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Inner Cities

Volume 130: debated on Thursday 31 March 1988

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To ask the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster what proportion of the trade and industry programme is spent in the inner cities.

My Department plans to spend £1,250 million in 1988–89. All its programmes take account as appropriate of the needs of the inner cities. Inner cities will in particular benefit from the enhanced rate of support for business development consultancies under the enterprise initiative. But it is not possible in every case to identify that proportion of the budget which is spent in the inner cities. However expenditure by the inner cities unit and grant in aid for English Estates new managed workshop programme are solely directed at inner city areas and this will amount to £27 million in 1988–89.

To ask the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster (1) if he will list in the Official Report which wards of which local authorities he treats as part of the inner cities;(2) which local authorities, or parts of local authorities, are covered by the inner cities;(3) which areas of the United Kingdom are not eligible for assistance under the action for cities programme.

The areas for action for most of the cities programmes are shown in the map in the "Action for Cities" document, copies of which have been placed in the Library and Vote Office, and distributed to Members of the House with urban constituencies. Some programmes or initiatives, such as the urban development corporations, urban programme, enterprise zones, and inner city task forces, operate within precisely defined boundaries. For urban programme purposes, priority areas are either formally defined, in the case of partnership areas, or agreed with local authorities in order to target resources through inner area programmes. Urban programme areas are also used to target some other forms of support including special assistance under the enterprise initiative. Support through other programmes, such as housing association grant and estate action is available more widely, but is concentrated in inner cities.

To ask the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster if he will give for each inner city area, and for inner cities in total, the population, employment, unemployment, child population, school population and pensioner population.

Figures are available only for urban programme areas and not for any other definition of inner city areas. Those figures are shown in the tables. Table 1 gives the latest available estimates of numbers of employees, taken from the September 1984 census of employment. The results of the September 1987 census are expected to become available next year. Table 2 gives estimated district level unemployment percentage rates for November 1987, using 1981 census data on population as the denominator. Table 3 gives the usually resident self-employed population aged over 16, drawn from the 1981 census. Table 4 gives OPCS population estimates for mid 1986, broken down (i) for under 15s, (ii) for those of pensionable age.

Employees in employment:1September 1984
Local authority district2Number (thousands)
Birmingham473·9
Hackney79·9
Islington114·5
Lambeth129·1
Liverpool219·7
Manchester270·0
Salford89·1
Newcastle upon Tyne152·1
Gateshead67·5
Barnsley73·0
Blackburn55·4
Bolton87·9
Bradford173·6
Brent97·4
Bristol197·6
Burnley33·1
Coventry124·7
Derby106·2
Doncaster94·8
Dudley92·9
Greenwich64·8
Halton41·8
Hammersmith77·2
Haringey58·4
Hartlepool29·0
Kensington and Chelsea83·6
Kingston upon Hull105·4
Kirklees121·5
Knowsley53·5
Langhaurgh44·2
Leeds294·7
Leicester159·5
Lewisham59·6
Middlesbrough50·0
Newham68·3
North Tyneside63·7
Nottingham156·2
Oldham69·4
Plymouth94·8
Preston66·6
Rochdale68·9
Rotherham77·1
St· Helens59·4
Sandwell129·1
Sefton79·7
Sheffield218·0
South Tyneside42·6
Southwark130·7
Stockton-on-Tees60·4
Sunderland94·4
The Wrekin42·6
Tower Hamlets81·1
Walsall102·5
Wandsworth83·3
Wigan85·7
Wirral88·1

Local authority district

2

Number (thousands)

Wolverhampton101·6
Total all 57 districts6,040,100

1 The figures exclude the self employed and members of Her Majesty's forces·

2 The districts are defined in terms of ward boundaries as at 1984

District level unemployment: percentage rates

per cent.

Birmingham15·85
Hackney21·06
Islington17·57
Lambeth16·65
Liverpool20·98
Manchester19·01
Salford13·44
Newcastle16·87
Gateshead13·61
Barnsley15·01
Blackburn11·46
Bolton11·39
Bradford11·61
Brent11·63
Bristol10·95
Burnley94·8
Coventry13·85
Derby12·46
Doncaster15·86
Dudley10·49
Greenwich11·57
Halton16·05
Hammersmith and Fulham13·80
Haringey14·35
Hartlepool17·35
Kensington and Chelsea11·20
Kingston upon Hull16·74
Kirklees9·36
Knowsley19·71
Langbaurgh16·28
Leeds10·50
Leicester11·47
Lewisham13·00
Middlesbrough19·44
Newham14·27
North Tyneside13·46
Nottingham15·56
Oldham10·10
Plymouth12·09
Preston10·96
Rochdale10·92
Rotherham14·65
St. Helens13·87
Sandwell14·00
Sefton12·88
Sheffield14·82
South Tyneside17·54
Southwark17·26
Stockton on Tees15·38
Sunderland17·67
The Wrekin14·25
Tower Hamlets20·28
Walsall12·16
Wandsworth9·90
Wigan12·34
Wirral14·38
Wolverhampton15·50

Usually resident population aged 16+

Self-employed

District

Number

Birmingham25,035
Hackney6,438

District

Number

Islington6,740
Lambeth9,078
Liverpool10,543
Manchester11,341
Salford6,637
Newcastle upon Tyne6,147
Gateshead4,207
Barnsley5,521
Blackburn4,969
Bolton9,483
Bradford15,901
Brent12,061
Bristol12,163
Burnley3,324
Coventry7,288
Derby5,141
Doncaster7,615
Dudley9,355
Greenwich6,371
Halton2,197
Hammersmith and Fulham6,933
Haringey9,503
Hartlepool1,877
Kensington and Chelsea9,433
Kingston upon Hull4,763
Kirklees13,401
Knowsley2,755
Langbaurgh2,979
Leeds23,026
Leicester8,175
Lewisham7,781
Middlesbrough2,582
Newham5,744
North Tyneside4,613
Nottingham6,373
Oldham8,007
Plymouth6,868
Preston4,334
Rochdale7,534
Rotherham5,892
St. Helens4,265
Sandwell6,381
Sefton10,295
Sheffield14,222
South Tyneside3,060
Southwark6,510
Stockton-on-Tees3,508
Sunderland5,587
The Wrekin3,569
Tower Hamlets4,853
Walsall7,883
Wandsworth10,631
Wigan9,028
Wirral9,882
Wolverhampton6,318
Total436,120

Source: 1981 Census of Population.

Mid-1986 Population Estimates (OPCS)

(Thousands)

Local Authority Area

Total Population

Age Group

0–1560–65+
Birmingham1,004·1219·4177·0
Hackney187·141·630·0
Islington168·030·928·1
Lambeth245·047·140·1
Liverpool483·099·092·1
Manchester451·492·681·7
Salford239·348·746·1
Newcastle281·454·254·9
Gateshead207·340·738·9
Barnsley222·246·439·4
Blackburn139·133·524·0

Local Authority Area

Total Population

Age Group

0–1560–65 +
Bolton261·658·845·1
Bradford463·1108·578·9
Brent255·751·839·9
Bristol391·574·776·9
Burnley88·219·516·3
Coventry310·466·254·4
Derby216·246·538·9
Doncaster289·361·747·8
Dudley300·960·250·8
Greenwich217·846·338·5
Halton123·230·117·6
Hammersmith and Fulham150·825·626·8
Haringey196·138·830·8
Hartlepool90·719·615·2
Kensington and Chelsea137·419·721·7
Kingston upon Hull258·056·647·0
Kirklees376·682·365·6
Knowsley163·839·623·1
Langbaurgh146·832·622·9
Leeds710·9142·7131·4
Leicester281·163·949·4
Lewisham232·045·643·6
Middlesbrough144·343·822·5
Newham205·246·632·9
North Tyneside192·337·838·2
Nottingham277·857·150·4
Oldham220·048·738·4
Plymouth256·052·444·4
Preston125·026·823·5
Rochdale206·647·633·8
Rotherham252154·840·9
St· Helens187·939·931·0
Sandwell301·163·555·9
Sefton298·059·857·9
Sheffield534·397·91079
South Tyneside156·930·730·7
Southwark216·042·540·6
Stockton on Tees175·839·525·3
Sunderland297·765·648·0
The Wrekin130·230·818·4
Tower Hamlets152·833·625·3
Walsall261·855·642·5
Wandsworth257·147·045·9
Wigan306·666·250·1
Wirral334·869·765·1
Wolverhampton251·954·044·8

To ask the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster (1) what was the expenditure of each Department in the inner cities in each year since 1978–79;(2) what was the expenditure of each Department on the inner cities planned for 1988–89; and what is the estimated outcome for 1986–87 and 1987–88;(3) if he will state the expenditure for 1988–89 and all the years of the public expenditure White Paper spent by each Department as part of the inner cities programme.

Information on inner city expenditure by Departments is not available on a consistent basis before 1988–89. Final decisions have not been taken on the proportion of planned expenditure which will be directed to inner cities for later years of the public expenditure survey. My right hon. Friends are responding individually to the hon. Member on the proportion of their Department's expenditure directed at inner cities. We estimate that some £3,000 million will be directed to the inner cities through the programme and initiatives described in the "Action for Cities" document, copies of which are available in the Library of the House.