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Fires (Statistics)

Volume 130: debated on Wednesday 30 March 1988

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To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department (1) how many fires there were in (a) occupied dwellings, (b) multiple-occupied dwellings in detached, semi-detached and terraced houses, and (c) multiple-occupied dwellings in other buildings, in each of the three most recent years for which figures are available; and if he will analyse these data by the most likely cause of fire;(2) how many

(a) deaths, and (b) casualties there were due to fire in (i) single occupied dwellings, (ii) multiple-occupied dwellings in detached, semi-detached and terraced house, and (iii) multiple-occupied dwellings in

other buildings, analysed by the most likely cause of fire, in each of the three most recent years for which figures are available.

Some information on fires attended by local authority fire brigades in dwellings in single and multiple occupation, and on the resulting casualties, is published annually in "Fire Statistics United Kingdom" (for example, tables 32, 46 and 47 of the volume for 1986) copies of which are in the Library. The following tables give the more detailed information requested, for the years 1984–86. Information for 1987 is not yet available.

Fatal casualties from fires in dwellings by type of dwelling and cause of fire
198419851986
United Kingdom
Dwellings in single occupation—total436438462
Cause
Deliberate or possibly deliberate404547
Faulty appliances, leads or fuel supplies353334
Misuse of appliances788991
Playing with fire203242
Careless handling of fire or hot substances139125118
Placing articles too close to heat514750
Other, unknown or unspecified736780
Detached semi-detached or terraced houses in multiple occupation—total998689
Cause
Deliberate or possibly deliberate5135
Faulty appliances, leads or fuel supplies1143
Misuse of appliances141020
Playing with fire3
Careless handling of fire or hot substances384235
Placing articles too close to heat81012
Other, unknown or unspecified23711
Other dwellings in multiple occupation—total151169194
Cause
Deliberate or possibly deliberate121614
Faulty appliances, leads or fuel supplies92120
Misuse of appliances271735
Playing with fire11310
Careless handling of fire or hot substances746679
Placing articles too close to heat121912
Other, unknown or unspecified161724
Dwellings in multiple occupation of unspecified type—total
All dwellings in multiple occupation250255283
Fires in dwellings by type of dwelling and cause of fire
United Kingdom198419851986
Dwellings in single occupation—total34,97236,90537,313
Cause
Deliberate or possibly deliberate1,8371,9082,065
Faulty appliances, leads or fuel supplies7,1527,7987,990
Misuse of appliances15,66316,42916,682
Playing with fire1,5181,7401,548
Careless handing of fire or hot substances3,3543,3863,441

United Kingdom

1984

1985

1986

Placing articles too close to heat2,3362,5572,627
Other, unknown or unspecified3,1123,0872,960

Detached, semi-detached or terraced houses in multiple occupation—total

6,6167,2427,343
Cause
Deliberate or possibly deliberate678865870
Faulty appliances, leads or fuel supplies9301,0501,065
Misuse of appliances2,9213,0103,109
Playing with fire315316303
Careless handing of fire or hot substances9381,0991,102
Placing articles too close to heat430485496
Other, unknown or unspecified404417398

Other dwellings in multiple occupation—total

14,38315,20315,020
Cause
Deliberate or possibly deliberate2,7023,0283,166
Faulty appliances, leads or fuel supplies1,2201,3821,310
Misuse of appliances5,2515,5645,637
Playing with fire1,4761,5561,297
Careless handing of fire or hot substances2,4232,5092,520
Placing articles too close to heat609619682
Other, unknown or unspecified702545408

Dwellings in multiple occupation of unspecified type—total

212326

All dwellings in multiple occupation

21,02022,46822,389

Non-fatal casualties from fires in dwellings by type of dwelling and cause of fire

United Kingdom

1984

1985

1986

Dwellings in single occupation—total4,5464,8365,459
Cause
Deliberate or possible deliberate329337424
Faulty appliances, leads or fuel supplies591671697
Misuse of appliances1,7271,9292,124
Playing with fire363420408
Careless handling of fire or hot substances8977961,057
Placing articles too close to heat345341429
Other, unknown or unspecified294342320

Detached, semi-detached or terraced houses in multiple occupation—total

1,1671,2301,347
Cause
Deliberate or possibly deliberate121170191
Faulty appliances, leads or fuel supplies112117128
Misuse of appliances388431475
Playing with fire343148
Careless handling of fire or hot substances289283303
Placing articles too close to heat8998109
Other, unknown or unspecified13410093

Other dwellings in multiple occupation—total

1,9452,2762,385
Cause
Deliberate or possibly deliberate314367411
Faulty appliances, leads or fuel supplies154193136
Misuse of appliances682766842
Playing with fire96154108
Careless handling of fire or hot substances472514638

United Kingdom

1984

1985

1986

Placing articles too close to heat140148168
Other, unknown or unspecified8713482

Dwellings in multiple occupation of unspecified type—total

4

All dwellings in multiple occupation

3,1123,5063,736

To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many rescues were made by fire brigades from fires in (a) single-occupied dwellings, (b) multiple-occupied dwellings in detached, semi-detached and terraced houses and (c) multiple-occupied dwellings in other buildings, in each of the three most recent years for which figures are available.

The numbers of persons rescued, both by brigade staff and without brigade assistance, from fires attended by local authority fire brigades in dwellings and other occupied buildings in the United Kingdom are published in "Fire Statistics United Kingdom" (Table 20 of the volume for 1986, copies of which are in the Library). The following table gives the more detailed information requested for rescues by brigade staff for the years 1984–86. Information for 1987 is not yet available.

Rescues by brigades from fires in dwellings by type of occupancy United Kingdom
Type of buildingNumber of persons rescued
198419851986
Dwellings
Single occupancy8979321,044
Multiple occupancy
Fatal casualties from fires in dwellings by type of dwelling, age and whether trapped—United Kingdom
Number of persons
198419851986
TotalTrappedTotalTrappedTotalTrapped
Dwellings in single occupation
Total casualties436300438295462299
0–15 years979374688175
16–60 years1128011183147106
Over 60 years227127251143232116
Unspecified age2122
Detached, semi-detached or terrace houses in multiple occupation
Total casualties996686628962
0–15 years1394477
16–60 years433339324031
Over 60 years432443264123
Unspecified age11
Other dwellings in multiple occupation
Total casualties151113169113194120
0–15 years111128272925
16–60 years574746305633
Over 60 years8355955610962
Unspecified age
Casualties in dwellings in multiple occupation of unspecified type
All casualties in dwellings in multiple occupation250179255175283182
1 The figures for persons trapped exclude those who became casualties while discovering or fighting the fire but were also trapped.

Type of building

Number of persons rescued

1984

1985

1986

Detached, semi-detached or terraced houses603693687
Other1,0151,1771,127
Of unspecified type6
Unknown or unspecified occupancy394247
All dwellings2,5542,8442,911

To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department if he will provide a breakdown of the data for (a) deaths and (b) casualties from fires in (i) singly-occupied dwellings, (ii) multiple-occupied dwellings in detached, semi-detached and terraced houses, and (iii) multiple-occupied dwellings in other buildings according to whether the persons were (1) aged under 16 years, (2) aged between 16 and 60 years, and (3) aged over 60 years; and if he will provide information on how many of the fatalities resulted from persons being trapped.

Information on the age, and circumstances, of casualties in fires in dwellings attended by local authority fire brigades is published in "Fire Statistics United Kingdom" (Tables 26, 46 and 47 of the volume for 1986, copies of which are in the Library). The following tables give the more detailed information requested for the years 1984–86. Information for 1987 is not yet available.

Non fatal casualties from fires in dwellings by type of dwelling and age—United Kingdom

Number of persons

1984

1985

1986

Dwellings in single occupation

Total casualties4,2464,8365,459
0 to 15 years781830949
16 to 60 years2,2542,7473,073
Over 60 years1,1251,1761,303
Unspecified age8683134

Detached, semi-detached or terrace houses in multiple occupation

Total casualties1,1671,2301,347
0 to 15 years96115143
16 to 60 years746787878
Over 60 years308304285
Unspecified age172441

Other dwellings in multiple occupation

Total casualties1,9452,2762,385
0 to 15 years282313295
16 to 60 years1,1061,2891,423
Over 60 years526650606
Unspecified age312461

Casualties in dwellings in multiple occupation of unspecified type

4
All casualties in dwellings in multiple occupation3,1123,5063,736