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Labour Statistics

Volume 86: debated on Monday 11 November 1985

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asked the Paymaster General if he will list for each of the last 10 years the largest sectors of employment in the United Kingdom; and if he will tabulate for each year (a) the numbers employed in each sector and (b) the percentage of the total working population employed in that sector.

Civilian employed labour force in the United Kingdom: June

Industry division

1976

1977

1978

1979

1980

1981

1982

1983

1984

1985

thousands

Agriculture, forestry and fishing676676671658647635635628623621
Energy and water supply industries721718717722726710685660631607
Extraction of minerals and ores other than fuels; manufacture of metals, mineral products and chemicals1,1641,1831,1641,1511,082944892827805801
Metal goods, engineering and vehicles industries3,3683,3943,4173,4133,3072,9652,8122,6822,6442,629
Other manufacturing industries2,8922,8952,8522,8362,6952,4602,3432,2492,2522,241
Construction1,5861,5131,5341,6001,6261,5341,4631,4281,4541,444
Distribution, hotels and catering; repairs4,6614,7184,7614,9065,0024,8834,8774,8915,1365,289
Transport and communications1,5341,5291,5461,5631,5771,5221,4661,4171,4231,411
Banking, finance, insurance, business services and leasing1,6461,6671,7181,7941,8631,9271,9772,0352,1062,197
Other services6,2426,2306,3016,4196,4576,4106,4196,4546,5836,680

per cent. of working population

Agriculture, forestry and fishing2·62·62·52·52·42·42·42·42·32·3
Energy and water supply industries2·82·72·72·72·72·72·62·52·32·2
Extraction of minerals and ores other than fuels; manufacture of metals, mineral products and chemicals4·54·54·44·34·03·53·33·13·02·9
Metal goods, engineering and vehicles industries12·912·913·012·812·311·110·510·113·59·6
Other manufacturing industries11·111·010·810·710·09·28·88·68·38·2
Construction6·15·85·86·06·15·75·55·45·45·3
Distribution, hotels and catering; repairs17·918·018·118·418·718·318·318·419·019·3
Transport and communications5·95·85·95·95·95·75·55·35·35·1
Banking, finance, insurance, business services and leasing6·36·46·56·76·97·27·47·78·08·0
Other services23·923·823·924·124·124·024·124·324·424·4

asked the Paymaster General what are his most recent estimates of the numbers of jobs created (a) for employees and (b) for the self-employed in both part-time and full-time jobs for each of the regional areas of England, and for Scotland and Wales.

Information about job gains and job losses is not available from the Department's statistics, but an indication of the net changes can be seen by comparing levels of employment at different dates.The following table gives the comparisons between levels of employment at June 1984 and June 1985, the latest date for which figures are available, for the areas specified. Estimates of part-time employees in employment at these dates are available only for females. The estimates of the self-employed do not separately identify those in part-time and full-time employment.

Net changes in levels of employment between June 1984 and June 1985
Employees in EmploymentSelf-Employed
TotalPart-time femalesTotal
South East83,00058,00049,000
Greater London (included in South East)8,0009,000*
East Anglia15,0008,0007,000
South West11,00018,0003,000
West Midlands9,00011,00012,000
East Midlands9,0005,0006,000
Yorkshire and Humberside-2,00012,00012,000
North West16,00029,00014,000
North -8,0006,0002,000
Scotland6,00022,00012,000
Wales-4,0007,0009,000
* Not available.