Written Answers To Questions
Wednesday 1 April 1987
asked the hon. Member for Wokingham, as representing the Church Commissioners, if he will list those members of the Government who are ex-officio Church Commissioners; and which meetings of the commissioners each of these office holders has attended during the last 15 years.
The information is as follows:
General Meetings Attended
- First Lord of the Treasury—None.
- Lord President of the Council—None.
- Lord Chancellor—None.
- Chancellor of the Exchequer—None.
- Secretary of State for the Home Department—1986.
- Attorney General—None.
- Solicitor General — 1974; 1975; 1976 (twice); 1977; 1978; 1979; 1980; 1985 (twice); 1986.
Riding Centre, Summerston
asked the Secretary of State for Scotland if he is now in a position to approve the urban aid application submitted through Glasgow district council for the new riding centre for the disabled at Summerston.
Glasgow district council was informed on 27 March that this project has been approved for funding under the urban programme in 1987–88.
asked the Secretary of State for Scotland if he will publish in the Official Report the names of those organisations which have commented upon the Government's proposals of December 1986 on landscape conservation orders.
The following organisations in Scotland responded with comments to the consultation paper issued by the Department of the Environment entitled "Protecting the Countryside".
- Association for the Protection of Rural Scotland.
- Convention of Scottish Local Authorities.
- Countryside Commission for Scotland.
- Crofters Commission.
- National Farmers' Union of Scotland.
- National Trust for Scotland.
- Scottish Landowners' Federation.
- Scottish Wildlife Trust.
asked the Secretary of State for Scotland when he expects to deal with correspondence inquiring about advertising expenditure on AIDS, referred by the hon. Member for Glasgow, Maryhill on 17 February.
My noble Friend the Minister of State has written to the hon. Member.
Trade And Industry
Research And Development
asked the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry what has been the percentage increase in gross research and development expenditure in Britain in real terms since 1979; and what is the position of Britain in real terms compared with other Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development countries.
The available information is given in the table.
|Increase in gross domestic expenditure on research and development (GERD) adjusted for changes in prices: 1983 compared with 1978 or 1979 for some OECD member countries|
|Percentage increase in GERD|
Note: Increases are over the four-year period 1979 to 1983, except for United Kingdom and Australia, the five-year period 1978 to 1983.
asked the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry whether he will publish in the Official Report a table showing the United Kingdom share of European Economic Community exports of goods in Standard Industrial Trade Classifications 5, 6, 7 and 8. respectively, in 1979, 1985 and the latest period of 12 months for which figures are available; and what information he has as to how these compare with the share held by Germany, France and Italy.
I shall reply to the hon. Gentleman as soon as possible.
asked the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry whether he will publish in the Official Report a table showing for each year from 1957 gross and net domestic fixed capital formation by manufacturing industry at current and at 1980 prices.
[pursuant to his reply, 30 March 1987, c. 361]: The requested information is shown in the following table:
|Gross and net domestic fixed capital formation by manufacturing industry at current and 1980 prices|
|Current prices||1980 prices||Current prices||1980 prices|
Sources: Business Statistics Office, Central Statistical Office and CSO Blue Book.
asked the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry in which years since 1957 gross fixed investment in plant and machinery in manufacturing industry in real terms has exceeded the 1979 level; and if he will publish in the Official Report a table showing on the basis of 1979 = 100 the amount of real investment in plant and machinery in each year since 1957 by manufacturing industry.
[pursuant to his reply, 30 March 1987, c. 361]: Gross fixed investment on plant and machinery at 1980 prices has not exceeded the 1979 level in any year in the period from 1957.
Index of gross fixed investment in plant and machinery in manufacturing industry at 1980 prices (including assets leased to manufacturers from the financial industries) 1979 = 100
Note: Expenditure on assets leased to manufacturers from the financial industries is included from 1975. Prior to this date no figures are available for such expenditure which is thought to be small or negligible.
Source: Business Statistics Office.
asked the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry, of the funds made available to the Royal Society of Arts during Industry Year 1986 to publicise the importance of Enterprise Education, (a) how much and (b) what proportion of the total amount was spent on (i) publicity materials in schools in the United Kingdom (ii) publicity materials in schools in Wales and (iii) publicity materials in the Welsh language.
[pursuant to his reply, 31 March 1987]: The Government made funds available to the Royal Society for the encouragement of arts, manufacturers and commerce, during Industry Year 1986, to increase awareness of the role of industry and its service to the community. These were spent on all aspects of the campaign. £300,000 (29 per cent.), exclusive of staff costs, design and other overheads was spent on materials for schools in the United Kingdom. These were distributed to all schools including those in Wales. Figures for supply to schools in Wales cannot be separately identified. £11,696 (1·1 per cent.) was spent on translating and printing schools materials in the Welsh language.
British Military Hospital, Dharan
asked the Secretary of State for Defence what were the full costs of running the British military hospital in Dharan, Nepal in 1984 and 1985.
[pursuant to his reply, 30 March 1987, c. 382]: The full running costs of the British military hospital Dharan, Nepal were:
asked the Secretary of State for Defence if he will make a statement on the future of the British military hospital in Dharan, Nepal.
[pursuant to his reply, 30 March 1987, c. 382]: All defence programmes, including those in Nepal, are kept constantly under review. However, no decision has been taken on the future of BMH Dharan.
asked the Prime Minister what action she purposes to take, in the light of her message to the member states of the European Community, the Commission and the European Parliament in European Road Safety Year, to implement and seek further solutions aimed at reducing the frequency and severity of road accident casualties both nationally and in conjunction with European Economic Community members.
I have been asked to reply.My right hon. Friend the Secretary of State for Transport will soon be reporting to Parliament the outcome of the Government's review of road safety policy. The main conclusion to emerge from the review—that available resources be directed towards proven and cost-effective means of reducing road casualties—is already being reflected in increased funding for low-cost road safety engineering and for road safety research.Within the Community we shall continue to work with our partners on issues which require action at international level, particularly vehicle safety. We are also expanding bilateral exchanges where we can learn from the experience of countries which have developed effective ways of reducing casualties.
asked the Attorney-General what steps he proposes to take to stop the practice of gazumping in England and Wales.
The Law Commission's report on "Subject to Contract" agreements (Law Com. No. 65, published in 1975) concluded that legislation to impose civil or criminal liability for "gazumping" would be counter-productive. The Government hope that buyers and sellers of houses and flats will give favourable consideration to the pre-contract deposit agreement recommended by the conveyancing standing committee in January last.
Court Proceedings (Documentary Evidence)
asked the Attorney-General what representations he has received on proposals to give the judiciary a complete discretion to decide whether documents given in evidence in court should remain confidential; and if he will make a statement.
By the close of the consultation period on 20 March the Lord Chancellor had received 27 replies to his consultation paper proposing amendments to the "Rules of the Supreme Court" to give effect to the friendly settlement reached in the case brought by the hon. Member for Peckham (Ms. Harman) against the United Kingdom. Six of those replies express the view that the amendments give too much discretion to the judges. Changes will be considered in the light of the comments received, but it is an express term of the settlement that it will continue to be possible for a document to be subject to an order preventing its disclosure otherwise than to the parties to the action.
Prison Officers (Medical Protection)
asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department (1) if he will make a statement on the procedure laid down by his Department for the protection of the prison officers involved with prisoners in the custody of Her Majesty's prisons who are known to be AIDS victims or carriers of that virus;(2) if he will make a statement on the procedure laid down by his Department for the protection of the prison officers involved with prisoners in the custody of Her Majesty's Government who are known to be hepatitis B victims or carriers of that virus.
The procedural guidance issued by the prison department provides for infected prisoners who are ill (in the acute phase of hepatitis B infection or suffering from symptoms of AIDS or an AIDS-related condition) to be located either in a prison hospital or removed to National Health Service facilities. For both hepatitis B and HIV carriers who are asymptomatic certain regime restrictions have been advised, the precise restrictions applied in a particular case being a matter for the medical officer. Arrangements have also been introduced which enable appropriate staff to be informed, in such a way that medical confidentiality is preserved, of cases in which restrictions have been applied. Other measures taken include guidance on procedures to be followed in the event of incidents involving risk of exposure to infection, and the introduction of arrangements under which health care staff are offered the opportunity to he vaccinated against hepatitis B.
asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department what arrangements exist within his Department, within the central headquarters or in any regional or sub-regional organisation, for dealing with his responsibilities regarding public services or any other function in respect of the Greater London area; and how many full-time equivalent staff are involved in such work.
I have well established consultative and other arrangements for assisting in the discharge of my duties with regard to the various services for which I have responsibility. However, these generally relate to England and Wales as a whole and it would not be possible to identify separately those relating exclusively to Greater London or the numbers of staff which are involved.Seven officials work full-time on duties in connection with my responsibilities for the Metropolitan police. But the police department is organised on a functional basis and all its officials are available to advise me depending on the matter under consideration.
asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department with which Departments and non-departmental bodies his Department, and its related non-departmental public bodies, has consulted during 1986–87 in respect of services provided within Greater London; approximately how often such consultations have taken place; and what issues were discussed.
I regularly consult many other Government Departments and non-departmental bodies in connection with the discharge of my duties; these consultations take place as and when necessary. The Treasury and the Department of the Environment are consulted regularly on aspects of Metropolitan police resources. It would be possible to provide the other detailed information requested only at disproportionate expense.
|Number of offences|
|Gross personal violence to inmate:|
|Referred to police||16||29||31||21||22|
|Adjudication not completed||2||2||1||1||—|
|Attempted gross personal violence:|
|Referred to police||—||—||—||—||7|
|Adjudication not completed||—||—||—||—||—|
|Assault on inmate:|
|Referred to police||7||11||16||12||26|
|Adjudication not completed||10||11||9||10||13|
|Referred to police||—||—||—||—||1|
|Adjudication not completed||—||—||—||—||—|
asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department whether there are any proposals to change the arrangements for discharging his Department's responsibilities regarding public services or any other function in respect of the Greater London area during the forthcoming year.
Airports (Passport Checking)
asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department (1) if he has any plans to include airlines in the bodies authorised to inspect intending passenger passports;(2) if he has any plans to introduce legislation to allow airlines the right to inspect passports of intending passengers.
Airlines are already able to examine the documents of passengers leaving the United Kingdom on their flights. We have no plans to introduce legislation for this purpose.
asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many attacks there have been by one prisoner on another in any penal establishment in each of the last five years.
Information is not available in the form requested. The following table relates to adjudications in prison department establishments in each of the years 1981 to 1985 where an inmate was charged with an offence of gross personal violence to another inmate, or of assault upon another inmate, or with an attempt to commit such an offence.
Corresponding figures for 1986 are not at present available.
asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many rate defaulters have been sent to prison in each of the last 10 years; and what were the average maximum and minimum sentences.
Information on the number of persons received on committal by magistrates' courts in default of
|Persons received into Prison Department establishments in England and Wales on committal for non payment of rates: by length of committal and type of court 1975, 1980 and 1985|
|Number of persons1|
|Length of committal||Magistrates' courts||County courts||Magistrates' courts||County courts||Magistrates' courts||County courts|
|Up to one week||2||4||6||—||9||1|
|Over one up to two weeks||22||15||33||3||38||3|
|Over two up to three weeks||11||1||12||1||30||2|
|Over three weeks up to one month||58||4||120||2||115||3|
|Over one up to two months||93||1||95||—||83||—|
|Over two up to three months||117||—||152||1||78||1|
|Over three up to six months||11||—||1||—||1||—|
|Over six months||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|1 Based on information recorded centrally, which is approximate. Checking of individual cases would involve disproportionate cost.|
South West Africa People's Organisation
asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department whether he has received any complaints in the last year concerning Oxfam's alleged support in the United Kingdom of the South West Africa People's Organisation.
Correspondence has recently been received mentioning a possible link between Oxfam and the South West Africa People's Organisation. This is being considered by the Charity Commission.
Charities (Political Activities)
asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department whether he has received any complaints concerning the alleged political activities of charities, and of Oxfam in particular.
Such complaints are received from time to time. They are a matter for the Charity Commission which has issued detailed guidelines on political activities by charities.
payment of rates in each of the last 11 years is published annually in "Prison Statistics England and Wales" (table 6·2 of the latest volume, for 1985, Cmnd. 9903). The following table gives details of the length of committal of those received in 1975, 1980 and 1985 on committal by all courts. Further information could be supplied only at disproportionate cost. Data for 1986 are not yet available.
asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department in how many cases since 1983 he has refused to accept a recommendation from an adjudicator that he reconsider an application outside the immigration rules.
Whenever an adjudicator makes such a recommendation, the case is always fully and carefully reconsidered. Any decision riot to exercise the use of discretion in an appellant's favour outside the immigration rules is taken at a senior level in the immigration department or, where appropriate or where an hon. Member has made representations on the appellant's behalf, at ministerial level. Statistics of the outcome of such cases are not separately maintained.
Mr John Fleming
asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department if he will take steps to seek to secure the extradition from the United States of Mr. John Fleming; and if he will make a statement.
Mr. Fleming was deported from the United States to this country on 26 March.
asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department what discussions he has had with, and what advice was received from, the Data Protection Registrar relating to the accessibility of fingerprints held on police computers; and if he will make a statement.
None. We are satisfied that the arrangements for access to fingerprint images held on police computers comply with the Data Protection Act 1984.
asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department what discussions he has had with, and what advice was received from, the Data Protection Registrar in relation to the proposed new police computers; and if he has any plans to amend the Data Protection Act in consequence.
None. Police computer systems are subjects to the provisions of the Data Protection Act 1984 and any new application on the police national computer (or any other police computer which contains personal data) will be registered, as appropriate, under the Act.
Animal Procedures Committee
asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department if he will now announce the composition of the Animal Procedures Committee under the Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act 1986.
I have now appointed the Animal Procedures Committee under section 19 of the Animals (Scientific Procedures) At 1986, acting jointly with the Department of Health and Social Services for Northern Ireland under section 29 of the Act. The new committee replaces my non-statutory Advisory Committee on Animal Experiments. I am most grateful to all who served on the advisory committee for the invaluable advice they have given to successive Home Secretaries, and to a number of its members for agreeing to join the Animal Procedures Committee, which has been appointed as follows:
- Professor D. G. T. Williams (Chairman), Rouse Ball Professor of English Law and President of Wolfson College, Cambridge.
- Dr. Michael Balls, Reader in Medical Cell Biology, Nottingham University and Chairman of the Trustees of th Fund for the Replacement of Animals in Medical Experiments.
- Mr. Edward Bernard FIAT, Oxford Laboratory Animal Colonies, Bicester.
- Mr. Jason Brice, Consultant Neurosurgeon.
- Dr. Roger Brimblecombe, Vice President of Smith, Kline and French Laboratories.
- Mr. Henry Carter, Veterinary Surgeon.
- Dr. Charles Coid, Head of Division of Comparative Medicine, Clinical Research Centre, Northwick Park, Harrow.
- Professor Anthony Dayan, Professor of Toxicology, St. Bartholomew's Hospital Medical College.
- Professor Gordon Dunstan, formerly Professor of Moral Theology, King's College, London.
- Mr. Roger Ewbank, Director of the Universities Federation for Animal Welfare.
- Mr. T. G. Field-Fisher, QC, Chairman of RSPCA Legal Committee.
- Dr. Judith Hampson, formerly Animal Experimentation Officer of the RSPCA, now freelance Consultant.
- Mr. Clive Hollands, Secretary to the Committee for the Reform of Animal Experimentation.
- Sir Andrew Huxley OM FRS, Master of Trinity College, Cambridge.
- Professor Sheila Jennett, Professor of Physiology, Glasgow University.
- Dr. John Ledingham, Reader in Medicine, Oxford University.
- Dr. Brian Newbould, Research Director of ICI Pharmaceuticals.
- Professor Lawson Soulsby, Professor of Animal Pathology, Cambridge University and past-President of the Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons.
- Professor Peter Venables, Professor of Psychology at York University.
asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department what representations he has received on his Department's recently published crime statistics.
A number of letters from members of the public have been received in the Department about the latest statistics. Figures are, however, not readily available.
Channel Islands (Defence And International Representation)
asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department what has been the response of the island authorities of Jersey and Guernsey to the Government's request for the islands to make voluntary annual contributions towards the costs of defence and international representation undertaken by the United Kingdom.
I am pleased to announce that both Jersey and Guernsey have responded positively to the request.As from 1 April 1987, Guernsey will assume from Her Majesty's Government the responsibility for the maintenance of the Alderney breakwater (completed in 1865 to shelter the British fleet, make an annual contribution towards the cost of maintaining the Royal Naval port headquarters in Guernsey and remit fees collected for the issue of passports in Guernsey, in all amounting to approximately £700,000 in 1987–88.In determining the form of its contribution, Jersey has voted to establish on the island a Territoral Army unit whose costs it will bear. Detailed discussions on the feasibility of this are being undertaken urgently between representatives of the Jersey States and the Ministry of Defence. In the interim, Jersey has made a cash contribution of £800,000.Agreement has also been reached with both island authorities that they should pay the costs of international representation undertaken by the United Kingdom specifically on the islands' behalf.
asked the Secretary of State for Energy with which individuals and organisations he has had consultations about the recommendations of the Waddilove report on subsidence damage.
My right hon. Friend and I have consulted colleagues in other Government Departments, the National Farmers Union and British Coal. We have also received written representations from a range of individuals and interested organisations.
asked the Secretary of State for Social Services what was the total amount paid out in state benefits, including mortgage interest relief, to people earning more than (a) the national average wage and (b) two thirds of the national average wage at the latest date for which figures are available.
In 1985–86, the estimated cost of mortgage interest relief in the United Kingdom to people with taxable incomes above two thirds average gross adult male full-time earnings (£130) was £4 billion. About £3 billion of this was to people with taxable incomes above average earnings (£195). On the same income basis, the corresponding social security expenditures in Great Britain were £7·2 billion and £3·9 billion in 1985.
asked the Secretary of State for Social Services if he has any plans to raise the level of the amount of charitable income that can be disregarded for supplementary benefit purposes.
We have no plans to raise the level of the amount of charitable income that can be disregarded for supplementary benefit purposes. However, we shall be putting forward proposals to increase the amount of any voluntary or charitable payment that can be disregarded in the new income support scheme from April 1988 from £4 to £5 a week. The disregard level will apply also to the new housing benefit and family credit schemes.
asked the Secretary of State for Social Services whether he will publish in the Official Report a table showing for tables 5.14 and 5.15 of the latest issue of "Social Trends" the median figure for gross earnings on the horizontal axis and the actual figures and percentages for each category on the vertical axis at that level of earnings.
The information is as follows:
|Median earnings1 £||Total income support2 £||Replacement ratio3 percentage|
|Single person (householder)||187||100·06||30|
|Married couple with one child (aged 3)||187||112·17||56|
|Married couple with two children (aged 4 and 6)||187||117·52||64|
|Married couple with three children (aged 3, 8, 11)||187||124·62||74|
|Married couple with four children (aged 3, 8, 11, and 16)||187||131·72||86|
|Single person with one child (aged 3)||125||78·33||56|
|1 Estimated median earnings at July 1986 for:|
|adult male full-time employees for all family types except single person plus child|
|adult, female full-time employees for single person plus child.|
|2 Net income (including the value of benefits in kind) less housing costs and travel to work expenses— referred to as "net weekly spending power" in Social Trends.|
|3 Total income support (TIS) out of work and receiving supplementary benefit as a percentage of TIS in work.|
Mentally Ill And Mentally Handicapped People
asked the Secretary of State for Social Services how many places there are in local authority homes and hostels for mentally ill and mentally handicapped people.
The Department's booklets "Homes and Hostels for the Mentally Ill and the Mentally Handicapped", copies of which have been placed in the Library, give the number of places provided for mentally ill and mentally handicapped people in homes and hostels provided by local authority social services departments at 31 March each year. The latest available figures, for 31 March 1985, are 4,363 places for mentally ill people and 15,152 places for mentally handicapped people.The hon. Member will be aware that the great majority of mentally ill people who are living in the community live in ordinary family homes. Others have their home in housing, including group homes, provided by local authority housing departments. We cannot give figures as these are not identified in central statistics. Mentally handicapped people similarly live in a range of alternative forms of housing, including small NHS units in the community.
asked the Secretary of State for Social Services if he will list in the Official Report the number of deaths in England and Wales from each form of cancer, broken down for men and women, for each of the last 10 years up to the latest year for which figures are available.
The information is contained in table 2 of the OPCS annual volume "Mortality Statistics—cause", England and Wales, series DH2 (Her Majesty's Stationery Office). Copies for each year 1976–84 inclusive can be found in the Library. The figures for 1985 are shown in the table.
|ICD||Cause of Death||All ages|
|140–149||Malignant neoplasm of lip, oral cavity and pharynx||M||1,003|
|140||Malignant neoplasm of lip||M||23|
|141||Malignant neoplasm of tongue||M||229|
|142||Malignant neoplasm of major salivary glands||M||88|
|143||Malignant neoplasm of gum||M||58|
|144||Malignant neoplasm of floor of mouth||M||66|
|145||Malignant neoplasm of other and unspecified parts of mouth||M||115|
|146||Malignant neoplasm of oropharynx||M||128|
|147||Malignant neoplasm of nasopharynx||M||82|
|148||Malignant neoplasm of hypopharynx||M||127|
|149||Malignant neoplasm of other and ill-defined sites within the lip, oral cavity and pharynx||M||87|
|150–159||Malignant neoplasm of digestive organs and peritoneum||M||21,478|
|150||Malignant neoplasm of oesophagus||M||2,719|
|151||Malignant neoplasm of stomach||M||5,922|
|152||Malignant neoplasm of small intestine, including duodenum||M||130|
|153||Malignant neoplasm of colon||M||4,923|
|154||Malignant neoplasm of rectum, rectosigmoid junction and anus||M||3,289|
|155||Malignant neoplasm of liver and intrahepatic bile ducts||M||680|
|156||Malignant neoplasm of gallbladder and extrahepatic bile ducts||M||329|
|157||Malignant neoplasm of pancreas||M||3,063|
|158||Malignant neoplasm of retroperitoneum and peritoneum||M||109|
|159||Malignant neoplasm of other and ill-defined sites within the digestive organs and peritoneum||M||314|
|160–165||Malignant neoplasm of respiratory and intrathoracic organs||M||27,124|
|160||Malignant neoplasm of nasal cavities, middle ear and accessory sinuses||M||100|
|161||Malignant neoplasm of larynx||M||669|
|162||Malignant neoplasm of trachea, bronchus and lung||M||25,994|
|163||Malignant neoplasm of pleura||M||325|
|164||Malignant neoplasm of thymus, heart and mediastinum||M||34|
|165||Other malignant neoplasms within the respiratory system and intrathoracic organs||M||2|
|170–175||Malignant neoplasm of bone, connective tissue, skin and breast||M||1,206|
Cause of Death
|170||Malignant neoplasm of bone and articular cartilage||M||153|
|171||Malignant neoplasm of connective and other soft tissue||M||256|
|172||Malignant melanoma of skin||M||455|
|173||Other malignant neoplasm of skin||M||263|
|174||Malignant neoplasm of female breast||F||13,513|
|175||Malignant neoplasm of male breast||M||79|
|179–189||Malignant neoplasm of genitourinary organs||M||11,451|
|179||Malignant neoplasm of uterus, part unspecified||F||517|
|180||Malignant neoplasm of cervix uteri||F||1,957|
|181||Malignant neoplasm of placenta||F||2|
|182||Malignant neoplasm of body of uterus||F||1,018|
|183||Malignant neoplasm of ovary and other uterine adnexa||F||3,843|
|184||Malignant neoplasm of other and unspecified female genital organs||F||540|
|185||Malignant neoplasm of prostate||M||6,628|
|186||Malignant neoplasm of testis||M||112|
|187||Malignant neoplasm of penis and other male genital organs||M||129|
|188||Malignant neoplasm of bladder||M||3,251|
|189||Malignant neoplasm of kidney and other and unspecified urinary organs||M||1,331|
|190–199||Malignant neoplasm of other and unspecified sites||M||6,506|
|191||Malignant neoplasm of brain||M||1,472|
|192||Malignant neoplasm of other and unspecified parts of nervous system||M||18|
|193||Malignant neoplasm of thyroid gland||M||106|
|194||Malignant neoplasm of other endocrine glands and related structures||M||65|
|195||Malignant neoplasm of other and ill-defined sites||M||172|
|199||Malignant neoplasm without specification of site||M||4,591|
|200–208||Malignant neoplasm of lymphatic and haematopoietic tissue||M||4,716|
|200||Lymphosarcoma and reticulosarcoma||M||131|
|202||Other malignant neoplasm of lymphoid and histiocytic tissue||M||1,345|
|203||Multiple myeloma and immunoproliferative neoplasms||M||1,019|
|207||Other specified leukaemia||M||28|
|208||Leukaemia of unspecified cell type||M||125|
|210||Benign neoplasm of lip, oral cavity and pharynx||M||5|
|211||Benign neoplasm of other parts of digestive system||M||17|
|212||Benign neoplasm of respiratory and intrathoracic organs||M||8|
Cause of Death
|213||Benign neoplasm of bone and articular cartilage||M||1|
|215||Other benign neoplasm of connective and other soft tissue||M||8|
|216||Benign neoplasm of skin||M||4|
|217||Benign neoplasm of breast||M||—|
|219||Other benign neoplasm of uterus||F||2|
|220||Benign neoplasm of ovary||F||19|
|222||Benign neoplasm of male genital organs||M||1|
|223||Benign neoplasm of kidney and other urinary organs||M||2|
|225||Benign neoplasm of brain and other parts of nervous system||M||88|
|226||Benign neoplasm of thyroid gland||M||2|
|227||Benign neoplasm of other endocrine glands and related structures||M||29|
|228||Haemangioma and Lymphangioma, any site||M||14|
|229||Benign neoplasm of other and unspecified sites||M||2|
|230–234||Carcinoma in situ||M||1|
|230||Carcinoma in situ of digestive organs||M||1|
|232||Carcinoma in situ of skin||M||—|
|233||Carcinoma in situ of breast and genitourinary system||M||—|
|235–238||Neoplasms of uncertain behaviour||M||225|
|235||Neoplasm of uncertain behaviour of digestive and respiratory systems||M||31|
|236||Neoplasm of uncertain behaviour of genitourinary organs||M||11|
|237||Neoplasm of uncertain behaviour of endocrine glands and nervous system||M||38|
|238||Neoplasm of uncertain behaviour of other and unspecified sites and tissues||M||145|
|239||Neoplasm of unspecified nature||M||429|
Disabled Persons (Services, Consultation And Representation) Act 1986
asked the Secretary of State for Social Services how many representations he has received in the current year concerning the implementations of the Disabled Persons Act 1986.
Since the beginning of 1987, 60 written representations have been received from organisations or individuals relating to implementation of the Disabled Persons (Services, Consultation and Representation) Act 1986. I also met representatives of the local authority associations on 24 February to discuss a number of issues relating to the implementation of the Act and today, at their request, I met members of the steering group of major disability organisations which has been set up to monitor implementation.
asked the Secretary of State for Social Services (1) what financial assistance has been given from central Government funds for the capital costs of the installation of fluoridation plants following the passage of the Water (Fluoridation) Act 1985;(2) what additional public expenditure has arisen from the Water (Fluoridation) Act 1985.
There has been no additional public expenditure arising from the passage of the Water (Fluoridation) Act 1985. The Department has continued to provide some financial assistance to health authorities with the capital costs of fluoridation schemes that were agreed prior to 1985, as it has done since 1975. In the financial year 1985–86 this assistance amounted to £285,000 and to £262,000 in the current financial year.
asked the Secretary of State for Social Services if he will estimate the cost in a full year at 1987–88 rates of (a) increasing the state pension by £5 per week for single and £8 for married persons, respectively, and (b) increasing supplementary benefits for pensioners between mid-December and the end of March by £5 per week to cover fuel bills.
The estimated cost (a) of increasing the state pension (retirement, invalidity and widow's pension, supplementary pension and the linked needs allowance for housing benefit) by £5 a week for single and £8 a week for married persons would be £2·7 billion in a full year, (b) of paying £5 a week between mid-December and the end of March to those pensioners currently receiving supplementary benefit would be £150 million; there could also be a substantial extra cost in respect of other pensioners who would then become entitled to supplementary pension during the winter months.
asked the Secretary of State for Social Services whether he has any plans to review the criteria for eligibility to Motability; and if he will make a statement.
Motability is an independent voluntary organsiation set up in 1977 with Government support, specifically to help disabled people in receipt of mobility allowance to exchange the cash benefit for a vehicle.In view of Motability's independent status any review of the criteria for eligibility under the scheme would be essentially a matter for Motability itself in conjuction with the Department which meets the organisation's administration expenses. There are, however, no plans for such a review at present.
Benefits (Age Limit)
asked the Secretary of State for Social Services what information he has about the age at which young people are entitled to claim social security payments on their own behalf in (a) the United Kingdom and (b) other OECD countries.
In all countries social security payments under contributory benefits schemes depend primarily on the individual's contribution record, which is normally a function of length of time in covered employment. The minimum age for the payment of contributions to the United Kingdom national insurance scheme is 16.Payment of non-contributory benefits is much more various. The age at which child allowance ceases ranges between 16 and 27 in the countries referred to, and is linked with the status—student, trainee or other—of the young person. This clearly influences the age at which social welfare payments can be made available to the young person on his own behalf. There may in any case be a gap between the end of the child allowance and entitlement (if any) to welfare payments during which a young person is still considered dependent on his parents. In some countries (for example, United States of America, Denmark, Germany, the Netherlands, Switzerland) young people without dependants have no entitlement to social welfare payments.In the United Kingdom child benefit continues to age 19 if the young person is in non-advanced education. Young people aged over 16 are eligible to claim supplementary benefit in their own right from fixed dates at the end of the holiday following the term in which they complete their full-time non-advanced education.
asked the Secretary of State for Social Services what has been total National Health Service spending in monetary and real terms annually since 1974 (a) nationally, (b) for the Wessex regional health authority area and (c) following reorganisation, for the Portsmouth and Southampton district health authority areas; and if he will provide a breakdown of these figures between capital and revenue expenditure in each case.
I shall let my hon. Friend have a reply as soon as possible.
asked the Secretary of State for Social Services (1) whether any consideration is being given to amending supplementary benefit regulations for people aged over 50 years to allow higher part-time earnings before supplementary benefit is reduced; and if he will make a statement;(2) if he will estimate the cost of raising the earnings limit to £20 per week for people aged over 50 years, before supplementary benefit is reduced; how many people he estimates would benefit; and if he will make a statement.
We have no present plans to increase the amount that people, including those aged over 50, can earn before supplementary benefit is reduced. To increase the limit to £20 for all those in this age group including those who are already receiving supplementary benefit would give increased entitlement to some 35,000 people at a cost of £20 million a year. We do not have a reliable estimate of the number who might be brought into entitlement or what the additional cost might be.For the future we have announced proposals for changes in the levels of disregards of earnings in the income support scheme that replaces supplementary benefit from April 1988. The standard disregard would be increased from £4 to £5 a week although the separate disregard of work expenses would end. There would be a higher disregard of £15 a week for couples who have been unemployed two years, lone parents and those qualifying for the disability premium.
Social Security Advisory Committee (Report)
asked the Secretary of State for Social Services when the Social Security Advisory Committee will be publishing its next annual report.
I understand that the Social Security Advisory Committee's Fifth Report is being published today. Copies are available in the Vote Office.
Cervical And Breast Cancer Screening
asked the Secretary of State for Social Services what further action he is taking to ensure the effective implementation of the Government's policies for cervical and breast cancer screening.
I have asked Sir Roy Griffiths, deputy chairman of the NHS management board, to lead a small team whose task will be to oversee the implementation of the Government's policy on cervical and breast cancer screening.Sir Roy and his team will be working with health authorities and family practitioner committees to make sure that they have viable plans, not only for installing computerised call and recall systems, but also to improve take-up of screening and to follow up when women do not respond after being called for screening.I shall be asking Sir Roy to make regular reports to me so that I can keep the House informed, particularly about progress towards the target date of 31 March 1988 for the cervical cancer screening service throughout England.
Noise Insulation Regulations 1975
asked the Secretary of State for Transport if he has any plans to amend the Noise Insulation Regulations 1975; and if he will make a statement.
Later this year we will be laying before the House a minor amendment to the Noise Insulation Regulations in the form of a revision of the 1975 edition of "Calculation of Road Traffic Noise". This technical memorandum is prescribed in regulation 6. It sets out the method and procedure for ascertaining noise levels for the purposes of the regulations.We are considering other possible amendments to the regulations.
National Bus Company
asked the Secretary of State for Transport what information he has about the sale prices of National Bus Company subsidiaries sold off so far.
The prices obtained for individual National Bus Company subsidiaries are confidential while sales are in progress. A report will be made to the House in due course on the aggregate proceeds of sale.
asked the Secretary of State for Transport if he will make a statement on the proposed opening date of the Witchford bypass.
Witchford lies on the A142 principal road. It is for Cambridgeshire county council, as highway authority, to determine when a bypass should be built and opened.
asked the Secretary of State for Transport if he will state the number of deaths and serious injuries on the roads in the last year in Cambridgeshire and Suffolk, respectively.
Road accident information for 1986 will not be available before May 1987. The local authorities concerned may have provisional estimates and my hon. Friend may wish to get in touch with them. Data for 1985 can be found in "Road Accidents Great Britain 1985". A copy is in the Library.
London Underground (Accidents)
asked the Secretary of State for Transport how many reported accidents have occurred during the past 12 months on trains without guards on the London Transport underground system.
Excluding minor injury accidents (which are reported on bulk returns and cannot be related to specific trains or lines) there have been no reported accidents on these trains during the past 12 months.
Exeter-Exmouth Relief Road
asked the Secretary of State for Transport what steps he is taking to bring forward the construction of the new Exeter to Exmouth relief road.
The improvement of the A376 Exeter-Exmouth route is a matter for Devon county council as local highway authority.
asked the Secretary of State for Transport which existing construction and United Kingdom regulations apply to community transport vehicles used for conveying wheelchair-bound passengers; if he intends to introduce fresh regulations applying only to new vehicles of this type; and if he will make a statement.
Following the recent consultation with interested organisations we shall shortly be issuing a new code of practice on the carriage of passengers in wheelchairs on buses. This new code makes no distinction between community transport vehicles, public service vehicles and private vehicles. It represents the best advice available on how to secure people in wheelchairs on buses. There are no plans to make special regulations for vehicles used to carry people in wheelchairs.
Channel Tunnel Roads (War Cemeteries)
asked the Secretary of State for Transport what representations he has received concerning the implications for British war graves in France of the routes proposed for the construction of certain new roads for Channel tunnel traffic; and what reply he has made.
My Department has received two representations on this subject. This is primarily a matter for the French Government, but my understanding is that proposals for new roads connected with the Channel tunnel project could not conceivably affect British war cemeteries in northern France.
Road Assessment Studies (London)
asked the Secretary of State for Transport (1) if he will list those organisations he has asked to comment on the terms of reference of stage 2 of the road assessment studies for London;(2) when he intends to publish the first terms of reference of the stage 2 consultation of the road assessment studies for London.
All 20 local authorities in the study areas are being consulted and the organisations listed have been asked for their views by 19 June. We will also consider comments from anyone else. The final terms of reference will be published once we have considered comments received.
- Association of London Authorities
- Automobile Association
- British Airports Authority
- British Rail
- British Road Federation
- Campaign to Improve London's Transport
- Confederation of British Industry
- Freight Transport Association
- Friends of the Earth Ltd.
- Institution of Civil Engineers
- Institution of Highways and Transportation
- London Amenity and Transport Association
- London Boroughs Association
- London Centre for Transport and Planning
- London Chamber of Commerce and Industry
- London Cycling Campaign
- London Docklands Development Corporation
- London Planning Advisory Committee
- London Regional Transport
- London and South East Regional Planning Committee
- London Taxi Drivers Association
- Metropolitan Police
- Pedestrians Association
- Road Haulage Association
- Royal Automobile Club
- Royal Society for the Prevention of Accidents
- Standing Advisory Committee on Trunk Road Assessment
- Transport 2000
asked the Secretary of State for Transport what reply he is making to the Greater Manchester passenger transport authority's application for section 56 grant towards the cost of a rail link to Manchester airport; and if he will make a statement.
asked the Secretary of State for Transport when he expects to have completed his consideration of the application for section 56 grant-aid for the Manchester airport rail link; and if he will make a statement.
The PTA's application, which I requested in December, was sent to me on 10 March. It does not deal with a number of key issues, such as the way in which is proposed to share the costs and revenues of the project, and the economic benefits which are claimed to justify the scheme.I have written today to the chairman of Greater Manchester PTA pointing out these deficiencies and proposing an early meeting between officials to consider the further work which is required.
Education And Science
asked the Secretary of State for Education and Science if he will estimate the cost of reducing by one year the age of independence for student grants.
The estimated cost of reducing the age of independence to 24 is £3 million.
asked the Secretary of State for Education and Science what information he has about the percentage of the higher education budget that is allocated to student maintenance in (a) the United Kingdom and (b) other OECD countries.
I shall write to my hon. Friend.
asked the Secretary of State for Education and Science what information he has about the percentage of students in higher education who are living other than in the parental home in (a) the United Kingdom and (b) other OECD countries.
I shall reply as soon as possible.
asked the Secretary of State for Education and Science what proportion of three-year-old and what proportion of four-year-old children receive nursery education.
The proportion of three-year-old children receiving education in maintained nursery schools and in nursery classes in maintained primary schools in England in January 1986 was 32 per cent. The corresponding proportion for four-year-olds was 14 per cent. since the majority of this age group are in infant classes.
asked the Secretary of State for Education and Science if he will publish a table showing the number of classes and of pupils in classes of more than 35 pupils for each year since 1979.
The number of classes with more than 35 pupils and the number of pupils in these classes in maintained primary and secondary schools in England each year since 1979 is given in the table. The analyses are in respect of classes taught by one teacher on a specified period on the day of the census count in January of each year. The figures may not be representative of the pattern of classes over the academic year as a whole.
|January each year||One teacher classes with more than 35 pupils||Pupils in these classes|
asked the Secretary of State for Education and Science (1) how the population of total public expenditure devoted to the education budget in Britain compares with other Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development countries;(2) how the proportion of gross domestic product spent on the education budget compares with the proportion spent in other Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development countries.
The readily available information is shown in the following table.
|Total educational expenditure|
|Country||Year||As percentage of gross national product1||As percentage of total government expenditure1|
|United States of America||1981||6·7||..|
|1Sources: UNESCO Statistical Yearbook 1986, 1985, 1984.|
|2 Expenditure of the Ministry of Education only.|
|3 Metropolitan France.|
|4 Expenditure of Central Government only.|
asked the Secretary of State for Education and Science what has been the expenditure per pupil on books and equipment, in cash and constant prices, each year since 1978–79.
The information requested is given in the following table.
|Expenditure per pupil on books and equipment Primary and Secondary Schools (England)|
|Cash terms||Real terms (1984–85 prices)|
Real terms (1984–85 prices)
Note: The cash figures for the earlier years have been repriced to 1984–85 prices using the Gross Domestic Product (Market Prices) Deflator.
City Technology Colleges
asked the Secretary of State for Education and Science if any further companies have been approached by his Department to fund city technology colleges; and how many companies have now expressed a willingness to provide funding.
The Department has made no entirely fresh approaches to companies since I replied to the hon. Member on 27 February, at column 424, although further progress has been made with some of those which were already discussing the proposals. The answer which I then gave, that I would not confirm offers of support for city technology colleges until sponsors were ready to make their decision public, is still the case.
Official Forms (Welsh Language)
asked the Chancellor of the Exchequer if he will take steps to ensure that the form, "Stamps L(A) 451," used by Companies House in relation to the conveyancing of land, will now be made available generally in the Welsh language and used automatically in all cases where inquiries are received in Welsh, or where a desire to fill in this form in Welsh is indicated; and if he will make a statement.
There has been very little demand for this particular Revenue form in Welsh and the expense of producing one would not appear to be justified. Purchasers may give the particulars required by section 28 Finance Act 1931 in Welsh if they so choose.
Government Data Network
asked the Chancellor of the Exchequer what discussions he has had with, and what advice was received from, the Data Protection Registrar in relation to the Government data network.
Preliminary discussions with the Data Protection Registrar took place in September last year. A copy of the service requirement for the network was sent to the Registrar in January. He has agreed to advise and assist in relating the operating procedures of the proposed network to the requirements of the Data Protection Act 1984.
Growth And Manufacturing Output
asked the Chancellor of the Exchequer what has been (a) the average rate of growth for the United Kingdom and (b) the average rate of growth in manufacturing output in the United Kingdom for the period 1980 to 1986; and what are the comparable figures in the other members of the G7 group.
[pursuant to his reply, 30 March 1987, c. 394–95]: The information requested is set out in the table.
|Output growth in the G7 countries, 1980 to 1986 (Annual average growth rates, in per cent.)|
|United States of America||2·4||3·0|
|1 At market prices.|
|2 Includes OECD forecast for 1986.|
|3 Up to third quarter 1986.|
Source: OECD 'Main Economic Indicators March 1987' 'National Accounts, Volume 1, 1987', CSO 'Economic Trends'.
asked the Chancellor of the Exchequer whether he will publish in the Official Report a table showing for the years 1975, 1979 and 1985 the information given in tables 11.5 and 11.6 of the 1986 edition of the "United Kingdom National Accounts" in terms of 1980 prices.
[pursuant to his reply, 30 March 1987, c. 396]: Figures of capital consumption and net domestic fixed capital formation, both at constant 1980 prices, are as follows. Sectoral analyses at constant prices are not available for years up to 1978.
|Capital consumption at 1980 prices|
|Other fixed assets|
|All fixed assets|
|Net domestic fixed capital formation at 1980 prices|
Other fixed assets
All fixed assets
asked the Chancellor of the Exchequer whether he will publish in the Official Report a table showing for the years 1975, 1979 and 1985 the information for all fixed assets in table 10.3 of the 1986 edition of the "United Kingdom National Accounts" in terms of 1980 prices.
[pursuant to his reply, 30 March 1987, c. 396]: Figures of gross domestic fixed capital formation at constant 1980 prices are as follows. For years up to 1978 only a broad sector analysis of gross domestic fixed capital is available at constant prices. For recent years, from 1979 onwards, slightly more detailed sectoral analyses are available.
|Gross domestic fixed capital formation at 1980 prices all fixed assets|
|Personal sector Companies||24,138||9,829||11,702|
asked the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland from what source the extra dairy quota for each of the contending parties in W. and C. Millar versus J. K. Lynn was made available; and on what legal authority it was allocated.
Extra quota is to be made available to W. and C. Millar only. The quota is to be allocated on an extra statutory basis from the regional reserve.
National Pay Agreements
asked the Paymaster General what is his assessment of the implications for (a) the level of migration from one part of the United Kingdom to another and (b) the level of emigration from the United Kingdom of abolishing national pay agreements.
The ending of national pay agreements will enable employers to pay rates of pay that can be afforded by them and are necessary to recruit and retain staff of the required quality in their own locality. This should help to speed up the growth of employment and reduce regional disparities in unemployment, but I do not believe that it would have any discernible effect on migration or emigration.
asked the Paymaster General if he will make the gathering of information on ethnic origins compulsory, and publish the percentage of entrants to his Department who failed to respond to the ethnic origins questionnaire.
Responsibility for the arrangements for ethnic monitoring in the Civil Service lies with the Management and Personnel Office and these are covered in the reply given by my right hon. Friend the Prime Minister on 24 March, at column 98. In the period 1 October 1985 to 31 December 1986, 19·4 per cent. of new entrants to my Department failed to respond either to the ethnic origin questionnaire or a reminder.
asked the Paymaster General what proportion of the entrants to the community programme in the 12 months to October 1986 and December 1986 were (a) assigned to full-time places, (b) men, (c) single, (d) aged over 25 years, (e) unemployed for over 12 months and (f) formerly benefit claimants.
The information requested is given in the table.
|12 months to October 1986||12 months to December 1986|
|Number||Per cent.||Number||Per cent.|
|(a) Full time||40,440||13·4||40,270||13·1|
|(d) Over age 25||110,153||36·5||114,662||37·3|
|(e) Unemployed over 12 months||174,737||57·9||179,217||58·3|
|(f) (i) Former benefit claimants in direct receipt of benefit||290,624||96·3||295,723||96·2|
|(f) (ii) Former benefit claimants indirectly in receipt of benefit||6,215||2·0||6,348||2·0|
asked the Paymaster General how many community programme filled places were taken by community programme national initiatives in each category, crime, energy, CRS, FCI, NGF, UK2000 tourism for each Manpower Services Commission region at the most recent date.
The information requested is as follows:
Community Refurbishment Scheme
Farm and Country-side
National Garden Festival
|Yorkshire and Humberside||598||607||177||477||—||46||1,177||3,082|
asked the Paymaster General how much money has been paid in unemployment benefit to people on the community programme to date.
Unemployment benefit is not payable to people working full time on the community programme; in general, those working part time have not been eligible for unemployment benefit because they were regarded as working to their full normal extent. However, they may have qualified for other benefits.Information about benefits paid to people in part-time work is not available because such claims are not separately identified in the central computer records.
asked the Paymaster General if he will publish a table based on the 1984 and 1985 labour force
|People without jobs looking for a job in the four week reference period1 who were available to start work within two weeks Great Britain|
|Spring 1984||Spring 1985||Spring 1984||Spring 1985||Spring 1984||Spring 1985|
|Total, Great Britain of which:||1,838||1,788||1,256||1,180||3,094||2,968|
|(including Greater London)||(202)||(189)||(159)||(135)||(361)||(324)|
|Yorks and Humberside||175||184||114||118||289||303|
|Note: The figures, from the labour force survey, are subject to sampling errors. In some cases figures may appear not to add because of rounding.|
|1 Including some waiting to start a new job already obtained, as in the definition of unemployment using broad ILO guidelines.|
asked the Paymaster General if he will publish a table, based on the 1985 labour force survey, showing by region including Greater London, and by male and female, the numbers of people who (a) were without jobs and who looked for work in the four weeks before their labour force survey interview and were available to
surveys, for each region in Great Britain and for Greater London, by male/female, and claimant status, the numbers of people who had looked for a job in the four-week reference period, and who were available to start work within two weeks.
The available information by claimant status from the 1984 and 1985 labour force survey is given in the following table. The surveys also showed that 938,000 and 1,080,000 people in 1984 and 1985 respectively were claiming benefits, so counting as unemployed in the monthly count, but either had a job or were not looking for work.It is not possible to provide a reliable analysis of the regional figures by claimant status.start work within two weeks who (i) wanted full-time jobs, (ii) wanted part-time jobs and (iii) who had no preference,
(b) were unemployed according to the standard labour force survey definition who were looking for full-time jobs and the number looking for part-time jobs and the number who had no preference, (c) were in part-time jobs who
were looking for a different job with longer hours or looking for an additional job, (d) were looking for a different job with shorter hours, (e) were claimants not unemployed by the definition using broad International
(a) People without jobs who had looked for work in the previous four weeks3 and were available to start within two weeks.
Great Britain Spring 1985
Full time work
Part time work
Did not apply1
Full time work
Part time work
Did not apply1
Full time work
Part time work
Did not apply1
|(including Greater London)||135||14||20||19||189||54||56||17|
|Yorkshire and Humberside||149|
Note: The figures are subject to sampling errors. In some cases figures may appear not to add because of rounding.
1 Those seeking work as self-employed were not asked whether they wished to work full or part time.
2 Sample size too small to provide a reasonable estimate.
3 Including some waiting to start a new job already obtained, as in the definition of Unemployment using broad ILO guidelines.
(b) People unemployed according to conventional labour force definition
Great Britain Spring 1985
Full time work
Part time work
Did not apply1
Full time work
Part time work
Did not apply1
Full time work
Part time work
Did not apply1
|(including Greater London)||136||12||19||20||187||62||53||18|
|Yorkshire and Humberside||145|
Note: The figures are subject to sampling errors. In some cases figures may appear not to add because of rounding.
1 Those seeking work as self-employed were not asked whether they wished to work full or part time.
2 Sample size too small to provide a reasonable estimate.
3 Including some waiting to start a new job already obtained, as in the definition of Unemployment using broad ILO guidelines.
People in part-time employment Great Britain Spring 1985
(c) Looking for a different job with longer hours or for an
|Great Britain of which||113||243||355|
|(including Greater London)||13||28||40|
|Yorks and Humberside|
Organisation guidelines on the grounds that they were employed, and (f) were claimants not unemployed by the conventional labour force survey definition on the grounds that they were employed.
The available information is given in the following tables.
|1 Sample size too small to provide a reliable analysis of these figures by region.|
|(d) Looking for a different job with shorter hours|
|1 Sample size too small to provide a reliable analysis of these figures by region.|
(e) Employed claimants1
1 Employed according to both broad ILO guidelines and conventional labour force definition.
2 It is not possible to provide a reliable analysis of these figures by region.
Job Training Scheme
asked the Paymaster General under what mechanism he proposes to ensure that claimants refusing, or leaving early, a new job training scheme place will not be subject to reference to the benefit authorities and disqualification from benefit under the provisions of the Social Security Act 1976.
The instructions issued to local offices of my Department, the Manpower Services Commission and the Department of Health and Social Security state that there is no disqualification of benefit for not joining or not completing training under the scheme.
asked the Paymaster General if any recruits to the job training scheme are to be over 25 years of age; and what arrangements will be made to pay a training allowance to those recruits who are not entitled to unemployment benefit or supplementary benefit.
[pursuant to his reply, 30 March 1987, c. 356]: We will he giving priority for places on the job training scheme to those who are under 25 and unemployed for six months or more, but older long-term unemployed people may apply.If trainees did not receive benefit immediately before starting training, but claimed credits for national insurance contributions, they will receive a training allowance whenever a change in their circumstances would have entitled them to benefit had they remained unemployed.
Availability For Work Test
asked the Paymaster General what is the latest estimated number of people who have ceased receiving benefits following the introduction of the availability for work test.
Claimants to unemployment benefits have always been disallowed benefit by independent statutory adjudicating authorities in accordance with long-standing legal rules adopted by successive Governments, when they are not available for work.If the hon. Member is asking how many claims have been disallowed for this reason since we introduced modified procedures to enforce the existing rules, the answer, as at 27 February 1987, was 8,866 claimants nationally, which is 1·1 per cent. of those at the new claims stage.
asked the Paymaster General how many people in the London borough of Hammersmith and Fulham have had their unemployment benefit suspended because of the new availability for work test; and what percentage of the unemployment register in that borough they represent.
Under long-standing legal rules adopted by successive Governments it has always been the practice that wherever a doubt arises as to whether a benefit claimant is available for work, payments are suspended until the independent statutory adjudicating authorities decide entitlement.If the hon. Member is asking how many claims in the London borough of Hammersmith have been suspended in this way since we introduced improved procedures to apply to existing rules, the answer, as at 27 February 1987, is 388 people. This represents 2·6 per cent. of those who have claimed at these offices since the modifications were introduced.
asked the Paymaster General what action has been taken by local unemployment benefit officers to encourage the taking up of alternative benefits, should people prove to be ineligible for unemployment benefit as a result of an availability for work test.
Our improvements in the arrangements for establishing the availability for work of claimants have made it easier for staff in unemployment benefit offices to identify claimants who may be eligible for an alternative social security benefit. We draw the attention of claimants to the existence of such benefits in the explanatory leaflet they each receive and by the posters in benefit offices. Our benefit office staff have been given guidance about those claimants who may be eligible.In addition my Department's new claimant advisers work closely with our local staff and play an important role in advising claimants about all social security benefits, including those which do not require the claimant to be available for work. Where necessary our claimant advisers will help claimants in making their applications.
asked the Paymaster General if he will detail the cost of conducting the availability for work test experiment on the over 50s age group of unemployed; and if he will make a statement on the outcome of the tests and plans for extending them nationwide.
[pursuant to his reply, 30 March 1987, c. 356]: The cost of conducting the improved availability for work test experiment relating to unemployed claimants aged over 50 who sign-on only once a quarter was approximately £3,000.The results of the experiment were inconclusive and we have no present plans to extend the procedure.
asked the Paymaster General of the 445,000 estimated increase in self-employed individuals between 1983 and 1986 how many were previously (a) employees, (b) unemployed, (c) on the youth opportunities programme/youth training scheme, (d) other special employment measures, and (e) economically inactive.
The estimated 445,000 increase in the number of self-employed persons cannot be classified in the way requested, since it represents the net difference between the numbers entering and leaving self-employment between March 1983 and September 1986.The published employed labour force series does not identify the previous situation of those entering self employment. However, the labour force survey provides information on a different basis. Preliminary LFS results for the spring of 1986 estimate that of 2,723,000 self-employed persons in Great Britain at that time the great majority had been self-employed one year previously, while 202,000 had been employees, 85,000 unemployed and 92,000 economically inactive. Because of considerations of sample size it is not possible to provide a reliable estimate of the number who had been on Government employment and training schemes a year earlier.
asked the Paymaster General what steps his Department is taking to promote an increase in the supply of low to medium-cost hotel accommodation in London.
My Department is supporting the initiatives being taken by the English Tourist Board, British Tourist Authority and London Tourist Board to follow up the recommendations in the consultancy study which they commissioned last year on "London's Tourist Accommodation in the 1990s". The English Tourist Board is involved in discussions with hotel operators and financial institutions to encourage them to take up opportunities to develop less expensive types of hotel accommodation in London, particularly in non-central areas. In addition, the London tourism forum is actively considering the need for additional hotel capacity in London and the importance of making adequate provision for this in the planning policies of London boroughs.
asked the Paymaster General what is his Department's estimate of the shortfall in hotel accommodation in the low to medium price bracket in London.
A consultant's report commissioned last year by the English Tourist Board, British Tourist Authority and other sponsors has suggested that while there is no evidence of a current shortage of tourist accommodation in London, there could be a potential overall shortfall of 16,000 to 28,000 rooms by the early 1990s. The ETB estimates that a fairly high proportion of these could be in the low and medium price range.
asked the Paymaster General what discussions he has had with (a) the British Tourist Authority, (b) the English Tourist Board and (c) the London Visitors' Convention Bureau on the lack of budget class hotels in the capital.
Officials of my Department are in regular contact with all these boards about the measures they are taking to encourage an increase in the supply of London's hotel accommodation so that it is capable of meeting the full range of future tourist demand, including that for low and medium price hotel rooms.
asked the Paymaster General what information he has as to how many beds in (a) one, (b) two, (c) three, (d) four and (e) five star hotels are now available in the central London areas and as to how this compares with five and 10 years ago.
Neither the English Tourist Board nor the London Tourist Board keeps comprehensive information on the numbers or grades of hotel bedrooms in different areas of London. The information requested is therefore not available.
asked the Paymaster General if he is now able to state when he expects his study on Workfare to be completed; and if he will publish the results.
I understand that the research study on Workfare by the employment research centre of the University of Buckingham is almost complete, and that the employment research centre expects to publish the results in the near future.
Enterprise Allowance Scheme
asked the Paymaster General whether he will now arrange for public access to lists of businesses in each Manpower Services Commission board with authority receiving support under the enterprise allowance scheme.
I have no plans to allow public access to lists of businesses supported under the enterprise allowance scheme. Disclosure of this information would require the individual agreement of all participants in the scheme and lists would be administratively expensive to compile and maintain.
asked the Paymaster General how many people other than those from ethnic minorities have been recruited on to the Nottingham panel of the Industrial Tribunals Board over the last nine years for which figures are available.
There have been 38 people other than those from ethnic minorities who have been recruited on to the Nottingham panel of industrial tribunals since 1982, the first year for which figures are readily available.
asked the Paymaster General how many people from ethnic minorities now sit on the Nottingham panel of the Industrial Tribunals Board: and how many people sit on that panel who are not members of ethnic minorities.
There is one panel member on the Nottingham Industrial Tribunals Board who is from the ethnic minorities out of a total membership of 96. One other person from an ethnic minority has recently accepted an invitation to serve.
asked the Paymaster General what area is now covered by the Nottingham panel of the Industrial Tribunals Board; and what is the estimated population of that area.
The area covered by the Nottingham panel of the Industrial Tribunals Board includes Leicestershire; Nottinghamshire except for Bassetlaw; Derbyshire except for High Peak, Bolsover, Chesterfield and north east Derbyshire; east Staffordshire in Staffordshire; Lincolnshire except for West Lindsey and East Lindsey, Lincoln and North Kesteven; and Corby and Kettering in Northamptonshire. The population is estimated at some 3 million.
asked the Paymaster General how many applications he has received from people from eithnic minorities and from people who are not from ethnic minorities for seats on the Nottingham tribunals board.
In 1986, when the current appointments to the Nottingham regional office of the industrial tribunals were made, we received nominations from one person from an ethnic minority and 34 from people who were not from ethnic minorities.
Job Release Scheme
asked the Paymaster General if he will announce the results of the review of the rates of allowance payable under both the job release scheme and the part-time job release scheme.
Following our annual review of allowances, the rates payable under the job release schemes from 6 April, will be as follows:
For disabled men aged 60, 61, 62 and 63 who are married with a dependent wife whose net income from all sources does not exceed £13 a week, £74·50 a week taxable; for all others £61·15 a week, taxable.
For women aged 59 and men aged 64 who are married with a dependent spouse whose net income from all sources does not exceed £13 a week, £67·55 a week, tax free; for all others £53·90 a week, tax free.
The part-time job release scheme closed on 30 May 1986. However, rates of allowance for those who entered the scheme on or before that date will be as follows:
For disabled men aged 60 and 61 and men aged 62 and 63 who are married with a dependent wife whose net income from all sources does not exceed £13 a week, £43 a week taxable; for all others £35·80 a week, taxable.
For women aged 59 and men aged 64 who are married with a dependent spouse whose net income from all sources does not exceed £13 a week, £38·05 a week tax free; for all other £31·15 a week, tax free.
asked the Paymaster General if he is considering proposals or investigating the feasibility of depriving unemployed 16 and 17-year-olds of the right to claim supplementary benefit.
[pursuant to his reply, 26 March 1987, c. 241]: The Government have successfully met their guarantee each year of a place on YTS for all unemployed 16 year olds, and we have now extended that guarantee this year to unemployed 17-year-olds. As a result, from April 1987 onwards there will no longer be a need for anyone under 18 to be unemployed, for everyone will have the choice of a place in school or college or on YTS or a job. We hope that no signficant number of young people will choose to remain unemployed and claim benefit. Any that do so will have to satisfy the long-standing legal rule that they are available for work and actually seeking work before they will receive benefit. We have not taken any decision about the continuing benefit entitlement of under-18s, but we will keep the position under review as we acquire experience of the effect of the new YTS guarantee.
Manpower Services Commission
asked the Paymaster General if he will publish the names of the members of each of the area manpower boards of the Manpower Services Commission.
[pursuant to his reply, 30 March 1987, c. 354]: I am sending my hon. Friend a copy of the area manpower board membership list and will place additional copies in the Library.
asked the Paymaster General how many staff are employed in all aspects of paying unemployment benefit and dealing with tribunals and fraud; and how many separate premises they occupy.
[pursuant to his reply, 30 March 1987, c. 356] Some 29,200 people are currently employed by the unemployment benefit service, of whom approximately 26,400 are directly involved in paying benefits at local offices, 1,000 are engaged in fraud investigation and 600 on the adjudication of benefit claims.There are 1,100 local unemployment benefit offices, of which some 300 are part-time or offer only limited services.
Agriculture, Fisheries And Food
asked the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food what measures he has recently taken to maintain and improve fish stocks in the risers of England and Wales.
Responsibility for maintaining, improving and developing salmon, eel and freshwater fisheries in the rivers of England and Wales, as well as for regulating those fisheries, is placed on the water authorities under the Salmon and Freshwater Fisheries Act 1975. The Government recently took steps to add to the effectiveness of the legislative framework within which the water authorities perform these duties through those sections of the Salmon Act 1986 which apply to England and Wales. They also established the salmon advisory committee earlier this year to examine and advise Ministers on matters relating to the conservation and development of salmon fisheries in England and Wales as well as in Scotland.
Council Of Agriculture Ministers
asked the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food what was the outcome of the Council of Agriculture Ministers' meeting held in Brussels on 30–31 March; and if he will make a statement.
I represented the United Kingdom at this meeting, together with my right hon. Friend, the Minister of State.The Council had a first discussion of the Commission's proposals for agricultural support prices and arrangements for 1987–88. No decisions were reached on these proposals, and the Council will take them up again at its next meeting on 27 April. The marketing years for beef and dairy products, which otherwise would have expired, were therefore extended until 31 May. The Council also decided to continue for a similar period the suspension of part of the French and United Kingdom monetary compensatory amounts on eggs and poultrymeat, thus maintaining the benefit of these arrangements to our producers.Against a background of the very high cost of the common agricultural policy, which is threatening to exceed budgetary ceilings, I supported the main elements of the proposals, namely a tough policy on the prices themselves, the strengthening and extension of guarantee threshold mechanisms, and a weakening of the support provided through intervention buying. In several areas I felt the proposals did not go far enough in these directions.I made clear my opposition to certain parts of the proposals: first and foremost to the tax on vegetable and marine oils and flats, which would place a burden on consumers, besides risking a major dispute with overseas suppliers; and also to the proposals to limit the payment of the ewe premium to a given number of ewes per farm, and to end intervention for salted butter.
asked the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, further to his answer of 16 March, Official Report, column 417, to the hon. Member for Ynys Môn, if he will set out what other work is included in the definition of statutory work beyond dairy inspection, the constituent elements of subsistent costs including allowances for meals and accommodation; which senior Agricultural Development Advisory Service staff are involved with dairy inspection and what is the extent of their work; and if he will make a statement.
The figure of 45·7 man years for statutory work includes not only time which dairy husbandry staff spend on farms but also their travelling time and the time they spend writing up reports, writing to producers and preparing for further visits: it also includes time which grades I and II devote to managing statutory work in order to ensure that the regulations are interpreted consistently across the country. The figure of 1·5 man years reflects the fact that, in addition, some 30 senior ADAS staff located at headquarters, in the regions and in Wales, devote a small proportion of their time to managing statutory work. There are standard, service wide, rates for travel and subsistence.
asked the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food what arrangements exist within his Department, within the central headquarters or in any regional or sub-regional organisation, for dealing with his responsibilities regarding public services or any other function in respect of the Greater London area; and how many full-time equivalent staff are involved in such work.
Many aspects of my responsibilities affect the Greater London area as other parts of the country. These are dealt with by the appropriate units such as animal and plant health, horticulture, flood defence and land sales divisions and the south-east and eastern regions. No central record is kept of the manpower used for the Greater London area alone.
asked the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food with which Departments and non-departmental bodies his Department, and its related non-departmental public bodies has consulted during 1986–87 in respect of services provided within Greater London; approximately how often such consultations have taken place; and what issues were discussed.
Consultation takes place as and when necessary. No central record is kept of oral or written consultations.
asked the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food whether there are any proposals to change the arrangements for discharging his Department's responsibilities regarding public services or any other function in respect of the Greater London area during the forthcoming year.
There are no such proposals.
International Bee Research Association
asked the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food if he has any plans to reintroduce the grant of £20,000 to the International Bee Research Association formerly given by the Development Commission; and if he will make a statement.
No. My Department's research funds are spent on commissioning specific work, including over £100,000 on topics of interest to beekeepers, rather than on grants to particular organisations.
asked the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food if he will introduce legislation to prevent dairies or dairy farmers from adding a substance to milk to nullify the effect of antibiotics to enable it to be processed into cheese.
I shall reply to my hon. Friend as soon as possible.
Inner City Initiatives
asked the Secretary of State for the Environment how much his Department has spent on the urban programme and other inner city initiatives since 1979.
Expenditure on my Department's urban group of programmes has more than doubled in real terms from £114 million in 1978–79 to £531 million in 1987–88. Since 1979 more than £3,500 million has in total been allocated to these programmes, generating more than £2,000 million in investment from other resources, including expenditure on the urban programme, urban development grant, urban development corporations and derelict land grant.
asked the Secretary of State for the Environment what percentage of planning applications has gone to appeal in each year since 1979; and what percentage of these appeals has been successful in each year.
The information for England is as follows:
|Year||Number of planning applications received||Appeals received as percentage of applications received in the year||Proportion of appeals decided which were allowed|
|Per cent.||Per cent.|
|1 Full figures for applications received are not available for the calendar years 1979 and 1986.|
Clearance Areas (Compulsory Purchase)