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Labour Productivity

Volume 19: debated on Tuesday 2 March 1982

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asked the Secretary of State for Industry whether the census of production has figures of labour productivity for manufacturing industry as a whole and by sectors in terms of value added per unit of time or some other criterion; and if he will publish in the Official Report a table showing (a) the median and upper and lower quartiles and (b) the average of the whole and the average of the top 80 per cent.

Estimates from the census of production for 1979 of average gross value added per head for all manufacturing and for individual sectors are shown in the following table. Information relating to the medians and quartiles of productivity measures will become available later this year.

Order; Standard Industrial Classification (Revised 1968)Gross value added per head
III—Food, drink and tobacco9,259
IV—Coal and petroleum products73,011
V—Chemicals and allied industries12,216
VI—Metal manufacture6,529
VII—Mechanical engineering8,213
VIII—Instrument engineering6,643
IX—Electrical engineering7,664
X—Shipbuilding and marine engineering6,358
XII—Metal goods not elsewhere specified7,043
XIV—Leather goods and fur5,919
XV—Clothing and footwear4,626
XVI—Bricks, pottery, glass, cement, etc.8,856
XVII—Timber, furniture, etc.7,053
XVIII—Paper, printing and publishing8,523
XlX—Other manufacturing industries7,177
III—XIX—AH manufacturing industries8,154


The extreme value of gross value of gross added per head quoted for Order IV, coal and petroleum products, reflects the very high value of the output and the relatively low employment of the mineral oil refiniag industry.