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Aid Budget

Volume 264: debated on Monday 23 October 1995

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To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what has been the United Kingdom's aid budget in respect of the various countries in sub-Saharan Africa in each of the last five years. [37627]

The total United Kingdom bilateral gross public expenditure on aid to countries in sub-Saharan Africa from 1990–91 to 1994–95 is set out in the table.

£ thousand
11990–9111991–9211992–931 21993–9411994–95
Angola1,5302,4331,82513,5508,845
Benin2601904,01609
Botswana7,44211,6087,4628,4125,235
Burkino Faso361969345248168
Burundi1991822053,2311,498
Cameroon3,4783,0613,3532,7692,271
Cape Verde Islands96113974811
Central African Republic807521513
Chad189227291424110
Congo277353281951
Comoros71421621
Djibouti961285511012
Equatorial Guinea520003
Eritrea1,9795,8242,624
Ethiopia23,79922,91217,50620,17723,694
Gabon4463940
Gambia6,0945,8144,9193,6852,403
Ghana29,21944,65941,73626,14523,347
Guinea499957504405279
Guinea-Bissau393295131
Ivory Coast10,5035,8137,2041,6462,065
Kenya49,95738,35137,51431,23130,533
Lesotho5,8546,45427,1946,0705,124
Liberia5717226912,252912
Madagascar715699940897813
Malawi43,52626,09327,37827,00941,243
Mali1,3461,3511,223811921
Mauritania81290154252307
Mauritius5,2963,0553,5531,7141,486
Mozambique26,59318,00134,17734,74325,014
Namibia1,7062,3664,4943,8933,572
Niger376392373468539
Nigeria35,23814,47215,7679,7517,671
Rwanda3892143121,66145,280
Sao Tome and Principe00053
Senegal1,1591,5611,0661,0101,014
Seychelles1,2221,5551,2262,349958
Sierra Leone2,9372,4866,4833,9898,262
Somalia1,9273,02515,8045,5102,083
South Africa8,0939,32511,55814,43215,604
St. Helena and Dependencies11,7599,1619,0659,0578,148
Sudan24,61321,8409,95615,51912,760
Swaziland5,2553,4994,1948,1962,574
Tanzania41,59632,32162,29931,18630,747
Togo469461311377555
Uga2nda32,21127,83634,70740,47046,534
Zaire2,3281,5031,3713,2851,244
Zambia49,86834,44447,97847,60355,934
Zimbabwe33,62747,69044,26841,23935,263
1 Figures include project aid; programme aid; emergency assistance; debt relief; and CDC investments.
2 1994–95 figures are provisional.
1. Prior to 1992–93, assistance to Eritrea formed part of programme to Ethiopia.

To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs if he will undertake to make no reduction in United Kingdom bilateral aid in respect of poverty-relief programmes, including the provision of clean water, health care and education services. [38003]

The overriding goal of the British aid programme is poverty reduction through sustainable development. The Government will maintain an effective bilateral programme focused on the poorest countries, including help in the water, health and education sectors.

In addition, countries also receive assistance from multilateral aid organisations to which the UK contributes.

To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what proportion of the aid budget will be spent bilaterally in 1998–99 in the event of the aid budget being reduced by (a) 5 per cent., (b) 7.5 per cent., (c) 10 per cent., and (d) 12.5 per cent. between 1996–97 and 1998–99. [37997]

It is not possible to answer this question directly, since there is some scope to modify certain categories of multilateral spending—for example, contributions to new multilateral replenishments or voluntary contributions to UN or commonwealth bodies—particularly in the medium term.

The latest relevant published forecast, in the 1995 departmental report, indicates that bilateral aid in 1997–98 is expected to be 41 per cent. of the aid programme as set in last year's Budget.

To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what assessment he has made of the implications for the effectiveness of British diplomacy in (a) the United Nations, (b) the European Union (c) the Commonwealth and (d) international organisations of other reductions in Britain's bilateral aid programme; and if he will make a statement. [38148]

Britain continues to maintain the world's fifth largest aid programme which befits her status as the fifth largest economy. We make a substantial and highly effective contribution to the multilateral institutions of which we are members.