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Job Creation

Volume 124: debated on Monday 14 December 1987

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To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer pursuant to his reply of 9 December, how many of the jobs created between 1983 (a) in manufacturing industry and (b) in the services sector were in Scotland; and if he will make a statement.

Estimates of self-employment by industry are not available for Scotland. The table sets out the figures for employees in employment in manufacturing and in services, along with estimates of total employees in employment, total self-employment in Scotland, and total employment.

Employment in Scotland (thousands, mid-year) (changes on a year earlier in brackets)

Employees in Employment

Manufacturing

Services

Total (Manufacturing Services and other)

Self-employment Total

Total Employment

19834441,2161,8991792,078
19844341,2311,9011852,086
(-10)(+15)(+2)(+6)(+8)
19854301,2441,9042002,104
(-4)(+3)(+3)(+15)(+18)
19864101,2601,8882052,093
(-20)(+16)(-16)(+5)(-11)
Change between 1983–1986-34+44-11+26(+15)

Some of the decrease in the figure for manufacturing will be the result of the reclassification of jobs such as industrial cleaning, catering, computer services and road haulage previously done by manufacturers' own employees and now done by subcontractors. This developing feature of our economy has the effect of exaggerating the extent of the move from manufacturing to service sector employment. Service sector and total employment in Scotland have increased since 1983.