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Labour Statistics

Volume 128: debated on Thursday 25 February 1988

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To ask the Secretary of State for Scotland what are his projections of youth unemployment for the years 1987 to 2000; and what estimate he has of the likely impact of youth training schemes in reducing unemployment for those in the age bracket 16 to 20 years.

The Government make no projections of youth unemployment. It is known, however, that there will be a demographic decline in the number of young adults up until the mid-1990s.No young people up to the age of 18 need be unemployed, as they are guaranteed a place on YTS. YTS is, however, a training rather than an employment measure and its purpose is to provide training to equip young people for entry into the labour market.

To ask the Secretary of State for Scotland if he will give the number of (a) people registered as unemployed in Scotland for each month between June 1979 and December 1987, (b) employees in employment in Scotland for each month between June 1979 and December 1987 and (c) occupied places on special training and temporary work programmes in Scotland for each month between June 1979 and December 1987.

The information is not available in the precise form requested.Table 1 shows the number of unemployed claimants in Scotland between June 1979 and December 1987. Due to changes which have taken place in the compilation of the statistics since 1979 these figures are not comparable over the whole period. This information is available in the Library.Table 2 shows the number of employees in employment in Scotland on a quarterly basis from June 1979 to September 1987 (the latest date for which information is available). This information is also available in the Library.Table 3 gives available data on filled places for YTS and the community programme and Table 4 on starts on adult training schemes.

Table 2 Unemployed claimants: Scotland (not adjusted for seasonal factors)

thousands

1979

1980

1981

1982

1983

1984

1985

1986

1987

March2,073·81,998·11,932·61,879·21,879·81,892·21,875·01,862·4
June2,102·32,082·32,001·81,950·11,899·01,901·21,904·11,887·71,886·4
September2,107·82,068·91,985·31,931·91,898·61,903·91,912·41,885·91,881·8
December2,094·12,036·81,958·31,903·21,890·81,902·01,897·51,874·6

Table 3 YTS and Community Programme Filled Places: Scotland

YTS

Community programme

March 198429,43315,525
December 198432,32117,537
December 198531,01924,177
December 198634,20131,689

1987

April36,80530,006
May35,81330,076
June39,34129,921
July40,33029,828
August43,56830,403
September45,65830,826
October45,48630,687
November45,03430,443
December43,70630,147

Table 4 Adult Training Starts: Scotland

Number

1985–8622,745
1986–8742,005

1987

April-June10,316
July3,425
August3,558
September4,467
October6,253
November5,237
December3,157

To ask the Secretary of State for Scotland if he will give the total number of employees in (a) full-time employment and (b) part-time employment in Scotland for each month between June 1979 and December 1987.

Monthly estimates of employees in employment in Scotland are not available. The table gives quarterly estimates, which have not been adjusted for seasonal variation. The number of male part-time employees is only available from the census of employment: it was 58,000 in June 1978, 59,000 in September 1981, and 61,000 in September 1984.

Employees in employment in Scotland (not seasonally adjusted)
Thousands
Males allFemales full-timeFemales part-time
1979
June1,205565332
September1,205571331
December1,197563334

Males all

Females full-time

Females part-time

1980
March1,184560330
June1,186561335
September1,178558332
December1,158547332
1981
March1,133535330
June1,128538336
September1,113534338
December1,095526338
1982
March1,084517332
June1,090523337
September1,083508340
December1,067502334
1983
March1,055495329
June1,060502337
September1,058503337
December1,045501345
1984
March1,040499341
June1,043511347
September1,053505346
December1,045501356
1985
March1,039501352
June1,040502362
September1,044505363
December1,032500366
1986
March1,020494361
June1,022501365
September1,020499367
December1,007493375
1987
March998490375
June1,006501379
September1,003494384

To ask the Secretary of State for Scotland (1) if he will give the total number of (a) male employees in employment and (b) female employees in employment in Scotland in each month between June 1979 and December 1987;(2) if he will give the total number of employees in

(a) manufacturing industry and (b) service industry in Scotland for each month between June 1979 and December 1987.

Monthly estimates of employees in employment in Scotland are not available. The table gives quarterly estimates, adjusted for seasonal variation.

Employees in employment in Scotland

Thousands (Seasonally adjusted)

Males

Females

Manufacturing (2–4)

Services (6–9)

1979

June1,2018936051,215
September1,2008986011,221
December1,1998975951,224

1980

March1,1928995801,234
June1,1828915651,235
September1,1738865491,235
December1,1608795311,239

1981

March1,1418745211,231
June1,1248695111,223
September1,1078685021,226
December1,0978634961,220

1982

March1,0918584871,218
June1,0878554781,218
September1,0778454691,210
December1,0698364591,201

1983

March1,0628334511,202
June1,0588334451,207
September1,0528384401,209
December1,0478464361,216

1984

March1,0478484331,222
June1,0418534351,222
September1,0468494321,225
December1,0478564331,234

1985

March1,0458614321,242
June1,0388604321,236
September1,0388664281,247
December1,0338654221,252

1986

March1,0268634171,251
June1,0208624111,253
September1,0148644071,257

1979

1983

1985

1987

Net change between 1979 and 1985

Net change as per cent. of 1979 employment

Thousands

Total manufacturing1603·9443·9430·5395·5-173·4-29
Total manufacturing2577·0419·9392·2-184·8-32
Engineering2237·9174·8156·5-81·4-34
Textiles250·131·031·0-19·1-38
Shipbuilding230·624·820·8-9·9-32
Iron and Steel222·711·29·7-13·0-57
Electronics441·542·743·942·8+2·4+6
Mining325·023·714·3-10·7-43
Transport and communication1135·3118·5115·2108·3-20·1-15

1 Figures from the Census of Employment.

2 Figures from the Annual Census of Production. The latest available figures from this source relate to 1985. Figures for 1986 are due to be released later this year

3 Estimated figures include all employees of British Coal in Scotland.

4 Derived from the IDS Regional Data System.

Males

Females

Manufacturing (2–4)

Services (6–9)

December1,0088674031,260

1987

March1,0048723981,265
June1,0048763961,271
September9978763921,269

To ask the Secretary of State for Scotland if he will give the total number of people in self-employment in Scotland for each month between June 1979 and December 1987.

Annual estimates only are prepared on the basis of information from the 1981 census of population and the labour force surveys: these are given in the table. These figures are subject to sampling variation.

Employers and the Self-Employed in Scotland
thousands
June
1979160
1980154
1981149
1982164
1983179
1984185
1985200
1986205
1987194