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Obesity

Volume 447: debated on Tuesday 13 June 2006

To ask the Secretary of State for Health what assessment she has made of the likely cost to the NHS of the consequences of childhood obesity in the next 20 years. (74430)

The joint report from the Audit Commission, Healthcare Commission and the National Audit Office (NAO) published in 2006 estimated that, at present, the direct cost to the NHS is £1 billion a year and the indirect cost to United Kingdom the economy is a further £2.3 to £2.6 billion. Furthermore, it estimated that should the present trend continue, the annual cost to the economy could be £3.6 billion a year by 2010.

The Health Select Committee revisited the NAO figures in 2004, and they estimated the overall cost for overweight and obesity to be nearer £6.6 to £7.4 billion per year.

To ask the Secretary of State for Health what estimate her Department has made of the percentage of (a) adults and (b) children who are (i) obese, (ii) overweight and (iii) underweight in (A) each region in England and (B) the Tees Valley. (67197)

The main source of data on the prevalence of obesity is the Health Survey for England (HSE). The data is not available in the format requested. However tables 1 to 4 provides the most comparable data.

Table 1: Age-standardised overweight and obesity prevalence among adults aged 16 and over, by Government office region and sex, England 2003

Percentage

North East

North West

Yorkshire and the Humber

East Midlands

West Midlands

East England

London

South East

South West

England

Male

Obese

21.5

23.0

24.6

22.8

22.5

23.6

17.8

18.9

21.2

22.2

Overweight including obese

62.0

63.7

65.3

67.6

65.2

66.0

58.6

62.4

65.5

65.4

Female

Obese

24.9

23.8

23.8

23.3

28.8

23.5

20.7

18.5

20.1

23.0

Overweight including obese

59.7

58.8

55.0

56.3

60.2

55.4

49.0

49.5

53.5

55.5

Bases (weighted)

Men

339

878

634

591

676

755

930

1052

663

6519

Women

376

901

650

582

696

735

876

1071

683

6570

Source:

Health Survey for England 2003.

Table 2: Overweight and obesity prevalence among adults aged 16 and over, by sex, England 2004

Percentage

Male

Underweight

1

Overweight

44

Obese

23

Overweight including obese

67

Female

Underweight

2

Overweight

34

Obese

23

Overweight including obese

57

Bases (weighted)

Males

39244

Females

39803

Source:

Health Survey for England 2004.

Table 3: Age-standardised overweight and obesity prevalence1 among children aged 2-15, by Government office region and sex, England 2001-02

Percentage

North East

North West

Yorkshire and the Humber

East Midlands

West Midlands

East England

London

South East

South West

England

Boys

Overweight

17.1

15.8

14.8

16.8

16.1

15.7

19.4

14.9

16.9

16.3

Obese

7.6

4.4

4.1

6.1

5.9

6.6

7.1

4.5

4.5

5.5

Overweight including obese

24.8

20.2

18.8

22.9

22.0

22.2

26.5

19.4

21.5

21.7

Girls

Overweight

23.5

19.6

22.9

21.8

20.6

24.3

18.5

22.8

19.6

21.4

Obese

10.6

9.7

12.3

15.1

17.3

13.0

9.3

8.8

12.7

11.7

Overweight including obese

34.2

29.3

35.3

36.8

37.9

37.3

27.7

31.5

32.2

33.1

Bases (weighted)

Boys

362

783

589

519

574

597

631

845

542

5442

Girls

327

753

569

490

582

621

672

833

541

5389

1 International classification for children.

Source:

Health Survey for England 2002.

Table 4: Overweight and obesity prevalence among children aged 2-15 by sex, England 2004

Percentage

Boys

Overweight

13.9

Obese

19.2

Overweight including obese

33.0

Girls

16.6

Overweight

18.5

Obese

35.1

Overweight including obese

Bases (weighted)

Boys

8833

Girls

8228

Source:

Health Survey for England 2004.

To ask the Secretary of State for Health what the rates of (a) overweight and (b) obese (i) children (A) under 11 years and (B) aged between 11 and 18 years and (ii) adults were in England, broken down by (1) strategic health authority and (2) primary care trust area in each year since 1997. (69602)

The main source of data on the prevalence of obesity is the Health Survey for England (HSE). The data is not available in the format requested. However, tables one to four provides the most comparable data.

Table 1: Prevalence of overweight and obesity among children aged 2-10 by sex, England 1997-2004

Percentage

Unweighted

Weighted

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2003

2004

Boys

Overweight

13.1

14.6

14.1

13.6

15.6

13.3

14.7

14.2

14.6

14.6

Obese

11.1

11.4

16.1

12.2

13.5

15.2

14.9

16.2

15.1

15.9

Girls

Overweight

12.0

12.5

13.5

11.6

14.0

13.1

13.4

14.2

13.4

14.8

Obese

10.7

11.8

13.0

11.8

12.7

15.8

12.5

11.9

12.4

12.8

Bases

Boys

2,007

1,336

633

570

1,035

2,364

876

416

878

5,368

Girls

2,082

1,216

628

523

1,094

2,290

897

343

858

4,901

Notes:

From 2003 data are weighted for non response. Data weighted for child selection only are provided for consistency with previous years.

Source:

Health Survey for England 2004—updating of trend tables to include 2004 data, The Information Centre For Health and Social Care.

Table 2: Prevalence of overweight and obesity among children aged 11-15 by sex, England 1997-2004

Percentage

Unweighted

Weighted

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2003

2004

Overweight

12.7

14.7

14.9

10.0

14.1

14.4

14.4

12.8

14.5

12.8

Obese

15.6

16.3

16.9

18.8

18.8

19.8

20.4

23.7

20.0

24.2

Girls

Overweight

15.4

15.7

13.7

14.4

17.5

15.1

16.0

19.4

16.4

19.3

Obese

16.2

17.5

15.2

18.1

17.7

19.2

21.9

26.2

22.1

26.7

Bases

Boys

1,056

645

343

306

618

1,381

533

230

574

3,466

Girls

987

656

322

318

605

1,346

547

236

535

3,328

Boys

Notes:

From 2003 data are weighted for non response. Data weighted for child selection only are provided for consistency with previous years.

Source:

Health Survey for England 2004—updating of trend tables to include 2004 data, The Information Centre For Health and Social Care.

Table 3: Age standardised1 proportion of adults aged 16 and over who are overweight, by Strategic Health Authority (SHA) (3-year moving average) England, 1995-2002

Percentage

Area Code

Name

1995-97

1996-98

1997-99

1998-00

1999-01

2000-02

Q10

County Durham and Tees Valley

40.4

37.3

38.5

38.5

39.0

36.7

Q11

North and East Yorkshire and Northern Lincolnshire

40.0

39.5

37.5

37.9

37.5

38.0

Q24

Trent

38.9

39.9

40.0

36.7

37.2

37.1

Q27

Birmingham and the Black Country

39.9

40.0

40.5

39.5

38.9

39.0

Q08

South West London

37.7

35.9

34.1

35.0

37.9

37.1

Q25

Leicestershire, Northamptonshire and Rutland

39.8

39.3

40.6

39.0

37.9

36.3

Q18

Kent and Medway

35.4

37.1

37.9

38.5

38.2

36.5

Q26

Shropshire and Staffordshire

37.7

40.0

40.8

42.1

41.1

40.6

Q28

West Midlands South

40.3

39.6

38.2

38.3

38.1

39.7

Q13

Cumbria and Lancashire

39.2

39.8

41.7

40.4

41.4

39.9

Q01

Norfolk, Suffolk and Cambridgeshire

38.8

38.9

37.4

38.5

38.7

41.6

Q17

Hampshire and Isle of Wight

37.1

37.5

36.8

38.1

38.3

39.9

Q09

Northumberland, Tyne and Wear

38.4

38.5

36.8

39.4

38.9

40.4

Q14

Greater Manchester

38.3

38.0

36.5

37.3

39.1

40.4

Q15

Cheshire and Merseyside

39.3

39.8

39.0

40.6

40.0

39.7

Q12

West Yorkshire

39.9

39.8

39.8

37.2

38.1

37.0

Q06

North East London

37.3

36.2

37.8

37.2

37.0

37.6

Q03

Essex

40.4

39.6

38.6

39.4

41.0

42.5

Q21

South West Peninsula

38.0

38.7

37.4

36.1

36.1

37.4

Q23

South Yorkshire

40.4

38.5

38.6

37.3

39.3

35.6

Q22

Dorset and Somerset

38.0

38.6

39.6

41.3

41.1

39.2

Q07

South East London

33.7

33.7

34.9

36.8

38.5

38.2

Q16

Thames Valley

39.0

39.3

39.6

39.6

41.5

39.3

Q02

Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire

39.8

39.9

39.1

38.1

37.8

41.4

Q04

North West London

37.7

40.0

38.8

37.8

35.8

35.2

Q05

North Central London

35.9

36.1

36.1

35.6

36.4

35.3

Q19

Surrey and Sussex

38.8

37.8

36.4

35.4

35.4

37.1

Q20

Avon, Gloucestershire and Wiltshire

40.2

39.8

40.7

40.0

41.3

41.7

1 Age standardisation is a weighting technique used to give all SHAs the same age profile. This removes the effect of age from comparisons between SHAs. Source: Health Survey for England: Health & Lifestyle indicators for Strategic Health Authorities 1994-2002, Department of Health.

Table 4: Age standardised1 proportion of adults aged 16 and over who are obese, by Strategic Health Authority (SHA) (3-year moving average) England, 1995-2002

Percentage

Area Code

Name

1995-97

1996-98

1997-99

1998-00

1999-01

2000-02

Q10

County Durham and Tees Valley

18.9

19.2

19.1

19.3

23.8

27.3

Q11

North and East Yorkshire and Northern Lincolnshire

18.6

19.7

20.2

21.7

23.9

26.1

Q24

Trent

18.9

19.5

19.1

21.7

23.0

25.1

Q27

Birmingham and the Black Country

20.7

21.3

21.3

23.4

24.0

24.9

Q08

South West London

12.5

14.8

15.4

20.2

19.9

24.3

Q25

Leicestershire, Northamptonshire and Rutland

16.5

16.8

18.2

20.5

22.1

24.3

Q18

Kent and Medway

20.0

20.3

19.7

20.0

21.5

23.1

Q26

Shropshire and Staffordshire

19.3

19.0

20.6

21.5

22.1

22.9

Q28

West Midlands South

17.7

19.3

21.9

21.1

23.1

22.6

Q13

Cumbria and Lancashire

17.4

18.7

19.3

21.2

21.5

22.4

Q01

Norfolk, Suffolk and Cambridgeshire

17.2

19.5

19.9

20.1

20.6

21.6

Q17

Hampshire and Isle of Wight

17.1

17.9

18.8

19.4

20.9

21.4

Q09

Northumberland, Tyne and Wear

18.4

19.9

21.0

20.8

21.3

21.3

Q14

Greater Manchester

15.3

17.0

19.0

20.3

20.2

21.1

Q15

Cheshire and Merseyside

16.1

17.0

18.6

19.4

20.9

21.0

Q12

West Yorkshire

16.1

18.1

18.2

18.1

18.5

20.8

Q06

North East London

17.7

18.0

20.1

20.7

20.9

20.7

Q03

Essex

16.5

18.3

17.9

19.4

19.2

20.2

Q21

South West Peninsula

18.1

17.8

18.9

18.5

19.9

19.9

Q23

South Yorkshire

17.9

18.6

17.1

18.0

17.1

19.6

Q22

Dorset and Somerset

18.6

19.1

19.3

18.9

19.7

19.3

Q07

South East London

18.8

18.8

18.8

18.6

18.2

19.2

Q16

Thames Valley

17.1

16.7

16.5

17.3

17.3

18.9

Q02

Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire

16.1

16.3

18.4

18.1

20.1

18.8

Q04

North West London

17.1

17.1

18.8

19.8

21.0

18.4

Q05

North Central London

14.8

15.5

14.1

17.9

17.5

18.4

Q19

Surrey and Sussex

14.9

16.9

17.4

17.4

17.3

17.6

Q20

Avon, Gloucestershire and Wiltshire

15.4

15.8

16.1

17.8

19.4

17.3

1 Age standardisation is a weighting technique used to give all SHAs the same age profile. This removes the effect of age from comparisons between SHAs.

Source:

Health Survey for England: Health & Lifestyle indicators for Strategic Health Authorities 1994-2002, Department of Health.