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Written Answers

Volume 173: debated on Tuesday 5 June 1990

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Written Answers To Questions

Tuesday 5 June 1990

Northern Ireland

Old Cross, Newtownards

To ask the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland whether the restoration scheme of the Old Cross, Newtownards is completed; and if he will make a statement.

Anglo-Irish Agreement (Secretariat)

To ask the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland what nationality the present head of the British delegation at the Anglo-Irish Agreement secretariat at Maryfield has.

The present head of the British side of the Anglo-Irish secretariat is a British citizen, as are all other members of the British side.

Aliens

To ask the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland how many aliens are currently registered with the Royal Ulster Constabulary under the Immigration (Registration with Police) Regulations 1972, as amended.

Wetlands

To ask the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland whether, with regard to the Ramsar convention on the conservation of wetlands of international importance, Her Majesty's Government are required to designate sites under the Nature Conservation and Amenity Lands Order 1985 prior to designation under the Ramsar convention.

It is not a requirement of the Ramsar convention that wetland sites of international importance should be designated under the Nature Conservation and Amenity Lands (Northern Ireland) Order 1985 prior to designation under the Ramsar convention. It is United Kingdom Government policy to declare Ramsar sites after the areas have been given full protection under domestic legislation.

Development (Castlereagh East)

To ask the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland how many development projects are under construction without final planning permission in the electoral area of Castlereagh East; on what date each case came to his attention; on what date he made representations to each offending developer; and what action he has proposed in each case.

Grant-Aided Schools

To ask the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland how many schools in Northern Ireland are grant-aided.

To ask the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland how many schools in Northern Ireland do not receive grant aid; and on what grounds these schools fail to qualify for grant aid.

There are presently 19 independent schools registered with the Department of Education. These schools have been established outside the grant-aided system and so, by definition, do not receive assistance from public funds. The question of failing to qualify for grant aid does not therefore arise.

North Eastern Education And Library Board

To ask the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland if he will publish relevant references to the North Eastern education and library board from the Roy report into the financial end of maintenance.

I assume that the hon. Gentleman is referring to the report of the examination in late 1985 into practices and procedures in the engineering section of the North Eastern education and library board's architect's department. This report was commissioned by the board and presented to the board in 1985. The question of publication is therefore a matter for the board.

Attorney-General

Anton Piller Orders

To ask the Attorney-General whether he has any plans to review and propose amendments to the operation of Anton Piller orders; and if he will make a statement.

Clause 3 of the Courts and Legal Services Bill will allow a county court to make any order available in the High Court, subject to prescribed exceptions; but the Lord Chancellor intends to bring forward regulations under this clause in general restricting the power to grant Anton Piller orders to High Court judges.

Departmental Savings

To ask the Attorney-General what were the value-for-money savings in the Law Officers' Department's operations identified by internal audit and internal efficiency arrangements and by external audit and by management consultants retained by his Department between 1983–84 and 1988–89; and what is the amount of those savings fulfilled to date.

In the Treasury Solicitor's Department and the legal secretariat to the Law Officers the improvements resulting from inquiries and studies of the kind the hon. Gentleman mentions are taken into account in the setting of annual budgets and internal targets.

The Crown prosecution service was not created until 1986–87 and up to 1988–89 audit and consultants were mainly concerned with the setting up of effective systems for the service. Value-for-money savings identified and achieved on total running cost expenditure of £90 million in 1988–89 were small, but included purchasing savings estimated at £210,000.

The Serious Fraud Office became fully operational only in April 1988, and no such savings had been specifically identified during the period ending 31 March 1989.

To ask the Attorney-General what mechanisms exist in the Law Officers' Departments for identifying and tracking value-for-money savings in their operations.

In the Treasury Solicitor's Department and the legal secretariat to the Law Officers the mechanisms for identifying and tracking value-for-money savings include internal audit and staff inspection. In the Crown prosecution service they include internal audit, staff inspection, a system of performance indicators, returns from operational areas to HQ for public expenditure survey and estimates purposes, investment appraisal of information technology and capital projects, purchasing information systems, and monitoring by a new field directorate.The Serious Fraud Office became fully operational only in April 1988, and work is still in progress to develop performance indicators and other work measurement procedures to assist in identifying and achieving value-for-money savings.

The Arts

Public Libraries

To ask the Minister for the Arts if he has any plans to increase funding of public libraries.

The Government do not plan local authority spending on public libraries or on other services. Revenue support grant is paid in support of local authorities revenue expenditure generally. Within the "Other Services" block, local authorities estimate a total spend on public libraries of £488 million in 1990–91, an estimated increase of 4 per cent. over 1989–90.

Cryptogramic Botany

To ask the Minister of the Arts (1) if he will publish in the Official Report the remit of the diatom section of the department of cryptogramic botany in the British Museum (Natural History);(2) what assessment he has made of the consequences for current work on atmospheric pollution of the closure of the diatom section of the department of cryptogramic botany of the British Museum (Natural History);(3) if he will list the recent research achievements of the publications produced by the diatom section of the department of cryptogramic botany in the British Museum (Natural History).

I understand that there has never been a separate department of cryptogramic botany at the Natural History Museum, but always a single department of botany. I am also informed that future work on diatoms is planned as follows:

  • (a) Curation. Maintaining the collections and making them available to research workers worldwide. The museum recognises that it holds the finest collection of diatoms in the world, and it is vital that it is available for use by workers undertaking both environmental studies and basic research.
  • (b) Advisory Services. Assistance will continue to be given to researchers requiring advice on identification and associated literature.
  • (c) Research. Within the overall umbrella of the science departments, research on all protista (including diatoms) will be continued, but with a remit to examine inter-relationships between the different members of the group, to undertake marine stratigraphical analysis and to provide taxonomic information for the assessment of water quality in relation to ground-water studies and sewage treatment.
  • In addition, I understand that work on atmospheric pollution has been undertaken primarily in universities and has concentrated on examining the acidification of freshwater bodies. The Natural History Museum has acted either in an advisory capacity or has made the collections available for examination. The museum will continue to support such activities.I understand that recent achievements in diatom research have been predominately taxonomic, including descriptions of new species and revisions at the family and generic level. This has included the development of new approaches to evolutionary studies of diatoms based on the interpretation of molecular data, which has indicated new ways of examining fundamental questions regarding the protista. This work is being expanded into a more general review of phylogeny of the group.I detail in the table the 53 publications produced by the Natural History Museum diatom section since 1985.

    Publications of the diatom section of the Natural History Museum 1985–1990.

    Paddock, T. B. B. (1985). Observations and comments on the diatoms Surirella fastuosa and Campylodiscus fastuosus and on other species of similar appearance. Nova Hedwigia 41: 417–444.

    Paddock, T. B. B. (1986). Observations on the genus Stauropsis Meunier and related species. Diatom Research 1: 89–98.

    Paddock, T. B. B. (1988), Plagiotropis Pfitzer and Tropidoneis Cleve, a summary account. Bibliotheca Diatomologica, 16, 152pp, 38 pls.

    Kemp, K. D. and Paddock, T. B. B. (1988). Observations on the diatom genus Stigmaphora G. C. Wallich and two species of Mastogloia Thwaites ex W. Smith. In: F. E. Round (Editor), Proceedings of the 9th International Diatom Symposium, Koenigstein & Biopress Ltd, Bristol.

    Paddock, T. B. B. (1988). A description of some new species of the diatom genus Mastogloia Thwaites ex Wm. Smith with further observations on M. elegans Lewis and M. goessii (Cleve) Cleve. Diatom Research, 3: 109–121.

    Paddock, T. B. B. and Sims, P. A. (1988). Micromorphology and evolution of the keels of raphe-bearing diatoms. Systematics Assiociation Special Volume

    Kemp, K. D. and Paddock, T. B. B. (1989). Chambers within the valve of Diadema, gen. nov. Diatom Research, 4: 39–45. Goldman, N., Paddock, T. B. B. and Shaw, K. M. (1990). Quantitative analysis of shape variation in populations of Surirella fastuosa. Diatom Research, 5.

    Hasle, G. R. and Sims, P. A. (1985). The morphology of the diatom resting spores Syringidium bicorne and Syringidium simplex. British Phycological Journal, 20: 219–225.

    Ross, R. and Sims, P. A. (1985). Some genera of the Biddulphiacea (diatoms) with interlocking linking spines.

    Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) (Botany) 13: 277–381.

    Fryxell, G. A., Sims, P. A. and Watkins, T. P. (1986). Azpeitia (Bacillariophyceae): related genera and promorphology. Systematic Botany Monographs 13, 74pp.

    Hasle, G. R. and Sims, P. A. (1986). The diatom genus Stellarima and Symbolophora with comments on the genus Actinoptychus. British Phycological Journal 21: 97–114.

    Schoemam, F. R. and Archibald, R. E. M. and Sims, P. A. (1986). Observations on Amphora species (Bacillariophyceae) in the British Museum (Natural History). IV. Some species from the subgenus Diplamphora Cleve. Cryptoganie, Algologie 7: 9–21.

    Hasle, G. R. and Sims, P. A. (1986). The diatom genus Coscinodiscus Ehrenb. C. argus Ehrenb. and C. radiatus Ehrenb. Botanica Marina 29: 305–318.

    Sims, P. A. (1986). Sphynctolethus Hanna, Ailuretta gen nov., and evolutionary trends within the Hemiauloideae, Diatom Research 1: 241–269.

    Ross, R. and Sims, P. A. (1987) Further genera of the Biddulphiaceae (diatoms) with interlocking linking spines. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) ( Botany) 16: 269–311.

    Hendey, N. I. and Sims, P. A. (1987). Examination of some fossil Eupodiscoid diatoms with descriptions of two new species of Craspedoporus Greville. Diatom Research 2: 23–34.

    Sims, P. A. and Hasle, G. R. (1987). Two Cretaceous Stellarima species: S. steinyi and S. distincta; their morphology, palaeogeography and phylogeny. Diatom Research 2: 229–240.

    Hasle, G. R., Sims, P. A. and Syvertsen, E. E. (1988). Two recent Stellarima species: S. microtrias and S. stellaris (Bacillariophyceae). Botanica marina, 31: 195–206.

    Sims, P. A. and Ross, R. (1988). Some Cretaceous and Paleogene Trinacria (diatom) species. Bull, Br. Mus. nat. Hist. ( Bot.), 18: 275–322.

    Sims, P. A. (1988). The fossil genus Trochosira, its morphology, taxonomy and systematics. Diatom Research, 3: 245–257.

    see also Paddock, T. B. B. and Sims, P. A. (1988).

    Sims, P. A. (1989). Some cretaceous and paleocene species of Coscinodiscus: A micromorphological and systematic analysis. Diatom Research, 4: 351–371.

    Sims, P. A., Fryxell, G. A. and Baldauf, J. G. (1989). Critical examination of the diatom genus Azpeitia: Species useful as stratigraphic markers for the Oligocene and Miocene epochs. Micropaleontology, 35: 293–307.

    Sims, P. A. and Hasle, G. R. (1990). The formal establishment of the family Stellarimaceae Nikolaev ex Sims and Hasle. Diatom Research, 5.

    Sims, P. A. and Ross, R. (1990). Triceratium pulvinar and T. unguiculatum, two confused species. Diatom Research, 5.

    Hendey, N. I. and Sims, P. A. (In press). Some observations on variation in the valve structure of Asterolampra schmidtii Hajos, a useful stratigraphic marker for the early Oligocene. Nova Hedwigia, Beih.

    Crawford, R. M. and Sims, P. A. (1990). The morphology and taxonomy of the centric diatom genus Paralia. Paralia siberica comb. nov. Diatom Research, 5.

    Sims, P. A. (1990). The fossil diatom genus Fenestrella, its morphology, systematics and palaeogeography. Nova Hedwigia, Beih.

    Williams, D. M. (1985). Morphology, taxonomy and inter-relationships of the ribbed Araphid diatoms from the genera Diatoma and Meridion (Diatomaceae: Bacillariophyta). Bibliotheca Diatomologica 8: 1–228.

    Williams, D. M. (1985). Bacillariophyta. In:—Observations on the phytobenthos of the freshwater Thames. II. The floristic composition and distribution of the smaller algae using artificial surfaces. Arch. Hydrobiol. 103: 95–96.

    Hartley, B. (1986). [In collaboration with Ross, R. and Williams, D. M.] A check-list of the freshwater brackish and marine diatoms of the British Isles and adjoining coastal waters. Journal of the Marine Biological Association, U.K. 66: 531–610.

    Williams, D. M. (1986). Comparative morphology of some species of Synedra with a new definition of the genus. Diatom Research 1: 131–152.

    Williams, D. M. (1986). Proposal to conserve the generic name Tetracyclus against Biblarium (Bacillariophyta). Taxon 35: 730–731.

    Williams, D. M. and Round, F. E. (1986). Revision of the genus Synedra Ehrenb, Diatom Research 1: 313–339.

    Kociolek, J. P. and Williams, D. M. (1987). Unicell ontogeny and phylogeny: examples from the diatoms. Cladistics 3: 274–284.

    Williams, D. M. and Round, F. E. (1987). Revision of the genus Fragilaria. Diatom Research 2: 267–288.

    Williams, D. M. (1987). Observations on the genus Tetracyclus Ralfs (Bacillariophyta) I. Valve and girdle structure of the extant species. Brit. J. phycol. 22: 383–399.

    Williams, D. M. and Round, F. E. (1988). Phylogenetic Systematics of Synedra. In: F. E. Round (Editor), Proceedings of the 9th International Diatom Synposium, Koenigstein and Biopress Ltd., Bristol.

    Williams, D. M. (1988). Tabulariopsis, a new genus of marine araphid diatom, with notes on the taxonomy of Tabularia Williams et Round. Nova Hedwigia, 47: 247–254.

    Williams D. M. (1988). An illustrated catalogue of the type specimens in the Greville diatom herbarium. Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Bot.), 18: 1–148.

    Williams, D. M., B. Hartley, S. Juggins, R. Ross, M. Munro and R. W. Battarbeee. (1988). A coded check-list of British diatoms, Ensis Publishers.

    Williams, D. M. and F. E. Round. (1988). Fragilariforma, nom. nov., a new generic name for Neofragilaria Williams and Round. Diatom Research 3: 265–266.

    Williams, D. M. (1989). Cavitatus D. M. Williams, nov. gen.: A new genus of fossil diatom (Bacillariophyta) based on Synedra jouseana Sheshukova-Poretskaya. Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol., 58: 357–362.

    Williams D. M. (1989). Publication of new and revised taxa: A guide to the International Code of Botanical nomenclatural. J. Palaeolimnol., 2: 55–59.

    Williams, D. M. (1989). Observations on the genus Tetracyclus Ralfs (Bacillariophyta) II. Morphology and taxonomy of some species from the genus Stylobiblium. Brit. phycol J., 24: 317–327

    Kociolek, J. P., Theriot, E. C. and Williams, D. M. (1989). Inferring diatom phylogeny: A cladistic perspective. Diatom Research, 4: 289–300.

    Williams, D. M., R. W. Scotland, and S. Blackmore. (1990). Is there a direct ontogenetic criterion in systematics? Biol. J. Linn. Soc., 39: 99–108.

    Williams, D. M. and Li Jiaying. (1990). Observations on the genus Tetracyclus Ralfs (Bacillariophyta) III. Description of two new species from Chinese fossil deposits. Brit. Phycol J..

    Williams, D. M. (1990). Examination of auxospore valves in Tetracyclus from fossil specimens and the establishment of their identity. Diatom Research, 5.

    Williams, D. M. (1990). Distrionella D. M. Williams, nov. gen. a new araphid diatom genus related to Diatoma Bory. Arch. Protist., 138.

    Williams, D. M. (1990). Cladistic analysis of some freshwater araphid diatoms with particular reference to Diatoma and Meridion. Plant Syst. Evol.

    Williams. D. M. (1990). Phylogenetic relationships among the Chromista: A review and preliminary analysis. Cladistics.

    Williams. D. M. Submitted. Phylogenies in the algal kingdom Chronista: Evidence from molecular data. Mol. Evol. Biol.

    British Library

    To ask the Minister for the Arts what is to be the future of the new British Library at St. Pancras.

    I announced yesterday that the exercise to design a concluding phase to the new British Library building at St. Pancras within £90 million at 1988 prices has been successfully achieved. Construction of some elements of the completion phase will commence almost immediately and the whole will be ready for occupation in 1996.Included in the design is a magnificent new setting for George III's "King's Library" in a six storey glass-fronted bookcase set in the focal point of the building, where it will be visible from all sides. A model and artist's impressions of the completed building will be on display in the summer exhibition of the Royal Academy. For the next few months, there will also be an exhibition in the portico of the building at the St. Pancras site.The authorised cost of the completion phase will in cash terms be about £150 million, which includes allowances for inflation. Together with the £300 million already authorised for the first phase of the building currently under construction, this will bring the total cost of the British Library project to about £450 million. This clearly demonstrates the Government's continued dedication to excellence in the arts. The funding of the new British Library at St. Pancras does not have any effect on Government funding of the remainder of the arts.The British Library will start to move books into the basement bookstacks at St. Pancras by the middle of 1991, the first reading room will open in early 1993 and the first phase of the building will be operational by the middle of 1993. The completed building will be fully operational by mid-1996 and the board of the British Library has confirmed that it will meet the library's key requirements.

    Natural History Museum

    To ask the Minister for the Arts what are the admission figures for the Natural History Museum for any convenient period since 1 January.

    [holding answer 23 May 1990]: I am advised that the monthly admission figures for the Natural History Museum since 1 January 1990 are as follows:-

    Number
    January86,200
    February153,000
    March103,000
    April128,000

    Gelman Collection

    To ask the Minister for the Arts what assessment he has made of the possibility of the Gelman collection currently on show at the Royal Academy staying in Britain.

    [holding answer 24 May 1990]: I understand from the Royal Academy, which has been responsible for the arrangement for the current exhibition, that the Gelman collection has proved to be very popular and will be shown until 15 July. I was pleased to cover the insurance requirements under my Government indemnity scheme. Any further arrangements will, of course, be a matter for the owner of the collection, Mrs. Gelman.

    Civil Service

    Agencies

    To ask the Minister for the Civil Service whether there have been any additions to the list of candidates for agency status in the last five months.

    During the last five months two new activities, social security contributions and the Chessington computer centre, have been added to the list of candidates for agency status. In the same period 21 candidates from the list have been set up as agencies. There are now 31 established agencies and 24 announced candidates. The project manager will continue to work with Departments to identify other suitable candidates.

    To ask the Minister for the Civil Service if there have been any new agencies set up since he last reported to the House; and if he will make a statement.

    I am pleased to announce that since I last reported to the House the Ordnance Survey has been launched as an executive agency. This brings the total set up to 31, covering nearly 70,000 staff.

    To ask the Minister for the Civil Service when he expects that the current list of candidates for agency status will have been converted into agencies; and if he will make a statement.

    Target dates for the establishment of announced candidates as executive agencies are a matter for the Minister concerned. However, generally we continue to make good progress in implementing this initiative and I would expect that by the end of 1991 "next steps" will have been applied to at least half the civil service.

    Departmental Savings

    To ask the Minister for the Civil Service what mechanisms exist in the OMCS for identifying and tracking value-for-money savings in its operations.

    The search for year-on-year efficiency gains is an integral part of the OMCS annual planning and budgeting exercise. The system also allows for regular monitoring of progress towards targets, and their achievement.

    To ask the Minister for the Civil Service what were the value-for-money savings in his Department's operations identified by internal audit and internal efficiency arrangements by external audit and by management consultants retained by his Department between 1983–84 and 1988–89; and what is the amount of those savings fulfilled to date.

    The identification of value-for-money targets is an integral part of the annual OMCS planning and budgeting exercise even though those targets have not always been expressed in purely financial terms. Value-for-money improvements, including purchasing savings, of £3·015 million have been achieved between 1985–86 and 1988–89, although it is not possible to identify the separate contributions made by each of the means of study mentioned.

    Overseas Development

    Education Conference, Thailand

    To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs if he will make a statement regarding the conclusions made at, and outcome of, the world conference on education for all, held in Thailand on 5 to 9 March.

    The ultimate goal affirmed by the world declaration on education for all is to meet the basic learning needs of all children, youth and adults. Countries have been advised of a variety of interim targets towards this end taking account of local circumstances. The conference was a constructive one with a general emphasis on the importance of the role of education throughout the whole range of social, technical and economic development. The World Bank, the United Nations international children's emergency fund, and the United Nations development programme, to all of which her Majesty's Government are a major contributor, and the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation have all agreed to increase support for education especially at the basic level.

    To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what commitment Her Majesty's Government have made towards achieving the goals of basic primary education for every child, and reducing worldwide levels of illiteracy in response to the world conference on education for all held in Thailand in March; what is the current funding for such goals; and what intention there is to increase funding for these purposes.

    In addition to the use of its contributions to the World Bank, the United Nations international children's emergency fund and the United Nations development programme, Her Majesty's Government are ready to respond to the wishes of developing country Governments, who are themselves responsible for deciding the priority they wish to give to expenditure on basic education in relation to other priorities they may have.In 1988, the latest year for which final figures are available, £6·5 million of capital aid from our bilateral aid programme was spent on education, with £1·1 million specifically on primary education. In the same year further expenditure on technical co-operation (for example staff, training and books) and including some £45 million provided to the British Council, was about £95 million, with £2·6 million specifically for primary education and adult literacy. Help given across the whole spectrum of education by, for example, the provision of key personnel in a Ministry of Education, will have a considerable effect on individual sectors. It is likely that the consequences of the conference on education for all will, by encouraging developing country Governments to give higher priority to basic education, enable us to expand more easily our bilateral support for primary education and adult literacy programmes, the latter with a particular emphasis on education for women.

    Tropical Forestry Action Plan

    To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs when the tropical forestry action plan was last reviewed at a meeting of Economic Community Development Ministers; and if he will make a statement.

    On 29 May, European Community Development Ministers discussed the preservation, rehabilitation and sustainable development of tropical forests, including the role of the tropical forestry action plan. The final resolution welcomed the review of the TFAP now under way, and at my suggestion was amended to ensure that at a future meeting Ministers will consider the results of the review and how the TFAP can be made more effective.

    Prime Minister

    Cyprus

    Q75.

    To ask the Prime Minister what plans she has to meet the Prime Minister of Greece to discuss the current situation in Cyprus.

    I reviewed the situation in Cyprus with Mr. Mitsotakis, the Prime Minister of Greece, during his working visit to London on 16 May.

    European Council

    Q147.

    To ask the Prime Minister what issues she intends to raise at the next meeting of the European Council; and if she will make a statement.

    I expect discussion of a range of issues, including developments in eastern and central Europe, the 1992 single market programme, institutional questions, and co-operation on drugs and the environment.

    Engagements

    To ask the Prime Minister if she will list her official engagements for Tuesday 5 June.

    To ask the Prime Minister if she will list her official engagements for Tuesday 5 June.

    To ask the Prime Minister if she will list her official engagements for Tuesday 5 June.

    This morning I presided at a meeting of the Cabinet and had meetings with ministerial colleagues and others. In addition to my duties in the House, I shall be having further meetings later today. This evening I hope to have an audience of Her Majesty the Queen.

    Secretary Of State For Energy

    To ask the Prime Minister if she will list the full duties of the Secretary of State for Energy in April 1990; and what additional responsibilities have now been given to him.

    In April 1990 the Secretary of State for Energy had overall responsibility for the work of the Department of Energy. He now has additional responsibility for co-ordinating the development of the presentation of Government policies.

    To ask the Prime Minister what are to be the new cross-departmental co-ordination functions of the Secretary of State for Energy; how many civil servants will assist him in this work; and if she will make a statement.

    I refer the hon. Member to the reply that I gave to the right hon. Member for Swansea, West (Mr. Williams) on 24 May at column 286.

    Plutonium

    To ask the Prime Minister whether there have been any periods of defence plutonium production subsequent to that mentioned in her reply to the right hon. Member for Yeovil (Mr. Ashdown) of 19 February 1985, Official Report, columns 406–07; and whether the policy outlined in her answer continues to be that of Her Majesty's Government.

    The policy of Her Majesty's Government remains unchanged. Production of plutonium for defence purposes is kept at the minimum level required to meet defence needs. It would not be in the national interest to give details.

    Tobacco

    To ask the Prime Minister if she will raise at the next meeting of the European Council the sums being expended by the European Economic Community on the growth and export of high-tar tobacco.

    The Government are concerned at the grave consequences on health of smoking cigarettes and other forms of tobacco both in Europe and in the Third world.We have long been critical of the Community's CAP tobacco regime. We have consistently argued that support for this crop should be reduced. We were successful in securing the introduction in 1988 of measures to reduce expenditure and discourage the production of the less-marketable and higher-tar varieties, for example through the stabiliser mechanism. Further reductions in support for certain of the less marketable varieties were agreed in this year's price-fixing negotiations.Our objective is less production, reduced intervention and less subsidised export of the higher-tar varieties. We shall take every opportunity to continue to pursue this policy in future negotiations.

    Advisers

    To ask the Prime Minister if she will introduce legislation to provide opposition parties with funds for the payment of advisers comparable with those sums spent by the Cabinet Office on advisers who are not career civil servants.

    No. Opposition parties are already given financial assistance for support in respect of their parliamentary duties.

    To ask the Prime Minister what restrictions exist on the spending of public money on prime ministerial advisers who are not career civil servants; and if she will make a statement.

    Such costs, like the other costs of my office, are kept under close scrutiny and are restricted to what is necessary.

    Workplace Nurseries

    To ask the Prime Minister how many whole-time equivalent civil servants are currently employed; and how many whole-time equivalent workplace nursery places are currently provided for children of civil servants.

    On 1 October 1989, the latest date for which figures are available, there were 565,075 whole-time civil servants. On 20 March this year the Department of Social Security opened a workplace nursery in Hertford which offers 12 whole-time places. Six more nurseries are expected to open later this year.

    Energy Consumption

    To ask the Prime Minister if she will give the number of dedicated energy managers in the Cabinet Office and the number of person years devoted to energy management in the latest year.

    In most buildings occupied by the Cabinet Office other Departments are the main occupiers and have their own staff responsible for energy management within the building. The Cabinet Office itself has one part-time energy manager.

    To ask the Prime Minister if she will give the number of energy audits carried out in the Cabinet Office in the last five years and for each audit a statement of its main conclusions.

    No energy audits have so far been undertaken, but three are currently under consideration for buildings where the Cabinet Office is the major occupier.

    To ask the Prime Minister if he will give for each year from 1978 the energy consumption, broken down by fuel, of the buildings occupied by the Cabinet Office, expressing the figures in (a) cash terms, (b) 1978–79 money terms and (c) units of consumption for electricity in kilowatt hours, gas in therms, liquid fuel in litres and solid fuel in tonnes.

    The figures requested are available only in cash and 1978–79 money terms and only for the following years:

    ElectricityGasLiquid Fuel
    £££
    1987–88268,52374,79756,511
    1(130,870)(36,454)1(27,542)
    1988–89294,48553,90439,906
    1(133,982)(24,525)(18,156)
    1989–90295,12656,575242,000
    1(125,078)1(24,169)1(17,942)
    1 Denotes 1978–79 money terms.
    2 Estimate.

    Mr Colin Wallace

    To ask the Prime Minister when she expects to reply to the letter to her, dated 23 April, from Mr. Colin Wallace, on Clockwork Orange.

    Departmental Savings

    To ask the Prime Minister what were the value-for-money savings in operations identified by internal audit and internal efficiency arrangements, by external audit and by management consultants retained by her office between 1983–84 and 1988–89; and what was the amount of those savings fulfilled to date.

    The information for my office is not held separately, but is contained in the overall figure for the office of the Minister for the Civil Service. The identification of value-for-money targets is an integral part of the annual OMCS planning and budgeting exercise even though those targets have not always been expressed in purely financial terms. Value-for-money improvements including purchasing savings, of £3·015 million have been achieved between 1985–86 and 1988–89, although it is not possible to identify the separate contributions made by each of the means of study mentioned.

    To ask the Prime Minister what mechanisms exist in (a) her office and (b) the Cabinet Office for identifying and tracking value-for-money savings in their operations.

    The search for year-on-year efficiency gains is an integral part of the planning and budgeting system in both my office and the Cabinet Office. The system also allows for regular monitoring of progress towards targets, and their achievements.

    National Finance

    Balance Of Payments

    To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer (1) what is his estimate of the long-term and short-term capital account of the balance of payments deficit;(2) if he will include in the balance of payments figure either monthly or quarterly the long-term capital account deficit;(3) if he will make available to hon. Members figures on the long and short-term capital account deficit when they are available to the Treasury; and if he will make a statement.

    The available information on the main categories of financial transaction in the capital account of the balance of payments are published regularly each quarter by the Central Statistical Office in the balance of payments press notice and in Economic Trends; both publications are available in the Library. It is not particularly meaningful to distinguish between long-term and short-term capital flows.

    To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what assessment he has made of the relative impact on exchange rates and the balance of payments of (a) capital flows and (b) trade flows; and if he will make a statement.

    In the absence of measurement error, capital flows and flows on the current account necessarily sum to zero. The effects, if any, of such flows on the exchange rate will depend on present and expected future policies.

    Balance Of Payments

    To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what is his latest estimate of the deficit on the basic balance of the balance of payments.

    The available information on the United Kingdom balance of payments, covering both the current account and the main categories of financial transactions in the capital account, is published in the Central Statistical Office's quarterly press notice on the balance of payments and in Economic Trends, both of which are available in the Library. The concept of a basic balance is not particularly meaningful.

    To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what is the total private sector deficit accumulated since 1979 because of trade imbalance on the balance of payments.

    Figures relating to the private sector and public corporations in respect of the balance of invisibles are published in tables A4 (trade in services and investment income) and A7 (transfers) of Economic Trends, March 1990 (pages 82 and 87), which is available in the Library. With the exception of defence equipment (mainly imported), most of visible trade (table A2 of the above publication) is undertaken mainly by the private sector and public corporations.

    Investment Levels

    To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what the level of manufacturing investment was in the first quarter of the current year.

    To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what the level of manufacturing investment was in the first quarter of 1990.

    The provisional estimate of manufacturing investment in the first quarter of 1990 is £3,091 million, at 1985 prices and seasonally adjusted. This is 1 per cent. higher than the previous quarter and 9 per cent. higher than the first quarter of 1989.

    To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer when he last met the Confederation of British Industry; and whether levels of investment were discussed.

    My right hon. Friend the Chancellor addressed the CBI's annual dinner on 17 May at which a range of subjects were discussed. This speech referred to the record rise in investment over the last three years, which he naturally welcomed. While he recognised the difficulties of the current slowdown in demand and output, he took the opportunity to urge British business to invest wherever it can.

    European Monetary System

    To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what steps he is taking to assess potential effects on British exports to the European Community of full membership of the European monetary system.

    We will join the ERM when the Government's conditions have been met. All the potential effects of membership are, of course, kept under review.

    Manufacturing Exports

    To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what were the United Kingdom manufacturing export figures for the last two years; and if he will make a statement.

    Exports of manufactured goods on a balance of payments basis for the past two years were:

    £ billion
    198864·9
    198975·2
    Exports of manufactures have continued to grow strongly in 1990: in the first quarter they were 15 per cent. higher by value than in the same quarter a year earlier.

    Manufacturers' Output Prices

    To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what assessment he has made of the causes of the increase in manufacturers' output prices during 1989 and of the effect of the price rises on the economy.

    The increase in manufacturers' output prices reflects exceptional growth of demand over the last two years. Inflation damages the economy by increasing uncertainty, discouraging investment, and reducing profitability. It undermines industrial relations and reduces confidence in the management of the economy, at home and abroad. The Government's tight monetary and fiscal policy will ensure that inflation falls.

    Non-North Sea Gdp

    To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what proportion of non-North sea money, gross domestic product, non-North sea taxes, national insurance contributions and the poll tax represented in 1989–90; and what is the planned proportion in 1990–91.

    It is estimated that non-North sea taxes, national insurance contributions and community charge in 1989–90 amounted to 36¾ per cent. of non-North sea GDP (adjusted to remove the distortion due to the abolition of domestic rates). The Budget forecast for the comparable figure in 1990–91 is 37 per cent.

    Departmental Staff

    To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer how many staff are employed by his Department; and what proportion of them are employed in each of the standard regions.

    The number of industrial and non-industrial staff employed by the Treasury (including the Civil Service Catering Organisation) totalled 3,181 on 1 April 1989. The proportion employed in each standard region is as follows:

    Per cent
    South-East81·8
    South-West3·7
    West Midlands0·4
    North-West1·5
    Northern0·7
    Yorkshire and Humberside0·7
    East Midlands0·3
    East Anglia5·8
    Wales1·9
    Scotland3·0
    Northern Ireland0·0
    Elsewhere (abroad)0·1

    Exchange Rate Mechanism

    To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer when he expects the Madrid conditions for exchange rate mechanism participation to be satisfied.

    I refer the hon. Member to the answer my right hon. Friend the Chancellor of the Exchequer gave to the hon. Member for Birkenhead (Mr. Field) on 26 April, Official Report, column 475.

    To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what recent discussions he has had with European Community Governments concerning United Kingdom entry into the exchange rate mechanism of the European monetary system.

    My right hon. Friend the Chancellor of the Exchequer regularly discusses a wide range of economic matters with European Community Governments.

    Income Tax

    To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer if he will publish his estimates of the number of individuals presently paying income tax in (a) England and (b) Wales.

    The estimated number of individuals resident in England and liable to income tax is 20·4 million for 1987–88, the latest available year. The corresponding estimate for Wales is 940,000. Married women are included where their earned income exceeds the wife's earned income allowance and any personal allowances and reliefs unused against the husband's income.

    To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what is his latest estimate of the percentage of the population of the United Kingdom who do not pay any income tax.

    In 1990–91 it is estimated that about 45 per cent. of those aged 18 and over in the United Kingdom are not liable to pay income tax. Some may, however, receive interest on deposits in banks and building society accounts on which non-reclaimable composite rate tax has been paid. The estimate is based on a projection of the 1987–88 survey of personal income and is provisional.

    Trading And Capital Account Deficit

    To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer how the total trading and capital account deficit which has accumulated since 1979 has been financed.

    The available information on the current account (trade in goods and services, investment income and transfers) and on the capital account (transactions in external financial assets and liabilities) of the balance of payments are given in table A 1 of Economic Trends, March 1990 (page 79), a copy of which is in the Library.

    To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what is the total deficit accumulated since 1979 because of capital account deficits on the balance of payments.

    The available information on the capital account of the balance of payments (transactions in external financial assets and liabilities) is given in table A8 of Economic Trends, March 1990 (page 88), a copy of which is in the Library.

    Contract Cleaners

    To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what have been the average wages of service contract cleaners for each of the past 10 years.

    The average rate for those on contract to Government Departments is a matter for the contractor concerned and will depend on a number of factors.

    To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer if he has received the NUCPS report entitled, "Contract Cleaners—the Lowest Paid"; and if he will make a statement.

    The NUCPS report "Contract Cleaners—the Lowest Paid" has not yet reached the Treasury.

    Taxation (Savings)

    To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer if he will list all those taxes which apply to savings with the tax take in each case for the latest year for which figures are available.

    The tax liability in 1990–91 on investment income received by individual savers, including interest received on bank and building society accounts, national savings and dividends received from companies, is estimated at £10·5 billion. Tax reliefs on debt interest, for example mortgage interest relief, are excluded.Other taxes relevant to savings are capital gains tax, inheritance tax and stamp duty. Forecasts of receipts in 1990–91 for each of these taxes are in table 1·2 of the 1990–91 Financial Statement and Budget Report. Not all these yields are derived from savings.

    Mortgage Tax Relief

    To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what he estimates would be the cost to the Treasury of providing tax relief for first-time buyers on their mortgages at double the present rate of relief, at current prices.

    I regret that information on mortgage interest relief for first-time buyers is not available.

    To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what was the cost to the Treasury of mortgage tax relief for the years 1987, 1988 and 1989.

    Estimates for financial years are as follows:

    Value of Mortgage interest relief
    Year£ million
    1987–884,900
    >11988–895,400
    11989–906,900
    1 Provisional.

    Child Benefit

    To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer how many working families with children receive more in child benefit than they pay in income tax, distinguishing between two and one-parent families.

    In 1990–91 an estimated 900,000 families with heads in full or part-time employment will receive more in child benefit than they pay in income tax. Almost half the families have insufficient income to be liable to income tax. A total of 600,000 are two-parent families and 300,000 are single parents. Estimates are based on a projection of the 1987 family expenditure survey and are subject to revision.

    Ec Contributions

    To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what percentage of the total net contributions to the European Economic Community was borne by the United Kingdom in the most recent annual period for which figures are available; and if he will publish a table showing the net contributions or net receipts in respect of each member state.

    The "Statement on the 1990 Community Budget" (Cm. 1059) includes an estimate of £2,175 million for the United Kingdom's net contribution to the European Economic Community in 1990. It is not possible to express this amount as a percentage of total net contributions as the net balances of member states will sum to zero after allowance is made for unallocated expenditure (mainly aid and some administration), miscellaneous revenue and budget surpluses.Comparable information about the net balances of other member states is not available.

    Energy Consumption

    To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer if he will give for each year from 1978 the energy consumption, broken down by fuel, of the buildings occupied by his Department, expressing the figures in (a) cash terms, (b) 1978–79 money terms and (c) units of consumption for electricity in kilowatt hours, gas in therms, liquid fuel in litres and solid fuel in tonnes.

    I gave the hon. Member the figures for 1989 in current terms in my answers of 30 April, Official Report, column 444, and 14 May, Official Report, column 274. Figures for previous years are not available.

    To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer if he will give the number of dedicated energy managers in his Department and the number of person years devoted to energy management in the latest year.

    Energy management responsibilities form part of the duties of several officials with the major co-ordinating role being undertaken by a senior executive officer. The total time devoted to these duties is currently estimated to be 0·2 man years per year. This figure is expected to increase.

    Tax Evasion

    To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what is his estimate of the amount lost to the Exchequer by tax evasion in each of the main categories of taxation; and what this is expressed as a number of pence on the basic rate of tax.

    Finance Bill

    To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer when he intends to publish in draft form the regulations provided for in clause 60 of the Finance Bill (capital movements between residents of member states); and if he will make a statement.

    The Board of Inland Revenue announced in a press release on 19 April 1990 that it was hoped to publish the regulations governing the reporting requirement introduced by clause 60 of the Finance Bill (for certain transactions) shortly. I have today authorised the publication of the draft regulations. The Inland Revenue is issuing a press release giving further details.

    South Africa

    To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what representations he has made to the International Monetary Fund about the need for further debt reduction for front-line states in South Africa; and if he will make a statement.

    To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what plans he has to meet representatives of the front-line South African states to discuss debt reduction.

    My right hon. Friend has no plans to meet representatives of the front-line South African states.

    United Kingdom manufacturing investment (including leased assets) £ million 1985 prices
    YearActual investmentDifference from 1978–79 average1979 investment projected at 1974–79 average rate of change (2·1 per cent.)Difference from actual level1979 investment projected at year on year percentage changes1 for:
    (a)(a)—£10,937(b)(a)—(b)JapanFranceUSAWest GermanyOECD2
    197911,158+22111,158311,15811,15811,1583
    19809,920-1,01711,392-1,472311,95011,30111,9393
    19817,735-3,20211,631-3,896311,10210,20511,3833
    19827,603-3,33411,875-4,272310,4478,36810,3023
    19837,541-3,39612,125-4,584310,1659,84910,4463
    19848,922-2,01512,379-3,457310,29711,10010,3003
    198510,264-67312,639-2,375310,9669,99011,6803
    19869,654-1,28312,905-3,251311,31710,07012,7893
    198710,142-79513,176-3,034312,0873
    198811,334+39713,453-2,11933
    198912,043+1,10613,735-1,69233

    1 Source: OECD National Accounts Volume 2 1974–87. The percentage changes are based on figures, at 1980 prices, of gross fixed capital formation by owners engaged in manufacturing. The coverage is therefore not exactly comparable to the United Kingdom figures which differ, in particular, by the inclusion of leased assets.

    2 Figures of gross fixed capital formation in manufacturing are not available for a number of OECD countries. It is not possible to produce average change figures covering the group of countries for which figures are available because all figures are expressed in national currencies.

    3 Not available.

    Civil Service

    To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer if he will give figures for 1979–80 and each subsequent year on (a) the cost of the civil service and (b) the average cost for each civil servant; and if he will break down the average cost for each civil servant into pay, national insurance, superannuation, and other costs such as office space, heating, lighting, car allowance, travel allowance, etc.

    Table 1
    1980–811981–821982–831983–841984–851985–861986–871987–881988–891989–90
    Departmental running costs in £ million16,8007,7008,4009,65010,20010,70011,35212,00912,69813,680
    Average full-time staff included in running costs2 of which:712,200693,900675,100654,900639,300633,700634,700622,500608,000602,900
    Civil Service625,600608,700590,900571,400556,300550,600551,600540,300527,200525,700
    Armed Forces58,00058,00058,00058,00058,00058,00058,00057,00056,00053,000
    Northern Ireland Civil Service28,60027,20026,20025,50025,00025,10025,10025,20024,80024,200
    Running costs £ per head9,54811,09712,44314,73515,95516,88517,88619,29220,88522,690
    1 Departmental running costs comprise pay and national insurance costs, personnel overheads (including travel allowances), accommodation costs, office and other services. They do not include notional accruing pensions liability, pensions in payment or capital expenditure.

    Manufacturing Investment

    To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer (1) at 1989 prices, how much higher or lower manufacturing investment would have been in each year since 1978–79 (a) had the level of 1978–79 been maintained and (b) had the average rate of change from 1974 to 1979 been maintained;(2) at 1989 prices

    (a) what manufacturing investment would have been had it maintained 1978–79 levels in each subsequent year, (b) what manufacturing investment would have been in each year since 1978–79 had it changed at the same rate as in (i) Japan, (ii) the United States of America, (iii) West Germany, (iv) France and (v) OECD average level; and (c) what manufacturing investment was in each year since 1978–79.

    [holding answer 21 May 1990]: A 1989 constant price series for manufacturing investment is not available. The table provides the available information at 1985 prices.

    [holding answer 21 May 1990]: Civil service running costs control was introduced only in 1986–87 and these costs have not been recorded to the level of detail requested. Due to coverage changes, comparable figures prior to 1980–81 are not available, and those for the years prior to 1986–87 have had to be estimated to the nearest £50 million. Table 1 sets out total running costs on current coverage, the number of full-time staff covered and the cost per head for the year indicated.

    2 Figures for average levels of full-time staff in post across the year. They exclude staff in trading funds for example HMSO, and other areas now exempted from gross running cost control (Cm. 1021 Ch. 21.3.16 refers). Although most of the armed forces are also outside running costs, those personnel engaged in headquarters and support activities are included.

    Table 2 shows the average man-year cost for the years from 1986–87 when casual staff and overtime are added, and analyses the cost by major components.

    Table 2

    1986–87

    1987–88

    1988–89

    1988–89

    £

    £

    £

    £

    Running costs per man year15,53216,85118,17219,470
    Comprising: Pay costs9,87410,75111,63312,338
    Personnel overheads1,2761,4561,5161,580
    Accommodation costs1,8671,9382,1812,501
    Office services (eg telecommunications)1,2221,3791,4161,584
    Other services (eg contract services)1,2931,3271,4261,467

    Public Sector Labour Costs

    To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer if he will give the latest figures available for the total annual cost and the average annual cost of full-time equivalent posts in (a) the National Health Service, (b) the civil service, (c) local government and (d) all remaining public sector work forces, including nationalised industries; and if he will break down the average cost for a full-time equivalent post into pay, national insurance, superannuation and other costs.

    [holding answer 21 May 1990]: Figures for the total annual cost and the average annual cost of full-time equivalent posts in the civil service, together with an analysis of average civil service man-year costs is given in another question tabled by my hon. Friend which I am also answering today. Comparable information for the National Health Service, local government and all remaining public sector work forces is not available.The CSO publication "United Kingdom National Accounts" shows expenditure on income from employment (wages and salaries, including employers' contributions to national insurance and superannuation) for local authorities and public corporations in table 2·5. For the National Health Service this information is shown under "Health" in table 9·4.Information on the number of employees on a full-time equivalent basis in each sector is given in an article in

    Economic Trends, December 1989 edition.

    Any broad averages of per capita remuneration costs derived from these sources must be interpreted with great caution. Cost and employment figures are subject to differences in definition and coverage.

    Public Appointments

    To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer if he will list the full-time and part-time public appointments for which he is responsible, together with the salary and the date when each appointment is due for renewal.

    [holding answer 23 May 1990]: Details of appointments made by the Treasury are published annually in "Public Bodies" and "Women into Public Appointments". "Public Bodies" is available in the Library of the House. The latest edition of "Women into Public Appointments" is to be published next month. A copy will be placed in the Library.

    Education, Police And Fire Services

    To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, pursuant to his answer to questions from the hon. Member for Bedfordshire, North (Sir T. Skeet), of 27 April, Official Report, columns 355–56, if he will break down the figures given for the effect on (a) income tax and (b) value added tax of transferring services from local government to central Government between (i) education, (ii) police and (iii) fire.

    [holding answer 23 May 1990]: Pursuant to my reply to my hon. Friend the Member for Bedfordshire, North (Sir T. Skeet) of 27 April, the total costs of education, the police and the fire service (including civil defence) in 1990–91 would be around £18 billion, £5 billion and £1 billion respectively, if local authorities spent in line with total standard spending in England and Wales and total current expenditure in Scotland. If this expenditure were transferred to central Government, with no change to revenue support grant and specific grants for the police and fire service eliminated, this would imply additional expenditure of around £18 billion on education, £2·4 billion on police and £1 billion on fire and civil defence. These sums are equivalent to increases of around 12p, 1½p and ½p respectively in the basic rate of income tax or to increases of 9, 1 and ½ percentage points respectively in the VAT rate.

    Income

    To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer if he will publish in the Official Report a table giving the percentage increase in (a) income from employment, (b) income from self-employment, (c) rent, dividends and interest, (d) social security benefits and (e) personal disposable income, between 1978–79 and 1989–90, giving the contribution of each towards personal disposable income.

    [holding answer 24 May 1990]: Estimates in respect of the first quarter of 1990 will be published in late June. The most up-to-date comparison available, for calendar years 1978 to 1989, gives the following percentage increases and percentages of personal disposable income:

    Percentage change 1989 on 1978

    As a percentage of personal1 disposable income

    1978

    1989

    Income from employment+1838782
    Income from self-employment+2551214
    Rent, dividends and interest+2581113
    Social security benefits+1911413
    Personal disposable income+202

    1 Personal disposable income is total personal income less taxes, social security contributions and certain transfer payments.

    Energy

    Overhead Power Cables

    To ask the Secretary of State for Energy what assessments have been made of the environmental hazards of overhead power cables for those who live directly beneath; and if he will make a statement.

    I understand there has been a very small number of cases over many years of overhead line conductors breaking and falling across houses without causing any injury.Any electrical conductor, whether forming part of an overhead line, underground cable, or the wiring and appliances in the home creates an electric and magnetic field in its vicinity. Some scientists have claimed that these fields affect human health. Research on this has been going on worldwide for over 10 years and to date has not identified any serious risk.In the United Kingdom a major research programme is continuing which is being funded and carried out by the National Grid Company. previously part of the CEGB, mostly using independent laboratories.

    Nuclear Electric

    To ask the Secretary of State for Energy if he will list those matters relating to the work of Nuclear Electric on which it is his policy to answer parliamentary questions; and how this differs from his former policy in relation to the work of the Central Electricity Generating Board.

    My policy is unchanged. Questions which relate to the operational management of Nuclear Electric plc remain a matter for the company.

    Insulation

    To ask the Secretary of State for Energy what is his Department's estimate of the saving in electricity demand which would result from insulation to the highest standards being advocated by his Department of (a) 33 per cent., (b) 50 per cent., (c) 66 per cent., (d) 75 per cent. and (e) 90 per cent. of all homes in England and Wales.

    A recent estimate has indicated that if all cost-effective insulation measures were applied, where relevant, to the housing stock in England and Wales 5·5TWh of electricity, used in space and water heating, could be saved. This represents 2·4 per cent. of the total electricty consumed in England and Wales.However, householders are likely to opt at least in part for greater warmth rather than simply saving energy.

    Nuclear Waste

    To ask the Secretary of State for Energy (1) when the vitrification plant for the solidification of high-level radioactive waste, presently under construction at British Nuclear Fuels, Sellafield, will be completed and commissioned; and if he will make a statement;(2) when the store for receipt of the sealed canisters of vitrified high-level radioactive waste at British Nuclear Fuels, Sellafield, will be completed and commissioned; and if he will make a statement.

    I understand from British Nuclear Fuels plc that the vitrification plant will be completed during June this year and that commissioning is expected by January 1991. The vitrified product store has already been completed and commissioning is expected by October 1990.

    To ask the Secretary of State for Energy what are the neutron and alpha/beta/gamma components of surface radiation dose equivalent rates, in milliSieverts per hour, for vitrified high-level waste containers for both Magnox and light water reactor/ advanced gas-cooled reactor oxide fuels; and if he will make a statement.

    I understand from British Nuclear Fuels plc that the vitrified waste will be produced and stored in stainless steel welded containers and the process carried out remotely behind concrete shielding. Average dose rates in areas to which the operators have access will be approximately 0·001 milliSieverts per hour.

    To ask the Secretary of State for Energy what are the approximate overall dimensions, capacity and design features of an approved single vitrified high-level radioactive waste capsule or canister.

    I understand from British Nuclear Fuels plc that each vitrified high-level radioactive waste container is approximately 134 cm high and 43 cm in diameter and weighs approximately 75 kg. Its volumetric capacity is approximately 170 litres and each canister holds approximately 400 kg of vitrified waste.These canisters are made from stainless steel and designed for easy lid placement and welding when full, for safe and reliable handling, and for the ability to withstand stresses arising during filling, handling and storage. The safety case for the on-site storage of these canisters has to be agreed by the Health and Safety Executive's nuclear installations inspectorate before the plant can be operated.

    To ask the Secretary of State for Energy if he will give an estimate of the anticipated volume of high-level radioactive waste to be returned to customers overseas after reprocessing by British Nuclear Fuels Ltd.; and if he will make a statement.

    I understand from British Nuclear Fuels plc that the latest estimate of high-level radioactive waste to be returned to overseas customers following reprocessing under contracts with return of waste options is 300 cu m.

    Energy Consumption Coal

    To ask the Secretary of State for Energy if he will make it his policy to require all companies contracted to provide goods and services to his Department to conduct a regular energy audit of their operations.

    Contractors will continue to be chosen on the basis of competitive tenders, and their efficient use of energy will lead to lower unit costs.

    To ask the Secretary of State for Energy if he will give the number of dedicated energy managers in his Department and the number of person years devoted to energy management in the latest year.

    An energy manager in the Department's headquarters building, together with local energy managers in five other premises in which the Department is an occupant, expects to devote around one third of a man year of effort to energy management.

    To ask the Secretary of State for Energy if he will give the number of energy audits carried out in his Department in the last five years and for each audit a statement of its main conclusions.

    An energy audit was not considered cost-effective in our former headquarters, because the Department had been under notice to quit since before 1985.

    To ask the Secretary of State for Energy if he will give for each year from 1978 the energy consumption, broken down by fuel, of the buildings occupied by his Department, expressing the figures in (a) cash terms, (b) 1978–79 money terms and (c) units of consumption for electricity in kilowatt hours, gas in therms, liquid fuel in litres and solid fuel in tonnes.

    I regret that information on energy consumption in buildings occupied by my Department over this period is not available. Under new arrangements for direct billing this information will be available from 1990–91 onwards.

    To ask the Secretary of State for Energy when his Department last conducted a full energy audit of its own building stock.

    The Department regularly monitors energy usage in its new headquarters building, of which it is the sole occupier and into which it moved in September last year. The building has an up-to-date electronic building energy management system. The Department is discussing with the Department of the Environment (Property Holdings) the potential for its commissioning energy management contracts aimed at improving overall energy efficiency on the civil estate, including my Department's headquarters building. These would include full energy audits. The Department has appointed energy managers to monitor energy consumption in all the other buildings on the common user estate where it is an occupant.

    Coal

    To ask the Secretary of State for Energy what is the average difference in percentage ash content between the medium sulphur coals presently being burned in British power stations and the coals of low-sulphur content.

    The ash content of coal, as sold, typically varies up to about 20 per cent. There is no particular association with sulphur content.

    To ask the Secretary of State for Energy what is the estimated increase in the percentage of fine dust released to the atmosphere as a result of replacing existing coal used with low-sulphur coal by the percentage required to meet European Community standards.

    The Government are committed to achieving the reductions in emissions specified in the EC large combustion plants directive. It is for the electricity industry to plan how it will achieve its share of these reductions.Dust emissions from power stations are subject to limits set by Her Majesty's inspectorate of pollution. The limits set for existing power stations will continue to apply irrespective of the type of coal used.

    To ask the Secretary of State for Energy what assessment he has made of the environmental implications of the imports of low-sulphur coal, in respect of any consequential need for large storage dumps alongside power stations.

    The Government are committed to achieving the reductions in emissions specified in the EC large combustion plants directive. It is for the electricity industry to plan how it will achieve its share of these reductions.Any request for extensions to power stations would be subject to the consent procedure set out in section 36 of the Electricity Act 1989.

    Oil Spillage, Mersey

    To ask the Secretary of State for Energy whether he will place in the Library a copy of the pipelines inspectorate's interim report on the release of oil into the Mersey from the Shell pipeline.

    The pipeline inspectorate report into the failure of the Mersey oil pipeline on 19 August 1989 is being prepared under the instruction of the Health and Safety Commission. Subject to the agreement of the commission, I intend to publish the report.

    Collieries

    To ask the Secretary of State for Energy if he will discuss with the chairman of British Coal the scope for re-opening pits capable of producing low-sulphur coal which have been closed since 1984.

    Decisions on the operation of individual collieries in relation to market demand are a management matter for British Coal.

    National Grid Company

    To ask the Secretary of State for Energy what is his Department's latest estimate of the value of the grid company.

    The value of the National Grid Company in the flotation of the 12 regional electricity companies will depend on a wide range of factors, including its profitability, capital structure and future prospects and market conditions at the time of the sale.

    Departmental Savings

    To ask the Secretary of State for Energy what mechanisms exist in his Department for indentifying and tracking value-for-money savings in its operations.

    The mechanisms are:

    Annual plans and reports prepared by heads of division on their objectives, activities, use of resources and intended value for money improvements over the next public expenditure survey period;
    A management plan for efficiency gains in administrative expenditure covering the same period;
    An administrative budgeting scheme under which budgets for the financial year ahead for staff and associated costs are delegated to senior line managers;
    Annual targets for and savings made in purchasing and stockholdings; and
    Annual programmes of work to be carried out by the Department's internal consultancy, inspection and review services.
    All these mechanisms are subject to approval by and carried through under the general direction of the Permanent Under-Secretary and his immediate colleagues.

    To ask the Secretary of State for Energy what were the value-for-money savings in his Department's operations identified by internal audit and internal efficiency arrangements and by external audit and by management consultants retained by his Department between 1983–84 and 1988–89; and what is the amount of those savings fulfilled to date.

    Over the period 1985–86 to 1988–89, my Department secured value-for-money savings in its operations totalling some £9·4 million. Savings in office space, from keen purchasing of goods and services, from staff inspections and from other internal efficiency measures all contributed to the total.The value of savings secured in 1983–84 and 1984–85 is not readily available. The systems now in place to target as well as deliver these savings were introduced at various times over the period, so no useful comparison with savings identified by these systems can be given.

    Home Department

    Pop Concert, Brighton

    To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what information he has on how many people were injured at the recent New Kids on the Block concerts on 28 April at Whitley Bay and 29 April at the Brighton centre; and if he will make a statement.

    I understand from the police that, in addition to those people who received minimal first aid treatment at the events themselves, three people were referred to hospital during the concert which took place at Whitley Bay ice rink on 27 April with what could be termed injuries and another four during a second concert at the same venue on 28 April. Fifteen people were referred to hospital during the concert at Brighton on 29 April, but this was a precautionary measure on a very hot day and none had any appearance of injuries. All were discharged later that night. Responsibility for the licensing of public musical events of this kind, including the stipulation of appropriate measures to ensure crowd safety, is a matter for local authorities in conjunction with the police and the fire authority. The Health and Safety Executive is currently working on new guidance on safety at pop concerts.

    Prison Disturbances

    To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department if he will list for the current year to date, and by location, the number of prison disturbances, showing in his answer (a) how long the disturbance lasted, (b) how many inmates were involved, (c) how many inmates received injuries and (d) how many prison staff received injuries.

    The most serious incidents, involving a substantial number of inmates acting in concert and the use of violence towards staff or property, occurred at the following establishments:

    Duration1Number of inmates injured2Number of staff injured
    HMP Blundeston
    Commenced at 1920 on 11 January, ended at 0620 on 12 January
    HMP Manchester
    1100 on 1 April—1820 on 25 April75197
    HMP Long Lartin
    2100 on 2 April—1100 on 3 April16
    HMYOI Glen Parva
    1930 on 6 April—0304 on 7 April5
    HMP Dartmoor
    1445 on 7 April—1645 on 8 April (although 1 prisoner remained on roof until mid-day on 14 April)9
    HMP Cardiff
    0830–1210 on 8 April15
    HMP Bristol
    1529 on 8 April—1430 on 9 April1225
    HMYOI Stoke Heath
    2025 on 8 April—1315 on 9 April3
    HMRC Pucklechurch
    1835 on 22 April—1340 on 23 April3541
    HMP Winchester
    2130 on 11 May—0932 on 12 May
    Other incidents involving groups of inmates acting in concert and using a significant amount of violence towards staff or property occurred at the following establishments:
    Duration1 Number of inmates injured2Number of staff injured
    HMP Dartmoor
    1035 on 13 January—1135 on same day11

    Duration

    1Number of inmates injured

    2 Number of staff injured

    HMP Kirkham

    2025 on 1 April—2045 on same day

    HMP Brixton

    1136 on 8 April—1220 on same day4

    HMP Hull

    1505 on 8 April—1610 on same day1

    HMP The Verne

    0220 on 8 April—0207 on 9 April

    HMYOI Everthorpe

    1945 on 9 April—2245 on same day45

    HMYOI Portland

    1945 on 12 April—2040 on same day

    It is impossible to be precise about the number of prisoners who were present in the particular parts of the establishments where incidents took place who were active participants. As regards the

    Number of seizures and weight in grams of "crack" in 1990 to date by Police region in which seized and month of analysis

    Police region

    January

    February

    March

    April

    1May

    Seizures

    Grams

    Seizures

    Grams

    Seizures

    Grams

    Seizures

    Grams

    Seizures

    Grams

    1. Greater Manchester, Merseyside, Lancashire, North Wales11·80610·95514·2924·75
    2. North East
    3. Nottinghamshire, South Yorkshire, West Yorkshire10·0522·5017·8810·10
    4. West Midlands33·3510·13451·2123·12
    5. Essex10·181Trace
    6. Surrey10·09
    7. Avon and Somerset, Dorset18·0032·0915·04
    8. South Wales
    9. Metropolitan Police520·128102·30169·43173·92147·49
    10. Scotland
    Total1031·5212106·732722·742877·302020·50

    1Provisional figures to 29 May 1990.

    Broadcasting Bill

    To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many representations he has received concerning the Broadcasting Bill and religion; and if he will make a statement.

    We have received representations from a number of groups and individuals about religious broadcasting. The Broadcasting Bill as introduced would liberalise the regulation of religious broadcasting in a number of ways: for instance, the automatic ban on religious advertising in schedule 2 to the Broadcasting Act 1981 would be lifted. The Bill has subsequently been amended to require Channel 3 and 5 licensees to give a sufficient amount of time to religious programming, and to enable the ITC to allow religious groups to own cable and non-DBS satellite channels where satisfied that this would be appropriate. Content safeguards are needed against possible abuse of religious broadcasting, but, as indicated during the Commons Report stage on 8 May 1990, Official Report, column 158, we are reviewing the relevant requirements in the Bill with a view to ensuring that they are both adequate and not unnecessarily restrictive.

    incidents at Blundeston and Winchester, 25 inmates and seven inmates respectively were positively identified as being actively involved.

    1 The figures for inmate injuries do not include the prisoner who died during the incident at Manchester nor the prisoner who was found dead after a fire in his cell at Dartmoor.

    2 In addition, one officer died at the time of the incident at Manchester.

    Crack (Seizures)

    To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department if he will list the number of seizures of crack in Britain for each month of 1990, stating the street value and the places where the seizures took place.

    Forensic science service figures for the number and weight of seizures of crack in 1990, by police region and month of analysis, are set out in the table. The estimated street value of crack varies according to time and place and is not routinely assessed for each seizure. The estimated current street value of the total amount seized in 1990 to date (258·79 grammes) is in the region of £32,500.There have been no known seizures of crack by Her Majesty's Customs and Excise in 1990 so far. Crack is not generally imported but produced in the United Kingdom from cocaine.

    Prisons (Mother And Baby Units)

    To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many places there are in each of the three prison mother and baby units.

    The three prison mother and baby units provide accommodation for a total of 39 mothers with their babies. Her Majesty's prison Holloway and Her Majesty's prison and young offender institution Styal each has 12 places and Her Majesty's prison Askham Grange has 15 places.

    To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many babies were in each of the three prison mother and baby units on the most recent available date; and what were their ages.

    On 23 May 1990 there were a total of 30 babies in the three prison mother and baby units. The number and ages of the babies in each unit is as follows:

    Holloway

    Styal

    Askham Grange

    Aged under one month111
    Aged 1–2 months21
    Aged 2–3 months1
    Aged 3–4 months131
    Aged 4–5 months1
    Aged 6–7 months12
    Aged 7–8 months24
    Aged 9–10 months111
    Aged 11–12 months2
    Aged 12–13 months1
    Aged 13–14 months2
    Total number of babies in each unit7815

    To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department if he will give a breakdown of the offences committed by women who spent time in prison mother and baby units during 1989.

    During 1989, a total of 101 women served all or part of their sentence with their babies in the prison mother and baby units. Of these, 34 had been convicted of offences of theft or fraud; 33 had been convicted of drugs offences; 12 had been convicted of offences of violence against the person; eight had been convicted of burglary offences; eight had been convicted of robbery offences; six had been convicted of other indictable offences.Where a woman had been received on sentence for several offences, only the principal criminal offence has been stated.

    Cats

    To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department if he has received any recent representations on the theft of pet cats, for use in fur coats, animal experimentation and pit-bull baiting.

    I have received several recent representations on the alleged theft of pet cats. The representations have expressed general concern about the fate of the pets concerned, in particular their use in the fur trade.

    Young Offenders Institution Lichfield (Incident)

    To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department (1) if he will call for a report from the chief constable of the West Midlands as to what police resources in the form of officers, cars and dogs were involved in the search on 14 May when two inmates absconded from Her Majesty's young offenders institution, Lichfield; what was the cost of the operation; from what budget this will be paid; and if he will make a statement;(2) for what purpose a helicopter was deployed following the incident at Her Majesty's young offenders institution, Lichfield, on 14 May; and what was the cost incurred.

    These are operational matters for the chief constable. I understand from him that no additional costs were incurred.

    Multi-Agency Panels

    To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many multi-agency panels are now operating, including magistrates and probation officers.

    A number of probation areas indicated their intention to establish such panels in response to the 1988 paper "Tackling Offending: an Action Plan". In some cases these panels have built on existing arrangements for discussions between the chief officers of the various agencies in each area. We do not yet know how many panels are operating nationally.

    To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many multi-agency panels, including members of magistrates' benches and probation officers, are now operating in the Merseyside area; and in which areas these are.

    I understand that three multi-agency panels following the recommendations of the 1988 paper "Tackling Offending: an Action Plan", are operating in the Merseyside area, in the petty sessional divisions of St. Helens, Knowsley and Sefton. They include representatives from the probation, social and education services, the police and the voluntary sector, but no magistrates.

    Probation (Drug Users)

    To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what percentage of young people under 21 years on probation are known to be hard drug users.

    Extradition

    To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department when Her Majesty's Government expect to ratify the European convention on extradition; and if he will make a statement.

    The Government hope to make the necessary Order in Council shortly before the summer recess, with a view to ratification of the convention as soon as possible thereafter. The convention provides for 90 days to elapse between ratification and the provisions coming into effect.

    To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department (1) how many persons were extradited to the United Kingdom from each country of the European Community in each of the last five years; and what were their nationalities;(2) how many persons were extradited from the United Kingdom to each of the other countries of the European Community in each of the last five years; and what were their nationalities.

    The tables give the number of persons extradited to and from the United Kingdom in respect of the other countries of the European Community. The United Kingdom does not distinguish between extradition requests in respect of its own nationals and nationals of other countries. For this reason, the nationalities of those whose return is sought is not centrally recorded.

    1985

    1986

    1987

    1988

    1989

    Extradition to an EC country from the United Kingdom

    Belgium1

    126

    1
    Denmark1
    France14
    Federal Republic of Germany57235
    Greece1
    Republic of Ireland31591317

    2

    Italy3411
    Luxembourg
    Netherlands13112
    Portugal
    Spain
    1218

    130

    59

    Extradition from an EC country to the United Kingdom

    Belgium12
    Denmark
    France1132
    Federal Republic of Germany21
    Greece
    Republic of Ireland317236

    2

    Italy
    Luxembourg
    Netherlands15
    Portugal1
    Spain142
    Total44874

    1 Includes 25 Heysel stadium football supporters.

    2 Not yet available.

    3 The return of fugitives to and from the Republic of Ireland takes place under reciprocal backing of warrants legislation, rather than under an extradition treaty.

    To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department which European Community countries do not permit the extradition of their own nationals.

    I refer my hon. Friend to the reply given by my right hon. Friend the Minister of State to a question from the hon. Member for Gower (Mr. Wardell) on 18 April 1990 at columns 910–11. The limitations on the ability of particular Community countries to extradite their own nationals, described in that reply, apply irrespective of the nature of the offence.In the third paragraph of the earlier reply, mention is made of an amendment to Dutch domestic law that took place in "1981". This should have read "1988".

    Electoral Registers

    To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what were the last representations he received from the Data Protection Registrar concerning the sale of electoral registers for other than electoral purposes; and what was his response.

    The Data Protection Registrar wrote to me in February about the different provisions governing the supply of the electoral and community charges registers. In reply I reaffirmed the Government's policy on the sale of the electoral register and explained that, since the two registers are different in purpose, different considerations apply to their availability. The registrar has since proposed that electoral registration officers should publish lists of the names and addresses of those to whom copies of the electoral register have been supplied; we are considering the proposal.

    To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what information the Data Protection Registrar holds about computer interlinks between community charge registers and electoral registers.