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Commodity Producers

Volume 984: debated on Friday 9 May 1980

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asked the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food if he will list the major producers of the following commodities: cocoa, coffee, tea and sugar; how much was produced in 1979; what percentage the figure represented of

(i) COCOA
(1978–79 marketing year (October—September))
World production: 1,496; World exports: 1,467
Main producersProductionPercentage of world exportsExportsPercentage of world exports
Ivory Coast31221318*22
Brazil3142131221
Ghana2651823316
Nigeria2021414710
* Previous year stock carried over.
(ii) COFFEE
(Calendar year 1979)
World production: 4,734; World exports: 3,714
Main producersProductionPercentage of world exportsExportsPercentage of world exports
Brazil1,2543472019
Colombia7522066618
Ivory Coast29182767
(iii) TEA
(Calendar year 1978)
World production: 1,481; World exports: 754
Main producersProductionPercentage of world exportsExportsPercentage of world exports
India5737616922
Sri Lanka1992619326
Kenya93128511
Indonesia7310567
(iv) SUGAR
(Calendar year 1978)
World production: 92,300; World exports: 24,800
Main producersProductionPercentage of world exportsExportsPercentage of world exports
EEC12,800523,60015
Brazil7,900321,9008
Cuba7,700317,20029
India7,100297003
The USSR, USA and China, although major for producers with 9·4 million tonnes, 5·1 million tonnes and 4·0 million tonnes respectively; are net importers of sugar.
As to trading arrangements, the position is:

Cocoa—the International Cocoa Agreement, 1975, has terminated and no arrangements currently exist for regulating the supply, sale or price of cocoa.
Coffee—the International Coffee Agreement, 1976, provides for the introductions of quotas if prices fall to a specified level. At present no

world sales; and whether any trading or cartel arrangements exist for regulating the supply, sale or price of any of the commodities listed.

I regret that the information requested on production and exports in 1979 is available only for coffee. This, with the latest available figures (in '000 tonnes) for cocoa, tea and sugar, is given below.

quotas are in operation as the price has remained above the trigger point. Several Latin American producing countries have formed a group which, by its operations on world markets, attempts to influence prices.
Tea—no arrangements currently exist for regulating the supply, sale or price of tea.
Sugar—the International Sugar Agreement, 1977, aims to promote orderly marketing of sugar and price stability by the introduction of limits on exports and the build-up or release of stocks when prices fall below or rise above certain levels. At present there are no restrictions on exports and the release of all stocks has been authorised as the world price is above the trigger points.