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Written Answers

Volume 163: debated on Monday 4 December 1989

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Written Answers To Questions

Monday 4 December 1989

Trade And Industry

Golden Shares

To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry if he will outline Government policy concerning golden shares held by his Department.

Policy in respect of each special share is a matter for the Secretary of State holding that share, consulting colleagues as necessary.In the case of the special shares held by my right hon. Friend, decisions on the rights attached to these shares will depend on the particular circumstances of each company.

Financial Services Act

To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry what steps have been taken to ensure that the Financial Services Act is being operated to the benefit of the investor.

To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry what steps have been taken to ensure that the Financial Services Act is being operated to the benefit of the investor.

I believe that the Financial Services Act has already brought benefits for investors, not least the SIB compensation scheme. However, investors also benefit financially when regulation of the firms with which they deal is least burdensome, and the amendments introduced in the new Companies Act should make the system of investor protection more flexible and cost-effective.

Regional Infrastructure Investment

To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry what representations he has received about regional infrastructure investment.

My right hon. Friend and I are well aware of the concern in the regions about the quality of regional infrastructure, particularly in relation to transport links with the single market and the Channel tunnel. These are matters on which we make our views known to my right hon. Friend, the Secretary of State for Transport, and colleagues at the Department of Transport.

Cbi

To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry when he next plans to meet representatives of the Confederation of British Industry to discuss the prospects for British business.

My Department maintains regular and frequent contacts with the Confederation of British Industry at all levels on a wide range of business matters.

Cheshire Business And Innovation Centre

To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry what representations he has received about the funding of the Cheshire business and innovation centre; and if he will make a statement.

I have received representations from my hon. Friend and others who have asked far money from the European regional development fund to be made available for the Cheshire business and innovation centre.The eligibility of Cheshire business and innovation centre for support from the European regional development fund will be decided in the light of a Community support framework which will determine the level of overall funding for an area and the priorities for support. Discussions on this are currently taking place.

Uranium

To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry what quantity of uranium has been imported to Britain from Africa since 1979; and what were the national sources of these materials.

The information requested is confidential and cannot be published.

Coffins

To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry if he will ask the Director-General of Fair Trading to investigate the price of coffins.

If the hon. Member has any evidence of monopoly abuse or anti-competitive or restrictive trade practices which may be affecting the price of such goods he should draw it to the attention of the Director-General of Fair Trading direct.

Footwear Industry

To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry if he will make a statement regarding the present state of the British footwear industry.

My Department is fully aware of the difficulties facing United Kingdom footwear manufacturers and of their continuing concern over low-cost imports, particularly from the Far East. The findings and recommendations of the Commission's Community-wide investigation into imports of footwear from Taiwan and South Korea have been circulated to member states. Those recommendations are now being urgently examined and we will reach a decision on appropriate action for the United Kingdom as soon as possible.

Industrial Assistance

To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry if he will list the aid given by his Department to firms in Tameside and Stockport.

Aid to firms in Tameside and Stockport, available from the Department of Trade and Industry under the Enterprise Initiative, is as follows:

The Consultancy Initiative

Encourages small and medium sized firms to develop their key management activities by making use of private sector consultancy. In Stockport (a non-assisted area) and Tameside (an assisted area), the DTI will pay half and two thirds, respectively, of the costs of consultancy;

The Regional Initiative

Provides selective assistance for investment projects undertaken by firms located in assisted areas, such as Tameside. The regional initiative does not apply in Stockport or other non-assisted areas;

The Export Initiative

Offers a comprehensive range of support and advisory services to help firms and businesses develop their markets overseas;

The Research and Technology Initiative

Seeks to support and encourage collaborative research partnerships between business and centres of academic excellence. Additionally, through the annual small firms merit award for research and technology provides financial help to assist with the costs of developing new and novel business ideas.

The Enterprise and Education Initiative

Aims to strengthen and develop at the local level the interface between business employers and schools.
Additionally, firms in Tameside and Stockport can benefit from a broad range of support and technical services available from the DTI either to complement action taken under the Enterprise Initiative, or separately.

House Of Fraser

To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry what is his policy on publishing the House of Fraser report (a) once legal proceedings arising out of it are completed and (b) after the serious fraud squad indicates that no prosecutions are appropriate; and if he will make a statement.

My right hon. Friend, the Secretary of State, has made it clear that it is his intention to publish the report at the earliest possible moment consistent with the even-handed administration of justice.

Hi-Tech Industries

To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry what initiatives he plans for the improvement of hi-tech British industries.

The Government's major initiative for helping United Kingdom hi-tech companies is LINK which supports collaborative projects of strategic research involving companies and science base institutions. There are now 21 LINK programmes in various fields with a total value of almost £300 million, of which Government will contribute 50 per cent. Within these programmes, over 500 projects are in the pipeline. Further programmes will be announced in due course.

Companies Act Investigations

To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry if, for each investigation by his Department since May 1979 into United Kingdom companies, he will list (a) the name of the company investigated, (b) the date inspectors were appointed, (c) the date the inspectors reported to his Department, (d) whether prosecution was recommended, (e) the amount of fraud involved, (f) whether and when prosecution followed, (g) the outcome of the prosecution, (h) the date the inspectors' report was made public, (i) whether it was published in full or only in part, (j) the costs of the investigation and (k) the costs of the prosecution.

This information in the form requested could be provided only at disproportionate cost.Information about Companies Act investigations is contained in the annual report prepared in accordance with the provisions of section 729 of the Companies Act 1985. Copies of the report are placed in the Library. Further information will be available in my Department's memorandum on DTI investigations provided to the Trade and Industry Select Committee which will be published by the Committee in due course. There have been 56 inspections under sections 432 and 442 since 1979.

Output Statistics

To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry what were the increases in real total output, as expressed in index numbers, for the following sectors between the latest available figures and the same period or periods in 1973: steel, heavy and light, bricks, cement, passenger cars, commercial vehicles, construction, textiles and engineering.

Percentage changes in output for the sectors concerned (or, in some cases, the nearest approximation for which figures are available) are given in the following table. The periods of comparison, unless otherwise stated, are the first three quarters of 1973 and 1989 respectively.

Percentage change
Crude steel1-27
Bricks-31
Cement-15
Motor vehicles and parts-36
Construction2+3
Textiles-35
Mechanical engineering-10
Electrical, electronic and instrument engineering+69
1 1989 quarter 1 and 2 compared with 1973 quarter 1 and 2.
2 1988 compared with 1973.

Enterprise Initiative

To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry if he will publish (a) tables showing the number of projects and total expenditure in each standard region under the enterprise initiative in each case expressed also as a percentage of the national total of expenditure and projects approved and (b) similar tables for each programme within the enterprise initiative.

[holding answer 30 November 1989]: The Enterprise Initiative is a comprehensive package of DTI services, including the consultancy initiatives, regional selective assistance (RSA), regional enterprise grants (REG), collaborative research programmes, the small firms merit award for research and technology (SMART), the enterprise and education initiative, the managing into the '90s programme and the export initiative.The information requested for project based programmes is as follows:

Number of Consultancy Initiative Projects Approved and Total Actual Expenditure from 13 January 1988 to 31 October 1989
DTI Region/CountryApproved ProjectsPer cent.Actual expenditure (£'000)Per cent.
Total26,45357,887
NE1,3705·22,8915·0
NW4,12615·610,85918·8
YH2,5069·55,97410·3
WM2,74110·46,80311·8
EM1,6936·43,5116·1
SW2,1538·14,0747·0
SE8,32631·514,64225·3
SDA2,1158·05,6809·8
WDA1,4235·43,4536·0

Notes:

1. A similar breakdown is not applicable to the Enterprise and Education Initiative, the Managing into the '90s programme or the Export Initiative, as these programmes do not offer individual project assistance to firms.

2. Information is provided by DTI Region and for Scotland and Wales as it is not available by standard economic region.

Number of regional selective assistance projects approved and total actual expenditure from 13 January 1988 to 31 October 1989

DTI Region/Country

Approved Projects

Per cent.

Actual expenditure (£'000)

Per cent.

Total2,83636,467
North East38213·56,17716·9
North West55119·45,09214·0
Yorkshire and Humberside2518·93,4369·4
West Midlands79928·26,03716·6
East Midlands381·32110·6
South West1043·71,1073·0
South East00·000·0
Scottish Development Agency38613·68,04522·1
Welsh Development Agency32511·56,36217·4

Number of regional enterprise grants projects approved and total actual expenditure from 1 April 1988 to 31 October 1989

DTI Region/Country

Approved Projects

Per cent.

Actual expenditure (£'000)

Per cent.

Total2,7135,264
North East73827·21,28624·4
North West52819·51,10821·0
Yorkshire and Humberside34412·778815·0
West Midlands100·000·0
East Midlands592·21452·8
South West2127·82725·2
South East00·000·0
Scottish Development Agency47617·51,03619·7
Welsh Development Agency35613·162911·9

1No assisted areas in the West Midlands.

Number of Small Firms Merit Awards for research and technology projects approved and total actual expenditure from 13 January 1988 to 31 October 1989

DTI Region/Country

Approved Projects

Per cent.

Actual expenditure (£'000)

Per cent.

Total34713,502
North East277·81,0247·6
North West349·81,3359·9
Yorkshire and Humberside236·68966·6
West Midlands3710·71,47110·9
East Midlands308·61,1648·6
South West3811·01,45310·8
South East9627·73,77327·9
Scottish Development Association277·81,0247·6
Welsh Development Association3510·11,36210·1

Number of Collaborative Research Projects approved and total actual expenditure from 13 January 1988 to 31 October 1989

DTI Region/Country

Approved Projects

Per cent.

Actual expenditure (£'000)

Per cent.

Total39697,416
North East30·86830·7
North West348·69,4769·7
Yorkshire and Humberside215·33,9774·1
West Midlands5513·913,25013·6
East Midlands4511·44,7004·8
South West184·55,5265·7
Eastern
South East21253·559,12760·7
Scottish Development Association82·06770·7
Welsh Development Association

Research And Development

To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry if he will list the size of the research and development budget for each year since 1979 and the proportion of this budget spent in developing defence technology.

[holding answer 30 November 1989] : Department of Trade and Industry spend on science and technology since 1979 is as follows:

£ million
1979–80245
1980–81252
1981–82286
1982–83283
1983–84400
1984–85436
1985–86458
1986–87462
1987–88418
11988–89407
1 Estimated.

Notes

(1) Before June 1983 figures relate to Department of Industry.

(2) Source of figures: Cabinet Office annual review of Government funded research and development.

There is no proportion of the budget spent in developing defence technology. Some limited support of research at Ministry of Defence establishments is carried out to promote civil applications of defence technology.

Telecommunications

To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry what consideration his Department has given to the future deregulation of telecommunications; and if he will make a statement.

[holding answer 30 November 1989]: The regulatory framework for telecommunications is established by the Telecommunications Act 1984 and certain policy statements made at that time. I have no current plans to make significant changes to this framework. I shall, however, continue to look for further opportunities within the framework for increasing competition.

Footwear

To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry if he has any plans to investigate the dumping and subsidisation of imports of ladies footwear from various far eastern countries.

[holding answer 30 November 1989]: No. Under the Community's anti-dumping and anti-subsidy legislation it is the European Commission that carries out investigations in response to complaints from the Community industries affected. The Commission has recently completed an investigation into safeguard action against certain footwear imports from Taiwan and South Korea and has invited the views of member states.

Korea (Treatment Of Animals)

To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry whether he will raise with the President of Korea during his visit to the United Kingdom for trade talks his country's treatment of dogs and cats intended for human consumption and the need to end such practices before stronger trade links are developed.

[holding answer 1 December 1989]: While I share the hon. Member's concern about cruelty to animals, wherever it may occur, it is not an appropriate subject for trade talks. I am sure that the President of Korea will have noted the strong and justified views of the British public which were publicised extensively during his visit.

Information Engineering Technology Programme

To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry if he will make a statement as to the reason for the delays in the allocation of funds to projects in the information engineering advanced technology programme.

[holding answer 1 December 1989]: About 80 per cent. of the offers under the first round of this programme have now been made. I am very conscious of the need to get the outstanding projects under way as soon as possible.A major reason why offers have been delayed is that many companies have been slow to provide supporting information to explain the basis of their costs or to demonstrate their viability. Furthermore, many research consortia have needed reorganisation, following decisions by individual partners not to pursue the project as originally proposed. The Department tries to be helpful in such cases and allow a reasonable time for a revised proposal to be submitted.

Liability Insurance

To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry if he will introduce legislation to require all building surveyors to show proof of adequate liability insurance prior to any property surveying work being undertaken for members of the public.

I have been asked to reply. This proposal, which reflects a recommendation in the Government's recent report on professional liability, will be examined as legislative opportunities become available.

Overseas Development

Zimbabwe

112.

To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what is the current level of British aid to Zimbabwe.

In 1988 British gross bilateral aid to Zimbabwe amounted to more than £24 million, including assistance by the Commonwealth Development Corporation.

Ethiopia

113.

To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, in the light of reports of famine in rebel-held areas of Ethiopia, how Her Majesty's Government will ensure that food supplies they provide will get through to those who need them.

The food that we have supplied to rebel-held areas has been channelled through British non-governmental organisations with proven capacity to deliver it to those in need. We propose to continue using these channels.

114.

To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what further steps he intends to take to alleviate the famine in Ethiopia.

I refer the hon. Member to the answer that I gave to my hon. Friend the Member for Dover (Mr. Shaw) on 4 December.

124.

To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what food aid is provided by Britain to the Tigre area of Ethiopia; and what steps are being taken to make sure supplies reach their destination.

128.

To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs if he will make a statement on emergency food supplies provided from British Government funds to Tigre and the surrounding area.

The food that we have supplied to rebel-held areas has been channelled through British non-governmental organisations with proven capacity to deliver it to those in need. We propose to continue using these channels. It is not the practice to reveal more precise details of such operations.

Amazonian Rain Forests

115.

To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs whether he has made an assessment of the results of the visit to Brazil of the right hon. Member for Bath (Mr. Patten) to discuss Amazonian rain-forest issues with the Brazilian Government.

Its main purpose was to sign a memorandum of understanding on technical co-operation on environmental matters, which provides the framework for our proposed assistance programme with Brazil in this area. I wrote to the hon. Member on 3 November giving details of progress on the first projects.

Poland

116.

To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what economic aid is currently given to Poland.

My right hon. Friend the Prime Minister announced a know-how fund for Poland during General Jaruzelski's visit in June; and my right hon. Friend the Secretary of State announced on 29 November that it would be doubled. The fund, in effect a technical co-operation programme, will total £50 million over five years. We expect to spend £3 million in the current financial year. My right hon. Friend also announced a contribution of $100 million to a stabilisation fund for Poland, and finance for an agricultural project costing some £15 million.

Vietnam

117.

To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs whether Her Majesty's Government have any plans to restore overseas aid to Vietnam.

119.

To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs when he last reviewed Her Majesty's Government's aid and development embargo on Vietnam.

The Government's policy on Vietnam is kept under constant review. The announced withdrawal of Vietnamese troops from Cambodia is one consideration in resuming an aid programme to Vietnam. In his speech on 31 July to the international conference on Cambodia in Paris the then Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, the right hon. Member for Huntingdon (Mr. Major) said that Britain also expected the Vietnamese Government to fulfil their responsibilities towards their own people and to their neighbours before we would be prepared to consider contributing to a programme of assistance for Vietnam.

Non-Governmental Organisations

118.

To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs if he will make a statement about increases planned in the Overseas Development Agency joint funding scheme and other schemes benefiting United Kingdom non-governmental organisations operating in developing countries.

121.

To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs whether he plans to channel further aid funds through United Kingdom non-governmental organisations for projects in developing countries.

I have recently decided to increase our joint funding scheme, under which we support non-governmental organisations' agreed long-term development projects by 25 per cent. next year to £20 million. I am also increasing support for the United Kingdom volunteer recruiting agencies—most notably VSO—by 10 per cent. to £14·3 million. We will, of course, also consider sympathetically requests for assistance from non-governmental organisations for disaster and emergency relief measures if the need arises.

To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what were the principal categories of Overseas Development Administration grants to non-governmental organisations in 1988–89 under the heading "Others" in his reply to the right hon. Member for Tonbridge and Malling on 16 November, Official Report, columns 467–70; and what sum was paid to each non-governmental organisation within each of these categories of grant.

Grants to non-governmental organisations under the heading of "Others" as contained in my reply on 16 November encompass a wide range of activity which cannot readily be categorised. The principal elements are the volunteer programme and certain development projects implemented by non-governmental organisations but financed from bilateral country programmes. The volunteer programme accounts for 52 per cent. of the "Others" figure and consists of:

Grant 1980 to 1989
£
British Executive Service Overseas300,006
Catholic Institute for International Relations945,000
International Voluntary Service760,000
United Nation Association International Service490,000
Voluntary Service Overseas8,681,533
TOTAL11,176,539

Cambodia

120.

To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what assistance is being given to the people of Cambodia; and if he will make a statement.

I refer the hon. Member to the answer that I gave to my hon. Friend the Member for Gravesham (Mr. Arnold) on 23 November at column 17.

To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs if he will name the diplomat and the Overseas Development Administration official who will be visiting Phnom Penh shortly; and if he will make a statement.

I have nothing to add to the statement that I made in answer to a question by my hon. Friend the Member for Gravesham (Mr. Arnold) on 23 November at column 17. It is not the practice to name officials in these circumstances.

Namibia

122.

To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what plans his Department has to assist in infrastructure development in Namibia.

123.

To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what aid Her Majesty's Government propose to make available as a priority to Namibia.

125.

To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs how much and what type of economic and development aid Her Majesty's Government gave in 1988, and are proposing to give in the current year, to Namibia.

British aid for Namibians in 1988 was just over £2 million. It focused on the development of English language teaching skills and scholarships for Namibians both inside and outside the country. This programme has continued in 1989. In addition we have contributed £1·15 million towards the refugee repatriation programme.My right hon. Friend the Prime Minister told the House on 26 October at col. 1046 that we would provide assistance to Namibia after independence. The priorities for a future programme will be agreed with the new Government.

The Caribbean

126.

To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs if he will make a statement on overseas aid to the Caribbean.

Our bilateral aid programme to the Commonwealth Caribbean has been running at over £30 million a year for some time. Last year (1988–89) it reached £51 million, mainly because of a substantial increase in investment by the Commonwealth Development Corporation. This year expenditure is expected to remain at a high level.A new feature is the capital aid programme for Guyana (plus increased technical co-operation) to support that country's economic recovery programme; we expect to spend some £12 million in loans, grants and technical co-operation in Guyana this financial year.Hurricane damage has required an exceptional response. Last year we gave Jamaica a grant of £3 million after Hurricane Gilbert struck. This year, in the wake of Hurricane Hugo, we have assisted Antigua, St. Kitts and the British Virgin Islands and particularly Montserrat, where we have already spent or committed around £4·5 million in relief and reconstruction aid.

Horn Of Africa

127.

To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs whether he will hold discussions with other Governments and non-governmental organisations on the situation in the Horn of Africa.

At the European Community Development Council on 21 November I drew attention to the serious threat of famine in northern Ethiopia and urged that all possible diplomatic channels be used to exert pressure on the parties to the conflict to secure free access for food supplies. We are also liaising closely with other donor Governments and international agencies. Similar co-ordination takes place on the situation in Sudan. I meet regularly with the British non-governmental organisations working in the Horn of Africa.

Tropical Hardwood Forests

To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what contribution the United Kingdom is making to the European Community's effort to select the most practical and internationally economically viable options to conserve the tropical hardwood forests.

The United Kingdom is playing a full part in the Community's discussion of these issues, which were raised both at the Council of Development Ministers on 21 November and at the Council of Environment Ministers on 28 November. We have provided the only expert on tropical forestry in the development directorate of the Commission.

Education And Science

Local Education Authority Inspectors

To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science when he received a copy of the Audit Commission report on the role of local education authority inspectors and advisers; and what response he will be making.

My right hon. Friend received a copy of the report on 3 October. My right hon. Friend and I agree with much of the analysis and believe that local authorities will find the report thought-provoking and helpful. We shall be discussing with them how best to follow it up.

School Numbers

To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science what are his estimates of the numbers of (a) primary school children and teachers and (b) secondary school children and teachers for each year of the 1990s.

The projected numbers of pupils in maintained primary and secondary schools in England and of teachers overall are given in the table. The numbers of teachers in future years will depend upon many factors. The projection is based on an illustrative assumption that the current overall pupil teacher ratio of 17:1 will be maintained in future years. Further assumptions would be needed to disaggregate the overall figure between the nursery, primary and secondary sectors, and no attempt has been made to do this in the figures shown.

Thousands
At January of each yearPrimary schoolsSecondary schoolsTeachers overall
19903,9672,851397
19914,0112,818396
19924,0462,833399
19934,0932,866404
19944,1642,912410

At January of each year

Primary schools

Secondary schools

Teachers overall

19954,2362,967418
19964,3162,999424
19974,3853,031430
19984,4523,063436
19994,5123,106442

Notes:

1. Pupils in maintained nursery and special schools are excluded, as are those in independent schools.

2. The projections take account of the mid-1988 population projection provided by the Government Actuary's Department.

3. Pupils of all ages are included. For primary schools, part-time pupils under the age of five are each counted as one.

4. The overall number of teachers employed for service in maintained nursery, primary and secondary schools in England is given. Teachers in nursery schools are included, to be consistent with the usual coverage of the overall aggregate employed for public expenditure planning. All full-time equivalent teachers are counted, including student teachers, instructors, occasional teachers and secondments.

International Student Conference, Buenos Aires

To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science if there was any United Kingdom representative present at the third international student conference on youth building the future in Buenos Aires on 11 to 18 August; and whether he has received any report on decisions taken at the forum.

So far as I have been able to establish, the United Kingdom was not represented. I have received no report of this conference.

Records Of Achievement

To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science what steps he is taking to ensure that all school children have an individual record of achievement; what resources he is putting into securing this specific objective; and what advice he is offering to local education authorities on the need for records of achievement.

Draft regulations and an accompanying circular on information to parents on their child's achievements are to be issued for consultation shortly. I will arrange for copies to be placed in the Library as soon as they are available.

Teacher Appraisal

To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science what arrangements have been made by his Department for the report on the evaluation of the school teacher appraisal pilot study, undertaken by the Cambridge Institute of Education, to be made available to those interested bodies who have been invited by his Department to comment on the report of the national steering group; what priority he attaches to such evaluation of school teacher appraisal; and if he will make a statement.

The Cambridge Institute of Education report on the evaluation of the school teacher appraisal pilot study was presented to the national steering group (NSG) responsible for overseeing the study in July this year, and was taken into account in the report to the Secretary of State by that group. My right hon. Friend did not send copies of the evaluation report, in addition to the reports of the NSG and Her Majesty's inspectors, to all those consulted on the NSG's recommendations, because he wished to limit the amount of reading required of them. Copies were, however, sent to the local authority and teacher associations and to all local education authorities and grant maintained schools.My right hon. Friend attaches considerable priority to the evaluation of pilot projects such as those in school teacher appraisal. The Cambridge Institute of Education as evaluators of the pilot projects made an important contribution to the work of the national steering group.

To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science what has been the amount of his Department's expenditure on the evaluation of teacher appraisal pilot projects, including expenditure for work undertaken by the Cambridge Institute of Education; and if he will make a statement on the main findings of this evaluation.

A total of £248,843 was spent on external evaluation of the school teacher appraisal pilot study by the Cambridge Institute of Education. The findings of this evaluation are set out in a report by the Cambridge institute, a copy of which has been placed in the Library.

Child Care Courses

To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science if he will introduce legislation to make practical child care courses part of the school curriculum.

Guidance on the place and content of health education in the curriculum as a whole is to be issued to all schools in England in 1990 by the National Curriculum Council. This is likely to include guidance on education about child care.

Barnstaple Schools

To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science what is the present and the forecast figure for pupils at the primary schools in Barnstaple Roundswell, Barnstaple Whiddon Valley and Barnstaple Landkey; and what additional funding he will provide for new schools in this area.

According to Devon local education authority, the figures are as follows:

19891993
Barnstaple, Roundswell371501
Barnstaple, Whiddon Valley8871,140
Barnstaple, Landkey205218
No proposals for new schools are currently before my right hon. Friend for decision. Priority is given in the distribution of annual capital guidelines for new school places needed as a result of population growth.

New School Buildings

To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science if he will make a statement on the guidance his Department gives to local education authorities on planning space and facilities to cater for first aid and sickness of pupils and staff in new school buildings.

Local education authorities are under a duty to provide medical accomodation in both new and existing schools in accordance with the requirements of regulation 12 of the Education (School Premises) Regulations 1981.The Department has not published any separate guidance on planning space and facilities in school buildings for these purposes. Its professional staff are, however, available to offer advice on aspects of the design and planning of school buildings where this is required.

Cbi Skills Report

To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science what representations he has received about the Confederation of British Industry report "Towards a Skills Revolution—A Youth Charter"; and if he will make a statement.

My right hon. Friend has discussed the work of the Confederation of British Industry's task force on vocational education and training with its chairman, Sir Bryan Nicholson, and with the confederation's director general, Mr. John Banham. The Government have welcomed the final report "Towards a Skills Revolution" and are giving serious consideration to its proposals.

Further Education Colleges

To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science what steps he is taking and on what timetable to give greater independence to local authority maintained further education colleges; and if he will make a statement.

Under the Education Reform Act all local education authorities are required to draw up schemes for the planning and funding of their further education colleges, and to delegate substantial authority to reformed college governing bodies. LEAs outside inner London were required to submit proposed schemes, together with articles of government for their colleges, by September 1989 for implementation from April 1990. Those proposed schemes and articles are currently under consideration.Inner London boroughs will be required to submit proposed schemes and articles of government by September 1991 for implementation from April 1992.

London Museums Education Initiative

To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science what steps he is taking to encourage London education authorities to work with the London museums education unit's new initiative for education in the capital.

The London Museums Service has had discussions with the Office of Arts and Libraries about the establishment of the unit and its programme of work. I welcome the steps the unit has taken to establish contact with individual boroughs and local authority associations.

Vocational Education And Training

To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science what steps he is taking to encourage the involvement of employers with further education colleges in the development of vocational education and training.

The reconstitution of college governing bodies required by the Education Reform Act will ensure that governors representing employment interests have no fewer than half of the available places on each new governing body. The Government have taken a number of steps to encourage employers to take up this opportunity to become involved in the development of vocational education and training. The then Secretary of State's speech to the 1988 CBI conference encouraged people from business to get involved and a leaflet "College Governors from the Business Community" was distributed. Earlier this year, an information pack "New Governors for Further Education" was produced by Industry Matters and also a promotional video. Employers can become involved in the work of colleges in many other ways. Through its Pickup initiative the Department has been encouraging colleges to work with employers to develop tailor-made training and updating provision. The changes required by the Education Reform Act will give employers greater oportunity to participate in the planning of such work.

To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science what targets he is setting for vocational education and training among young people.

My right hon. Friend recognises the need for considerable improvement in both the number and the level of vocational qualifications gained by young people. He believes that:

Every young person should either be in full-time education or in a job with time off for good quality training.
Every young person should achieve a recognised vocational qualification or its equivalent, with greater numbers achieving higher levels of qualification.

Bradford And Wiley (Colleges)

To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science (1) how many times since 1979 Her Majesty's inspectors of education have visited Bradford and Ilkley community college; how many times their reports have drawn attention to inadequate accommodation; and what action has been taken;(2) what location for new accommodation for Bradford college is identified in the bid submitted by Bradford local education authority to replace accommodation lost to Bradford college by vacating the Alexandra hotel building; and if he will make a statement;(3) what representations he has received from students and others about inadequate accommodation at Bradford college.

The Bradford and Ilkley community college has been visited by HMI on many occasions since it was created in 1982 but most of those visits will not have resulted in a report. There have, however, been four inspections of parts of the college's provision since HMI reports were published in 1983. As is usual all include an assessment of the adequacy and sufficiency of the teaching and other accommodation. Copies of the reports are sent to the authority for its consideration.The bid from Bradford LEA for a major building project to start in 1990–91 proposes to replace the Alexandra hotel building by converting the Westbrook building on the same site. The bid will be considered on its merits along with those from other education authorities, and allocations will be announced later this month.

The hon. Member recently wrote to my right hon. Friend enclosing a press release and representations from students in respect of accommodation at Bradford and Ilkley community college. My right hon. Friend has not received any other representations this year on this matter.

Scientific Research

To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science what is the Government's policy on maintaining and improving the standards of British scientific research.

I refer my hon. Friend to the speech at the first plenary meeting of the Academia Europaea on 26 June by my right hon. Friend the then Secretary of State, a copy of which is in the Library.

Student Loans

To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science in what way the proposed student loan scheme will apply to students from other European Economic Community countries attending centres of education in the United Kingdom; what arrangements will be made to recover the loans from such students after they have returned to their home countries; and if he will make a statement.

The rules governing the eligibility of students from the European Community will follow the provisions of the Mandatory Awards Regulations. Students from other member states will be eligible for top-up loans if they are attending relevant courses and satisfy the requirements for ordinary residence within the British Islands. Loans will also be available to students who are British citizens and who do not satisfy the ordinary residence requirements, if their absence resulted from employment, or their parents' employment, elsewhere in the European Community. European Community nationals not meeting the residence requirements will also be eligible if they, or their parents or spouses, can establish worker status under the relevant provisions in EC law. Arrangements will be made for the recovery of outstanding repayments from graduates living overseas. It will be in the interests of all borrowers to repay their loans.

Local Management Of Schools

To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science if he will make a statement of progress to date on approving local education authorities' schemes of local management of schools.

LEAs were required to submit their schemes by the end of September, and all did so. It is a great tribute to LEAs that they have got their schemes in on time. I have been impressed by the quality of what I have seen and the hard work that has been put into schemes by authorities, head teachers and governors.We have now announced our approval decisions on 24 schemes. In each case we have proposed minor modifications, all designed to ensure that our three key objectives of local management are met. These are: the maximum delegation of resources to schools; the funding of schools through a clear, open and objective formula; and the minimum constraints on governors' use of their new powers.

The first 24 LEAs whose schemes we have announced our intention to approve from next April are;

  • Barking and Dagenham
  • Bedfordshire
  • Calderdale
  • Cambridgeshire
  • Cheshire
  • Cumbria
  • Essex
  • Harrow
  • Havering
  • Kent
  • Lincolnshire
  • Newcastle
  • Norfolk
  • Northamptonshire
  • Oxfordshire
  • Rotherham
  • Sandwell
  • Solihull
  • Suffolk
  • Sunderland
  • Surrey
  • West Sussex
  • Westminster
  • Wiltshire

Survey Of Parental Awareness

To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science when he expects to publish the survey of parental awareness of school education commissioned by his Department.

Copies of the interpretative report of the survey of parental awareness of school education are being sent to each chief education officer and to various national education bodies today. Copies have been placed in the Libraries of both Houses.

National Finance

Investment

To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer if he will give the investment figure for United Kingdom business for the last year for which figures are available; if he will express the figure as a percentage of gross domestic product; and if he will make a statement.

The level of business investment in 1988 is estimated to have been £58 billion. This was 14·7 per cent. of GDP at factor cost. Total business investment was forecast in the Autumn Statement to increase in real terms by 9¼ per cent. in 1989. As a share of GDP this year it is likely to be the highest ever.

To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what contribution the increase in investment in manufacturing industry made to the increase in the trade deficit in 1988 and in 1989 to date.

It is not possible to make a precise estimate of the contribution of the increase in manufacturing investment to the increase in the trade deficit. However, with the Autumn Statement forecast of a 9¼ per cent. rise in 1989, business investment will have increased by over 40 per cent. in the three years to 1989—the largest increase over a three-year period since the war.

To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what are the inward and outward investment flows for each of the last five years between the United Kingdom and (a) the United States of America, (b) Japan, (c) West Germany and (d) France.

The available information relates to net outward and net inward direct investment flows and is published in tables 1·4 and 2·4 of Business Monitor MA4 1987—"Overseas Transactions". Information on portfolio investment, by country, is not available.

Manufactured Goods

To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer if he will publish in the Official Report a table showing (i) in terms of volume and of value at 1985 prices United Kingdom sales in 1973, 1979 and 1988 of the industries wholly or mainly engaged in manufacturing importable and exportable goods, (ii) imports and exports of such goods and (iii) the annual rate of increase in United Kingdom output in the 15 years prior to 1973 and in the period since.

Most manufactured goods can be imported and exported and therefore the question can be considered only in terms of manufacturing as a whole.

  • (i) United Kingdom sales data are not collected in volume terms, nor at 1985 prices, but the "Report of the Census of Production" summary volume contains current price data for sales and work done. However, a preferred indicator is gross output—that is, sales and work done adjusted for work in progress and goods on hand for sale. No figures are available yet for 1988.
  • (ii)—Data at 1985 prices are not published for imports and exports, but current price data and volume indices are contained in the "Monthly Review of External Trade Statistics".
  • (iii) Index numbers of output for manufacturing industries at 1985 prices are available in "Economic Trends" and its associated annual supplement.
  • The above publications are available from the House of Commons Library.

    To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer if he will publish in the Official Report a table showing in terms of 1985 prices the balance of trade in manufacturing less erratics on a BOP basis in each year from 1970 to 1973, in 1977, and from 1985 to 1988 and this year to date at an annual rate together with the annual increase/decrease in terms of 1985 prices in (i) gross and net investment in manufacturing industry, (ii) savings, (iii) consumer expenditure, (iv) United Kingdom output of capital and consumer goods, (v) imports of consumer and capital goods and (vi) exports of consumer and capital goods; and if he will publish corrective co-efficients with the trade deficit in each case.

    Information at constant prices, as is available, from which the balance of trade and percentage changes may be derived, can be found in Government statistical service publications, available from the Library of the House, or on the Central Statistical Office databank, which may be accessed through the Library.It is not clear what the hon. Member means by "corrective coefficients".

    To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what was the increase in the trade deficit in manufactures less erratics on a BOP basis in 1988 and this year to date; and what is his estimate of the contribution made in each case by the increase in investment in manufacturing industry and the fall in personal saving, respectively.

    The figures requested can be found on the CSO's computer databank, which can be accessed in the House of Commons Library. It is not possible to make precise estimates of the contribution to the manufacturing trade deficit of the rise in investment and fall in personal saving.

    Employment

    To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what has been the growth in employment over the last five years.

    Government Expenditure

    To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer if he will make a statement on the value to the Government's spending plans arising from lower interest costs on the national debt.

    General Government gross debt interest as a percentage of GDP has fallen from 5 per cent. in 1981–82 to an estimated 31/2 per cent. this year and is projected to fall to 21/4 per cent. in 1992–93. The fall in the burden of debt interest costs makes room within the medium-term plans for higher spending on priority programmes.

    Income Tax

    To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer if he has commissioned any research into the Swedish method of taxation for unmarried couples.

    To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what proposals he has to enable co-habitants to be taxed on the same basis as married couples where the couples are: (a) male/female, (b) male/male, and (c) female/female.

    The Government have no plans to allow unmarried couples to be taxed on the same basis as married couples. An unmarried couple who have a child living with them may qualify for an additional personal allowance, which will bring their total tax allowances to the same level as those available to a married couple.

    To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what assessment he has made of the delay to the introduction of independent taxation which a revised policy allowing married couples to share the marriage allowance equally would entail.

    A change in the rules for giving the married couple's allowance, so that couples could share the allowance equally between them, would delay the introduction of independent taxation for up to two years.

    To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer whether any surplus from a husband's marriage allowance will be automatically transferred to his wife in the new arrangements for married couple's allowance which are to be introduced in April 1990.

    Transfer of surplus married couple's allowance to the wife will normally require her husband to give notice to the tax office. Without such a notice, the tax office will not necessarily know that the husband has, or may have, any surplus allowance.

    Balance Of Trade

    To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what assessment he has made of the reasons for the United Kingdom's deficit on trade in invisibles with the European Economic Community and its surplus with the rest of the world.

    The deficit on invisibles transactions with European Community countries and institutions reflects deficits on services, including foreign travel, and transfers. Surpluses on interest profits arid dividends and on financial and other services make important contributions to the non-European Community invisibles surplus.

    Exchange Rates

    To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what effect the increase since January 1987 in both the nominal and real exchange rates against the D-mark has had on manufacturing capacity and on the future rate of growth in terms of the balance of payments constraint; and whether this has led him to revise the Treasury model of the economy.

    The level of manufacturing investment (including leased assets) in 1989 quarter 3 is provisionally estimated to be about 38 per cent. higher than in 1987 quarter 1; and its cumulative growth over this period has added substantially to manufacturing capacity. The Treasury model is updated when necessary in the light of latest data.

    Investment And Consumption

    To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what projections of net United Kingdom transactions in external liabilities for (i) direct investment, (ii) portfolio investment and (iii) total transactions, underlie the economic prospects for 1990 in the Chancellor's Autumn Statement.

    The Treasury does not publish forecasts of overseas sector capital flows.

    Payroll Giving

    To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer how many people in England and Wales now participate in payroll giving schemes.

    At 5 October 1989, the latest date for which figures are available, the total number of employees throughout the United Kingdom participating in payroll giving schemes was 162,526. Separate figures are not available for England and Wales.

    Trade Statistics

    To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what proportion of British exports is attributable to services, as opposed to manufactures, for the years 1979, 1984, 1988 and 1989; and what was total investment during the same years in these two sectors of the economy.

    The most recent estimates of exports of services and manufactured goods in 1979, 1984 and 1988 are contained in the 1989 edition of CSO's "United Kingdom Balance of Payments". The available estimates for investment in these years are contained in the 1989 edition for CSO's "United Kingdom National Accounts". Copies of both publications are available in the Library. They are also on the CSO Databank, which is accessible through the Library. Estimates of exports and manufacturing investment for the first half of 1989 are available from the Library in various CSO publications and from the databank.

    To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what are the principal differences between the definitions of consumer intermediate and capital goods, for United Kingdom production and for imports, in the national statistics.

    [holding answer 30 November 1989]: The principal difference is that the import classification applies only to finished manufactures (defined as Sections 7 and 8 of the Standard Industrial Classification, excluding ships, North Sea oil installations and aircraft), whereas the production classification applies to all industrial output. Further information may be obtained from "Industry Statistics: Occasional Paper No. 22" published by the Central Statistical Office in April 1989 and "Classification by broad economic categories" published by the United Nations in 1986, both of which may be found in the House of Commons Library.

    Statistics (Social Science)

    To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer if he will make a statement on the report, "Accessibility and other problems relating to statistics used by social scientists", prepared by Professor Benjamin for the Economic and Social Research Council.

    I understand that the Economic and Social Research Council has placed a copy of the report in the Library. Officials have prepared a detailed response, which has been sent to the commissioning bodies. This concludes that many of Professor Benjamin's criticisms are unfounded and based on factual inaccuracies and have been made without knowledge of the full range of publications and outputs. A copy of the full response has been placed in the Library.

    Foreign And Commonwealth Affairs

    High Technology Trading

    To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs if he will make a statement on the outcome of his discussions concerning trade in high technology with eastern Europe with his European Community counterparts at the Paris summit.

    Nepal

    To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what recent representations he has made to the Nepalese Government concerning abuses of human rights.

    Her Majesty's embassy in Kathmandu has on a number of occasions, most recently on 12 November this year, made known to the Nepalese Government the concern felt in this country at the treatment of Christians in Nepal.

    To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what representations he intends to make to the Nepalese Government concerning article 18 of the United Nations convention on human rights; and if he will make a statement.

    We have made and will continue to make known to the Nepalese Government our concern for the proper respect of religious liberties.

    Bir Zeit University

    To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what recent representations have been made to the Israeli Government concerning the continued closure of Bir Zeit university; and if he will make a statement.

    We have called regularly on the Israeli authorities, most recently in the EC statement on 6 October, to allow the schools and universities in the Occupied Territories to function normally.

    Romania

    To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what representations Her Majesty's Government are making to the Romanian Government in respect of the demolition of agricultural villages; and if he will make a statement.

    We will continue to protest strongly to the Romanian Government on every appropriate occasion about abuses of human rights in Romania, including those involved in President Ceausescu's policy of "systematisation".

    Cyprus

    To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs when he last met representatives of the Turkish Government; whether the question of Cyprus was raised; and if he will make a statement.

    I met Mr. Ozceri, under-secretary at the Turkish Ministry of Foreign Affairs, in London on 17 October. We discussed the Cyprus dispute and agreed on the need for early progress.

    Israel

    To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs whether he intends to pay a visit to the territories occupied by Israel.

    My right hon. Friend the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs has at present no plans to do so.

    Korea

    To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what is planned to be discussed when the President of Korea visits the United Kingdom in the coming week; whether he will ensure that the issue of that country's animal welfare record is included on the agenda; and what representations he has received concerning possible trade sanctions related to this issue.

    President Roh's visit provided the opportunity for a review of Anglo-Korean relations and current international issues. The Koreans are well aware of the strength of feeling in Britain about cruelty to animals. Trade sanctions, as advocated by the International Fund for Animal Welfare, would do nothing to help the situation.

    Sri Lanka

    To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what representations he has received regarding trade union rights in Sri Lanka; and if he will make a statement.

    We share the concern expressed by many hon. Members about abuses of human rights in Sri Lanka, but trade unions continue to operate normally there.

    Hong Kong

    To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what plans he has to afford citizenship rights in the United Kingdom to the Indian population now resident in Hong Kong.

    My right hon. Friend the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs is considering with my right hon. Friend the Home Secretary a package of measures to maintain confidence in Hong Kong and hopes to make an announcement around the turn of the year.

    To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs whether any steps have been taken to enable the Indian population now living in Hong Kong to become Chinese citizens after 1997.

    Chinese nationality is a matter for the Chinese Government. However it is our understanding that under Chinese nationality law aliens lawfully resident in China are eligible to apply for Chinese nationality. Those members of the Indian population who have resided in Hong Kong for at least seven years and who have taken Hong Kong as their place of permanent residence will continue to enjoy permanent resident status in the Hong Kong special administrative region after 1997, in line with the Sino-British joint declaration on the question of Hong Kong of 1984.

    To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs if he will test the acceptability of the basic law in Hong Kong by a referendum of all citizens.

    The Basic Law will be a Chinese law to be promulgated by the National People's Congress. It is being drafted by the Chinese authorities in consultation with Hong Kong people. A referendum would be neither appropriate nor useful.

    To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs how many orphans there are at present in the camps in Hong Kong; how they are to be repatriated, and what measures he will take to ensure a satisfactory result.

    We are seeking information from Hong Kong. I shall reply to the hon. Member as soon as possible.

    Ec Council Of Ministers

    To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs if he will publish in the Official Report a statement of forthcoming business in the European Community Council of Ministers.

    At the Transport Council on 4 and 5 December, Ministers will further consider the Commission's proposals on stage II of the EC common shipping policy and a report on the present state of discussions with certain west and central African states concerning their cargo allocation policies. A number of road transport items will be discussed including a proposal for a Council regulation on road haulage cabotage; training for drivers of dangerous goods by road; vehicles hired without drivers for the carriage of goods by road; negotiations between the EC and third countries on transit routes; road safety and a note from the presidency on social regulations concerning road transport. It is expected that the Transport Commissioner will make an oral presentation on Commission proposals on railways policy in the Community. A number of matters concerning the development of civil aviation in the Community are to be considered including proposals for Council regulations on fares for scheduled air services and access for air-carriers to scheduled intra-Community air service routes and the sharing of passenger capacity on scheduled services between member states. Ministers will discuss a presidency note on problems relating to the capacity of air traffic systems and aspects of Community transport infrastructure.The Telecommunications Council will meet on 7 December. Ministers will discuss the opening up to competition of the Community's telecommunications services markets by a Commission directive, and a related proposal for a Council directive on open network provision (ONP) to define the conditions on which telecommunications operators make available monopoly services. A common position on the proposed Council measure is unlikely to be achieved on 7 December. A proposed Council declaration on the establishment of a Commission working group to consider research and development in the field of broad-band technology will also be discussed.The European Council will meet in Strasbourg on 8 and 9 December. Heads of Government will discuss developments in eastern Europe and the EC response to them, and will discuss economic and monetary union. They will consider a proposal for a charter of fundamental social rights and a number of issues relevant to the completion of the single market. There will also be discussions on audiovisual matters and the free movement of people.The Agriculture Council will meet on 11 and 12 December to discuss veterinary checks, compound feedingstuffs, pesticide residues, pig semen, monitoring of export refunds and the scrutiny of EACFF accounts. Ministers will be asked to agree on the Commission submission to GATT on long term agricultural reform. The Council may also discuss the sluice gate price for pigmeat.

    At the Education Council on 14 December Ministers will be invited to agree the terms of a mixed resolution on measures to combat failure at school, mixed conclusions on technical and vocational education and initial training and on European Schools, and a decision amending the ERASMUS programme. There may also be discussion on the possibility of opening up Community programmes in the education and training fields to eastern European countries.

    At the Research Council on 15 December there will be further discussion of a new framework programme of Community activities in research and technological development. The agenda also anticipates the adoption of a common position on a two year programme on human genome analysis.

    The Economic and Financial Council will meet on 15 December to consider the economic situation in the Community, including the Commission's annual economic report. The revised financial regulation will be taken at the Council with the aim of reaching agreement by the end of the year. The discussion on taxation of savings will concentrate on mutual assistance. Common position was reached at ECOFIN on 13 November on the proposed revised Council decisions which will replace the 1964 decision on co-ordination between central banks and the 1974 decision on encouraging the convergence of economic policies and performance. Subject to the opinions of the European Parliament and the Economic and Social Committee it is hoped that the decisions will be adopted at the forthcoming meeting. The Solvency Ratio Directive and Second Banking Co-ordination Directive have received second reading opinions by the European Parliament and now also return to the Council for final adoption. ECOFIN is expected to discuss progress on the Commission's indirect tax proposals and a progress report on key issues of Takeover Directive negotiations in the Council working party.

    The Fisheries Council will meet on 18 December to discuss 1990 TACS and quotas, EC/Greenland, EC/ Norway, EC/Sweden, EC/Norway/Sweden, EC/Faroes, NAFO, 1990 opportunities in Spanish, Portuguese and member states' waters (Accession Treaties) and 1990 fisheries opportunities in waters off French Guyana. It may also discuss tariff quotas and EC/USSR, EC/GDR, EC/Poland and EC/Latin America.

    At the Foreign Affairs Council on 19 December Ministers will be asked to agree to the terms of the EC-USSR agreement. Ministers will consider developments in Eastern Europe and EC-EFTA co-operation. A Ministerial meeting on EC-EFTA matters is expected to take place in the margins of the FAC. The Council will consider the Commission's draft negotiating mandate for a second stage EC-GCC agreement and Ministers will be asked to agree on the Commission's submission to GATT on long term agricultural reform. The FAC is expected to discuss proposals from the Commission on European Community policy on Japanese car imports, including the issue of import restraints. Ministers will also need to discuss the implications of the finding of the GATT panel on the dispute between EC and United States over the EC oilseeds regime. They may also reach agreement on POSEIDOM (special programme for French overseas departments).

    The Internal Market Council on 21 and 22 December will discuss a number of measures relevant to the completion of the single market.

    Partial Test Ban Treaty

    To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs (1) how many preparatory committee meetings are planned by the depository states for the partial test ban treaty amendment conference; and what decisions have been taken by the first committee of the United Nations on the amendment conference;(2) if he will make a statement on current progress in arrangements for the planned amendment conference for the 1963 partial test ban treaty; how the amendment conference will be funded; what states have been invited, and by whom, to the conference; and what administrative facilities will be provided by the United Nations in support of the amendment conference.

    On 2 November the depositary Governments of the partial test ban treaty announced that they had arranged to convene the amendment conference on 8 January 1991 for a period of up to two weeks. They subsequently issued invitations to all states parties to the treaty. Although not a United Nations conference, the amendment conference is expected to be held on United Nations premises, and using United Nations facilities. No decisions have yet been reached by the participating states parties on funding the conference. On 17 November the first committee of the United Nations General Assembly adopted by majority vote a resolution recommending a preparatory commitee in May 1990 followed by a session of the amendment conference, with a second substantive session in January 1991.

    Missile Technology Control Regime

    To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs if he has had any discussions with representatives of the United States Government regarding tightening of the missile technology control regime; and if he will make a statement.

    I refer the hon. Member to the answer that I gave to the hon. Member for Western Isles (Mr. Macdonald) on 6 November. The United Kingdom will act as host for a meeting of the partners in the missile technology control regime in London on 5–6 December.

    Gibraltar

    To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs if he has received any representations from the Gibraltar Government regarding the colony's direct participation in elections for the European Parliament.

    To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, pursuant to his answer of 28 November, whether the Gibraltar Government assumed responsibility for the maintenance of the Governor's residence gardens by agreement with the United Kingdom Government.

    St Helena

    To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs if he will give details of the last elections to be held on St. Helena and list the number of contested seats, the number of votes cast and the percentage turn-out in each case.

    The most recent general election in St. Helena was held on 10 May 1989. Twelve councillors were elected from eight constituencies. The number of votes cast in each constituency was as follows:

    Number
    Jamestown823
    St. Paul's669
    Longwood447
    Half Tree Hollow431
    Blue Hill123
    Levelwood76
    Alarm Forest157
    Sandy Bay1
    1 Candidate elected unopposed.
    The overall percentage turn-out was 72 per cent.

    To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what is the gross national product per capita for St. Helena for the last 10 years for which figures are available.

    It is not possible to enumerate these statistics because no system of national accounting as yet exists in St. Helena. However, such a system is now being developed.

    Airport Agreement

    To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs whether he will seek to re-negotiate the 1987 airport agreement for Gibraltar with Spain in order to take account of the views of the Gibraltar Government.

    We believe that the agreement set out in the 2 December 1987 joint declaration represents a good deal for Gibraltar. We do not see that any useful purpose would be served by attempting to re-open negotiations on the text of that joint declaration.

    Islamabad High Commission

    To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs if he will instruct the migration and visa correspondence unit to supply to the hon. Member for Caithness and Sutherland the Islamabad High Commission reference number requested by the hon. Member by telephone on Monday 27 November.

    The information requested was supplied to the hon. Member's office by telephone on 30 November 1989.

    E1 Salvador

    To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs how may officers of the armed forces of E1 Salvador have been trained at United Kingdom military academies and training establishments in each of the past five years.

    To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs how much military aid Britain provides to the Government of E1 Salvador.

    To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs whether he will discuss with his European Community counterparts a ban on all military aid and advice to the Government of President Cristiani, in El Salvador until death squad activity has ceased.

    Cambodia

    To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs if he will make a statement concerning the plea of Prince Norodom Sihanouk, head of the Khmer Coalition Government o r Kampuchea, that the country be placed under United Nations trusteeship.

    We welcome all constructive proposals for restoring peace and stability to Cambodia, including the Australian proposal, now supported by Prince Sihanouk, for an interim authority under United Nations control.

    Energy

    Wind Energy

    To ask the Secretary of State for Energy if he will be presenting a paper to the European Community wind energy conference in Madrid before the deadline in January 1990.

    My Department, in association with its energy technology support unit, will be submitting a paper and subsequently presenting it to the Madrid wind energy conference.

    Electricity Industry

    To ask the Secretary of State for Energy what information he has on the contract between NORWEB and Lakeland Power.

    The terms of the electricity purchase contract between NORWEB and Lakeland Power are a commercial matter for the parties concerned.

    Energy Conservation

    To ask the Secretary of State for Energy what information he has on the current level of sales of energy conservation equipment and the comparable figures for 1988; and what is his policy on the stimulation of the market for energy efficiency goods and services.

    [holding answer 30 November 1989]: An important task of the energy efficiency office is to bring together in a variety of ways the energy efficiency industry and its potential customers.

    Our regional energy efficiency officers sponsor seminars and meetings, and co-operate with trade association such as the Energy Systems Trade Association and the Association for the Conservation of Energy to promote the use of energy efficient equipment. Our technology support units similarly promote particular energy efficient techniques and equipment, under the best practice programme. I myself regularly speak at conferences, as indeed I did at national energy managers exhibition at Birmingham on November 21, to stimulate and challenge the market for energy efficiency.

    On Wednesday 29 November, I similarly spoke in Cambridge at a conference entitled "The Greenhouse Effect and Energy Conservation". On 1 November I spoke on the occasion of Northern Electric's PEP and BETA awards, on 11 October at MANWEB's PEP and BETA awards and on 26 September at South Eastern Electricity's BETA awards; on each occasion taking particular pains to challenge managers to purchase and use more energy efficient equipment.

    On sales figures, I understand that sales of building energy management systems have increased by about 10 per cent. on 1988 figures to an estimated £89 million in 1989. Information on other types of energy efficiency equipment such as Combined Heat and Power (CHP) plant is not readily available, although the CHP industry has claimed "greatly increased interest and sales" in 1989. The Building Energy Efficiency Confederation inform me that in line with the general market for domestic goods, sales of different types of domestic insulation and heating control equipment are down by 6 per cent. and 20 per cent. in 1989 compared with 1988.

    The Arts

    Museums

    To ask the Minister for the Arts what representations he has received about the London museums education unit's new initiative for education in the capital; and if he will make a statement.

    My Office has received details of the London Museums Education Unit's initiative for education in the capital. Officials have met members of the unit to discuss the proposals and are currently considering further information which has been received.

    Prime Minister

    French President

    To ask the Prime Minister when she next expects to meet the French President.

    My next meeting with President Mitterrand will be at the NATO Heads of Government meeting in Brussels on 4 December.

    Salary

    To ask the Prime Minister what is (a) her official salary entitlement as Prime Minister and (b) the official salary she draws as Prime Minister; and if she will make a statement.

    My salary entitlement, as Prime Minister, payable under the Ministerial and other Salaries Order 1988, is £46,109. However, I choose to accept the same salary as a Cabinet Minister in the House of Commons, namely £34,479.

    House Of Commons

    Bills

    To ask the Lord President of the Council what considerations underlie a decision on which House of Parliament a Government Bill is to be introduced into; and how these considerations were applied in the case of the Food Bill.

    [holding answer 28 November 1989]: Various considerations may underlie the decision, including the need to balance the weight of business before the two Houses. I do not propose to go into the detailed factors in a particular case.

    Environment

    Public Sector Pay

    To ask the Secretary of State for the Environment what pay awards in the public sector he has approved in the current year.

    The pay of chairmen and board members of non-departmental public bodies and nationalised industries sponsored by my Department and of the staff of such controlled non-departmental public bodies requires my approval.I have approved pay increases for the chairmen and board members of non-departmental public bodies in line with the Government's decisions on the 28th report of the Top Salaries Review Body. I have also approved pay increases for the chairman and board members of the British Waterways Board and for the chairmen and the board members sponsored by my Department of the former English regional water authorities.In practice the pay of most of the staff of sponsored NDPBs is linked to public sector pay negotiated nationally. The application of national settlements to staff of the bodies in the following lists has been approved as they arose during the year. In addition I have approved pay increases for the junior staff of new town development corporations (negotiated in the Whitley Council for new town staff in line with the local authority 'white collar' settlement), for the wardens and deerstalker of the Nature Conservancy Council and a new package of pay and terms and conditions of service for the industrial staff of the Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission, constrained by the overall increase in the pay bill for similar staff in the Civil Service.

    Civil Service Pay Links

    • British Board of Agrement
    • Countryside Commission
    • Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission for England (English Heritage)—(non-industrial staff)
    • Housing Corporation (Senior Staff)
    • National Heritage Memorial Fund
    • Nature Conservancy Council (except as noted above)
    • New Town Development Corporations (Senior Staff)
    • Rent Officers
    • Royal Armouries
    • Royal Commission on Historical Monuments (England)
    • Royal Fine Art Commission
    • Rural Development Commission
    • Sports Council (non-industrial staff)

    Local Government Pay Links

    • Merseyside Development Corporation
    • Sports Council (industrial staff)
    • New Town Development Corporations (manual and craft workers)
    • Valuation & Community Charge Tribunals

    New Town Pay Links

    • Housing Corporation (junior staff)

    As regards the urban development corporations, other than the Merseyside Development Corporation, and the National Rivers Authority, I have approved the pay levels of senior staff and the overall increases in the pay bill for the rest of the staff by reference to the levels of public sector settlements generally.

    Rating Reform

    To ask the Secretary of State for the Environment (1) what provision he has made to protect tenants from landlords who do not remove the rate element from their rent following the introduction of the community charge; and if he will make a statement;(2) what guidelines his Department issued to landlords on adjusting rents following the introduction of the community charge.

    Where a fair rent is registered a landlord will not, after 1 April 1990, be able to recover an amount for rates in addition to that fair rent. Where no fair rent is registered landlords will not be able to demand from tenants any sum specifically included in rents as payable towards the domestic rates of the landlord. Since this is already the legal position further special provision is not necessary, nor would it be workable. The Department will shortly be issuing a leaflet for both landlords and tenants explaining the position.

    Housing Capital Investment

    To ask the Secretary of State for the Environment if he will list at 1988–89 prices local authorities housing capital investment on (a) new building, (b) renovation of local authority dwellings, (c) renovation grants, (d) lending to housing associations and (e) other housing capital programmes, in (1) inner London, (2) outer London, (3) metropolitan areas, (4) the south-east outside London, (5) other non-metropolitan areas and (6) England as a whole for (i) 1980–81, (ii) 1982–83, (iii) 1984–85, (iv) 1986–87 and (v) 1988–89.

    I have today placed tables giving the relevant information in the Library. 1988–89 data have not yet been fully analysed.

    Energy Savings (Palace Of Westminster)

    To ask the Secretary of State for the Environment what potential energy savings at the Palace of Westminster were indicated in the feasibility study commissioned by his Department; what was the recommended required investment; what was the indicated payback period; when he proposes to undertake the investment; and if he will release the study to the Library.

    An energy audit of the Palace of Westminster was commissioned by the Parliamentary Works Office in 1988 as part of the normal process of ensuring that its planned programme for the care and maintenance of the Palace takes proper account of needs and priorities.The report contain 130 recommendations. It identified the scope for savings of £217,000 pa. In the nine months since the report was received work has been completed which will achieve savings of over £70,000 pa. Further work is dependent on other developments, particularly the upgrading of the power supply. £0·6 million has been spent on this work in the current year and further major work will be carried out next year.In other cases major design work and or capital expenditure would be required to implement the recommendations. The saving from these, in aggregate, would be less than £50,000 pa for an investment of over £300,000 with pay-back periods mainly greater than four years. The timing of these schemes will be considered with the appropriate House Committees against other demands for the capital works programme.

    Tenants Rights

    To ask the Secretary of State for the Environment if he will consider amending the current legislation to provide statutory protection of the tenant's right to renewal of a lease after application has been made to the court in order to avoid the present need to register an application on a land charge.

    No. Legislation already exists covering this area. No changes are necessary.

    Community Charge (Prisoners)

    To ask the Secretary of State for the Environment whether guidance will be issued to local authorities on the amount of community charge to be levied on prisoners who lived alone before entering prison.

    Charging authorities have discretion to specify classes of property for the purposes of the standard charge. In doing so they may have regard to a number of factors, including the circumstances of the person subject to the charge. If they wish, they may therefore specify a class of property to include property unoccupied because the owner is in prison. Guidance explaining this has been sent to charging authorities, but it is for individual authorities to decide whether to specify such a class, and, if they do, what rate of standard charge to levy.

    Local Government Finance

    To ask the Secretary of State for the Environment how much in cash terms has been paid to (a) Langbaurgh, (b) Stockton and (c) Middlesbrough councils by way of central Government grants to support rates income in each of the past five years.

    The information is as follows:

    Central Government grants1
    £ million
    LangbaurghStocktonMiddlesbrough
    1984–856·46·914·0
    1985–866·96·014·7
    1986–877·96·716·3
    1987–886·16·916·3
    1988–895·86·519·0
    1 Rate Support Grant and specific grants paid to authorities' Rate Fund Revenue Accounts.

    Cleveland County Council

    To ask the Secretary of State for the Environment what plans he has to regulate the spending of Cleveland county council.