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Homicide

Volume 447: debated on Wednesday 14 June 2006

To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many murder victims there were aged under 18 years in each year since 1990, broken down by (a) age, (b) sex and (c) local authority area. (74187)

[holding answer 5 June 2006]: The available information relates to under 18 victims of homicide for each year from 1990 to 2004-05, with three tables giving breakdowns by age, gender and police force area. Local authority information is not collected centrally for this measure.

Offences currently1 recorded as homicide2 for victims under 183 by age of victim 1990 to 2004-05

Age under

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

January 1997 to March 19984

1

24

28

27

27

24

17

27

37

1

13

13

6

11

9

9

7

12

2

4

14

6

9

6

4

5

4

3

3

3

5

3

4

3

4

6

4

1

7

4

4

5

3

4

1

5

7

3

2

1

3

3

6

7

6

2

2

1

4

6

5

2

7

1

5

2

2

10

2

4

8

1

2

1

2

3

1

3

9

3

2

2

3

3

2

2

10

4

1

1

l

1

1

11

3

2

1

2

1

2

12

1

3

2

2

2

1

4

13

1

1

2

1

3

4

1

14

1

5

5

3

3

4

4

4

15

1

3

5

2

7

8

5

3

16

10

5

8

3

3

4

11

10

17

8

12

6

11

14

4

10

8

Total under 18

85

110

82

83

93

88

101

109

Age under

1998-99

1999-2000

2000-01

2001-02

2002-03

2003-04

2004-05

Total 1990 to 2004-05

1

37

31

49

17

30

31

23

429

1

5

4

11

10

9

9

7

135

2

9

3

4

5

7

5

6

91

3

4

3

4

2

8

3

4

59

4

2

1

1

3

2

1

39

5

5

1

3

3

3

3

50

6

5

4

4

3

3

3

44

7

5

3

4

3

4

2

1

48

8

3

3

5

3

1

28

9

2

1

3

1

24

10

2

1

2

1

4

2

1

22

11

1

2

2

1

1

2

20

12

2

1

4

1

2

25

13

1

4

2

4

4

28

14

1

3

4

4

5

3

49

15

5

1

3

6

4

8

4

65

16

11

10

12

13

4

5

8

117

17

15

9

13

13

14

9

8

154

Total under 18

108

84

123

90

107

90

74

1,427

1.As at 28 November 2005; figures are subject to revision as cases are dealt with by the police and the courts, or as further information comes to light. Excludes cases that result in an acquittal or conviction of a lesser offence. 2 Murder, manslaughter and infanticide. 3 Excludes cases where age of victim is unknown. 4 This is a 15 month period that reflects the transition from calendar year reporting to financial year reporting in April 1998.

Offences currently1 recorded as homicide2 for victims under 183 by age of victim 1990 to 2004-05

Force area

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

January 1997 to March 19984

Avon and Somerset

2

1

2

1

4

3

5

Bedfordshire

l

1

1

2

Cambridgeshire

2

1

1

1

1

Cheshire

3

2

6

4

1

Cleveland

2

1

3

2

1

Cumbria

2

1

1

Derbyshire

2

1

1

1

3

3

Devon and Cornwall

4

3

2

1

3

1

3

Dorset

1

1

1

6

1

1

Durham

1

1

2

3

1

1

Essex5

4

1

3

1

3

3

Gloucestershire

4

1

3

5

1

1

Greater Manchester

5

4

8

3

3

6

8

6

Hampshire

2

3

1

1

8

l

Hertfordshire5

1

1

Humberside

1

2

2

2

3

3

3

3

Kent

1

4

2

3

3

2

2

2

Lancashire

1

2

4

5

7

6

Leicestershire

3

2

1

2

Lincolnshire

5

1

London, City of

1

1

Merseyside

2

6

2

3

2

5

4

Metropolitan Police5

20

15

9

13

11

18

15

26

Norfolk

1

2

1

5

3

North Yorkshire

1

1

2

1

1

Northamptonshire

1

1

1

2

1

Northumbria

2

3

5

2

4

1

2

3

Nottinghamshire

1

9

5

2

7

1

2

South Yorkshire

2

5

3

5

5

6

1

Staffordshire

3

1

1

2

1

3

1

2

Suffolk

1

2

1

Surrey5

1

2

3

Sussex

5

1

4

1

1

1

4

Thames Valley

5

3

3

3

4

5

4

Warwickshire

1

1

1

West Mercia

2

2

3

4

1

4

West Midlands

8

3

8

7

8

7

11

6

West Yorkshire

6

7

1

3

5

9

3

5

Wiltshire

3

2

2

2

2

Dyfed Powys

1

1

1

2

Gwent

2

1

1

1

North Wales

1

1

South Wales

1

7

1

4

1

3

85

110

82

83

93

88

101

109

Force area

1998-99

1999-2000

2000-01

2001-02

2002-03

2003-04

2004-05

Grand total

Avon and Somerset

3

1

5

2

1

30

Bedfordshire

3

1

5

1

15

Cambridgeshire

2

1

1

1

3

2

16

Cheshire

5

1

1

3

1

27

Cleveland

1

2

2

1

1

16

Cumbria

1

3

1

3

12

Derbyshire

4

1

2

1

1

20

Devon and Cornwall

3

8

6

2

1

4

41

Dorset

1

1

1

14

Durham

1

1

1

12

Essex5

4

3

2

2

26

Gloucestershire

4

1

2

1

1

24

Greater Manchester

7

4

8

10

3

5

6

86

Hampshire

1

1

3

6

6

1

2

36

Hertfordshire5

1

1

4

Humberside

2

2

1

1

2

4

31

Kent

4

2

4

4

3

3

39

Lancashire

1

3

3

1

3

5

1

42

Leicestershire

4

1

2

3

1

19

Lincolnshire

4

3

1

2

1

17

London, City of

2

Merseyside

4

2

1

1

2

2

6

42

Metropolitan Police5

18

12

19

17

22

19

12

246

Norfolk

3

1

3

1

1

21

North Yorkshire

1

1

8

Northamptonshire

1

5

1

1

14

Northumbria

4

4

3

3

3

39

Nottinghamshire

2

4

1

1

4

1

3

43

South Yorkshire

1

5

3

4

1

4

45

Staffordshire

8

1

5

1

1

2

32

Suffolk

2

2

4

3

5

20

Surrey5

1

3

1

3

14

Sussex

4

3

6

1

2

3

36

Thames Valley

4

4

2

2

1

2

42

Warwickshire

1

1

1

6

West Mercia

4

3

3

2

2

1

31

West Midlands

5

8

5

8

7

8

5

104

West Yorkshire

1

3

8

3

6

6

5

71

Wiltshire

1

4

1

1

18

Dyfed Powys

1

1

7

Gwent

2

1

1

1

10

North Wales

2

1

2

4

1

1

13

South Wales

2

9

4

2

2

36

108

84

123

90

107

90

74

1,427

1 As at 28 November 2005; figures are subject to revision as cases are dealt with by the police and the courts, or as further information comes to light. Excludes cases that result in an acquittal or conviction of a lesser offence. 2 Murder, manslaughter and infanticide. 3 Excludes cases where age of victim is unknown. 4 This is a 15 month period that reflects the transition from calendar year reporting to financial year reporting in April 1998. 5 These force areas were subject to boundary changes on 1 April 2000.

Offences currently1 recorded as homicide2 for victims under 183 by gender of victim 1990 to 2004-05

Gender

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

January 1997 to March 19984

Male

55

52

41

44

40

50

59

65

Female

30

58

41

39

53

38

42

44

Total

85

110

82

83

93

88

101

109

Gender

1998-99

1999-2000

2000-01

2001-02

2002-03

2003-04

2004-05

Total 1990 to 2004-05

Male

66

52

73

62

48

59

45

811

Female

42

32

50

28

59

31

29

616

Total

108

84

123

90

107

90

74

1,427

1 As at 28 November 2005; figures are subject to revision as cases are dealt with by the police and the courts, or as further information comes to light. Excludes cases that result in an acquittal or conviction of a lesser offence. 2 Murder, manslaughter and infanticide. 3 Excludes cases where age of victim is unknown. 4 This is a 15 month period that reflects the transition from calendar year reporting to financial year reporting in April 1998.

To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many young people were killed unlawfully in each year since 1990; and how each person was killed. (74431)

[holding answer 5 June 2006]: The available information relates to under 18 victims of homicide for each year from 1990 to 2004-05, with the tables giving a breakdown by method of killing.

Offences currently1 recorded as homicide2 for victims under 183 by method of killing, 1990 to 2004

Method of killing

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

January 1997 to March 19984

Sharp instrument

14

19

15

6

14

19

16

14

Blunt instrument

7

2

4

2

3

1

7

8

Kicking or hitting etc. without a weapon

21

23

26

18

24

17

6

8

Strangulation

13

10

7

6

12

16

7

6

Exhaust fumes5

2

9

5

2

6

6

6

Other poisoning

8

1

3

4

9

3

Shooting6

2

4

3

3

2

1

4

Exposure of newly born child7

1

3

1

Negligence or neglect

1

2

2

1

5

1

Aborting

Explosion

1

2

Drowning

1

5

7

2

6

1

2

6

Causing to fall against a hard surface

6

1

4

6

2

1

1

4

Burning, scalding

1

3

2

3

2

Struck by motor vehicle8

3

3

1

1

1

Suffocation, asphyxiation or smothering

4

8

2

17

6

5

2

10

Arson

7

10

1

5

6

12

9

11

Other9

3

1

6

7

28

26

Not known

2

4

2

2

6

Total

85

110

82

83

93

88

101

109

Method of killing

1998-89

1999-2000

2000-01

2001-02

2002-03

2003-04

2004-05

Total

Sharp instrument

14

16

18

19

12

17

5

218

Blunt instrument

2

5

5

4

1

2

53

Kicking or hitting etc. without a weapon

7

4

3

7

9

3

4

180

Strangulation

7

6

14

4

6

4

1

119

Exhaust fumes5

5

6

2

5

2

56

Other poisoning

7

2

5

3

6

3

3

57

Shooting6

2

3

8

4

3

2

41

Exposure of newly born child7

2

2

2

11

Negligence or neglect

1

3

5

2

5

6

7

36

Aborting

1

1

Explosion

5

Drowning

5

2

5

4

5

4

4

38

Causing to fall against a hard surface

5

3

3

3

3

5

3

34

Burning, scalding

1

1

1

1

6

Struck by motor vehicle8

1

2

3

4

2

12

Suffocation, asphyxiation or smothering

12

3

13

9

8

5

8

75

Arson

11

3

4

6

10

7

4

77

Other9

21

18

37

13

22

16

16

204

Not known

8

8

1

5

10

12

10

64

Total

108

84

123

90

107

90

74

1,427

1 As at 28 November 2005; figures are subject to revision as cases are dealt with by the police and the courts, or as further information comes to light. Excludes cases that result in an acquittal or conviction of a lesser offence. 2 Murder, manslaughter and infanticide. 3 Excludes cases where age is unknown. 4 This is a 15-month period that reflects the transition from calendar year reporting to financial year reporting in April 1998. 5 Includes all carbon monoxide poisoning, i.e. car exhausts, gas fires etc. 6 Includes use of weapons other than firearms e.g. crossbows, catapaults. 7 Killed by natural elements. 8 Excludes deaths by careless/dangerous driving and aggravated vehicle taking (which are not homicides). 9 Includes non-specific methods in baby battering cases i.e. shaking etc.