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Fireworks

Volume 205: debated on Friday 13 March 1992

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To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry if he will publish the figures of injuries caused by fireworks in 1991.

According to reports from accident and emergency units in hospitals in England, Wales and Scotland, 723 people required treatment for injuries caused by fireworks during the three weeks leading up to November 5 1991 and the few days after, a decrease of just over 10 per cent. Serious injuries fell by 23 per cent. There was a decrease in injuries to all age groups, but particularly to 16 to 20-year-olds, where the fall was 31 per cent. There were also significant reductions in injuries to those under 16 years of age. There was a decrease of 36 per cent. in injuries from rockets and of 8 per cent. for bangers, but an increase of 9 per cent. from sparklers. Injuries from incidents in the street were down 21 per cent., from large public displays 18 per cent., from small public dislays 3 per cent. and from family firework parties 2 per cent. There were over 110 million fireworks let off in 1990, but we estimate that there were 2 to 5 per cent. less in 1991. The detailed breakdown for 1991 and the preceding four years is as follows:

Firework injuries in Great Britain (4 week period in October-November)
Year
19911990198919881987
Total723805800877960
Place of accident
1. Family or private party263269280300260
2. Semi-public display (eg scouts, cricket club)5759716988
3. Large public display111135135123155
4. Casual incident in street etc.209264247298364
5. Other place6864466573
6. Indoors1514212220
Type of firework
1. Banger146158136162163
2. Rocket92144131164174
3. Roman candle, coloured fire etc.6866898396
4. Home-made or extracted powder167181724
5. Other proprietary fireworks687312586109

Year

1991

1990

1989

1988

1987

6. Sparklers101938310295
7. Unspecified type232264218263299

Severity of injury

1. Fatal injury
2. Detained for more than one night2638466960
3. Sufficient to cause absence from work or equivalent109138142167158
4. Minor injury583590551587661
5. Unspecified injury539615481

Eye injuries (included in 2–5)

247269275269312

Age group of injured persons

1. Over 20263269251280252
2. 16 to 2098142135151168
3. 13 to 15122134152266220
4. Under 13240260262280320