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Police

Volume 114: debated on Wednesday 8 April 1987

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asked the Secretary of State for Scotland what is the total annual cost of the police service in Scotland, with a breakdown for each police force in (a) 1979 and (b) 1986 or the latest available year; and how much of that cost was met by (i) Her Majesty's Government and (ii) local authorities.

The cost of the police service in Scotland in 1979–80 was £153,813,000 and in 1985–86 it was £288,725,000. Central Government's share of the cost in these years comprised 50 per cent. police grant (from 1986–87 51 per cent., and 50 per cent. of the expenditure on common police services. The remainder of the expenditure was met by local authorities from general revenue comprising rate support grant and rates. A breakdown of expenditure for each police force in 1979–80 and 1985–86 is given in the table:

£000
1979–801985–86
ForceLocal Authorities 1Central GovernmentTotalLocal Authorities 1Central GovernmentTotal
Central2,8902,7985,6885,5645,34310,907
Dumfries & Galloway1,7081,7993,5073,3973,5336,930
Fife3,7653,6607,4256,9956,73413,729
Grampian5,4975,34210,83911,19710,80121,998
Lothian & Borders12,87812,44925,32725,91625,10451,020
Northern3,8453,7657,6107,1346,92614,060
Strathclyde40,24739,09179,33872,67370,147142,820
Tayside5,9575,79311,75011,35110,97322,324
Central Government's share of Common Police Services2,3292,3294,9374,937
£76,787£77,026£153,813£144,227£144,498£288,725
1 Includes local authorities' share of common police services and other non-police grant earning expenditure.

asked the Secretary of State for Scotland whether he will state, for Scotland, the number of police officers who were (a) charged with criminal offences and (b) convicted of criminal offences in (i) 1979 and (ii) 1986 or the latest available year, with a breakdown for each police force.

This information is not available centrally in the precise form requested, but the table has been

19791986
ForceReports dealt withNumber of reports resulting in convictionsReports dealt withNumber of reports resulting in convictions
Central Scotland33225
Dumfries and Galloway82
Fife226303
Grampian102194
Lothian and Borders42173914
Northern369193
Strathclyde1393610237
Tayside5813795
SCOTLAND3408532168

asked the Secretary of State for Scotland whether he will state, for Scotland, the number of complaints of criminal conduct by the police and the number of resultant (a) prosecutions and (b) successful prosecutions in (i) 1979 and (ii) 1986 or the latest available year, with a breakdown for each police force.

ForceComplaints, etc. referred to procurator fiscalNumber of cases resulting in criminal proceedingsNumber of cases resulting in finding of guilt
197919861979198619791986
Central Scotland23271
Dumfries and Galloway89
Fife11301
Grampian1261111
Lothian and Borders14515931
Northern141731
Strathclyde2394221156
Tayside41662321
SCOTLAND49379172448

compiled from statistical returns by chief constables. It shows (a) the number of cases involving police officers dealt with by procurators fiscal in 1979 and 1986 following reports submitted by forces in respect of officers alleged to have committed offences either on or off duty, and (b) the number of these cases which resulted in convictions. The submission of a report to the procurator fiscal does not necessarily imply that the officer had been charged with a criminal offence.

In terms of the Police (Discipline) (Scotland) Regulations 1967, as amended, all reports or allegations from which it may reasonably be inferred that a police officer has committed a criminal offence must be referred to the procurator fiscal. The following table indicates the number of such cases dealt with in 1979 and 1986 which resulted in (a) criminal proceedings and (b) a finding of guilt.

asked the Secretary of State for Scotland whether he will state, for Scotland, the total local authority expenditure on police as a percentage of all local authority expenditure in (a) 1979 and (b) 1986 or the latest available year, with a breakdown for each local authority.

The information is set out in the table :

Expenditure on the police by regional and island authorities expressed as a percentage of their total expenditure on local authority services
1979–801985–86
Central6·27·8
Dumfries and Galloway7·89·1
Fife7·58·0
Grampian7·08·5
Strathclyde9·010·0
Tayside9·210·1
Lothian and Borders9·510·9
Highland, Western Isles, Orkney and Shetland5·56·5
All Scotland8·49·5

Notes:

(1) The figures given represent expenditure on the police as a percentage of expenditure by regional and island authorities on local authority services; expenditure by district authorities has not been taken into the calculation.

(2) Expenditure on local authority services is taken as the sum of net current expenditure (excluding loan charges) and net capital

Force

1979 (Occasions)

1986 (Operations)

Issued

Used

Issued

Used

(a)

(b)

(a)

(b)

Central Scotland10133
Dumfries and Galloway151211
Fife59
Grampian12111
Lothian and Borders6518
Northern195
Strathclyde5621111414
Tayside117
Scotland6992(c)174818

(a) Refers to operations and use against persons known or believed to be armed.

(b) Refers to operations and use for the destruction of animals.

(c) On both occasions firearms were used for the destruction of animals.

asked the Secretary of State for Scotland whether he will state, for Scotland, the ratio of police officers per head of population in (a) 1979, (b) 1986 or the latest available year with a breakdown for each police force.

The estimated population (as at 30 June) per police officer on authorised establishement as at 31 December in each year was as follows:

Force19791986
Central Scotland539489
Dumfries and Galloway469441
Fife525470
Grampian504504
Lothian and Borders360353
Northern437452
Strathclyde350337
Tayside419392
Scotland390377

expenditure in accordance with public expenditure survey definitions.

(3) Lothian and Borders regions are served by a joint police force; similarly Highland region and the three island authorities are served by a joint force.

asked the Secretary of State for Scotland whether he will state, for Scotland, the number of occasions and the number of officers involved when police officers were authorised to carry firearms and the number of occasions when firearms were used (a) 1979 and (b) 1986 or the latest available year with a breakdown for each police force.

The information available is set out in the table. It should be noted that the basis on which the information was recorded was changed in 1984. Formerly, the total number of occasions on which firearms were issued was shown. This, however, was found to lead to inconsistencies of interpretation since, during any particular operation, a firearm could be issued to an individual officer on more than one occasion. From 1984, therefore, the records show separately the number of operations in which firearms were issued against (a) persons known or believed to be armed and (b) for the destruction of animals.Information as to the number of police officers involved on each occasion or in each operation is not held centrally and could be obtained only at disproportionate cost.

asked the Secretary of State for Scotland whether he will state, for Scotland, the ratio of police per reported crime in (a) 1979, and (b) 1986 or the latest available year with a breakdown for each police force.

The number of reported crimes per police officer on authorised establishement as at 31 December in each year was as follows:

Force19791986
Central Scotland27·436·8
Dumfries and Galloway15·922·0
Fife21·832·6
Grampian24·837·6
Lothian and Borders26·533·4
Northern14·720·7
Strathclyde28·035·5
Tayside25·235·6
Scotland26·134·2

asked the Secretary of State for Scotland whether if he will state, for Scotland, the number of police officers residing in council housing accommodation and in owner occupied accommodation and in other accommodation in (a) 1979 and (b) 1986 or the latest available year, with a breakdown of the figures for each police force.

ForcePolice authority1 accommodationOwner occupied accommodationOther accommodationTotal
Central Scotland4943268549
Dumfries and Galloway11816753338
Fife195381149725
Grampian307504184995
Lothian and Borders2001,7864562,442
Northern Constabulary3052996610
Strathclyde1,0444,7379886,769
Tayside1826271911,000
Total2,4008,9332,09513,428
1 Includes houses owned by police authority and those rented from local housing authority.

asked the Secretary of State for Scotland whether he will state, for Scotland, the number of police officers resident within the communities for which they have primary policing responsibility in (a) 1979, (b) 1986 or the latest available year, with a breakdown of the figure for each police force in Scotland.

asked the Secretary of State for Scotland whether he will state, for each police force in Scotland, the number and location of manned police stations or sub-stations in (a) 1979 and (b) 1986 or the latest available year, with a breakdown of the figures for each police force in Scotland.

1979 Establishment (Strength)11986 Establishment (Strength)1
ForcePoliceCadets2CiviliansPoliceCadets2Civilians
Central Scotland505(509)34(23)148(135)556(549)34(9)153(142)
Dumfries and Galloway305(311)18(15)95(84)333(338)18(7)111(101)
Fife653(671)30(30)188(139)732(725)30(14)197(188)
Grampian920(932)35(22)257(239)997(995)35(18)310(311)
Lothian and Borders2,361(2,342)174(103)1,014(778)2,393(2,442)174(—)879(889)
Northern591(603)28(22)240(264)609(610)28(1)310(292)
Strathclyde6,977(6,905)459(339)2,235(1,809)6,954(6,769)459(—)1,936(1,699)
Tayside962(941)39(33)271(250)1,001(1,000)39(—)304(300)
SCOTLAND TOTAL13,274(13,214)817(587)4,448(3,698)13,575(13,428)817(49)4,200(3,922)
1 Figures in brackets show the actual numbers in post.
2 Including part-time staff.

asked the Secretary of State for Scotland whether he will state the annual average salary and the average actual earnings and the average amount of rent or housing allowance received by police officers in Scotland in (a) 1979 and (b) 1986 or the latest available year.

The information requested, in so far as available, is as follows:

1979–80 £1985–86 £
Average annual salary110,967
Average annual earnings26,17612,038
Average rent allowance31,2762,525

asked the Secretary of State for Scotland whether he will state, for Scotland, the authorised establishment and actual numbers of police officers and police cadets and civilian staff in (a) 1979 and (b) 1986 or the latest available year, with a breakdown for each police force.

1 Not available separately.

2 Average annual earnings includes overtime payments.

3 Average rent allowance is based on the number of officers in receipt of rent allowance as at 31 December 1979 and 1985; other officers occupied rent and rate free accommodation provided by police authorities.

asked the Secretary of State for Scotland whether he will state for each police force in Scotland the location of manned police stations or sub-stations (a) closed down and (b) opened since 1979.

asked the Secretary of State for Scotland whether he will state, for Scotland, the total number of police officer-hours worked (i) in police stations or substations, (ii) in motor vehicles, (iii) on foot patrol and (iv) on other duties (a) in 1979 and (b) in 1986 or the latest available year; and whether he will give a breakdown for each Scottish police force area.