The information requested falls within the responsibility of the National Statistician who has been asked to reply.
Letter from Colin Mowl, dated 20 June 2006:
The National Statistician has been asked to reply to your recent Parliamentary Question asking what the (a) death rate from heart disease, stroke and related illnesses and (b) death rate from all cancers was amongst (i) people aged 65 and under, (ii) people aged 75 and under and (iii) all people, in each year since 1970. I am replying in her absence. (78013)
The most recent year for which figures are available is 2004. The table below shows age-standardised death rates from all circulatory diseases and cancer, for persons aged under 65 and under 75 years, and for all ages, in England and Wales for the years 1970 to 2004.
Death rates 1 from circulatory diseases 2 and cancer, 3 for persons by age, 4 England and Wales, 1970 to 2004
Death rates1 from circulatory diseases2 and cancer3, for persons by age4, England and Wales, 1970 to 20045Death rate per 100,000 populationCirculatory diseasesCancerUnder 65Under 75All agesUnder 65Under 75All ages1970135.7268.0537.5105.0163.9213.21971134.5264.7527.7104.6163.3212.11972138.0272.6542.1104.2163.8213.51973135.2266.2530.2103.7163.8213.91974134.9264.6522.7103.6164.2215.21975131.4258.1512.0101.9162.1214.01976129.8254.9506.6103.7165.0217.61977127.1249.7487.6101.7162.4215.1 1978129.5252.1489.4102.2163.3216.5 1979129.5250.0487.0102.0163.1217.71980122.8239.0465.3100.7162.1217.01981117.9232.3452.199.6160.9216.41982113.9226.1442.497.4159.8215.11983112.7224.2435.198.1161.2217.51984107.0215.0422.199.4163.7224.01985105.8212.6425.497.9161.9223.51986101.9205.7407.896.1159.8220.6198797.9198.4391.495.6159.3221.3198892.4191.4381.395.2160.2222.6198986.8182.9370.193.1158.3221.7199083.7176.4357.791.5156.1219.0199180.2171.5355.089.9154.7218.1 199276.2163.5340.688.4153.0216.7199375.6163.1340.886.5149.2210.7199469.0151.0317.483.9146.5207.9199567.9148.1313.381.8143.9204.8199665.4141.9302.680.3140.6200.8199761.5133.7288.077.0136.5196.2199860.0130.0282.876.8135.4195.5199956.5122.6270.974.6131.3190.9200053.2113.8252.873.1128.2187.0200151.4109.3252.772.4126.5188.0200249.7104.0246.271.4125.2187.1200347.999.1239.369.4122.0183.6200444.090.6219.667.5119.5180.3 1 Rate per 100,000 population standardised to the European Standard Population. 2 Deaths from all circulatory diseases selected using the International Classification of Diseases, Eighth Revision (ICD-8) codes 390-444.1, 444.4-458.9 and 782 for the years 1970 to 1978, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) codes 390-459 for the years 1979 to 2000, and Tenth Revision (ICD-10) codes 100-199 for 2001 onwards. 3 Deaths from malignant neoplasms selected using the International Classification of Diseases, Eighth Revision (ICD-8) codes 140-207 for the years 1976 to 1978, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) codes 140-208 for the years 1979 to 2000, and Tenth Revision (ICD-10) codes C00-C97for 2001 onwards. 4 Deaths of babies aged under 28 days are excluded from 1986 onwards. 5 Figures are for registrations of death in each calendar year from 1970 to 1992 and for occurrences of death in each calendar year from 1993 onwards. Note: Between 1984 and 1992 a different interpretation of ICD-9 selection Rule 3 was used to code underlying cause of death in England and Wales to that used internationally. This change means that comparisons between this period and years before and after, should be interpreted with caution. The impact of the change on mortality statistics was analysed and reported in annual mortality publications in 1984 and 1994. *The introduction of ICD-10 for coding cause of death in 2001 also means that figures are not completely comparable with data for years before this date. Comparisons between the data before and after 2001 should therefore also be interpreted with caution. Articles specifically examining the effect of the change in classification for circulatory disease and cancer trends were published in Health Statistics Quarterly 22 and 23. **More information about these changes, as well as the results of the study, can be found on the National Statistics website at www.statistics.gov.uk/icdl0mortality. *Mortality statistics: Cause 1984. DH2 No. 11, pg viii-ix. Mortality statistics: Cause 1993 (revised) and 1994. DH2 No.21, pg xxv-xxxiii. **Griffiths C, Brock A, Rooney C (2004) The impact of introducing ICD-10 on trends in mortality from circulatory diseases in England and Wales. Health Statistics Quarterly 22, 14-20. Brock A, Griffiths C, Rooney C (2004) The effect of the introduction of ICD-10 on cancer mortality trends in England and Wales. Health Statistics Quarterly 23, 7-17.