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Yts

Volume 114: debated on Wednesday 8 April 1987

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asked the Paymaster General what percentage of 16-year-old school leavers in Kirklees metropolitan borough council area embark on YTS courses broken down into (a) girls, (b) boys and (c) all.

The Manpower Services Commission estimates that 62 per cent. of 16-year-old school leavers entered the YTS in Kirklees local education authority area in 1985–86. The equivalent figure for girls was 55 per cent. and boys 67 per cent.

asked the Paymaster General what percentage of 16-year-old (a) girls, (b) boys and (c) all school leavers attend YTS broken down by region or AMB area in each of the last four years.

Information is not currently available in the form requested. I shall write to the hon. Member when the information has been collected and collated.Mr. Sheerman asked the Paymaster General what percentage of 16-year-old

(a) girls, (b) boys and (c) all school leavers entered YTS in the last four years.

The table shows estimates by the Manpower Services Commission of the number of 16-year-old school leaver entrants to YTS in the years 1983–84, 1984–85 and 1985–86 expressed as a percentage of the number of 16-year-old school leavers. Figures for 1986–87 are not yet available.

1983–841984–851985–86
Boys515858
Girls434949
Total465354

Note: Not all school leavers enter the labour market directly. In 1985–86 it is estimated that around 20 per cent. of school leavers went on into further education. The figures therefore understate the proportion of 16-year-olds who leave full-time education and join YTS.

asked the Paymaster General what measures have been taken since 1985 to reduce the under-occupancy of youth training scheme places.

Since the introduction of YTS in 1983 the MSC has established a well structured and organised planning process which is continually refined in the light of experience to achieve an appropriate mix of places and provision for each particular year.Flexibility of provision, however, is an essential feature of a demand-led scheme and is always needed to meet the guarantee to unemployed 16 and 17-year-olds, to provide a choice of places for young people and to cater for the needs of special groups.

asked the Paymaster General what representations he has received regarding the cost of meals for YTS trainees.

Survey descriptionsApril 1983—October 1983 10 per cent, of those leavers notified to MSC by October 1983April 1983—March 1984 10 per cent, of leavers in 9 selected area officesApril 1984—July 1984 10 per cent, of leavers in 9 selected area officesJune 1984—March 1985 15 per cent national follow-up of YTS leavers
In full-time work with the same employer4122224
In full-lime work with a different employer34373431
Part-time work1111
Full-time course6123
On another YTS291236
Doing something else3353
Unemployed24353432
Percentage early leavers84896052
Percentage response53536963
1 This question was not asked.
2 Although no question was asked about part-time work, 1 per cent, of respondents noted their questionnaires to indicate that they were in part-time work.

asked the Paymaster General if he will give, from the survey of youth training scheme providers last reported to the meeting of the Manpower Services Commission's youth training board the number and proportion of managing agents who deploy, per 100 trainees (a) fewer than three, (b) three to five, (c) six to eight, (d) nine to 11, (e) 12 to 14 and (f) more than 14

I have received two representations concerning meals for YTS trainees. The weekly training allowance payable to YTS trainees is intended to cover normal living expenses, including meals.

asked the Paymaster General if he will give, from the survey of the YTS providers last reported to the Manpower Services Commission's youth training board, the number and proportion of trainees who are (a) one-year trainees only, (b) apprentices or other long-term trainees, and (c) employees; and how these figures have changed since 1985.

The information is not available in the form requested. The most recent information is from the YTS providers survey conducted in January-February 1986. This survey showed that 9 per cent. (23,800) of trainees were apprentices or long-term trainees and 14 per cent. (37,000) were employees. Some young people were apprentices with employee status.Figures for 1985 are not available.

asked the Paymaster General if he will gave the proportion of youth training scheme leavers going to the following destinations for each available month of the 15 per cent. leavers sample and for each of the previous sample (a) full-time work with the same employer, (b) full-time work with a different employer, (c) part-time work, (d) full-time college or training course, (e) back to school, (f) on another youth training scheme, (g) claimant unemployed and (h) other; and if he will show for each survey: (i) the proportion of respondents who had left the scheme early and (ii) the usable percentage response rate.

The figures are not available in the form requested.The available results from the surveys of leavers between April 1983 and March 1985 are as follows:full-time equivalent staff in managing, administering and providing off-the-job training for their scheme; and how these figures have changed over the last two years.

The information is not available in precisely the form requested. The most recent survey of YTS providers conducted in January-February 1986 shows that 44 per cent. (2,400) of scheme managing agents and sponsors had up to 10, 13 per cent. (700) had between 10 and 15 and 43 per cent. (2,400) had in excess of 15 full-time equivalent staff per 100 trainees engaged in management and off-the-job training.Comparable figures for earlier periods are not available.

asked the Paymaster General if he will give, from the survey of youth training scheme providers last reported to the meeting of the Manpower Services Commission's youth training board, the number and proportion of managing agents and sponsors who require prospective trainees to have one or more O-levels; and how these figures have changed over the last two years.

The most recent survey of YTS providers conducted in January-February 1986 showed that 18 per cent. (1,000) of schemes required trainees to have a minimum of one O-level pass.A similar survey conducted in June-August 1984 showed that 22 per cent. (1,300) of managing agents or sponsors required at least one O-level pass.

asked the Paymaster General if he will give, from the survey of youth training scheme leavers last reported to the meeting of the youth training board, the number and proportion of work experience placements provided in each of the industrial categories used in the survey, and in each of the occupational training facilities, together with the comparable figures for two years ago.

The following table shows results from the most recent survey of TYS providers conducted in January-February 1986 and the previous survey conducted in June-August 1984.

Trainees receiving placements in:19841986
per centNumberper centNumber
Standard Industrial Classification
0. Agriculture, forestry, fishing25,30025,300
1. Energy and Water025,300
2. Extraction, metals, minerals, chemicals410,60012,600
3. Metal goods, engineering, vehicles1231,900718,500
4. Other manufacture615,900718,500
5. Construction513,30037,900
6. Distribution, hotel & catering, repairs40106,3002360,700
7. Transport and Communication12,60025,300
8. Banking, finance etc513,200513,300
9. Other services2258,50048126,700
Not stated38,0000
Comparable data on occupational training families are not available from the two surveys. The table gives the proportion of workplaces covered by the 1986 providers survey with trainees in occupations classified by the training and occupations (YTS) classification. The figures sum to more than 100 per cent. as workplaces often have trainees in more than one occupation.
Percentage
Administration and clerical44
Creative, education recreation13
Health and community8

Percentage

Personal service18
Selling and storage28
Construction7
Electrical engineering8
Mechanical engineering12
Mining

1

Motor vehicle repair12
Non-metal processing4
Catering and food13
Agriculture, horticultre and forestry6
Fishing

1

Transport3
Scientific1
Printing3
Clothing and textiles2
Security services

1

Other

1

DK/NS

1

1Less than 1 per cent.

asked the Paymaster General to what factors he attributes the current under-occupancy of youth training scheme places.

Flexibility in the provision and take-up of YTS places will always be required if the scheme is to meet the needs of all those who are involved. The current level of occupancy is in line with the normal annual pattern of contracting and filling of places. There were over 320,000 young people in training on YTS at the end of February 1987.

asked the Paymaster General if he will take steps to ensure that monitoring of youth training schemes is adequate to prevent managing agents getting into arrears with trainees' allowances.

The Manpower Services Commission already has staff in its area offices whose purpose is to ensure good and correct practice in the spending of public money on YTS including the trainees' allowances.These staff carry out financial monitoring visits to managing agents to ensure that they operate sound financial systems and controls. In the course of these visits, managing agents' records are examined to ensure that allowances are being paid correctly and on time. Additionally, a selection of trainees are interviewed to verify that their allowances are being paid properly.The depth and frequency of monitoring is determined by the managing agents' past and present performance in fulfilling the terms of their contracts with the Manpower Services Commission.

asked the Paymaster General if he will give, from the survey of youth training scheme leavers last reported to the meeting of the youth training board, the number and proportion of managing agents and sponsors who sub-contract (i) no, (ii) some and (iii) all work experience placements to other employers and providers together with the comparable figures for two years ago.

This information is available from the survey of YTS providers conducted in January-February 1986 and June-August 1984. The table gives the proportion and number of YTS schemes in which none, some and all of the work experience placements are subcontracted.

1984

1986

No sub-contracting per cent.2835
Number1,6001,900
Some sub-contracting per cent.2835
Number1,6001,900
All work experience sub-contracted per cent.4330
Number2,5001,700

asked the Paymaster General if he will give, from the survey of youth training scheme providers last reported to the meeting of the Manpower Services Commission's youth training board, the number and proportion of schemes that accept(a) all applicants, (b) more than three quarters of all applicants, (c) more than half of all applicants and (d) more than a quarter of all applicants, respectively, together with the comparable figures for two years ago.

Information is not available in precisely the form requested. The table gives the proportion and number of schemes accepting trainees. This information is drawn from surveys of YTS providers conducted in January-February 1986 and June-August 1984.

19841986
Schemes acceptingPer cent.No.Per cent.No.
All applicants342,000341,900
More than 50 per cent, of applicants663,800734,000
More than 20 per cent, of applicants834,800905,000

asked the Paymaster General how many young people in training on the youth training scheme are estimated to be employees on current year schemes; how

1AccidentsAnnual Incidence Rate per 100.000 trainees
PeriodAverage number in trainingFatalitiesMajor InjuriesFatalitiesMajor Injuries
Table (a)
1 January 1984 to 31 December 1984262,877241901·572·3
1 January 1985 to 31 December 1985265,596342011·575·7
Table (b)
1 January 1986 to 31 December 1986304,103473052·3100·3
1 Manpower Services Commission accident figures for YTS are compiled on a similar basis to those prepared by the Health and Safety Executive on employed persons. However, Commission figures will include a number of accidents, in particular road traffic accidents during scheme time and accidents to trainees in educational establishments, which may not have been reportable to the executive had the individuals been employed.
2 This figure includes two road traffic accidents.
3 This figure includes one road traffic accident.
4 This figure includes two road traffic accidents.

asked the Paymaster General if he will publish, for each area office of the Manpower Services Commission, current accident figures for the youth training scheme in the following form (a) for the area for each of the last three available months, together with the figures for the previous year, (b) by travel-to-work area for the last available month, together with the figures for the previous year, (c) by parliamentary constituency for the last available month, together with the figures for the previous year and (d) by local authority for the last available month, together with the figures for the previous year.

these figures compare with the previous year and the year before that; and what the figures are for the two year scheme.

The table shows the number of young people recorded by the Manpower Services Commission as employees starting on YTS in each of the years 1983–84, 1984–85 and 1985–86. No information is yet available on the number of employees starting on the two-year scheme.

Number of young people starting as employees on YTS
No.
1983–8416,500
1984–8522,500
1985–8623,000

asked the Paymaster General if he will publish the 1986 incidence of major and fatal accidents to trainees on the youth training schemes, together with the figures for the two previous years and the figures thus far for 1987.

The following tables set out the annual incidence rates per 100,000 trainees on YTS for fatal and major accidents. Table (a) gives figures for 1984 and 1985. Table (b) gives figures for 1986. It should be noted that the two tables cannot be directly compared in respect of major injuries. Up to 31 March 1986 major injuries 'were classified according to the severity criteria laid down in the Notification of Accidents and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 1980. From 1 April 1986 major injuries are classified according to the severity criteria laid down in the Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 1985. This has had the effect of reclassifying some accidents from the minor category into the major category. Accident figures for the first quarter of 1987 are not yet available.

Youth training scheme accident statistics are collected quarterly and relate to areas covered by Manpower Services Commission offices. Figures for October 1985 to December 1986 are given in the following tables. Comprehensive information is not available for travel-to-work areas, parliamentary constituencies or local authority districts and could be obtained only at disproportionate cost.

Table 1

YTS accidents 1 October to 31 December 19861

Region and area

Fatalities

Major injuries2

Minor injuries

Scotland

Ayrshire, Dumfries and Galloway18
Central and Fife38
Glasgow City27
Grampian and Tayside1210
Highlands and Islands22
Lanarkshire210
Lothian/Borders59
Renfrew, Dunbarton and Argyll13

Northern

Cleveland
Durham County338
Newcastle26
South Tyne525

Yorkshire and Humberside

Bradford, Calderdale, Kirklees519
Humberside317
Leeds/North Yorkshire1
Sheffield/Rotherham6
Wakefield, Barnsley, Doncaster

31

515

North West

Cheshire915
Cumbria12
Greater Manchester Central32
Greater Manchester East1
Greater Manchester North16
Lancashire336
Merseyside Inner315
Merseyside Outer123

West Midlands

Birmingham716
Coventry
Dudley/Sandwell210
Staffordshire17
Telford/Shropshire8
Hereford and Worcester
Wolverhampton116

East Midlands and Eastern

Derbyshire
Leicestershire26
Lincolnshire
Nottinghamshire16
Bedfordshire/Cambridge12
Norfolk/Suffolk

Wales

Cardiff232
Gwent112
Swansea12
Wrexham1212

South West

Avon38
Devon and Cornwall14
Gloucester and Wiltshire1115
Taunton/Somerset/Dorset36

South East

Chatham Kent6
Chelmsford59
Fareham3
High Wycombe1
Horsham26
Reading23

London

London North
London North East15
London South East2

Region and area

Fatalities

Major injuries2

Minor injuries

London South and West
Totals4100509

Table2

YTS accidents 1 July to 30 September 19861

Region and area

Fatalities

Major injuries2

Minor injuries

Scotland

Ayrshire, Dumfries and Galloway6
Central and Fife16
Glasgow City46
Grampian and Tayside3
Highlands and Islands
Lanarkshire12
Lothian/Borders14
Renfrew, Dunbarton and Argyll1

Northern

Cleveland25
Durham County718
Newcastle516
South Tyne114

Yorkshire and Humberside

Bradford, Calderdale, Kirklees212
Humberside
Leeds/North Yorkshire23
Sheffield/Rotherham16
Wakefield, Barnsley, Doncaster34

North West

Cheshire312
Cumbria
Greater Manchester Central23
Greater Manchester East11
Greater Manchester North714
Lancashire39
Merseyside Inner26
Merseyside Outer214

West Midlands

Birmingham13
Coventry2
Dudley/Sandwell11
Staffordshire14
Telford/Shropshire5
Hereford/Worcester
Wolverhampton12

East Midlands and Eastern

Derbyshire1
Leicestershire15
Lincolnshire
Nottinghamshire27
Bedfordshire/Cambridge3
Norfolk/Suffolk31

Wales

Cardiff315
Gwent
Swansea45
Wrexham3

South West

Avon12
Devon and Corwall34
Gloucester and Wiltshire2
Taunton/Somerset/Dorset18

South East

Chatham Kent2
Chelmsford4

Region and area

Fatalities

Major injuries2

Minor injuries

Fareham
High Wycombe4
Horsham
Reading13

London

London North
London North East35
London South East11
London South and West
Totals77266

Table 3

YTS accidents 1 April to 30 June 19861

Region and area

Fatalities

Major injuries2

Minor injuries

Scotland

Ayrshire, Dumfries and Galloway10
Central and Fife311
Glasgow City15
Grampian and Tayside7
Highlands and Islands12
Lanarkshire512
Lothian/Borders25
Renfrew. Dunbarton and Argyll7

Northern

Cleveland110
Durham County119
Newcastle15
South Tyne115

Yorkshire and Humberside

Bradford, Calderdale, Kirklees111
Humberside6
Leeds/North Yorkshire36
Sheffield/Rotherham19
Wakefield, Barnsley, Doncaster15

North West

Cheshire18
Cumbria24
Greater Manchester Central12
Greater Manchester East25
Greater Manchester North212
Lancashire310
Merseyside Inner111
Merscyside Outer113

Midlands

Birmingham54
Coventry11
Derby45
Dudley/Sandwell5
Leicestershire3
Lincoln11
Nottingham23
Staffordshire5
Telford/Shropshire4
Hereford and Worcester
Wolverhampton7

Wales

Cardiff112
Gwent8
Swansea410
Wrexham1219

South- West

Avon127
Devon and Cornwall
Gloucester and Wiltshire18

Region and area

Fatalities

Major injuries2

Minor injuries

Taunton/Somerset/Dorset

3

South East

Chatham Kent1312
Chelmsford13
Fareham15
High Wycombe7
Horsham24
Ipswich37
Luton15
Reading13

London

London North1
London North East1
London South East11
London South and West2
Totals368375

Table 4

YTS accidents 1 January to 31 March 19861

Region and area

Fatalities

Major injuries2

Minor injuries

Scotland

Ayrshire, Dumfries and Galloway11
Central and Fife218
Glasgow City7
Grampian and Tayside15
Highlands and Islands
Lanarkshire317
Lothian/Borders23
Renfrew, Dunbarton and Argyll7

Northern

Cleveland19
Durham County221
Newcastle119
South Tyne211

Yorkshire and Humberside

Bradford, Calderdale, Kirklees10
Humberside7
Leeds/North Yorkshire314
Sheffield/Rotherham14
Wakefield, Barnsley, Doncaster116

North West

Cheshire2
Cumbria9
Greater Manchester Central28
Greater Manchester East112
Greater Manchester North214
Lancashire515
Merseyside Inner17
Merseyside Outer16

Midlands

Birmingham311
Coventry117
Derby210
Dudley/Sandwell32
Leicestershire18
Lincoln9
Nottingham12
Staffordshire27
Telford/Shropshire/39
Hereford and Worcester
Wolverhampton/Walsall7

Wales

Cardiff216
Gwent4
Swansea212

Region and area

Fatalities

Major injuries2

Minor injuries

Wrexham211

South West

Avon29
Devon and Corwall4
Gloucester and Wiltshire27
Taunton/Somerset/Dorset18

South East

Chatham Kent4
Chelmsford18
Fareham6
High Wycombe13
Horsham4
Ipswich14
Luton3
Reading

London

London North2
London North East1
London South East4
London South and West11
Totals60474

Table 1

YTS accidents 1 October to 31 December 19851

Regions and area

Fatalities

Major injuries2

Minor injuries

Scotland

Ayrshire, Dumfries and Galloway17
Central and Fife120
Glasgow City115
Grampian and Tayside19
Highlands and Islands12
Lanarkshire49
Lothian/Borders28
Renfrew, Dunbarton and Argyll10

Northern

Cleveland221
Durham County331
Newcastle122
South Tyne116

Yorkshire and Humberside

Bradford, Calderdale, Kirklees214
Humberside44
Leeds/North Yorkshire123
Sheffield/Rotherham18
Wakefield, Barnsley, Doncaster512

North West

Cheshire15
Cumbria2
Greater Manchester Central16
Greater Manchester East412
Greater Manchester North212

Regions and area

Fatalities

Major injuries2

Minor injuries

Lancashire230
Merseyside Inner312
Merseyside Outer16

Midlands

Birmingham22
Coventry111
Derby15
Dudley/Sandwell4
Leicestershire14
Lincoln8
Nottingham12
Staffordshire415
Telford/Shropshire9
Hereford and Worcester
Wolverhampton/4

Wales

Cardiff319
Gwent15
Swansea8
Wrexham9

South West

Avon27
Devon and Cornwall17
Gloucester and Wiltshire13
Taunton/Somerset/Dorset16

South East

Chatham Kent15
Chelmsford12
Fareham24
High Wycombe22
Horsham10
Ipswich15
Luton2
Reading13

London

London North11
London North East22
London South East5
London South and West12
Totals67577

1 Manpower Services Commission (MSC) accident figures for YTS are compiled on a similar basis to those prepared by the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) on employed persons. However, MSC figures will include a number of accidents, in particular road traffic accidents during scheme time and accidents to trainees in educational establishments, which may not have been reportable to the HSE had the individuals been employed.

2 Up to 31 March 1986 major injuries were classified according to the severity criteria laid down in the Notification of Accidents and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 1980. From 1 April 1986 major injuries were classified according to the severity criteria laid down in the Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 1985.

3 These figures are road traffic accidents.