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Information Technology And Science Graduates

Volume 129: debated on Wednesday 9 March 1988

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68.

To ask the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster what information he has on the trend for information technology graduates and those with science degrees to take employment in the City rather than in manufacturing industry; and if he will make a statement.

My Department regularly receives information on the first employment destinations of UK university graduates from the Department of Education and Science. Whilst many jobs in manufacturing are open to graduates of any discipline, others require specific expertise, graduates in subjects which are less strongly attracted to careers where a general level of academic attainment is required, including some in the financial and commercial sectors. It should be noted that only a small proportion of such jobs are in the City.The tables illustrate the recent trends in the first employment of engineering and science university graduates:

1980

1982

1984

1985

1

1986

Electrical and electronic engineering
Manufacturing7874797773
Finance, commerce13446
Other2122161921

Source: Universities Statistical Record, First Destinations Survey, annual volumes.

Table 3

Type of work distribution of new .first degree university science graduates entering United Kingdom employment (per cent.)

1980

1982

1984

1985

1986

All Sciences (excludes psychology and geography)
Scientific, engineering, technical, computing6055565554
Financial1517182022
Other2628262524
Biological sciences
Scientific, engineering, technical, computing4945454745
Financial109111215
Other4145444140
Physics
Scientific, engineering, technical, computing7872757168
Financial5971113
Other1720171819
Maths, computer studies
Scientific, engineering, technical, computing6463626058
Financial2425273031
Other1213111010
Numbers entering employment
All sciences6,0825,8607,6558,0206,742
Biological sciences1,4861,4271,5251,6431,578
Physics9459461,2521,2291,097
Maths computer studies1,7211,8232,6002,6592,682

1 Changes to the subject classification mean that the 1986 figures are not fully compatible with previous years.

Source: Universities Statistical Record, First Destinations Survey, annual Volumes.

Table 4

Sectoral distribution of new, first degree university science graduates entering United Kingdom employment (per cent.)

1980

1982

1984

1985

1

1986

All science
Manufacturing4036383530
Financial, commerce2730333538
Other3333293032
Biological sciences
Manufacturing2321212221
Financial, commerce2020232527
Other5659565352
Physics
Manufacturing5855585040
Financial, commerce1317182425
Other2927242736
Mathematics, computer studies
Manufacturing3835343127
Mechanical engineering4347495254
Electrical, electronic engineering1918171719

Source: Universities Statistical Record, First Destinations Survey, annual volumes.