Skip to main content

Birth Defects

Volume 229: debated on Friday 23 July 1993

The text on this page has been created from Hansard archive content, it may contain typographical errors.

To ask the Secretary of State for Health what has been the number and percentage of birth defects among live births in each of the past 10 years.

The information for 1982–91 (the latest year for which information is available) is shown in the table.

Number and percentage of birth defects among livebirths 1982–91 England and Wales
YearNumbers1LivebirthsPercentage
198212,732625,9312·03
198313,444629,1342·14
198413,546636,8182·13
198512,949656,4171·97
198612,758661,0181·93
198713,129681,5111·93
198812,723693,5771·83
198912,191687,7251·77
19907,941706,1401·12
19916,889699,2170·99
1 The congenital malformation notification system is voluntary and is usually linked to the statutory system of birth notification to local
The 1992–93 figures will be available by December 1993. Figures are not available for future years.
Regional health authorities gross expenditure £000
RHA1987–881988–891989–901990–911991–92
Northern46,18555,69164,23471,15063,474
Yorkshire70,46370,80176,18794,30065,094
Trent73,40181,27477,848111,458174,284
East Anglian27,60629,43529,44042,59545,648
North West Thames50,36059,99965,161102,83057,619
North East Thames55,68776,42269,96780,198189,715
South East Thames63,76966,66876,73477,299250,032
South West Thames103,166110,282131,677123,865149,077
Wessex55,52356,68386,44171,82325,017
Oxford33,37743,94550,16556,48249,363
South Western41,35745,20754,58963,01386,185
West Midlands106,30782,442112,625137,810111,014
Mersey46,64126,24524,35742.S8023,961
North Western88,86988,34087,67391,03265,151

Source: Annual accounts of regional health authorities. (Figures are not adjusted for inflation).

Notes to the table:

1. The figures for the years prior to 1991–92 vary between RHAs as regions were managed in an integrated way and the balance of management between RHAs and their respective district health authorities (DHAs) differed between regions. The figures were also affected by other factors including differences in the geographical size of regions, in the number of DHAs they included and in the extent to which RHAs directly managed operational services.

2. Following the implementation of the NHS reforms the role of RHAs is changing and this has a major impact on the figures for 1991–92. There are significant variations in the extent to which:RHAs have retained or devolved management, support and operational services functions and in the extent to which their costs are borne or recharged to users. Some RHAs are directly involved in the purchaser function while the figures for others include additional significant costs—notably the payment of funds for nursing and other staff training to health providers.