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Housing Benefit

Volume 124: debated on Friday 18 December 1987

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To ask the Secretary of State for Social Services (1) what was the cost of housing benefit for elderly people in Scotland, for each year since 1982;(2) what was for each year since 1982 the total cost of housing benefit in Scotland.

The table provides the information requested on housing benefit expenditure on the basis of the latest available information from local authorities' subsidy claims. I regret that separate information on the cost of housing benefit for elderly people is not available.

£ million
1982–8342
1983–84384
1984–85436
1985–86515
1986–87576
1987–88664

Notes

1. The figures cover local authorities' total benefit expenditure and costs of administering the housing benefit scheme.

2. All figures have been rounded to the nearest £1 million.

3. The figures for 1982–83 and 1983–84 reflect the fact that housing benefit was partially introduced from November 1982, and fully from

Comparable information for the years 1983–84 to 1986–87 is held in the Library.

Information about Wales and Scotland is a matter for my right hon. Friend the Secretary of State for Wales, and my right hon. and learned Friend the Secretary of State for Scotland.

April 1983. The apparent large increase in expenditure in 1983–84 arose primarily from the reclassification of what was formerly supplementary benefit expenditure.

To ask the Secretary of State for Social Services how many households (a) in total,(b) by tenure and (c) by household type are expected to receive (a) more and (b) less housing benefit by up to £1 a week, £1 to £2 a week, £2 to £3 a week, £3 to £4 a week, £4 to £5 a week and £5 plus a week as a result of the main changes to the scheme to be implemented in April 1988 based on the most recent caseload statistics available.

[holding answer 3 December 1987]: The information is in the tables. These tables are from the same model and in the same format as those in the "Impact of the Reformed Structure of Income-Related Benefits", published in October 1987. A copy of this is in the Library. They illustrate the structural impact, rather than the cash position at the point of change, and include estimates for changes brought about by the new capital rule and by the minimum 20 per cent. contribution to domestic rates. These tables should be read in conjunction with those in the "Impact of the Reformed Structure of Income-Related Benefits", as many of those whose housing benefit entitlement will decrease may be wholly or partially compensated by increased entitlement to income support or family credit.

Structural change in housing benefit—all cases

(thousands)

Client Group

Gains

Total gainer

No change

Total losers

Losses

£5+

4–5

3–4

2–3

1–2

£1

£1

1–2

2–3

3–4

4–5

£5 +

Pensioners 80 +

*

*

104030301101204901702306010

*

20
Pensioners 60–79202020501702004806602,4106301,09032013050190
Sick or disabled1020201010108030130406020

*

*

10
Lone Parents
Full time work

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

60

*

1010

*

1030
—Not full time work

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

106107042090101020
—Total

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

1068070430100102050
Couples with children
—Full time work

*

*

*

*

*

1010

*

3302060603040120
—not full time work

*

*

*

*

*

*

10207408051014010

*

*

—Total10

*

*

*

*

1030301,0701105601904040120
Others
—Full time work

*

*

*

*

*

*

101014020402020

*

30
—Not full time work

*

*

*

*

*

*

1090780180370110201080
Total5040601102202407209605,6901,2202,780820250130500

Structural change in housing benefit—all cases

(thousands)

Type of tenure

Gains

Total gainer

No change

Total losers

Losses

£5+

4–5

3–4

2–3

1–2

£1

£1

1–2

2–3

3–4

4–5

£5 +

Local authority rented303050901601505104203,0505001,7303909050290
Private rented1010

*

203030110190790250310704020100
Owner occupiers

*

*

*

*

30601003501,85047074036011060110
Total5040601002202407209605,6901,2202,790820250130500

Notes:

(1) These estimates are based on the Family Expenditure Survey (FES) simulation model.

(2) The estimates exclude the effect of Family Credit calculations.

(3) The estimates are not adjusted for differential take-up.

(4) Some totals may not add due to rounding.

(5) An asterisk indicates less than 5,000 cases.