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Volume 167: debated on Monday 12 February 1990

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To ask the Secretary of State for Social Security what was the total number of persons dependent on both social security and housing rebates in 1979–80 and 1989–90 and the forecast for 1990–91.

Information is not available in the precise form requested, since claimants may receive more than one benefit at any one time, and may also receive benefit for one or more dependants. Broad-based survey data suggest, however, that in 1979, and also in 1987, the latest year for which such estimates are available, the social security system contributed to the incomes or family incomes of around 38 million people. For 1989–90 and 1990–91 figures for the estimated average number of people receiving individual benefits, including housing benefit, are shown in the table:

Estimated numbers receiving social security benefits at any one time1 2
Retirement pension8,6809,8259,940
Widows' benefits490370360
Unemployment benefit550415455
Sickness benefit490105105
Invalidity benefit6201,1851,265
Industrial disablement benefit200340355
Industrial death benefit303025
Maternity allowance1151515
Non-contributory retirement pension553535
War pension370255250
Attendance allowance285796880
Invalid care allowance5110130
Severe disablement allowance265270
Non-contributory invalidity pension165
Mobility allowance140615655
Income support4,0754,100
Supplementary benefit32,920
Child benefit413,33012,14012,155
Family credit315325
Family income supplement80
Housing benefit5
rent rebate1,2053,1153,120
rent allowance2201,0401,050
rate rebate3,0654,480
Community charge benefit/rebate9307,895

1 Source: Public Expenditure White Papers 1984 and 1990.

2 Beneficiaries may be receiving more than one benefit at any one time.

3 Includes housing benefit supplement recipients who are also included in the figures for housing benefit recipients.

4 Numbers of children in families receiving child benefit, including those also receiving one parent benefit.

5 There is a significant overlap: most households getting help with rent also receive a rate rebate.

6 Forecast.