To ask the Secretary of State for Transport how much was spent by his Department and its predecessors on external research and consultants in each year since 1997, broken down by (a) aviation, (b) local transport, (c) mobility and inclusion, (d) roads, vehicles and road safety, (e) shipping, (f) integrated transport, (g) railways, (h) science and research, (i) transport statistics, (j) freight logistics and (k) other subjects. 
The information requested on external research expenditure is set out below. Separate figures for expenditure on general consultancy are not held centrally and could only be obtained at disproportionate cost.
|Total Expenditure by DfT (and predecessors) on External Research since 1997, broken down by specified areas|
|Area||Outturn 1997–98||Outurrn 1998–99||Outturn 1999–2000||Outturn 2000–01||Outturn 2001–02|
|Transport Strategy/Local Transport1||7.8||6.1||7.9||7.6||8.53|
|Roads Vehicles and Road Safety3||11.5||12.0||11.7||9.4||13.62|
|Science and Research7||1.9||1.5||0.7||0.5||0.56|
|Total of the above||39.6||36.9||38.3||36.77||42.01|
1. Outturn figures for 1996–97 to 1999–2000 were obtained from The Forward Look Publications, which are complied using data supplied by the Office of National Statistics.
2. Outturn figures 2000–01 and 2001–02 were obtained from local records of data that is collated by STP Division within DfT and supplied to ONS for inclusion in their Forward Look publications.
1 This inludes Roads and Traffic-Integrated Local Transport as well as incorporating mobility and inclusion, Integrated Transport and Transport Statistics.
2 Refer to note 1 above.
3 The figures shown for Roads Vehicles and Road Safety are the cumulative total for Road Safety and Vehicle Standards and Engineering.
4 The figures shown here are those of Maritime and Coastguard Agency (Marine Services Agency and Coastguard Agency prior to 1999)
5 Refer to note 1 above
6 Some research relevant to railways is included in the figures given for Transport Strategy/Local Transport.
7 These figures are those of Science and Technology Policy Division and relate to LINK and New Horizons Programmes.
8 Refer to note 1 above as some limited research expenditure on Transport Statistics is included in Local Transport.
9 These figures include Highways Agency, Transport Security and Transport Environment and Taxation for 2000–01 and 2001–02. They do not Include Road User Charging Trails.