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Public Expenditure

Volume 14: debated on Tuesday 8 December 1981

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asked the Chancellor of the Exchequer (1) if he will publish in the Official Report, for England, Scotland, Wales, Great Britain, Northern Ireland and the United Kingdom, expenditure which falls into the category of "comparable expenditure" for purposes of territorial allocation, providing the same programme detail as that provided in table 2.15 of Cmnd. 8175;(2) if he will publish in the

Official Report the latest available statistics on identifiable public expenditure in England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales; and if he will indicate the earliest year to which this series can be extended back on a consistent basis.

The following tables show figures of identifiable public expenditure according to main function in England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. The analysis is presented for the past five years, the only period for which data is available on a consistent basis. The figures are given in £ million, as a percentage of total United Kingdom identifiable expenditure, in pounds per head and the latter as a percentage of United Kingdom identifiable expenditure per head. The term "identifiable expenditure" refers to expenditure which can be identified from official records as having been incurred in a particular country. As shown in table 2, it has a wider coverage than expenditure within the responsibility of the Secretaries of State in the case of Scotland and Wales and in the case of Northern Ireland it has a slightly wider coverage than the Northern Ireland programme in the public expenditure survey. It excludes debt interest and expenditure on defence, overseas aid and other overseas services which is incurred on behalf of the United Kingdon as a whole. Total identifiable public expenditure represents about 80 per cent. of total public expenditure on programmes.The extent to which expenditure can be identified may vary from year to year and between countries, particularly for services administered on an England and Wales basis. The figures in the tables also reflect other differences in administrative arrangements; for example current expenditure on sewerage by regional water authorities is treated as a trading expense in England and Wales and excluded from public expenditure; but in Scotland it is local authority rate fund expenditure and so is included in other environmental services as public expenditure.

Table 1—Identifiable public expenditure 1976–77
£ millionAs a percentage of United Kingdom identifiable expenditure
EnglandScotlandWalesNorthern IrelandUnited KingdomEnglandScotlandWalesNorthern Ireland
Agriculture, Fisheries, Food and Forestry464148561107786019714
Industry, Energy, Trade and Employment132342616522321376220810
Transport1808236180732297791083
Housing39345591971774867811144
Other Environmental Services2035311150752571791263
Law, Order and Protective Services154317776172196878949
Education, Science, Arts and Libraries67259084142638310811153
Health and Personal Social Services59387943582417331811153
Social Security954011056493461164082963
Other Public Services5981375020805741762
Common Services38032201144386752
Government Lending to Nationalised Industries-148-186-1-64
Total Expenditure on Programme3414048322401171043083791164
Nationalised Industries Markets and Overseas Borrowing9041589471163781481
Special Sales Assets
Total Planning3504449902495171744246791164
Table 1—Identifiable public expenditure 1976–77
£ per headas a percentage of United Kingdom identifiable expenditure
EnglandScotlandWalesNorthern IrelandUnited KingdomEnglandScotlandWalesNorthern Ireland
Agriculture, Fisheries, Food and Forestry102820721471200143514
Industry, Energy and Trade, Employment2882601453874216158382
Transport394565474195110159115
Housing8510771115879812382132
Other Environmental Services446054494696130117107
Law, Order and Protective Services33342711235949777320
Education, Science, Arts and Libraries14517415017114997117101115
Health and Personal Social Services1281531291571319811798120
Social Security20621223422520899102112108
Other Public Services13261813149318612993
Common Services86778100758888
Government Lending to Nationalised Industries-331-1-1

Total Government net lending to nationalised industries is allocated to countries, industry by industry, pro rata to the industries' identifiable capital investment and the amounts attributed to each country fluctuate from year to year because of the variability both of the aggregate lending figures and of the incidence of expenditure on large capital projects in particular countries.

The estimates below use the terms and classifications of the public expenditure White Paper "The Government's Expenditure Plans 1981–82 to 1983–84", Cmnd. 8175, published in March 1981 although the VAT paid by local authorities and refunded to them has now been excluded. The figures for earlier years may therefore differ slightly from those published previously.

These are the only available figures comparing public expenditure on programmes in the four countries of the United Kingdom. Table 2 compares expenditure in Scottish, Welsh and Northern Ireland programmes with total identifiable expenditure in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland respectively.

£ per head

as a percentage of United Kingdom identifiable expenditure

England

Scotland

Wales

Northern Ireland

United Kingdom

England

Scotland

Wales

Northern Ireland

Total Expenditure on Programme7369288671,112771965120112144
Nationalised Industries Market and Overseas Borrowing193034521
Planning Total7569599011,11679295121114141

Table 1—Identifiable Public Expenditure 1977–78.

£ million

as a percentage of United Kingdom identifiable expenditure

England

Scotland

Wales

Northern Ireland

United Kingdom

England

Scotland

Wales

Northern Ireland

Agriculture, Fisheries, Food and Forestry370125481196625619718
Industry, Energy, Trade, Employment1,2003561892321,97761181012
Transport1,701273168872,229761284
Housing3,7605721761714,679801244
Other Environmental Services2,148312162822,704791263
Law, Order, Protective Services1,665187821802,11479949
Education, Science, Arts, Libraries7,0939564382988,785811153
Health, Personal Social Services6,5408834022718,096811153
Sccial Security11,4101,34079341713,960821063
Other Public Services6221405021833751763
Common Services40236231047185852
Government Lending to Nationalised Industries-1740140-1162
Total Expenditure on Programme36,8945,2202,6711,88746,672791164
Nationalised Industries Market and Expenses Borrowing4165263-3528
Special Sales Assets
Total Planning37,3105,2722,7341,88447,200791164

Table 1—Identifiable Public Expenditure 1977–78

£ per head

as a percentage of United Kingdom indentifiable expenditure

England

Scotland

Wales

Northern Ireland

United Kingdom

England

Scotland

Wales

Northern Ireland

Agriculture, Fisheries, Food, Forestry82417771267200142642
Industry, Energy, Trade, Employment2669681513574197194431
Transport375361574092132152142
Housing8111064111849613176132
Other Environmental Services466059534896125123110
Law Order, Protective Services36363011738959579308
Education, Science, Arts, Libraries15318415819415797117101123
Health, Personal Social Services14117014517614597117100121
Social Security24625828627125098103114108
Other Public Services13271814158718012093
Common Services978781128710087
Government Lending to Nationalised Industries851-13
Total Expenditure on Programme7961,0059651,22883695120115147
Nationalised Industries Markets and Overseas Borrowing91023-29
Special Sales of Assets
Total Planning8051,0159881,22684595120117145

Table 1—Ientifiable public expenditure 1978–79

£ million

as a percentage of United Kingdom identifiable expenditure

England

Scotland

Wales

Northern Ireland

United Kingdom

England

Scotland

Wales

Northern Ireland

Agriculture, Fisheries, Food and Forestry387106381256565916619
Industry, Energy, Trade and Employment1,5273862252822,4206316912
Transport1,8753271901012,493751384
Housing3,9016101841874,882801244
Other Environmental Services2,436375185913,087791263
Law, Order and Protective Services1,874214922082,38878949
Education and Science, Arts and Libraries7,8321,0734943409,739801153
Health and Personal Social Services7,4251,0264603159,226801153
Social Security13,5621,54793350116,54382963
Other Public Services6651545823900741763
Common Services40639241648584853
Government lending to nationalised industries187145825972522
Total Expendifure on Programme42,0785,8712,9412,18953,078791164
Nationalised Industries, Market and Overseas Borrowing3197028-3414
Special Sales of Assets
Total Planning42,3975,9412,9692,18653,492791164

Table 1—Identifiable public expenditure 1978–79

£ per head

as a percentage of United Kingdom identifiable expenditure

England

Scotland

Wales

Northern Ireland

United Kingdom

England

Scotland

Wales

Northern Ireland

Agriculture, Fisheries, Food and Forestry82114811267167117675
Industry, Energy, Trade, Employment3375811834377174188426
Transport406369664589140153147
Housing8411866121879713676139
Other environmental services537267595596131122107
Law Order and Protective Services40413313543939577314
Education, Science, Arts, Libraries16920717822117497119102127
Health, Personal Social Services16019816620516597120101124
Social Security29329933732629699101114110
Other Public Services14302115168718713194
Common Services97910910078100111
Goverment Lending to Nationalised Industries43215
Total Expenditure on Programme9081,1341,0631,42295195119112150
Nationalised Industries Market and Overseas Borrowing71410-27
Total Planning9151,1471,0731,42095896120112148

Table 1—Identifiable public expenditure 1979–80

£ million

as a percentage of United Kingdom identifiable expenditure

England

Scotland

Wales

Northern Ireland

United Kingdom

England

Scotland

Wales

Northern Ireland

Agriculture, Fisheries, Food and Forestry564161651068966318712
Industry, Energy, Trade and Employment1,6463852203072,5586415912
Transport2,2613762231142,974761374
Housing4,8797802242156,098801344
Other Environmental Services2,8624702241043,660781363
Law, Order and Protective Services2,3582781172533,00678948
Education and Science, Arts and Libraries9,0451,21356139011,209811153

£ million

as a percentage of United Kingdom identifiable expenditure

England

Scotland

Wales

Northern Ireland

United Kingdom

England

Scotland

Wales

Northern Ireland

Health and Personal Social Services8,8971,23254238311,054811153
Social Security16,0951,8691,01259419,570821053
Other Public Services78117674281,059741773
Common Services47840212055986744
Government Lending to Nationalised Industries1,060217266-61,537691417
Total Expenditure on Programmes50,9267,1973,5492,50864,180791164
Nationalised Industries Market and Overseas Borrowing214-9913-61
Special Sales of Assets-44-44100
Total Planning50,9037,2013,4502,52164,075791154

Table 1—Identifiable public expenditure 1979–80

£ per head

a=a percentage of United Kingdom identifiable expenditure

England

Scotland

Wales

Northern Ireland

United Kingdom

England

Scotland

Wales

Northern Ireland

Agriculture, Fisheries, Food and Forestry123123691675194144431
Industry, Energy, Trade and Employment3575791994676163172433
Transport4897380745391138151140
Housing105151811391099613874127
Other Environmental Services629181676595140125103
Law, Order and Protective Services515442164549410078304
Education and Science, Arts and Libraries19523520225320197117100126
Health and Personal Social Services1922391952481989712198125
Social Security34736236538535099103104110
Other Public Services17342718198917914295
Common Services108813101008080130
Government Lending to Nationalised Industries234296-428
Total Expenditure on Programme1,0981,3931,2791,6251,14896121111142
Nationalised Industries Market and Overseas Borrowing1-368-1
Special Sales of Assets-1-1
Total Planning1,0971,3941,2431,6341,14796121108142

Table 1—Identifiable public expenditure 1980–81

£ million

as a percentage of United Kingdom identifiable expend

England

Scotland

Wales

Northern Ireland

United Kingdom

England

Scotland

Wales

Northern Ireland

Agriculture, Fisheries, Food, Forestry623194791161,0126219811
Industry, Energy, Trade and Employment2,4105223543663,65266141010
Transport2,6114552691223,457761384
Housing4,9508012252456,221801344
Other Environmental Services3,2865352511224,194781363
Law, Order and Protective Services2,9393441453163,74379948
Education and Science, Arts and Libraries10,8441,51268746013,503801153
Health and Personal Social Services11,4251,55069948514,159811153
Social Security19,6732,0871,21371623,68883953
Other Public Services94621687351,284741773
Common Services51457242862383944
Government Lending to Nationalised Industries2,0204668513,337611426
Total Expenditure on Programme62,2408,7394,8843,01178,873791164
Nationalised Industries Market and Overseas Borrowing-220-57-79-5-3616116221
Special Sales of Assets-85-3-88973
Total Planning61,9358,6794,8053,00678,424791164

Table 1—Identifiable Public Expenditure 1980–81

£ per head

as a percentage of United Kingdom indentifiable expenditure

England

Scotland

Wales

Northern Ireland

United Kingdom

England

Scotland

Wales

Northern Ireland

Agriculture, Fisheries, Food and Forestry133828751812211156417
Industry, Energy, Trade and Employment521011272376580155195365
Transport568897796290142156127
Housing107155811581119614073142
Other Environmental Services7110490797595139120105
Law, Order and Protective Services636752204679410078304
Education, Science, Arts and Libraries22329324729724197122102123
Health and Personal Social Services24630125231425397119100124
Social Security42340543746342310096103109
Other Public Services204231232387183135100
Common Services11119181110010082164
Government Lending to Nationalised Industries439030660
Total Expenditure on Programme1,3391,6961,7591,9461,41095121125138
Nationalised Industries, Markets and Overseas Borrowing-5-11-28-3-6
Special Sales of Assets-2-1-2
Total Planning1,3331,6841,7301,9431,40295120123139

Table 2 Planning total analysed by territorial area 1980–81

£ million-outturn price

Scotland

Wales

Northern Ireland

Not Identified

United Kingdom

England

Programme 15

Other

Total

Programme 16

Other

Total

Programme 17

Other

Total

Defence11,33611,336
Overseas Aid and Other Overseas Services1,7151,715
Agriculture, Fisheries, Food and Forestry6231563819460197956601166381,650
Industry, Energy, Trade and Employment2,4101453775228427035436243669504,602
Transport2,6114496455233362691221226674,124
Housing4,95080180122522524524516,222
Other Environmental Services3,28653235352492251122122464,240
Law, Order and Protective Services2,939302423441451453106316873,831
Education, Science, Arts and Libraries10,8441,3131991,512567120687459146011713,620
Health and Personal Social Services11,4251,5501,55069969948548514,159
Social Security19,6732,0872,0871,2131,2137061071612423,812
Other Public Services946102114216295887181735801,364
Common Services51457572424226286421,265
Government Lending to Nationalised Industries2,020466466851851-1,1672,170
Total Expenditure on Programmes62,2405,3503,3898,7392,1472,7374,8842,9071043,01115,23694,110
Nationalised Industries Market and Overseas Borrowing-220-57-57-79-79-5-5-24-385
Special Sales of Assets-85-3-3-274-362
Planning Total61,9355,3503,3298,6792,1472,6584,8052,907993,00614,93893,663