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Foreign Aid

Volume 167: debated on Monday 12 February 1990

The text on this page has been created from Hansard archive content, it may contain typographical errors.

To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs further to his answer in the Official Report, 31 January, column 190, what funds are included under the heading United Kingdom gross bilateral aid.

Gross bilateral aid comprises financial and technical co-operation provided to recipient countries on a government-to-government basis for agreed projects and programmes, investments by the Commonwealth Development Corporation, support for British institutions concerned with overseas development, including support for the voluntary agencies working overseas, food aid and humanitarian assistance, and aid debt relief.

To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs if he will publish in the Official Report a table showing for the last five years (a) the flows of aid from the United Kingdom to (i) Argentina, (ii) Brazil, (iii) Colombia, (iv) El Salvador, (v) Mexico, (vi) Nicaragua, (vii) Panama and (viii) all remaining South American nations and (b) the proportions in each case of this aid tied to trade deals involving United Kingdom companies.

The answer is as follows:

Gross bilateral aid 1984–1988
£ thousand
Of which ATPATP as per cent.
LATIN AMERICA
1984
Bolivia1,182
Brazil7,7806,27980·71
Chile257
Colombia46051·03
Costa Rica1,666
Cuba
Dominican Republic61
Ecuador916
El Salvador205
Guatemala
Haiti8
Honduras3,446
Mexico517
Nicaragua9
Panama49
Paraguay2071256008
Peru476183·81
Uruguay14
Venezuela
Total17,2556,42737·25
1985
Bolivia1,421
Brazil4,0143,41785·13
Chile334
Colombia83814817·17
Costa Rica12,685
Cuba
Dominican Republic24
Ecuador909
El Salvador103
Guatemala
Haiti3
Honduras3,653
Mexico773
Nicaragua116
Panama67
Paraguay51
Peru92814815·95
Uruguay7
Venezuela1
Total25,9263,71314·17
1986
Bolivia1,953
Brazil88021324·26
Chile373

Of which ATP

ATP as per cent.

Colombia1,01850·45
Costa Rica10,038
Cuba
Dominican Republic42
Ecuador836
El Salvador239
Guatemala10
Haiti331
Honduras1,258
Mexico803
Nicaragua86
Panama70
Paraguay221
Peru1,21423519·40
Uruguay13
Venezuela10
Total19,3954532·34
1987
Bolivia1,748
Brazil766
Chile261
Colombia762
Costa Rica2,772
Cuba
Dominican Republic34
Ecuador2,560
El Salvador411
Guatemala1
Haiti7
Honduras811
Mexico630
Nicaragua
Panama72
Paraguay277
Peru1,012858·36
Uruguay38
Venezuela24
Total12,186850·70
1988
Bolivia2,953
Brazil1,443
Chile306
Colombia1,82243423·80
Costa Rica1,550
Cuba2
Dominican Republic114
Ecuador1,515
El Salvador154
Guatemala4
Haiti9
Honduras1,212
Mexico1,249
Nicaragua180
Panama98885486·48
Paraguay497
Peru1,363
Uruguay18
Venezuela10
Total15,3901,2888·37

To ask the Secretry of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs if he will publish in the Official Report a table showing for the last five years (a) the flows of aid from the United Kingdom to (i) Algeria, (ii) Chad, (iii) Egypt, (iv) Nigeria, (v) Sudan and (vi) all remaining north and western African nations, listing those classified under this grouping and (b) the proportions in each case of this aid tied to trade deals involving United Kingdom companies.

The answer is as follows:

Gross bilateral aid 1984–1988
of which
ATPATP as percentage
1984
West and North Africa and Mediterranean
Algeria14
Benin166
Burkina Faso120
Cameroon5,605
Cape Verdi Islands16
Central African Republic29
Chad31
Cyprus368
Egypt15,4042,48316·12
Equatorial Guinea14
Gabon5
Gambia3,638
Ghana3,765
Greece
Guinea89
Guinea-Bissau16
Israel
Ivory Coast1,624
Jordan6,1053,44056·35
Lebanon34
Liberia1,536
Mali533
Malta91
Mauritania387
Morocco208
Niger79
Nigeria5,584
Oman570
Portugal561
Senegal356
Sierra Leone2,858
Spain
Syria568
Togo94
Tunisia2,162
Turkey407
West Bank and Gaza
Total53,0385,92311·17
1985
Algeria96
Benin187
Burkina Faso276
Cameroon7,4601451·94
Cape Verde Islands27
Central African Republic38
Chad1,448
Cyprus606
Egypt19,1012,25111·79
Equatorial Guinea
Gabon14
Gambia3,613
Ghana11,683
Greece
Guinea296
Guinea-Bissau
Israel
Ivory Coast2,615
Jordan2,332
Lebanon34
Liberia1,055
Mali744
Malta91
Mauritania888
Morocco91
Niger331
Nigeria6,240
Oman500
Portugal83
Senegal1,025

of which

ATP

ATP as percentage

Sierra Leone3,626
Spain
Syria2,779
Togo112
Tunisia1,380
Turkey10,280
West Bank and Gaza
Total79,0532,3953·04

1986

Algeria169
Benin158
Burkina Faso131
Cameroon3,74450813·58
Cape Verde Islands24
Central African Republic42
Chad89
Cyprus400
Egypt15,7461,68810·73
Equatorial Guinea1
Gabon23
Gambia9,897
Ghana19,454
Greece
Guinea268
Guinea-Bissau62
Israel
Ivory Coast7,440
Jordan5,641
Lebanon12
Liberia904
Mali1,188
Malta74
Mauritania212
Morocco157
Niger83
Nigeria5,580
Oman610
Portugal14
Senegal4,938
Sierra Leone3,845
Spain
Syria324
Togo142
Tunisia483
Turkey4,650
West Bank and Gaza
Total86,5022,1972·54
1987
Algeria208
Benin137
Burkina Faso155
Cameroon6,8041,54122·65
Cape Verde Islands38
Central African Republic-1
Chad179
Cyprus94052255·47
Egypt7,8651,15114·64
Equatorial Guinea205
Gabon22
Gambia7,197
Ghana20,153
Greece46
Guinea453
Guinea-Bissau30
Israel
Ivory Coast4,546
Jordan4,8091302·70
Lebanon10
Liberia913
Mali982
Malta81
Mauritania177

of which

ATP

ATP as percentage

Morocco180
Niger184
Nigeria6,584
Oman457
Portugal
Senegal1,798
Sierra Leone2,652
Spain
Syria102
Togo120
Tunisia74358578·75
Turkey3,04155918·39
West Bank and Gaza363
Total72,1734,4876·22

1988

Algeria465
Benin340
Burkin Faso314
Cameroon5,379130·24
Cape Verde Islands50
Central African Republic31
Chad252
Cyprus74313718·40
Egypt18,6575282·84
Equatorial Guinea17
Gabon7
Gambia6,530
Ghana32,861
Greece
Guinea655
Guinea-Bissau51
Israel13
Ivory Coast7,177
Jordan4,0914009·79
Lebanon21
Liberia858
Mali1,195
Malta98
Mauritania184
Morocco657
Niger365
Nigeria7,503
Oman964
Portugal1
Senegal1,008
Sierra Leone3,677
Spain
Syria20
Togo280
Tunisia4714710·01
Turkey2,5361,04441·16
West Bank & Gaza1,028
Total98,4982,1682·21

To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs if he will publish in the Official Report a table showing for the last five years (a) the flows of aid from the United Kingdom to (i) Mozambique, (ii) Namibia, (iii) the Republic of South Africa, (iv) Zambia, (v) Zimbabwe and (vi) all remaining southern African nations, listing those classified under this regional grouping and (b) the proportions in each case of this aid tied to trade deals involving United Kingdom companies.

The answer for central and southern Africa is as follows:

Gross Bilateral Aid 1984–88
£ thousand
Of which ATPATP as percentage
1984
Central and Southern Africa
Angola146
Botswana15,9752,71617·01
Burundi75
Comoros
Congo62
Lesotho5,233
Madagascar36317548·21
Malawi12,959
Mauritius1,437
Mozambique4,1823187·61
Mayotte
Namibia313
Reunion
Rwanda29
Sao Tome and Principe21
Seychelles1,623
South Africa
Swaziland5,626
Zaire1,253
Zambia32,901
Zimbabwe15,0622891·92
Total97,2603,4983·60
1985
Angola164
Botswana8,7752572·94
Burundi81
Comoros
Congo120
Lesotho2,382
Madagascar469
Malawi22,3561430·64
Mauritius2,187
Mozambique8,3663223·86
Mayotte
Namibia605
Reunion
Rwanda94
Sao Tome and Principe
Seychelles1,136
South Africa
Swaziland3,469
Zaire738
Zambia25,552—.
Zimbabwe23,636690·30
Total100,1307920·80
1986
Angola317
Botswana12,3281050·86
Burundi95
Comoros
Congo127
Lesotho3,784
Madagascar514
Malawi15,346870·57
Mauritius5,7794,20272·72
Mozambique7,4241181·59
Mayotte
Namibia733
Reunion
Rwanda115
Sao Tome and Principe4
Seychelles2,519
South Africa
Swaziland6,402
Zaire285
Zambia35,351
Zimbabwe12,50330·03

Of which ATP

ATP as percentage

Total103,6284,5164·36
1987
Angola261
Botswana12,21960·05
Burundi90
Comoros
Congo179
Lesotho3,942
Madagascar551
Malawi24,8651,6576·67
Mauritius8,1071,96124·20
Mozambique22,7986612·90
Mayotte
Namibia969
Reunion
Rwanda191
Sao Tome and Principe
Seychelles1,689
South Africa
Swaziland3,514
Zaire3,112
Zambia25,349
Zimbabwe12,498
Total120,3344,2853·57
1988
Angola505
Botswana8,251
Burundi116
Comoros1
Congo296
Lesotho4,898
Madagascar434
Malawi46,4941,4103·04
Mauritius6,374
Mozambique30,512
Mayotte
Namibia2,033
Reunion
Rwanda291
Sao Tome and Principe16
Seychelles1,716
South Africa
Swaziland5,058
Zaire595
Zambia16,683
Zimbabwe24,1274,04116·75
Total148,4015,4513·68

Footnote:

The United Kingdom does not provide aid to the Government of South Africa but does give aid to black South Africans disadvantaged by apartheid, through the TC programme for black South Africans. It is excluded from gross public expenditure as South Africa is not classified by OECD as a developing country. The amounts. given through this scheme were as follows (in £ thousands): 494 in 1984, 691 in 1985, 772 in 1986, 1,577 in 1987, 4,288 in 1988.

To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs if he will publish in the Official Report a table showing for the last five years (a) the flows of aid from the United Kingdom to (i) Angola, (ii) Ethiopia, (iii) Kenya, (iv) Tanzania, (v) Uganda, (vi) Zaireand (vii) all remaining central and eastern African nations, listing those classified under this regional grouping and (b) the proportions in each case of this aid tied to trade deals involving United Kingdom companies.

The answer for eastern Africa is as follows: the information requested on central Africa is given in the answer to the hon. Member's question on southern Africa.

Gross Bilateral Aid 1984–1988
£ thousand
1984 of which ATPATP as a Percentage
Eastern Africa
Djibouti8
Ethiopia7,004
Kenya38,3122,0215·28
Somalia2,058
Sudan27,427
Tanzania33,033
Uganda7,081
Yemen North (YAR)3,103
Yemen South (PDRY)969
Total118,9952,0211·70
Gross Bilateral Aid 1984–1988
£ thousand
1985 of which ATPATP as a Percentage
Eastern Africa
Djibouti
Ethiopia28,058
Kenya34,4383601·05
Somalia1,737
Sudan42,296
Tanzania17,967
Uganda9,171
Yemen North (YAR)3,104
Yemen South (PDRY)985
Total137,7573600·27
Gross Bilateral Aid 1984–1988
£ thousand
1986 of which ATPATP as a Percentage
Eastern Africa
Djibouti2
Ethiopia9,627
Kenya33,7542,0496·08
Disbursements of Net Official Development Assistance 1980–1988
United KingdomEEC Countries1 (including United Kingdom)EEC Countries2 (excluding United Kingdom)
(a)(b)(c)
£ millionper cent GNP£ millionper cent GNP£ millionper cent GNP
19807970·355,5770·474,7800·50
19811,0810·436,2640·535,1830·56
19821,0280·376,9870·535,9590·57
19831,0610·357,6050·516,5440·55
19841,0690·338,4780·517,4090·55
19851,1800·338,9640·517,7830·55
19861,1850·3110,9950·519,8110·55
19871,1420·2811,6510·4910,5090·53
19881,4850·3211,9190·4910,4340·53
United States of AmericaJapanAustralia and New Zealand
(d)(e)(f)
£ millionper cent GNP£ millionper cent GNP£ millionper cent. GNP
19803,0690·271,4410·323180·46
19812,8510·191,5640·283540·40
19824,6860·271,7270·285410·52
19835,3270·242,4790·325370·46
19846,5180·243,2320·346230·43
19857,2530·242,9290·296190·46

1986 of which ATP

ATP as a Percentage

Somalia3,941
Sudan25,996
Tanzania12,715
Uganda8,576
Yemen North (YAR)3,775
Yemen South (PDRY)943
Total99,3292,0492·07

Of which ATP

ATP as per cent.

Eastern Africa

1987
Djibouti168
Ethiopia8,554
Kenya28,5132,97210·43
Somalia7,292
Sudan20,327
Tanzania28,789
Uganda12,180
Yemen North (YAR)5,168
Yemen South (PDRY)1,157
Total112,1482,9722·66
1988
Djibouti134
Ethiopia19,174
Kenya49,4334,3838·37
Somalia6,675
Sudan25,829
Tanzania33,502
Uganda28,589
Yemen North (YAR)6,6031,20318·23
Yemen South (PDRY)444
Total170,3835,5873·28

To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs if he will publish the chart printed in the Official Report, 31 January, columns 191–92, in pounds sterling.

United Kingdom

EEC Countries1 (including United Kingdom)

EEC Countries2 (excluding United Kingdom)

(a)

(b)

(c)

£ million

per cent GNP

£ million

per cent GNP

£ million

per cent GNP

19866,5230·233,8420·295640·44
19875,4580·204,4800·314360·32
19885,6930·215,1280·326770·44

1EEC countries which are members of the DAC: Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Ireland2, Italy, Netherlands, United Kingdom.

2Ireland not included in 1980 and 1981 as figures not available.

To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs if, further to his reply, Official Report, 31 January, column 190, he will list those countries included under the headings South America, Africa and Asia and the middle east as being beneficiaries of United Kingdom bilateral aid and trade flows; and if he will list any other beneficiaries not classified under these three groupings.

The following countries were beneficiaries of funds from the aid and trade provision in the period 1984–88:

South America

  • Brazil
  • Colombia
  • Paraguay
  • Peru

Africa

  • Botswana
  • Cameroon
  • Egypt
  • Kenya
  • Madagascar
  • Malawi
  • Mauritius
  • Mozambique
  • Tunisia
  • Zimbabwe

Asia and Middle East

  • Burma
  • China
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Jordan
  • Malaysia
  • Philippines
  • Sri Lanka
  • Thailand
  • Yemen Arab Republic

Other Beneficiaries

  • Belize
  • Cyprus
  • Panama
  • Turkey
  • Leeward Islands

Further details can be found in "British Aid Statistics 1984–88," a copy of which has been placed in the Library.