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Written Answers

Volume 167: debated on Monday 12 February 1990

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Written Answers To Questions

Monday 12 February 1990

Education And Science

School Budgets

To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science how many authorities' aggregated schools budgets have been rejected by his Department and will not be implemented in 1990; and if he will give the reason in each case.

Determination of the aggregated schools budget in each local education authority is a matter for the authority itself and is not subject to approval by my right hon. Friend.

To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science whether he has received any representations

198019811982198319841985198619871988
Outflow249203214153138154204191160
Inflow276183118220318292260199244
Net intake27-20-966718013856884

To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science if he will estimate the number of non-British scientists working in United Kingdom institutions.

Brain Drain

To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science what evidence he has as to whether a brain drain exists from the United Kingdom.

No firm evidence exists of a 'brain drain' from this country. The best information currently available shows that there has been a net inflow to the United Kingdom of full-time non-clinical academic staff in universities in every year since 1983. I announced in July 1989 that I had requested the Committee of Vice Chancellors and Principals to monitor flows of university staff in and out of this country and to ensure that data about this are reliable.

Standard Spending Assessments

To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science if he will publish for each local education authority his estimate of its outturn expenditure for 1989–90 on a basis comparable with its standard spending assessments for education for 1990–91.

No information about outturn expenditure for 1989–90 at LEA level is yet available centrally.

from Nottinghamshire county council requesting exceptional treatment for its aggregated school budget because of the size of its nursery provision; and if he will make a statement.

The Department has received a number of representations from Nottinghamshire county council about nursery provision and its scheme for local management of schools. My right hon. Friend has announced his intention to approve the scheme submitted by Nottinghamshire county council subject to a number of modifications. The council is currently being consulted on the proposed modifications.

Scientists

To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science how many scientists are leaving the United Kingdom now; and how many left in each year since 1978.

Available data relate to the number of full-time university academic staff in all disciplines leaving the United Kingdom for employment or study abroad. The numbers of non-clinical staff leaving since 1980 (the earliest year for which comparable data are available) are as follows:

Departmental Running Costs

To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science what real increases:in his Department's running costs are planned to occur in 1991 and 1991–92; what steps will be taken to ensure that the increases represent value for money; and if he will deposit a copy of the relevant management plan in the Library.

As announced in the public expenditure White Paper (Cm. 1011), DES running costs net of receipts are planned to be £78·985 million in 1990–91 and £89·192 million in 1991–92. The figure for the latter year includes provision of £5·9 million for the additional recurrent costs in 1991–92 of the Department's new London headquarters. Excluding this sum, the planned increase in real terms in the Department's running costs provision from 1990–91 to 1991–92 will be 1·9 per cent.The Department is committed to achieving the maximum possible value for money from its running costs expenditure and has achieved significant increases in efficiency, for example from its investment in information technology. Future plans will concentrate on securing continuing improvements in value for money. It is not, however, our practice to publish internal management planning documents.

Colleges And Polytechnics

To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science how many advanced further education students were in colleges and polytechnics in 1988–89; how many higher education students were in colleges and polytechnics in 1989–90; and how many higher education students are proposed to be funded in colleges and polytechnics by the Polytechnics and Colleges Funding Council in 1990–91.

The public expenditure White Paper (Cm 1011) published on 30 January 1990 indicated that there were 240,000 home full-time and sandwich higher education students in the PCFC sector in the academic year 1988–89. The numbers were projected to increase to 251,000 and 260,000 respectively in the following two years. My right hon. Friend announced to the House on 8 February that the numbers of home full-time and sandwich higher education students in the PCFC sector in the 1989–90 academic year were now provisionally estimated to be 261,000.The PCFC allocations for 1989–90 and 1990–91 were on the basis of 240,000 and 254,000 home full-time and sandwich students. Institutions will also benefit from tuition fee income at the rate of £1,675 for each student with a mandatory award from September 1990.

St Mary's Trinity And St Bridget's Schools

To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science what provision will be made for the education of children at St. Mary's Trinity and St. Bridget's Church of England primary schools, Liverpool, following their proposed closure; and if he will make a statement.

No statutory proposals have yet been published to cease to maintain these schools. Provision for the education of the children concerned is the responsibility of the Liverpool education authority.

Teachers' Pay

To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science (1) how the education component of SSAs for inner London in 1990–91 will support a percentage increase to London weighting for teachers greater than the general percentage increase to teachers' pay; what is the expected cost of this measure; and if he will make a statement;(2) how the education component of SSAs for inner London in 1990–91 will support the use of new pay flexibility in enhancement of incremental points and extension of incremental scales as a response to shortage of teachers; what is the expected cost of these measures; and if he will make a statement;(3) how the education component of SSAs for inner London in 1990–91 will support the introduction of the proposed new £750 discretionary pay addition to teachers in inner London; what is the expected cost of this measure; and if he will make a statement.

The estimated cost to the inner London councils of the increase in London weighting in respect of 1990–91 is £2–2 million; the corresponding cost of the new £750 inner London supplement, on the assumptions made in the IAC report, is £6·9 million. The use of the other local flexibilities from 1 January 1991 is a matter for individual LEAs. Education standard spending assessments include an area cost adjustment which reflects general labour cost differentials between London, the south-east and other areas of England. This provides the inner London councils with the basis to meet the costs of implementation of the IAC recommendations.

Student Loans

To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science if he intends to publish an information leaflet for students on top-up-loans.

I have published a leaflet giving details of top-up loans. It is intended to indicate to students, potential students and others how the student loans scheme should operate, and the terms on which the loans will be offered, if the Education (Student Loans) Bill is enacted. Copies have been placed in the Library of both Houses.

Grant Programmes

To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science when he will publish the report of the efficiency scrutiny of his Department's specific grant programmes; and if he will make a statement.

I am today publishing the report of the efficiency scrutiny of my Department's two main specific grant programmes, education support grants and the local education authority training grants scheme. The scrutiny was undertaken as part of the efficiency unit's scrutiny programme.I welcome the report's conclusion that both grants are meeting their objectives, and have promoted important and beneficial developments which would not otherwise have happened. The evidence received by the scrutiny provides overwhelming support for the two schemes, and I readily accept the recommendation that they should continue.The main recommendation for change is that we should move to bring the two grants together into a unified scheme. I endorse this in principle. It should promote better co-ordination between the grants, with training needs being considered alongside other forms of support, such as materials and advisory staff. This should be particularly valuable for activities supporting the implementation of the education reforms. It should also offer administrative savings.Ministers will be giving further consideration to the legislative and practical implications of this change, taking account of the views of the local authority associations. We shall also consider, with a view to implementation, the other recommendations for improving the administration and evaluation of the grants. I would hope to begin to take account of them in drawing up proposals for the grant programmes for 1991–92, which I shall be announcing in the spring.Copies of the report have been placed in the Libraries of both Houses. They are also being sent to all local education authorities and other interested bodies.

National Curriculum Council

To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science when the corporate plans of the National Curriculum Council and the School Examinations and Assessment Council will be published.

The National Curriculum Council and the School Examinations and Assessment Council are today publishing their corporate plans for the period 1990–91 to 1992–93. I have agreed their expenditure proposals for 1990–91, subject to parliamentary approval of the Estimates in due course. The two councils' expenditure proposals for 1991–92 and 1992–93 will be subject to review in the course of this year's public expenditure survey. I have arranged for copies of the plans to be placed in the Libraries of both Houses.

Home Department

Sentencing

To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department whether he has any plans to seek the standardisation of court sentences; and if he will make a statement.

Our proposals for achieving greater consistency in sentencing practice are set out in the White Paper "Crime, Justice and Protecting the Public' (Cm 965), published on 6 February. Sentences need to take account of the differences in the circumstances of offences and offenders: the aim is consistency of approach, rather than uniformity of outcome.

Crack (Merseyside)

To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department if he intends to launch any new initiatives to reduce the increases in use of crack in Merseyside.

We already have in place a strategy for tackling drug misuse aimed at reducing both the supply of and the demand for all drugs, including cocaine and crack. Over £2 million is being made available in 1990–91 for a new drug prevention initiative which will involve the setting up of local drug prevention teams in a number of areas at risk from drugs and in particular from the threat of crack. Areas in Merseyside are among those being considered for the possible location of one of the initial teams.

Police Expenditure

To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department if he will give details of available information on the new system of capital expenditure control for the police service, which is to become operative from 1 April.

Home Office circular 35/1989, issued last July, gave early information about the new arrangements. Further details have been circulated to local authorities, including police authorities, by the Department of the Environment, in a consultative circular issued on 11 January 1990 and in the draft Local Authorities (Capital Finance) Regulations 1990 issued on 2 February. Police authorities will be informed of their allocations of capital grant and supplementary credit approvals for 1990–91 as soon as possible.

Human Rights

To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department if the Government will introduce legislation to incorporate the European convention on human rights into domestic law; and if he will make a statement.

Missing Persons

To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department if he will call for a report from the Commissioner of the Police of Metropolis as to how many children and how many adults respectively, are known to have gone missing in the Metropolitan police district each month of the past two years for which records are available; and how many were subsequently traced (a) within a week, (b) within a month, (c) within three months, (d) within six months and (e) not for over six months of report.

It is not possible to give monthly figures in relation to persons reported missing in the Metropolitan police district, and statistical information is not kept regarding the periods of time within which missing persons are traced. However, the following annual figures are given in relation to persons reported missing in the Metropolitan police district in 1988 and 1989.

19881989
Males
Under 14 years4862,955
14 to 17 years9375,661
18 years +2,7104,566
Females
Under 14 years4211,587
14 to 17 years1,0916,078
18 years +2,5004,413
TOTAL8,14525,260
Of the 8,145 persons reported missing during 1988, 1,075 were shown centrally as being still missing at the end of the year. Of the 25,260 persons reported missing during 1989, 315 were still missing at the end of the year. The figures for 1989 are not comparable with those of previous years owing to new recording procedures having been introduced.

To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department if he will call for a report from the Commissioner of Police of the Metropolis as to how many inquiries the Metropolitan police received from other forces in respect of missing persons during the last year for which records are available.

The total number of missing persons reports received by the Metropolitan police from other forces during 1989 was 6,913.

To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department whether he has consulted the European Economic Community countries which operate a national register for missing persons with a view to setting up such a register in the United Kingdom.

We are not consulting EC member states direct. We hope instead to build on existing arrangements for the exchange of information internationally about missing persons, via the International Criminal Police Organisation (ICPO).

To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department whether he will now make it his policy to comply with the recommendation of the Association of Chief Police Officers to create a national register for missing persons; and if he will make a statement.

We are investigating the best and most cost-effective means of establishing a national missing persons register. A feasibility study has been commissioned to examine the possibility of putting missing persons data on the planned replacement for the police national computer system. We expect to receive the report on this study next month.

Condoms (Prisons)

To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what is his Department's policy on the distribution of condoms and safer sex information in prisons.

It is not our policy to make condoms available to prisoners. An important consideration is that they afford less protection against HIV infection when used for anal sex. We cannot be certain that a change of policy would not encourage significantly more sexual activity of a kind which, even with a condom, carries a particularly high risk of HIV infection. If that were to happen the result might be to increase rather than reduce the spread of infection.Advice on safer sex is included in the AIDS/HIV education programme for prisoners and is addressed to the need for safe behaviour after release as well as during custody. The part which condoms can play in reducing risk and how they should be used to achieve maximum protection is explained.

Criminal Injuries Compensation

To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what was the total number of claims outstanding for criminal injuries compensation at the beginning of each year since 1974; and what is the total number of such claims which are presently outstanding.

On 1 February 1990, a total of 97,045 applications were awaiting resolution by the board. The other information requested is given in the table:

Year beginning 1 AprilApplications outstanding
19749,118
197510,839
197613,930
197717,937
197823,331
197924,684
198026,372
198124,795
198228,738
198332,040
198434,235
198541,685
198651,420
198764,115
198877,965
198982,520

Batons

To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many complaints he has received from the public regarding the use of martial-arts type batons for controlling violent or potentially violent individuals.

Bail Hostels

To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department if he has any plans to allow bail hostels to be run by private operators; and if he will make a statement.

We are examining how private sector involvement in the provision of bail accomodation, including bail hostels, can be increased but no decisions have yet been taken.

To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what advice he gives on the establishment of bail hostels in communities; and if he will make a statement.

The role of the Home Office in the setting up of individual bail hostels is confined to approving a proposal for funding. It is for local probation committees to decide the location of a bail hostel, obtain the appropriate planning consents and negotiate the purchase.

To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what is the amount of money made available for bail hostels in west Yorkshire for the years 1989–90 to 1990–91.

Capital provision of up to £735,000 has been made available for additional bail and probation—bail hostel places in west Yorkshire in 1989–90. The allocation for 1990–91 is not yet decided.

Rape

To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department whether he has any plans to review the law in England and Wales on rape within marriage; and if he will make a statement.

This aspect of law was last considered by the Criminal Law Revision Committee as part of its 1984 report on sexual offences. The committee recommended, by a narrow majority, that the law should not be changed to cover all subsisting marriages. It pointed out that where a husband commits assault or indecent assault, he can be prosecuted for these offences and that the question raises issues about the nature of marriage and about violence in the domestic context which go beyond the scope of the criminal law.Domestic violence is one of the subjects being considered by the ministerial group on women's issues. The rate of reporting of incidents of domestic violence has increased in recent years, and this may in part reflect greater awareness by the police, victims' organisations, other services and the public of the difficulties some women face.The Government believe that legislation in this area should proceed from a broad measure of agreement after careful examination of the wider issues such as those identified by the Criminal Law Revision Committee. We therefore welcome the Law Commission's agreement to carry out a joint criminal law and family law project in the context of its work on domestic violence. I understand that the aim is to produce a working paper, for consultation, early next year. The Government will consider the conclusions most carefully in deciding whether to change the law.

Wales

Preventable Loss

To ask the Secretary of State for Wales what assessment he has made of the extent of preventable loss arising from theft or misappropriation in his Department.

In the year 1988–89 there were two cases of theft or misappropriation in the Welsh Office totalling £1,255. Any loss from theft or misappropriation is examined thoroughly and the lessons learned are used to strengthen systems to deter further fraud.

To ask the Secretary of State for Wales whether he will list the number of professionally qualified loss-prevention staff employed by his Department and the qualifications held by such staff, excluding qualifications obtained during police or military service.

It is the responsibility of all staff to prevent the misappropriation of funds. The following staff in my Department have a major role in aiding loss prevention through audit work.

  • 2 FCA
  • 3 CIPFA
  • 1 AAT
  • 4 MIIA
  • 10 BATS

Baby Services

To ask the Secretary of State for Wales if he will place in the Library a copy of the report on baby services in Wales chaired by Professor Sir Eric Stroud.

The Department proposes to publish shortly the report of the advisory group on perinatal intensive care.

Special Needs Housing

To ask the Secretary of State for Wales (1) how many units of accommodation for disabled people he estimates will need to be provided in Wales by the year 2010;(2) how many units of sheltered accommodation for

(a) elderly people over 75 years and (b) very elderly people over 85 years he estimates will need to be provided in Wales by the year 2010;

(3) what categories of accommodation he has identified as required in order to meet the needs of disabled people in Wales (a) now and (b) over the next 20 years;

(4) what categories of accommodation he has identified as required in order to meet the needs of (a) elderly people over 75 years and (b) very elderly people over 85 years in Wales (i) now and (ii) over the next 20 years.

The Government attache high priority to the provision of all types of special needs housing. It is for local authorities in conjunction with other housing providers to assess current and future housing needs within their areas. It is essential that housing authorities play a major role in the production of social care plans as part of the care in community strategy to assist this process.

Disabled People

To ask the Secretary of State for Wales if he will list the circulars issued by his Department between 1 January 1987 and 31 January 1990 regarding the needs of, and provision for, disabled people in the fields of (a) health, (b) social services, (c) housing, (d) education and (e) transport.

The information requested is shown in the table:

a. Health and (b) Social Services
WHC(87)19Health Service Development. Review of pre-discharged; of supervision and aftercare arrangements for conditionally discharged restricted patients.
WHC(87)49Revised cost allowances for health buidings and residential accommodation for staff and small mental handicap community units.
WHC(88)30
WHC(89)30
WOC3(88)(l/88)Disabled Persons (Services, Consultation and Representation) Act 1986—Implementation of Sections 5 and 6.
WOC20/87(4/87)Disabled Persons (Services, Consultation and Representation) Act 1986—Implementation of Sections 4, 8(1), 9 and 10.
WHC(88)57Accommodation for people with mental illness.
WHC(89)9Health Building Note 40: Volume 3—Lifts and stairways
Volume 4—Designing from Disabled People
WHC(89)23Nursing in the Community—a team approach for Wales
WHC(89)40Mental Illness Services: A Strategy for Wales. Submission of 3 year Joint County Plans: 1990/91 to 1992/93.
WHC(90)1Discharge of Patients from Hospital.
c. Housing
WOC(24/87) (Paragraph 27)Changes of Use of Buildings and other Land: the Town and Country Planning (Use Classes) Order 1987.
d. Education
WOC(54/89)Assessment and Statements of Special Educational Needs. Procedures within the Education, Health and Social Services.
WOC(61/89)Special Schools for Pupils with Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties.
e. Transport
None.

To ask the Secretary of State for Wales what steps he is taking to formulate and implement a disablement strategy for Wales.

The Department has recently consulted health and local authorities and voluntry and professional organisations on a draft circular giving advice on good practice in the provision of services for people with physical and or sensory disabilities. It is intended to publish the final version next month. That will be followed by further guidance when the results of current reviews of existing services and consultation have been analysed.

Elderly People

To ask the Secretary of State for Wales (I) what basis and information sources he used in reaching his estimate of the increase in the number of elderly people in Wales over the next 20 years; and what research his Department has undertaken to verify this prediction;(2) what basis he used in reaching his estimate of the number of very elderly people in Wales over the next 20 years; and what research his Department has undertaken to verify this prediction.

Annual estimates of the population including age structure are made by the Office of Population Censuses and Surveys (OPCS) using:

  • (i) the results of the 1981 census;
  • (ii) registration of subsequent births and deaths; and
  • (iii) estimates of migration derived from electoral rolls, the National Health Service Central Register and the International Passenger Survey.
  • National projections produced by the Government Actuary's Department take the OPCS annual estimate as the base and apply assumptions on future mortality, fertility and migration patterns. Such assumptions, developed in consultation with relevant Departments, are described in "Population projections 1987–2027" series PP2 No. 16, OPCS, and a copy is in the Library. Current population projections can only be verified when the results of future censuses become available.

    Business Growth

    To ask the Secretary of State for Wales how many applications he has received from employers under the business growth training programme; and if he will make a statement.

    The Training Agency has received over 3,000 applications to participate in the business growth training programme in Wales.

    Local Government Finance

    To ask the Secretary of State for Wales if he will set out the position in Wales and Scotland with respect to the responsioilities that employers will have for collecting cash from poll tax defaulters.

    Under the Community Charges (Administration and Enforcement) Regulations 1989, a Welsh charging authority that has obtained a liability order from a magistrates court may make an attachment of earnings order. This is an order instructing the debtor's employer to make deductions from the debtor's earnings and pay the amounts deducted to the charging authority. The amounts to be deducted will be specified in the attachment of earnings order. The employer may deduct £1 from the debtor's earnings to cover his administrative costs in respect of each deduction. The employer is required to notify the charging authority if the debtor leaves his employment.The position in Scotland is a matter for my right hon. and learned Friend the Secretary of State for Scotland.

    Commonwealth Games

    To ask the Secretary of State for Wales if he will ask the chairman of the Sports Council for Wales for a report on the reasons why the Commonwealth Games Council for Wales did not institute random drug testing on members of the Welsh team selected for the Auckland Commonwealth games.

    To ask the Secretary of State for Wales if he will ask the Sports Council for Wales to report to him on the circumstances in which the Commonwealth Games Council for Wales was given a grant of £40,000 towards the cost of sending the Welsh team to the Auckland Commonwealth games.

    To ask the Secretary of State for Wales if he will meet the chairman of the Sports Council for Wales to discuss the most appropriate form of inquiry into the disqualification for drug-taking of medal-winning weightlifters at the Auckland Commonwealth games.

    It is for the Commonwealth Games Federation to set up the procedures to detect misuse of drugs and related substances and for the federation, together with the relevant governing bodies for weightlifting, to impose sanctions against the offenders.

    Anabolic Steroids

    To ask the Secretary of State for Wales if he will seek a report from the Sports Council for Wales on the prevalence of the use of anabolic steroids in sports in Wales receiving public money from the Sports Council.

    The Sports Council for Wales has been providing information to the Welsh Office on the results of its drug-testing programme, covering 57 sports governing bodies since testing began in 1985. No cases of steroid abuse have been detected in Welsh competitors as a result of the tests.

    Health Projects

    To ask the Secretary of State for Wales if he will announce allocations for 1990–91 for health projects under the programme for the valleys; and if he will make a statement.

    District health authorities and the University of Wales college of medicine have today been informed that the following allocations are to be made under the programme for the valleys for projects in 1990–91. The allocations are set out in the table. The £9·738 million allocation approved for the coming year represents an increase of over 60 per cent. on the budget for the present financial year and demonstrates a continuing commitment to improving health care provision in the valleys.In particular, the allocation to Mid Glamorgan health authority should accelerate the development of a new district general hospital to serve Taff Ely and Rhondda. Subject to the normal detailed approval procedure, a programme for the valleys investment of £8 million over the coming three years is planned towards the total cost of this major development.

    Programme for the Valleys health schemes to be funded in 1990–91

    New developments and existing commitments
    DHA/health interestFunding 1990–91
    £ million
    ON-GOING PROJECTS
    Gwent
    Ebbw Vale Community Hospital [commitment]1·13
    Mid Glamorgan
    Ystrad Fechan Community Hospital [commitment]2·4
    Aberdare Elderly Unit [commitment]0·2
    Know your Midwife, Rhondda [commitment]0·06
    Community Nursing (Valleys) [commitment]0·085
    Bargoed Ambulance Station [commitment]0·27
    West Glamorgan
    Pontardawe Psychiatric Day Centre [commitment]0·11

    DHA/health interest

    Funding 1990–91

    £ million

    UWCM/Mid Glamorgan/Gwent

    Domiciliary Ante-natal Care Project [commitment]0·085

    UWCM/Mid Glamorgan

    Myocardial Infarction Project [commitment]0·008
    Sub-total of DHA commitments4·348

    UWMC

    Teamcare Valleys [commitment]0·5
    Sub-total of commitments4·848
    NEW PROJECTS

    Mid Glamorgan

    New DGH, Taff Ely/Rhonnda [development]2·65
    Improvement to East Glamorgan Hospital [development]0·35

    East Dyfed

    Amman Valley Hospital Development [development]0·12

    West Glamorgan

    Pontardawe Psychiatric Day Hospital [development]0·084

    Gwent

    Child Development Centre for North Gwent [development]0·25
    Day Hospital for Chronically Mentally Ill Tredegar [development]0·19

    West Glamorgan

    Valleys Communities Dental Health Project [development]0·108

    Powys

    Dental Health Project (Upper Swansea Valley) [development]0·071

    Mid Glamorgan

    Mobile Dental Clinic for Merthyr Cynon and Rhymney Valleys [development]0·033

    West Glamorgan

    Share and Care Scheme, Neath and Port Talbot [development]0·002
    Redevelopment of Gellinudd Hospital [development]0·680

    Mid Glamorgan

    Project to combat Drug Misuse0·05

    Gwent

    Project to combat Drug Misuse0·062

    UWCM

    Team Care Valleys [development]0·24
    Sub-total of new developments4·89
    Total of commitments plus new developments=4·848 + 4·89 =9·738

    Prime Minister

    Green Currencies

    To ask the Prime Minister pursuant to her reply to the hon. Member for Ludlow (Mr. Gill) on 25 January, Official Report, column 1047, what are the reasons why all green currencies could not be dismantled in 1990; and if she will list the member states which are opposed to such dismantlement.

    The Council of Ministers has agreed that all monetary gaps should be dismantled by the end of 1992 at the latest. Because of the effects of very large devaluations on prices, public expenditure and the rate of inflation, it has been generally accepted Community practice that large monetary gaps should be dismantled in stages. Reflecting this, the Commission has not proposed the complete elimination of monetary gaps in 1990, and a majority of member states could be expected to resist such a proposal.

    African National Congress

    To ask the Prime Minister pursuant to her reply about the African National Congress to the right hon. Member for Manchester, Gorton on 16 January, Official Report, column 160, whether the African National Congress has since that reply removed what she referred to as an ambiguity; and whether, in the light of developments since that reply, she continues to regard the African National Congress as a terrorist organisation.

    We have welcomed the South African Government's decision to lift the bans on the African National Congress and other political organisations. We look to them to make a correspondingly positive response. As yet, the ANC has not committed itself unambiguously to the pursuit of a peaceful solution to South Africa's problems through negotiation. We continue to urge it to do so.

    National Finance

    Civil Service

    104.

    To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what has been the increase or decrease in (a) the work undertaken by the Civil Service and (b) the number of civil servants (i) since 1974 and (ii) since 1979; and if he will make a statement.

    The information on workload changes is not available in the form requested. However, it is estimated that, between 1979 and 1988, the workload for new and existing activities increased by the equivalent of 85,000 posts. This was, of course, more than fully offset by efficiency improvements and cost-effective transfers outside the Civil Service.The changes in the number of civil servants are as follows:

  • (i) 692,036 at 1 April 19744
  • (ii) 732,275 at 1 April 1979, an increase of 40,239 (5·8 per cent.))
  • (iii) 565,075 at 1 October 1989, a decrease of 167,200 (22·8 per cent.
  • Inland Revenue Documents

    To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer how many different standard forms, letters and notices are currently being used by the Inland Revenue; and if he will list the 20 most frequently used of these documents, and the approximate annual usage of each of these.

    The Inland Revenue has approximately 8,200 different forms, notices and so on in use, of which 2,500 are used in correspondence with persons outside the Department. The 20 external documents most frequently used are as follows:

    FormTypeApproximate annual usage (millions)
    P3(T)PAYE Coding Notes28·0
    P2(T)PAYE Coding Notice26·0
    P46Notification: new employee19·0
    Tax ReturnNotes: simple profit statement insert16·4
    P30B(Z)Payslip16·0
    PHPAYE Working Sheet1·50
    P14Statement of employee's pay etc15·0
    300 CodaSchedule D assessment14·7
    MIRAS 70Application to pay mortgage interest under the MIRAS Scheme14·0
    P15Employee's PAYE coding claim13·0
    P45Employee's leaving certificate11·5
    11 NotesTax Return: Notes11·2
    P6(T)Employers PAYE coding notification8·5
    64DSchedule D assessment: Notes7·2
    64Appeal notification6·7
    P1Tax Return: employee earning below £8,5006·5
    P1 NotesTax Return Notes employee earning below £8,5006·5
    11Tax Return—self employed taxpayer5·7
    P70(T)Schedule E assessment5·6
    11PTax Return—employee5·5

    Workplace Nurseries

    To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what is the total tax yield from the tax on workplace nurseries for the last year for which figures are available.

    There is no separate tax on workplace nurseries. I regret that information on which to base a reliable estimate of the tax liability on the benefit of subsidised workplace nurseries provided by employers is not available.

    Cbi

    To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer when he next plans to meet the president of the Confederation of British Industry; and what matters he proposes to discuss.

    My right hon. Friend the Chancellor of the Exchequer will be addressing the CBI annual dinner on 17 May this year.

    Banks (Third World Debts)

    To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what is the current policy of the Inland Revenue in relation to the tax treatment of United Kingdom banks which make provision against Third world debt.

    To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what is the current policy of the Inland Revenue in relation to the tax treatment of United Kingdom banks which make provision against Third world debt.

    The Inland Revenue operates the test laid down by law. This provides tax relief to the extent that the principal is estimated to be irrecoverable.

    Income Tax

    To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer if he has received any recent representations about the level of income tax.

    My right hon. Friend the Chancellor of the Exchequer has received a large number of representations regarding the level of income tax.

    To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer how many bands of marginal income tax rates exist in (a) the United Kingdom, (b) other Group of Seven countries and (c) other EEC countries.

    The information requested is as follows:

    CountryNumber of bands of income tax rates
    (a) United Kingdom2
    (b) Other Group of Seven countries
    Canada3
    France12
    Germany2,119
    Italy7
    Japan5
    United States of America2
    (c) Other EEC countries
    Belgium7
    Denmark3
    Greece9
    Ireland3
    Luxembourg24
    Netherlands3
    Portugal5
    Spain16

    Notes:

    1. The figures given refer to the bands of national income tax rates only. In some countries additional local income tax is imposed.

    2. In Germany there is no system of tax bands: rates rise gradually from 19 per cent. to 53 per cent. according to a 2,119-stage table.

    3. In the United States of America there is an additional intermediate income tax rate band for some taxpayers.

    4. The figure given for Belgium applies to taxpayers with an income of over £10,873 (at the latest available purchasing power parity). For income below this amount a tax table of gradually increasing rates is used.

    Building Society Accounts

    To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer how many building society accounts are subject to the composite rate; how many of these would be wholly liable to tax in the absence of the composite rate system; how many would not be liable for tax at all; and how much tax each group pays.

    I regret that information of this kind distinguishing accounts held by building societies is not readily available.

    Mortgage Interest Tax Relief

    To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer how many individuals are currently receiving mortgage interest tax relief; what were the comparable figures for 1973–74, 1978–79, 1983–84, 1988–89 and 1989–90; and what is the current cost to the Exchequer.

    Estimates of the numbers of tax units receiving mortgage interest relief in the years requested are as follows:

    Million
    1973–744·5
    1978–795·6
    1983–847·5
    1988–899·1
    1989–909·3
    The cost of providing mortgage interest relief in 1989–90 is estimated to be £7 billion.

    To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what representations he has received about the levels of mortgage interest tax relief; and if he will make a statement.

    To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what representations he has received about the ceiling on mortgage tax relief; and if he will make a statement.

    My right hon. Friend the Chancellor of the Exchequer has received a number of representations concerning the levels of mortgage interest tax relief.

    Company Car Parks

    To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer (I) how much revenue would be raised if company car parks in inner London were taxed as a benefit in kind; and what information he has on the income distribution of the people affected;(2) how much revenue would be raised if company parking spaces were taxed as a benefit in kind in all major cities in the United Kingdom; and what information he has on the income distribution of those people affected.

    Tax

    To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer if he will list all the points on the income scale for a single man with the standard allowance at which the combined national insurance and marginal rates alter and those rates.

    Information for 1989–90 is given in the table. The calculations use the class 1 national insurance contribution rates introduced in October 1989.

    Levels of income at which the marginal rate of income tax and national insurance contributions of a single person1 changes, 1989–90
    Weekly Income Marginal rate of income tax and national insurance contributions2
    £per cent
    43·009
    53·5634
    325·0025
    451·6340
    1 Assumed to be non-aged with no reliefs or allowances other than the single person's allowance.
    2 Class 1 national insurance contributions for an employee contracted in to the State Earnings Related Pension Scheme (SERPS).

    To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what is the overall revenue from taxation plus national insurance contributions in cash terms, real terms and as a percentage of gross domestic product both including oil and excluding oil in each year since 1978–79 and in each five-year period working back from the present for as much of the last 30 years as possible.

    Such information as is readily available is included on the CSO database in the follow:ing series (identified by their database code):

  • GTEA: total general Government revenue from taxes, social security contributions and royalties
  • ABLG: total North sea taxes
  • CAOB: GDP (a) at market prices
  • DJDT: implied GDP (at market prices) deflator
  • The database can be accessed on-line by the House of Commons library.

    To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what is the regional distribution of (a) the personal tax burden and (b) the overall tax burden.

    I regret that estimates of total personal taxes and total taxes are not made on a regional basis. However, in 1987–88 the regional distribution of income tax liabilities is estimated to have been as follows:

    RegionAmount of income tax liability of residents
    (£ billion)
    North1·8
    Yorkshire and Humberside3·3
    North West4·3
    East Midlands2·5
    West Midlands3·6
    East Anglia1·6
    South East18·4
    South West3·5
    Wales1·5
    Scotland3·4
    Northern Ireland0·8
    Members of Her Majesty's forces and the Merchant Navy are excluded.

    Mortgages

    To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what is the cost to the Exchequer of (a) a 1 per cent. increase in mortgage lending rates, (b) the cumulative cost since mortgage rates began to rise in June 1988 up to the end of 1989–90 and (c) the estimated cost for 1990–91.

    An increase of 1 percentage point in the current level of mortgage interest rates would increase the annual cost of mortgage interest relief by about £550 million. The estimated additional cost of mortgage interest relief, resulting from the increases in mortgage interest rates above their 10 per cent. level of June 1988, will be £2·4 billion by the end of 1989–90. This cost will to a large extent be offset by an increase in the tax yield on interest from deposits. The cost of relief in 1990–91 will depend on the levels of borrowing and interest rates.

    Personal Allowances

    To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what would be the cost of increasing all personal allowances by the current increase in average earnings of 9·25 per cent.

    At 1990–91 levels of income, the direct revenue cost in a full year of increasing all personal allowances by 9·25 per cent. on their 1989–90 levels is estimated to be about £2,240 million. The additional cost of increasing the basic rate limit by 9·25 per cent. is about £430 million in a full year. The costs falling in 1990–91 would be £1,720 million and £250 million respectively. Estimates are based on a projection of the 1987–88 survey of personal incomes and are provisional.

    Nursery Vouchers

    To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer how many companies currently provide nursery vouchers; and how much money is raised from taxing these as a benefit in kind.

    Corporation Tax

    To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what representations he has received on the level of corporation tax in the United Kingdom.

    My right hon. Friend the Chancellor of the Exchequer and I have received a number of representations concerning the level of corporation tax in the United Kingdom.

    Construction Companies

    To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what was the average annual increase in net income of large construction companies between 1974 and 1979, and since 1979, after deducting from net income as defined in his reply to the right hon. Member for Tonbridge and Mailing on 15 January, Official Report, column 97, either actual or estimated amounts for both tax and employers' national insurance contributions.

    197919801981119821983198419852
    £££££££
    Office Copy Register0·750·630·750·700·660·630·60
    Office Copy Filed Plan0·750·630·750·700·660·630·60
    Search of the Index Map1·000·841·501·401·331·271·20
    1 From 1 April 1981.
    2 To 31 May 1985.
    Since June 1985 there has been no direct charge for these pre-contract inquiries. From 2 April 1990 charges will be reintroduced for those items as follows, with constant price equivalents shown in brackets:

    Office Copy Register£12·00 (£5·54).
    Office Copy Filed Plan
    Search of the Index Map £6·00 (£2·77).

    Dr K Siddiqui

    To ask the Attorney-General if he will make a statement on the decision not to prosecute Dr. K. Siddiqui under the Offences Against the Person Act 1861.

    The Director of Public Prosecutions gave very careful consideration to all evidence made available to him, including video evidence, concerning the remarks and actions of Dr. Siddiqui at a public meeting at Manchester city hall on 21 October 1989,

    [holding answer 9 February 1990]: Based on figures extracted from published accounts, the average annual increase in net income in nominal terms for large construction companies after deducting tax (both United Kingdom and overseas) was 24·3 per cent. between accounting years 1974 and 1979 and 8·4 per cent. between accounting years 1979 and 1988. Employers' national insurance contributions will already have been deducted in the calculation of net income. The underlying figures are published in the MA3 series of business monitors "Company Finance".

    Attorney-General

    Shops Act 1950

    To ask the Attorney-General how many prosecutions have been brought for breaches of the Shops Act 1950 since the recent judgment of the European Court; and if he will name the local authorities concerned.

    I refer my hon. Friend to the answer that I gave to my hon. Friend the Member for Orpington (Mr. Stanbrook) on 29 January 1990 at column 13.

    Land Registry

    To ask the Attorney-General what were the charges for a land registry search when purchasing or selling domestic property for each of the years since 1979 at constant prices.

    Pre-completion official searches of the register with priority have attracted no fee during the period. Pre-contract inquiries attracted the fees set out in the table in the financial years indicated. The first column (1979) indicates the actual fee in that year. The following columns show the comparable fees by reference to constant prices based on the 1979 fees.and he instructed leading counsel to advise him with regard to any criminal liability, especially for incitement to murder. The Director concluded that the evidence was insufficient to render it appropriate to institute criminal proceedings. Nevertheless, the Director regards as a matter of extreme gravity any conduct on the part of any person within this jurisdiction which does amount to the offence of incitement to murder. It will remain his policy, with my full agreement, to deal accordingly with evidence establishing such conduct that may be placed before him.

    Health

    Preventable Loss

    To ask the Secretary of State for Health what assessment he has made of the extent of preventable loss arising from theft or misappropriation in his Department.

    The Department's assessment of preventable loss arising within the Department in the year 1988–89 is nil. Internal management and financial control procedures are under continuous scrutiny to ensure, as far as possible, that no preventable loss arises.

    To ask the Secretary of State for Health whether he will list the number of professionally qualified loss-prevention staff employed by his Department and the qualifications held by such staff, excluding qualifications obtained during police or military service.

    It is not possible to give an answer in the form requested as the Department does not employ a specific class of loss-prevention officers. There is a general exhortation to all staff to take proper care of property and services for which they are responsible and for line managers to ensure that there is sound management of such resources. Internal audit procedures are undertaken by staff with appropriate training and security guard services are provided by a mixture of departmental staff and private companies.

    Eye Surgery, Rochdale

    To ask the Secretary of State for Health what is the average waiting time in the Rochdale health authority for eye operations; how many persons are awaiting such surgery; and how many of those persons are over the age of 75 years.

    Information about the age and specific medical condition of patients on hospital waiting lists is not collected centrally. The latest available information about numbers of persons awaiting treatment in the ophthalmology specialty is given in the table.

    In-patient waiting list, Ophthalmology specialty. Rochdale District Health Authority, as at 31 March 1989
    Patients waitingPercentage breakdown by months waiting
    0–23–56–89–1112+
    8602121141431

    Source: KHO7 return.

    The percentages do not sum to 100 due to rounding.

    Disabled People

    To ask the Secretary of State for Health whether his Department has any evidence of general practitioners refusing to take groups of disabled people who are residents leaving long-stay hospital on to their lists; and if he will make a statement.

    We have no such evidence and I refer the right hon. Member to the reply I gave him on 8 February at column 769.

    Practice Nurses

    To ask the Secretary of State for Health what ratio of practice nurses per head of population his Department recommends in order for general practitioners to carry out all the services indicated in the new contracts.

    We do not plan to recommend norms for the employment of practice nurses. The extent to which general practitioners employ practice nurses and other types of health care professional staff to carry out services under the new contract is essentially a matter for local decision.

    Personal Data

    To ask the Secretary of State for Health how many members of staff in his Department have been disciplined for breaching internal regulations on the disclosure of personal data held by his Department within the last five years.

    No cases have occurred since 1 April 1989 when Department of Health records began. Records on any cases before this date are held by the Department of Social Security.

    New Hospitals

    To ask the Secretary of State for Health if he will set out in detail the mechanism by which health authorities will be able to calculate the capital contribution from central Government sources that will apply to any new hospital project in advance of making their detailed submission and explain how he intends to ensure that the price of land on sale or on purchase does not distort the planning in health provision.

    Capital planning is carried out on the basis of the best resource assumptions available. It is necessary to plan flexibly to cope with unavoidable uncertainties, and order schemes to match service priorities. Detailed approval in principle submissions are made on this basis.

    Nhs Trusts

    To ask the Secretary of State for Health if he will state what further representations he has received from hospitals to opt out of the existing National Health Service management structure.

    The proposals in the White Papers, "Working for Patients" and "Caring for Patients", and the NHS and Community Care Bill suggest wide ranging changes in the way the whole NHS is managed. Since May last year, a total of 190 units have expressed an interest in NHS trust status, including a number with more than one hospital. The units are as follows:

    • Northern RHA
    • Aycliffe Hospital and Mental Handicap Services
    • Blood Transfusion Service (Northern RHA)
    • Darlington Hospital and Community Services
    • Freeman Hospital, Newcastle
    • Hartlepool District
    • Mental Illness Services in Gateshead
    • Newcastle General Hospital
    • Newcastle Mental Health Services
    • Northumbrian Ambulance Service
    • Northgate Hospital
    • North Tyneside District
    • North West Durham hospital and community services
    • South West Durham Community Services

    Yorkshire RHA

    • Bradford Acute Services
    • Bradford—Psychiatric Unit Hospital Trust
    • Calderdale Hospitals, Calderdale HA
    • Leeds General Infirmary and associated Hospitals
    • Grimsby DGH and associated services
    • High Royds Hospital Mental Health Services, Leeds Western
    • St. James's University Hospital, Leeds
    • Seacroft and Killingbeck Hospitals, Leeds Eastern
    • Wakefield District—Mental Health Unit
    • Wharfedale General Hospital, Leeds Western

    Trent RHA

    • Bassetlaw
    • Doncaster Royal Infirmary and Montagu Hospital
    • Lincolnshire Ambulance Service
    • Nether Edge Hospital, Sheffield
    • Northern General Hospital, Sheffield
    • University Hospital, Nottingham
    • Royal Hallamshire Hospital, Sheffield
    • Children's Hospital, Sheffield
    • South Lincolnshire Mental Handicap Services

    East Anglian RHA

    • East Suffolk Community Services
    • East Suffolk Psychiatric Services
    • Great Yarmouth and Waveney Priority Services
    • Newmarket General Hospital
    • Norfolk Ambulances
    • Peterborough DGH, Edith Cavell DGH, Stamford and Rutland Hospital
    • West Norfolk and Wisbech Acute Services
    • West Norfolk and Wisbech Community Services

    North West Thames RHA

    • Central Middlesex Hospital
    • East Hertfordshire Acute Services Unit
    • East Hertfordshire Priority and Community Services Units
    • Harefield Hospital
    • Hillingdon Hospital
    • Mount Vernon Hospital
    • North Hertfordshire Acute and Community Services
    • North West Hertfordshire Priority Services Unit
    • Northwick Park Hospital
    • Westminster and Westminster Children's Hospitals

    North East Thames RHA

    • Basildon and Thurrock HA
    • Brentwood Community Hospital
    • Central North London Mental Health Unit
    • The London Hospital Group
    • Mid Essex Acute Unit
    • The Royal Free Hospital
    • North Middlesex Hospital
    • Royal London Homeopathic Hospital
    • Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital
    • The Royal National Throat Nose and Ear Hospital
    • City and Hackney (St. Bart's, Homerton and St. Marks Hospital Trust
    • St. Bartholomew's Hospital
    • St. Margaret's Hospital, Epping
    • St. Peter's Group of Hospitals
    • Southend District Services
    • Tavistock and Portman Clinics
    • Harwich Hospital
    • North East Essex Acute Unit
    • North East Essex Mental Handicap Unit
    • North East Essex Mental Health Unit
    • Waltham Forest Mental Health Unit
    • Waltham Forest HA
    • West Essex Priority Care Services

    South East Thames RHA

    • Bexley HA—Mental Health Community Services
    • Brighton Acute Services
    • Bromley Acute Services
    • King's/Camberwell and associated Community Services
    • Conquest Hospital, Hastings HA
    • Dartford and Gravesham HA—Proposed DGH
    • Eastbourne Acute Services
    • Guy's (and Lewisham Hospitals and associated MI Services)
    • Lewisham and North Southwark HA—Mental Illness Services
    • Lewisham Hospital Unit
    • Maidstone DGH
    • Queen Mary's Hospital, Sidcup + Erith and District Hospital + Community
    • Queen Victoria Hospital, East Grinstead
    • St. Thomas' Hospital (and associated Community Services)
    • Sevenoaks Hospital
    • South East Kent HA—Community Services
    • South East Thames RHA Commercial Services Directorate
    • Tunbridge Wells Mental Handicap Unit
    • West Lambeth HA—Priority Care Unit
    • William Harvey and Buckland Hospitals—South East Kent HA

    South West Thames RHA

    • Croydon Community Unit
    • Croydon Mental Handicap Unit
    • Croydon HA—Mental Illness Unit
    • East Surrey HA—Acute and Community Services Unit
    • East Surrey HA—Combined MI/Mental Handicap Unit
    • Kingston Hospital
    • Mid Downs East Unit
    • Mid Downs West Unit
    • Mid Surrey General Unit
    • Mid Surrey HA—Mental Illness Unit
    • North West Surrey HA—Acute Unit
    • North West Surrey HA—Mental Handicap and Mental Health Units
    • St. George's Group Trust, Wandsworth HA
    • St. Helier and Sutton Hospitals
    • South West Surrey Acute Unit
    • Worthing and Southlands Hospitals, Worthing HA
    • Weybridge Hospital

    Wessex RHA

    • Bournemouth Acute Unit, East Dorset HA
    • Christchurch Hospital, East Dorset HA
    • Lymington Hospitals
    • Mental Health Services, East Dorset HA
    • North West Wiltshire Community Service, Bath HA
    • Psychiatric Division, Basingstoke HA
    • Royal National Hospital for Rheumatic Diseases
    • Swindon HA—All District Services
    • Treloar Chase Unit, Basingstoke HA
    • West Dorset Community and General Hospital Services
    • West Dorset Mental Health Services

    Oxford RHA

    • Nuffield Orthopaedic Centre

    South Western RHA

    • Avon College of Health
    • Bristol
    • Bristol Paediatric Services
    • Bristol Homoeopathic Hospital
    • East Gloucestershire NHS Trust
    • Cornwall Mental Handicap Services
    • Cornwall Community Services
    • Royal Cornwall Hospitals
    • East Somerset
    • Exeter Community Services
    • North Devon
    • Plymouth Acute Services
    • Supplies Function—Regionwide (South Western RHA)
    • South Devon Health Care Trust
    • West Cornwall [Acute Services]
    • Weston (Unit, Bristol and Weston HA)
    • West Somerset Acute and Community Unit
    • Wonford Acute Services

    West Midlands RHA

    • Alexandra Hospital
    • Bridgnorth Cottage Hospital (incl. community) (Shropshire)
    • Bromsgrove Community Unit (Bromsgrove and Redditch)
    • Mid Staffordshire Community Unit
    • Coventry and Warwick Hospitals (incl. Paybody) (Coventry)
    • Ellesmere Cottage Hospital (Shropshire)
    • Good Hope DGH/Northcroft/Jaffray/Community (North Birmingham)
    • [Hayley Green Hospital (Dudley) (Withdrawn 26 June 1989)]
    • Highcroft, Mental Illness Hospital (North Birmingham)
    • Lady Forrester Cottage Hospital (Much Wenlock, Shropshire)
    • Walsall Acute Services [Manor DGH]
    • Oswestry and District Hospital (incl. Community) (Shropshire)
    • Robert Jones and Agnes Hunt Orthopaedic Hospital (Shropshire)
    • Royal Orthopaedic Hospital (South Birmingham)
    • Royal Shrewsbury Hospital (Shropshire)
    • Rugby District Services
    • Mid Staffordshire Mental Health Unit [St. George's Hospital]
    • St. Margaret's, Mental Handicap Hospital (Walsall)
    • Walsgrave DGH, Coventry

    Mersey RHA

    • Arrowe Park and Clatterbridge Hospitals
    • Broadgreen Hospital, exc. Mersey Regional Cardio-Thoracic Unit
    • Cranage Hall, Crewe
    • Crewe, Psychiatric and Community Services '
    • Halton, combined Hospital and Community Services
    • Halton Community Services
    • Leighton Hospital, Crewe (Acute Services)
    • Liverpool Community Health Services
    • Liverpool Dental Hospital
    • Liverpool Mental Health Services
    • Liverpool Obstetrics and Gynaecology Services
    • Regional Adult Cardio-Thoracic Unit (RACTU), Liverpool
    • Macclesfield Community and Mental Handicap Services
    • Macclesficld DGH (Acute Services)
    • Macclesfield Mental Health Services
    • Royal Liverpool Children's Hospital (Alder Hey)
    • Royal Liverpool Hospital
    • St. Helens and Knowsley Community Health Services
    • Southport DGH (Acute Services)
    • Southport and Form by Psychiatric/Community Services
    • Walton and Fazakerley Hospitals, South Sefton
    • Warrington DGH
    • Whiston and St. Helen's Hospital
    • Wirral Community and Support Hospitals

    North Western RHA

    • Christie Hospital [South Manchester HA]
    • Central Manchester Hospital and Community Services
    • Royal Preston Hospital, Preston HA
    • South Manchester HA Community Unit
    • Stepping Hill Hospital + Stockport Infirmary, Stockport HA
    • Wrightington Hospital, West Lancashire HA

    SHA

    • Eastman Dental Hospital

    To ask the Secretary of State for Health if he will publish the agendas, papers and lists of participants for the meetings organised by his Department on the subject of National Health Service trusts on 23–24 October, 14–15 December and 22–23 January.

    Income Generation Unit

    To ask the Secretary of State for Health what representations he has received in the past year on the work of the income generation unit.

    Hospital Attendance (Funding)

    To ask the Secretary of State for Health if he will make a statement about funding arrangements for patients in Denton and Reddish who wish to attend hospitals in Manchester rather than Stockport or Tameside.

    General practitioners in Denton and Reddish, as elsewhere, are able without restriction to refer patients to consultants working in hospitals in Manchester and no funds are transferred between district health authorities as a result. Special financial arrangements have been made over access to the regional health authority funded lithotripter service in south Manchester.

    Nurseries

    To ask the Secretary of State for Health how many children attend private and public nurseries; and what is the income distribution of their parents.

    The information available centrally about the total provision relates to the number of places in local authority and in registered voluntary and private day nurseries. This information is published annually in "Children's Day Care Facilities at 31 March", copies of which are available in the Library. No information is available centrally about the income of parents.

    Foster Care

    To ask the Secretary of State for Health if he has proposals for changes in the foster care system specifically aimed at putting an end to the high incidence of child abuse; and if he will make a statement.

    Foster parents are a valuable community resource who at times have to look after very difficult children. They need adequate support and supervision. The small numbers of recent tragic cases does not lead us to believe that the incidence of child abuse by foster parents is high. The regulatory framework has been tightened up with the introduction of the Boarding Out of Children (Foster Placement) Regulations 1988, which came into force on 1 June 1989. Copies of the regulations can be found in the Library. Implementation of the Children Act will be accompanied by new regulations arid guidance to local authorities on a number of foster care issues.

    Food Poisoning

    To ask the Secretary of State for Health how many deaths occurred in 1989 which were attributed to food poisoning.

    The provisional number of deaths for which food poisoning' was stated as the underlying cause in England and Wales in the first nine months of 1989 was 40.

    1 International Classification of Diseases, 9th revision, codes 003 and 005.

    General Practitioners

    To ask the Secretary of State for Health how many applications he has received for the establishment of fund-holding practices from general practitioners' practices in Leeds.

    Formal applications cannot be made until there is legislative provision for fund holding. Practices have been invited to return forms to their RHAs registering their interest in fund holding. We do not have details of the numbers of interested practices in individual FPCs.

    Paramedic Skills

    To ask the Secretary of State for Health how many people are trained nationally in paramedic skills to the National Health Service training authority standard; and how many to the National Health Service modular scheme standard.

    There are about 2,000 ambulance staff who hold the full NHSTA Certificate in Extended Training. In addition there are another 2,000 staff who have either received extended training on some of the three NHSTA modular or under local training schemes.

    To ask the Secretary of State for Health what are the qualitative differences between the two National Health Service standards of paramedic training for ambulance staff

    The National Health Service training authority certificate is the only national training standard for paramedics. Some authorities have elected to train in one or two of the three training authority modules, for example, cardiac care, and others provide training to local standards.

    Ambulance Workers

    To ask the Secretary of State for Health if he will publish statistics for the levels of stress and the mortality rate of (a) the ambulance workers' profession and (b) the national average.

    This information is not held by the Department. General responsibility for the recording of incidents of occupationally induced injuries and diseases resulting in absences of more than three days duration rests with my right hon. and learned Friend the Secretary of State for Employment.

    General Practice Formularies

    To ask the Secretary of State for Health if he will make it his policy that general practice formularies should originate with the individual practices.

    General practice formularies will be voluntary and will be organised in the way most suited to local circumstances. It will be for general practitioners individually to determine the degree of compliance where they adopt a formulary. Whilst we expect that many formularies will be practice based, there is nothing to prevent a group of practices or an FPC developing a common formulary should they wish.

    Prescription Products

    To ask the Secretary of State for Health what steps he intends to take to ensure that all new prescription products are made available to patients.

    Subject only to the provisions of the selected list scheme, doctors will continue to be able to prescribe any drugs, including new drugs, that they consider to be necessary for a patient's treatment.

    Aids

    To ask the Secretary of State for Health if he will make a statement on the work of his Department on AIDS and the work of the AIDS unit within his Department.

    As I said in my reply to my hon. Friend the Member for Walthamstow (Mr. Summerson) on 23 November at column 11, the Department published the Government's response to the report from the Social Services Committee on AIDS (Cm. 925). That sets out the strategy which we have adopted to meet the challenge of AIDS. The AIDS unit is a multidisciplinary team of officials within the Department who work on HIV infection and AIDS.

    To ask the Secretary of State for Health what steps his Department is taking to implement the Montreal charter on the universal rights of people living with HIV disease agreed at the World Health Organisation conference in June 1989.

    The Government have endorsed all the official resolutions of the conference on AIDS organised in Montreal by the World Health Organisation. These do not include the charter to which the hon. Member refers. The strategy which the Government have adopted to meet the challenge of AIDS is set out in our response to the report from the Social Services Committee on AIDS (Cm. 925).

    Hertfordshire Fpc

    To ask the Secretary of State for Health if he will call for a report from the chairman of the Hertfordshire family practitioner committee about the circumstances surrounding the removal of 16 patients in the last three weeks from the list of Doctor Mir of Prestwick road, Watford.

    I refer the hon. Member to the reply I gave the hon. Member for Liverpool, Broadgreen (Mr. Fields) on 30 January at column 130. The administration of the contract of service of general medical practitioners in Hertfordshire is a matter for the Hertfordshire family practitioner committee, 14 Parliament square, Hertford, SG14 1ED.

    Family Practitioner Committees

    To ask the Secretary of State for Health what is (a) the average and (b) the range of expenditure per patient in each family practitioner committee.

    [holding answer 29 January 1990]: Family practitioner committees manage expenditure on all four family practitioner services; the general medical, dental and opthalmic services, and the pharmaceutical service. The aggregate expenditure on these in each FPC in 1988–89, expressed as the total of payments per 10,000 registered population, is set out in the table. Information about the range of expenditure per patient, within each FPC and for all services, is not collected.

    FPCFPS payments in £000s/10,000 Registered Population (1988–89)
    Cleveland904·9
    Cumbria943·0
    Durham903·4
    Northumberland929·6
    Gateshead874·9
    Newcastle-upon-Tyne899·3
    North Tyneside955·6
    South Tyneside883·3
    Sunderland905·8
    Humberside896·4
    North Yorkshire932·1
    Bradford883·9
    Calderdale891·5
    Kirklees828·4
    Leeds937·3
    Wakefield962·3
    Derbyshire847·6
    Leicestershire819·0
    Lincolnshire958·8
    Nottinghamshire816·3
    Barnsley904·4
    Doncaster925·8
    Rotherham809·4
    Sheffield905·9
    Cambridgeshire838·9
    Norfolk968·2
    Suffolk918·8
    Bedfordshire801·0
    Hertfordshire864·3
    Barnet762·0
    Brent and Harrow757·6
    Ealing, Hammersmith and Hounslow734·0
    Hillingdon797·8
    Kensington, Chelsea and Westminster804·6
    Essex851·0
    Barking and Havering777·7
    Camden and Islington808·9
    City and East London829·1
    Enfield and Haringey684·1
    Redbridge and Waltham Forest803·4
    East Sussex942·8
    Kent853·6
    Greenwich and Bexley796·6
    Bromley793·6
    Lambeth, Southwark and Lewisham732·0
    Surrey800·5
    West Sussex919·1
    Croydon795·4
    Kingston and Richmond849·0
    Merton, Sutton and Wandsworth760·5
    Dorset982·1
    Hampshire866·9
    Wiltshire836·4
    Isle of Wight1,000·8
    Berkshire825·2
    Buckinghamshire812·6
    Northamtonshire818·7
    Oxfordshire845·3
    Avon843·5
    Cornwall and Isles of Scilly984·2
    Devon970·0
    Gloucestershire888·1
    Somerset917·5
    Hereford and Worcester834·7

    FPC

    FPS payments in £000s/10,000 Registered Population (1988–89)

    Shropshire886·3
    Staffordshire834·8
    Warkwickshire855·4
    Birmingham905·4
    Coventry895·3
    Dudley789·7
    Sandwell943·6
    Solihull875·2
    Walsall949·5
    Wolverhampton874·4
    Cheshire883·4
    Liverpool1,005·1
    St. Helens and Knowsley926·4
    Sefton897·6
    Wirral949·0
    Lancashire922·5
    Bolton852·9
    Bury935·2
    Manchester988·4
    Oldham860·9
    Rochdale895·6
    Salford1,024·8
    Stockport908·3
    Tameside930·3
    Trafford944·7
    Wigan930·3
    ENGLAND868·7

    Notes: Gross payments for general medical, dental, and ophthalmic services, and the pharmaceutical service, inclusive of superannuation contributions but net of patient charges, in thousands of fs per 10,000 registered population.

    Foreign And Commonwealth Affairs

    Unesco

    To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs when he will publish the report of the proceedings at the recent biennial general conference of UNESCO; what organisations in Britain he is consulting; when he expects to publish his assessment of the conference; and whether he will make it his policy to consult (a) the United Nations Association of Great Britain and (b) the Foreign Affairs Committee of the House before coming to any conclusions.

    UNESCO has just adopted a new medium term plan for the period 1990–95 and a programme and budget for the period 1990–91. These documents provide us with our first real opportunity to assess what progress the organisation has made since we left it in 1985. We will therefore now be making a detailed review of UNESCO with a view to deciding what our future relationship with the organisation should be. As part of this review we will be consulting a wide range of bodies with interests in the educational, scientific and cultural fields covered by UNESCO's mandate, The United Nations Association will be one of the organisations consulted. A final decision will be announced after we have considered all the evidence. We understand that the Foreign Affairs Committee of the House intends to conduct hearings in early March on our policy towards UNESCO.

    African Elephant

    To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what additional measures he intends to take to enhance elephant protection schemes in those African countries currently receiving assistance from Her Majesty's Government.

    The position remains as stated in the answer that my right hon. Friend the Minister for Overseas Development gave the hon. Member on 29 November 1989. We remain willing to consider any new requests for help.

    Kashmir

    To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what recent discussions he has had with representatives of other Governments concerning the implementation of the United Nations declaration No. 261.

    To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what representations Her Majesty's Government have made to the Government of India to implement the United Nations resolution calling for a referendum in the disputed territories of Jammu and Kashmir.

    Britain voted in favour of the various United Nations resolutions on Kashmir. Much has happened since, including the 1972 Simla agreement on bilateral relations between India and Pakistan. We believe that the status of Kashmir can be settled only by agreement between the two sides.

    To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what recent discussions he has had with the Governments of India and Pakistan concerning Kashmir; and if he will make a statement.

    We have made clear in our regular contacts with the Indian and Pakistani Governments that we believe that the status of Kashmir can be settled only by agreement between the two sides. We have also made it clear that we have no sympathy with those who espouse violence for political ends.

    To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what representations he has recently made concerning civil rights in Kashmir; and if he will make a statement.

    In our recent contacts with the Indian Government we have recognised the serious problems of violence they face in Jammu and Kashmir, and expressed our hope that they will deal with the situation with restraint. We have also made clear that we have no sympathy with those who espouse violence for political ends.

    Foreign Aid

    To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs further to his answer in the Official Report, 31 January, column 190, what funds are included under the heading United Kingdom gross bilateral aid.

    Gross bilateral aid comprises financial and technical co-operation provided to recipient countries on a government-to-government basis for agreed projects and programmes, investments by the Commonwealth Development Corporation, support for British institutions concerned with overseas development, including support for the voluntary agencies working overseas, food aid and humanitarian assistance, and aid debt relief.

    To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs if he will publish in the Official Report a table showing for the last five years (a) the flows of aid from the United Kingdom to (i) Argentina, (ii) Brazil, (iii) Colombia, (iv) El Salvador, (v) Mexico, (vi) Nicaragua, (vii) Panama and (viii) all remaining South American nations and (b) the proportions in each case of this aid tied to trade deals involving United Kingdom companies.

    The answer is as follows:

    Gross bilateral aid 1984–1988
    £ thousand
    Of which ATPATP as per cent.
    LATIN AMERICA
    1984
    Bolivia1,182
    Brazil7,7806,27980·71
    Chile257
    Colombia46051·03
    Costa Rica1,666
    Cuba
    Dominican Republic61
    Ecuador916
    El Salvador205
    Guatemala
    Haiti8
    Honduras3,446
    Mexico517
    Nicaragua9
    Panama49
    Paraguay2071256008
    Peru476183·81
    Uruguay14
    Venezuela
    Total17,2556,42737·25
    1985
    Bolivia1,421
    Brazil4,0143,41785·13
    Chile334
    Colombia83814817·17
    Costa Rica12,685
    Cuba
    Dominican Republic24
    Ecuador909
    El Salvador103
    Guatemala
    Haiti3
    Honduras3,653
    Mexico773
    Nicaragua116
    Panama67
    Paraguay51
    Peru92814815·95
    Uruguay7
    Venezuela1
    Total25,9263,71314·17
    1986
    Bolivia1,953
    Brazil88021324·26
    Chile373

    Of which ATP

    ATP as per cent.

    Colombia1,01850·45
    Costa Rica10,038
    Cuba
    Dominican Republic42
    Ecuador836
    El Salvador239
    Guatemala10
    Haiti331
    Honduras1,258
    Mexico803
    Nicaragua86
    Panama70
    Paraguay221
    Peru1,21423519·40
    Uruguay13
    Venezuela10
    Total19,3954532·34
    1987
    Bolivia1,748
    Brazil766
    Chile261
    Colombia762
    Costa Rica2,772
    Cuba
    Dominican Republic34
    Ecuador2,560
    El Salvador411
    Guatemala1
    Haiti7
    Honduras811
    Mexico630
    Nicaragua
    Panama72
    Paraguay277
    Peru1,012858·36
    Uruguay38
    Venezuela24
    Total12,186850·70
    1988
    Bolivia2,953
    Brazil1,443
    Chile306
    Colombia1,82243423·80
    Costa Rica1,550
    Cuba2
    Dominican Republic114
    Ecuador1,515
    El Salvador154
    Guatemala4
    Haiti9
    Honduras1,212
    Mexico1,249
    Nicaragua180
    Panama98885486·48
    Paraguay497
    Peru1,363
    Uruguay18
    Venezuela10
    Total15,3901,2888·37

    To ask the Secretry of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs if he will publish in the Official Report a table showing for the last five years (a) the flows of aid from the United Kingdom to (i) Algeria, (ii) Chad, (iii) Egypt, (iv) Nigeria, (v) Sudan and (vi) all remaining north and western African nations, listing those classified under this grouping and (b) the proportions in each case of this aid tied to trade deals involving United Kingdom companies.

    The answer is as follows:

    Gross bilateral aid 1984–1988
    of which
    ATPATP as percentage
    1984
    West and North Africa and Mediterranean
    Algeria14
    Benin166
    Burkina Faso120
    Cameroon5,605
    Cape Verdi Islands16
    Central African Republic29
    Chad31
    Cyprus368
    Egypt15,4042,48316·12
    Equatorial Guinea14
    Gabon5
    Gambia3,638
    Ghana3,765
    Greece
    Guinea89
    Guinea-Bissau16
    Israel
    Ivory Coast1,624
    Jordan6,1053,44056·35
    Lebanon34
    Liberia1,536
    Mali533
    Malta91
    Mauritania387
    Morocco208
    Niger79
    Nigeria5,584
    Oman570
    Portugal561
    Senegal356
    Sierra Leone2,858
    Spain
    Syria568
    Togo94
    Tunisia2,162
    Turkey407
    West Bank and Gaza
    Total53,0385,92311·17
    1985
    Algeria96
    Benin187
    Burkina Faso276
    Cameroon7,4601451·94
    Cape Verde Islands27
    Central African Republic38
    Chad1,448
    Cyprus606
    Egypt19,1012,25111·79
    Equatorial Guinea
    Gabon14
    Gambia3,613
    Ghana11,683
    Greece
    Guinea296
    Guinea-Bissau
    Israel
    Ivory Coast2,615
    Jordan2,332
    Lebanon34
    Liberia1,055
    Mali744
    Malta91
    Mauritania888
    Morocco91
    Niger331
    Nigeria6,240
    Oman500
    Portugal83
    Senegal1,025

    of which

    ATP

    ATP as percentage

    Sierra Leone3,626
    Spain
    Syria2,779
    Togo112
    Tunisia1,380
    Turkey10,280
    West Bank and Gaza
    Total79,0532,3953·04

    1986

    Algeria169
    Benin158
    Burkina Faso131
    Cameroon3,74450813·58
    Cape Verde Islands24
    Central African Republic42
    Chad89
    Cyprus400
    Egypt15,7461,68810·73
    Equatorial Guinea1
    Gabon23
    Gambia9,897
    Ghana19,454
    Greece
    Guinea268
    Guinea-Bissau62
    Israel
    Ivory Coast7,440
    Jordan5,641
    Lebanon12
    Liberia904
    Mali1,188
    Malta74
    Mauritania212
    Morocco157
    Niger83
    Nigeria5,580
    Oman610
    Portugal14
    Senegal4,938
    Sierra Leone3,845
    Spain
    Syria324
    Togo142
    Tunisia483
    Turkey4,650
    West Bank and Gaza
    Total86,5022,1972·54
    1987
    Algeria208
    Benin137
    Burkina Faso155
    Cameroon6,8041,54122·65
    Cape Verde Islands38
    Central African Republic-1
    Chad179
    Cyprus94052255·47
    Egypt7,8651,15114·64
    Equatorial Guinea205
    Gabon22
    Gambia7,197
    Ghana20,153
    Greece46
    Guinea453
    Guinea-Bissau30
    Israel
    Ivory Coast4,546
    Jordan4,8091302·70
    Lebanon10
    Liberia913
    Mali982
    Malta81
    Mauritania177

    of which

    ATP

    ATP as percentage

    Morocco180
    Niger184
    Nigeria6,584
    Oman457
    Portugal
    Senegal1,798
    Sierra Leone2,652
    Spain
    Syria102
    Togo120
    Tunisia74358578·75
    Turkey3,04155918·39
    West Bank and Gaza363
    Total72,1734,4876·22

    1988

    Algeria465
    Benin340
    Burkin Faso314
    Cameroon5,379130·24
    Cape Verde Islands50
    Central African Republic31
    Chad252
    Cyprus74313718·40
    Egypt18,6575282·84
    Equatorial Guinea17
    Gabon7
    Gambia6,530
    Ghana32,861
    Greece
    Guinea655
    Guinea-Bissau51
    Israel13
    Ivory Coast7,177
    Jordan4,0914009·79
    Lebanon21
    Liberia858
    Mali1,195
    Malta98
    Mauritania184
    Morocco657
    Niger365
    Nigeria7,503
    Oman964
    Portugal1
    Senegal1,008
    Sierra Leone3,677
    Spain
    Syria20
    Togo280
    Tunisia4714710·01
    Turkey2,5361,04441·16
    West Bank & Gaza1,028
    Total98,4982,1682·21

    To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs if he will publish in the Official Report a table showing for the last five years (a) the flows of aid from the United Kingdom to (i) Mozambique, (ii) Namibia, (iii) the Republic of South Africa, (iv) Zambia, (v) Zimbabwe and (vi) all remaining southern African nations, listing those classified under this regional grouping and (b) the proportions in each case of this aid tied to trade deals involving United Kingdom companies.

    The answer for central and southern Africa is as follows:

    Gross Bilateral Aid 1984–88
    £ thousand
    Of which ATPATP as percentage
    1984
    Central and Southern Africa
    Angola146
    Botswana15,9752,71617·01
    Burundi75
    Comoros
    Congo62
    Lesotho5,233
    Madagascar36317548·21
    Malawi12,959
    Mauritius1,437
    Mozambique4,1823187·61
    Mayotte
    Namibia313
    Reunion
    Rwanda29
    Sao Tome and Principe21
    Seychelles1,623
    South Africa
    Swaziland5,626
    Zaire1,253
    Zambia32,901
    Zimbabwe15,0622891·92
    Total97,2603,4983·60
    1985
    Angola164
    Botswana8,7752572·94
    Burundi81
    Comoros
    Congo120
    Lesotho2,382
    Madagascar469
    Malawi22,3561430·64
    Mauritius2,187
    Mozambique8,3663223·86
    Mayotte
    Namibia605
    Reunion
    Rwanda94
    Sao Tome and Principe
    Seychelles1,136
    South Africa
    Swaziland3,469
    Zaire738
    Zambia25,552—.
    Zimbabwe23,636690·30
    Total100,1307920·80
    1986
    Angola317
    Botswana12,3281050·86
    Burundi95
    Comoros
    Congo127
    Lesotho3,784
    Madagascar514
    Malawi15,346870·57
    Mauritius5,7794,20272·72
    Mozambique7,4241181·59
    Mayotte
    Namibia733
    Reunion
    Rwanda115
    Sao Tome and Principe4
    Seychelles2,519
    South Africa
    Swaziland6,402
    Zaire285
    Zambia35,351
    Zimbabwe12,50330·03

    Of which ATP

    ATP as percentage

    Total103,6284,5164·36
    1987
    Angola261
    Botswana12,21960·05
    Burundi90
    Comoros
    Congo179
    Lesotho3,942
    Madagascar551
    Malawi24,8651,6576·67
    Mauritius8,1071,96124·20
    Mozambique22,7986612·90
    Mayotte
    Namibia969
    Reunion
    Rwanda191
    Sao Tome and Principe
    Seychelles1,689
    South Africa
    Swaziland3,514
    Zaire3,112
    Zambia25,349
    Zimbabwe12,498
    Total120,3344,2853·57
    1988
    Angola505
    Botswana8,251
    Burundi116
    Comoros1
    Congo296
    Lesotho4,898
    Madagascar434
    Malawi46,4941,4103·04
    Mauritius6,374
    Mozambique30,512
    Mayotte
    Namibia2,033
    Reunion
    Rwanda291
    Sao Tome and Principe16
    Seychelles1,716
    South Africa
    Swaziland5,058
    Zaire595
    Zambia16,683
    Zimbabwe24,1274,04116·75
    Total148,4015,4513·68

    Footnote:

    The United Kingdom does not provide aid to the Government of South Africa but does give aid to black South Africans disadvantaged by apartheid, through the TC programme for black South Africans. It is excluded from gross public expenditure as South Africa is not classified by OECD as a developing country. The amounts. given through this scheme were as follows (in £ thousands): 494 in 1984, 691 in 1985, 772 in 1986, 1,577 in 1987, 4,288 in 1988.

    To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs if he will publish in the Official Report a table showing for the last five years (a) the flows of aid from the United Kingdom to (i) Angola, (ii) Ethiopia, (iii) Kenya, (iv) Tanzania, (v) Uganda, (vi) Zaireand (vii) all remaining central and eastern African nations, listing those classified under this regional grouping and (b) the proportions in each case of this aid tied to trade deals involving United Kingdom companies.

    The answer for eastern Africa is as follows: the information requested on central Africa is given in the answer to the hon. Member's question on southern Africa.

    Gross Bilateral Aid 1984–1988
    £ thousand
    1984 of which ATPATP as a Percentage
    Eastern Africa
    Djibouti8
    Ethiopia7,004
    Kenya38,3122,0215·28
    Somalia2,058
    Sudan27,427
    Tanzania33,033
    Uganda7,081
    Yemen North (YAR)3,103
    Yemen South (PDRY)969
    Total118,9952,0211·70
    Gross Bilateral Aid 1984–1988
    £ thousand
    1985 of which ATPATP as a Percentage
    Eastern Africa
    Djibouti
    Ethiopia28,058
    Kenya34,4383601·05
    Somalia1,737
    Sudan42,296
    Tanzania17,967
    Uganda9,171
    Yemen North (YAR)3,104
    Yemen South (PDRY)985
    Total137,7573600·27
    Gross Bilateral Aid 1984–1988
    £ thousand
    1986 of which ATPATP as a Percentage
    Eastern Africa
    Djibouti2
    Ethiopia9,627
    Kenya33,7542,0496·08
    Disbursements of Net Official Development Assistance 1980–1988
    United KingdomEEC Countries1 (including United Kingdom)EEC Countries2 (excluding United Kingdom)
    (a)(b)(c)
    £ millionper cent GNP£ millionper cent GNP£ millionper cent GNP
    19807970·355,5770·474,7800·50
    19811,0810·436,2640·535,1830·56
    19821,0280·376,9870·535,9590·57
    19831,0610·357,6050·516,5440·55
    19841,0690·338,4780·517,4090·55
    19851,1800·338,9640·517,7830·55
    19861,1850·3110,9950·519,8110·55
    19871,1420·2811,6510·4910,5090·53
    19881,4850·3211,9190·4910,4340·53
    United States of AmericaJapanAustralia and New Zealand
    (d)(e)(f)
    £ millionper cent GNP£ millionper cent GNP£ millionper cent. GNP
    19803,0690·271,4410·323180·46
    19812,8510·191,5640·283540·40
    19824,6860·271,7270·285410·52
    19835,3270·242,4790·325370·46
    19846,5180·243,2320·346230·43
    19857,2530·242,9290·296190·46

    1986 of which ATP

    ATP as a Percentage

    Somalia3,941
    Sudan25,996
    Tanzania12,715
    Uganda8,576
    Yemen North (YAR)3,775
    Yemen South (PDRY)943
    Total99,3292,0492·07

    Of which ATP

    ATP as per cent.

    Eastern Africa

    1987
    Djibouti168
    Ethiopia8,554
    Kenya28,5132,97210·43
    Somalia7,292
    Sudan20,327
    Tanzania28,789
    Uganda12,180
    Yemen North (YAR)5,168
    Yemen South (PDRY)1,157
    Total112,1482,9722·66
    1988
    Djibouti134
    Ethiopia19,174
    Kenya49,4334,3838·37
    Somalia6,675
    Sudan25,829
    Tanzania33,502
    Uganda28,589
    Yemen North (YAR)6,6031,20318·23
    Yemen South (PDRY)444
    Total170,3835,5873·28

    To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs if he will publish the chart printed in the Official Report, 31 January, columns 191–92, in pounds sterling.

    United Kingdom

    EEC Countries1 (including United Kingdom)

    EEC Countries2 (excluding United Kingdom)

    (a)

    (b)

    (c)

    £ million

    per cent GNP

    £ million

    per cent GNP

    £ million

    per cent GNP

    19866,5230·233,8420·295640·44
    19875,4580·204,4800·314360·32
    19885,6930·215,1280·326770·44

    1EEC countries which are members of the DAC: Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Ireland2, Italy, Netherlands, United Kingdom.

    2Ireland not included in 1980 and 1981 as figures not available.

    To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs if, further to his reply, Official Report, 31 January, column 190, he will list those countries included under the headings South America, Africa and Asia and the middle east as being beneficiaries of United Kingdom bilateral aid and trade flows; and if he will list any other beneficiaries not classified under these three groupings.

    The following countries were beneficiaries of funds from the aid and trade provision in the period 1984–88:

    South America

    • Brazil
    • Colombia
    • Paraguay
    • Peru

    Africa

    • Botswana
    • Cameroon
    • Egypt
    • Kenya
    • Madagascar
    • Malawi
    • Mauritius
    • Mozambique
    • Tunisia
    • Zimbabwe

    Asia and Middle East

    • Burma
    • China
    • India
    • Indonesia
    • Jordan
    • Malaysia
    • Philippines
    • Sri Lanka
    • Thailand
    • Yemen Arab Republic

    Other Beneficiaries

    • Belize
    • Cyprus
    • Panama
    • Turkey
    • Leeward Islands

    Further details can be found in "British Aid Statistics 1984–88," a copy of which has been placed in the Library.

    1992

    To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs if he will make a statement as to the anticipated consequences for developing and under developed countries of the European Communities 1992 programme, in respect of their aid and trade relations with (a) the European Community, (b) individual European Community nations and (c) the United Kingdom.

    The creation of a single market in 1992 will not affect the way the European Community and individual member states decide their aid programmes to developing countries. The United Kingdom maintains a substantial and effective aid programme and will continue to do so. The single market programme will integrate the economies of the EC member states more closely. By removing barriers to trade and increasing the size of the market it should provide new opportunities for those of our trading partners outside the Community.

    Cambodia

    To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what is his policy on the Australian proposal to partition Cambodia into two zones, one held by the Khmer Rouge and the other by Phnom Penh.

    Senator Evans' proposal far a UN-administered interim authority in Cambodia pending free and fair elections does not envisage the partition of Cambodia. We strongly support the Australian initiative which the permanent members of the UN Security Council are actively pursuing.

    Rain Forest

    To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs when he hopes to meet non-governmental organisations on the rain forest; and if he will make a statement to the House subsequent to the meeting.

    My right hon. Friend the Minister for Overseas Development has regular contact with representatives of the non-governmental organisations on environmental matters including the rain forests. She or ODA officials are ready to meet NGO representatives at short notice if issues arise which require this.

    South Africa

    To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what representations he has made to the South African authorities concerning the human rights implications of the continued imprisonment of those persons who have refused to serve in the South African defence forces for reasons of faith.

    Mr. Waldegrave