statement on the recommendations by the Central Policy Review Staff regarding the advanced gas cooled reactor power station orders for Torness and Heysham.

The recommendations are being considered and an announcement will be made as soon as possible.

Northern Ireland Constitutional Conference

asked the Prime Minister if it is the policy of Her Majesty's Government that the results of the Northern Ireland constitutional conference should be considered by an Ulster committee consisting of the Secretaries of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, Defence, the Home Department and Northern Ireland and the Lord Chancellor; and what form that Committee will take.

The Government are now considering the progress made by the conference. As to whether this consideration is being undertaken by an Ulster committee, I refer the hon. Member to the reply I gave to the hon. Member for Newcastle-upon-Tyne, East (Mr. Thomas) on 24 May 1979 concerning the Government's policy on the release of information regarding Cabinet committees.

Trade

Manufactured Goods

asked the Secretary of State for Trade what is his estimate for the United Kingdom and Italian shares of world trade in manufactures in 1979; and if he has made an estimate of when he expects the Italian share to overtake the United Kingdom share.

Shares in world trade in manufactures are normally measured in terms of the value share of main manufacturing countries' exports of manufactured goods. These countries account for about three-quarters of world exports of manufactures. On this basis, latest estimates, relating to the first three quarters of 1979, show figures of 9½ per cent. and 8 per cent. for the United Kingdom and Italy, respectively. My Department does not make forecasts of this type of information.

Machinery Exports

asked the Secretary of State for Trade whether he will publish in the Official Report a table showing for exports of machinery, the volume and unit value in 1970 and 1979,

UNITED KINGDOM EXPORTS OF MACHINERY*
1975=100OTS basis
Volume IndicesUnit Value Indices
ConsumerIntermediateCapitalConsumerIntermediateCapital
1970757076515351
197910410495164180174
* SITC (R2) Divisions 71 to 77

Home Safety

asked the Secretary of State for Trade, in view of the fact that more deaths and injuries arise from accidents in the home than on the roads, whether he will make home safety a mandatory function for local authorities.

I do not intend, at present, to introduce legislation to extend the enabling provisions, created by the Home Safety Act 1961 as amended, for the promotion of home safety activities, but we do carefully monitor home accident statistics through our home accident surveillance scheme and act where appropriate using the powers of the Consumer Safety Act 1978.

Doors (Unstrengthened Glass)

asked the Secretary of State for Trade what is his estimate of the number of accidents to children caused by breaking unstrengthened glass in doors each year; if he will take steps to reduce the annual toll of death and injury from this cause; and if he will make a statement.

From data derived from the home accident surveillance system it is estimated that accidents in the home involving architectural glass lead to about 25,000 persons being treated in hospital accident and emergency departments each year. About half of these accidents are caused by glass in doors and just over half of these occur on the same basis as shown for imports n tables C14 and C21 of the February issue of the Monthly Review of External Trade Statistics.

The information is as follows:to children. The data do not indicate the type of glass involved.The practicability of taking steps to reduce the number of these accidents is primarily a matter for my right hon. Friend, the Secretary of State for the Environment. I am concerned only with the safety of made-up doors and so on for "do-it-yourself" and replacement purposes and am keeping under review the possible need for action in this connection, taking into account current work on the revision of the British Standards Institution's code of practice on "Glazing for Buildings".

Volume And Terms Of Trade

asked the Secretary of State for Trade (1) whether he will circulate in the Official Report a table showing (a) for the second half of 1973 and (b) the second half of 1979, the relative volume and terms of trade for the items shown in table D2 of the February issue of the Monthly Review of External Trade Statistics;(2) whether he will publish in the

Official Report a table showing ( a) for the fourth quarter of 1976 and ( b) for the fourth quarter of 1979 the relative volume and terms of trade for the items in table D2 of the February issue of the Monthly Review of External Trade Statistics.

Information for the fourth quarter of 1979 is given in the Monthly Review referred to in the questions. The remaining information is as follows:

RELATIVE VOLUME* AND TERMS OF TRADE† BY MAJOR COMMODITY GROUPS

1975=100 OTS basis seasonally adjusted

Total

Food, beverages and tobacco

Fuels

Basic materials SITC (R2)

Manufactures

Semi-manufactures

Finished manufactures

0to9

0+1

3

2+4

5 to 8

5+6

7+8

Relative volume

Second half 197389·49193809610789
Second half 197999·1124373119779665
Fourth quarter 1976103·69814210810010994

Terms of trade

Second half 1973100·799123105929093
Second half 1979106·6111120112106100111
Fourth quarter 197697·21049798969796

* Export volume index as a percentage of import volume index.

† Export unit value index as a percentage of import unit value index.
‡ Not seasonally adjusted.

European Community Commission (Anti-Dumping Cases)

asked the Secretary of State for Trade what is the balance of trade in textile goods between the United Kingdom and other countries in total, including EEC States, for 1979 and January and February 1980.

[pursuant to his reply, 25 March 1980, c. 543]: The United Kingdom had a crude deficit—exports fob less imports cif—on trade in textile goods* of £658 million in 1979 and £131 million in January-February 1980.

* SITC (R2) Division 65, groups 266, 267, 268 part, 842 to 847.

Civil Service

Pensions

asked the Minister for the Civil Service whether he will review the indexing of the retirement pensions of the top paid civil servants to ensure that when these receive, with their indexed pensions and other earnings, incomes in excess of that received by the successors to their retired appointments, the civil servants retirement pension will be reduced to ensure that the total income received is not more than that which he would have received had he continued to occupy his former Civil Service position.

Where a retired public servant is re-employed in his former ser-

LocationNumber of postsDepartment
Birmingham
Bradford170Inland Revenue
Bristol1,014)Department of Environment/Transport
6)Inland Revenue
Coventry
Derby
Leicester
Liverpool (including Bootle)30Inland Revenue
Manchester248Inland Revenue
Newcastle354Department of Health and Social Security
Southampton
My hon. Friend will recall that in answer to a question he asked on 20 December 1979—[Vol. 976, c. 306]—I announced the dispersal of a further 1,250 posts to Bootle, and the intention to vice, or is appointed to a public board or office, his pension or salary at the time of appointment is, if necessary, abated so that total remuneration from public funds does not exceed his annual rate of salary at the time of retirement—or the salary of the new post if that is greater. Subsequent pay and pensions increases are applied only to the residual amounts in payment. It would not be practicable to extend these arrangements to those who are re-employed in a different public service after retirement, nor would it be appropriate to abate the pensions of those whose appointment after retirement makes no additional call on public funds.

Civil Servants (Relocation)

asked the Minister for the Civil Service if he will list in the Official Report the relocation of civil servants into the core city areas in the last five years, showing which Department was so located; and how many civil servants were relocated in Liverpool, Manchester, Bristol, Birmingham, Coventry, Newcastle, Bradford, Leicester, Derby and Southampton, together with their former location.

Information about the relocation of civil servants for management reasons is not held centrally and could not be obtained without incurring disproportionate costs. The table below shows the numbers of posts dispersed to the places listed by my hon. Friend since 1 April 1975. All these posts were formerly located in London.locate there a number of short-term posts in the Office of Population Censuses and Surveys (in connection with the 1981 census).

Exchequer And Audit Department

asked the Minister for the Civil Service what were the degree subjects of graduate entrants to the

Number of Degree Holders
Subject197719781979Totals
Economics951327
History331218
Mathematics22711
Natural Sciences17210
Languages1258
Geography0336
Biology2136
Social Sciences0145
Business Studies3104
English0044
Chemistry2114
Physics2024
Engineering1023
Psychology0123
Law1023
Classics1023
Philosophy2013
Administration0022
Theology0022
Combined Studies2002
Botany1102
Physiology/Zoology1012
American Studies1012
Politics1012
Archaeology0112
Statistics1001
Music0011
Astro-physics0011
Totals372975141

Social Services

Pregnancy Advisory Service (Advertisements)

56.

asked the Secretary of State for Social Services if he will make a statement on his decision to order the Pregnancy Advisory Service to withdraw its advertisements from the London Underground.

I refer the hon. Member to my reply to the hon. Member for Wolverhampton, North-East (Mrs. Short) on 24 March.—[Vol. 981, c. 433–34.]

Benefit Recipients

asked the Secretary of State for Social Services what is the number of males in Dundee and Scotland receiving unemployment benefit and/or supplementary benefit who are (a) single, (b) married with no children, (c) married with one child, (d) married with two children, (e) married with three children and (f) married with more than three children.

Exchequer and Audit Department in each of the past three years.

I regret that such information is not available on a local basis, nor is such information relating to unemployment benefit beneficiaries available for Scotland.The following information relating to Scotland is, however, available for unemployed males receiving supplementary benefit in November 1978:

  • (a) 32,000
  • (b) 6,000
  • (c) 6,000
  • (d) 7,000
  • (e) 5,000
  • (f) 5,000
  • Note: Figures (c) to (f) include a small number of single claimants with children.

    Benefits (Publicity)

    asked the Secretary of State for Social Services how much his Department has spent in the last 12 months on publicity for major social security benefits in (a) the national press, (b) the provincial press, (c) television, (d) radio and (e) elsewhere.

    A total of £445,800 has been spent on publicity for major benefits. National press advertising accounts for £293,500, including expenditure in Scottish-based newspapers; television for £157,000; and radio for £200. Miscellaneous publicity costs, including posters, accounts for the remaining £5,100. These costs do not include expenditure on leaflets because of the difficulty in differentiating between "publicity" and "information".

    Carcinoma Causes

    asked the Secretary of State for Social Services what research has been carried out by his Department into a possible connection between fluorescent lighting and carcinoma; and if he will make a statement.

    The main Government-funded body supporting research into cancer is the Medical Research Council from funds provided by the Department of Education and Science and the Health Departments. Government funds also support research at the Universities and hospital medical schools.I am not aware of any research which has been or is being undertaken into a possible contention between fluorescent lighting and carcinoma in animals or man; nor am I aware of sufficient evidence of such a connection to ask that research be initiated.If my hon. Friend has any information on this I should be glad to know of it.

    Radiographers (Radiation Hazard)

    asked the Secretary of State for Social Services if, since long standing working in the ionised atmosphere of low-dose radiation has not been proven to be free of long-term potential hazards, he will undertake further investigations and discussions before implementing the recent Clegg report that recommends that radiographers work an extra two and a half hours in order to obtain a salary increase.

    The radiological protection of radiographers, as for all other radiation workers in the health field, is governed by the code of practice for the protection of persons exposed to ionising radiations arising from medical and dental use, which is based on the recommen- dations of the International Commission on Radiological Protection. There is no evidence to suggest that radiographers who work normally and in accordance with this code are at any long-term health risk. The change in hours recommended by the Clegg standing commission would not affect the issue in any material way. The question of implementation is still under consideration by the Professional and Technical "A" Whitley Council.

    Radiotherapy Units

    asked the Secretary of State for Social Services, in view of the fact that in London and the home counties 24 radiotherapy units serve a population of roughly 12 million, if he will take action to remedy this over-provision as against other regions which are seriously underfunded after some years of attempted redistribution of resources; and if he will make a statement.

    The provision of radiotherapy units to meet the needs of the people in their areas is the responsibility of the relevant health authorities. General guidance on the subject has been issued by the Department. A recent report by a study group of the London health planning consortium on radiotherapy and oncology services in the four Thames regions has proposed that they should be provided by a smaller number of larger centres. The report will be considered by the consortium following current consultation. Redistribution of overall resources between regional health authorities is carried out by reference to relative need assessed in accordance with the recommendations of the resource allocation working party.

    Women's Aid Refuges

    asked the Secretary of State for Social Services, in view of the fact that some women's aid refuges have closed recently because of lack of local authority funding and support, if he will seek to take steps to implement the recommendations made four years ago by the Select Committee on violence in marriage.

    The previous Administration's response to the Select Committee's report was set out in Cmnd. 6690. This made it clear in paragraph 46 that the need for refuges could best be estimated locally in the light of experience in ways local resources are used. This is now a matter, at national level, for my right hon. Friend the Secretary of State for the Environment. The Department accepted the recommendation made by the Select Committee that it should fund the National Women's Aid Federation. In this financial year, £75,000 has been made available to the federation to assist in its aims to provide refuge, support and help for battered women and their children.My right hon. Friend, the Secretary of State for the Environment, is at present funding a study of the current provision, role and need for refuges.A significant number of refuges are funded under the Department of the Environment urban aid programme.

    Disabled Persons

    asked the Secretary of State for Social Services what is his policy towards withdrawal of services from a disabled person by a local authority where there has been no reduction of need.

    Services for disabled people are provided by local authorities under a number of different statutory provisions. In general, it must be for each local authority to assess priorities in the light of their statutory functions and the resources available for carrying them out and to determine the level of services accordingly.

    asked the Secretary of State for Social Services what is his policy towards withdrawal of services from a disabled person by an area health authority where there has been no reduction of need.

    The level of services provided by area health authorities on my right hon. Friend's behalf is determined both by the assessed needs in the area and by the resources available. I recognise that resources constraints and changing local priorities in needs present authorities with different decisions which can lead to some services being reduced.

    Unclaimed Benefit

    asked the Secretary of State for Social Services what is his estimate of the total amount of social security benefits which are unclaimed by people entitled to them; and if he will provide a breakdown of the amount under appropriate headings.

    Statistical estimates are available only for supplementary benefit and child benefit increase.The latest information concerning supplementary benefit is contained in chapter 12 of the report of the Supplementary Benefits Commission for 1978 (Cmnd 7725).With regard to child benefit increase, it is estimated that at the end of 1978 about £16 million a year was being left unclaimed by people who would benefit by claiming it.

    "Britain's Babies: Action To Prevent Deaths And Disabilities"

    asked the Secretary of State for Social Services what consideration he has given to the booklet "Britain's Babies: Action to Prevent Deaths and Disabilities", a copy of which has been sent to him; what action he is taking; and if he will make a statement.

    I am arranging for this booklet, published by the Children's Research Fund, to be studied in the Department.

    Teenagers In Care

    asked the Secretary of State for Social Services how many teenagers left the care of local authorities on attaining 18 years of age in 1979; and how this compares with the figures for each of the previous five years.

    The numbers of teenagers who left local authority care in England and Wales on reaching the maximum age (18 or 19 as appropriate) during the five years ending 31 March 1974 to 1978 were, to the nearest one hundred, as follows:

    19747,100
    19757,500
    19768,300
    19778,100
    19788,400
    Figures for 1979 are not yet available.

    Medicines (Child Resistant Containers)

    asked the Secretary of State for Social Services what is his estimate of the extra cost of providing child resistant containers for medicines; if he will increase the range of medicines for which child resistant containers are compulsory; and if he will make a statement.

    Prescriptions

    asked the Secretary of State for Social Services what is the average cost of a medical prescription issued under the National Health Service.

    I refer my hon. Friend to my reply to my hon. Friend the Member for Hertfordshire, South-West (Mr. Page) on 31 March 1980.

    Earnings-Related Supplement

    asked the Secretary of State for Social Services how many unemployed persons received the earnings-related supplement in each of the

    (1)(2)(3)
    Lowest ERS PayableHighest ERS PayableAverage ERS Paid
    £££
    19750·019·375·56
    19760·0110·276·48
    19770·0112·187·43
    19780·0115·428·32
    19790·0116·258·54
    19800·0117·678·80
    The figures in column 3 for the years 1975–79 are the average payments which were being made on a day in May of each year. The 1980 figure is the estimate for the financial year 1979–80.

    asked the Secretary of State for Social Services what saving will be made for each of the categories of earnings-related supplements, which in total is estimated in the White Paper through their withdrawal to produce a total saving of £130 million in 1982–83.

    The figure quoted in the White Paper is the estimated net saving at "1979 survey prices", assuming the introduction of an employer's statutory sick pay scheme in April 1982, and after taking account of increased expenditure on supplementary benefit. The extent of the latter depends on the relative rates of national insurance and supplementary benefits, and a revised estimate, taking account of the November 1980 rates which my right hon. Friend announced in his statement to the House on 27 last five years; and how many will receive it in the current year.

    The number of unemployed persons receiving earnings-related supplement on a day in May in each of the years was as follows:

    1975171,000
    1976245,000
    1977223,000
    1978204,000
    1979176,000
    *1980190,000
    * The 1980 figure is the estimate for the financial year 1979–80.

    asked the Secretary of State for Social Services what were the highest, lowest and average amounts of earnings-related supplements paid to the unemployed in the last five years and the estimate for the current year.

    The information requested is as follows:March—[Vol. 981, c. 1658–78]—is given in the financial memorandum to the Social Security (No. 2) Bill published on 28 March. The latter shows an estimated gross saving in cash terms of £360 million in 1982–83, given the current benefit structure. The earnings-related supplement in respect of each benefit within this total is:

    £ million
    Sickness Benefit185
    Injury Benefit15
    Maternity Allowance35
    Unemployment Benefit110
    Widows' Allowance15
    The gross saving would be offset by an estimated additional expenditure of £75 million on supplementary benefit.

    Detoxification Centres

    asked the Secretary of State for Social Services in view of the progress in planning a new detoxification unit in the Grampian region of Scotland, whether he will reconsider the Government's decision to opt out of the policy on detoxification centres for South-East London and the Leeds Detox.

    No. I see no reason to alter the decisions of the previous Administration on these two projects. A decision on the future policy on detoxification centres will follow the completion of the evaluation research programme now in hand.

    Area Health Authorities (Personnel)

    asked the Secretary of State for Social Services if he will list the number of personnel employed by the area health authorities in each year since they were formed; if he will list the wages and salaries paid by these authorities in each of those years; and what savings he expects to emerge by their abolition.

    [pursuant to his reply, 22 February 1980, c. 353–4]: The total number of staff employed by area health authorities—including senior medical staff employed by AHA(T)s—and the broadly matching annual total of salaries and wages, are as follows:

    Total area employees (whole time equivalents)
    30 September 1974637,000
    30 September 1975680,000
    30 September 1976705,000
    30 September 1977708,000
    30 September 1978713,000
    Total salaries and wages for NHS staff employed by AHAsmillion)
    1974–751,684
    1975–762,224
    1976–772,548
    1977–782,762
    1978–793,091
    If the proposals in "Patients First" are implemented, after transitional costs of protection, compensation and early retirement have been met, we expect to achieve a reduction of up to 10 per cent. in the cost of managing the Service. This would mean that up to £30 million a year would be available for expenditure on services for patients.

    Departmental Publications

    asked the Secretary of State for Social Services how many periodicals are produced by his Department; what is their function; how many people they employ; to whom they are distributed; and what is the total cost to public funds per annum.

    [pursuant to his reply 6 March 1980, c. 304]: I have sent my hon. Friend the information and placed a copy in the Library.

    Overseas Development

    International Development Association

    asked the Lord Privy Seal if he will report on the position regarding maintenance of value payments due in respect of the United Kingdom contributions to the first three replenishments to the resources of the International Development Association.

    The maintenance of value obligations accepted by the United Kingdom in the arrangements for the replenishments, under the authority of the Overseas Aid Act 1968 and statutory orders made under it, are being met by the deposit of non-negotiable non-interest bearing notes, additional to those originally deposited for our contributions. A deposit of a note is being made for £1,539,184·66. This sum is based on disbursements made by the association from our contributions during the period 1 January 1979 to 30 June 1979.

    Home Department

    Prison And Borstal Staff

    asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department (1) how many attacks were perpetrated upon Borstal staff in each year since 1970; and what was the punishment meted out to each offender in each case;(2) how many attacks were perpetrated upon prison officers in each year since 1970; what was the punishment meted out to each offender in each case; and what was the compensation paid to the injured officer in each case.

    Information is not available in the form requested. However, information on the number of inmates dealt with within Department establishments for offences of gross personal violence to an officer is published annually in the publication now entitled "Prison Statistics, England and Wales"—formerly "Report on the work of the Prison Department, Statistical Tables", and previously in "Report on the work of the Prison Department". Tables 9.3 and 9.6 of the volume for 1978—Cmnd. 7626—give the numbers of males and females dealt with in borstals, and tables 9.2 and 9.5 the corresponding numbers dealt with in prisons. Information for 1979 is not yet available.Information relating these offences to the punishments given is not available. Payments of compensation in appropriate cases are a matter for assessment by the Criminal Injuries Compensation Board, but the details of assessment in each individual case could be provided only at disproportionate cost.

    Borstal Hostel Schemes

    asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department what plans he has to extend the borstal hostel schemes.

    The Department is taking steps to acquire a property in the West Midlands to serve Hewell Grange borstal. A decision about the desirability of further extension of the borstal hostels scheme will be taken when we have experience of the operation of hostels serving the borstals at Hindley and Hewell Grange as well as at Hollesley Bay colony.

    asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department in what years the borstal hostel schemes started at (a) Hollesley Bay, (b) Hewell Grange, and (c) Hindley; what progress has been made with their evaluation; and when the results will be published.

    The hostel serving Hollesley Bay borstal opened in 1968 and that serving Hindley borstal in 1979; Hewell Grange borstal does not yet have one. Results of the evaluation of the Hollesley Bay hostel will be published shortly. Because of inherent limitations on the value of the research there are no plans to extend the formal evaluation to other hostels.

    Motor Cyclists (Crash Helmets)

    asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department whether he will give, for the longest and most convenient period of time, the number of persons wearing turbans stopped and questioned about failure to wear crash helmets when driving motor cycles; how many of these gave addresses in the London borough of Newham; how many were charged; what were the results; and what are the reasons for such action being taken by the police.

    The information requested is not available. The information available relates to prosecutions for offences of riding a motor cycle without protective headgear but does not distinguish the circumstances of the offence. In England and Wales, 11,942 such prosecutions were brought in 1978, 11,378 of which resulted in a finding of guilt; details of sentences given is published annually in "Offences relating to motor vehicles, England and Wales"—table 4, page 36, of the volume for 1978, Cmnd. 7687. 488 of these prosecutions, including 469 which led to a finding of guilt, were for offences which took place in the Metropolitan Police district; separate figures are not available for the London borough of Newham.

    Police Establishment (Luton)

    asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department whether there are any plans for increasing the establishment of police in Luton in view of the fact that 706 of the 1,711 reported offences against the person in 1979 took place in the division covering Luton.

    Luton division already has a larger establishment than the other territorial divisions in Bedfordshire, but I understand the chief constable is reviewing the situation and contemplating asking the police authority to consider a further increase.

    Juvenile Offenders

    asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department if he will list the procedures which a police officer is required to follow once he has apprehended and taken a juvenile to a police station.

    The law and procedures relating to the detention and questioning of persons in police custody are described in memoranda IV and V of the Home Office evidence to the Royal Commission on criminal procedure (copies of which are in the Library of the House). In addition, the police are required to take all practicable steps to notify a parent or guardian of the arrest of a juvenile and to ensure that, as far as practicable, a juvenile is interviewed only in the presence of a parent or guardian or of some other suitable person. Many police forces have special arrangements, described in memorandum VI of the Home Office evidence to the Royal Commission, under which a juvenile will normally be released while background inquiries are carried out and the decision is reached on whether to prosecute.

    asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department how long a juvenile can be kept in police custody before a decision is taken as to whether a criminal charge is to be made by the police.

    Section 38 of the Magistrates' Courts Act 1952 provides that any person who is retained in custody after arrest must be brought before a magistrates' court as soon as practicable. In addition, where a juvenile is detained, section 29(5) of the Children and Young Persons Act 1969 requires him, except by reason of illness or accident, to be brought before a magistrates' court within 72 hours of his arrest.

    asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department if he is satisfied with the present facilities under which a juvenile can be detained by the police in a police station; and if he will make a statement.

    Home Office guidance to chief officers of police makes it clear that juveniles should not be placed in police cells, unless they are so unruly that they are likely to cause damage in a detention room or other accommodation. Chief officers have also been asked to ensure that secure accommodation, not in police cells, is made available at any station where it may be necessary to detain juveniles overnight. We have no reason to think that this guidance is inadequate or is not being followed.

    Assaults On Police Officers (Penalties)

    asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department if, in view of the fact that the number of police officers assaulted in the execution of their duty rose from 44 in 1978 to 84 in 1979 in Bedfordshire, he will bring forward proposals for increasing the penalties for those convicted of this crime.

    The existing penalties for offences of violence against the person range, according to the seriousness of the offence, up to a maximum of life imprisonment. The penalties for assault on police officers will be considered in the light of the recommendations of the Criminal Law Revision Committee in its report on offences against the person, which was published on 27 March 1980.

    Fire Services

    asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department if he will publish in the Official Report a table showing details of any cuts sanctioned by his Department in each fire service authority in England over the past six months in terms of (a) equipment and (b) establishment numbers; and if he will make a statement.

    Under section 19 of the Fire Services Act 1947, as amended by section 7 of the Fire Services Act 1959, my approval is required before a fire authority may vary the establishment scheme for its area by closing a fire station, or by reducing the number of whole-time members of any rank of the fire brigade—other than members whose duties do not normally include firefighting—or of part-time members of the brigade, or of pumping appliances or other appliances kept ready to attend fires. The table below shows the reductions in England to which my approval has been given since 24 September 1979. Fire authorities may make increases in their establishment schemes without my approval, and some of the authorities listed have made increases in the other categories shown in the table as well as the reductions listed. The table does not, therefore, show all the changes in establishment numbers which have been made by these authorities.It is my policy to encourage fire authorities to make expenditure savings where this can be done without endangering the safety of the public, but I am not prepared to approve reductions the effect of which would be to reduce fire cover provision below the minimum standards recommended by the Home Office.Following is the table:

    REDUCTIONS IN ESTABLISHMENT SCHEMES APPROVED SINCE 24 SEPTEMBER 1979

    Fire authority

    Divisional Officer Grade I

    Divisional Officer Grade II

    Divisional Officer Grade III

    Assistant Divisional Officer

    Station Officer

    Sub-Officer

    Leading Fireman

    Fireman

    Part-time members

    Pumping Appliances

    Other Appliances

    Avon112106852
    Bedfordshire1
    Berkshire24
    Cambridgeshire12
    Dorset3121181
    Essex13
    Hereford and Worcester1
    Humberside66151
    Lancashire1118733
    Greater Manchester2357
    Merseyside402
    Oxfordshire113146
    Suffolk2
    West Yorkshire160127155

    Crimes Of Violence (Bedfordshire)

    asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department whether any research is being conducted by his Department into the number of violent attacks occurring in Bedfordshire in 1979 and the reasons why they have risen substantially, as evidenced by the chief constable's report for 1979.

    The 270 per cent. increase, which represents an annual percentage change of about 14 per cent., reflects the substantial increase in offences of violence against the person in England and Wales as a whole. While I deplore that increase, I do not think that the situation in Bedfordshire is so exceptional as to justify research directed specifically to it. As my hon. Friend knows, the Government are giving priority to measures against crime and are providing for an increase in real terms in expenditure for that purpose. I hope that Bedfordshire will benefit from these measures along with other parts of the country.

    Truancy (Luton)

    asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many children were detected playing truant from school by police patrols organised by the divisional juvenile liaison department in Luton in 1979.

    I understand from the chief constable of Bedfordshire that in 1979 police patrols checked a total of 174 children who were found absent from school in Luton. These checks revealed 36 truants and 59 unjustified absences—that is, children absent from school with the consent of their parents but without other justification. Police truancy patrols are organised by the juvenile liaison department in conjunction with the local education welfare service.

    Offences Against The Person (Bedfordshire)

    asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department if, in view of the fact that offences against the person recorded in Bedfordshire in 1979 were almost 270 per cent. higher than the figures for 1969, he will bring forward measures to check this increase in crime.

    The Government have already taken the first step to combat the increase in crime, within which the incidence of violent offences is a disturbing feature, by implementing in full the Edmund-Davies recommendations on police pay. The experiment with a more vigorous regime in selected detention centres will begin on, or soon after, 21 April and we hope to announce in the summer our proposals for strengthening the powers of the courts in relation to juvenile and young adult offenders.

    Immigration

    asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department whether he will give details of the numbers of people who attempted to enter Great Britain on 17 September 1979 for a temporary visit who were barred from entry; and how many were allowed to enter, giving the reasons for admission and refusal of entry in each case.

    This information is not readily available and could be provided only at disproportionate cost because statistics of those admitted or refused leave to enter are not compiled on a daily basis.

    Edith, Baroness Von Thingen-Reichenbach

    asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department under what legal authority he refused permission to Edith, Baroness von Thingen-Reichenbach to enter Great Britain for seven days for the purpose of attending a church service.

    She was refused leave to enter by an immigration officer under powers contained in the Immigration Act 1971.

    Scientologists

    asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department when he expects to announce his decision regarding the ban on the entry of Scientologists.

    asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department to what extent the introduction and maintenance of the ban on the entry of foreign Scientologists is due to that organisation's continuing conflicts with the Central Intelligence Agency and other United States secret services and to what extent such official United States organisations asked for the ban or its continuance.

    Court Cases (Witnesses' Recognisances)

    asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department if he will introduce legislation to modify the Justices of the Peace Act 1361 to ensure that witnesses in cases do not face the possibility of imprisonment or intimidation through use of the powers of the 1361 Act to bind over any persons in the court.

    The Law Commission has agreed to consider the law relating to binding over in the context of its forthcoming review of common law offences relating to public order. We shall consider the need for legislation to modify the Justices of the Peace Act 1361 when the Law Commission has reported on this subject.

    British Broadcasting Corporation

    asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department if he will introduce legislation to debar employees of the British Broadcasting Corporation from being also directors of companies which enter into contractual arrangements with the Corporation.

    asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department if he intends to introduce legislation which would allow the British Broadcasting Corporation to compete with the Independent Broadcasting Authority for advertising revenue.

    I endorse the principle that the BBC should continue to be financed through the revenue from the television licence fees, as was recommended by the Annan committee on the future of broadcasting.

    Foreign And Commonwealth Affairs

    Overseas Visits (Cost)

    asked the Lord Privy Seal what has been the cost to public funds of visits abroad by officials accompanying Ministers in the Foreign and Commonwealth Office since May 1979.

    A total of £78,400. This figure excludes the cost of travel overseas by officials accompanying my hon. Friend the Minister for Overseas Development, details of which have already been given to my hon. Friend in reply to a separate question.

    asked the Lord Privy Seal what has been the cost to public funds of visits abroad by Ministers in the Foreign and Commonwealth Office since May 1979.

    A total of £164,185. This figure excludes the cost of official travel overseas by my hon. Friend the Minister for Overseas Development, details of which have already been given to my hon. Friend in reply to a separate question.

    Falkland Islands

    asked the Lord Privy Seal what discussions have been held with the Argentinian Government about the future of the Falkland Islands.

    There have so far been no inter-governmental discussions since those held by the previous Administration.

    Holy See (Ambassador)

    asked the Lord Privy Seal whether the Government intend to accredit an ambassador to the Holy See.

    No decision has been taken on this matter, which is kept under review.

    Industry

    Steelworkers (Redundancy)

    asked the Secretary of State for Industry what steps he will take to examine claims by male steelworkers that up to 800 redundant Shotton men are losing to female colleagues in redundancy settlements because of a British Steel Corporation ruling; if he is aware of major anomalies regarding make-up pay and pension availability; what steps he will take to achieve parity for all redundant steelworkers; and if he will make a statement.

    I am aware that a number of male steelworkers at Shotton, particularly those between the ages of 50 and 55, claim that they are being unfairly discriminated against and their case is being taken before industrial tribunals. Redundancy settlements are largely a matter for the BSC itself, but the payments for which my Department is responsible, under the iron and steel employees readaptation benefits scheme, do include provisions for women to take a pension option and certain other benefits five years before men.

    Shipbuilding And Steel Industries (European Community Assistance)

    asked the Secretary of State for Industry how much money was made available under the European Economic Community regional fund for the restructuring of the shipbuilding and steel industries for the last five years.

    Though funds have been made available to the steel industry from the social fund and under the Treaty of Paris, no aid from the European regional development fund (ERDF) has been given specifically to restructure the steel and shipbuilding industries. Some assistance from the quota section of the ERDF has been provided in respect of projects in areas affected by the rundown of employment in those industries. New measures are currently under discussion for some additional assistance to those areas from the non-quota section of the ERDF.

    Regional Selective Assistance

    asked the Secretary of State for Industry whether the assistance towards training costs available under section 7 of the Industry Act 1972 should be extended.

    Yes. From today a new scheme for regional selective assistance under section 7 of the Industry Act provides help towards certain in-plant training costs. The scheme applies to manufacturing projects providing a minimum of 25 jobs in special development areas and development areas where the training element is essential to the success of the project and where the project otherwise meets the criteria for regional selective assistance. It will finance training for 7,000 to 10,000 jobs a year at a gross cost of £10 million. Half of this will be found from the existing provisions for section 7 expenditure. Officials have had encouraging discussions with the European Commission about the scheme and there is every prospect that the European social fund will supply a matching £5 million, thus increasing our receipts from the social fund.

    Regional Development Grants

    asked the Secretary of State for Industry if he will set out in the Official Report the regional development grants paid in each of the three quarters of 1979, listing the companies to which the grants were paid.

    Payments of regional development grants in each of the first three quarters of 1979–80 were:

    Quarter ended 30 June 1979£110·4M
    Quarter ended 30 September 1979£82·1M
    Quarter ended 31 December 1979£57·2M
    In general details of grant payments are confidential between the Department and the applicants, but particulars of payment of grants over £25,000 are published in "British Business" as formerly in "Trade and Industry". The information for the quarters listed above was published on 19 October 1979 and 7 December 1979 in "Trade and Industry" and on 22 February 1980 in "British Business". Copies are now available in the Library.

    Fairey Holdings Limited

    asked the Secretary of State for Industry if he will make a statement on the Hambro's Bank's offer to purchase Fairey Holdings from the National Enterprise Board; and if, when considering the proposal, he will enable employees of Fairey Holdings to purchase a proportion of the shares if they wish.

    I understand that the board is still considering this offer but it has not yet put any proposals about it to my right hon. Friend.

    International Sports Company Limited, Liverpool

    asked the Secretary of State for Industry if he will make a statement on the closure of International Sports Company Limited, Liverpool.

    My noble Friend the Minister of State has had discussions with senior representatives of the company about alternatives to closure of the factory at Speke. However, the decision can only be a matter for the commercial judgment of the company concerned.

    The Arts (Inflation Quotient)

    asked the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster what was the inflation quotient for the arts as administered

    VALVE OF TAX RELIEF
    Total Mortgage Interest relief at 1979/80 income levelsPer MortgagorPer owner-occupied dwellingPer head of population
    £ million£££
    England1,31024513528
    Scotland7028010513
    Wales502258519

    Income Tax

    asked the Chancellor of the Exchequer (1) if he will estimate the numbers of taxpayers who will be subjected to tax at the marginal rate on earned income after the Budget at (a) 30 per cent., (b) 40 per cent., (c) 45 per cent., (d) 50 per cent., (e) 55 per cent. and (f) 60 per cent., showing married couples as one tax unit and with earning wives being counted separately;(2) if he will present his Budget income tax changes according to the total amount of tax cuts, the total percentage of tax cuts and the total number of taxpayers in each of the following income groups (

    a) under £2,000 per year, ( b) £2,000 to £4,000 per year, ( c) £4,000 to £6,000 per per year, ( d) £6,000 to £10,000 per year, ( e) £10,000 to £20,000 per year, ( f) £20,000 to £30,000 per year and ( g) over £30,000 per year;

    (3) how much revenue was lost by the Budget income tax changes; and if he will subdivide this figure according to tax payers paying at the standard and higher

    by the Arts Council for each of the last five years; and what is the ratio between those figures and those of the national percentage rise.

    No authoritative indices are available for movements in pay and prices in the arts.

    National Finance

    Mortgage Interest (Tax Relief)

    asked the Chancellor of the Exchequer what was the value of income tax relief on mortgage interest payments in total, per mortgagor, per owner-occupied dwelling and per head of population, in England, Scotland and Wales, respectively, during the last year for which information is available.

    The information is as follows:rates, giving details on the numbers of taxpayers in each of the two groups.

    Bank Of England (Staff Loans)