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Labour Statistics

Volume 181: debated on Friday 23 November 1990

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To ask the Secretary of State for Employment how many were employed in the (a) agricultural industry, (b) coal mining industry, (c) shipbuilding and ship repair industries and (d) steel industry as at June 1990.

Information is given is the table.

Employees in employment industries (SIC 1980): Great Britain
Thousands June 1990
Agriculture and horticulture (Class 01)260·2
Coal extraction and solid fuels (Group 111)85·5
Iron and steel (Group 221)25·3
Shipbuilding and ship repairing (Group 361)41·2

To ask the Secretary of State for Employment if he will publish a table showing the numbers and rate of unemployment in Great Britain and the United Kingdom using (a) the International Labour Office definition and (b) the claimant count in each year since 1974.

[holding answer 20 November 1990]: The information requested is contained in the following table. Levels of unemployment based on the International Labour Office definition are not available before 1984.

Standardised unemployment rates in selected OECD countries
Annual Data
1974197519761977197819791980198119821983198419851986198719881989
Canada5·36·97·18·08·37·47·47·510·911·811·210·49·58·87·77·5
United States5·58·37·66·96·05·87·07·59·59·57·47·16·96·15·45·2
Japan1·41·92·02·02·22·12·02·22·42·62·72·62·82·82·52·3
Australia2·64·84·75·626·26·26·05·77·19·98·98·28·08·07·26·1
New Zealand13·94·05·67·1
Belgium33·05·06·47·47·98·28·810·812·612·112·111·311·211·09·78·1
Finland1·72·23·85·87·25·94·64·85·35·45·25·05·35·04·53·4
France2·84·04·44·95·25·96·37·48·18·39·710·210·410·510·09·6
Germany (Federal Republic)21·623·623·723·623·523·23·04·46·18·07·17·26·46·26·15·5

Thousands

1

Total claimant count (annual average unemployment) (seasonally adjusted)

Total ILO unemployed2 (spring each year)

Year

Level

Rate

Level

Rate

United Kingdom

1974518·32·0
1975796·23·1
19761,091·34·2
19771,160·84·4
19781,144·04·3
19791,074·34·0
19801,364·45·1
19812,172·28·1
19822,544·99·5
19832,788·010·5
19842,916·310·73,206·011·8
19853,027·910·93,074011·2
19863,097·911·13,073·011·2
19872,806·510·02,979·010·7
19882,274·98·12,469·08·8

31989

1,784·46·32,063·07·2

Great Britain

1974492·52·0
1975761·63·0
19761,046·24··
19771,111·54·3
19781,091·04·2
19791,021·43·9
19801,301·15·0
19812,086·38·0
19822,447·89·4
19832,681·310·3
19842,806·110·63,094·011·7
19852,915·210·82,968·011·1
19862,975·311·02,969·011·1
19872,684·49·82,879·010·6
19882,161·77·82,376·68·7

31989

1,678·86·01,978·07·1

1 The seasonally adjusted series has been revised in November 1990 to allow for the changes in conditions of the Redundant Mineworkers Payment Scheme, effective from July 1989. The seasonally adjusted series takes into account changes in the unemployment count consistent with the current definition of unemployment to make assessment of trends over time possible.

2 ILO definition levels of unemployment for United Kingdom and Great Britain only available from 1984.

3 Preliminary estimates only 1989.

To ask the Secretary of State for Employment if he will publish a table showing the rates of unemployment in each country in the OECD using the International Labour Office definition in each year since 1974.

Following is the information for all the OECD countries for which standardised unemployment rates are available. The table is taken from the OECD publication "Quarterly Labour Force Statistics". OECD figures provide the nearest comparable data to the ILO definition.

1974

1975

1976

1977

1978

1979

1980

1981

1982

1983

1984

1985

1986

1987

1988

1989

Ireland13·715·416·817·116·916·3

215·7

Italy5·35·86·67·07·17·67·57·88·48·89·49·610·510·911·010·9
Netherlands

22·7

5·25·55·35·35·46·08·511·412·011·810·69·99·69·28·3
Norway1·52·31·71·41·82·01·62·02·63·43·12·62·02·13·24·9
Portugal7·98·48·58·57·05·75·0
Spain2·63·64·65·26·98·511·213·915·817·220·021·421·020·119·116·9
Sweden2·01·61·61·82·22·12·02·53·23·53·12·82·71·91·61·4
United Kingdom2·94·35·6

26·0

25·9

25·0

26·4

29·8

2ll·3

212·4

11·711·211·210·38·5

26·9

OECD Total

23·5

5·25·3

25·3

25·2

25·1

5·86·7

28·1

8·68·07·87·77·36·7

26·2

1 The data are not seasonally adjusted.

2 Secretariat estimates (or preliminary-figures).

3 Revised series.