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Children (Offences)

Volume 82: debated on Monday 1 July 1985

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asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department (1) how many children were charged with offences relating to sections 32, 33 and 34 of the Offences Against the Person Act 1861, for (a) Billericay petty sessional area (b) Essex and (c) England and Wales, for each of the past five years;(2) how many children were charged with offences relating to sections 35 and 36 of the Malicious Damage Act 1861 for

(a) Billericay petty sessional area (b) Essex and (c) England and Wales, for each of the past five years;

(3) how many children were convicted of offences relating to sections 32, 33 and 34 of the Malicious Damage Act 1861; and what was the average sentence for (a) Billericay petty sessional area (b) Essex and (c) England and Wales, for each of the past five years;

(4) how many children were convicted of offences relating to sections 35 and 36 of the Malicious Damage Act 1861; and what was the average sentence for (a) Billericay petty sessional area (b) Essex and (c) England and Wales, for each of the past five years;

(5) in what percentage of cases of children convicted under sections 35 and 36 of the Malicious Damage Act 1861 compensation orders were made against parents for (a) Billericay petty sessional area (b) Essex and (c) England and Wales, for each of the past five years;

(6) in what percentage of cases of children convicted under sections 32, 33 and 34 of the Offences Against the Person Act 1861 compensation orders were made against parents for (a) Billericay petty sessional area (b) Essex and (c) England and Wales, for each of the past five years;

(7) how many children were cautioned under sections 35 and 36 of the Malicious Damage Act 1861 by (a) Essex police and (b) the British Transport police for each of the past five years; and what percentage of these resided in south-east Essex;

Persons aged under 17 cautioned or proceeded against in Billericay Petty Sessional Division, Essex police force area and England and Wales for certain offences by disposal

1980–83

Number of persons and percentages

Disposal

Year

Billericay PSD

Essex police force

England and Wales

Offences under Sections 32 to 34 of the Offences Against the Persons Act 1861

Cautioned1980n.a.3
1981n.a.3
1982n.a.2
1983n.a.6
Proceeded against at magistrates courts198055
19811133
198216
198232
Found guilty at all courts1980†52
19811124
19822
198312
Fine (numbers)198010
198114
19822
Fine (average amount)1980£14

(8) how many children were cautioned under sections 32, 33 and 34 of the Offences Against the Person Act 1861 by (a) Essex police and (b) British Transport police for each of the past five years; and what percentage of these resided in south-east Essex;

(9) how many children have been convicted of offences relating to section 56 of the British Transport Commission Act 1949, what was the average sentence for (a) the Billericay petty sessional area, (b) Essex, and (c) for England and Wales for each of the past five years;

(10) how many children were charged with offences relating to section 56 of the British Transport Commission Act 1949 for (a) the Billericay petty sessional area, (b) Essex, and (c) for England and Wales for each of the past five years;

(11) on how many occasions compensation orders have been made on parents of children convicted of offences relating to section 56 of the British Transport Commission Act 1949 in (a) the Billericay petty sessional area, (b) Essex, and (c) in England and Wales for each of the past five years.

[pursuant to his replies, 18 June 1985, c. 88–89 and 20 June 1985, c. 185]: The information available to me, which may be incomplete is given in the following table for 1980–83; corresponding information for 1984 is not yet available.Question (3) has been taken to refer to the Offences Against the Persons Act 1861.Information collected centrally does not include details of cautions by the British Transport police, nor on the place of residence of offenders. For offences under sections 32 to 34 of the Offences Against the Persons Act 1861, the information for England and Wales is published annually in "Criminal Statistics England and Wales, Supplementary Tables", under offence classification 6: in vol 1, tables S1·1(B) and S1·1(C)—magistrates' courts, in vol 2, tables S2·1(B) and S2·1(C)—the Crown Court and in vol 4, table S4·1(C)—cautions.

Disposal

Year

Billericay PSD

Essex police force

England and Wales

1981£39
1982£63
1983£23
Other non-custodial sentence198041
19818
198212
198319
Custodial sentence1980
1981112
1982
1983
Parents to pay compensation (numbers)1980
1981
1982
1983
Parents to pay compensation (percentages)1980
1981
1982
1983

Offences under Sections 35 to 36 of the Malicious Damage Act 1861

Cautioned1980n.a.1
1981n.a.7
1982n.a.3
1983n.a.5
Proceeded against at magistrates courts198027
198120
198224
198318
Found guilty at all courts198025
198119
198222
1983‡19
Fine (numbers)19807
19811
19821
19833
Fine (average amount)1980£24
1981£20
1982£75
1983£50
Other non-custodial sentence198015
198116
198218
198311
Custodial sentence19803
19812
19823
19835
Parents to pay compensation (numbers)1980
1981
1982
1983
Parents to pay compensation (percentages)1980
1981
1982
1983

Offences under certain Acts relating to railways

*

Cautioned1980n.a.24
1981n.a.16
1982n.a.135
1983n.a.9
Proceeded against at magistrates courts19809390

Disposal

Year

Billericay PSD

Essex police force

England and Wales

1981418249
19826249
19836260
Found guilty at all courts19809380
1981317235
19826230
19834243
Fine (numbers)19806259
1981312167
19824156
19833199
Fine (average amount)1980£13£11
1981£20£16£11
1982£8£12
1983£7£12
Other non-custodial sentence19803121
1981568
1982274
1983144
Custodial sentence1980
1981
1982
1983
Parents to pay compensation (numbers)19801
1981
1982
19832
Parents to pay compensation (percentages)1980(less than half)
1981
1982
19831
n.a. Not available.

* Including section 56 of the British Transport Commission Act 1949 and private railway acts.

† Includes one person committed for sentence by a magistrates' court but not yet sentenced by the Crown Court.
‡ Persons can be found guilty at the Crown Court for a difference offence from which they are committed for trial. Hence, sometimes the total found guilty at all courts exceeds the total proceeded against at magistrates' courts.