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Written Answers

Volume 115: debated on Tuesday 5 May 1987

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Written Answers To Questions

Tuesday 5 May 1987

Energy

Electricity

asked the Secretary of State for Energy if he will estimate the United Kingdom's demand for electricity in 2005, 2025 and 2050, respectively, and the proportion of that demand that would be provided by the proposed Severn barrage.

The production of forward estimates of electricity demand is the responsibility of the electricity supply industry. If a Severn tidal barrage of the kind currently under consideration were to be built near Cardiff and Weston, it might provide about 5 per cent. of the current electricity demand level on average over the year. To the extent that electricity demand grew in the future, this percentage would become smaller.

North-East

asked the Secretary of State for Energy whether he will give figures showing the productivity of the north-east coalfield (a) over the last 12 months and (b) in 1982–83; and whether he will make a statement.

Average deep-mined revenue output per man shift in the North-East area during 1986–87 was 2·98 tonnes. This represents an impressive increase of 43 per cent. compared with the average of 2·09 tonnes during 1982–83.

Nuclear Safety

asked the Secretary of State for Energy whether he will make it his policy to invite an operating safety review team from the International Atomic Energy Agency to assist the nuclear installations inspectorate in its safety monitoring of (a) nuclear power plants, (b) nuclear fuel and enrichment plants and (c) nuclear reprocessing facilities in the United Kingdom.

I fully support the International Atomic Energy Agency's work on nuclear safety. The agency's provisional schedule of operational safety review team visits for 1987 does not include any to nuclear installations in the United Kingdom.Regulatory control of our nuclear installations is of course the statutory responsibility of the nuclear installations inspectorate of the Health and Safety Executive.

asked the Secretary of State for Energy if he will list his responsibilities with regard to (a) safety of nuclear installations, (b) relations with the International Atomic Energy Agency, (c) relations with the Organisation of Economic Co-operation and Development nuclear energy agency, (d) relations with Euratom and (e) promoting visits by members of the public to civil nuclear installations as part of the nuclear industries' expanded open information policy.

I am the Secretary of State with overall policy responsibility for the safety of nuclear installations. The Government insist on the highest standard of safety at United Kingdom nuclear installations, and encourage openness by the nuclear industry. We attach great importance to improving international co-operation on nuclear safety through the, IAEA, NEA and EURATOM. The promotion of visits to nuclear installations is a matter for the organisations involved.

Nuclear Fuel

asked the Secretary of State for Energy, pursuant to his reply to the hon. Member for Meirionnydd Nant Conwy on 22 April, Official Report, column 547, if he will set out (a) the number and dates of all meetings to which he refers held so far, (b) the occasions when he has been present personally, (c) the number of departmental officials involved and (d) the organisations involved in the discussions; and if he will make a statement on progress to date.

It is not Government practice to reveal details of meetings held in confidence with other bodies. Discussions are continuing, and I shall make an announcement in due course.

asked the Secretary of State for Energy, pursuant to his reply of 22 April, Official Report, column 547, on the Layfield report recommendations, if he will set out the nature of the considerations of security and commercial sensitivity on which discussions are taking place; and whether the safeguards divisions of the International Atomic Energy Agency and Euratom have been involved in the discussions.

I refer the hon. Member to the reply I gave him on 29 January at column 327. Safeguards issues will.be taken into account as appropriate.

Coal Industry (Accidents)

asked the Secretary of State for Energy if he will now give an update to the latest date for which figures are currently available of the details of all serious accidents which have occurred in the coal industry for the year 1986–87 broken down according to coalfield areas.

Final year figures for serious accidents in 1986–87 are not yet available. I therefore have nothing further to add to the answer I gave the hon. Gentleman on 12 March, Official Report, columns 281–282.

asked the Secretary of State for Energy if he will now give an update to the latest date for which figures are currently available of the details of all fatal accidents which have occurred in the coal industry for the year 1986–87, broken down according to coalfield areas.

I refer the hon. Gentleman to the answer I gave him on I May 1987, at column 249.

Overseas Development

Mozambique

asked the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs if he will make a statement on the current situation in Mozambique; and what further action Her Majesty's Government intend to take to relieve the situation.

I am deeply concerned at the scale of the present suffering in Mozambique. The Government are playing a full part in the international effort to alleviate it. In addition to our longer-term development assistance programme for Mozambique, we have offered over £11 million as emergency aid over the past few months. We stand ready to assist further. I will be discussing the situation with the President of Mozambique during his visit this week.

Education And Science

Research Councils

asked the Secretary of State for Education and Science whether he proposes that the £15 million supplement to the research councils should be available in the years 1987–88 and subsequent years; and if he will make a statement.

The additional £15 million is for 1987–88. We are assessing the needs of science for future years in the current public expenditure survey. The Government are committed to maintaining and enhancing the strength and quality of the science base. We attach particular importance to sustaining the work of the most able scientists and their teams. I would remind the hon. Member that the Government has increased the science budget by 14 per cent. at constant prices since 1979.

Information Technology (Research)

asked the Secretary of State for Education and Science whether Her Majesty's Government intend, in

Date publishedLEAProposalDecision1 and date
Unknown but under 1944 ActCheshireCrewe Secondary, Reorganisation, Establish 1, Tertiary CollegeA—17 November 1980
11 July 1980 (1944 Act)DudleyHalesowen Secondary, Reorganisation, Establish 1, Tertiary CollegeR—4 February 1981
21 November 1980DurhamPeterlee Secondary, Reorganisation, Establish 1, Tertiary CollegeA—3 August 1981
10 August 1979DorsetWeymouth and Portland Secondary, Reorganisation, Establish 1, Tertiary CollegeAm—10 May 1982
5 June 1981CroydonSecondary, Reorganisation, Establish 1, Tertiary CollegeR—19 February 1982
28 August 1981HampshireEstablish 1, Tertiary CollegeA—22 February 1982
11 September 1981DudleySecondary, Reorganisation, Establish 1, Tertiary CollegeA—21 April 1982
5 March 1982DurhamConsett Secondary, Reorganisation, Establish 1, Tertiary CollegeR—15 February 1983
18 March 1982EssexHarlow Secondary, Reorganisation, Establish 1, Tertiary CollegeA—24 January 1983
26 March 1982DurhamBishop Auckland/Newton, Aycliffe Secondary, Reorganisation, Establish 1, Tertiary CollegeR—14 March 1983
26 March 1982WiltshireSwindon Secondary, Reorganisation, Establish 1, Tertiary CollegeA—10 November 1982
30 April 1982HumbersideGrimsby and Cleethorpes, Secondary, Reorganisation, Establish 1, Tertiary CollegeR—22 December 1982
10 June 1982LancashireEstablish 1, Tertiary CollegeA—17 January 1983
8 July 1982CumbriaWest Cumbria Secondary, Reorganisation, Establish 1, Tertiary CollegeR—10 May 1983
28 July 1982WolverhamptonBilston, Establish 1, Tertiary CollegeAm—7 April 1983
30 July 1982HarrowEstablish 3, Tertiary CollegesAm—20 September 1983
11 August 1982North YorkshireSelby Secondary, Reorgansisation, Establish 1, Tertiary CollegeA—6 April 1983
1 December 1982AvonWeston Super Mare, Establish 1, Tertiary CollegeR—21 February 1984
3 December 1982HampshireBrockenhurst, Establish 1, Tertiary CollegeADI—15 February 1983

the event of the proposals of the Bide (IT 86) Committee being accepted, to provide new money to keep basic research in information technology running at the present levels.

The Government are considering the recommendations of the committee, chaired by Sir Austin Bide, and the resource implications for basic research in information technology both within and outside the areas covered by the committee's report. The Government will make their decision known in due course.

Tertiary Colleges

asked the Secretary of State for Education and Science whether he will list, in tabular form, proposals put to him involving tertiary colleges since 1979, indicating in each case whether the proposals were approved, modified or rejected, the reasons for each rejection, the number of students at each tertiary college proposed and whether there was an existing sixth form college.

Information is not available in precisely the form requested. The table lists the statutory proposals published since August 1979 which involve the establishment of tertiary colleges, and shows whether these proposals were approved or rejected by my right hon. Friend or his predecessors. Information on the reasons for each rejection, on the number of students at each proposed tertiary college, and on whether there was an existing sixth form college, is not recorded centrally and could only be provided at disproportionate cost.

Date published

LEA

Proposal

Decision1 and date

10 December 1982GloucestershireForest of Dean Secondary, Reorganisation, Establish 1, Tertiary CollegeAm—3 April 1984
28 January 1983LancashireRossendale Secondary, Reorganisation, Establish 1, Tertiary CollegeR—10 August 1983
16 February 1983LancashireBlackburn Secondary, Reorganisation, Establish 1, Tertiary CollegeA—8 March 1984
4 March 1983HampshireFareham Secondary, Reorganisation, Establish 1, Tertiary CollegeA—24 October 1983
4 March 1983KnowsleyPrescot, Establish 1, Tertiary CollegeAm—29 September 1983
22 April 1983CalderdaleHalifax Secondary, Reorganisation, Establish 1, Tertiary CollegeR—14 November 1983
30 September 1983DurhamConsett Secondary, Reorganisation, Establish 1, Tertiary CollegeAm—3 December 1984
3 November 1983LancashireSkelmersdale, Establish 1, Tertiary CollegeA—12 April 1984
13 July 1984StaffordshireNewcastle under Lyme Secondary, Reorganisation, Establish 1, Tertiary CollegeA—15 February 1985
20 September 1984KirkleesDewsbury, Establish 1, Tertiary CollegeA—28 October 1936
9 January 1985WolverhamptonSecondary Reorganisation, Establish 2, Tertiary CollegesR—25 November 1985
22 April 1985BuryEstablish 1, Tertiary CollegeA—15 April 1986
31 May 1985ManchesterEstablish 2, Tertiary CollegesA—22 April 1986
6 September 1985OxonEstablish I, Tertiary CollegeA—15 September 1986
30 September 1985SunderlandSecondary, Reorganisation, Establish 3, Tertiary CollegesAm—3 November 1986
24 October 1985SheffieldSecondary, Reorganisation, Establish 8, Tertiary CollegesAm—23 December 1986
14 October 1985South TynesideSecondary, Reorganisation, Establish 1, Tertiary CollegeA—9 October 1986
30 January 1986GatesheadSecondary, Reorganisation, Establish 1, Tertiary CollegeProposal subject of a Judicial Review
16 May 1986EssexWest Essex Secondary, Reorganisation, Establish 1, Tertiary CollegeN/D
30 May 1986AvonSouth Bristol, Reorganisation, Establish 1, Tertiary CollegeR—27 January 1987
23 October 1986DudleySecondary, Reorganisation, Establish 1, Tertiary CollegeN/D
14 November 1986DurhamBishop Auckland Secondary, Reorganisation, Establish 1, Tertiary CollegeN/D
23 January 1987DerbyshireSecondary, Reorganisation, Establish 2, Tertiary CollegesN/D
5 March 1987NorthamptonshireEstablish 1, Tertiary CollegeN/D
27 March 1987ILEAHackney: Establish 4, Tertiary CollegesN/D

1 —Key to the symbols

A —Approved
Am —Approved with modifications
ADI—Authority determined to implement
N/D—No decision made to date

North-East

asked the Secretary of State for Education and Science how many full-time students attend first degree courses at institutions of higher education in the north-east; and how many were doing so in 1978–79.

In 1985 there were 20,800 full-time and sandwich first degree students studying at universities, polytechnics and colleges situated in the counties of Northumberland, Durham, Tyne and Wear and Cleveland. The corresponding figure in 1978 was 17,200.

Education Reforms

asked the Secretary of State for Education and Science if he will list the education reforms instituted since May 1979 together with any changes in the level of resources available to the education system; and if he will make a statement.

Pupils (Expenditure)

asked the Secretary of State for Education and Science what the increase in spending per pupil has been since 1979.

Between 1979–80 and 1985–86, the net institutional recurrent expenditure per primary and secondary pupil has increased, in real terms, by 19 per cent.

Teachers (Drug-Related Offences)

asked the Secretary of State for Education and Science if he will issue a circular to local education authorities to the effect that they should refrain from employing as a teacher any person convicted of a drug-related offence; and if he will make a statement.

My right hon. Friend does not consider the issue of a circular on employment of teachers convicted of drug offences to be necessary. Local education authorities are aware of the need to protect children arid young people from teachers who would be a risk to them, and my right hon. Friend whenever necessary uses his powers under the Education (Teachers) Regulations 1982 to bar such persons from teaching.

Newcastle-Upon-Tyne (Standards)

asked the Secretary of State for Education and Science whether he will ask Her Majesty's inspectors to make a general report on education standards in Newcastle-upon-Tyne.

It is for Her Majesty's inspectors to determine their programme of inspections of education in individual local education authorities. I understand that they have no plans to inspect overall educational provision in Newcastle-upon-Tyne. They do, however, carry out each year a large number of formal and informal inspections of schools and colleges in the authority. In addition they have a range of meetings with officers of the authority to discuss matters of education in the area.

Human Embryos (Experiments)

asked the Secretary of State for Education and Science if he will make it his policy that no Government funds or facilities will be used for the performing of experiments upon living human embryos before the introduction of the promised legislation on this matter.

No. The Government intend to await Parliament's decision on this issue. I would also refer my hon. Friend to my reply of 23 January at column 741 to my hon. Friend the Member for Stafford (Mr. Cash).

O-Level And Cse Examinations

asked the Secretary of State for Education and Science what is his estimate of the numbers of 1987 April school leavers who are to sit O-level and CSE examinations.

Information for the academic year 1986–87 is not available. There were 15,300 pupils reported as leaving English schools in the spring term of 1985 who attempted GCE O-level or CSE examinations in the summer of that year.

Student Grants

asked the Secretary of State for Education and Science further to his answer of 28 April, Official Report, columns 98–9, if he will make it his policy that no reductions in grant will be made to reflect the abolition of domestic rates payable by universities on residential accommodation for students.

The Government's plans for funding the universities are set out in the public expenditure White Paper (Cm 56). The UGC has no plans to change the system for reimbursing universities' rates payments in full.

Independent Schools

asked the Secretary of State for Education and Science if he intends to seek powers to extend his plans for a national curriculum to the independent schools sector; and if he will make a statement.

Science And Technology (Departmental Achievements)

asked the Secretary of State for Education and Science if he will give details of the achievements of his Department with respect to science and technology since 1979; and if he will make a statement on his plans for the future.

asked the Secretary of state for Education and Science (1) if he will give the average cost per pupil currently assisted under the assisted places scheme, for the most recent year for which figures are available;(2) what information he has about the average cost per pupil in the independent schools sector, for the most recent year for which figures are available;(3) if he will give the average cost per pupil by local authority in Greater Manchester and for England, for the most recent year for which figures are available.

(i) The average cost to my Department per assisted place pupil is £1,759 for the 1986–87 school year.(ii) No information is available on the average cost per pupil in the independent school sector.(iii) The net institutional expenditure per pupil in 15 maintained primary and secondary schools for Greater Manchester and for England was as follows in 1985–86, the latest year for which information is available. Net institutional expenditure does not include the cost of school meals, central administration and inspection costs, capital expenditure or the financing costs of capital.

Local authorityPrimary schoolsSecondary schools
£ (cash)£ (cash)
Bolton7201,115
Bury7151,175
Manchester9051,425
Oldham8151,095
Rochdale7951,275
Salford7901,200
Stockport7401,115
Tameside8151,160
Trafford7351,140
Wigan7851,230
England8051,175

Natural Environment Research Council

asked the Secretary of State for Education and Science if he will list the organisations that have received research funds from the Natural Environment Research Council. the projects that have been funded, and the amounts they have received since 1979.

The information on individual projects supported by the Natural Environment Research Council since 1979 can only be provided at disproportionate cost. The list of organisations and the research funds received by them are given in the council's annual reports, copies of which are in the Library.

asked the Secretary of State for Education and Science if he will list the research projects undertaken by the Freshwater Biological Association and funded by the Natural Environment Research Council that are to be discontinued.

No decision has yet been taken to discontinue any research project undertaken by the Freshwater Biological Association and funded by the Natural Environment Research Council.

Rural Schools

asked the Secretary of State for Education and Science if he will make a statement on his policy on the closure of schools in rural areas.

Following wide consultation, I shall be issuing later this week a circular giving comprehensive advice on school provision and organisation. The circular will make it clear that I shall expect local authorities and voluntary bodies, in formulating their proposals, to take account of the general principles set out in the White Paper "Better Schools" about the size at which schools of different types can economically deliver a satisfactory curriculum; but that these principles are not to be interpreted as narrowly prescriptive or as providing a set of benchmarks for the closure of schools.I recognise the wide degree of support that many rural schools command within their local communities. The circular will confirm that assessing the viability of an individual school is not solely a matter of the number of pupils on roll. I would expect proposals also to take account of wider considerations such as denominational choice; local geography; the distances to be travelled to alternative schools in the event of closure; and the age of the children making these journeys.

Home Department

Burglary

asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department what was the increase in burglary in the Merseyside police authority area between (a) 1974 and 1979 and (b) 1979 and 1986.

Numbers of offences recorded in each police force area are published each year in the Command Paper "Criminal Statistics, England and Wales" and most recently in a Home Office statistical bulletin (table 6 of issue 4/87). The number of offences of burglary recorded by the Merseyside police decreased by an average of 2 per cent. per year between 1975 and 1979 and increased by an average of 9 per cent. per year between 1979 and 1986. Because the Merseyside police force was constituted on 1 April 1974, comparable figures based on the year 1974 are not available.

Electoral Registration

asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department why, pursuant to the answer of 26 February, Official Report, column 347, he is unwilling to change the electoral registration form to inform voters that their names and addresses may be sold without reference to them, or to give voters the option of not having their name and address sold to other organisations.

It is of overriding importance to ensure that the electoral register is as complete as possible. A warning notice might discourage people from registering. The electoral register is a public document, but it is open to those who do not wish their addresses to be used for mailing purposes to inform the mailing preference service of the fact.

Remand Hearings

asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department if he will publish details of the research on remand hearings to which the Minister of State, the hon. and learned Member for Putney (Mr. Mellor), referred on 31 March, Official Report, column 916, including information as to the nature and size of the sample and the number of occasions at each successive court appearance at which (a) successful and unsuccessful bail applications were made and (b) other progress with the case was made.

The research mentioned was that undertaken by the court escort scrutiny which analysed a sample of 400 prisoners in custody during March 1985. The remaining information requested is not available.

Custodial Remands

asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department (1) whether he will give the grounds which led his Department to suggest in paragraph 8 of the consultation document, "Remands in Custody", that the courts escort scrutiny report's sample of 400 prisoners over-represented long-term prisoners, and that the report's estimate of the average length of remands in custody exceeded the Home Office's estimates; and whether he will recalculate the savings to be expected from the proposal advanced in the consultation document on the basis of an appropriate sample;(2) whether, in relation to the courts escorts scrutiny report, he will provide details as to how the sample of 400 prisoners was selected, giving informations about the sampling method and the population from which the sample was drawn.

I understand that the sample of 401) prisoners in the court escort scrutiny report was chosen from the prison population in March 1985 rather than from receptions of prisoners on remand over a specific period. If no special allowance were made, the court escort scrutiny sample would therefore include a higher proportion of defendants remanded in custody for long periods. The more recent analysis referred to in paragraph 8 of the consultation document comes from the results of a sample of about 2,750 people whose cases were completed in magistrates' courts in three weeks between June 1985 and February 1986. The most recent analysis of data from this sample was published in Home Office statistical bulletin 5/1987, a copy of which is in the Library. No estimates have been made of savings which could occur on the basis of a different sample, since it was judged that any variations in the available estimates are small and do not affect the main conclusions of the survey that many remand appearances were unproductive of any useful results as regards the expedition of the case.

asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department if he will state, in respect of the most convenient recent year or other appropriate period, the number of persons who, an their appearance in a magistrates' court, having been remanded in custody on the previous occasions, were disposed of respectively by (a) trial, (b) committal, (c) further remand in custody for one week or less, or (d) who exercised an option under section 59 of the Criminal Justice Act 1982, providing the figures for each of the above four categories separately in respect of appearances in court on the second, third, fourth and subsequent occasion as applicable up to the twelfth.

The information collected centrally relates to the final court appearance only and whether or not the person was remanded in custody by magistrates at any time before this appearance. Table 8·7 of the annual Command Paper "Criminal Statistics England and Wales" gives information on the disposal, of those remanded in custody by magistrates courts. More detailed information is not available.

asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department whether he will provide the most recent information available about the extent to which defendants take up the option under section 59 of the Criminal Justice Act 1982 not to appear at certain remand hearings; and whether he will provide figures showing the take up by length of remand period and by area.

The results reported in Home Office research and planning unit paper 34 "Remands In The Absence Of The Accused", published in 1985, showed that between one third and one half of opportunities to be remanded in absence were taken up. Similar results are contained in the report of the court escort scrutiny. Information on take up by length of remand period and by area is not available.

asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department whether he will publish the findings of the courts escorts scrutiny committee separately for summary and committal cases, showing the number of prisoners in their sample of 400 who were bailed at their second, third, fourth and subsequent appearances.

This information is not available and could not be provided without disproportionate cost.

Cruelty To Animals

asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many representations he has received following the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals campaign to amend the Protection of Animals Act 1911 and the introduction of the Private Member's Bill by the hon. Member for Bury. South (Mr. Sumberg).

Since 1 March, we have received 459 letters from right hon. and hon. Members about the campaign by the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. From members of the public we have received 347 letters about the campaign and 17,650 postcards pre-printed by the RSPCA as part of its campaign material.

Bugging Devices

asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department whether he intends to bring forward legislation to prevent the open unrestricted sale of bugging devices for commercial and domestic telephones, and the issuing of guidance and information about their installation; and if he will make a statement.

I do not believe that such legislation directed to the sale of such devices would be the best or most effective way to deal with the issues of privacy that arise.

Prisons

asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many prisoners have access to integral sanitation; how many are obliged to slop out; what plans he has to improve toilet facilities in prisons; and if he will make a statement.

asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many places in prisons have been provided since June 1983 in (a) newly built prisons, (b) existing premises acquired for use as prisons and (c) additional places in existing prisons.

The following additional new prison places have been provided since June 1983:

Places
a) at newly built prisons1,084
b) at existing premises acquired for use as prisons750
c) additional places in existing establishments1,826

asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many additional places in prisons will be provided between now and 1995 in (a) newly built prisons, (b) existing premises acquired for use as prisons and (c) additional places in existing prisons.

The following additional new prison places will be provided between now and 1995:

Places
a) at newly built prisons9,384
b) at existing premises acquired for use as prisons250
c) additional places in existing establishments4,061

Telephone Tapping

asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many prosecutions have been brought against private individuals and organisations for the illegal tapping of telephone calls since 1983; and how many of these prosecutions resulted in convictions.

The information which is held centrally, which may be incomplete, indicates that there were no prosecutions or convictions since 1983 for the illegal tapping of telephones under either the Telecommunications Act 1984 or the Interception of Communications Act 1985. Information for 1986 or 1987 is not yet available.

asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many complaints his Department has received from private individuals and organisations since 1983 concerning the suspected tapping of telephone calls.

North-East

asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many police officers are serving in the north-east constabularies; and how many were serving in 1978.

Force

Authorised police establishment on 31 December 1978

Strength on 31 December 1978

Authorised police establishment on 31 March 1987

Strength on 31 March 1987

Durham1,3491,2891,3571,307
Northumbria3,3253,2083,4133,402
Cleveland1,4111,3111,4741,462
Totals6,0855,8086,2446,171

Police Station Closures

asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many police stations have been closed in Wales since 1979 both overall and by individual police authority area.

I understand from the chief constables concerned that the information requested is as follows:

Police force—police authorityNumber of police stations closed since 1979
Dyfed Powys17
Gwent
North Wales2
South Wales7
Total26

Mohammad Jamil Khan

asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department when Mohammad Jamil Khan applied to the British embassy in Islamabad for a visa to visit the United Kingdom; for how long he wishes to visit; on what date the application was referred to the Home Office; and when he expects a decision on the application to be made by his Department.

Mohammad Jamil Khan applied to the British embassy in Islamabad on 5 January for a visa for a six-month visit to relatives in the United Kingdom. Since the application did not appear to be straightforward, it was referred to the Home Office on 11 January for inquiries to be made in this country. This has taken longer than I would have wished, but the inquiries should be completed by the end of the month. Their result will be sent to the embassy, who will make a decision on Master Khan's application and inform his father of it direct. This delay is by no means typical of applications made in Islamabad, where over 90 per cent. of visit visa cases are dealt with on the same day.

Aids

asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department whether he has any plans to arrange for staff of his Department to be screened for antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus.

asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department whether any current or former staff of his Department have been found to have developed AIDS or antibodies to HIV.

[pursuant to his reply, 30 March 1987, c. 343]: I refer my hon. Friend to the reply given to him by my hon. Friend the Minister for Health on 22 April at column 627–8.

asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department what steps he has taken to ensure that staff of his Department are warned about those homosexual and other activities which are deemed to involve a high risk of AIDS infection.

[pursuant to his reply, 30 March 1987, c.344]: In April 1986, the Management and Personnel Office, after consulting the Government's chief medical officer, circulated to all Departments guidance to managers and model notes for staff. This Department has issued guidance and information to staff whose duties may put them in contact with AIDS sufferers, or with samples containing the virus. Information has also been provided to personnel management and welfare staff. In addition. members of staff will have received copies of the DHSS leaflet distributed in January 1987 to all households in the United Kingdom. The need for further advice to staff is under review.

Prime Minister

Police Investigations

Q38.

asked the Prime Minister if she has any plans to seek to alter the arrangements under which the Attorney-General can direct the police to pursue investigations into specific matters at named locations; and if she will make a statement.

No. I am advised that the Attorney-General has no power to direct the police to pursue any investigations.

"Better Made In Britain" Exhibition

Q57.

asked the Prime Minister if she will make a statement on her visit to the "Better Made in Britain" exhibition on Wednesday 8 April.

I was delighted to be able to open the two "Better Made in Britain" exhibitions on 8 April."Better Made in Britain" plays an important role in bringing together purchasers and potential suppliers, challenging United Kingdom manufacturers to match foreign goods in design, quality, price and delivery. I hope that the very large number of United Kingdom suppliers who visited the two exhibitions will vigorously follow up the contracts which they made there, to win back more United Kingdom business, with all this means for profits, jobs and living standards in the United Kingdom.

Scott Lithgow (Orders)

Q109.

asked the Prime Minister when she now expects Her Majesty's Government to place the order promised to Scott Lithgow at the time an order was awarded to Vickers, Barrow in Furness for the construction of conventional submarines; and if she will make a statement.

It is the Government's wish to place these orders with Scott Lithgow, provided the company meets the terms outlined by my hon. Friend on 28 January 1986 at column 449. Negotiations are still continuing with the company.

Farming

asked the Prime Minister if she will publish a table showing the level of financial support for the farming industry alongside that for other major industries.

I refer my hon. Friend to the reply that my right hon. Friend the Chief Secretary gave to my hon. Friend the Member for Croydon, South (Sir W. Clark) on 2 March at columns 518–520, which pointed out that in 1985, the latest year available, general Government expenditure in support of agriculture, forestry and fishing was £2,821 million compared with £2,432 million on manufacturing as a whole. A more detailed analysis could only be provided at disproportionate expense.

Northern Region

asked the Prime Minister whether she will list Government achievements in the northern region since 1983; and whether she will make a statement.

asked the Prime Minister whether she will list, by Government Department, the principal aid given to the northern region in each year since 1983.

State Security

asked the Prime Minister what is her practice in relation to answering parliamentary questions about security matters which occurred under previous Administrations; and if she will make a statement.

I refer the hon. Member to the reply I gave to the hon. Member for Linlithgow (Mr. Dalyell) on 10 February at column 161, and to the reply I gave to the hon. Member for Newcastle upon Tyne, East (Mr. Brown) on 28 April at column 160.

asked the Prime Minister by what authority her press secretary briefed the media about the scope and nature of the 1977 inquiries into the alleged activities of the security services in relation to the Government headed by Lord Wilson of Riveaulx; and if she will make a statement.

I refer the right hon. Gentleman to the reply I gave to my right hon. Friend the Member for Dover (Mr. Rees) on 17 March at column 812, and to the reply I gave to the right hon. Gentleman the Member for Devonport (Dr. Owen) on 19 March at column 1038.

Engagements

asked the Prime Minister if she will list her official engagements for Tuesday 5 May.

asked the Prime Minister if she will list her official engagements for Tuesday 5 May.

asked the Prime Minister if she will list her official engagements for Tuesday 5 May.

This morning I had meetings with ministerial colleagues and others. In addition to my duties in this House I shall be having further meetings later today.

Trade And Industry

Trade

asked the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry if he will list the principal achievements of his Department in promoting British trade since 1983.

I refer my hon. Friend to the answer given by my right hon. Friend the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry on Tuesday 16 December 1986 at column 438.

End-User Certificates

asked the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry what steps he takes to monitor compliance with end-user certificates; how many contraventions have been notified to him over the latest period for which figures are available; what steps he takes to investigate alleged contraventions of the terms of such certificates; and if he will make a statement.

Naval Construction

asked the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry how many contracts have been placed in British shipyards by foreign Governments for the construction of naval vessels so far in the current year; and if he will give details in the Official Report.

It is not the Government's practice to reveal details of sales of defence equipment to foreign countries, for reasons of confidentiality. However, this year so far there have been no contracts for the construction of warships in British yards by foreign Governments.

Regional Aid

asked the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry how many jobs have been created or safeguarded in the Northern region through regional development grants and regional selective assistance in each year since 1983.

The number of jobs expected to be created or safeguarded in the northern region' through offers of new-style regional development grant and regional selective assistance in each financial year since 1983 are as follows:

Financial Year

Jobs

New-Style Regional Development Grants

1983–84

2Nil

1984–85846
1985–8611,340
1986–8718,389

Regional Selective Assistance

1983–8414,133
1984–8513,579
1985–865,984
1986–879,600

1 The Northern Region is the North East Region plus Cumbria.

2 The new-style RDG came into force with effect from 29 November 1984.

Notes:

(1) Since old-style RDG's were not linked to the creation or preservation of jobs no estimate is available of the effect on employment of payments under that scheme.

(2) Some RSA and RDG offers will relate to the same jobs but it is not practicable accurately to identify these.

(3) The figures for both schemes are based on offers made.

New Companies

asked the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry how many new companies have been registered in the northern region in each year since 1979.

Wine Sales

asked the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry (1) what meetings he has held with the local authorities co-ordinating body on trading standards during the last 12 months to discuss sales of wine by the glass; what conclusion he has reached on the basis of their representations about the effectiveness of the code of conduct relating to the sale of wine in prescribed measures and at agreed prices; if he will now introduce legislation to place the code on a statutory basis; and if he will make a statement;(2) if he will list the options he has considered with the local authorities co-ordinating body on trading standards and with the trade sponsors of the code of conduct on the sales of wine by measured glass; and what steps he has in mind to establish stronger compliance with the code.

I have not discussed sales of wine by the glass with the local authorities co-ordinating body on trading standards in the last 12 months. The Department has, however, met the trade sponsors of the voluntary code of practice and impressed on them the need to secure more widespread compliance. The alternative would be legislation to require wine to be sold in a range of prescribed standard sizes or by reference to volume without the restriction of a prescribed range. The results of the most recent survey forwarded to the Department by a local authority indicate that adherence to the code is gaining momentum. Legislation would not therefore be appropriate at the present time.

South Africa

asked the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry (1) how many of the 7,300 black Africans reported in his Department's recent summary of company responses under the EEC code of conduct for companies with interests in South Africa as being paid below the SLL5 in the period ended 30 June 1985 were at the time employed by companies which by 30 June 1986 had stopped reporting to his Department or parts of companies which had or been sold by the company reporting;(2) how many of the 7,300 black Africans reported in his Department's recent summary of company responses under the EEC code of conduct for companies with interests in South Africa as being paid below the SLL5 in the period ended 30 June 1985 were employed by companies which had reduced their black African workforces by June 1986 to fewer than the number of employees they reported below SLL5 the previous year; and what numerical effect such work force reductions have had on the total number of black Africans his Department considers to be being paid below SLL5.

The information is contained in the individual company reports submitted to my Department in accordance with the EC code of conduct for companies with interests in South Africa. The reports have, as usual, been deposited in the Library.

Wales

Road Works

asked the Secretary of State for Wales what are his Department's scheduled starting dates, respectively, for improvements on the A487, for (a) the Felinheli bypass, (b) the Pont Selont improvements, (c) the Penygroes Uanllyfni bypass, (d) the Porthmadog bypass and (e) the Felinheli-Caernarfon south improvement; arid what priority Gwynedd county council has indicated to his Department for all five of these schemes.

The A487 Port Dinorwic bypass (ie, Felinheli bypass), the A487 Seiont bridge and approaches scheme and the A487 Caernarfon-south of Port Dinorwic improvement are all expected to start in the period January 1988 to December 1990 in accordance with "Roads in Wales 1985". The start dates will depend on the completion of statutory procedures and scheme design and the availability of finance. Bypass schemes for Penygroes, Llanllyfni and Porthmadog are not included in the forward programme but the case for such improvements is being considered in drawing up the programme for the 1990s. In response to the consultation paper "Roads for Wales - The 1990s and Beyond", Gwynedd county council urged that projects programmed to start before 1990 should start as planned and indicated that bypasses for Porthmadgc, Penygroes and Llanllyfni were of equal priority for a start in the early 1990s.

Cardiac Services

asked the Secretary of State for Wales whether his Department has sought to obtain cardiac services for National Health Service patients in Gwynedd or Clwyd by purchasing such services from private practitioners in England; and if he will make a statement on his policy on this matter.

My Department is presently exploring with the appropriate district health authorities a range of options to secure early improvement in cardiac services to patients in north Wales, including the provision of the service by private sector hospitals. No decision has yet been made.

Footpaths

asked the Secretary of State for Wales, pursuant to his reply of 27 April, Official Report, column 50, whether objections have been received relating to footpaths ascending Pen yr Oleu Wen (655619), Carnedd Dafydd (663631), Carnedd Llewelyn (685645), Foel Grach (689659), Yr Elen (673652), Penyrhelgi-du (698631), Pen lithrig y wrach, Y Garn (632596), Tryfan (664594), Glyder Fawr (643579), Glyder Fach (657584), Elidir Fawr (613614), Mynydd Perfedd (624618), Foelgoch (628613), Moel Siabod (705546), Crib Goch (625553), Llwyedd (624533), Cnicht (645466), Moel Hebog (565469), Mynydd Mawr, (540547) or Moel Eilis (556576); and when he now expects the footpaths in question to appear on definitive maps of rights of way.

The information requested is not readily available and could only be obtained at disproportionate cost. The timetable for the production of a definitive map for Gwynedd is a matter for Gwyedd county council.

Town And Country Planning

asked the Secretary of State for Wales what new legislative provisions he anticipates will be required to supplement the existing town and country planning legislation in order fully to implement the European directive on environmental assessment.

A consultation paper on the implementation in the United Kingdom of the European directive on environmental assessment was issued jointly by the Secretaries of State for the Environment, Wales and Scotland in April 1986. This paper outlined the legislative proposals (including those in relation to projects in England and Wales which fall to be approved under the Town and Country Planning Acts) which it is proposed to bring into effect by statutory instrument under the European Communities Act 1972 beore 2 July 1988, the date by which the directive requires member states to take measures to comply with the directive. The responses to that consultation paper are still being considered.

A5 (Improvements)

asked the Secretary of State for Wales how much money has been spent on major road improvements on the A5 trunk road in Wales during each of the last seven years; and what is the planned expenditure, at November 1986 prices, on this road for the next four years, including the present financial year.

The information requested is as follows:

Outturn expenditure1
£ million
1980–812·496
1981–821·323
1982–834·339
1983–842·729

£ million

1984–850·888
1985–860·327
1986–870·121

1 These figures exclude expenditure on the A5/A55 Bangor By-pass as this was included in the information on A55 expenditure given to the hon. Gentleman on 27 April 1987, at column 49.

Planned expenditure at November 1986 prices1

£ million

1987–881·742
1988·89

20·526

1989·90

23·262

1990–91

25·436

Later years

216·28

1 This includes expenditure on the A5/A483 Chirk By-pass.

2 These figures exclude expenditure on land which is expected to amount to some £0·881 million in the years beyond 1987–88.

Expenditure in 1987–88 and later years on schemes not yet in progress will depend on the completion of design and statutory procedures and the availability of finance.

Studies are being carried out or are planned for A5 on Anglesey and for locations on the mainland. These may give rise to additional improvement schemes.

Aids

asked the Secretary of State for Wales whether he has any plans to arrange for staff of his Department to be screened for antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus.

asked the Secretary of State for Wales whether any current or former staff of his Department have been found to have developed AIDS or antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus.

[pursuant to his reply, 30 March 1987]: I refer my hon. Friend to the answer given by my hon. Friend the Minister for Health on Wednesday 22 April at column 628.

asked the Secretary of State for Wales what steps he has taken to ensure that staff of his Department are warned about those homosexual and other activities which are deemed to involve a high risk of AIDS infection.

[pursuant to his reply, 30 March 1987, c. 349]: Staff in the Department have received copies of the leaflet on AIDS which was sent to every household in the country earlier in the year. In addition information which is more specific to employment issues—and based on guidance from the Management and Personnel Office and on the booklet "Aids and Employment"—has recently been issued to all staff.

Foreign And Commonwealth Affairs

East Timor

asked the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what recent representations Her Majesty's Government have received or made concerning military offensives by Indonesia in East Timor.

We have no evidence to support suggestions that Indonesia has launched military offensives in East Timor in recent months. Our impression is that the situation in East Timor is generally quiet, though minor incidents may still occur in those areas where low-level conflict persists.

Soviet Jews

asked the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs if he will give the estimated figures of Soviet Jews who have been allowed to emigrate from the Soviet Union during the month of April 1987.

717. This is an increase over the figure for March (470). We welcome this continuing trend.

Chemical Weapons

asked the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what assessment he has made as to the implications for the United Kingdom chemical industry under the requirements of article X of the United States draft treaty on chemical weapons.

Developments in the negotiations in Geneva are regularly discussed with the United Kingdom chemical industry.In general, verification of non-production of chemical weapons in civil industry will be through agreed arrangements providing for information exchange and on-site inspection at a number of declared chemical facilities.Article X of the United States draft treaty proposes arrangements for challenge inspection, the verification of last resort. By definition, a challenge inspection would be an exceptional event.

asked the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs whether he will review the United Kingdom's continued support for the modernisation of the United States' proportional share of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation chemical deterrent in the light of the position adopted by the United States at the conference on disarmament in the negotiations towards a chemical weapon treaty.

No. President Reagan reaffirmed with the Prime Minister at Camp David in November 1986 that a verifiable chemical weapons ban was one of their arms control priorities. We are working closely with the United States and other allies in Geneva to negotiate arrangements which will ensure that an agreement is fully effective.

Belize

asked the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs if he will make a statement on the outcome of the talks on Belize between the United Kingdom, Belize and Guatemala, in Miami.

Talks between Belize and Guatemala in Miami on 29 April were held in a frank and cordial atmosphere. British officials attended as observers. The delegations of Belize and Guatemala put forward proposals and agreed to report to their respective Governments.

asked the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs if he will make it his policy that the garrison in Belize shall be maintained as long as considered necessary by the Government of Belize.

As I told the hon. Member on 19 May 1986, it was agreed with the Belize Government at independence in 1981 that the British garrison will remain in Belize for an appropriate period.

Disarmament

asked the Secretary of State for Foreign arid Commonwealth Affairs when he next intends to meet his North Atlantic Treaty Organisation counterparts to discuss current discussions on disarmament.

The next ministerial-level meeting of the North Atlantic Council will be in June. Until then, the process of close Alliance consultations on arms control will continue through both multilateral and bilateral contacts.

South Africa (Terrorism)

asked the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what representations Her Majesty's Government made in the case of the trial of eight Namibians for their alleged contraventions of South Africa's Terrorism Act.

On 24 March, Her Majesty's ambassador in Cape Town made clear in a demarche to the South African Government our concern at evidence of human rights abuses by the security forces in Namibia.

National Finance

Personal Incomes

asked the Chancellor of the Exchequer what gains he estimates will accrue or have accrued to (a) the unemployed, (b) pensioners and (c) employed persons with incomes per year of (i) under £5,000, (ii) £10,000, (iii) £10,000 to £15,000, (iv) £15,000 to £20,000. (v) £20,000 to £30,000, (vi) £30,000 to £50,000, (vii) £50,000 to £70,000, (viii) £70,000 to £100,000 and (ix) over £100,000 (1) as a result of his Budget of 17 March and (2) cumulatively as a result of all Budgets since 1979; how many persons are in each group; and what has been the average gain for members of each group.

I regret the delay in replying to this question. The table gives estimates of reductions in income tax liabilities at 1987–88 income levels of the proposed allowances, thresholds and rates for 1987–88. Estimates are given for taxpayers aged over 65 and for employed persons (taken as those with earnings from employment as a main or subsidiary source of income): on this basis, some taxpayers may be in both categories and some of those shown as employed may have a spell of unemployment during the year. All information is in terms of single people and married couples. The proposed 1987–88 tax regime is compared with (1) the 1986–87 lax regime and (2) the 1978–79 tax regime, both indexed to 1987–88 levels by reference to the statutory provisions. Some of the income ranges have been combined in order to provide reliable estimates.No comparable figures are available for the unemployed. Income tax changes can have no direct effect on the net incomes of those who are not taxpayers, but income tax cuts in successive Budgets have helped improve incentives and stimulate enterprise and efficiency, thereby helping to create jobs.

Gains from the 1987 Budget
Gain compared with
Range of Income £ per yearNumber of tax units in 1987–882 MillionIndexed1 31986–87 tax regimeIndexed2 31978–79 tax regime
AmountAverage4 per taxAmountAverage4 per tax
£ millionunit £ per year£ millionunit £ per year
Employed Persons
Under 5,0002·25020240110
5,00–10,0005·9460801,560270
10,000–15,0004·76401402,210470
15,000–20,0002·55002101,680680
20,000–30,0001·44503101,6301,150
30,000–50,0000·51803601.0902,240
Over 50,0000·12202107606,590
Total17·32,3101309,620450
Taxpayers Aged 65 and over
Under 5,0000·710205080
5,000–10,0001·28050250200
10,000–15,0000·460160230650
15,000–20,0000·2402501801,170
20,000–30,0000·1403402602,050
Over 30,0000·07202405207,550
Total2·6230901,480570
1 Tax units where at least one member has earnings from employment as a main or subsidiary source of income.
2 Married couples are counted as one and their incomes combined.
3 By reference to the statutory formula.
4 By reference to the numbers paying tax in 1987–88.

Tax Reliefs And Allowances

asked the Chancellor of the Exchequer what is the aggregate value of the increase in tax reliefs and allowances of all kinds since May 1979 accruing to the richest 1 per cent., 5 per cent., 10 per cent., and 20 per cent., of earners; what is the breakdown by kind of relief or allowance; how many persons are in each of these categories; and what has been the average gain per earner in each of these categories.

Reductions in income tax liabilities in 1987–88 compared with the indexed 1978–79 tax regime
Source of income tax reduction (+)/increase (-)
Point of the income distribution1 in 1987–88
Top 1 per cent.Top 5 per cent.Top 10 per cent.Top 20 per cent.
Number of tax units2 in 1987–88—million0·21·12·14·2
Increases in personal allowances
Amount—£ million903806901,210
Average3 per tax unit—£ per year450360330290
Abolition of reduced rate band of 25p
Amount—£ per million-40-200-400-800
Average3 per tax unit—£ per year-170-190-190-190
Decrease in basic rate of 6p
Amount—£ million2601,2202,2003,620
Average3 per tax unit—£ per year1,2301,1501,040850
Increase in basic rate limit of £1,200
Amount—£ million130340410420

The information is available only for income tax personal allowances, thresholds and tax rates (including the investment income surcharge). Information in the table is given for the top 1 per cent, 5 per cent, 10 per cent. and 20 per cent. of taxpaying single people and married couples analysed by total income liable to tax. The table shows the reduction in income tax liabilities in a full year at 1987–88 income levels of the proposed 1987–88 income tax regime compared with the 1978–79 regime indexed to 1987–88 levels by reference to the statutory formula.

Point of the income distribution1 in 1987–88

Top 1 per cent.

Top 5 per cent.

Top 10 per cent.

Top 20 per cent.

Average3 per tax unit—£ per year600320190100
Changes in higher rate thresholds up to 60 per cent.
Amount—£ million590800800800
Average3 per tax unit—£ per year2,780750380190
Abolition of higher rates above 60 per cent.
Amount—£ million590590590590
Average3 per tax unit—£ per year2,780550280140
Abolition of investment surcharge
Amount—£ million290510610700
Average3 per tax unit—£ per year1,390480290160
Total reduction
Amount—£ million1,9203,6404,9006,530
Average3 per tax unit—£ per year9,0403,4302,3101,540

Note:—In the table, the effect of each change has been calculated on the assumption that each of the previous changes has already been made.

1 Based on 21·2 million single people and married couples expected to pay tax in 1987–88 and excluding a further 950,000 who would pay tax under the revalorised 1978–79 regime.

2 All information is in terms of tax units i.e. married couples are counted as one and their incomes combined.

3 By reference to the numbers paying tax in 1987–88.

Northern Region

asked the Chancellor of the Exchequer whether he will estimate the number of individual share owners in the northern region at present and in 1979.

The joint Treasury and stock exchange survey estimated that 16 per cent. of the adult population in the northern region owned shares at the beginning of 1987. I regret that comparable figures are not available for 1979, though the number of adults owning shares has trebled over the United Kingdom as a whole since 1979.

Mortgage Interest Relief

asked the Chancellor of the Exchequer whether he will bring up to date the information on mortgages and the price of dwellings referred to in the reply of 26 July 1985, Official Report, column 873; and if he will add a forecast for 1987.

Channel Tunnel

asked the Chancellor of the Exchequer, what progress has been made in the discussions between the European Investment Bank and Eurotunnel on the provision of the £1,000 million loan for the Channel tunnel project; if a decision has yet been made on the guaranteeing of the loan; and if he will make a statement.

A possible loan will be discussed at the next meeting of the board of directors. The question of guarantees will be one of the matters for consideration but it is accepted that there can be no question of a guarantee by the United Kingdom Government.

Building Societies

asked the Chancellor of the Exchequer whether he will introduce legislation to prevent the building societies from relying on a disclaimer in mortgage applications to avoid liability to purchasers of property for negligence on the part of the societies' own surveyor.

[pursuant to his reply]: No. Section 2(2) of the Unfair Contract Terms Act 1977 already provides that a person cannot by reference to any contract term or notice exclude or restrict his liability for negligence except in so far as the term or notice satisfies the requirement of reasonableness.

Income Tax

asked the Chancellor of the Exchequer what has been the total cost in 1986–87 prices of all reductions in rates of income tax since May 1979.

[pursuant to his reply, 28 April, 1987, c. 64]: The total cost, in a full year, of all changes since 1978–79 in income tax rates, including those proposed in the 1987 Budget, is £7,840 million at 1987–88 levels of income (equivalent to £7,540 million at 1986–87 prices). This amount includes the cost of changes in basic and higher rates and higher rate thresholds, and abolition of the investment income surcharge and the reduced rate band. It excludes the cost of changes in the levels of personal allowances which totals £4,030 million at 1987–88 levels of income (£3,875 million at 1986–87 prices). The calculation is made by comparing the total income tax liabilities in 1987–88 under the proposed 1987–88 income tax regime with those under the 1978–79 tax regime indexed to 1987–88 levels by reference to the statutory formula. Thus, the comparisons allow for budgetary changes in income tax rates and thresholds but not for any change in the definition of the tax base between 1978–79 and 1987–88. The forecast movement in the RPI has been used to calculate equivalent amounts at 1986–87 prices.

Aviation Fuel (Iran)

asked the Chancellor of the Exchequer if he will investigate the circumstances in which the oil tankers Paula Maersk and Ambio Fingo left Milford Haven laden with aviation fuel and ended up at Iran's Hormuz terminal; and if he will make a statement.

[pursuant to his reply, 30 April 1987, c. 232]: Since aviation fuel destined for Iran is not subject to export licensing requirements, there would appear to be no reason for investigating the circumstances in this case.

Channel Tunnel (Duty-Free Facilities)

asked the Chancellor of the Exchequer if he will make it his policy to ensure that duty-free facilities are made available to rail passengers utilising the Channel tunnel, commensurate with those available to cross-Channel passengers using alternative modes of transport; and if he will make a statement.

[pursuant to his reply, 1 May 1987, c. 290]: It is the Government's intention, so far as international obligations allow, to provide that travellers through the Channel tunnel will enjoy such duty-free facilities as are available to persons travelling by sea or air.It is not currently the practice within the Community to permit the sale of duty-free goods on board trains. Most member states have acceded to an agreed international standard which does not provide for such a facility. Duty-free sales could be allowed only with the agreement of the other member states concerned. This particular matter is being kept under review during discussions about the customs arrangements for the tunnel.It is expected that there will be duty-free shop facilities at the French and British terminals for the shuttle trains,

ie at Frethun and Cheriton.

The Arts

Acceptances In Lieu

asked the Minister for the Arts what use has been made by the Office of Arts and Libraries of the contingency resources for acceptance in lieu of tax in the current financial year.

As I announced on 19 March 1987 in response to a question from my hon. Friend the Member for Staffordshire, South (Mr. Cormack), at col. 561, the Government are acquiring Constable's "Stratford Mill" for the nation. The necessary resources will be made available from the 1987–88 public expenditure reserve. There will be no overall increase in public expenditure.

Opera North

asked the Minister for the Arts what information he has about the future funding of Opera North, Leeds; and if he will make a statement.

Opera North will receive Arts Council funding of £2·593 million for 1987–88 which includes £0·454 million for touring. In addition, the company has received about £0·032 million from the local authorities for its operations during the first three months of this financial year, and discussions are continuing about funding for the remainder of the year.

House Of Commons

Criminal Justice Bill

asked the Lord Privy Seal how many hours have been spent in Standing Committee and on the Floor of the House of Commons discussing the Criminal Justice Bill; and what was the cost to public funds.

The information is as follows:

Hours spent discussing the Criminal Justice Bill
Hours
In Standing Committee82·5
On the floor of the House of Commons21·0
No sensible estimate of the cost to the taxpayers is readily available.

Employment

Community Programme

asked the Paymaster General if he will list in the Official Report, the maximum number of approved places and permited average occupancy rates for all community programme projects which have been approved by managing agencies in the Borders region for each year since 1983, including those proposed in 1987–88.

The Borders regional council community programme agency is the only managing agent in the Borders region. Statistics on this agency are available from 1985, although not in the precise form requested. Prior to 1985, this information could only be obtained at disproportionate cost.

Borders Regional Council community programme agency.
Authorised placesAverage filled places
1985–86330267
1986–7329282
1987–8307261

Northern Region

asked the Paymaster General how many people have been placed in work by job centres in the northern region in each year since 1983.

Following is the available information. The figures exclude placings on Government schemes.

Number
198383,311
198492,094
198599,408
1986101,957

asked the Paymaster General (1) how many new jobs have been created in the northern region in each year since 1983;(2) how many people are self-employed in the northern region; and how many were so in 1979 and 1983.

There are no figures for job losses and job gains.The available information is as follows:

Northern Region

Changes in the size of the Civilian Employed Labour Force1 since the previous December

December of each year

Changes

1983-10,000
1984+19,000
1985+19,000
1986+10,000

1 The Civilian Employed Labour Force is the sum of Employees in Employment and the Self Employed.

Numbers of self-employed people (based on labour force surveys)

Number

197879,000
198392,000
1986107,000

asked the Paymaster General (1) how much will be spent on training and retraining in the northern region in the current year; and how much was spent in 1983;(2) how many places are being provided in each of his Department's training schemes in the current year in the northern region; and how many were so provided in 1983.

Inner-City Task Forces

asked the Paymaster General how many new jobs were created during the first year's operation of the eight inner-city task forces.

A principal aim of the task forces is to make it easier for residents in their areas to get jobs. However, it is not possible to measure total net additional jobs in the task force areas with accuracy. Any estimate would have to combine new jobs specifically associated with task force projects, jobs associated with business start-ups; jobs in firms helped by task force development funds, jobs created in agencies funded by the inner cities initiative and jobs gained by residents as a result of training courses facilitated by the initiative. We have not therefore yet attempted such an overall estimate.I have been very impressed with the progress made by our eight Government task forces. They have made considerable headway in countering problems of employability, motivation, skills and enterprise among residents of some of our most difficult areas. The considerable success of the task forces has, as I announced to the House on Monday 27 April, led us to extend the experiment to a further eight areas. We are confident that the new task forces will enjoy the same degree of success, and bring positive benefits to the residents of their areas.

Hazardous Substances

asked the Paymaster General in relation to the Control of Industrial Major Accidents and Hazards Regulations 1984, for how many large inventory top tier sites the area defined by the notification of institutions handling hazardous substances consultation distance, determined by the Health and Safety Executive for the site, exceed the area to which in the opinion of the enforcing authority the provisions of Control of Industrial Major Accidents and Hazards Regulation 12 should apply.

This information is not held centrally and could only be obtained at disproportionate cost.

asked the Paymaster General in relation to the Control of Industrial Major Accidents and Hazards Regulations 1984, (a) for how many large inventory top tier sites, and for what proportion of the total number of large inventory top tier sites, Control of Industrial Major Accidents and Hazards Regulations 11 and 12 have been complied with and (b) for how many small inventory top tier sites, and for what proportion of the total number of small inventory top tier sites, Control of Industrial Major Accidents and Hazards Regulations 11 and 12 have been complied with.

The information is not available in the form requested. Of the installations at which the Control of Industrial Major Accident Hazards Regulations 1984 apply, 173 are known to have prepared plans required by regulation 11. The number of installations at which actions is known to have been taken in respect of regulation 12 is 190.

asked the Paymaster General on what date amendments to the Control of Industrial Major Accidents and Hazards Regulations 1984 arising from European Community Directive 82/502/EEC will come into force.

Directive 87/216/EEC, which amends Directive 82/501/EEC, was adopted on 19 March 1987 and notified to Her Majesty's Government on 24 March 1987. Member states must comply with the amendment not later than 18 months after notification and it is intended that the required amendments to the Control of Industrial Major Accidents Hazards Regulations 1984 will be made within this time period.

Labour Statistics

asked the Paymaster General if, on the basis of the labour force survey, he will list how many (a) men, (b) women, (c) men and women (i) said they would like a job and were available to start work in the next two weeks, (ii) said they would like a job but were not available to start work in the next two weeks but had sought work in the last four weeks and (iii) said they would like a job; and if he will provide estimates for Scotland, Wales and each region.

asked the Paymaster General (1) if he will list the numbers employed in each parliamentary constituency in 1984, on the basis of his results from the labour force survey, showing for each constituency the gains and losses in employees since 1981;(2) if he will publish the April unemployment rates for the United Kingdom and each region, including Scotland and Wales, using the new employment estimate contained in the 1984 census of employment.

asked the Paymaster General if he will list the numbers employed in (a) manufacturing industry and (b) manufacturing and construction industry in each parliamentary constituency in 1984, on the basis of his results from the labour force survey, showing for each constituency, the gains and losses in (a) manufacturing and (b) manufacturing and construction employees since 1981.

The information requested is not available. The labour force survey only provides estimates at national and regional level and is not designed to provide information for smaller areas such as parliamentary constituencies. The available constituency figures are the same as given in my reply to the hon. Member on 10 April 1987, at columns 435–443.

asked the Paymaster General if he will list the number of people who have been continuously unemployed since June 1983 for each region of the country and for Scotland and Wales.

I refer the hon. Member to the answer given by my hon. Friend on 10 April 1987 at column 434.

Table 1
Establishments Covered by wages councils on register—January 1986
Wages CouncilsLondonSouth EasternEasternSouth WesternMidlandsNorth WesternYorkshire and HumbersideNorthernScotlandWalesTotal
Aerated Waters1010171105910025196411479
Clothing Manufacture1,7361335042121,3601,0004622103871796,183
Boot & Shoe Repairing87119221815723835923677241522,641
Button Manufacturing1835215651358
Coffin Furniture & Cerement Making12645927
Cotton Waste Reclamation41324142
Flax and Hemp111921
Fur16682961352141415335
General Waste Materials Reclamation1215815710230332426186127861,525
Hairdressing Undertakings2,1722,3174,8022,6015,3995,6713,2851,9392,9001,64432,731
Hat, Cap & Millinery223484112112723133
Lace Finishing1633168
Laundry159931298012762424812454918
Linen & Cotton Handkerchief1123191245184177
Made-up Textiles40125321474635233916332
Ostrich & Fancy Feather511131425
Perambulator & Invalid Carriage216195512133
Retail Bespoke Tailoring21236833642505616377575
Rope, Twine & Net116121622154271105
Sack & Bag129215321345698
Toy Manufacturing1320572235523911714270
Retail Trades (Non-Food)15,1548,83713,9487,18420,02612,1018,8814,2909,4193,876103,716
Retail Food & Allied Trades9,70910,80416,7589,08313,90815,19310,3547,74912,2485,218111,024
Licensed Non-Residential4,0244,4088,4275,20012,0979,7257,0834,0215,3714,05364,409
Licensed Residential Establishment and Licensed Restaurant6,6072,8893,8055,2672,7392,3771,8351,4673,8162,02632,828
Unlicensed Place of Refreshment3,9381,5682,2111,5421,6911,5681,2208971,55186817,054
Total45,00931,39451,43931,55458,23948,92633,89420,87636,44718,129375,907
Table 2
Checks of pay carried out at establishments and underpayments found—analysis by wages council 1986
All checks pay (visited and not visited)Inspections by visit
Establishments checkedPercentage of register checkedNumber of establishments underpayingPercentage of establishments underpayingEstablishments visitedPercentage of register visitedNumber of establishments visited underpayingPercentage of establishments visited underpaying
Aerated Waters6513·611·5326·713·1
Clothing Manufacturing88214·331535·785313·831536·9
Boot and Shoe Repairing2168·22310·61887·12312·2
Button Manufacturing1119·010·61119·0

Wages Councils

asked the Paymaster General if he will publish in the Official Report the statistics on wages councils employment and compliance with wages councils rates in 1986 in the same format used in the reply given on 17 April 1986, Official Report, columns 493–98; if he will also indicate the effect on employment in each wages council sector of the removal of young people from wages council coverage; and if he will show for each wages council the extent of underpayment of young people aged under 21 years before their removal from wages council coverage.

The information requested is given in the tables, except that statistics relating to underpayments of young people under the age of 21 are not available.Attempts to estimate the employment effects of the reforms implemented by the Wages Act 1986 are not likely to be fruitful, but the removal of statutory minima, which prevent employers from offering jobs at rates which young people would accept, must result in increased employment.

All checks pay (visited and not visited)

Inspections by visit

Establishments checked

Percentage of register checked

Number of establishments underpaying

Percentage of establishments underpaying

Establishments visited

Percentage of register visited

Number of establishments visited underpaying

Percentage of establishment:; visited underpaying

Cotton Furniture and Cerement Making311·1311·1133·3
Cotton Waste Reclamation511·9511·9
Fax and Hemp314·3314·3
Fur329·639·3329·639·4
General Waste Materials Reclamation16510·274·21619·974·3
Hairdressing and Undertakings3,64011·184623·22,3797·384635·6
Hat, Cap and Millinery1410·51410·5
Lace Finishing22·9150·022·9150·0
Laundry10611·52523·5909·82527·8
Linen and Cotton Handkerchief147·9428·5147·9428·6
Made-up Textiles4112·324·84112·324·9
Ostrich and Fancy Feather624·0116·6624·0116·7
Perambulator and Invalid Carriage39·139·1
Retail Bespoke Tailoring6311·0914·26010·4915
Rope, Twine and Net76·776·7
Sack and Bag88·2225·088·2225·0
Toy Manufacturing269·6623·0248·9625·0
Retail Trades (Non Food)8,0117·71,71321·34,6344·51,71337·0
Retail Food and Allied Trades10,8769·82,20820·35,5395·02,20839·9
Licensed Non-Residential6,1009·51,24620·45,2668·21,24623·7
Licensed Residential Eastablishment and Licensed Restaurant3,66211·21,24233·93,35010·21,24237·1
Unlicensed Place of Refreshment1,81610·655030·21,6019·455034·4
Total35,7779·58,20522·918,3886·58,20633·7

Table 3

Wages covered by wages councils and results of pay checks in 1986

Estimated number of workers covered by Wages Council Orders at June 1982

Workers whose pay was checked by visit and other methods

Workers whose pay was checked by visit

Workers under-paid

Percentage underpaid of all workers checked

Percentage underpaid of all workers checked by visit

Arrears paid £

Arrears waived by-workers £

Arrears not pursued £

Arrears assessed £

1

12

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

Aerated Waters15,0003,21268810·030·14646
Clothing Manufacture252,80017,38815,7049425·426·057,4532,94735,47895,878
Boot and Shoe Manufacturing7,100518447275·216·04,1514744615,086
Button Manufacturing2,100164164
Coffin Furniture and Cerement Making300313113·233·22020
Cotton Waste Reclamation5003939
Flax and Hemp1,4003434
Fur4,50015315331·962·0522522
General Waste Materials Reclamation19,3001,5011,475151·001·01,1472262121,585
Hairdressing Undertakings135,60011,5497,4461,1149·6515·0124,82027,24018,127170,187
Hat, Cap and Millinery6,800607607
Lace Finishing800232314·354·34343
Laundry33,7002,4771,965662,663·45,6831,1254,48111,289
Linen and Cotton Handkerchief5,200191191105·245·2615615
Made-up Textile4,80046746720·430·4157157
Ostrich and Fancy Feather1,40019219210·520·54848
Perambulator and Invalid Carriage1,500127127
Retail Bespoke Tailoring5,200190177105·265·62,3501362,486
Rope, Twine and Net4,000189189
Sack and Bag1,400525247·697·7263263
Toy Manufacturing18,900544515234·234·58163011,117
Retail Non-Food Trades512,80058,37818,9742,7824·7714·7361,30099,65683,966544,922
Retail Food and Allied Trades519,30058,28120,5314,2857·3520·9423,802150,91999,692674,413
Licensed non-Residential508,70048,69831,1342,6565·458·5269,98052,91046,405369,295
Licensed Residential and Restaurant555,30049,45730,7512,3704·797·7226,99533,34239,931300,268
Unlicensed Place of Refreshment116,40017,0497,2841,2207·1616·7108,22438,86219,816166,902
Total2,734,800271,511139,36015,5335·7211·11,588,435407,701349,0062,345,14

1 The estimates in column 2 include workers under the age of 21 who are no longer covered by wages councils. Work is in hand to prepare revised estimates.

Table 4

Checks of pay carried out at establishments and underpayments found—Analysis by division—1986

All checks of pay (visited and not visited)

Inspections by visit

Division

Establishments checked 1

Percentage of register checked 2

Number of establishments underpaying 3

Percentage of establishments underpaying 4

Establishments visited 5

Percentage of register visited 6

Number of establishments visited underpaying 7

Percentage of establish-ments visited underpaying 8

London2,8526·360821·32,2144·960827·5
South Eastern4,47414·364614·42,7498·864623·5
Eastern5,34110·497418·23,5887·097427·1
South Western2,3197·383235·91,8025·783246·2
Midlands4,7558·294319·82,6944·694335·0
North Western4,96010·11,39728·23,5697·31,39739·1
Yorkshire and Humberside3,48610·380523·12,2186·580536·3
Northern2,28410·984437·01,7418·384448·5
Scotland3,75410·365617·52,4336·765627·0
Wales1,5528·650032·21,3187·350037·9
Great Britain35,7779·58,20522·924,3266·58,20533·7

Note:

The Divisional figures for the number of establishments where pay was checked by methods not involving inspection visits include multiple firms whose head office is located in the Division whose branches are in other areas. This needs to be taken into account when comparing the Divisional figures shown in columns 1–4 of Table 4.

Table 5

Workers whose pay was checked in each wages inspectorate division—1986

Division

Workers whose pay was checked by visit and other methods

Workers whose pay was checked by visit

Workers underpaid

Percentage underpaid of all workers checked

Percentage underpaid of all workers checked by visit

Arrears paid

Arrears waived workers

Arrears not pursued

Total arrears assessed

£

£

£

£

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

London23,74312,8519474·07·4143,81440,07028,956212,840
South East30,67816,8021,0623·56·3105,81321,8419,374137,028
Eastern42,68820,8321,7834·28·6179,84344,04626,883250,772
South West13,5439,9761,61411·916·2144,74417,93342,966205,643
Midlands49,37016,4351,8333·711·2191,09552,87058,982302,947
North West41,66419,9052,7016·513·6292,07194,80458,510445,385
Yorkshire and Humberside22,50613,5711,5767·011·6148,63746,49722,998218,132
Northern10,6438,2681,75116·521·2147,81210,33716,214174,363
Scotland28,86413,7451,2004·28·7116,22439,50832,182187,914
Wales7,8126,9751,06613·615·3118,38239,79551,941210,118
Total271,511139,36015,5335·711·11,588,435407,701349,0062,345,142
The Divisional figures for the number of workers whose pay was checked by methods not involving inspection visits include workers employed by multiple firms whose head office is located in the Division, who are employed in branches in other areas. This needs to be taken into account when comparing the Divisional figures shown in columns 2 and 5 of Table 5.

Brentwood And Ongar (Training Schemes)

asked the Paymaster General if he will state the number of young people on various training schemes in the Brentwood and Ongar constituency, based on the most recent statistics available; and if he will make a statement.

The information is as follows. On 30 April 1987, in the Brentwood and Ongar local authority district, which includes the constituency of Brentwood and Ongar, there were 110 people in training on YTS schemes. In addition, a further 184 young people who live in Brentwood were in training in other YTS schemes in Essex.I am greatly encouraged by the success of YTS. It reflects well on all those involved in the programme, particularly industry and commerce, that YTS is now a high-quality training programme which offers our young people the best possible start in working life.

Dhss Benefits

asked the Paymaster General if he will publish a table giving the number of people in each Department of Health and Social Security office area in Scotland who have been refused entitlement to benefit (a) for failing the eligibility for work criteria and (b) following a Restart interview in the most recent period of 12 months for which figures are available.

"Can Workfare Work?"

asked the Paymaster General if he will detail all the costs involved in the study by Mr. John Burton on "Can Workfare Work?"

The research project into work fare carried out by the employment research centre of the university of Buckingham cost £19,926.

Professor Addison (Study)

asked the Paymaster General if he will detail all the costs incurred in the study by Professor Addison of the University of North Carolina; and when the report will be made available.

The study by Professor Addison was part of the research project into workfare carried out by the university of Buckingham. The total cost of the project was £19,926. It is not possible to provide specific cost figures for particular aspects of the project.I understand that the employment research centre at the university intends to publish Professor Addison's report soon.

"Action For Jobs"

asked the Paymaster General what is his policy towards the distribution of the Manpower Services Commission pack, "Action for Jobs" by persons outside his Department.

The "Action for Jobs" booklet is a guide to over one million opportunities available through over 30 employment, enterprise and training programmes. The opportunities are freely available to a wide range of people and we have therefore encouraged as large a distribution of the booklet as possible. This includes distribution through banks, post offices and other organisations so as to reach as many people as can benefit from it. Over 5 million copies have been taken up so far.

Environment

Prc (Homes) Ltd

asked the Secretary of State for the Environment how many individual guarantees have been issued by PRC (Homes) Ltd. to date in respect of completed repair works.

I understand from PRC Homes Ltd. that. as at 1 April 1987, 1,423 houses had been registered in England and Wales under the PRC Homes Ltd. warranty scheme; and that, of these, 396 had had their repairs completed.

Equipment Sales

asked the Secretary of State for the Environment if he will make a statement on the way in which the Property Services Agency and contractors conducted the sale of equipment used for building the airport at Mount Pleasant in the Falklands.

Most of the equipment used in the building of the Mount Pleasant airport was bought, and consequently owned, by the contractor, Laing-Mowlem-ARC Joint Venture. Disposal of that equipment is entirely a matter for the joint venture.

In respect of surplus stores and equipment sold by PSA, I refer to the reply I gave to the hon. Member for Newham, North-West (Mr. Banks) on 24 November at column 43. That sale realised net receipts to the Exchequer of just over £500,000.

Local Government Expenditure