The humanitarian situation in Burma is very poor. Reliable data are scarce, but many of Burma’s 50 million people live in serious poverty—a situation exacerbated by the Government’s actions. There are reportedly half a million people internally displaced in Eastern Burma, with around 100,000 in hiding in conflict areas, and more than half a million refugees in neighbouring nations. Communicable disease is an acute problem. Over 70 per cent. of the population live in malaria risk areas and Burma has one of the most serious HIV epidemics in Asia.