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China

Volume 130: debated on Tuesday 29 March 1988

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To ask the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster (1) what has been the level of United Kingdom exports to China in each of the last five years in (a) records, (b) television programmes and (c) films;(2) what has been the level of

(a) exports to and (b) imports from China in manufactured goods in each of the last five years;

(3) what has been the level of (a) exports to and (b) imports from China in each of the last five years;

(4) whether he will list the five industries which have exported goods or services to the highest value to China in each of the last five years;

United Kingdom trade with China 1983 to 1987

I—Total trade and trade in manufactured goods

£ million

1983

1984

1985

1986

January to December 1987

Total exports160·3317·3396·5535·9416·0
Of which:
Manufactured goods136·1308·3369·4511·7391·1
Total imports231·4278·4308·0327·0391·8
Of which:
Manfactured goods132·5163·0171·4185·3270·3

II—Analysis of exports by SITC R2 divisions equating to broad industrial sectors

£ million

Division (s)

1983

1984

1985

1986

January to December 1987

71–14 (Industrial machinery and plant)27·274·7132·0209·4148·6
78–79 (Transport)9·612·450·362·472·5
67 (Iron and steel)11·115·344·841·538·7
87 (Professional and scientific instruments)18·041·035·733·436·3
Section 5 (Chemical)31·535·242·638·035·4

III—United Kingdom exports of books, records, videos and films

£ thousand

1983

1984

1985

1986

January to December 1987

Books414937507343808
Records690
Recorded videos282064
Developed cinematographic films942261111

Source: Overseas Trade Statistics.

Notes:

  • 1. 1987 figures provisional.
  • 2. Manfactured goods are defined as sections 5 to 8 of the standard international trade classification revision 2 (SITC R2):
  • 3. Books are defined as United Kingdom tariff headings 4901 0010 and 4903 0000:
  • 4. Records are defined as United Kingdom tariff headings 9212 3400, 3510 and 3599:
  • 5. Recorded videos are defined as United Kingdom tariff heading 9212 3950:
  • 6. Films are defined as SITC R2 item 883.00.
  • To ask the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster whether he will list the number of trade delegations to China that his Department has supported in each of the last five years.

    The numbers of outward missions to China supported by the Department for the period were:

    Number
    19833
    19848

    (5) what has been the level of United Kingdom exports of books to China in each of the last five years.

    Information on the value of exported goods to China by industries, as defined in the standard industrial classification, is not available: figures have been compiled using standard international trade classification revision 2 divisions equating to the broad industrial sectors. Information on the value of services and the "performance fee" value of television programmes and films exported to China is not available. Television programmes are not identified in the Overseas Trade Statistics; figures for recorded videos have been provided and may include television programmes. The available information is given in the following tables:

    Number
    19857
    198612
    19877
    Total37
    In addition, the Department supported 14 seminars in China over the same period:

    Number
    1983None
    19844
    19851
    19864
    19875

    To ask the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster how many United Kingdom companies have established joint ventures in China in each of the last five years.

    Opening DateCityTitle
    1983–84
    12 April 1983ShanghaiMultinational Instrumentation Conference and Exhibition
    18 July 1983ShanghaiNaval Technology and Shipboard Electronic Defence Equipment Show
    26 August 1983GuangzhouInternational Telecommunications Scientific and Technical Expo Conference
    21 October 1983ShanghaiInternational Marine Equipment Show (Marintec)
    7 November 1983ShanghaiInternational Congress and Exhibition on Heat Treatment.
    22 November 1983GuangzhouOffshore Oil Exhibition and Conference
    20 February 1984TianjinAll-British Scientific Instruments Exhibition/Seminar
    27 February 1984PekingMulti-Nation Medical Equipment and Instrument Exhibition
    1984–85
    5 April 1984BeijingInternational Electronic Production Conference
    10 June 1984ShanghaiInternational Exhibition on Textiles
    17 September 1984ShanghaiInternational Exhibition of Rubber and Plastics Industries
    9 October 1984ShanghaiInternational Environmental Control Measuring and Testing Equipment
    30 October 1984BeijingInternational Tourism and Hotel Facilities Exhibition
    30 October 1984BeijingBeijing International Printing Technology Exhibition
    5 November 1984BeijingInternational Telecommunications, Computer and Electronics Exhibition and Conference
    19 November 1984HangzhouInternational Food Processing and Packaging Equipment Exhibition
    21 November 1984BeijingRailway and Subway Expo/China '84
    29 November 1984TianjinElectric Power and Water Expo
    4 December 1984ShanghaiInternational Exhibition on Advanced Electronic Technology
    1985–86
    21 April 1985ShanghaiSemiconductor International
    16 May 1985NanjingInternational Exhibition on Building Equipment, Building Material Machinery and Building Material
    22 May 1985GuangzhouPort Development and Coastal Transportation Expo
    3 July 1985ShanghaiInternational Exhibition on Automotive Industry
    18 September 1985Beijing2nd International Environmental Control, Measuring and Testing Equipment Exhibition
    8 October 1985ChengduChina Medical Expo
    22 October 1985BeijingInternational Packaging Conference and Exhibition
    4 November 1985BeijingInternational Agrobusiness Exhibition and Conference
    26 November 1985Guangzhou3rd Offshore Oil Exhibition and Conference
    2 December 1985ShanghaiMarintec China
    7 December 1985BeijingInternational New Computer Technology Exhibition
    22 February 1986BeijingNuclear and Power China '86
    13 March 1986BeijingInternational Textile Industry Exhibition
    14 March 1986Beijing2nd International Petroleum Equipment Show
    20 March 1986BeijingInternational Exhibition on Machine Tools, Metalworking and Allied Industries
    28 March 1986BeijingInternational Amusement and Educational Technology Exposition
    1986–87
    8 April 1986ShanghaiInternational Exhibition on Textile Machinery
    16 April 1986BeijingMulti-National Instrumentation Conference and Exhibition
    18 April 1986BeijingInternational Electronic Production Conference

    To ask the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster whether he will list the British trade fairs supported by the British Overseas Trade Board in China in each of the last five years.

    The trade fairs held in China over the past five years which attracted support through the British Overseas Trade Board are as follows:

    Opening Date

    City

    Title

    16 May 1986Shanghai3rd International Exhibition of Construction Equipment and Material
    5 June 1986BeijingInternational Trade Fair for Education Equipment
    10 June 1986BeijingInternational Exhibition of Rubber and Plastics Industries
    3 July 1986BeijingInternational Exhibition on Automotive Industry
    16 October 1986BeijingInternational Telecommunications/Computer Exhibition and Conference
    18 October 1986BeijingInternational Foundry Conference and Exhibition
    4 November 1986BeijingAsian Defence Technology Exposition
    10 November 1986BeijingRailway, Urban Transport and Subway Expo/China '86
    27 November 1986GuangzhouInternational Agrotechnology and Food Processing Exhibition and Conference
    9 December 1986Guangzhou1st Onshore Oil Exhibition and Conference
    10 March 1987Beijing2nd Electric Power and Water Expo

    1987–88

    24 April 1987ShanghaiSemiconductor International
    7 May 1987BeijingChina Coal
    17 June 1987Shanghai3rd International Exhibition on Automotive Industry
    24 June 1987Beijing3rd Environmental Pollution and Control, Measuring and Testing Equipment Exhibition
    12 September 1987Beijing2nd International Exhibition on Medical Equipment and Supplies
    14 October 1987BeijingAviation Expo/China
    24 November 1987Guangzhou2nd International Packaging Conference and Exhibition
    24 November 1987Beijing4th International Exhibition on Rubber and Plastic Industries "Chinaplas"
    4 March 1988BeijingInternational Exhibition Machine Tools, Metalworking and Allied Industries

    To ask the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster what discussions he has had with the Chinese Government about the problems of unauthorised publication of British books in China.

    Chinese law does not extend copyright protection to foreign works and such works may therefore be published in that country. Contact on the subject of copyright has been made over a number of years with the Chinese Government, both at ministerial and official level. Recently, the Chinese Government have made good progress in drawing up a comprehensive law for the protection of both domestic and foreign works. In doing this, they have consulted widely with international experts. We understand that they hope to have the new law in force by 1990 and that they intend to join one of the international copyright conventions. We will continue to encourage the Chinese Government in this process.