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Overseas Pensions

Volume 115: debated on Wednesday 29 April 1987

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asked the Secretary of State for Social Services if he will give the most recent available estimate of (a) the number of retired people, by country of residence, living abroad in a country with which Britain has no reciprocal social security agreement, and who would otherwise be receiving a state retirement pension and (b) the cost of paying a state retirment pension to these people.

British retirement pensions are payable anywhere in the world. Cost-of-living increases are paid, however, only where there is a reciprocal agreement with the country concerned to provide for this.The number of retirement pensioners who are living in a country with which the United Kingdom has no reciprocal social security agreement to provide for payment of the increase is as follows:

Number of Retirement Pensioners, in overseas Countries at 31 December 1985 (Latest Figures Available)

Country

Number

Albania5
Algeria1
Andorra88
Angola1
Anguilla49
Antigua119
Argentina133
Australia96,126
Bahamas106
Bahrain15
Bangladesh1,253
Barbados729
Belize10
Bolivia4
Botswana38
Brazil133
Brunei9
Bulgaria9
Burma7
Cameroon4
Canada54,388
Cayman Islands22
Chile38
China7
Colombia23
Cook Islands5
Costa Rica5
Czechoslovakia25
Djibouti3
Dominica, Commonwealth of233
Dominican Republic132
East Germany13
Ecuador9
Egypt34
E1 Salvador1
Ethiopia4
Falkland Islands and Dependencies6
Faroe Islands1
Fiji27
Gabon1
Gambia5
Ghana44
Grenada298
Guatemala3
Guyana124
Haiti1
Honduras2
Hong Kong331
Hungary138
India2,580
Indonesia13
Iraq3
Japan42
Jordan7
Kenya345
Kiribati (Gilbert Islands)2
Kuwait6
Lebanon26
Lesotho6
Liberia4
Libyan Arab Republic2
Madagascar2
Malawi38
Malaya45
Mexico56
Monaco160
Monserrat180
Morocco28
Monzambique1
Naura, Republic of2
Nepal14
Netherlands Antilles6
New Zealand23,167
Nigeria69
Norfolk Island11

Country

Number

Norway119
Oman8
Pakistan3,369
Panama7
Papua New Guinea17
Peru34
Philippines34
Poland2,459
Puerto Rico3
Qatar6
Romania19
Ruanda2
St Helena and Dependencies30
St Kitts-Nevis277
St Lucia350
St Vincent237
Sarawak2
Saudi Arabia23
Senegal8
Seychelles24
Sierra Leone33
Singapore60
Solomon Islands4
Somalia134
South Africa18,879
South Korea2
South West Africa or Namibia13
Sri Lanka94
Sudan9
Swaziland42
Sweden64
Syria1
Taiwan2
Tanzania39
Thailand31
Togo1
Tonga3
Trinidad and Tobago251
Tunisia8
Turks & Caicos Islands2
Uganda12
United Arab Emirates22
USSR741
Uruguay16
Vanuatu (New Hebrides)1
Venezuela26
Virgin Islands29
Western Samoa7
Yemen Arab Republic (North)719
Yemen, People's Democratic Republic of (South)87
Zaire5
Zambia86
Zimbabwe3,498

The annual cost of paying these retirement pensions was £168 million in November 1985. Payment at the full November 1985 rates would have cost an additional £166 million.