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Written Answers

Volume 164: debated on Monday 18 December 1989

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Written Answers To Questions

Monday 18 December 1989

Prime Minister

Official Travel (Rail)

To ask the Prime Minister when she last travelled on official business on a public transport train in (a) London and (b) Singapore.

I regret that for reasons of practicality and security it is difficult for me to travel by rail on official business. I do so when a suitable opportunity arises. I last travelled by train from King's Cross, London to an official function on 31 August 1989. I last made a journey on the mass rapid transport system in Singapore on 31 July 1988.

Civil Service

Disabled People

107.

To ask the Minister for the Civil Service what percentage of staff employed within the Civil Service on 1 November were then registered as disabled persons.

Transport

A1 (Roadworks)

To ask the Secretary of State for Transport whether, pursuant to his reply of Monday 4 December, Official Report, column 93, to the hon. Member for Stockton, South, he will make a statement on the extensive roadworks being undertaken on the A1 in Yorkshire.

The roadworks now being carried out on the A1 in Yorkshire are essential maintenance works to protect the structural integrity of the road and at the same time keep it in a safe condition. The present scheme at Scotch Corner is for major resurfacing, whereas the other schemes in progress are short-term minor works. In accordance with the Department's policy, the works are phased and spaced out as much as possible to keep traffic disruption to a minimum.

Travel Concessions

To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what plans he has to make an order under section 93(7)(f) of the Transport Act 1985 to enable men between the ages of 60 and 64 years to receive the same travel concessions as are currently available to women.

I have no plans to change the present arrangements which link eligibility for travel concession for the elderly to state pensionable age.

Air Services

To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what restrictions he sets down on the number of hours that crews of British airlines may fly; and what information he has on the restrictions that apply to foreign registered and operated air services.

It is the Civil Aviation Authority that is responsible for the regulation of the working hours of crews of British airlines, in accordance with the Air Navigation Order 1989. The order requires that no member of the flight crew may fly for more than 100 hours in any consecutive 28-day periods or more than 900 hours during the period of 12 months expiring at the end of the previous month.Furthermore, the order requires operators to establish a scheme for the regulation of crew duty times and the scheme must be approved by the Civil Aviation Authority. The Civil Aviation Authority provides guidelines, CAP 371, to assist operators to develop acceptable schemes. The guidelines cover such matters as rest periods, standby duty, days off, extended range operations by two pilots, delayed reporting times, acclimatisation to local time, the records that must be kept and the reports that must be made.Guidelines are also issued by the International Civil Aviation Organisation. I understand that other states' regulations are in general comparable with the Civil Aviation Authority's requirements.

A40, Acton

To ask the Secretary of State for Transport why the work of cutting down shrubs on the central reservation of the A40 Western avenue at Acton was scheduled for the current time of year; what assessment he has made of the effect of the work on the journey time from Uxbridge to London; and if he will give intructions for this work to be postponed until the new year.

This work is part of a rolling programme to provide central reservation safety fencing and guard railing on trunk roads. The work along the A40 Western avenue is being co-ordinated by the Department's agent, the London borough of Ealing, and is being carried out in the interests of safety. Some disruption is inevitable, but efforts will continue to be made to minimise any inconvenience to the public.Work will be suspended over the Christmas and new year holiday and should then be completed in mid-January.

A40, Ealing

To ask the Secretary of State for Transport how long the present work on the central reservation of the A40 in the London borough of Ealing has taken; what it is costing; when it is expected to end; and if he will make a statement.

These works are part of a rolling programme to provide central reserve safety fencing and pedestrian guard railing on the A40 Western avenue in the London borough of Ealing.The current phase of these works began in mid-September and is expected to be completed by mid-January 1990. The total cost of these works is approximately £960,000.Further works will be required in the coming months. I will write to my hon. Friend when the contractual arrangements have been finalised.

Near-Miss, London-Belfast Route

To ask the Secretary of State for Transport whether he will ask the accident investigation branch to investigate the near-miss involving a civilian aircraft travelling from London to Belfast on the evening of 11 November and then publish the results of the inquiry.

No near-miss, or airmiss, was reported for the date and time referred to. However, a mandatory occurrence report was filed with the Civil Aviation Authority by the captain of a British Midland aircraft en route from London to Belfast.It is for the chief inspector of air accidents to determine whether an investigation into an incident or accident shall be carried out. I understand that the chief inspector has found no reason for instituting an investigation in this case. It is thought possible that there may be a meteorological explanation to the phenomenon observed.

Driving Licences

To ask the Secretary of State for Transport how many motorists have had their licences withdrawn as a result of medical advice given to the Driver and Vehicle Licensing Centre regarding lack of fitness to drive a motor vehicle; and if he will make a statement on the procedure for advising the licensing authorities on such matters.

The figures available are given in the table:

Year
1984–855,821
1985–868,216
1986–879,318
1987–8810,442
1988–8910,891
Advice about the obligation to notify the onset or worsening of medical conditions which might affect ability to drive safely is printed on all driving licences. Further information is available in the leaflet "What you need to know about driver licensing", Form D100, which is available from most Post Offices.I will write to my hon. Friend to give fuller details about the statutory powers available to the Secretary of State in this area of driver licensing and how the driver licensing centre carries out its medical investigation of drivers.

To ask the Secretary of State for Transport how many motorists over the age of 75 years hold current driving licences; and what proportion of these has been declared medically fit to operate a moter vehicle.

No details are available of the number of drivers over the age of 75 years.

There are 1,656,818 current licence holders over the age of 70, all of whom have been considered to be medically fit to hold a driving licence; 117,586 of these drivers are recorded as having a medical condition. All drivers are obliged by law to notify DVLC of the onset or worsening of medical condition which could affect their ability to drive safely.

American Airlines

To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what attempts are being made by the Government to persuade American airlines to adopt a more flexible attitude towards new routes and services; and if he will make a statement.

The United Kingdom pressed the US Government during talks held between 29 November and 1 December to join the United Kingdom in addressing the broad question of liberalising the air services arrangements between our two countries. We also suggested an exchange of opportunities to meet the shorter-term ambitions of the airlines of both sides. Arrangements are in hand to resume these talks shortly.

Foulridge Bypass

To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what is his latest assessment of the level of overcrowding in the Foulridge bypass; if he will bring about an early start to the construction of the Foulridge bypass; and if he will make a statement.

These are matters of Lancashire county council as the highway authority for the A56 north of Burnley. I understand that the council hopes to start construction of a Colne-Foulridge bypass in late 1991. I shall write to my hon. Friend.

London Assessment Studies

To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what budget he has set aside for information to the public on the London assessment studies after publication of the next stage of the London assessment studies.

The cost of providing information is included in the overall budget for the studies.Free copies of the reports have been provided to local authorities throughout the study areas with a request that they should be put on display to the public in main libraries and suitable locations. They will also be sent to representative organisations in the study areas. Summaries of the consultants' work and leaflets giving the Department's initial views and request for comments are also available at those locations, or free of charge direct from the consultants. A short summary in Bengali of the options for consultations in east London will be available from Ove Arup.

East London River Crossing

To ask the Secretary of State for Transport how many residential properties his Department has acquired along the line of the east London river crossing; how many have been offered to housing authorities; how many have been refused; and how many are currently unoccupied.

The Department owns 111 residential properties along the line of the east London river crossing; 54 are let to the London borough of Greenwich and three to the London borough of Bexley; 35 are let to various housing associations; 13 are let directly to individual tenants; and six are currently unoccupied.There is no readily available record of refusals.

Disabled People

To ask the Secretary of State for Transport whether he has any plans to introduce a national corporate orange badge scheme to enable essential medical staff to park to visit disabled people in city centre areas.

Arrangements already exist whereby police and traffic wardens exercise discretion in respect of parking controls where doctors or nursing staff on urgent visits display the authorised British Medical Association badge. We are not aware of any reasons to extend these arrangements.By contrast, the orange badge scheme conveys specific parking concessions to enable severely disabled people themselves to get close to their destinations.

M3

To ask the Secretary of State for Transport whether he has had negotiations with the main contractor on the Compton to Bassett section of the M3 to widen all bridges and gantries to enable his Department to construct a fourth lane at some time in the future; and if he will make a statement as to his policy for a fourth dual lane on the M3 at Winchester.

The section of the Compton to Bassett section of the M3 motorway north of Leigh road, Eastleigh, is being constructed with dual three-lane carriageways. However, as a prudent measure my Department has negotiated with the contractor a small modification in the design of one bridge to allow for any possible future widening that may be required.As my hon. Friend is aware, proposals for the remaining section of the proposed M3 motorway round Winchester were considered at the 1985 public inquiry and the re-opened inquiry in 1987–88. My right hon. Friends the Secretaries of State for the Environment and for Transport are considering the reports of the independent inspectors who conducted the inquiries and they will announce their joint decisions as soon as possible. I am sure my hon. Friend will understand that it would not be appropriate for me to comment further until that decision is announced.

Severn Bridge

To ask the Secretary of State for Transport if he will make an early statement concerning resurfacing work on the Severn bridge and associated problems and the consequent hold-ups on the M4 motorway.

From Tuesday 12 December eastbound traffic on Severn bridge was restricted to a single lane in the interests of road safety due to unexpected difficulties with skid resistance on the new road surface. This caused extensive delays. Two-lane working was restored on Friday 15 December. The underlying cause of the problem is being investigated.

Scoot Programme

To ask the Secretary of State for Transport how many countries have bought the SCOOT programme for traffic signals developed by his Department.

Jubilee Line

To ask the Secretary of State for Transport how much of the cost of constructing the Jubilee line extension will be paid for by (a) developers, (b) fare payers, and (c) the Treasury.

In my right hon. Friend's written answer of 16 November to the hon. Member for Hendon, South (Mr. Marshall) Official Report column 398, he said:

"The Jubilee extension will cost about £l billion in today's prices to which developers will over time be making a cash contribution of over £400 million."

We do not yet know the full total of developer contribution as negotiations with some are still continuing. London Regional Transport's present fare revenue is not earmarked to particular projects; and the fare revenue that will be generated by the Jubilee line extension itself will depend upon decisions on fare structures and levels that will not be determined by London Regional Transport until much nearer the opening of the line. In the meantime the Government will meet that proportion of the costs of the line not covered by developer contributions.

Panamanian Registered Ships

To ask the Secretary of State for Transport (1) what calculation he has made of the likely impact on British owned Panamanian registered ships which will arise when the United States Administration bans Panamanian flag carriers from United States ports;(2) what information he has on British owned Panamanian registered ships re-flagging as a result of the impending ban on Panamanian flag carriers from United States ports;(3) what representations he has received from British shipowners following the decision of the United States Administration to ban Panamanian registered ships from United States ports.

The General Council of British Shipping has objected to the ban on principle. It has told us of one United Kingdom shipowner who may re-register a Panamanian flagged vessel that operates in the United States trades.

Traffic Pollution

To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what information he has of the likely atmospheric pollution caused by the increase in traffic as forecast by his Department; and if he will make a statement.

My Department's traffic forecasts are of demand up to 2025. But it is not possible to foresee the extent to which it will be possible or desirable to meet forecast levels of demand for such a long period ahead. Another cause of uncertainty is that the total level of vehicle emissions will depend upon the progress of current initiatives to reduce emissions by individual vehicles.

Port Of London Authority

To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what is the rank and function of Mr. P. Graham Hewett within his Department; if he will indicate on how many occasions Mr. Hewett had meetings with (a) officials of the Port of London Authority and (b) the authority itself in the period 1 January to 31 July; and if he will indicate the purpose of such meetings and the subject matters discussed.

Mr. Hewett is an assistant secretary currently employed in the European and general division of the Department. Between January and November this year he was seconded to the Port of London Authority at its request in connection with the financial reconstruction of the authority. The terms of his secondment and his work there were entirely for the PLA; Mr. Hewett, during his endorsement, did not report to my Department.

Congestion, London

To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what measures he is taking to reduce congestion in London; and when he expects to see the first results.

I refer the hon. Member to the statement made to the House on 14 December (Official Report, columns 1184–86) by my right hon. Friend the Secretary of State.

Coastguard Service

To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, pursuant to his reply of 12 December, Official Report, column 538, what was the cause of the technical fault on the Swansea coastguard line, timed at 15.25; how it was detected; and how it was made good before the 999 call to Swansea timed at 15.35 on 16 August.

To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, pursuant to his reply of 27 November, Official Report, column 81–82, what was the origin of the VHF radio call timed at 15.22.

The radio call, from Milford Haven coastguard to Swansea coastguard, passed information received as a result of a re-routed 999 call, concerning an incident at Ilfracombe. The logged time of 15.25 at Milford Haven reflects completion of both the telephone call and the relaying of the information to Swansea, while the logged time of 15·22 at Swansea reflects the initial radio call from Milford Haven indicating distress information.

Roads (Funding)

To ask the Secretary of State for Transport how much local authority expenditure he intends to accept for transport supplementary grant in 1990–91; what supplementary credit approvals and what level of annual capital guidelines he will be issuing for local roads expenditure; and if he will make a statement.

I have decided to accept £466 million of local authority highway expenditure for transport supplementary grant in 1990–91. Grant will be paid on this expenditure at a flate rate of 50 per cent. The total of £233 million TSG is nearly 15 per cent. higher than for 1989–90.I have also decided to issue supplementary credit approvals of £50 million and total annual capital guidelines of £352 million, bringing coverage for local roads and parking for 1990–91 to £635 million. The capital allocation for 1989–90 is £513 million.Seventy new major (over £1 million) schemes will be supported through TSG for the first time. Among these are the Birmingham Heartlands spine road; a major new link road from the M57 to the A562 in Merseyside; the Littlehampton bypass; further stages of both the Avon ring road and the Leeds inner ring road; as well as the Thornaby bypass and the Beddington-Mitcham relief road other important improvements in both urban and rural areas. Twenty-two of these schemes will directly assist inner cities.Some 270 other major schemes will continue to receive TSG support, including 90 in inner-city areas. Most of these are already under construction or are due to start in the current financial year.Local authorities have reported completion of 59 TSG-supported schemes costing £245 million in 1988–89 and a start of works on 65 such schemes costing £401 million. During 1989–90, they plan to complete a further 62 schemes costing £290 million and start 76 costing £538 million.In deciding the distribution of transport supplementary grant for 1990–91, I have considered carefully the transport policies and programme document submitted by each local highway authority, and have looked at the extent to which authorities' programmes relate to roads of more than local importance. Many local authority roads—such as major urban roads and roads on the primary route network—carry significant amounts of through traffic, and thus complement the trunk road network. Improvements to such roads are important locally because they save lives, reduce congestion and relieve communities from the effects of through traffic. They are also of national benefit by aiding the efficient flow of goods, people and services. TSG reflects the national taxpayer's interest in helping local authorities to improve these roads.I have also given special priority this year to schemes which will assist in the regeneration of our inner cities. New and improved roads are often crucial in unlocking inner-city potential, either by removing through traffic from inner-city streets, thereby relieving congestion, increasing safety and improving the environment, or by providing high-quality access to the motorway network for inner-city industry and commerce.Many smaller schemes on heavily trafficked roads produce very significant accident savings and other benefits. My right hon. Friend has therefore also taken into account £38 million of expenditure on minor (under £1 million) schemes for grant in 1990–91.Annual capital guidelines, together with supplementary credit approvals, will provide local highway authorities with the necessary resources to meet the balance of their TSG-accepted expenditure and to undertake a further wide range of improvements and expenditure to which TSG support does not extend.The amount of expenditure accepted for TSG, the amount of grant, the annual capital guideline, and the

Local authority capital expenditure on roads 1990–91
AuthorityNet expenditure accepted for TSGTransport supplementary grantSupplementary credit approvalsAnnual capital guideline
£ million£ million£ million£ million
Metropolitan districts
Bolton2·6841·3420·0001·945
Bury1·6980·8490·0001·315
Manchester9·6324·8160·1878·198
Oldham1·2280·6140·0002·443
Rochdale0·3780·1890·0001·036
Salford5·0962·5480·0003·882
Stockport0·9160·4580·0000·959
Tameside0·8060·4030·0001·438
Trafford0·7780·3890·0001·566
Wigan1·7440·8720·0002·065
Knowsley1·7920·8960·0001·397
Liverpool1·5000·7500·0001·397
St. Helens5·8822·9410·3403·007
Sefton0·7380·3690·2820·689
Wirral0·9000·4500·2201·299
Barnsley3·1481·5740·1322·142
Doncaster1·4140·7070·0001·897
Rotherham2·4861·2430·0001·908
Sheffield11·0925·5460·2706·191
Gateshead1·9440·9720·0001·991
Newcastle upon Tyne0·1240·0620·0002·920
North Tyneside0·3060·1530·0000·542
South Tyneside1·4000·7000·0001·242
Sunderland1·6940·8470·0003·033
Birmingham15·7907·8950·7449·811
Coventry2·9481·4740·8251·537
Dudley1·1500·5750·0002·272
Sandwell1·5040·7520·0002·672
Solihull0·8560·4280·0001·325
Walsall5·5022·7512·6930·490
Wolverhampton5·6842·8422·1111·748
Bradford4·9342·4670·1274·115
Calderdale0·1920·0960·0001·428
Kirklees0·1200·0600·0000·735
Leeds5·2642·6320·0883·876
waKefield0·3140·1570·0002·457
Shire Counties
Avon13·4286·7140·4917·230
Bedfordshire5·1822·5910·1323·659
Berkshire3·7641·8820·2395·723
Buckinghamshire2·3061·1530·0002·087
Cambridgeshire3·8641·9320·0004·316
Cheshire8·3084·1540·0006·174
Cleveland10·8845·4420·0006·174
Cornwall5·5942·7970·0004·670
Cumbria4·6522·3260·0003·326
Derbyshire1·1640·5820·0004·353
Devon6·7883·3940·4077·622
Dorset5·7322·8660·0004·544
Durham4·8202·4100·0002·932
East Sussex6·1423·0710·6605·082
Essex13·3726·6860·37311·533
Gloucestershire3·8661·9330 0003·215
Hampshire15·2787·6395·9104·274
Herefordshire and Worcester2·6761·3380·0002·585
Hertfordshire6·0503·0250·0004·700
Humberside10·6245·3120·0007·677
Isle of Wight0·828;0·4140·0001·202
Kent25·10012·5509·8538·869
Lancashire25·74612·8730·00016·496
Leicestershire6·0943 0470·0004·477
Lincolnshire3·1481·5740·0002·481
Norfolk11·3465·6732·8894·428
Northamptonshire5·6982·8490·0005·115
Northumberland2·9621·4810·0002·265

supplementary credit approvals which the Government intend to issue for highway expenditure for each local highway authority are set out in the table. Councils are being informed individually today of their own figures.

Authority

Net expenditure accepted for TSG

Transport supplementary grant

Supplementary credit approvals

Annual capital guideline

£ million£ million£ million£ million
North Yorkshire6·8883·4440·0004·909
Nottinghamshire3·8281·9140·0003·986
Oxfordshire4·9242·4620·0005·352
Shropshire3·1321-5660·0003·540
Somerset6·3123·1560·0004·486
Staffordshire5·8262·9130·0004·390
Suffolk6·3743·1870·0005·782
Surrey12·6606·3302·7466·359
Warwickshire0·9840·4920·3282·112
West Sussex9·0644·5320·0006·045
Wiltshire5·9702·9850·0004·714

London Boroughs

City of London0·2020·1010·0000·461
Barking and Dagenham3·4961·7480·0003·622
Barnet0·3220·1610·0000·571
Bexley4·2682·1340·0002·869
Brent0·0140·0070·0000·736
Bromley7·6683·8340·0004·328
Camden0·3780·1890·0001·095
Croydon1·7760·8880·0001·890
Ealing4·8582·4291·7103·592
Enfield9·7624·8816·4800·429
Greenwich0·0380·0190·0001·149
Hackney0·3720·1860·0000·791
Hammersmith and Fulham0·2960·1480·0001·303
Haringey5·4422·7212·7800·661
Harrow6·4283·2140·0005·668
Havering0·4300·2150·0000·568
Hillingdon5·4842·7424·9172·297
Hounslow0·5580·2790·2790·540
Islington0·3360·1680·0000·549
Kensington and Chelsea0·5700·2850·0000·694
Kingston upon Thames1·1320·5660·0001·881
Lambeth0·3080·1540·0000·280
Lewisham3·9741·9870·0003·081
Merton14·2007·1001·1507·282
Newham3·5821·7910·0002·869
Redbridge0·2680·1340·0000·598
Richmond upon Thames0·3440·1720·0000·633
Southwark0·4980·2490·0001·701
Sutton1·1800·5900·0003·168
Tower Hamlets0·1820·0910·0001·007
Waltham Forest0·1120·0560·0000·726
Wandsworth2·0221·0110·0003·429
Westminster0·7340·3670·0004·589

Western Environmental Improvement Route

To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what response he received to the public consultation on the western environmental improvement route which took place in the spring.

Some 7,000 responses in one form or another were received to the consultation exercise. These, together with any further comments made in the context of the London assessment studies, will be taken fully into account in reaching a decision on the future of the Western environmental improvement route.

Speed Limits

To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, pursuant to his answer of 4 December, Official Report, column 84, how many representations he has received in favour of a speed limit (a) higher and (b) lower than 70 miles an hour; and if he will make a statement.

[holding answer 15 December 1989]: This year I have received 95 letters concerning the 70 mph maximum speed limit. Of these 13 were in favour of a higher limit; 29 asked for a lower limit and 53 for the rigorous enforcement of the existing limit.The maximum speed limit on motorways was fully reviewed in 1984 and 1985. I am satisfied that the existing limit allows for safe and sensible maximum speeds in normal driving conditions and gives a correct balance between the need for fast, convenient travel and safety.

Car Pollution

To ask the Secretary of State for Transport if his Department has conducted a comparative study of the pollutant gases and particulate matter released from (a) cars run on leaded petrol, (b) cars run on unleaded petrol, (c) cars fitted with catalytic converters run on unleaded patrol and (d) diesel engined cars, each in terms of weight carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide and sulphur dioxide per mile.

[holding answer 15 December 1989]: The Department has not conducted a comparative study of the type suggested, but the following points may be of assistance. There should be no difference in emissions, other than of lead, between non-catalyst vehicles running on leaded or unleaded petrol. Sulphur emissions are directly related to the sulphur content of fuel, which is regulated in the United Kingdom to 0·3 per cent. by weight for diesel and 0·2 per cent. by weight for petrol. Particulate emissions from petrol engines, provided they are not worn out and burning lubricating oil, are negligible compared with particulate emissions from diesel engines.

Co (g/mile)HC + NOx (g/mile)Particulate (g/miles)
EC Directive 83/351 (the current non catalyst standard)23–247·6–11·1No standard until October 1990
EC Directive 89/458 (the future standard to be applied from 1992)7·62·00·44 (diesels only)
The standards set by directive 89/458 will be revised when the emission directives are consolidated in the near future. The consolidation will include a revision of the drive cycle used in the test. At present it is 2·58 miles long and simulates urban driving. The revised cycle will he 6·8 miles long and include some high-speed driving. It is likely that a reduction of about 27 per cent. in the particulate limit will also be included in the consolidation.

Health Services

To ask the Secretary of State for Transport how many representations he has had to date from organisations treating and providing services for the elderly and chronically sick about the effect of the current National Health Service plans, and how many of these representations are in favour of the proposed changes.

I have been asked to reply.We have received a large number of representations from a wide variety of sources. Many ask questions, many support some or all of our proposals, some refer only to specific aspects. It is not possible to distinguish individual representations in the way the hon. Member requests.

Northern Ireland

Violence To Women

To ask the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland if he will take steps to ensure that women are made less vulnerable to crimes of violence through a review of the present framework of legislation and its application in order to sustain a more appropriate relationship between the damage done to victims and the penalties awarded to convicted criminals.

The criminal law is reviewed on a continuous basis, but the application of the legislation concerned is a matter for the courts to determine, taking into account all the circumstances of each individual case. The hon. Gentleman will be aware that the maximum penalty in Northern Ireland for attempted rape has recently been

1989
JulyAugustSeptemberOctoberNovember
Number of searches
Total number of searches carried out1956405332
Total number of inmates searched1531242522
Number of prisoners searched once1117151516
Number of prisoners searched twice412875

In general, the same gaseous emission standards are achieved by both petrol and diesel engines. The emission standards on the current urban cycle type approval tests are expressed in grammes per test (g/test). These standards, recalculated in grammes per mile (g/mile), are as follows:

increased to life imprisonment, and that any sentence regarded by the Attorney-General as too lenient can now be the subject of a reference to the Court of Appeal.

Teachers' Pay

To ask the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland what function is served by the Northern Ireland negotiating body on teachers' salaries.

To negotiate the remuneration and terms and conditions of service of teachers in recognised schools in Northern Ireland. It is also the vehicle for consultation by the Department of Education on matters relating to teachers' superannuation.

Prison Searches

To ask the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland (1) how many strip searches were made on female prisoners in Her Majesty's prison, Maghaberry monthly since July, giving the number of persons involved and the number of times each person was searched; if any prison contraband, smuggled item or illegal correspondence was discovered in any search, indicating which items; in how many cases prisoners refused to be searched and had to be restrained while the search was being conducted; and what were the reasons for the search;(2) how many strip searches were made on female prisoners in Her Majesty's prison, Maghaberry, monthly since July; giving the number of persons involved and the number of times each person was searched; if any prison contraband, smuggled item or illegal correspondence was discovered in any search, indicating which items; on how many cases prisoners refused to be searched and had to be restrained while the search was being conducted; and what were the reasons for the search.

Details of the numbers of and reasons for strip-searches made of female prisoners in Her Majesty's prison Maghaberry from March 1989 to June 1989 have already been provided—Official Report, 28 July 1989. Details from July 1989 to November 1989 are as follows:

July

August

September

October

November

Number of prisoners searched more than twice2131

Reasons for search

First admission on remand/awaiting trial4991711
First admission on sentence/final discharge92419129
Attending remand court
Attending trial
Inter-prison visits112
Pre-release home leave520963
Compassionate home leave42
Visits to outside hospital
Returning from bail application
Attendance at court for bail121
Fines paid
Working out scheme22124

No prohibited article was found during these searches and no prisoner refused to be searched.

Anglo-Irish Agreement

To ask the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland what are the dates of the five meetings of the Anglo-Irish intergovernmental conference between 1 January and 31 July 1990.

Home Department

Prisoners (Meal Requirements)

To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department whether he will include in the relevant code of practice a requirement for the provision of drinks to prisoners on remand or in custody, additional to the existing statutory right to have three meals in any 24-hour period.

The term "meals" in the code of practice is always interpreted as including drinks, and the custody officer will respond to reasonable requests for drinks between meals. This will be clarified in the revised code which we are now preparing.

Vehicle Security

To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department (1) what percentage of all reported crimes are listed as thefts of, or thefts from, motor vehicles;(2) what percentage of offenders involved in theft of, or thefts from, motor vehicles are apprehended; what percentage are convicted; and if he will make a statement.

The available published information can be found in the annual Command Paper, "Criminal Statistics, England and Wales": the latest issue, for 1988, is Cm. 847, and a copy is available in the Library. In 1988 about one quarter of all notifiable crimes recorded by the police were thefts of, or from, motor vehicles, and about a quarter of these offences were cleared up. The number of persons prosecuted and found guilty of thefts of or from motor vehicles in 1988 is given in the following table:

Persons proceeded against and found guilty of thefts of and from motor vehicles—England and Wales 1988

Total proceeded against

Total found guilty

Percentage found guilty

Theft of motor vehicles6.1114,08067
Theft from motor vehicles10,7968,31677

British Summer Time

To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many representations he has received concerning the implementation of British summer time throughout the year; and if he will make a statement.

Following the publication in June of the Green Paper "Summer Time—A Consultation Document" (Cm. 722) a total of 30,797 representations have been received to date. We hope to have completed an assessment of them in the near future.

Prison Searches

To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department if he will give details of the number of body searches, cell searches and cell changes and strip searches carried out on each of the category A prisoners being held at Her Majesty's Prison, Durham monthly, since July, if any prison contraband, smuggled item or illegal correspondence was discovered in any search, indicating which items; in how many cases prisoners refused to be searched and had to be restrained while the search was being conducted; and what were the reasons for the search.

Records are not kept of the occasions when rub down searching or "frisking" is carried out in prisons and it is not the practice to disclose detailed information about security arrangements such as that requested about the frequency of cell searches and cell changes.Establishments are not required to record all strip searches and comprehensive records are available only in respect of category A women prisoners, of whom there were four in Durham prison between 1 July and 30 November. The number of occasions on which each was strip searched in each month during this period is shown in the following table:

Prisoner

A

B

C

D

July2
August111
September1314
October443
November2222

No unauthorised article was found. On no occasion did the prisoners refuse to be strip-searched.

Strip-searching is a routine security measure to which all inmates— male and female—are subject, both for its deterrent effect and as a means of discovering unauthorised articles.

Falmouth Police Station

To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department if he has yet made a decision on Falmouth's new police station; and if he will make a statement.

I will write to my hon. Friend about a new police station at Falmouth, when decisions on the major building programme for 1992–93 have been made early next year.

Chilean Residents

To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many Chilean nationals resident in the United Kingdom have (a) permanent residence, (b) student visas (c) occupational leave and (d) refugee status.

Information is not directly available in the form requested. Annual figures of the number of Chileans accepted for settlement in the United Kingdom, and of the number admitted to the United Kingdom as students, are published each year in "Control of Immigration: Statistics United Kingdom" (most recently in tables 22 and I, respectively, of the 1988 volume, Cm. 726). Annual figures of the number of Chileans granted refugee status in the United Kingdom, or exceptional leave, are published in the Home Office statistical bulletin "Refugee Statistics, United Kingdom" (most recently in tables 7 and 8 of the 1988 volume, Issue 25/89). Copies of both these publications are in the Library.

Jamaican Nationals

To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many Jamaican nationals have (a) been interviewed and (b) refused entry to the United Kingdom for each month since January 1989; and what are the annual figures for each year since 1979.

The available information is given in the table. All Jamaican citizens are interviewed on admission. Figures for those subjected to further examination are not available centrally and could be obtained only at disproportionate cost.

Jamaican citizens admitted to, and refused leave to enter and removed from, the United Kingdom
Year/monthTotal admitted1Total refused leave to enter and removed
197935,00048
198031,00082
198131,00054

Year/month

Total admitted

1

Total refused leave to enter and removed

198230,00063
198330,20060
198428,60044
198529,70069
198630,500131
198731,600269
198830,600424
1989
January2,60075
February1,70079
March2,00082
April2,20071
May2,30059
June3,80065
July4,50075
August3,90055
September3,30072
Octobern.y.a.58

1 The 1989 figures are provisional.

n.y.a. Not yet available.

Pub Bombings

To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many officers of the west midlands serious crime squad have been suspended; how many of these were involved in the preparation of evidence that led to the prosecution of the Birmingham Six; and if he will make a statement.

I understand from the chief constable of the West Midlands that five officers who have previously been members of the serious crime squad are currently suspended from duty, and that none of these was involved in interviewing those convicted of the Birmingham pub bombings.

To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many times, and under what powers, officers of the Metropolitan police have interviewed either Paul Hill or Gerard Conlon since their acquittal on charges arising from the Guildford and Woolwich public house bombings.

I understand from the Commissioner of Police of the Metropolis that Metropolitan police officers have stopped Paul Hill once since his acquittal. The examination was part of routine checks at Heathrow airport under the Prevention of Terrorism (Temporary Provisions) Act 1989.

Civil Defence

To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department whether he has any plans to reduce the level of support currently available to civil defence community volunteers; and if he will make a statement.

The Government maintain their commitment to community volunteers and support such activity through civil defence grant aid, but expenditure incurred by local authorities on volunteer arrangements must be balanced against that on other statutory civil defence functions. It is the aim of a current review of community volunteer schemes to ensure that effective and realistic arrangements are in place.

To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department if he will name the county councils and district councils in England and Wales which do not conform to regulations in respect of emergency control centres in accordance with the Civil Defence (General Local Authority Functions) Regulations 1983.

Statistics in connection with the provision of local authority emergency centres were given in "A report on implementation of the Civil Defence (General Local Authority Functions) Regulations 1983 in England and Wales at October 1988" which was published in January 1989 and a copy of which is in the Library. Advances on the position shown in that report are now being considered in the light of more recent information provided by local authorities.

Broadcasting

To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what representations he has received about the need to ensure that deaf people have access to parliamentary programmes.

We have received representations from right hon. and hon. Members and others on behalf of viewers who are deaf or hard of hearing, requesting subtitling or use of sign language in news, current affairs and parliamentary programmes. The Broadcasting Bill contains provisions to encourage more subtitling in programmes generally.

Police Videos

To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department if he will call for a report from the Commissioner of Police of the Metropolis on the reasons behind the decision to have police video cameras present at Thames magistrates court on 12 September; and as to what use will be made of the video produced.

I understand from the Commissioner that there was considered to have been a significant possibility that a demonstration outside the court on that day would result in disorder. It was decided to video the demonstration to provide contemporaneous evidence to support any prosecutions which might have ensued. In the event the demonstration passed off quietly and it was not necessary to retain the video tape for evidental or any other purposes.

Mr Leroy Russell

To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department if he will call for a report from the Commissioner of Police of the Metropolis on the action being taken by the Metropolitan police at Forest Gate, London E7, to return the £960 belonging to Mr. Leroy Russell of 90 Gwendoline avenue, London E13.

I understand from the Commissioner that this money was seized from Mr. Russell's home by officers of the Metropolitan police following his arrest there on 25 July 1988. The police will retain the money for as long as the matter remains sub-judice.

Police

To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department if he will produce a table showing the average age of police constables by police authority area.

[holding answer 7 December 1989]: The information requested is set out in the table.

Police Authority AreaAverage age, Constable rank as at 31 December 19881
Avon and Somerset33
Bedfordshire32
Cambridgeshire33
Cheshire33
Cleveland33
Cumbria32
Derbyshire33
Devon and Cornwall34
Dorset34
Durham32
Dyfed Powys33
Essex33
Gloucestershire34
Greater Manchester32
Gwent32
Hampshire
Hertfordshire32
Humberside33
Kent33
Lancashire34
Leicestershire32
Lincolnshire34
London, City of33
Merseyside33
Metropolitan Police31
Norfolk35
Northamptonshire32
Northumbria34
North Wales33
North Yorkshire33
Nottinghamshire31
South Wales33
South Yorkshire32
Staffordshire32
Suffolk33
Surrey33
Sussex34
Thames Valley32
Warwickshire35
West Mercia33
West Midlands32
West Yorkshire32
Wiltshire33
1 This is the latest date for which analysis of age and rank is available. An analysis of England and Wales for all ranks can be found in Appendix 12 of HM Chief Inspector of Constabulary's Annual Report 1988, a copy of which can be found in the Library.

Trade And Industry

Mining Engineering

111.

To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry what assistance his Department gives to Britain's mining engineering industry in its efforts to improve its export performance.

The DTI and FCO provide a wide range of information, advice and services to firms involved in exporting from the United Kingdom and these are available to the mining engineering industry where appropriate. The DTI's projects and export policy division provides particular support for British companies bidding for major overseas projects.

Nationalised Industries

To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry what was the total net cost or contribution of the nationalised industries within his responsibility in the period of 1974 to 1979; and what was the net contribution of these industries in the period 1979 to the latest available year, taking account of both corporation tax and receipts from privatisation.

The way in which the expenditure plans and financing requirements of the nationalised industries was recorded changed in 1976–77 when the concept of an external financing requirement was introduced. Before that published figures concentrated on the capital requirements of the industries, whether or not they could be financed from internal resources or required Government or market funding. Figures for the two periods 1974–75 to 1978–79 and 1979–80 to 1987–88 are therefore not available on a comparable basis.The following figures show, for the nationalised industries for which the Secretary of State had responsibility in these periods, outturn capital expenditure for 1974–75 and for later years the net effect on the public expenditure totals, taking account of net privatisation receipts. Corporation tax payments do not affect the public expenditure total. Information on tax paid is available in the published report and accounts of the relevant nationalised industries and has not been included in the following totals.

For 1974–75 and 1975–76 outturn capital expenditure was £2,925 million.
For 1976–77 to 1978–79 the net effect was an addition of £2,616 million to the public expenditure total.
For 1979–80 to 1987–88, the last year for which outturn figures are available, the net effect was an addition of £591 million.

The industries covered by this answer are British Aerospace, British Shipbuilders, British Steel Corporation, Post Office (including Telecommunications and National Girobank until separation), British Telecom and Girobank, the receipts from the sale of shares in British Aerospace and British Telecom are included in the figures, but the sale of shares in British Steel took place after 1987–88.

Sources: White Papers for the Government's public expenditure plans for the period 1975 to 1988, Command numbers 6721–II, 7439, 7841, 8175, 8494, 1 and II, 8789 II, 9143 II, 9428 II, 9702 II, Cm. 56 II, Cm. 288 I, Cm. 605, Cm. 621.

To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry what was the net cost or contribution of the nationalised industries within his responsibility in 1978–79.

The outturn financing requirements of all nationalised industries in 1978–79 were published in the "Government's Expenditure Plans 1980–81 to 1983–84", Cm. 7841, in March 1980. The net effect on the public expenditure totals of the requirements for British Shipbuilders, British Aerospace, British Steel Corporation, and the Post Office (including figures for Telecommunications and Girobank) was an addition of £845 million.

To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry what was the net cost or contribution of those industries within his responsibility which are still nationalised or companies which were state owned in 1988, or the last available year.

The latest available outturn figures for contributions to the public expenditure total for nationalised industries and wholly Government-owned companies within the responsibility of the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry were published in January 1989 in chapters 5 and 21 of "The Government's Expenditure Plans 1989–90 to 1991–92" Cm. 605 and 621. The net effect in 1987–88 of British Shipbuilders, British Steel Corporation, Post Office and Girobank taken together was a reduction of £271 million.

European Patent Office

To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry what efforts he is making to ensure that patent protection obtainable from the European patent office by smaller firms and academic institutions in England and Wales is as comprehensive and effective as that available to other applicants in other parts of the world and particularly the United States of America.

We believe that all applicants, including small firms and academic institutions, can obtain patent protection from the European patent office which is already as comprehensive and effective as that available in other parts of the world including the United States of America. Differences do however exist between the national patent laws of different countries and we are actively involved in international negotations to minimise them.

Accountancy Firms

To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry what contracts, including those relating to privatisations, the Government have awarded since June 1979 to accountancy firms held to be lacking the necessary professional conduct, efficiency and competence by the disciplinary committees of the accountancy profession.

Information on Government contracts with accountancy firms is not collected centrally.

To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry if he will list the firms criticised by the joint disciplinary scheme run by the accountancy bodies; and whether any firms or their successors criticised by the joint disciplinary scheme have subsequently supplied personnel for the joint disciplinary scheme committees hearing allegations of unprofessional conduct by other firms.

I refer the hon. Member to the annual reports of the joint disciplinary scheme, copies of which are in the Library. Membership of the scheme's committees is a matter for its executive committee.

To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry (1) how many seats on the auditing practices committee have been held by individuals from accountancy firms sued by the Government for negligence, criticised by his Department's inspectors in their reports and criticised by the joint disciplinary scheme;(2) whether any accountancy firms reprimanded by the joint disciplinary scheme have subsequently been allowed to have representatives on the accounting standards committee, the auditing practices committee or any of the working parties.

As I explained in the replies I gave on 27 November at column 92–93 and 13 December at column 702 to questions by the hon. Member, membership of the auditing practices committee and the accounting standards committee is a matter for the consultative committee of Accountancy Bodies. Members of working parties are appointed by the relevant committees.

Ecgd

To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry if he is yet in a position to make a statement on the future of the Export Credits Guarantee Department.

Based on the findings of the Kemp review of future status options for ECGD businesses, that the Cardiff-based insurance services (covering exports on short-term credit) and the London-based project group (handling exports of projects for capital goods on medium-term credit) should be split and run as separate organisations, the Government's intention is that insurance services be converted into a company and that private capital should be introduced quickly thereafter. These changes are being made to enable ECGD to take advantage of the opportunities offered by 1992 and to meet the increased competition which will arise. They will also ensure that its intra-Community business is maintained. Equalising the legal and economic framework for credit insurance in Europe, with private sector capital, is a necessary condition for fostering United Kingdom trade within the Community.The company will follow the normal practice of credit insurance companies operating in the commercial market in the use of reinsurance. The Government's aim is that this should be obtained from the private market. However, I recognise that in relation to certain of the political risks currently covered by insurance services there is at present insufficient private market capacity.Thus, in order to maintain facilities for exporters, the Government are prepared to see a transitional period of up to three years from the date of the introduction of private capital during which a reinsurance arrangement will be in place between Her Majesty's Government and the company. During this period the company will work to complete adequate reinsurance arrangements with the private market with the aim of phasing out residual Government reinsurance.When the new company is formed the intention is that staff who transfer to the company should do so on broadly comparable terms to those which they presently enjoy as Crown servants. ECGD staff will be asked whether they wish to remain within the Civil Service, or to transfer to the new company. ECGD will use its best endeavours to meet their wishes where these are consistent with the business needs of ECGD and the company.These changes will require legisation at the earliest opportunity. It is the intention that the new company be established on 1 April 1991. Advisors will be appointed shortly to assist ECGD in carrying out necessary preparatory work.Over the last three years, ECGD's insurance services have introduced major improvements to the range and quality of its services. It has developed a unique underwriting system and rapid credit limit service designed to meet the needs of its customers in the 1990s, particularly in the single European market. The changes I have outlined for the insurance services group are vital to enable it to meet the challenges which will be thrown up by the single European market and so ensure that we develop further what is a significant national asset for our exporters. I am confident that the changes I am proposing are the best way to secure jobs for the future.In relation to ECGD's project group, the Government have decided that export credit and financing support should continue to be provided.The ECGD's project support activities will remain within the Government, but the precise form of ECGD's organisation—whether it should remain a Department or acquire agency status—will be decided as soon as possible.The Government are anxious to reduce the costs which have been associated with ECGD support for project exports in recent years. It will, therefore, continue to press hard internationally, for multilateral agreement aimed at eliminating subsidies which distort export credit and aid. In addition, to reduce the risk of losses in the future, radical new methods for managing ECGD's political risk portfolio will be introduced. Substantial premium increases for project business will be necessary, especially for business in the higher risk markets to ensure that ECGD premiums are better matched to risk. I believe that exporters will accept the need for this and will regard it as preferable to the withdrawal of facilities.The changes I have outlined are essential if ECGD is to be able to maintain and improve the quality of support it currently provides to United Kingdom exporters. The overwhelming majority of the representations which have been made by interested outside parties have fully supported these changes. I commend them to the House.

National Engineering Laboratory

To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry what are his current projections on the expected job losses at the National Engineering Laboratory and the date by which those reductions in staffing will be achieved.

The business plan for NEL and the resources it will need, is being prepared. Current projections are that the laboratory will require about 400 staff in total and the necessary staff reductions will take place during 1990.

To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry (1) if he has received and appraised the projected business plan for the National Engineering Laboratory, East Kilbride; and if he will make a statement;(2) when he proposes to announce his intentions arising from the projected business plan on the future of the National Engineering Laboratory.

I have not yet seen the business plan for the National Engineering Laboratory, but I will see it in due course. The contents of the plan will be commercially confidential and I do not intend to make an announcement about it.

Alcohol Duty

To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry how much (a) excise duty and (b) import duty is levied on a one litre bottle of whisky containing 40 per cent. alcohol imported into the United Kingdom from Japan.

The excise duty levied on a one litre bottle of whisky containing 40 per cent. alcohol imported into the United Kingdom from Japan is £6·31. The import duty is 14p.

Women's Employment Schemes

To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry what submissions he has made to the European Commission, whether via normal interdepartmental channels or directly to the European Commission, to seek continuation of the present level of funding plus allowance for inflation for women's employment and workshop schemes; and what response has been received.

I have nothing to add to the reply given to the same question by my right hon. Friend the Secretary of State for Employment.

National Finance

Civil Service Dispersal

109.

To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what further plans he has for decentralising the Civil Service establishment from London to the regions of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.

As announced by right hon. Friend, the then Paymaster General, on 31 March 1988 (column 610–11), the Government's policy for relocating Civil Service work does not involve targets set by the centre. Departments review the location of their work in accordance with central guidelines, and their Ministers announce their decisions. Since the beginning of 1988, plans to locate or relocate over 14,000 posts away from London and the south-east have been announced, and further announcements are expected in due course.

Civil Service (Privatisation)

110.

To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer if he will ensure that in any future privatisation of parts of the Civil Service, staff will be given the option of transferring and remaining within the Civil Service.

£ billion
1978–791979–801980–811981–821982–831983–84
Cash figures0.50.60.70.91.11.0
Real terms figures (1988–89 prices)1.01.11.21.31.41.3
Corresponding figures for earlier years are not readily available.

Workplace Nurseries

To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what is his policy on the taxation of benefits to employees accruing from the provision of workplace nurseries and creches.

Employees pay income tax on their earnings whether received in cash or in kind. A subsidised place in a workplace nursery or creche is a benefit in kind and any subsidy is a proper subject for tax. The costs to the employer of subsidising workplace nurseries—or otherwise financing childcare for employees—is allowable against corporation tax.

Incomes

To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer whether he will publish in the Official Report an estimate of the increase in real disposable incomes as a result of the separate taxation of husbands and wives at current rates of income, taxation and inflation; and what proportion of the total is expected to accrue to those in the upper and lower quarters and tenths.

The decrease in income tax liabilities in 1990–91 due to the introduction of independent taxation is provisionally estimated to be about £950 million. That would lead to an increase in real disposable income of less than half a per cent. Estimates of its distribution are not available in the form requested, but about a third of the benefit would be to individuals with incomes of less than £5,000 a year.Those estimates make no allowance for possible behavioural effects. The effect of independent taxation on the composite rate of tax on bank and building society interest will be taken into account in the rate set for the year 1991–92.

Department Of Transport (Expenditure)

To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer if he will set out general Government expenditure by the Department of Transport for the years 1974–75 to 1983–84, in cash and real terms, consistent with the figures for 1984–85 to 1992–93 that are set out in tables 3 and 4 of the 1989 Autumn Statement.

Tables 3 and 4 of the 1989 Autumn Statement public expenditure press notice set out figures for central Government's own expenditure, by Department. Figures for central Government's own expenditure by the Department of Transport in the years 1978–79 to 1983–84 consistent with those given in the 1989 Autumn Statement are as follows:

To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer whether he will now review the policies of taxation in relation to benefits to employees from the provision of workplace nurseries and other child care facilities by employers.

I refer my right hon. Friend to the reply that my hon. Friend the Financial Secretary gave to the hon. Member for Norwood (Mr. Fraser) on 3 November at column 361.

Exchange Rate Mechanism

To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what are the components of the trade weighted index for pound sterling's exchange value; and what precentage of the weighting is accounted for by currencies linked to the exchange rate mechanism.

I refer the hon. Member to the "Economic Progress Report" for December 1988, published by her Majesty's Treasury, copies of which have been placed in the Library. Of those countries represented in the index, Germany, France, Belgium, the Netherlands, the Republic of Ireland, Spain and Denmark participate in the exchange rate mechanism.

Civil Service

To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer how many civil servants are in post at the current time; what the figure was 10 years ago; what was the average pay of a civil servant in 1979 and what it is at the present time; what are the figures in real terms; and if he will make a statement.

There were 567,073 civil servants in post on 1 July 1989 compared with 732,275 on 1 April 1979. The average pay of a civil servant, taken as the pay of an administrative officer—the grade with by far the largest number of staff in post—at the top of the scale was £3,627 in April 1979 and £8,305 in October 1989; that represents an increase of 129 per cent. or, after adjusting for inflation, a real increase of 14 per cent.

Capital Account

To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer how much of the financing of the capital account is made up of (a) the sale of United Kingdom businesses to organisations based abroad and (b) other categories, for the latest year for which figures are available.

The value of acquisitions by overseas companies in 1988 financed from overseas shown in "British Business" (19 September 1989, page 20, table 5), is a substantial part of the figures of direct investment by overseas residents within the total capital transactions account shown in table 8.1 of the "UK Balance of Payments", 1989 edition (the CSO Pink Book). Copies of those publications are in the Library.

Medical Insurance

To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what steps he is taking to hasten the implementation of the provision of the Finance Act to introduce a tax allowance to help elderly subscribers to medical insurance; and what representations he has received from insurance companies expressing concern about their ability to meet customers' demands for tax relief to take effect from 6 April 1990.

The Inland Revenue has been consulting the private medical insurers on draft regulations to ensure a smooth introduction of the relief. I understand that all the major insurers are planning to offer contracts by 6 April 1990 that will meet the requirements for the relief.

Departmental Funding

To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer if he has any plans to limit (a) the total sum or (b) the proportion of the sums originally voted which may be carried forward by a Deaprtment from one financial year to another as a result of (i) capital or (ii) running costs underspends; and if he will make a statement.

The end-year flexibility scheme for central Government capital expenditure enables Departments to carry forward underspends of up to 5 per cent. of their eligible provision plus any carryover entitlement from the previous year not taken up in a Supplementary Estimate, or £2 million—whichever is the greater. The end-year flexibility scheme for running costs enables qualifying Departments to carry forward underspends of up to ·5 per cent. of their eligible running costs provision or £50,000—whichever is the greater.

Customs And Excise

To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what steps Her Majesty's Customs and Excise are taking to acquire additional information technology skills from the private sector.

Following a procurement exercise involving 12 potential suppliers and a very thorough evaluation of proposals, HM Customs and Excise has, with the assistance of the Central Computer and Telecommunications Agency, selected Logica Communications and Electronic Systems Limited, to provide staff to assist with the maintenance and enhancement of existing IT systems and the development of new projects, and BIS Applied Systems Limited, to assist in the area of project management and control.The first project to benefit from those arrangements will be VAT II, which has been set up to develop a replacement for the existing VAT system initially implemented in 1973.

Exchange Rate

To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what effect the non-publication of forecasts of overseas sector capital flows has on the process of making projections, in the Autumn Statement or elsewhere, of the future exchange rate.

[holding answer 12 December 1989]: Although forecasts of overseas capital flows are not published, the Treasury does look carefully at the capital account as part of the detailed figuring underlying the published forecast.

Endangered Species

To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what are the implications for the enforcement of regulations concerning the wildlife trade and the implementation of CITES of the effect on specialist skills, including intelligence gathering and criminal identification, resulting from the proposed move of the Customs and Excise endangered species branch from London to Southend.

[holding answer 13 December 1989]: There is no reason to suppose that the proposed relocation from London to Southend of the small group of Customs and Excise headquarters staff dealing with import and export controls on endangered species will have any significant effect on the level of enforcement.

British Aerospace

To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer whether the exchange of letters with British Aerospace was made available by the Inland Revenue to Touche Ross when it acted for the National Audit Office.

[holding answer 14 December 1989]: The National Audit Office did not ask the Inland Revenue to make available any papers.

Ivory

35.

To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer if he will make it his policy to destroy publicly all ivory stocks seized by Her Majesty's Customs and Excise.

[holding answer 14 December 1989]: No. I do not think that it would be sensible to commit Customs to a policy of invariably destroying, whether in public or not, all ivory seized by it as illegally imported. I shall, however, ensure that it continues to dispose of all such goods in a manner acceptable to me and to my right hon. Friend the Secretary of State for the Environment, who has overall responsibility for endangered species policy in the United Kingdom. Certainly, none will be disposed of in a way that offends current conservation principles.

Nationalised Industries

To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer if he will name each of the chairmen of the nationalised industries; and if he will give details of salaries and other remunerations applicable to each.

[pursuant to his reply 7 December 1989, columns 311–12]: I regret that there were errors in the table of my earlier reply. The correct information requested is set out in the following table.

ChairmanNationalised IndustrySalary1£
Sir Robert HaslamBritish Coal160,000
Sir Robert ReidBritish Railways Board90,950
Mr. C. CampbellBritish Shipbuilders21,675
Mr. D. IngmanBritish Waterways Board33,700
Mr. C. TugendhatCivil Aviation Authority60,000
Sir Philip JonesElectricity Council94,380
Lord MarshallCentral Electricity Generating Board111,000
Mr. J. C. SmithEastern Electricity Board57,390
Mr. J. F. HarrisEast Midlands Electricity Board57,390
Mr. J. J. WilsonLondon Electricity Board57,390
Mr. B. H. WestonMerseyside and North Wales Electricity Board57,390
Mr. B. S. TownsendMidlands Electricity Board57,390
Mr. D. MorrisNorth Eastern Electricity Board80,000
Mr. K. HarveyNorth Western Electricity Board49,005
Mr. G. A. SquairSouth Eastern Electricity Board57,390
Mr. D. A. RossSouthern Electricity Board57,390
Mr. J. W. EvansSouth Wales Electricity Board57,390
Mr. A. W. NicolSouth Western Electricity Board57,390
Mr. J. PorteousYorkshire Electricity Board57,390
Mr. W. NewtonLondon Regional Transport80,000
Mr. M. JoughinNorth of Scotland Hydro Electric Board39,750
Sir Bryan NicholsonPost Office102,000
Mr. I. S. IrwinScottish Transport Group59,825
Mr. D. J. MillerSouth of Scotland Electricity Board66,900
Mr. B. HendersonAnglian Water Plc243,860
Sir Michael StrakerNorthumbrian Water Group Plc230,638
Mr. W. GroveNorth West Water Group Plc261,275
Mr. J. BellakSevern Trent Plc249,020
Mr. W. CourtneySouthern Water Plc243,860
Mr. K. CourtSouth West Water Plc251,063
Mr. R. WattsThames Water Plc249,020
Mr. J. JonesWelsh Water Plc243,860
Mr. W. HoodWessex Water Plc240,850
Mr. G. JonesYorkshire Water Plc254,825

1 Actual salaries. Some Chairmen are part-time.

2 The 10 Water Authorities were vested as Companies Act companies owned by Government on 1 September, and privatised on 12 December.

Chairmen are also eligible for performance bonus schemes with a maximum limit of 25 per cent. of salary.

Agriculture, Fisheries And Food

Microwave Ovens

To ask the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food if he will take steps to encourage retailers to provide an inquiry and advisory service to purchasers of microwave ovens in the light of his Department's recent report; and if he will make a statement.

We have encouraged the Retail Consortium to ensure that its members stock the updated instructions for the safe use of domestic microwave ovens issued by oven manufacturers.

Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy

To ask the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food whether he has recorded any incidence of bovine spongiform encephalopathy in cattle born since animal proteins were withdrawn from cattle rations.

To ask the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food how many cattle his Ministry is currently monitoring to assess the possible vertical transmission of bovine spongiform encephalopathy; what the parameters are of this research; and if he will make a statement on progress of the research to date.

Three hundred and thirty progeny of BSE-affected dams and the same number of control animals are being monitored on three of the Ministry's experimental husbandry farms. The study is designed to determine whether maternal transmission occurs either in utero and/or in the immediate period after birth and, if so, at what incidence. The animals will be maintained on experimental husbandry farms until seven years of age unless death or the need to cull intervenes. The brains of all animals will be examined histopathologically and all carcases will be destroyed. Because of the long incubation period for this disease, results will not be forthcoming for some time.

Casualty Animals

To ask the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food if he has any plans to encourage the development of on-farm slaughter facilities for casualty animals.

The legislation already permits on-farm slaughter of casualty animals. It is an offence to transport casualties if by reason of their unfitness it will cause them unnecessary suffering.

Dairy Herd

To ask the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food what action he is taking to reduce the incidence of campylobacter and leptospira infection in the national dairy herd.

There are no statutory or voluntary measures relating to campylobacter in cattle. However, the veterinary investigation service will, on request, provide assistance in diagnosis.A chargeable voluntary component in the cattle health scheme provides herds infected with leptospira hardjo with a programme to control or eliminate infection.

Antibiotics

To ask the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food what information he has concerning the use of quinolone antibiotics as prophylactics.

Products containing quinolone are not licensed in the United Kingdom for prophylactic purposes.

Animals And Birds (Imports)

To ask the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food what checks on the import of live animals and birds will be available after 1992.

It is intended that those from non-EC countries will be imported only via approved frontier inspection posts, for both animal health and welfare purposes. The European Commission has yet to make any proposals to the Council for animal health controls on intra-Community trade in live animals and birds after 1992. The Commission has submitted proposals on the protection of animals during transport but negotiations on these has yet to begin.

To ask the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food what figures are easily available regarding the importation of both pet birds and captive birds for 1988; and how many birds in each category (a) were dead on arrival and (b) died in quarantine.

Figures have been compiled for the numbers of commercially imported birds arriving at approved quarantine premises during 1988. These will be available very shortly and will include mortalities both on arrival and during the statutory quarantine period.

Voluntary Organisations

To ask the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food which voluntary organisations received grants from his Department for each year since 1986; and for what purposes these were given.

Since 1986 the following voluntary organisations have received grants from my Department for the purposes shown:

  • (i) National Proficiency Tests Council—to enable the Council to devise, promote and maintain standards of proficiency tests in agriculture and horticulture in England and Wales.
  • (ii) The National Federation of Young Farmers' Clubs—to help towards the cost of the Federation's activities in agricultural education.
  • (iii) Farming and Wildlife Trust—to make provision for the conservation and enhancement of the natural beauty of the countryside.
  • (iv) Society for the Responsible Use of Resources in Agriculture and on the Land (RURAL)—to promote exchanges of views through the organisation of conferences in all aspects of rural land use and the use of resources in agriculture.
  • (v) The Countryside Commission for "Operation Silvanus"—to promote the better management of existing woodlands on farms.
  • (vi) British Trout Association—to promote exports of United Kingdom farmed trout products to targeted third countries.
  • Lead-Contaminated Feed

    To ask the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food what action he proposes to assist livestock producers whose cattle have been cleared following tests for lead-contaminated feed but are unable to obtain slaughtering facilities for their fat cattle; and if he will make a statement.

    In all our discussions with the industry on this incident, we have repeatedly assured all concerned that meat derived from animals cleared for slaughter conforms to the rigorous standards laid down by the Department of Health and is perfectly fit for human consumption.We are urgently carrying out scientific work to see whether the restrictions currently attaching to the slaughter of such animals can be eased without risk to public health. I shall ease the restrictions just as soon as it is shown to be safe to do so.

    Sellafield

    To ask the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food whether he will amend the statutory environmental monitoring programme of the Sellafield reprocessing plant as a condition of its authorisation, to require British Nuclear Fuels Limited to take and analyse samples and carry out external exposure rate measurements on the four-mile intertidal stretch of the River Esk in Cumbria and publish the results; and if he will make a statement.

    BNFL's statutory environmental monitoring programme already includes gamma dose rate measurements at Hall Waberthwaite in the intertidal stretch of the Esk. It also includes ground level river bank monitoring in the area. The results are submitted to the Ministry and to the Department of the Environment and BNFL publishes an annual report. The Ministry is not aware of any factors which would justify amendment of the programme in this area. However, the programe is continually under review.

    To ask the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food (1) whether he has assessed the public radiation exposure of people who live close to the four-mile intertidal stretch of the River Esk in Cumbria; and if he will make a statement;(2) whether he will undertake a detailed radiological assessment of public exposure to radioactivity in the four-mile intertidal stretch of the River Esk in Cumbria, and if he will make a statement.

    The River Esk has been monitored closely for more than 20 years. The Ministry carefully studies the time spent by people close to the Esk and we have found that the length of time people spend regularly there is very small. We have recently completed a new survey and the report on that work is being prepared for publication.Our routine monitoring includes a number of locations where regular measurements of external dose rates are carried out. These are locations which are representative of the highest levels of external exposure which are likely to result from public occupancy of intertidal areas. Our report for 1988 records measurements at 11 locations in the Ravenglass estuary (which includes the Esk) and most locations were monitored monthly. For the Esk six locations were monitored. Detailed statistics of this monitoring including estimates of public radiation exposures at these locations are published annually.

    To ask the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food if he will list the dates when his Ministry has reassessed habit surveys of members of the public around the Sellafield reprocessing plant in the past 10 years.

    Habit surveys in respect of discharges from Sellafield have been carried out in each of the last 10 years except for 1980.

    Agricultural Training

    To ask the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food whether the review of agricultural training announced by his predecessor on 20 March is now complete; and if he will make a statement.

    When my predecessor and his fellow Agriculture Ministers appointed Mr. John E. Smith as chairman of the agricultural training board in March this year and at the same time asked him to undertake a review of agricultural training, the scale and complexity of his task was widely realised. That Mr. Smith has completed this review within the very tight time scale allowed is a real reflection of the commitment with which he has approached the job.On behalf of my fellow Agriculture Ministers, I should like to pay tribute to Mr. Smith for the expeditious and thorough way in which he has conducted his review, for the breadth of the consultations that he has undertaken in such a short space of time and, above all, for the clarity and incisiveness of his report and of his recommendations. I am arranging for the report to he published straight away and for a copy to be placed in the Library of the House.In his terms of reference Mr. Smith was called on to report to Agriculture Ministers and, on their behalf, I have informed Mr. Smith that he can go ahead with the relocation of the board's headquarters from West Wickham in Kent to the national agricultural centre at Stoneleigh in Warwickshire and put in hand the new countrywide structures based on 14 local agricultural training boards in England and Scottish and Welsh training boards. Through this restructuring the Government will be looking for a greater contribution from the industry to the board's costs and I therefore welcome Mr. Smith's own recognition of the industry's responsibilities in this respect.As other recommendations in the report touch on interests of other colleagues and have longer-term implications, the Secretaries of State for Wales and for Scotland and I will, in conjunction with the Secretaries of State for Education and Science, for Employment and for the Environment, and the Chief Secretary to the Treasury, be giving detailed consideration to those proposals.

    Plant Breeding Institute

    To ask the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food whether, in the past 10 years, he or his predecessors, either by direction or informally, secured changes in the accounting conventions followed by the Plant Breeding Institute; and if he will make a statement.

    I have been asked to reply.The Plant Breeding Institute was a registered charity and a grant-aided institute of the Agricultural and Food Research Council (AFRC). In 1987 its plant breeding assets were sold, and the remainder of the institute then became part of the AFRC Institute of Plant Science Research (IPSR), also a registered charity. The council's accounting convention follows Treasury rules for Government accounting, revised from time to time, which are in the public domain. The IPSR charity now finances its activities from the proceeds of the 1987 sale of assets. Although it no longer receives grant-in-aid from the AFRC, its activities are managed in line with AFRC's financial plans by virture of a memorandum of understanding established between the AFRC and the IPSR.

    Education And Science

    School Repairs

    To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science if he will make a statement on the amount of money that is needed to fully repair all the schools in England and Wales.

    Judgments about what constitutes "full repair" vary. The 1987 report of the DES survey of school buildings estimated that the cost of implementing the main structural requirements related to the Education (School Premises) Regulations 1981 and the other physical requirements in primary and secondary schools in England was about £1·1 billion (although this estimate is subject to sampling error). Since then substantial sums, both capital and current, have been, and continue to be, devoted to improving school premises. The repair of schools in Wales is a matter for my right hon. Friend the Secretary of State for Wales.

    Vocational Degrees

    To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science what progress has been made towards increasing vocational degree places at universities and polytechnics.

    There is no standard definition of the term "vocational" as applied to degree courses. Many courses have at least some vocational element. Between 1979 and 1987 (the latest year for which figures are available) the number of degrees awarded annually by universities and the Council for National Academic Awards increased by about a quarter, from 101,600 to 127,100. I expect the proportion with a vocational element to have followed broadly the same trend.

    Student Unions

    To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science if he will list the Government grant allocations to student unions for universities and polytechnics by polytechnic and university; and if he will make a statement.

    It is for universities and polytechnics to determine the level of their grants to their student unions. The Government do not make specific allocations for this purpose.

    Hyperkinesis

    To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science what information and guidelines his Department provides to local education authorities to ensure that head teachers are fully aware of the hyperkinesis condition; and if he will make a statement.

    No guidance has been issued to local education authorities about hyperkinesis.

    Further Education (Salaries)

    To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science if he will give figures for the average salaries of further education college lecturers for each of the last 10 years, expressing each annual increase in percentage terms (a) in relation to the rise in the retail price index and (b) in relation to the rise in average non-manual earnings; and how many further education college lecturers have resigned in each of the last 10 years.

    The average salaries of further education college lecturers on 31 March of each of the last 10 years are given in the table, together with the annual increases in each year relative to the retail prices index and average non-manual earnings.

    Average salaries of full-lime lecturers1in colleges of further education (excluding PCFC institutions), England and Wales
    Average SalaryAnnual Percentage Increase
    Relative to the RPIRelative to average non-manual earnings
    Year ending 31 March£Per cent.Per cent.
    19796,207
    19807,4619·27·6
    19819,3663·10·2
    198210,111-3·6-6·6
    198310,681-3·4-3·2
    198411,2291·1-3·7
    19851,8560·4-2·4
    198612,7440·50·3
    198713,5723·3-2·1
    1 Includes all academic staff on grades up to and including Principal.
    Actual average salaries for 31 March 1988 and 1989 are not yet available. Lecturers' pay was increased on a staged basis over the period April 1987 to April 1989. The percentage increases in each of the two years relative to the RPI and average non-manual earnings are as follows:

    Year ending 31 MarchActualRelative to the RPIRelative to average non-manual earnings
    Per cent.Per cent.Per cent.
    1987–8810·36·11·9
    1988–896·.00·0-4·3
    The level of salary increase to be awarded to lecturers in 1989–90 has not yet been settled.The Department does not collect information specifically on resignations. The table sets out the numbers, in percentage terms, of lecturers leaving full-time service in each of the last ten years.

    Annual percentage of lecturers in colleges of further education (excluding PCFC institutions) leaving full-time service in the maintained further or higher education sector in England and Wales

    Year ending 31 March

    Further education colleges excluding PCFC institutions

    Per cent.

    19796·0
    19805·8
    19815·6
    19825·4
    19835·5
    19846·0
    19856·8
    19866·5
    19877·0

    Note: The figures for 1979–85 include lecturers at non polytechnic institutions in the PCFC sector.

    These figures include retirements and movement from full-time to part-time service. In a survey by the employers' organisation, LACSAB, of turnover and wastage in further education in the academic year 1987–88, losses to employment outside the sector amounted to 2·4 per cent. of employment.

    Grants

    To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science if he will provide estimates of the costs and savings, as per annex E of the White Paper, in respect of (a) net change in grant, (b) net change in benefits, (c) gross loan outlay, (d) loan repayments and (e) public sector borrowing requirement effect for each of the years from 1990 to 2027, as in annex E of Cmd. 520, on the basis that a 30 per cent. age participation rate is attained by 2015, showing the effects of (i) 80 per cent. take-up, (ii) 90 per cent. take-up and (iii) 100 per cent. take-up.

    The Department does not currently project student numbers in higher education beyond the turn of the century.The following tables show annex E revised to take account of the increase in student numbers since Cm. 520 was published. The tables show the effect of take-up rates of 80 and 100 per cent., and of inflation at 3, 5 and 8 per cent.

    Table (i)
    Top-up loans costings
    Revised student number projections
    Costs and saving—3 per cent. inflation—80 per cent. take-up
    United Kingdom(£ million, 1990 prices)
    YearChange in grantChange in benefitsLoan outlayLoan repaymentsPSBR effect
    19900-681780110
    1991-24-692142118
    1992-46-7024310118
    1993-66-6926923110
    1994-86-692944396
    1995-105-693186877
    1996-126-693479359
    1997-149-7238411548
    1998-174-7542613442
    1999-199-7746415039
    2000-221-7849716335
    2001-240-7852218122

    Year

    Change in grant

    Change in benefits

    Loan outlay

    Loan repayments

    PSBR effect

    2002-258-785452063
    2003-275-78568225-11
    2004-292-78591240-19
    2005-309-78613251-26
    2006-325-78634260-29
    2007-340-78654264-29
    2008-358-78669278-45
    2009-358-78669303-70
    2010-358-78669333-100
    2011-358-78669358-125
    2012-358-78669379-146
    2013-358-78669401-168
    2014-358-78669420-187
    2015-358-78669436-203
    2016-358-78669449-216
    2017-358-78669461-227
    2018-358-78669470-237
    2019-358-78669477-244
    2020-358-78669484-251
    2021-358-78669492-258
    2022-358-78669499-266
    2023-358-78669503-270
    2024-358-78669505-272
    2025-358-78669507-274
    2026-358-78669509-275
    2027-358-78669510-276

    Table (ii)

    Top-up loans costings

    Revised student number projections

    Costs and saving 3 per cent. inflation 100 per cent. take-up

    United Kingdom

    (£ million, 1990 prices)

    Year

    Change in grant

    Change in benefits

    Loan outlay

    Loan repayments

    PSBR effect

    19900-682220155
    1991-24-692673170
    1992-46-7030412176
    1993-66-6933629172
    1994-86-6936753159
    1995-105-6939885139
    1996-126-69434116123
    1997-149-72480144115
    1998-174-75532168115
    1999-199-77581187117
    2000-221-78621204118
    2001-240-78652226108
    2002-258-7868225788
    2003-275-7871128275
    2004-292-7873929968
    2005-309-7876631465
    2006-325-7879232564
    2007-340-7881833169
    2008-358-7883634753
    2009-358-7883637921
    2010-358-78836416-16
    2011-358-78836448-48
    2012-358-78836474-73
    2013-358-78836501-101
    2014-358-78836525-124
    2015-358-78836545-144
    2016-358-78836561-161
    2017-358-78836576-175
    2018-358-78836588-187
    2019-358-78836596-196
    2020-358-78836605-205
    2021-358-78836615-214
    2022-358-78836623-223
    2023-358-78836629-229
    2024-358-78836632-231
    2025-358-78836634-233
    2026-358-78836636-235
    2027-358-78836637-237

    Table (iii)

    Top-up loans costings

    Revised student number projections

    Costs and saving 5 per cent. inflation 80 per cent. take-up

    United Kingdom

    (£ million, 1990 prices)

    Year

    Change in grant

    Change in benefits

    Loan outlay

    Loan repayments

    PSBR effect

    19900-681780110
    1991-24-692142118
    1992-60-7026110122
    1993-93-6930423119
    1994-124-6934344107
    1995-153-693817189
    1996-184-694249972
    1997-218-7247512561
    1998-256-7553314954
    1999-291-7758617048
    2000-323-7863118941
    2001-348-7866421425
    2002-359-78669246-14
    2003-359-78669273-41
    2004-359-78669293-61
    2005-359-78669308-76
    2006-359-78669318-86
    2007-359-78669322-90
    2008-359-78669334-102
    2009-359-78669360-128
    2010-359-78669390-158
    2011-359-78669413-181
    2012-359-78669429-197
    2013-359-78669446-214
    2014-359-78669459-227
    2015-359-78669469-237
    2016-359-78669476-244
    2017-359-78669483-251
    2018-359-78669488-256
    2019-359-78669491-259
    2020-359-78669496-264
    2021-359-78669502-270
    2022-359-78669508-276
    2023-359-78669511-279
    2024-359-78669512-280
    2025-359-78669512-280
    2026-359-78669512-280
    2027-359-78669512-280

    Table (iv)

    Top-up loans costings

    Revised student number projections

    Costs and saving 5 per cent. inflation 100 per cent. take-up

    United Kingdom

    (£ million, 1990 prices)

    Year

    Change in grant

    Change in benefits

    Loan outlay

    Loan repayments

    PSBR effect

    19900-662220155
    1991-24-692673170
    1992-60-7032712185
    1993-93-6937929189
    1994-124-6942955182
    1995-153-6947789167
    1996-184-69530124153
    1997-218-72594156148
    1998-256-75666186150
    1999-291-77733212152
    2000-323-78783236152
    2001-348-78831267137
    2002-359-7883630891
    2003-359-7883634158
    2004-359-7883636633
    2005-359-7883638514
    2006-359-788363991
    2007-359-78836402-3
    2008-359-78836419-19
    2009-359-78836450-51
    2010-359-78836487-88
    2011-359-78836516-117

    Year

    Change in grant

    Change in benefits

    Loan outlay

    Loan repayments

    PSBR effect

    2012-359-78836537-137
    2013-359-78836558-159
    2014-359-78836574-175
    2015-359-78836586-187
    2016-359-78836595-196
    2017-359-78836604-205
    2018-359-78836610-211
    2019-359-78836614-215
    2020-359-78836619-220
    2021-359-78836627-228
    2022-359-78836635-235
    2023-359-78836639-240
    2024-359-78836639-240
    2025-359-78836640-241
    2026-359-78836640-241
    2027-359-78836640-241

    Table (v)

    Top-up loans costings

    Revised student number projections

    Costs and saving 8 per cent. inflation 80 per cent. take-up

    United Kingdom

    (£ million, 1990 prices)

    Year

    Change in grant

    Change in benefits

    Loan outlay

    Loan repayments

    PSBR effect

    19900-681780110
    1991-24-692142118
    1992-79-7028710129
    1993-129-6935223130
    1994-175-6941145122
    1995-217-6946675105
    1996-260-6952510788
    1997-306-7259213975
    1998-343-7563916953
    1999-353-7765919632
    2000-359-7866922210
    2001-359-78669252-20
    2002-359-78669291-88
    2003-359-78669320-88
    2004-359-78669339-107
    2005-359-78669350-119
    2006-359-78669355-123
    2007-359-78669351-119
    2008-359-78669357-125
    2009-359-78669379-148
    2010-359-78669406-175
    2011-359-78669426-195
    2012-359-78669439-208
    2013-359-78669454-223
    2014-359-78669466-234
    2015-359-78669474-243
    2016-359-78669481-249
    2017-359-78669487-255
    2018-359-78669491-259
    2019-359-78669493-261
    2020-359-78669497-265
    2021-359-78669503-271
    2022-359-78669509-277
    2023-359-78669512-280
    2024-359-78669512-280
    2025-359-78669512-280
    2026-359-78669512-280
    2027-359-78669512-280

    Table (vi)

    Top-up loans costings

    Revised student number projections

    Costs and saving 8 per cent. inflation 100 per cent. take-up

    United Kingdom

    (£ million, 1990 prices)

    Year

    Change in grant

    Change in benefits

    Loan outlay

    Loan repayments

    PSBR effect

    19900-682220155
    1991-24-692673170
    1992-79-7035912198
    1993-129-6944029212
    1994-175-6951357213
    1995-217-6958294203
    1996-260-69656134192
    1997-306-72740173189
    1998-343-75798211170
    1999-353-77823245147
    2000-359-78836277122
    2001-359-7883631584
    2002-359-7883636336
    2003-359-78836400-1
    2004-359-78836423-24
    2005-359-78836438-39
    2006-359-78836443-44
    2007-359-78836438-39
    2008-359-78836447-47
    2009-359-78836474-75
    2010-359-78836508-109
    2011-359-78836533-134
    2012-359-78836549-150
    2013-359-78836568-169
    2014-359-78836582-183
    2015-359-78836593-194
    2016-359-78836601-202
    2017-359-78836608-209
    2018-359-78836613-214
    2019-359-78836616-217
    2020-359-78836621-222
    2021-359-78836629-229
    2022-359-78836636-237
    2023-359-78836640-241
    2024-359-78836640-241
    2025-359-78836640-241
    2026-359-78836640-241
    2027-359-78836640-241

    Student Maintenance Award

    To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science what level of net student maintenance award was paid to mature students aged 50 years and over in each year since 1979–80; and what is to be the estimated level for each year up to 2007–08, at 1988–89 prices.

    Mandatory award-holders aged 50 years or over qualify for the main rates of grant appropriate to the location in which they study and may also be eligible for supplementary allowances paid to older students and students with dependants. Data on average net awards paid to this category of student are not collected separately. Nor are the projections for grant levels following the introduction of the top-up loan scheme disaggregated for this category.

    Higher Education (Student Numbers)

    To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science what would be the numbers of students in higher education for each year from 1990 to 2017 if steady progress to the attainment of 30 per cent. age participation were maintained between 1990 and 2015.

    Our latest projection indicates full-time equivalent student numbers rising from about 760,000 in 1988 to about 820,000 in 1992. Numbers are then expected to level off until 1995 as a result of the substantial decline in the relevant age group before rising again to about 890,000 by the end of the century. These totals projected are formed in part by age participation indices for young home initial entrants to higher education of 15, 19 and 23 per cent. for 1988, 1992 and 2000 respectively. Student numbers in higher education have not been projected beyond the turn of the century.

    Student Loans

    To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science what arrangements for repayment of loans under the proposed student loan scheme are to apply in the case of graduates no longer resident in the United Kingdom.

    Graduates living overseas will enjoy the same terms as those resident in the United Kingdom. Arrangements will be made for the recovery of outstanding payments from such students. It will be in the interests of all borrowers to repay their loans.

    Disabled Students

    To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science whether he will consult disability organisations on the review of discretionary payments to disabled students.

    Yes. In addition to my meetings with the all-party disablement group on 28 November and with a group of Members of this House on 9 November, meetings have been arranged between officials of the Department of Education and Science and representative groups.

    To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science whether his Department monitors the administration of the disabled students allowance; and if he will make a statement.

    Mr. Jackso