To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what studies have been considered by his Department concerning any relationship between juvenile offenders and (a) employment and qualifications, (b) school attendance records, (c) statemented pupil status, (d) earlier reference to educational support services, consequent on known behaviour and (e) any other pattern of undesirable conduct for which remedies were likely to be available directly of indirectly from public funds.
Home Office research study 96 "Schools, Disruptive Behaviour and Delinquency", published in 1988 is a comprehensive review of research in this area. The Home Office research and planning unit is continuing to monitor relevant research findings.
To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department if he will make a statement on the use by the courts of residence requirements when supervision orders are imposed on juvenile offenders.
The Government are committed to ensuring that courts have the powers they need to deal effectively with offenders. The Children Act 1989 conferred upon courts a power to attach a residence requirement to supervision orders. This power came into force in October 1991. The guidance issued under the Children Act made it clear that this requirement is intended to be available for a repeat offender who has committed a serious offence and whose criminal behaviour is attributable to the circumstances in which he is living. No information is yet available on the extent of its use.