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Job Creation

Volume 124: debated on Thursday 10 December 1987

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To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, pursuant to his reply of 26 November, Official Report, column 293, how many jobs in manufacturing industry in Scotland were created for each year since 1975.

[holding answer 7 December 1987]: Estimates of employees in employment in Scottish manufacturing industries, along with comparable estimates for the service sector and total employees in Scotland, are as follows:

Employees in employment in Scotland: thousands, mid-year
(Changes on a year earlier in brackets)
ManufacturingServicesTotal
1975645 (-38)1,158 (+30)2,076 (-8)
1976615 (-30)1,182 (+24)2,071 (-5)
1977622 (+7)1,182 (-)2,071 (-)
1978611 (-11)1,190 (+8)2,067 (-4)
1979604 (-7)1,224 (+34)2,102 (+35)
1980564 (-40)1,244 (+20)2,082 (-20)
1981510 (-54)1,233 (-11)2,002 (-80)
1982477 (-33)1,228 (-5)1,950 (-52)
1983444 (-33)1,216 (-12)1,899 (-51)
1984434 (-10)1,231 (+15)1,901 (+2)
1985430 (-4)1,244 (+13)1,904 (+3)
1986410 (-20)1,260 (+16)1,888 (-16)
1987398 (-12)1,278 (+18)1,890 (+2)
Changes between
1975–87-247+120-186
1979–87-206+54-212
1983–87-46+62-9
Some of the decrease in the figures for manufacturing will be the result of the reclassification of jobs such as industrial cleaning, catering, computer services and road haulage previously done by manufacturers' own employees and now done by sub-contractors. This developing feature of our economy has the effect of exaggerating the extent of the move from manufacturing to service sector employment. Employees in employmment in the service sector in Scotland increased between 1976 and 1987.